OCR Interpretation

New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, November 19, 1918, Image 1

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030214/1918-11-19/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

Vol. LXXVIII No. 2(>,301
First to Last?the Truth: News ? Editorials ? Advertisements
Rain and colder to-day; *?Ycdnc>.da>
fair, strong west
winds ?
Full Report on Pace Id
[Copyrlsrht. 191?.
?ew Tork Tribune Inc.]
* ? ? *
TWO <* F NT**? ,n ("reat,'r >>w" Vork and ; THREE CENT?
I niiliin commuting; il'Mauve
Wilson Announces He Will Attend Peace Parley;
Briey, Decked with Flags, Welcomes Americans;
jjrst U- S. Troops Leave Europe Within Week
Senate Ready
To Bare Deals
Of Brewers
Inquiry Into Activities With
Brisbane and Propagan?
dists Starts To-day
Six Men Summoned
By Sub-Committee
Hearst's Editor and Alex?
ander Konta to Get
Chance to Testify
Tribune Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON. Nov. 18.?All the
'preparations were completed to-night!
for the opening to-morrow of the Sen- !
ate inquiry into the Brisbane-Brewers- I
' German propaganda situation, which l
men on the inside have predicted will !
become one of the most startling ever
held at the capital. Six witnesses ,
have been subpoenaed, and a great mass ?
of evidence has been gathered and ar- I
ranged for presentation. '
The sub-committee of the Senate f
Judiciary Committee, which will hold !
the hearing, has decided to put no
limit to the scope of the inquiry, but ;
to follow developments to the utmost. ;
It will include far more than the single ?
lui by which a group of brewers en- !
billed Arthur Brisbane. Hearst's editor, j
.-o buy "The Washington Times," and !
-'ar more than the usa of brewers' |
money in politics. ? j
May Answer Many Questions
The questions to which it may supply I
atttvers are many. Here are a few:
Just how much influence on legisla- |
?.ion and the administration of the law j
has been bought by the millions the j
brewers have spent ?
How widely have they succeeded in j
perverting public men, writers, seien- i
'.'fie experts and labor leaders?
How close was the connection be- j
>ween the big brewing funds and the '
pro-German propaganda in this coun- j
How many newspapers have been !
bought up by the combination of these j
T.tere.t-, or by cither one of them?
What r the facts as to Hearst'B t
purchase (,?; "The Chicago Herald," of
Brisbane's purchase of "The Wash-;
?ngton Times," of Brisbane's purchase j
of two or three Milwaukee papers?
Are any of the big funds Bernstorffi
.??known to have left behind him to
Wntinue the German warfare on Amer- i
?a involved in any of these things?
Brewing Interest? Confer
It is not only the government that j
!i?s made careful preparations for the ?
Wie?the men involved on the. other I
"'de have had ample notice of what j
'fat coming, and have made ready for i
?v A report reached the Senate sub?
committee to-day that there had been !
*n ai!-day conference of leaders of !
|he brewing interests in Baltimcre, and j
'.rat it had included some men who
'?ave not yet been eummoned.
Amonr. those mentioned as having at
**r?ded were Robert Craig, the "Dear j
"ob" of the Feigenspari correspondence t
n tho Brisbane deal; Hugh F. Fox, sec- I
? ttary of the United State-? Brewers'
fwociation; Colonel Jacob Ruppert, of
jew York, who gave $50,000 toward j
lr.Brisbane's fund; John P. Gardiner,;
president of the Pennsylvania State ;
8r?w?ri' Association, and John A. Mc- ]
P?rmott, manager of the organization ?
w?re?j 0f the United States Hrcwers'
???pe i at ion.
The inquiry is expected to fall into I
'?'*o phase??first, that affecting the gen- j
-ra' alleged corrupt actions of the brew- !
*"??. the size of their funds and their
??tbods of work; second, that affecting
?heir connection with the German
propaganda, and probably ramification?
*1 th;-? propaganda, which have never
"*t been made public, even as sus
Hump?.-, Evidence at Hand
!n taking up the first part of this
xpo*ure, with which the hearings will
?P*n, the committee will have at its
?^'?potia! a mas* of document*- gath
IfjM two or three years ago, when E.
Y?ry Humea, then United States At
^rney *or Pittsburgh, haled tho
jilted State?! Brewers' Afhociation, the
Pennsylvania State Brewers' Associa
__***>. end nearly seventy individual
'?*<!wirijf concerns into court. The
^"?wers did not permit the cases to
'?me t? trial, but pleaded nolle con
??nder*, and paid heavy lines.
It will _?;<0 hav?; a mass of testi?
mony taken in Texas, when seven
"-"??nic concern? paid fines totalling
?tout 15280,0O0 arifj forfeited their char?
as- This evidence has been prc
?""??"'J tor presentation by Mr. Hum??.
?najor in the Adjutant General's
;* ion, who will "?guide the eommit
*** in it? work," a? Senator Overman,
*?* chairman, put it. Working with
5* u a member of the Military Intcl
?P*&4*e Bureau, who it- ? specialist on
"?rrriari propaganda.
__rtl* records of the ?ix witnesses
(Continued on wir. five)
Red Cross Still
Needs Workers
? I
yyCLARATION of an armis- j
1-*# tice at the front is far from
causing a suspension of activities \
by the American Red Cross. It's
going to be just as cold in France
this winter, whether fighting has
stopped for good or not. Ameri?
can soldiers and sailors will need
almost as many Red Cross com?
forts for months to come as they
did in months past.
Volunteer workers are needed
in all ? departments at the Red
Cross model workroom, 20 East
Thirty-eighth Street, There is
work for both men and women.
Every one with a few hours to
spare is appealed to by the or
ganization to devote the time to
Red Cross work for the army and
Passes; Goes
To President
Wilson Expected to Signi
Measure Prohibiting '
Liquor Sales
WASHINGTON, Nov. 18.--Final leg- !
islative action was taken to-day by the
Senate on the national "war-time" pro?
hibition bill, effective July 1 next, and
continuing during demobilization. The
measure will go Thursday-to-President.
Wilson for his approval, confidently ex-1
pected by prohibition advocates.
The Senate struck out the Washing- I
ton rent profiteering rider, which had !
held up the bill, and without a rollcall j
adopted the conference report on the
remainder of the provisions, which the i
Hou3e already had approved.
As transmitted to President Wilson, !
the prohibition feature would stop sales
of distilled, malt or vinous beverages
June 30, 1919, and thereafter during:
the war and demobilization. Manu- j
facture of distilled spirits now is pro- !
hibited under the food control law,!
which will expire with the world peace
Regarding malt and vinous bever- !
ages, the new measure provides that j
their manufacture shall cease May 1,1
1919, and then- sale for beverage pur?
poses July 1. Manufacture for export j
is not prohibited, but imports of all in- I
toxicating beverage- during the war j
and demobilization are barred.
The prohibition bill is in the form of j
a legislative rider on an emergency ap- j
propriation measure providing about I
$12,000,000 for stimulating agricultural j
Effect of the legislation, even if an- !
proved by President Wilson, is tne
subject of warm dispute, which many
members of Congress think the courts
will have to settle. The bill would
make prohibition effective "after June
30, 1919, until the conclusion of the
present war, and thereafter until the
termination of demobilization, the date
of which shall be determined and pro?
claimed by the President."
Senator Sheppard, of Texas, author
of the prohibition features, and other
dry champions insist that prohibition
will go into effect on the date fixed^, to
continue until demobilization is com?
pleted, regardless of when peace is pro?
claimed. Opponents of the legislation,
however, declare that if peace is de-!
| clared before July 1 the bill cannot be
? operative, even though demobilization
| will be in progress thereafter.
The prohibition legislation has im-'
?portant bearing upon the pending war
! revenue bill, whoso#authors estimate an
! annual revenue loss of more than $1,
| 000,000,000 to the government from
; prohibition, including cessation of beer
j and wine manufacture, ordered Decem
1 her 1, by the food administration.
|Quebec Is Flooded;
Damage $1,000,000
QUEBEC, Nov. 18.-? Damage which
; may reach nearly $1,000,000 was
caused within an hour to-night when
the flood tide, swept in by an easterly
gale, flooded the streets of the lower
! town. Havoc was caused along the
river front, where boats were driven
against wharves and navigation made
so dangerous that ferry service bc
i tween Quebec and Lev i s '1? ad to be dis
l continued.
if you liave money, buy m?>re
,, ..,,.? nood n ""? '/? w? will i?v>>
f lid ?iv BONOS from *??<
John Muir * Co., Ml Oway.?A?* i
Soif, Fearing
"Reds," Begs
Easier Truce
Wireless Message to Allies
Says Terms Aid the
Germany Bars Out
Russian Envoys
Informs Petrograd That
Representatives Must
Not Be Sent
LONDON, Nov. 18 (By The Associat?
ed Press).?A long wireless dispatch,
signed by Dr. Solf, the German Foreign
Secretary, and addressed to the Ameri?
can, British, French and Italian govern?
ments, has been picked up here.
The dispatch asks for elucidation, "in
a mollifying sense," of the conditions of
the armistice concerning*the left bank
of the Rhine, without which "wo shall
inevitably advance toward more or less
Bolshevist conditions, which might be?
come dangerous to neighboring states."
BASEL, Nov. 18.?The German au?
thorities, according to a dispatch from
Berlin, have notified the Russian Bol?
shevik government that representatives
must not be sent to Germany.
The Minister of War of Wurtemberg
has resigned, according to a dispatch
from Stuttgart. He has been replaced
by First Sergeant Fisher.
Hugo Preuss has been appointed Ger?
man State Secretary of the Interior,
according to a Berlin dispatch.
AMSTERDAM, No"v~18.?Representa
atives of 100 regiments, assembled in
meeting in Berlin, have demanded the
immediate convocation of a national
assembly, according to advices from
that city. The Independent Socialists
have issued a proclamation glorifying
the revolution. It says:
"Politicians who agreed to the dis?
graceful Brest-Litovsk treaty cannot
Continued on next page
U. S. Warned
To Beware of
(Government Reveals Efforts j
! to Promote Lenient Attitude j
Toward Germany
WASHINGTON, Nov. 18.?Govcrn
I ment agents see evidences that Ger
| man propaganda machinery in the
United States is bei*ag put in working
I order again to promote sentiment of
'? leniency toward Germany in peace
j terms. Consequently, Department of
; Justice officials to-day warned that the
I public should remain watchful against
resumption of organized propaganda
i by interests formerly actively pro-Ger?
man and for the past year passive.
i Concerted movement Is apparent, of
| ficials say, in utterances of many in
? dividuals, a few organizations formerly
active for German interests and some
There is no organized leadership, it
is believed, but local interests have
taken their cue from official pleas from
Germany for leniency in armistice and
final peace terms. **
The interest of the government
agents combating enemy propaganda
at this time is not to suppress free
expression of opinion, it is explained,
1 but to fight any concert of propa
I gandists whose purpose would be to
I confound the authorized spokesmen of
I the nation in forthcoming peace ne
| gotiations. Officials say during the re
i construction period there may be con
: siderable danger from enemy propa?
ganda working to make the nation for?
get Germany's course during the war.
' Illustrating the attitude that the
'war and its dangers are not yet over,
j it is stated th?t*Dt**P?trtW?Jt Of Justice
: agencies have ordered the internment
I of several Germans since the armistice
j was signed a week ago.
Eckhardt, the notorious German Am
i bassador at Mexico City, again is
I reported doing his utmost to make
! Mexico hostile to the United States
' and is able to have misleading articles
I published in the semi-official Mexican
j papers. Recently ho. had published
j throughout Mexico a statement that
j the German army had not been de
l fcated and that the German navy-was
? still fighting the Allied navies.
Third Army
Reaches Great
Iron Fields
1,500 Civilians Give Wel?
come to Advancing
U. S. Forces
Triumphal Arches
Erected in Streets I
Town Undamaged by Ger?
mans ; Troops Approach
OCCUPATION, Nov. 16 (By The Asso?
ciated Press) (6 p. m.).?American
troops entered Briey, the heart of the
Lorraine iron fields, at 11 o'clock this
morning. There were arches across
the main street and the town was be?
decked with flags. Fifteen hundred ?
civilians greeted the troops. j
After a welcome by the Briey of?
ficials the 38th Infantry Band of the
Third Division gave a concert. Then |
the Americans lunched from rolling!
kitchen?, a large number of released ,
Russians also being fed.
Outwardly Briey showed few indi?
cations of the war, the buildings be?
ing intact, but there were German
signs everywhere pointirfg in the di?
rection of ammunition dumps and the
various headquarters.
On a decorated arch, under which
the ?Americans passed, was a home?
made ?American flag four feet in
length flanked by the French color?.
The fia.-*', which had been made by
three French kirls, had eleven stars
and seven red and white stripes.
Cruel at First
Before the war the population of,
Briey numbered about 2,500. Civilians !
employed in the mines by the Germans
were paid from 80 cent" to $1.20 a day.
The people of Briey did not have any
particular complaints to make of the <
treatment by the Germans during th?~ |
...... ..... ?
Continued on page three
Total War Cost Near 200 Billions;
Allies9Debt Double That of Enemy,
(By The Associated Preset
WASHINGTON, Nov. 18.?The cost of war for all belligerents
to May 1 was estimated at $175,000,000,000 by the Federal
Reserve Bulletin, issued to-day, and will amount to nearly
$200,000,000,000 before the end of this year.
For military and naval purposes all belligerents spent $132,
000,000,000 to May 1. The balance/represents interest on debts, etc.
The first five months of war cost $10,000,000,000. In 1915 the
expenses jumped to $26,000,000,000; in 1916 they increased to $38,
000,000,000, and in 1917 to $60,000,000,000, which is about this year's
probable cost.
One hundred and fifty billions of the total war cost has been
raised by war loans, and comparatively little by taxation. The
public debt of the principal Entente Allies is approximately $105.
000,000,000, or more than twice as mucb as the aggregate debt of
the Central Powers, set at $45,000,000,000.
Hereafter the annual burden of interest and sinking fund will
be not less than $10,000,000,000.
Surrender of
German Fleet
Is Imminent
Battleships and Cruisers
Were to Have Left Home !
Ports Yesterday
LONDON, Nov. 18.?A great German
fleet consisting of ten battleships, five
battle-cruisers and ?six light cruisers
was to leave Germany this morning to
surrender to the Allied navy. The sur?
render was to take place in accordance
with the terms of the armistice im?
posed by the Allies.
In addition to the foregoing units the
whole ofN the submarine flotilla and
fifty destroyers also arc to be handed
over by Germany. The surrender of ?
all the naval units included in the |
armistice terms is expected to be com- i
pitted by the end of this week.
According to H. W. Wilson, a naval
writer, in "The Daily Mail," the Gcr- !
man surface warships probably will
be sent to Scarpa Flow, a great harbor
in the Orkneys.
The German submarines, which are
to be delivered a week from to-day,
will be interned at Portsmouth, Plym?
outh, Dover or Harwich, it i* thought.
Final Instructions Given
Final instructions on the procedure :
whereby the fleet was to be surren?
dered were given the German delegates
on the cruiser K?nigsberg when they
left the Firth of Forth Saturday night. ?
The instructions presented by Sir j
David Beatty, commander in chief of !
the British nftvy, included the methods
of surrender and the routes to be
taken by the German warships.
"The Times" naval correspondent,
writing on the subject, of the submis?
sion of the German fleet, says:
"The surrender in accordance with
the armistice conditions will be made
to a force in which the navies of
France and America, as well as our
own, are represented. In its outward
signs the business cannot fail to be
"The appearance of the long lines of
vessels to be surrendered, carrying re?
duced crews and no armament, the
method of their transferrence to the
Alliefl escorts, the exchange of flags
on the German ships when that hap?
pens and the striking of the colors
which have replaced the imperial en?
sign, the ancient token of yielding,
will be among the more interesting
features of the manifestation.
Another Significance
"There is another significance- which
attaches to this act of submission, for
it represents the non-fulfilment of
one of the principal purposed for which
the German navy was created?to pro?
tect Germanj-'s sea trade and colonies.
"The war has come to an end and
Germany has lost her colonies and her
trade. She now loses the be3t part of
her effective naval force.
"On the other hand the British fleet
is still adequate and is not only as
strong as it was before the war, but
absolutely and relatively stronger than
A Berlin telegram received in Am?
sterdam gives this list of the vessels
to be handed over:
Battleships--Kaiser, Kaiserin, K?nig
Albert? Krenprinz Wilhelm. Prinz Re?
gent Luitpold, Markgraf, Grosser Kur?
f?rst, Bayern, K?nig r.nd Friedrich
der Grosse.
Battle-cruiser? ? Hindcnbuvg. Der
Continued on page five
18,000 Men
In England to
Return First
Initial Movement to Bring
Only One Shipload to
LONDON, Nov. 18.?The first Ameri?
can troops to depart homeward as a re- '
suit of the signing of the armistice j
will be 18,000 men stationed in Eng- i
The American army expects to start :
the.; ,?r?i?*.__xipload of these soldiers
homeward within b week, and to have
all the men on their way back to the
United States ten days later.
The plan for clearing England of j
American troops are incomplete, but it
is desired to remove these men im- \
mediately, as some shipping is avail?
able for this purpose. Most of the
18,000 men are helping the British air
The American hospital units will be
left in England until a policy for i
caring for future cases of illness j
among the Americans has been decided
The belief is expressed at army
headquarters that.very few Americans!
will be left long in England, as it is ?
thought that the hospitals in France ;
can care for future needs.
_ I
Government Expects
To Demobilize Home
Army by Jan, IS
New York Tribu?'
Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, Nov. 18.-.The Amer?
ican army in the United States will be
demobilised by January 15 if expecta?
tions of the officers of the General Staff
are fulfilled. The great task of de?
creasing the army was set in motion
to-day, when the muster out of the ,
seventy-one development battalions,
containing approximately 100,000 men,
was started. These men. declared unfit
for complete military duty, will be the
first discharged.
Conscientious objectors not now sen?
tenced or under trial for infractions of
military law will next be returned to
civil life. The third body of troops to
be discharged will be 30,000 soldiers
employed in the spruce production ser?
vice in Western states. Discharges
then will be given to all men in the j
Central Officers' Training camps of the
army who elect not to continue their
studies and win commissions in the
Officers' Reserve Corps.
These four types cf soldiers will
make up the 200,000 men who are ex?
pected to be demobilized by th?"- end
of the present month. The first half
of December will be devoted to ?educ
':ig the United Spates Guarde num?
bering 135,000. and the railroad unit?.
Steps then will be taken by the de
: partment to send back to private life
: the thousands of men in depot brigades
and replacement units now in training
at several camps.
The first combat troops to be mus?
tered out will be the men in the fifteen
< new divisions, the organization of
which began when th*- last National
Army and National Guard division of
the nation's first army was sent over?
The plans of the War Department
, call for the demobilization of 200,000
men within vhe next two weeks. The
remainder, totalling 1,500,000, will be
?lischarged at the rate of 30.000 men
, a day, Chief of Sun" March said. At
; this rate of demobilization the army
i amps of the country cannot be cleared
; of their present occupants before Jan
! uary 15, and well informed army men
| assert t';,at troops from overseas will
t not begin to return until that date at
I the earliest.
It is necessary. Chief of Staff March
, pointed out, that the cantonments and
I camps of the country be dtnopulated
: in order to carry out the department's
! plans of demobilizing the overseas
I army in camps nearest th_lr homes.
" ?
President to
Give His Views
At Opening of
Will Take Part in "Dis?
cussion and Settle?
ment of Main Feat?
ures of Treaty' '
Probably Will Go
On U. S. Battleship
Executive to Sail for
France After Con?
gress Reconvenes
in December
?Associated Press).?President Wil?
son will attend the opening sessions,
of the peace conference. This was
announced to-night officially. He will
go immediately after the. convening
of the regular session of Congres:?
on Deco m tier 2.
The official statement from the
White House follows:
"The President expects to sail for
France immediately after the open?
ing of the regular session of Con?
gress, for the purpose of taking
part in the discussion and settle?
ment of the main features of the
treaty of peace.
"It. is not likely that it will be
possible for him to remain through?
out the sessions of the formal
peace conference, but his presence
at the outset is necessary in order
to obviate the manifest disadvant?
ages of discussion by cable in de?
termining the greater outlines of
the final treaty, about which he
must necessarily be consulted.
"He will, of course, be accom?
panied by delegates who will sit as
the representatives of the United
States throughout the conference.
"The names of the delegates will
be presently announced."
May Visit Four Capitals
How long the President will re?
main abroad he himself probablj
cannot now say. The time for con
veiling the peace conference hai
not yet been announced, but tiic
general belief here is that if. can
not be assembled before late ii
December, at the earliest. If suci
proves the case the President wil
be absent from the country for a
least, a month and probably longer
What plans the Pr?sident ma
have for his trip other than to at
tend the opening of the peace con
ference and to participate in th
discussions among the representa
tives of the associated nations whicl
will precede it have not been r.
vealed. He undoubtedly will b
accompanied by Mrs.. Wilson, and i
is expected here that besides visit
ing Paris, where the peace congres
probably will be held, he will go t
London and possibly to Brussels an
To Set Two Precedent s
Mr. Wilson is expected to recei
abroad a reception such as has bee
accorded but few men in public lif
He will be welcomed not only as t)
President of the United States, ar
the commander in chief of its arn
and navy, but also as the champk
of world democracy.
In visiting Europe the Preside!
will establish two precedents. I
will be the first Chief Executive i
the United States to participate in
peace conference for the settling
issues growing out of a war
which this country participated, ai
likewise he will be tin* 'first Pre;
dent to leave North ?America duril
his term of office.
In reaching his decision *.<? atte
the p->ace conference President Wils
?! understood to have been largely ;
fluenced by representations from P
miers Lloyd George of England a
Clemenceau of France and otl
statesmen of the Entente countries.
The nrinciple? am? terms of ?-it
tarnt enunciated by the Prcsid?

xml | txt