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TISED IN THE TRIBUNE IS ^GUARANTEED Vol. LXXVIII No. 2(>,301 First to Last?the Truth: News ? Editorials ? Advertisements Mit WEATHER Rain and colder to-day; *?Ycdnc>.da> fair, strong west winds ? Full Report on Pace Id [Copyrlsrht. 191?. ?ew Tork Tribune Inc.] TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 19, 1918 * ? ? * TWO <* F NT**? ,n ("reat,'r >>w" Vork and ; THREE CENT? I niiliin commuting; il'Mauve Wilson Announces He Will Attend Peace Parley; Briey, Decked with Flags, Welcomes Americans; jjrst U- S. Troops Leave Europe Within Week Senate Ready To Bare Deals Of Brewers Inquiry Into Activities With Brisbane and Propagan? dists Starts To-day Six Men Summoned By Sub-Committee Hearst's Editor and Alex? ander Konta to Get Chance to Testify Tribune Washington Bureau WASHINGTON. Nov. 18.?All the 'preparations were completed to-night! for the opening to-morrow of the Sen- ! ate inquiry into the Brisbane-Brewers- I ' German propaganda situation, which l men on the inside have predicted will ! become one of the most startling ever held at the capital. Six witnesses , have been subpoenaed, and a great mass ? of evidence has been gathered and ar- I ranged for presentation. ' The sub-committee of the Senate f Judiciary Committee, which will hold ! the hearing, has decided to put no limit to the scope of the inquiry, but ; to follow developments to the utmost. ; It will include far more than the single ? lui by which a group of brewers en- ! billed Arthur Brisbane. Hearst's editor, j .-o buy "The Washington Times," and ! -'ar more than the usa of brewers' | money in politics. ? j May Answer Many Questions The questions to which it may supply I atttvers are many. Here are a few: Just how much influence on legisla- | ?.ion and the administration of the law j has been bought by the millions the j brewers have spent ? How widely have they succeeded in j perverting public men, writers, seien- i '.'fie experts and labor leaders? How close was the connection be- j >ween the big brewing funds and the ' pro-German propaganda in this coun- j *-ry? How many newspapers have been ! bought up by the combination of these j T.tere.t-, or by cither one of them? What r the facts as to Hearst'B t purchase (,?; "The Chicago Herald," of Brisbane's purchase of "The Wash-; ?ngton Times," of Brisbane's purchase j of two or three Milwaukee papers? Are any of the big funds Bernstorffi .??known to have left behind him to Wntinue the German warfare on Amer- i ?a involved in any of these things? Brewing Interest? Confer It is not only the government that j !i?s made careful preparations for the ? Wie?the men involved on the. other I "'de have had ample notice of what j 'fat coming, and have made ready for i ?v A report reached the Senate sub? committee to-day that there had been ! *n ai!-day conference of leaders of ! |he brewing interests in Baltimcre, and j '.rat it had included some men who '?ave not yet been eummoned. Amonr. those mentioned as having at **r?ded were Robert Craig, the "Dear j "ob" of the Feigenspari correspondence t n tho Brisbane deal; Hugh F. Fox, sec- I ? ttary of the United State-? Brewers' fwociation; Colonel Jacob Ruppert, of jew York, who gave $50,000 toward j lr.Brisbane's fund; John P. Gardiner,; president of the Pennsylvania State ; 8r?w?ri' Association, and John A. Mc- ] P?rmott, manager of the organization ? w?re?j 0f the United States Hrcwers' ???pe i at ion. The inquiry is expected to fall into I '?'*o phase??first, that affecting the gen- j -ra' alleged corrupt actions of the brew- ! *"??. the size of their funds and their ??tbods of work; second, that affecting ?heir connection with the German propaganda, and probably ramification? *1 th;-? propaganda, which have never "*t been made public, even as sus i>'Ci_.n,, Hump?.-, Evidence at Hand !n taking up the first part of this xpo*ure, with which the hearings will ?P*n, the committee will have at its ?^'?potia! a mas* of document*- gath IfjM two or three years ago, when E. Y?ry Humea, then United States At ^rney *or Pittsburgh, haled tho jilted State?! Brewers' Afhociation, the Pennsylvania State Brewers' Associa __***>. end nearly seventy individual '?*<!wirijf concerns into court. The ^"?wers did not permit the cases to '?me t? trial, but pleaded nolle con ??nder*, and paid heavy lines. It will _?;<0 hav?; a mass of testi? mony taken in Texas, when seven "-"??nic concern? paid fines totalling ?tout 15280,0O0 arifj forfeited their char? as- This evidence has been prc ?""??"'J tor presentation by Mr. Hum??. ?najor in the Adjutant General's ;* ion, who will "?guide the eommit *** in it? work," a? Senator Overman, *?* chairman, put it. Working with 5* u a member of the Military Intcl ?P*&4*e Bureau, who it- ? specialist on "?rrriari propaganda. __rtl* records of the ?ix witnesses (Continued on wir. five) Red Cross Still Needs Workers ? I yyCLARATION of an armis- j 1-*# tice at the front is far from causing a suspension of activities \ by the American Red Cross. It's going to be just as cold in France this winter, whether fighting has stopped for good or not. Ameri? can soldiers and sailors will need almost as many Red Cross com? forts for months to come as they did in months past. Volunteer workers are needed in all ? departments at the Red Cross model workroom, 20 East Thirty-eighth Street, There is work for both men and women. Every one with a few hours to spare is appealed to by the or ganization to devote the time to Red Cross work for the army and navy, uXBryl?ri Passes; Goes To President Wilson Expected to Signi Measure Prohibiting ' Liquor Sales i WASHINGTON, Nov. 18.--Final leg- ! islative action was taken to-day by the Senate on the national "war-time" pro? hibition bill, effective July 1 next, and continuing during demobilization. The measure will go Thursday-to-President. Wilson for his approval, confidently ex-1 pected by prohibition advocates. The Senate struck out the Washing- I ton rent profiteering rider, which had ! held up the bill, and without a rollcall j adopted the conference report on the remainder of the provisions, which the i Hou3e already had approved. As transmitted to President Wilson, ! the prohibition feature would stop sales of distilled, malt or vinous beverages June 30, 1919, and thereafter during: the war and demobilization. Manu- j facture of distilled spirits now is pro- ! hibited under the food control law,! which will expire with the world peace treaty. Regarding malt and vinous bever- ! ages, the new measure provides that j their manufacture shall cease May 1,1 1919, and then- sale for beverage pur? poses July 1. Manufacture for export j is not prohibited, but imports of all in- I toxicating beverage- during the war j and demobilization are barred. The prohibition bill is in the form of j a legislative rider on an emergency ap- j propriation measure providing about I $12,000,000 for stimulating agricultural j production Effect of the legislation, even if an- ! proved by President Wilson, is tne subject of warm dispute, which many members of Congress think the courts will have to settle. The bill would make prohibition effective "after June 30, 1919, until the conclusion of the present war, and thereafter until the termination of demobilization, the date of which shall be determined and pro? claimed by the President." Senator Sheppard, of Texas, author of the prohibition features, and other dry champions insist that prohibition will go into effect on the date fixed^, to continue until demobilization is com? pleted, regardless of when peace is pro? claimed. Opponents of the legislation, however, declare that if peace is de-! | clared before July 1 the bill cannot be ? operative, even though demobilization | will be in progress thereafter. The prohibition legislation has im-' ?portant bearing upon the pending war ! revenue bill, whoso#authors estimate an ! annual revenue loss of more than $1, | 000,000,000 to the government from ; prohibition, including cessation of beer j and wine manufacture, ordered Decem 1 her 1, by the food administration. !-? |Quebec Is Flooded; Damage $1,000,000 QUEBEC, Nov. 18.-? Damage which ; may reach nearly $1,000,000 was caused within an hour to-night when the flood tide, swept in by an easterly gale, flooded the streets of the lower ! town. Havoc was caused along the river front, where boats were driven against wharves and navigation made so dangerous that ferry service bc i tween Quebec and Lev i s '1? ad to be dis l continued. T?"?? if you liave money, buy m?>re MBKKTV BONDS?-from us ,, ..,,.? nood n ""? '/? w? will i?v>> f lid ?iv BONOS from *??< John Muir * Co., Ml Oway.?A?* i Soif, Fearing "Reds," Begs Easier Truce Wireless Message to Allies Says Terms Aid the Bolsheviki Germany Bars Out Russian Envoys Informs Petrograd That Representatives Must Not Be Sent LONDON, Nov. 18 (By The Associat? ed Press).?A long wireless dispatch, signed by Dr. Solf, the German Foreign Secretary, and addressed to the Ameri? can, British, French and Italian govern? ments, has been picked up here. The dispatch asks for elucidation, "in a mollifying sense," of the conditions of the armistice concerning*the left bank of the Rhine, without which "wo shall inevitably advance toward more or less Bolshevist conditions, which might be? come dangerous to neighboring states." BASEL, Nov. 18.?The German au? thorities, according to a dispatch from Berlin, have notified the Russian Bol? shevik government that representatives must not be sent to Germany. The Minister of War of Wurtemberg has resigned, according to a dispatch from Stuttgart. He has been replaced by First Sergeant Fisher. Hugo Preuss has been appointed Ger? man State Secretary of the Interior, according to a Berlin dispatch. AMSTERDAM, No"v~18.?Representa atives of 100 regiments, assembled in meeting in Berlin, have demanded the immediate convocation of a national assembly, according to advices from that city. The Independent Socialists have issued a proclamation glorifying the revolution. It says: "Politicians who agreed to the dis? graceful Brest-Litovsk treaty cannot Continued on next page U. S. Warned To Beware of Propaganda (Government Reveals Efforts j ! to Promote Lenient Attitude j Toward Germany WASHINGTON, Nov. 18.?Govcrn I ment agents see evidences that Ger | man propaganda machinery in the United States is bei*ag put in working I order again to promote sentiment of '? leniency toward Germany in peace j terms. Consequently, Department of ; Justice officials to-day warned that the I public should remain watchful against resumption of organized propaganda i by interests formerly actively pro-Ger? man and for the past year passive. i Concerted movement Is apparent, of | ficials say, in utterances of many in ? dividuals, a few organizations formerly active for German interests and some newspapers. There is no organized leadership, it is believed, but local interests have taken their cue from official pleas from Germany for leniency in armistice and final peace terms. ** The interest of the government agents combating enemy propaganda at this time is not to suppress free expression of opinion, it is explained, 1 but to fight any concert of propa I gandists whose purpose would be to I confound the authorized spokesmen of I the nation in forthcoming peace ne | gotiations. Officials say during the re i construction period there may be con : siderable danger from enemy propa? ganda working to make the nation for? get Germany's course during the war. ' Illustrating the attitude that the 'war and its dangers are not yet over, j it is stated th?t*Dt**P?trtW?Jt Of Justice : agencies have ordered the internment I of several Germans since the armistice j was signed a week ago. Eckhardt, the notorious German Am i bassador at Mexico City, again is I reported doing his utmost to make ! Mexico hostile to the United States ' and is able to have misleading articles I published in the semi-official Mexican j papers. Recently ho. had published j throughout Mexico a statement that j the German army had not been de l fcated and that the German navy-was ? still fighting the Allied navies. Third Army Reaches Great Iron Fields 1,500 Civilians Give Wel? come to Advancing U. S. Forces Triumphal Arches Erected in Streets I Town Undamaged by Ger? mans ; Troops Approach Belgium WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY OF OCCUPATION, Nov. 16 (By The Asso? ciated Press) (6 p. m.).?American troops entered Briey, the heart of the Lorraine iron fields, at 11 o'clock this morning. There were arches across the main street and the town was be? decked with flags. Fifteen hundred ? civilians greeted the troops. j After a welcome by the Briey of? ficials the 38th Infantry Band of the Third Division gave a concert. Then | the Americans lunched from rolling! kitchen?, a large number of released , Russians also being fed. Outwardly Briey showed few indi? cations of the war, the buildings be? ing intact, but there were German signs everywhere pointirfg in the di? rection of ammunition dumps and the various headquarters. On a decorated arch, under which the ?Americans passed, was a home? made ?American flag four feet in length flanked by the French color?. The fia.-*', which had been made by three French kirls, had eleven stars and seven red and white stripes. Cruel at First Before the war the population of, Briey numbered about 2,500. Civilians ! employed in the mines by the Germans were paid from 80 cent" to $1.20 a day. The people of Briey did not have any particular complaints to make of the < treatment by the Germans during th?~ | ...... ..... ? Continued on page three THE SOONER WE ENGAGE A GOVERNESS THE BETTER 1 Total War Cost Near 200 Billions; Allies9Debt Double That of Enemy, (By The Associated Preset WASHINGTON, Nov. 18.?The cost of war for all belligerents to May 1 was estimated at $175,000,000,000 by the Federal Reserve Bulletin, issued to-day, and will amount to nearly $200,000,000,000 before the end of this year. For military and naval purposes all belligerents spent $132, 000,000,000 to May 1. The balance/represents interest on debts, etc. The first five months of war cost $10,000,000,000. In 1915 the expenses jumped to $26,000,000,000; in 1916 they increased to $38, 000,000,000, and in 1917 to $60,000,000,000, which is about this year's probable cost. One hundred and fifty billions of the total war cost has been raised by war loans, and comparatively little by taxation. The public debt of the principal Entente Allies is approximately $105. 000,000,000, or more than twice as mucb as the aggregate debt of the Central Powers, set at $45,000,000,000. Hereafter the annual burden of interest and sinking fund will be not less than $10,000,000,000. Surrender of German Fleet Is Imminent Battleships and Cruisers Were to Have Left Home ! Ports Yesterday LONDON, Nov. 18.?A great German fleet consisting of ten battleships, five battle-cruisers and ?six light cruisers was to leave Germany this morning to surrender to the Allied navy. The sur? render was to take place in accordance with the terms of the armistice im? posed by the Allies. In addition to the foregoing units the whole ofN the submarine flotilla and fifty destroyers also arc to be handed over by Germany. The surrender of ? all the naval units included in the | armistice terms is expected to be com- i pitted by the end of this week. According to H. W. Wilson, a naval writer, in "The Daily Mail," the Gcr- ! man surface warships probably will be sent to Scarpa Flow, a great harbor in the Orkneys. The German submarines, which are to be delivered a week from to-day, will be interned at Portsmouth, Plym? outh, Dover or Harwich, it i* thought. Final Instructions Given i Final instructions on the procedure : whereby the fleet was to be surren? dered were given the German delegates on the cruiser K?nigsberg when they left the Firth of Forth Saturday night. ? The instructions presented by Sir j David Beatty, commander in chief of ! the British nftvy, included the methods of surrender and the routes to be taken by the German warships. "The Times" naval correspondent, writing on the subject, of the submis? sion of the German fleet, says: "The surrender in accordance with the armistice conditions will be made to a force in which the navies of France and America, as well as our own, are represented. In its outward signs the business cannot fail to be impressive. "The appearance of the long lines of vessels to be surrendered, carrying re? duced crews and no armament, the method of their transferrence to the Alliefl escorts, the exchange of flags on the German ships when that hap? pens and the striking of the colors which have replaced the imperial en? sign, the ancient token of yielding, will be among the more interesting features of the manifestation. Another Significance "There is another significance- which attaches to this act of submission, for it represents the non-fulfilment of one of the principal purposed for which the German navy was created?to pro? tect Germanj-'s sea trade and colonies. "The war has come to an end and Germany has lost her colonies and her trade. She now loses the be3t part of her effective naval force. "On the other hand the British fleet is still adequate and is not only as strong as it was before the war, but absolutely and relatively stronger than ever." A Berlin telegram received in Am? sterdam gives this list of the vessels to be handed over: Battleships--Kaiser, Kaiserin, K?nig Albert? Krenprinz Wilhelm. Prinz Re? gent Luitpold, Markgraf, Grosser Kur? f?rst, Bayern, K?nig r.nd Friedrich der Grosse. Battle-cruiser? ? Hindcnbuvg. Der Continued on page five 18,000 Men In England to Return First Initial Movement to Bring Only One Shipload to America LONDON, Nov. 18.?The first Ameri? can troops to depart homeward as a re- ' suit of the signing of the armistice j will be 18,000 men stationed in Eng- i land. The American army expects to start : the.; ,?r?i?*.__xipload of these soldiers homeward within b week, and to have all the men on their way back to the United States ten days later. The plan for clearing England of j American troops are incomplete, but it is desired to remove these men im- \ mediately, as some shipping is avail? able for this purpose. Most of the 18,000 men are helping the British air force. The American hospital units will be left in England until a policy for i caring for future cases of illness j among the Americans has been decided upon. The belief is expressed at army headquarters that.very few Americans! will be left long in England, as it is ? thought that the hospitals in France ; can care for future needs. _ I Government Expects To Demobilize Home Army by Jan, IS New York Tribu?' Washington Bureau WASHINGTON, Nov. 18.-.The Amer? ican army in the United States will be demobilised by January 15 if expecta? tions of the officers of the General Staff are fulfilled. The great task of de? creasing the army was set in motion to-day, when the muster out of the , seventy-one development battalions, containing approximately 100,000 men, was started. These men. declared unfit for complete military duty, will be the first discharged. Conscientious objectors not now sen? tenced or under trial for infractions of military law will next be returned to civil life. The third body of troops to be discharged will be 30,000 soldiers employed in the spruce production ser? vice in Western states. Discharges then will be given to all men in the j Central Officers' Training camps of the army who elect not to continue their studies and win commissions in the Officers' Reserve Corps. These four types cf soldiers will make up the 200,000 men who are ex? pected to be demobilized by th?"- end of the present month. The first half of December will be devoted to ?educ ':ig the United Spates Guarde num? bering 135,000. and the railroad unit?. Steps then will be taken by the de : partment to send back to private life : the thousands of men in depot brigades and replacement units now in training at several camps. The first combat troops to be mus? tered out will be the men in the fifteen < new divisions, the organization of which began when th*- last National Army and National Guard division of the nation's first army was sent over? seas. The plans of the War Department , call for the demobilization of 200,000 men within vhe next two weeks. The remainder, totalling 1,500,000, will be ?lischarged at the rate of 30.000 men , a day, Chief of Sun" March said. At ; this rate of demobilization the army i amps of the country cannot be cleared ; of their present occupants before Jan ! uary 15, and well informed army men | assert t';,at troops from overseas will t not begin to return until that date at I the earliest. It is necessary. Chief of Staff March , pointed out, that the cantonments and I camps of the country be dtnopulated : in order to carry out the department's ! plans of demobilizing the overseas I army in camps nearest th_lr homes. " ? / President to Give His Views At Opening of Deliberations Will Take Part in "Dis? cussion and Settle? ment of Main Feat? ures of Treaty' ' Probably Will Go On U. S. Battleship Executive to Sail for France After Con? gress Reconvenes in December WASHINGTON, Nov. IS (ByThe ?Associated Press).?President Wil? son will attend the opening sessions, of the peace conference. This was announced to-night officially. He will go immediately after the. convening of the regular session of Congres:? on Deco m tier 2. The official statement from the White House follows: "The President expects to sail for France immediately after the open? ing of the regular session of Con? gress, for the purpose of taking part in the discussion and settle? ment of the main features of the treaty of peace. "It. is not likely that it will be possible for him to remain through? out the sessions of the formal peace conference, but his presence at the outset is necessary in order to obviate the manifest disadvant? ages of discussion by cable in de? termining the greater outlines of the final treaty, about which he must necessarily be consulted. "He will, of course, be accom? panied by delegates who will sit as the representatives of the United States throughout the conference. "The names of the delegates will be presently announced." May Visit Four Capitals How long the President will re? main abroad he himself probablj cannot now say. The time for con veiling the peace conference hai not yet been announced, but tiic general belief here is that if. can not be assembled before late ii December, at the earliest. If suci proves the case the President wil be absent from the country for a least, a month and probably longer What plans the Pr?sident ma have for his trip other than to at tend the opening of the peace con ference and to participate in th discussions among the representa tives of the associated nations whicl will precede it have not been r. vealed. He undoubtedly will b accompanied by Mrs.. Wilson, and i is expected here that besides visit ing Paris, where the peace congres probably will be held, he will go t London and possibly to Brussels an Rome. To Set Two Precedent s Mr. Wilson is expected to recei abroad a reception such as has bee accorded but few men in public lif He will be welcomed not only as t) President of the United States, ar the commander in chief of its arn and navy, but also as the champk of world democracy. In visiting Europe the Preside! will establish two precedents. I will be the first Chief Executive i the United States to participate in peace conference for the settling issues growing out of a war which this country participated, ai likewise he will be tin* 'first Pre; dent to leave North ?America duril his term of office. In reaching his decision *.<? atte the p->ace conference President Wils ?! understood to have been largely ; fluenced by representations from P miers Lloyd George of England a Clemenceau of France and otl statesmen of the Entente countries. The nrinciple? am? terms of ?-it tarnt enunciated by the Prcsid?