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Paid for Diial Siibwavsiii'18 j Annual Report of Puhlir Service Commission Sets Forth Facts and Figures <>:* Miles of Track Added 1,975,482,316 Passengers Paid $97,394,225 in .Farrs Diirinu thc \ ear !u point of value of transit lines placed in operation, 1918 was ? ner year since the dual subway con? tracts were entered into in 1913, ac? cording to the twolfth annual report of the Public Service Commission of ih,- lst District, embracing the City of Now York. presented to the State Leg? islature last night. Thc cost to construct these lines was $103,000,000, exclusive of thc cosl of the equipment used on them. Great hope is expressed for the completion of many lines during the year of 1919. All thc work for thc coming year, how? evcr, is dependent upon the Board of Estimate and Appoftionment, the re? port points out. .Some of the new rapid transit lines placed in operation in 15*18 were; Thc city-owned Broadway subway, from l'nion Squaro to Times Square and from Canal Street- to Whitehall Street; the city-owned Seventh Avenue sub? way, including the Battery and tbe Wall and William street branches; thc city-owned Lexington Avenue sub? way, including the Jerome Avenue branch aml part of the Pelham Bay Bark branch, Despite difficulties incurred by war conditions. the new dual subway sys? tem is practically 75 ner cent com? plete, shys the rcpor'. N'ew lines opened during 191S added sixty-three track miles to the 217 track miles in operation at the beginning of the y< ar. $377,000,000 Disbursed in 1918 Continuing, the report states tha' "tho City of Xew Vork and the two operating companies (.the Interborough and the B. R. T.) had expended, to the end of 1918, the enormous sum of $377,000,000 on account of thc duai sys teni ot" rapid transit. The city ancl thc two companies disbursed during the year $48,000,000 on account of construc? tion and equipment of the new lines, the city's portion of the expenditun.ing for construction alone and amounting to $19,000,000. For the year the ex? penditures of the Interborough Rapid Transit Company were $24,000,000 ann included contribution to com of city owned lines and payments toward tho construction of company-owned lines and equipment of all lines. The expen? ditures of the New York Municipal Railway Corporation (B. R. T.) for similar purposes reached a total of $5, 000,000 during 1918. improvements to the first subway during 1918 cost the City of New Vork $358,580.42." It is predicted that two new tunnel lines between Brooklyn and Manhattan. nearing completion, will bc opened dur? ing 1919. These are the Clark Street tunnel and the Whitehall-Montaguc Street tunnel the first a part of the Interborough system, and ;; rart of thc B. R. T. system. The I lark Street tunnel line forms a con between thc William Street branch of the West Side Sul ?. ;. ai i thi ex tii Interborough line Brooklyn. It is hoped to gel tl j line ready for use late in the spring or earlj in the sum mot. The Montague Street tunnel line, whi< li will provi le ? i betw-een the Fourth Avenue subway in Brooklyn and the Broadway subway in Manhattan, will probably be completed during the summer or early fall, and %v i: I '? ?P? ??-??'< in greal i art by train ; ol tne Brighton Beach line, which are from h Fulton Sl rect elevated sti uct m (1 ratioi of this conni ction of the so-called Bi ghton Bi ach sub *a--' ( ' >n ar.d St Malboni Street and believe I he same time. ." hai bei n e timati d bv the com n?>f?">n '???'? '?* the Board of Estimate grantii - of the re than $20,000 000 of the remaining $25,000,000 worth of Zw v ' he do...,- can be let be? fore the end of the summer <?' 1919 ng contraci i i\:'.r<- \s upward voi $2O;C00,0O0 worth of work sIomm bedope to allow to 1 plac id ?? operation. Passenger increase 56,670,087 in the report re xerai to the increaBe in traffic upon rapid transit lines during 1918 fhe 670ft?7nCr?aSu for ''"?'? year was 56, ?'n8 ? ? ' ? Workers of 77s. or fiv2 in 1917. total number of fares collected upon he street railroads, not including team-transportation lines, was ' L918.812.22G for ,4iv oj, ' ^,ly.t.average of n,il's w?? W2'280- ^" ? the amount paid to thi several companies in passenger farei ?2>8 " $2,843, ?w?. or three per cent. a much gi .U""K 1918, thi ? for the rapid - being 1.105, _k-."'" ? 1917 Sten? 87.?'1,3'666. an , ? 10.. w?,033. A great increase in the num oy ?. passengers using thc elevated : a re? markable drop in ? * ?t 1 - ' ' ding on the elevated and subway hnca of the Interborough "n Manhattan and the Bronx, with bi. do creawa .., number ol pas e^igcrs car l l ?" ' ' in Brooklvn and futures in the traffic statistics for The largest single increase for the IZT Wr upZ thfl B 'r- T- elevated 44-mV- 'i <Z /:'' lncr?*?? Of 31, r,,,"i ','' ???" "?' i,n'1 Manhattan ULX-a?2,nd r:,"i ? ?otal or ?"?'; . ;' gTOWth for the M?ro r.79U99 The total traffic on f__rtS f"! *"&?*?* "f 3,-80,575, while thc total traffic on Interborough *ub way. wa* 418,837 M6, the largest show? ing for any single system. but an in iraaaeot onfy 4 148474. Surface rail? road line* $,, Brooklyn nnd Queens ?i a decrease oi 20.000,000 oas '?/;-?.< during j'jja, but this was off. ??? b> .!,-.m.. . 0 , lurface roads in Manhattan and tha Bronx amountinir to ?ton tbai ::o.ooo,ooo. gurfgea linas ln Kichrnorid harciy held their own. W.693,358.1.1; r;*p<-n*<-* ?f Commission At th" tni hi tha sraar, tha employes of th* commission, lh?l iding '-v.-r 40o absent on w;!r duty. numbered \y>'.>\ Hjtaiur.t }/.,;, tha close of J!>|7. 'Jhi I number is below the necessary working; force required -4o carry forward its i work, especialiy that relating to rapid ; transit, and represents in part a re duction forced upon tlie commission by i act of the Board of Estimate and Ap : portionment in reducing its linancial allowance. The total expenditures for the cal? endar ycar amounted to $2,693,358.15, j of which $2,159,016.78 was met from the city treasury and the remainder, 533, 741.42, paid by the state. The portion paid hy the city represents expendi? tures for nnd on behalf of rapid tran ?: construction and the smaller sum the regulatory exnenses of the com mission. A large part of the amount I'-ik' by the city will eventually be re funded into the cost of rapid transit construction and amortized from the earnings of ihe dual system. 1.500 Jobs Awaiting Discharged Soldiers on B. R. T.. Says Col. Piper The Brooklyn Rapid Transit will ; employ 1,500 more mcri as soon as they can he obtained, in order to improve the serviee, it was announced yester ! day. Lindley M. Garrison, receiver of i the line, yesterday appointed Colonel j A. R. Piper, formerly a government official in charge o;" all lnovement of freight through Xew Vork to France, as superintendent of employment for the system. Colonel Piper declared that he would try to supply the deficiency as largely as possible with men who have been recently released from military serviee. "The company has been in a very difficult position because ot' war condi? tions." he said. "The very class ef men the company most wanted to keep was the one which went into the gov I ernment serviee lirst. Under these circumstances it was necessary to om ploy many men who in ordinary times would no; have been given jobs." Colonel Piper, who is also president oi the South Brooklyn Railway Com? pany, a B. R. T. subsidiary, said that although women would bc retainod in the serviee where they had been found - satisfactory, for the most part the new jobs would be given to men. : Mr. Garrison, Chairman Travis 11. Whitney, of the Pubiic Serviee Com? mission, and Corporation Counsel Burr, for th*' city administration, will com I plete their plans to-day for presenta | tion before Judge Julius M, Mayer in I the United States District Court,' when tiie question of making the receivership | permanent and the appointment of co ? receivers come up I'or hearing to m, rrow. Garrison to-morrow will present a . comprehensivo report on the financial condition el' tlie B. R, T. system, to? gether with specitic recommendatioYis for improvement in the serviee. Ai; that time. he intimated, he would reply to the?Public Serviee Commission criti? cisms of the high salaries allowed to the B. R. T. officials by Carrison and thc 'act that his inspection tours were made in their company. It was intimated yesterday that al? though tlie city administration and tlie Pubiic Serviee Commission have been waging a bitter fight on the traction situation it was not improbablc that they wouid he able to unite on one man to represent both bodies as a co-re ci iver. Controller Craig, it is believed, would be satisfactory to both parties, hut tlie identity of the joint leceiver will not be t.yken up formally until the hearing. ! Higher Car fares in Detroit May Folloiv Supreme Court Ruling WASHINGTON, Jan. i:;. Fedcral court decyoQB upholding an ordinanco fixing the rate of streetcar fares in Detroit ar.d dismissing proceedings brought by the Detroit United Railway to restrain its enforcement were set aside to-day by the Supreme Court, which hold that the company was en? titled to a reasonablc return on its investment. Thc case was remanded : for further proceedings. The Supreme Court held that the lower court erred ir. not hearing the case on its merits, and deciding whether a reasonablc return was de? nied. Justice Holmes, Brandeis end Clark dissented. 'I he case resulted from the company's efforts to raise fares after the War Labor Board had increased the maxi? mum wage rate for its employes from forty to forty-eight cents an hour and recommendeel ?n advance in fare to meet higher operating costs. This award of ihe board, the companv claimed, added $2,000,000 annually to its linancial burdens. Petitions asking for permi.ssion to increase its fare were denied by the 1 itj Council, which shortly afterward passed nn ordinancft fixing a rate schedule. This, the company claimed, was confiscatory, although city officials denied the contention. The company then instituted proceedings to restrain the city from enfdrqing the measure. 7: deciding lh- case thc Supreme Court declined to go into the award of the War Labor Board, but confined its attention wholly to the merits of the suit. Ordinances pasqed in 1899 by the city of Columbus. Ohio, requiring the Federal Gas and Fuel ( ompany to pay annually into the city's general exponse fund 7) pcr cent. of the gross amount received for the cale of gas to citiens was iu effect upheld to-day by the Su? preme Court. lAinehroom Workers Plan Fight to Keep Wages High W iil Strike if Necessary to Pre? vent Reversion to Pre-War Conditions Workers in the smaller lunch rooms j and re s tau ran ts of Xew York took ac- ! tion last night to prevent employers ' from forcing upon them pre-war wages i and working conditions. Plans were formulated at n meeting ; of the Xational Federation of Lunch | ; Room and Restaurant Employes to maintain- the present standard of pay and obtain a shorter working day. Do mands will bc made upon the rcstau j rant keepcra soon, and if ausurances' are not quickly forthcoining a ger.eral , | Ktrike will be called. It was state*: by officials of the or- i ganization last night that the 20,000 ; countermen, cooks and dishwashers in ' toros complain that with the ar- i riva! of a larger hupply of help em- i ploycrs wore insisting that their work? ers accept lower pay and longer hours. , Advertisements, th?y declared, were i calling for workers at wages just half j i tha prevailing rates. "A crisis ih our situation has been . reached," said Henry Lachow, who pre- | ifded at ha?t night's meeting. "The proprletors hav:- ariticlpatod our move by orgunizing a counter league, but i our federation is strong and we ahall SOOn force them to the wall. "During the war wages for counter? men reached $80 a week, und cooks re? ceived as much an $40. Lunch con eerns are said to be advertising for countermen ut $15 a woek, and they want. these men to work seventy-two hours a wraek. We *hall demand a forty-eight hour working week, one day off in seven, and th<; present scule of pay." ^ Taking Liquor To Dry Stares Held Illeoal Supreme Court Declares Reed Amendment Valid; Two of Justices Dissejit Say Personal Rights Hil I McReynolds and Clarke ; Assert Congress Cannot Regulate Local Issues WASHINGTON, Jan. 13. Statutes of I "dry" states permitting persons to im ! port or personally bring in limited ; amounts of intoxicants for their own ' use were in effect nulliiied by the so . called "Reed bone dry" amendment en j acted by Congress, the Supreme (Sourt held to-day, in an opinion reversing I the Federal court for the Southern j District of West Virginia. Justice McReynolds, in a dissenting , opinion, in which Justice Clarke con ? curred, held that the Reed amendment ; was not an interstate commerce regu latory measure, but a direct meddling with state affairs, and as such purely bcyond the power of the Federal gov? ernment. The case came up o-n an appeal of ] thc government from the lower court decision dismissing proceedings brought against Dan Hill for carry ing a quart of liquor into West Virginia for his personal use, as permitted by the state law. The trial court held that such. trans I portation did not come within thc ' meaning of the Reed amendment. which, it held. was intended to apply only to actual shipments of liquor. The Supreme Court renianded the case for trial. State Rights Denied. In rendering the majority opinion Justice Day said: "ln view of the authority of the Con? gress over thc subject matter and the enactment of previous legislation om bodied in the Wilson and Webb Kenyon laws, we have no question that Congress enacted this statute because of its belief that in statcs prohibiting the sale and manufacture of intoxicat ing liquors for beverage purposes the facilities of interstate commerce should be denied to the introduction of intoxicants by means of interstate commerce, except for the limited pur? poses permitted in tiie statute which have nothing to do with liquor when used as a beverage. "That the state saw lit to permit the introduction of liquor for personal use in limited quantity in nowise in terferes with the authority of Con gress, acting under its plenary powers over interstate commerce, to make the prohibition against interstate shipmenl contained in this act, lt may exerl its authority, as in the Wilson and Webb-Kenyon ads, having in view the laws of the state, but. it has a power of its own, which in this instance il has exerted in accordancc with its view of pubiic policy. "When Congress exerls its authority in a matter within its control state laws must give way, in view of the superior power conferred by the Con? stitution." McReynolds Dissents. Justice McReynolds said in dissenl ing: "The Reed amendment in no proper sense regulates interstate commerce, but is a direct intormeddling with the state':; inteninl affairs. Whether re garded as reward or punishmenl for wisdom or I'olly in cnacting limited prohibition, the amendment sn con strued, I think, goes beyond Federal power; and to hold othcrwise opens possibilities for partial and sectional legislation which may destroy proper control of their own affairs by the sev? eral states. "If Congress may deny liquor to those who live in a state simply be cau-o its manufacture is not permitted there, why may not this be done for any suggested reason, namely, because the road.; are bad or men are hanged for murder or coals are dug? Where i s the I i m i t ? "The Reed amendment ns now con- \ strued is a Congressional fiat imposing more complete prohibition wherever the state has assumod to prevent the manufacture or sale of intoxicants." Thirty-two States Affected The Supreme Court's ruling on ihe Reed amendment will affect the follow? ing dry states, !!". in number: Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, Colo? rado, Florida, G lorgia, Idaho, Indiana Kansas, low;,, Mississippi, Michigan, Montana, Maino, North Dakota. North Carolina, Xew Hampshire, Xew Mexico, Xehraska. Nevada, Ohio, Oklahoma! Oregon, South Dakota, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia and Wyom ing. ln addiii >n, tho court's ruling affects also the District of Columbia, Alaska, and Porto Rico. Washington Indorses Dry Laiv; California Also Joins Column] WASHINGTON, Jan. 13.?Thc Cali? fornia Legislature completed ratifica tion to-night of the proposed Federal prohibition amendment when the As-1 sembly adopted a resolution already! approved by the Senate. Tiie vote was 48 to 28. Thc State < f Washington also rati fied the anier.dment te-day, bringing the total number of states which have' acted- favornbly to twenty-three. Fourteen more states must ratify thc amendment before it becomes oll'ec- i tive. The following so far have lined i ,jp with thc drys: Kentucky, Virginia,; Mississippi, South Carolina, North Dakota, Marybuid, Montana, Arizona,: Delaware, Texas, South Dakota. Mas sachusetts, Georgia, Louisiana, Florida, Michigan, Ohio, Oklahoma, Maine, Tennessee, West Virginia and Wash- ! ington. Favorable action by the Indiana ' House of Representatives to-morrow will add that state to the list, ns the Senate ratilied the amendment to-day by a vote of >11 to tl, Several other ; States aro expected to act on the mat? ter to-morrow when their legislaturos convene. Colorado's Senate has passed favornbly on the measure and the House of Representatives is expected to reach a decision when the bill is brought up for the_third reading soon. Decision of Supreme Court Pleases Local Prohibition Leaders Prohibition leaders here said yester? day they regarded the action of the United Statcs Supreme Court in up holding the Rced "bone dry" amend? ment a signal victory for prohibition, Tho decision, according to members of the Anti-Saloon League of New York, makes a "bone dry" area of all prohi? bition territory. Rollin 0. Everhart, editor of "The American Issue," the official qrgan of the league, declared that the court's ac? tion gave the prohibition forces. "an? other good laugh on Senator Reed," who, according to the editor, intro? duced the amendment merely to cause confusion, if possible, in the "dry" ranks. "The Reed provision," said Mr. Ever? hart. "was an amendment to the postal appropriation act passed in 11*17. It roads in part as follows: "'Whoever shall order, purchase or cause intoxicating liquors to be trans ported in interstate commerce, except t'or scientific, sacramental, medicinal or mechanical purposes, into any state or territory. the laws of which state or territory prohibit the manufacture or sale then in of intoxicating liquors for beverage purposes, shall be punished as aforesaid.' "This amendment," continued Mr. Everhart, "was introduced toy a Sen? ator whose sympathies were with the liquor traffic. It was the theory ofthe liquor interests that prohibitiomsts .lid not want. or would not accept, the 'bone dry' condii ion. "To Senator Reed's great astonish nient. however. the prohibitiomsts ac cepted it. pressed it through to eilact ment and have fought to sustain it. The amendment has been a great help. because it. really makes a 'bone dry state of .-very prohibition state. The ioke. it would seem, is now on Senator Reed. "While ii has been recognized and enforced as a law, the Supreme Court opinion concerning bringing liquor into 'dry' states. even for personal use, gives it additional power. It is a great victory for prohibition." The Arkansas House of Representa? tives pased to-day the Federal prohi? bition amendment by a vote of 02 to ". The measure now goes to the Senate. Union Asfcs Wilson To Lift Bcer Ban Aml LelMeu Work Brewery Order Now Unnec? essary, It Contends, While Unemployment Problem Grows Diflirnlt The Central Federated Union sent an appeal to President Wilson yester? day. requesting him to lift the ban on brewing beer. The communication, formulated as a resolution during a conference of thc union, suggested that inasmuch as sus pension of thc brewing industry was adopted as a war measm-e, there was no further necessity for thc order and its continued en force ment, at t'nis lime only served further to aggravatc thc already difficult u nem pioy ment, proh 1 e m. The resolution, mndc public by Ernest Bohm, secretary t^ thc organi ::at ion, reads: "Whereas, Since il is apparent that conspicuous among thc problems in volved in lhe work of reconstruc? tion is tluit of thc growing number <'i unemploycd, it behooves us to consider the elimination, so far as possible, of all sources of enforced idleness; and, '"Whereas, Thousands of wage carners have been deprived of em? ployment, with their numbcrs being daily added to, as the incvitable re? sult of the order ot thc President of the United States. which took ef? fect December 1, 1918, suspending brewing of malt liquors for an in definite period, having for its pur? pose the conserving of food materials a i war measure; and. "Whereas, Although the war has ended. economy in use of food ma terials must still be practiccd, it is aparent. however, that whatever conservation may bc effected, thc continuancc of this order must operate to increase unemployment al home. due t i the sudden termina tion of the war. which could not. have boi n forcsecn at thc time of its is? suance; "Resolved, That. this conference, representing mcn and women wago e .nn rs of Cne State of Xew York. respectful'y urge the President of tlie I'nited States, to revoke this order, and that a certified copy of this resolution be forwarded to him and to the food administrator at Wash? ington, Ii. C. Mr. Bohm said thc American Labor Party, m which he is a leader, has made anti-prohibition one of the im? portant issues in its campaign as a reconstruction mesure. He fell the lifting of the ban on this order would assure a! leasl 1,000,000 workers' of jobs and do much to ease unemploy? ment difficultii s. Kockhiii'] Couniy Homes Opened to II. S. Soldiers Tho Rockland County Welfare Asso? ciation, through its chairman, Mrs II Durant Rose, of New City, X. V? an? nounced yesterday that it had arranged for convalesccnt soldiers, sailors and marines to spend one or two weeks in the country without cost. The only stipulation made by the association is that tho men must have clean iccords in the service. Rockland County, the association points out, is noted as a health resort. Returning men in the service, it adds ure often prevented from going back into the industrial world because they are still convalesccnt when discharged These men the association hopes to aid m regaining their health by open? ing the homes of Rockland County to them. Information regarding the iocation ol the homes and the train service may bc had by addressing a letter to Mrs. Rose. Applications will be in-' vestigated as prompily as possible -* Misfortune Hannts Family '? "Harveys" Are Visited by Death, Illness aml Farjnine Misfortune seems to have ?ingled out ' the "Harvcy" family. Thc father died ol heart trouble in September, after a long ilrnesB, which used up all of the family savings, leaving his* wife and, live children destitute. The youngest ' child is a mere infant of seven months ! and Mrs. "Harvey" has been in poor health over since its birth. Two of tho children must be operated on for' deformed legs, and the other three aro' badly in need of a nourishmg diet as they are just recovoring from the'in (luonza. Ihe Brooklyn Bureau of Chari ties is looking after all these matters ; nnd appeals ior largo or small contri? butions toward a fund of $200 for the i pressing needs of the family. Contri? butions may ho sent to thc bureau nt| 69 Schermerhorn Street, Brooklyn, markod "For 401 TR." ! Want U. S. to Buy Mexican Soil SACRAMENTO, Cai., Jan. 13. A joint resolution urging tho purchn.so of Lower California, tho Coronado Islands and portions of. the State o-f Sonora, Mexico, contiguous to the Colorado River was introduced in the California Legislature to-day. The resolution requestod Congress to urjre the President. to initiate negotia? tions with MexUo. atch the ros ? a3* *3? a ClCtS of 1919 are iden StaiTlDS ^ca' w^^ ^ose ?^ 1918. ThriftStamps bought in 1918 may be exchanged for War Savings Stamps of the new issue on the same basis as last year. No new Thrift Card is necessarv. r Savings for the con (Issueof venience of 1919) ... the pubiic are somewhat smaller in size than the 1918 issue, are blue in color and carry a portrait of Benjamin Franklin, the great American advocate of sensible spending. Except in appearance, how? ever, War Savings Stamps of the new issue are unchanged from those of last year. They can be purchased from the same agencies which sold the 1918 issue. They cost $4.1 2 in January and one cent additional each month throughout the year. On January 1, 1924, the Government will pay you $5.00 for each War Savings Stamp of this issue. This rep? resents interest on your money at 4 per cent, compounded quar? terly. ar SavingS do not have Stamps (Issueof to be cashed ln or con verted to the new issue. Save them! The Government will pay you Five Dollars for each one you hold on January 1 , 1923, whether your card is filled or not. ew are necessary for your Cards '919 War Savings Stamps. Do not paste the new blue stamps on your old 1 91 8 W. S. S. card. Ask for a new card when you buy your first stamp of the new issue. [aximiim ln addition to the ingr amount bought during 1918, you may purchase a maximum of $1,000 worth of War Savings Stamps during 1919. You may purchase this maximum for each member of your family. uild for American Prosperity and your own buccess Keep Your Liberty Bonds and W. S. S. WAR LOAN ORGANIZATION Second Federal Reserve District War Savings Dept., 120 Broadway, New York Keep on uying S. S.