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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, January 13, 1919, Image 1

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Xo. 26,;i56
First to Last?.the Truth:
Editorials - _4duerttsements
Fair and continued cold to-day v.td
ICopj-riuht, 1919,
Xew Vork Tribune Inc.]
. In Greater New York aml
( within eommutinr di?tance
21 Killed as Two Trains Crash Near Batavia;
Peace Congress Is Begun in Paris
Collide on
Down Grade
12 Men, 7 Woinen and 2
Children Die Under
Demolished Pullman
12 Bodies Foimd;
Rescue Work Halted
Southwestern Limited
Hits Wolverine; Stories
of Cause of Wreck Vary
Special Correapondeiice
BATAVIA, N. Y., Jan. 12.?Twenty
one persons?twelve men, seven women
and two children?were killed in a
wreck on the New York Central Rail?
road at 3:40 o'clock this morning nine
ard a half mile3 east of here, near the
South Byron station.
Identification was made difficult bc- j
cause victlms died in their berths, at
tired only in night clothes. Almost all]
the bodies were badly manglcd. j
The list of injured will exceed more j
than a dozen names. Most of the in- j
juries were slight, Bodies of the dear1 j
were brought to Batavia on special j
trains and taken to undertakers'j
Two of the best trains on the Central |
were in the wreck. The westbound
Wolverine No. 17 had stopped at the
foot of the Bryon grade to allow an
cther engine to hook oh in" frofit and
help the heavy train up the hill.
Hit by Southwestern
Jtiit as the coupling was being made
:he Southwestern Limited No. 11, run
i:in~ at over fifty miles an hour,,
trashed into the rear end of the Wol- j
verine. Thc rear Pullman of the Wol- i
^c~ine waa driven completely under the
second coach from the end and the en-1
tire interior equipment of the rear car j
and twenty-one of the twenty-four per- !
sons in it were driven into a t'angled j
The ir'entified dead a"e:
IIARV.'.Y, S. D? residence unkiiown. ;
Identified by ring Eignifying service
"ith thc United States Army on the
Mexitan border, inscribed on inside:
"S. D. Harvey, Serg. Co. F, 32 Michi?
gan Infantry.
JONES, BALLARD, New Yonk City,
Pullman porter on sleener which was i
ciimoiished. Identified by draft regis
trat'on card.
LEONARD, FRANKLIN B., bclieved to !
Kye :n Baer Lake, Mich. Identified
by thc tag with inscription A, T. F., i
Y. ? A. M. Lodge, No. 41C.
captain, chief engineer Atlantic Ship {
Sah/age Corporation, 61 Broadway, i
few Vork.
Th? eriously injured.are:
D^UGHBBTY, FLORA, Flint. Mich.; at i
Batavia Hospital; will probably die. |
UCKKRMAN, NATHAN, and wife, Chi?
cago, at Batavia Hospital.
PETERSON, Frank, Herkimer, a mail j
clerk on the Southwestern Limited.
RKJDEK, W. F? Ashtabula. Obio, a j
mail clerk on the Southwestern Lim- j
ited; left hip injured. RITZ, II. ()., |
8jrracus*; injured in cheat. RUTAN, I
f ( Chicago; back injured. SIM?
ONS, 8. L? Kansas City, Mo.; injured '
?r. ankle. TAYLOR, Mr?. O., Chicago, j
was accompanied by her husband,
Major Taylor, THORNTON, K. S.,
?tl /-ejcon; glightly burned on chest.
'?welre Bodiea Taken Out
Ai l:::;f; o'clock thia afternoon a
*K-eking tran. from Syraciise lifted
tm er.J of the car which lay over the
*r?ckage in wbieh tho de*d <wer_ in>
RpfonM. A crane fw>m. BufTalo got
HU ot the other end of thc aleeper
*Mi tha t?,p <;ar was.lifted. Bcrth
C-aflion,., pillow*, blankeU, wires, car
P?ta- ali w?re jamrned into one end
?* the demolinhed aleeping car. '
fv/*Jy<j bodiea were taken from th*
*rtck before daylight, but from then
frtfl esrly thi? aftetnoon nothing
foul. jj- (;cnc j^causo ot the lack of
*t*?m tnnrt.
^'fgineer Friedley of the South weat
<?*" Ltmit^J -.ai. to-day thnt the block
*M cl??r v/hvn his train ent?r*d 't.
*"'* th*4 th? firtt aign of troubio ho
?*b??r/?d wa* ? red light botween the
*??h? on wkteh hi* train waa travalling.
K?ilr??d offtoiaU aaid that tha block
*** ?*t againat tha Knuthweatarn Lim
J**1). I? Edition * (lagman wa??aent
JJ* from tha Wolvarlna and ? fuw
W*4. h ?*, a Hear night *nd ?!*?
**J* **j14 ba s?an tor roi?#?, Th? Lim*
&??*? ***** i0 two Hut* ,*'* *md
*?? Wokorlna wm n?a.Iy *n hour and
Luxemburg Is
Proclaimed Republic
TV/CETZ, Jan. 11 (By The As
i~A sociated Press).?Luxem?
burg was proclaimed a republic
Friday, when the Grand Duchess
Jtfarie retired from the capital,
taking up quarters in a chateau
The Chamber held an excited
meeting, the Clericals quitting the
House in a body.
Mrs. Lebaudy
Killed Husband to Shield
Her Daughter, Is Hinted
by Friend of the Woman
WESTBURY, Long Island, Jan. 12.?
, Although Mrs. Marine Augustine Le
J baudy, who shot and kiled her husband,
fJacques, here on Saturday night, was
still prostrated and unable to see any'
one yesterday, it was said by her
friends that she would plead self-de
fence at her trial. A close friend of the
family hinted she shot her husband to
protect her thirteen-year-old daughter,
On several occasions, this informnnt
said, Lebaudy had threatened to do the
girl bodily harm. It is considered pos?
sible that Mrs. Lebaudy believed he
was about to carry out this threat Sat?
urday night, for when she shot him
he was. aseending the stairs to where
she and her daughter were.
Her pistol had five chambers and she j
emptied it. Four of the bullets took j
effect. Lebaudy was hit in thc chest,!
the chin, the left shoulder and the
spine. Hc plunged to thc foot of the|
stairwa.y, breaking his nose and bruis-j
ihg his body. '
Pistol in Lebaudy's Pocket
Whether or not the man had mur- j
derous designs on any one in his house. j
he did have a loaded revolver in his
evercoat pocket. Another pocket was j
filled with gold pieces, another with i
silver and his trousers contained I
several hundred dollars in bills. [
Henry Greenstein, a taxicab dtiver,
of 62 Main Street, Mineola, this after?
noon gave a Tribune raporter a full ac- |
count of the activities of Lebaudy, dur j
ing the two hours before he was killed j
by his wife here Saturday night. '
Laboudy, sportily dre.ssed, appeared i
at the Long Island railroad station at I
Mineola shortly befdfe 5 o'clock Satur- I
day afternoon. A messenger boy from
Manhattan accempanied him, carrying '
a small bundle. ;
"I saw he was looking for a taxicab j
and I started toward him," said Green- J
stein. "but he waved me aside and ap- ?
proached another chauffeur. Lebaudy j
boosted thc messenger boy inside and j
then he jumped in. They had ridden j
only a few feet when Lebaudy com- |
mandcd the chauffeur to stoo and hc
abandoned the car. Hc told the driver
hc didn't like his machine.
Particular About Taxis
"Then they took ^another taxi and
rode about the same distancc when
Lebaudy told the chauffeur the same
thing and jumped out, the messenger
boy after him. I was the only one left
with a machine and hc came to me.
First he asked me for my name and
addresa, then he told me to take him
home. I had taken him around in my
.car before and knew his ways, and so
I acted accordingly.
"We were going pretty fast over
toward ""The Lodge," where hc lived,
when 1 caw some lights flashing in
back of me and I turned around to see
what it was. Lebaudy had an'electric
flesh lamp and was signalling or some
thing out of the window. I told him
it was dark and I couldo't see if he
? was going to do that and he told me to
1 mind my ov/n business, but h<* stopped. |
The messenger boy did not speak it !
word during the trip and I afterward i
learncd Lebaudy had told him not to j
opeh his mauth.
"When we came to The Lodge Le- j
1 baudy, speaking with a French accent, j
j command?*] both thc messenjeer boy '
| and myxclf to remain perfcc.tly still i
until hc had signalled to us to move. ]
He did not go into the house through ;
fhe main entrance, but passed through j
a kitchen door and appeared n minute j
later at thc front door, beckoning to !
us to come in. Maybe we did not start i
quick enough, for she shouted at thc I
j top of his lungs to us and in com- j
j manding tonrs.
Saw Couple Quarreiing
"When I got into the house I uaw i
j Mrs. Lebaudy and hqr husband in thc I
| came room. They were separatod l>y '
| a large dining table and they were |
j quarrelling. In a few seconds Jie was,]
i chasing her and they ran about tho
] table. But suddenly Lebaudy stopped
j and discovered a scuttle of coal in thc
corner of the room.
"'Pick that up,' he shouted to 'mo.,
| I looked straight into hi? eyes and then !
i at Mrs. Lebaudy. She walked toward !
! me and barely whigrjered to me.
'* 'He's erazy, you know; you'a better :
do what he tells you or he'll shoot |
you,'/ M-he said to me, and I thought
tho best thing ! could do under the j
cureumstances was to humor him. I |
pick*d up thc settle of coal and .stood
" *Now walk over to that door and
! wmt,' he eommsnded, pointing to tho i
main door which leiad* to the piazza. |
I did, but before I"could turn Wjy h*-H?l
be was shoutinir to me again. He
tnnrchetl me outside onto the lawn,
folowing me out, ?nd then-made me
af>dink!? the coal about thc lawn,
Ordered Hhntters Torn Off
"l thought h* hsd flnlahed fooling
wtth me *ft?r 1 had emptied the pail,
Continued on page four
Gregory Quits
As Member of
Wilson jCabinet
President Cables His Ae-y
ceptance of Action of
the Attorney General
Pecuniary Reason Given
Leaves Post on March 4;
Fifth to Resign During
Present Administration
I WASHINGTON. Jan. 12. Thomas
j Watt Gregory, Attorney General ofthe
United States since 1914, has resigned
because of "pecuniary responsibilities"
| and will return to the pract.ice of law
j President Wilson has agreed to his re- i
I tireinent next March 4.
I Mr Gregory's letter of resignation. j
| dated January,0, and tlie President's1
reply, cabled from Paris thc next day. j
J were made public to-night at thc White '
House. The Attorney General's letter
diselosed that he had long considered
retirmg from office and had discussed
the matter with the President before '
Mr. Wilson went abroad.
Mr. Gregory's successor has not yet |
been appointed. and there has been no '
official intimation ns to who he will be. !
ln speculation to-day the names of !
Frank L. Polk. Oounsellor of the State <
Department and Acting Secretary while \
Mr. Lansing is in Europe, and Senator !
James Hamilton Lelwis, of Illinois, I
were nientioned.
Discussed Before Wilson Left
Mr. Gregory's letter of resignation ,
"Dear Mr. President:
"In accordance with thc purpose |
expressed in our eonvcrsation just j
before you went abroad, I tender' my
resignation as Attorney General.
"It has been not quite six -years
since I became conected with your
Administration. and more than four
years ago, a few days after was de?
clared by the European nations, I
became a member of the Cabinet. It
can be fairly said that during no
other six years in thc history of our
country have so many great prob?
lems been presented and solvod. The
reflection that at such a time I have
been permittcd to stand by your
side and assist in a modest way in
dealing with those national and in?
ternational issues is now, and will
Continued on page three
Let's See, Wasn't It Cinder
German Papers Call
Roosevelt 'Arch Enemy9
By Arthur S. Draper
Now York Tribune
European Bvmvi,
(Ottpyrlglu, 101?, Xew Yurl; TrlUuna Inc.)
T ONDON, Jan. 1^? German
.-?-' papers devote a large amount
of space to the death of Colonel
Roosevelt, whom they describe as
one of Germany'a bittcrcst ene
mief--, despite the courtesies and
friendship shown him. The hope
is generally expressed that the
. death of this "arch enemy" of
Germany1 in America will make
reconeiliation easicr.
Practicaily all the commenta
tors refer to Colonel Roosevelt as
one of the most extraordinary
men who ever lived.
Paderewski Is
Shot by 6Red,'
Slightly Hurt!
Polish Leader Is Reported to
Have Been Attacked byj
an Assassin in Warsaw
LONDON, Jan. 12.- Iguace Jan Pad?
erewski, the Polish leader, 'has been
slightly wounded by an assassin who i
entered the room at his hotel at War- j
saw and tired one shot at him, accord
ing to an Exchange Telegraph dispatch |
from Copenhagen reporting advices,
from Vienna. Several Bolsheviki im- i
plicated in the plot to kill him have ;
been arrested.. '.
Paderewski's short stay in Poland <
ar.d his journey from Danzig to War- !
saw havo been marked by several dra
matic incidents, of which the attempt'
to assassinate him is the most striking. j
lle. has been in Wafsaw""3nly a few j
days, conferring with Polish political !
leaders on the formation of a govern- j
ment of all parties.
On his arrival in Daniz, the Germans !
sought to interfere with his progress ?
to Posen. On reach ing Posen. and
while he was in his room at hi:> hotel, j
a number of children marching in his
honor were fired upon by Teutor.
troops. Two of the children were
shot and a number of bullets struck
Paderewski's window.
Extremists Oppose Paderewski
It was inevitable that Paderewski
should come into sharp confliet with
the extra mist elements in Poland. Al?
though he has succeeded in impre.ssing
Continued, on page three
ella Who Was Left at Hoi
Records Show
New Facts in
German Guilt
Secret Documents Reveal
Fresh Atrocities Perpe
trated Against Belgium
Full Cavell Story Told
Archives Saved hy Soviet
Leader After Desperate
Effort to Destrov Them
Srw York Tribune
tipectal Cable Service
By Joseph C. Saxe
(CopjThrht; 1010, New Yorl; Trlb.ne Inc.)
BERLIN, Jan. 7.--Documents con?
cerning Gcrmany's occupation of Bel?
gium and northern France have been
gathered for an official inquiry v/hich
may have important bearing on the pre?
liminary peace negotiations and raise
the question of appointing an interna?
tional court of inquiry into war atroc?
ities in acutte form.
The forthcoming publication of se?
cret official documents of the German
Foreign Office concerning diplomatic
events of the days pVeceding the war,
which has caused much interest here
as well as abroad, has almost obscured
the fact that the commission has to
deal with the vastly important archives
of German occupation.
German Secrets Diselosed
Records' of the German political de?
partment in Brussels and of the civil
administration in various provinces in
occupied territory are expected to re?
veal much of interest that has been
thus far known only to those in the
German army who were intimately con
nected with the rule of Belgium.
During'{the rush of evacuation many
ftrfgon loads of these documents were
hurried toward Germany, and in the
latter days of the reticat were scat
tcred over country roads leading from
BelRium. At one time it seemed that
many of the records, especially mili?
tary documents dealing with such cases
as Edith Cavell and Captain Fryatt,
would be spirited away by those inter
csted in suppfessing them.
Due to the energy and private initia
tive of a member of the Berlin Soviet
Committee, however, these documents
escaped oblivion in the early days of
the revolution; This man, Leopold,
subscquently was named on the For
Continucd ou next page
ne lo Scrtih the Floor?
Wilson at Opening of Conference
pARIS, Jan. 12 (By'The Associated Press).?Tlie Supreme Inter
*? Allied Council met at 3 o'clock this afternoon, at the Ministrv of
Foreign Affairs. Those present were President. Wilson; the American
Secretary of State, Robert Lansing; Premier David Lloyd George, and
Foreign Minister A. J. Balfour of Great Britain; Premier Georges
Clemenceau, and Foreign Minister -Stephew Pichon. of France;
Premier Vittorio Orlando. and Foreign Minister Baron Sidney Son
nino, of Italy; and Marshal Foch, Georges Leygues, French Minister of
Marine; Etienne Clementel, Minister of Commerce, and Louis Loueh&v,
Minister of Industrial Reconstruction.
Ledebour Is
Arrested 011
Ebert's Order
Ernst Meyer Also Reported
Jailed - Following Armis?
tice With Berlin "Reds"
! BERLIN, Jan. 11 (7:50 p. rn.), (By
! The Associated Press).?Georg Lede
j bour and Ernst Meyer, Independent
j Socialists, have been arrested by offi
| cers and soldiers. The charge against
them has. not bean made public. Lede
I bour has been one of the mast aci.iva
j leaders against the Ebert government.
; (Noon). -'I'he plant of the "Vor
j Warts" wa* captured by government
troqps this morning in heavy fighting.
Three hun red Sparticides are reported
to have been taken prisoner. More
I than twenty Spartacides were killed
j and forty wounded in the fighting. The
! government losses are said to have
I been slight.
The. building was attacked from ad
joining streets and housetops. The
attacking forces used light artillery,
mine-tbrowers and gas bombs in an all
night bombardment. The Spartacides,
who were barricaded in thc building,
replied with heavy rifle and machine
gun lir?., Peace reigned through<y4J,h^
neighboring district during the bom
Newspaper Row Quiet
Newspaper Row, where the plants of
j the "Tageblatt." "Vossische Zeitung"
| and "Lokal .Anxeiger" are located, was
| temporarily quiet this morning as the
I result of a truce patched up Friday
night between the government forces
i and the Spartacides. The armistice,
| which was not without elertients of hu
! mor, v.-as dictated by thc urgent need
I of the civilian population living in the
j danger .one to#attend to its marketing
I and to afford the business firms in the
i r-eighborhood an opportunity to look
? over the situation.
j &y the terms of the truce hosrilities
! can only.be resumed after twelve hours'
! notiee given by either party.
j The government troops and the Spar
! taeides are dividing the work of patrol
lihg the streets leading to the big pulp
| lishing plants. whose owners are still
j excluded from their property. Street
; traffic in the district was resumed im
i mediately after, the signing of the
! truce.
Says Independants Acccpt
In a speech in Berlin Thursday night ]
Obinrich Sepulz, a former member of |
the Reiehstag and now a member of
the Ebert-Scheidemann government, de- '?
clared that thc Independent Socialists I
had agree-d tt> aceept all the govern-;
ment's conditions for the ending of the !
fighting in Berlin, even to the extent |
of releasing the occupied newspaper;
plants, in return. far. a. postponement ?
for three months of elections to the i
National Assembly. Sepulz declared j
that the Spartacans fear that tlie elec- !
tions will result in their defeat.
Tiie . Tageblatt building -is badly j
scarred from rifle and machine-gun fire ;
and virtually' all the front windows
have been nlown ia*. In the window l
spaces the Spartacans htfve piied up j
rolls of print paper as barricades.
.The losses of the Spartacists during
th. tighting ir, this dtsirtc Friday avo ?
said to have been heavy, while the gov- ]
ernment troops declare that oniy two |
of their men v:ere wounded. *
Auto Filled With Bombs
Friday afternoon a squad of Sparta- '?
cides attempted to enter tlie Tageblatt :
bfcildir.g in a motor car. flying a Red ;
Cross flag on the pretext that they ;
wanted to bring out the dead and
wounded. The .government troops
halted the car and found that the oc
cupants were armed with revolvcrs and
hand grenades.
The Spartacans are said to have lost
twenty dead and forty wounded in the
three days' fighting around the Bren
denbiirg ,gate, at the western end of j
Unter deh Linden.
For a week the greater part of Ger-1
many has been without news from the!
outside worki as a result of the seiz-j
ur'e of the Berlin office of the semi-:
official Wol.fT %Bure_u by the Sparta- j
cists. The German press is dependent. i
upon the. Wolff Bureau for home and'
foreign news ?
Pres? Badly Hampered
The insurp.nte also haltod the pub-'
iieation of half a do.en of the largest
daily nowspapers, and the few pnper?j
that were able to appenv were poorly i
informed ?? to local oceurroheo* and
were without information of happon-1
Continued on- ?<_?' i>age
U. S. IsSaidto
Back Pichon's
Russian Stand
London "Excelsior" De?
clares Britain Opposes
Dealing With Bolsheviki
PARIS. Jan. 1:2. -Though France took
i the initiative ip refusing to deal with
j the Russian Bolshevik government, de
j clares "The Excelsior," the London an.l
I Washington governments made it
j kftown that they "agreed absotutcly
! with the French viewpoint."
j WASHINGTON, Jan. 12.?Great Brit
j ain'a proposal that the Allies and the
j United States enter into negotiations
i with all Russian factions, referred to
j aUParis yesterday by Foreign Minister
J Pichcn, with an emphatic statement
I that France would not deal in any way
j. with "the criminal regime of the Bol
! sheviki," was tran.smitted to the State
j Department hero on January 3 by the
British embassy.
It was not sent to the American peace
j delegation because State .Department
i officials assumed it would be delivered
| directly at Paris, but since it now ap
peais this was not done, it will be for
I wardcd a't onca. .
Secretary Polk E.iplains
Acting Secretary Polk disclosed this
j to-day, correcting a statement he >.ad
| made yesterday when M. Pichon's
| action was brousrht to his attention. Mr.
i Polk issued this statement:
"On Janu-ary 0, thc State Depart
j ment received from the British
j Charge, a memorandum proposing
; that the Allies and the United States
1 call on all the factions in Russia to
t suspend hostilities pending the peace
; negotiations. and that the aioresaid
governments -.ind parties wili imnie
' diately suspend hostilities on al'
; fronts for the duration of the peac?
negotiations. even if thev. or any of
them. should desire to send repre?
sentatives to Paris to discu*-; with
- the great powers conditions of a per?
manent settlement, the
"Great. powers would be prepared j
to enter on sucfe* a discussion with
! tnehi.
! "X'lis message was not. forwarded
! to Paris at that time, as it was ex- '.
I pected that a similar proposal would I
I be presented at Paris, iri view of the
| fact that the Russian question was |
one of the pubjects for immediate I
I attention t.-.ere.. It would seem, how?
ever. from the reports in the news?
papers, that no such proposal was
presented to the American peace mis- |
siou in -Paiis.
"The question was asked me. as I !
understood it. hy a newspaper man j
yesterday afternoon os to whether a J
proposal had been made to have <!ele- j
gates ftom the Bolsheviks attend the |
peace conference and referencc was
made to Mr. Pichon's statement. Not i
having seen Mr. Pichon's statement.
I did not connect the question with j
the proposal referred to in the mem- ;
orandum from the British charge, ;
which had been received bv the de- '?
partment. and l, therefore. replied |
t.liat no such proposal had been re- l
ceived. I wish to assume full re- I
sponsibility for the misunderstand
No Official Comment
No one in Washington is~ preptVred ]
to state what may be tfle attitude of \
President Wilson and the American i
delegation toward the British-sugges-1
tion. It is recalled everywhere, how
tver. that the iTnit>d'""Sf.ates virtually!
Iip.s dechtre'd the Bolsheviki eutlaws by j
ealling upon the civilized world tn joiii
in condemnir.g their reign of terror in !
Where Mr. Poik ref ers to the Brt?sh :
.proposition as an offer on fche part of
'he Great Pcwers to ente;^ into dis- i
cuss ion -with the Russian represrnta-l
t'vrs !f they would eear-e hostilities I
M. Pichon said specificKUy that the pro- ;
p*>fal wns to permit the sending of dele?
gates to thc neae'e conference iioon the '
conditions named. I
Turks Seek Allied Aid
Greek Papers Say League Ap
peals Arc Subterfuge
SALONTKI. Jan. 10.- -Greek and Ar?
menian newspapers in Turkey. accord?
ing to reports from Constantinople, as
sert that political learues are* beine
formed in the Turkish capital to urge
that Turkey be placed under the pro?
tection of one of the leading Allied
powers. Each league urges that a dif?
ferent power should have control.
Greek and Armonian newspaoers de
clare the Turks believe they can thus
escape punishment.
Greek and Armenian patriarchs in i
Turkey have as,ked Turkey to return
Greek and Armenian children taken by I
Tuks during the war. There has been i
no responr.e to the request.
PARIS, Jan. 12. The "Matin" pub- ;
Hshea a letter from Chekri Ganem,
President of the Syrian Committee, to
Premier Clepteneoau askinff that Cle
menoeau "demand at the peace congress
that France be given chai"?s of the re
constitution of al) Syria upder a regime
of federated auto'nomous statcs.'* j
W: 9PS ?
Armistice j
Extension ?
First Taslt1
Further Occupaucy of
German Territory Like
lv To Be Demanded
Four Big Nations
Drafting Prologue
Formal " Parley Opcns
To-day; Recasting of
Europe May Take Year
Xew Tork Tribune
Special Cable Scit-icc
By Bampton Hunt
lCovsr'.iht. 1910, .New Tork Trlbuue Inc)
? PARIS. Jan. 12.- At last order has
? begun to emerge from chaos. Aftor
I all these weeks of speculations, asser
| tior.s. contradictions and doubte. afte.
| the fixings and changings of dates and
I the cxasperating uncertainties. we face
j one definite fact in the preparationa
i for thc peace conference. The first
| real, formal official meeting of the
j Prime Ministers and Foreign Ministers
, of Ameriea, France, Great Britain and
; Italy is now taking place -they are sit
1 ting definitely as the formal prologue
It is the greatest international coun
j cil the world ever has seen. This
j council that is to bring peace to tha
| world aftcr the world's most awful war
j convened at 3 o'clock this afternoon.
: It is meeting ja one of the nobly ap
? pointed rooms of the French Foreign
j Office. ovcrlooking the floodcd Scinc.
Will Recast Europe's Map
At. this meeting will be taken the
j first steps to recast the map of Turope
: which Germany four and a half years
j ago tore up in her magalomaniacal
? rage. Three months from now may see
| the rough. main outlines of that neiv
| map splashcd in ar.d tbe signatures
J fixed to the preliminajy peace treaty
j that will decide the fate of Germany
! ond her accomplices for a centurv to
i vvelve months from nov.-, if tbe his
i toric prccedents and opinions of many
i experts can be accepted as worthy of
j credence, may see the map completed
j and the tremendous-treaty that shall
[guarantee its durability finally signed.
To-day's meetifig at the Quai d'Orsay
will be devoted to the discussion of
Vvo niain subject?. The first and most
prossing of these will, of course, be
the question of a further extension of
the armistice.
Germany Hasn't Complied
It was understood on December 13,
when the original terms of the armis?
tice were extended another month,
namely, until January 17. that "this
prolongation would be further extend?
ed until the signatures had been fixed
to the preliminary peace treaty, sub?
ject to the assent of the Allied gov?
The reasons necessary for the exten?
sion 0/ the armistice lie, of cours.t, in.
the fact that the Germans !^v/ nOt
complied. or only partly j^rplied,
either with the conditiorj^ focjt laid
down or with the suppleBfJ?/:/.ry ones
imposed when th_ armistir/was . ex?
tended. The chief one oi thos?; :,oij
ccrns the delivery of railway M^nes,
and particularly cars. of wfttch only a
fraction of tho3e stipulated for have
been handed over.
Thc compliance with this condition
is extremely important, especia1ly,te
France, whose internal transportatlori
system is at present tied up to an Irr
crediblo degree tbv%..gh sheer lack of
rolling stock. This is largely duo to
the non-dclivcry by Germany of the
engines and cars cftlled for under the
conditions of thc armistic.
France Short 30,0.0 Cars
The extra demands of transportation
in newly ocupied territories to meet
the army and civilian requirements has
resulted in no fewer than 30,000 raij
way cars being taken out of the inter?
nal transportation service to comper.
sate for thc non-delivery of the GfV?
man cers.
In-consequencc cf this. the French
are far worse of? now for wheat. winw,
tobacco, foodstuffs and commodities of
all kinds than before the armistice.- rs
there is no mcans of movinjr the goods
with which every port is eboked. Tia?
Germans must be required. it is held
here. to pay for this deftult. which
has given France enormous dimcultw*"
Tha conditions for the extension of
the armistice, it is believed, will aleo
certainlv take ir.t^ consideration the
situation on thc Eastern frontiers ot
Germany and Grrmany's responsibility
To Kurt her Curh German;
Quettiona to be settled in to-d.iv'*
meeting of the Entente premiers and
forojgn ministry concern the decision
ns to what will inciude further condi?
tions that shall be imposed upon Gn*

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