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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, January 15, 1919, Image 5

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Ford 'Eagles'
Months Behiml
In Dcliverics
Admiral Taylor Tells Sen?
ate Committee 0>st Was
Over First Estimates
Profit Waiver OftVrod
Only Three 'Destroyers' Got
to Atlantic Ocean Before
Armistice Was Signed
By Theodore M. Knappcn
v, ?' lor!.- Tnlimir
H ashington Bun au
? WASHINGTON, Jan. 14. Thc lord
Eagles investigation by thc Senate
Naval Affairs Committee started to?
day and the result, :-o far as the day's
evidence- went. was paraliel to almost
al! thc other war productio.. contracts
so far investigated. As usual. the only
"scanda!" brought out was the indis
rutablc fact thnt production did not
proceed as rapidlj as promiscd and
that co>t is greater than estimated.
Admiral Taylor ot' tbe Navy Bureau
of Construction and Repair was on ihe
stand throughout the session and about
thc only fault he found with thc
fiagles jol> was that the dcliverics
were about sixty to ninety days be?
hind schedule. This, be said, was true
of practically all work for the navy
during thc war.
He attributcd the discrcpancy in time
between promise and performanee to
the general failure of contractors to
make due allowance for the extraordi
nsry conditions under which they had
tc work during the war.
Three Got to Ocean
Thc Ford schedule called for one of
the Eagle type of subm-rinc destroy?
ers at the end of July, ten in August.
twenty in September and thereafter
twenty-iive a month. Actually the first
one was completed in October. Seven
left the Ford plant for the sea before
the Great Lakes froze up, and of these
enly three escaped the ice and reached
the Atlantic. Arrangements had been
made, had the war continued, to as
semble the Eagles at Kearny, N. J.,
during the winter at the rate of ten
to twenty a month. At present. there
arc five completed Eagles at Detroit
in addition to the seven mentioned, and
there are twenty-one of the little de?
stroyers on the ways. Considered as
a whole. the work on the Ford contracts
'to build 112 Eagles was two-thirds
completed when the armistice was
signed. Of the 112, 100 represented tlie
original order given last January and
twelve were subsequently added for
thc Italian government. Only sixty all
told would not be completed.
. Noise Hampered Detcctors
Explaining the origin and develop?
ment of the Eagles, Admiral Taylor ex
plained that the navy had for some
time been considering the development
of a type of war vessel intermediate
between the 110-foot wooden sub?
marine chasers and the standard de?
This type was especialiy desired in
tonnection with the use of the sub?
marine detector. The detector was
efficient only when the machinery of
the vessel was still. For that reason
the regular destroyers were not suit
?ble for them, and it was at first
planned to use Dicsel instead of steam
engines, but that idea was abandoncd
because of the difficulty of building
Dieselb in this country and because it
was found that with proper arrange
ments and drill it was possible in
stantly to stop all machinery on thc
Eagles, even though the power was
On January 14 the Ford Motor Com?
pany, through the medium of a long
telegram, submitted a definite proposi?
tion to build the 200-foot stc-e': Eagles
at an estimated cost of $275,000 each.
They were toid to go ahead on January
17 and the formal contract war. signed
some months later.
Profit J'20,000 Each
The Ford comsanv was to receive
a profit of $20,000 on each vessel and
* bonus of one-fourth of any saving on
tbe estimated price. The government
was to stand in addition the cost of
crtcting the shipbuilding plant at
River Rougc, the company having an
option to purchas. the plant at the
end of the work. This plant cost $3,- j
Burleson Upholds Control
Of Wires as Need of lhiblie
Poslmasler General WriWs in Henry Ford's Ncws
paper Long Defence of llis Actiou in Taking
Over Companies-Calls !t a Constitutioiial Rijrlit
Special Corn spondence
' DETRO) !'. Jan. 1 1. Under the cap
tion, "Should lhe Nation Operate thc
W ires?" t'ostmaster General Burleson
contributcs under his own signaturc an
interesting theory regarding (lu- gov
ernmcnl ou nership plan, as applied to
, the telephone and telegraph systems of
the I'nited States, in the lirsl issue of
Henry Ford's weekly, "Tho Dearborn
I Independent."
"Xo new theory is advanced by thc
: proposition for government ownership
of thc telephone and telegraph systems.
II ii not .1 departure from !he estal
lished principles of our govcrnmont,"
j the article says.
"Any .tustilication for pormitting the
wire service to be permancntly oper?
ated .i an enterprise for private gain
1 must bc bnstd on an assumption that
thc telegraph and telephone are not in
, dispcnsable agencic; of contmunica
: tion.
"If the wire service is granted to be
? sent ial ?o i he business and ucial in
tercoursc of the public and necessary
to the devolopment of thc country, lhe
proprii ty of government ownership and
operation is at once established, The
government has authority by provision
i the Constitution over the transmis
sion of intelligonee. The wire service
j has no other utility than that of inter- |
changing communications, and if it is i
? te.ntial to such interchange it comes
within thc i rovince of tbe government.
"The same reasons exist for govern
| ment ownership and control of elec
trical communication as for that by let?
ter post. Any argument against gov
! rnment-owm d telegraph and telephone ?
systems would apply as woll to the I
letter rr,>t rervice. It would bc as
reasonable to intrust tlie mails to the
i xpediencii s of privato conveyance at i
prolit-earning rates^of postage as to
so treat the wire service.
"The telegraph and telephone consti
i tute a public utility of universal neces
sity to which the entire puhlic are en
. tiiled on thc most reasonable terms
possible, and to be efficient the systems
< must be connected throughout all their
extensions, as in the postal service,
and not bo maintained as separate and
independent units limited to areas ol
; profitable operation. As a single sys?
tem covering the entire country, tho
! service must of necessity be a monopoly
As such a monopoly of a public utility
performing a government function, it
should be operated for the public ser?
vice and convenience, not for private
I pretir.
Upheld by U. S. Court
"There is an unbroken line of author
,' ity for governmental control of ti-ans
| mission of intelligence, extending from
the date of the foundation of lhe gov
? ernment through every period in thc
nation's d.velopment.
"In a unanimous opinion of tho
| Supreme Court it. was declared that
| 'both commerce and the postal service
500,000. Admiral Taylor thought the
? government would get back 60 or 70
per cent of this investment.
Thc Navy Department estimate now
iv that the vessels would cost about
$425,000 and tlie Ford estimate about
$375,000. Unlikc the experience with
mo t other similar cost plus fee con?
tracts, Admiral Taylor said that the
department had made no advanccs to
tlie Ford company on capital invest
'? ,-ient and had paid it no profit money.
i The company attended lo its own
financing and now has about $10,000,000
of its money invested on Navy Depart?
ment account, whereas one of tho
; standard destroyer contractors still
owed the government $7,000,000 on ad
vances, he said.
Offered to Waive Gain
Ir. regard to Mr. Ford promising to
I do tne work without profit, Admiral
Taylor said that he had stated at the
outsel of thc negotiations that he
j wouid like to take the contract without
? any profit to the company, bul found
that owing to his,relations with minor
'?? ity stockholders that would be impos?
sible, so he announced that profits ac
1 cru:i4; to his stock. 58 per cent of the
I whole, would not be asked for, or if
paid, would be returned to the gov?
ernment. Senator Swanson informed
the committee that hc was authorized
by Mr. Ford's counsel to state that this
j was his offer and that hc expected to
comply with it.
Admiral Taylor said that tho Ford
company had prosecuted the work with
great energy. but because of its lack
of experience in shipbuilding, delays
v-Si-r^'/TW/ INST,TyTTOW*
Browning^fKing & ?
A Browning King ?
ol Winlcr Suits Infeitde
Ellcct a Speedy Clea
the Balance ol our S
There are 18 Suils which were S20.1
281 Suits?All now in one
"Choice of the House" Sale at
Models eitouuti fo flt any figure.
And Styles enougti to suit any Individual oreference.
Thia Sale \h tit our Cooper Square Store Only.
Cooper Square ?i 51 li Street.
arc placed within thc powers of Con
| gross, because. being national in their
operation, they should be under thc
protccting control of ihe national gov?
ernment.' In this opinion it is lirld
thal the powers sc granted arc nol con?
fined to lh ? instrunicntalities known or
I in use when the Constitution was
adopted. 'They extend,' the court says,
'from thc horsc with thc ridcr to the
steamboat, from tho coach and the
iteamboal to thc railroad, and from thc
railroad to the telegraph.'
"lt 7 bardly legitimatc to hase argu
menl in oni osition of government own
ership ol' tho wire systems upon an
objection t- thc government's entering
into competition with private enter
l'i.' sincp there is no serviee possible
through these systems, save that 0f
tran.sniiti.ins intelligence, which is a
govornm* ntal function. The main re
lianci ol iiu opposition appears to be
in exeiting distrust of the government.
Thi' opposing argunicnl 7; based upon
Ihe theory, implicd if not cxpressed,
thal this i. nol a government 'of the
people, b.\ thc people,' but is an insti
? tution eapable of cxercising a will, nol
lhat of the people, bul of a body of
men I cmporai i ly in power.
"In short, thc proposition advanced
appears t ? bc thal a great pubiic ftinc
I tion, in the operation of which every
eitizon is vitally interested, can be
morc safely intrustcd 10 an association
of private individuals banded together
without responsibility to the pubiic
than to the government, which is thc
only authorized agency of the entire
! people in the rnanagement ol* pubiic
Says Pubiic 'Would RcnHit
"The pubiic will benefil from govern?
ment ownership and management of thc
wire systems as they have from thr
growth of the postal serviee under a
policy which considers pubiic needs and
eonveniencp, without looking for profit,
The growth of thc country in industry,
c* nimerce arid wealth has consistently
coincided with the extension of postal
communication, and thc cost. of the ser?
viee to the pubiic has been reduced as
the system has expanded.
"The fact lhat a needed extension of
j post routes might nol be self-support
i ing has not hindered its being put in
! operation. The postal policy has been
; lo consider the system of communica
| tion as a whole, making the excess reve
I nues from one branch meet the de
I liciencies of another. This policy ap
i plied to tho wire serviee would give to
i the pubiic a more exte.ndcd and less
! expensive means of speedy communica
i tion, and rb* economies possibli under
i : uniiii'd system of operation would
; insure thc levenues being sufficient to
i cover all tcsts, both of purchase and
' operation.
"To-day thi re are morc miles of post
routes, more postoffices and a greater
i volume of mail than ever before in the
: i istory of the country; yet in 1916 the
: i.udiud surplus of postal .revenue was
j more than ?5,000,000, that of HUT over
; $9,000,000, and that of 1918, not includ
| ing $44,000,000 collcctcd for war reve
' nue, was over $19,000,000."
| in getting materials, mistakes, etc, it
had fallen behind its schedule.
After careful consideration, h.e add?
ed, the Navy Department had con
cluded that the best course to pursuc
uftcr thc armistice, in acordance with
its general programme of cancelling
, i suspending war work wherever pos?
sible, was to complete sixty of the
Eagles. They would bc of great use
ii, any future war operations against
submarines and a part of them could
be used in peace for the patrol work
, ordinarily done by gunboats, in the
, Philippines, on the China coast and for
flag showing purposes generally, he
, said. Thc navy was planning to keep
! twenty of them in commission. Had
! the war continued, he said, they would
have been invaluable, hunting in
; threes, against the submarines and for
' guarding the slow convoys of merchant
. ships across the Atlantic. Their arma
; ment would cost about. $180,000 each
. and would be made up of two four-inch
rifles, one anti-aircraft gun and depth
bomb apparatus. , On its ofneial
trial the first Eagle had developed
s maximum speed of 1*::4 knots, being
in excess of the requirement, and thc
experience of the three that reached
the Atlantic showed that they are
stanch seagoing vessels. They have a
cruising radius of 3,500 to 5,000 milo'.
The hearing will be resumed at 10
: o'clock to-morrow morning with Alfred
Luckingas counsel for Henry Ford, and
Admiral Griffin as thc lirst'witness.
War Revenue Bill
Conferrees Agree
lJ pon Luxury Taxes
WASHINGTON", lan. 14.?Tax rates
on luxurics, semi-luxuries, amusement
admissions and club dues were agreed
upon to-day by thc Senate and House
conferrees on the war revenue bill.
Virtually all of the Senate's rates on
luxurics and semi-luxuries were ac?
cepted by the House conferrees, Chair?
man Simmon.-., of the Senate managers,
Rates in the House bill on amuse?
ment admissions in excess of 3d cents
were adopted b.\ the conferrees. the
Senate managers accepting the higher
House rate, but reaching a compromise
for retention of the Senate rate nn ad?
missions of 30 cents or less. Under
the agreement tne amusement admis
siqn tax will bc 1 cent on each 10 cenfs
paid up to 30 cents and 2 cents on each
dinie paid in excess of 30 cents.
The House rate of '_' cents on each
10 cents paid for admissions to roof
garderre, cabarots and similar cstab
lishnients was adopted, as w-*s the
House rate of 20 per cent instead of
the Senate rate of 10 pcr ccnt on thea?
tre hoy.es.
lt is estimated that about $75,000,
000 in revenue will be derived annual
l.v from amusement admissions under
the conference agreement.
The Hou io rate of 20 per cent on
club dues double the tax under the
existing law and estimated to raise
uboul $9,000,000 also was adopted.
ln disposing of the excisc or semi
luxury la::es thc conferrees agreed to
Ihe Senate assessment of 10 per ccnt
of the amount paid in excess of fixed
standard prices by purchasers of semi
luxuries, such as carpets, picture
ii-aines. travelling bag-, pockcthooks,
umbrellas, fans. hats, shoes, gtockinge
and other articles.
The luxury rate provides a per ccnt
'?'"'?s on mniutfactiirer.i' sales of motor
vehicleg, tirea and accessories, pianos,
' lki"g muchines, candy and similar
articles; io per cent on athletic goods,
livcric , furs, yachtfl aud motor boats
and :; per cent on chewing gum and
toilct SOBPS,
DeciHtons on n few *>r the luxury i
laxes were tentative and those on some
others weM. |eft 0pon for further con
To dUpoae of the mlscellaneous and j
minor luxus in Ihe bill the conferrees
tl mi.oral'ily puRSed over the war r-xc*'"' ?
P^oflts and other important nnd con
'io-,, ii.-d?fi etlom. ;
McAdoo Uiifair
To Railroads,
Thom Declares
Entire Abnorinal Cost of
Improvement. Charged to
Carriers, He A s s c r t s
Five-Year PJan Protested
Commissioner Woolley Ex?
plains Advantages ol' thc
New Mileage Schednles
.v.?- York Tribmii
Waahinuton Burca i
WASHINGTON, Jan. 14.?Declaring
the government has used the credit of
| thc railroads of thc country to spare
j its own purse, Alfred P. Thom, general
| counsel for the Association of Railway
j Executives to-day pleaded with the
: Senate Interstate ( ommeree Comhiittee
| not to approve thc McAdoo proposal
: for a fix o .. car , xleni ion of gov ernment
| control.
Contending ti,.,- i 'ongri s s,- ii , he
^ creation of Lhe government revoh ing
I fund of $600,000,000, had intended that
the government should assumc a pro
portion of thc emergeney costs of
i equipment demanded by the war, Mr.
Thom declared it had been the policy
of Director General McAdoo lo saddlc
all tiie co; ts on the roads.
Because of thc abnormally high
charges for all materials and labor,
; Mr. Thom said, the actual value of the
| $1,175,000,000 programme of better
I ments and extension/, hy th- timi the
roads are turned back to their owners,
would he not more than a third of that
sum. Only in opposition to the manncr
oi" placing that entire cost on the roads,
said Mr. Thom, had the railroad execu?
tives departed in the slightest degrec
from a policy of full and free cobpera
tion with the railroad administration.
( on',ract Cited as Infair
; He appealed against a five-year period
; under which this, power to administcr
the credits of the roads might he con
? tinucd, and he read from contracts be?
tween tlie railr'oad administration and
tlie roads under whicli, in any future
adjustments, r.o consideration shall br:
,-river, to the abnormal nature of ihe
costs during tlie war period, but such
costs shall be regarded as making up
the faii- value of the improvement .
rJhe committee completed i'.s cxami
nation of Robert W. Woolley, the only
commissioner favoring the McAdoo
proposal, an,; then proceedcvd to hear
Mr. Thom. The programme of the exec?
utives is to place Julius Kruttschnitt,
of the Union Pacific, on thc stand fol?
lowing Mr. Thom. whose examination
? wiil he continued to-morrow. It is
J robable, however. that bcfoi'i the
executives have finished tcstirying,
Walker D. Hines, who succeeded Mr.
McAdoo as director general, will be
called to discuss the mileage basis of
. late making which Commissioner
: Woolley said the railroad administra?
tion contemplated adopting.
Short Hauls (o Govcrn
During his testimony to-day, Com?
missioner Woolley said under his mile?
age plan thc rates on all railroads be?
tween such competitive points as New
Vork and Chicago, for example, wouh'
he fixed on th" basis of the mileage of
lhe shortcst line. that of tlie Penn?
sylvania railroad. This, however,
wouid presuppose continued govern?
ment operation, he said, permitting the
government, while charging shippers
(ui all lines tlie same, to route slow
moving freight by the longest hauls
and perishablo goods and high grade
? traffic by the shortest hauls.
II" admitted he had not attempted
to work out any samplc schedules on
this basis to show the net result to
shippers and the public in comparison
'with the effects of the present rate
structure, hut promised Senator Mc?
Lean, of Connecticut, to work out a
few and submit them later.
Hc also admitted he did not claim
to he "infallible" and if the committee
had a better system of rate making to
suK^ost, he would gladly support it.
"I may," he said, "he entirely wrong
in my reasoning."
Cuyler Programme Indorscd
. On taking the stand Mr. Thom read a
letter from the Western Association of
Short Line Railroads indorsing tlie plan
submitted to the committee by T. De
. Witt Cuyler, chairman of the Assoeia
tion of Railway Executives, concerning
'.he time and manner of returning the
roads to their private owners, including
thc proposal for a Secretary of Trang
I portation to take over the administra
tive and executive functions of thc In?
terstate (.'.ommeree Commission.
Mr. Thom had no prepared statement
to read to the committee. He said:
"At the ve;y outset I wil! venture fo
? say a word in reply to what has been
?aid as to lack of coopcration on thc
part of tho railroad executives in their
dealings with tho railroad administra
| tion, If then? has been any lack of eo
j operation on our part we have not
? known of it. for it would he in entire
violation of the spirit of our policy and
: our Instructioir-. The record of the ex?
ecutive;; from April 11. 1917, when they
; were called to Washington hy the gov
| ernment and asked to bend their ef?
forts to an organization of railroad op?
eration for war purposes, has been ono
of patience, dignity and cobperation.
Roads Waived All Complaint
"You have seen no complaints from
us. and have witncss.J no agitation
originating with the railroads. You have
| had no approaches from executives
seeking to throw obstacles in the way
ci' tin. government. In less than live
hours after the executives met in
Washington on April il, 1917, at thc
call of the government, they had sub
merged evorj individual interest to the
fupreme and national task ui winning
?the v, ar.
"So far as I individually know. tne
on< 3ubject upon which there has been
any decided disagreoment between the
railroad executives and Ihe railroad
administration has been in the matter
of allocution of equipment purchased
by tbe government t'or the account of
the railroads. Wc believe we eve it
fo the irfterests we represent and tol
the public to express '? quiet, careful
and dignified mannor our objections |
to what has been tha government.
policy ir this respect.
"The government, on taking over the
railroads, did not only take over the l
physical property of the roads, nor has ,
it merely boon usinjr the rails', engines,
Cars and terminal facilities. It has
boon* using in addition the credit, of,
the railroads, Assuming it had the
right to do this fof the purposes of
lhe win, wc will ncccpt this use as l?;iv- j
ing been legitimate and necessary. but
we challenge tho proposal to extend
for a period of live vears this absolllto
control of our credit, a power under
which the government ean tell us what
dehis we kIihII assume, vear bv year I
and day by day, and I'.ol subject to the
will of the owners of the properties."
Rcvolving Fund DiscusHod
Mr, rhom thtil read from Section << \
(/!' ihe federal control uci, undorwhich |
t! < President was authorized to isc
the revolving fund to purchase equip
menl for government account, or make,
or order :o he made, extensions and
betterments tind equipment for account
' ; thc road: . There was, hc said, no
expre ;s limit fixed > , th* ? owei o ' the
President under this | rovision tc
or require the roads to make. an\
nnproven ents ai the ro, expen o.
and while, hc ?; id. i, too
.'? as not the prcs* nt : e cy
road Administration to ul ? i
'??' time ? ;' \y. ?, . ? , ca",i d al ntio
to the fact that th > lav, ? co ided ll ?
power ',o.' war purpc es 'or in the
i ublic interest."
"This enormous now," 7 ,.- created,"
hc continued, "cannot be overosti
mati d. i c cau bc administe red wi , ly
and carefully, or it ma> be admin
istered han hly and i .,,?.,-.. ly. i!; any
event its exercise would depend on the
.mdgment of one man. Wc do not know
lrom day to day who this man will
bc. One man exercised the power for
a year; we liave another one now;
and we do not know who will be the
man six months from now. In short
we have no certain knowledge of tiie
?- r onality of this individual to whom
is given a power lhat goes to the very
foundation of the solvency of our rail
oaci .
Credit of Roads Commandecrcd
"All that we do know is that the
?.endency has besn to use the credit of
the carriers and io spare the credit
of the government. Wo feel thc
moment thc revolving fund becomes a
' ' ippearing quantity that verv
moment will thc temptation appear to
mobilize and use thc credit of the ear?
ners to the relief 0f thc government.
therefore, how can we look with un
concern ou this proposal to extend the
? ' lhal power into a period of
profound peace?"
Equipment, hc said. had been bought
l s the railroad administration en masse
and allotted to the various roads with?
out consultation with these roads
Some roads contended tlicv were al?
ready overloaded with rolling stock
and wished not to assume the burden
pt these additional amounts, contend
mg thal under the law the government.
shouid shoulder its part.
Equipment Policy Criticised
"Was that not a fair attitude?" thc
witness asked. "Was it not as reason?
ablc to ask that the government as?
sume to ask that the government as
ably would be used onlv for the war
emergency, as it was for the govcm
ment to assunie the cost of buving
locomotives for Russia and France?"
Lamar Predicts Ruin
Unless U. S. Control
Of Wires Is Extended
WASHINGTON, Jap. 14.?Financial
;? s.. in some cases, ruin for.
? - mr companies were predicted to
? ?: 7 W. H. Lamar. solicitor of the
Postoffice Department and member of,
the wire control committee, as certain
to follow unless government operation
of thc wire systems was extended for;
' two or three years to permit '
a general reconstruction of rates and'
restoration of normal conditions.
Mr. Lamar, testifying before the
H?U3e "Postoffice Committee, said hei
individually was opposed to govern
ment ownership of public utilities, but
thought this question should be in- :
vestigated during the extended period ;
of control cssential to prevent chaotic
Once Wealthy Man Kills
Himself at Union Club
Otto Zurcher, Who Lost Sugar
Holdings in South Ameriea,
Uses Butcher Knife
With a six-inch butcher knife. newly j
sharpened, lying beside him. Otto
Zurcher, sixty-five years old, of 33
West Fifty-iirst Street, whose income
was said once to have been ?50,000 a
year from sugar interests in South
Ameriea. was found dying yesterday on ;
the floor of the library of the Union'
Club, Fifth Avenue and Fifty-tirst
Street. Mr. Zurcher. a member of the:
club, bore three knife wounds in the
left ruic of the ncck, two in the right
side and ono in the left breast. 11c ;
died an hour ancl a haif after being
found by Fred Ermer, a waiter, who
also picked up two notes.
Onp of these read:
"Whoever tinds me, call Major Mur?
phy at once and keep quiet."
The other: "Let them give me mor
phine and let mc go and let mc die. I
want to die."
Police Serpeant Rrueck, of the East i
Fifty-first Street station, found a re-!
ceipt showing the butcher knife had !
been bought Monday by Mr. Zurcher.!
who had had thc club carpenter
sharpen it. '
Colby Asserts He
Did Nol Quil in
Row With Hurlev
Kew York Tribune
Washington Burrn
WASHINGTON, Jan. 14. Commis?
sioner Bainbridge Colby. of the Ship?
ping Board. to-day flatly deniedxjtub
lishe-1 reports that hc had resigned
because of differences with Chairman
Hurley. Mr. Colby cxplained that his
resignation from the Shipping Board
has been on itlc since last December, to
become effective at thc will of Chair?
man Hurley. "A desire tc return to
private business interests," he said.
was tho only motive in severinjj his
connection with t.he Shipping Board.
His statement follows:
"The published report of a difference
of opinion between Mr. Hurley and my
self is vholly without foundation. I i
have an admiration for him which no
ono ci n fail to h*ve who has been in
timately associated with him for a
year and a half.
"I placed my resignation on file early
in December, requesting it. considera?
tion as soon as possible without. dis
locating th? affairs of the board. and
vitlio'ut unfairness to my colleagues.
"My wrrk heic has been at the com?
plete sacrifice of my business, and
when the war ended I felt that l could
consistently think of relinquishing my
public duties."
'I iie personnel of a committee, which
is to examinc the builduig plans of the
Emergeney Fleet Corporation am!
formulate ; peace-time policy for the
Shipping Board's subsidiary building
organization, was announced by Com?
missioner Colby as follows:
J. A. Farrell, president of tlio United
States Steel < orporation; P. A. B.
Franklin. president of the Interna?
tional Mercantilc Marine Company;
George S. Dearborn, president of thc
American- Hawaiian Steamship Com?
pany; H. H. Raymand, president ani
general manager of tlie Mallory Steam?
ship Company and F. D, M. Strachan,
president of t)e Strachan Shipping
Corporation. In addition to the fore
Koing, Charles Piez, director general of
the Emergeney Fleet Corporation, and
John Rosseter, director of operations
of the United States Shipping Board
will be ex-officio members. Of these',
Mr. Dearborn and Mr. Raymand are the
nominees of the American Steamship
Wait a minute! Perhaps you have one such representative
on the payroll and don't know it.
Your letter is your representative, isn't it? And it costs you
good money, too, doesn't it ? And you have to pay for
stamps, don't you ?
All right, then, get this :
Every time you send out your good letterheads, and spend
good money for postage to carry them, and then have the
letter printed or "processed," it's just as loose as sending
out a representative all dressed up in a silk hat and a pair ?
of overalls.
The only letter that's good enough to go on your letterhead is a
real typewritten letter. Your customers and prospects are
entitled to the genuine, whether it's merchandise or letters.
There's a machine on the market that will write real typewritten
letters for you in large quantities at a permissible cost.
One girl, operating three to four HOOVEN Automatic
rypewriters, will produce real typewritten letters, with
personal words and phrases inserted anywhere in the let?
ter, at practically the same cost as the "processed" letters.
In no instance have HOOVENS failed to pay for themselves in
less than a year, and in more than three years none-has ever
worn out. The initial outlay is the same as you would pay
an average typist for less than a year?and each HOOVEN
has a minimum capacity equal to that of four typists. One
girl operating four does the work of sixteen typists.
To-day's a good day to put your letters in the profir-paying class.
If you can't come in and see the HOOVEN in operation,
send your stenographer. Or write, or telephone for 7iter
ature or a representative.
' 7, '< iRPORATED
387 Fourth Avenue
Telephone Madison Square 4144
(Por occcasional requlremenis, our own plant is at
mir command. Rate card nnd samples on request.)
Herald Sqcarr. Broadway. 54th 1" SStb Bt
H'c Sc'l Depeadable
Merchandise m Prices
Lower Than Any Other
Store, hut for Cash Only
I Store opens 9:00 A. M. ~|
I and closes 5:30 P. M.
?? V
2i **
P r e s t o !
Not a magic door and no
chicanery beyond ':he por
tal, but it's surprising
how quickly our Men's
Clothing Department can
supply every apparel need,
from stocks kept full to
Sack Suits at $22.75
We hardiy expect the
!|5j younger generation to ap
jjaj preciate t!ie conservative
lijj dignity of our styles for
iij| older men. nor our elderty
M patrons to enthuse over
Mf the dash and go of our
M younger models, so we've
{gi hearkened to the demand
?m of both, and the variety is
i|| latge
|P| Fabrics include cheviots.
'*| homespuns, cassimeres
j|| and unfinished worsteds.
M Brown and gray are to
l|jj the fore in this season's
?M running. with new fancy
Igp mixtures pushing close
'M for second place.
g Linings are of mohair,
|| and our high standards of
H tailoring mean a consider
ipj able amount more wear
If than you'd expect from
|j|! garments so moderately
||| priced.
!p! iZ~J'Z ? Vi((U Floor. Broadway.
'& Men's Underwear
g| With comfort woven into
g| every seam.
[H Heavy weight worsted
1*1 Union Suits, Natural |
ig color, $2.89 suit.
;&i Spring N e e d 1 e. Ribbed jj
J worsted Union Suits, Nat
? ural color. $3.49 suit.
;if Spring N e c d 1 e -Ribbed M
fe' cotton Union Suits, Ecru Wl
| color, $1.89 suit. M
H Shirts and Drawers, fi
H fashioned, 65' - wool. in j'i-j
1 natural color, $2.89 eac
_| _3_?K__?S ?Maln Hoor. Centre.
| Men's Shirts.
? 77.e Desirable
t/ Workmanship meai
fc$ much in producing a con
% fortable, body-adaptii
il s/nirt, and these sarmen
m will prove a boon to the p|
I? particular man.
m Materials are Madras and ;:
ji Crepe weaves in designs \
P$ fhostly confined to manu
W facturers of high gracie
H shirts.
H Soft or laundered cuff :
a models.
1 Silk Crochet Ties
m I-Jade ou hand frame ma
L-y cbir.es. Large assortment :'.
Cv oi three or four tone ?
iv heather mixtures or with $
i?> rvr.t bias stripe effects.
i Excellent quality of Silk,
| $1.89.
- _4 F?*p on Toppers jf
:] For men who demand
':?' thoroughbred style as well 1
as superior 1
1 ?^ cX--S q u a 1 i t y in 1
.. / h a t s . the-,-:
" Landsdowt.
has a strong M
Tviade of all ||
fur felt in |
mec'ium roll
or fiat brim
shapes. The
color decree is olive, or
gray, $3.89.
Main ll<H?r. ;?.">tl> >!.
I Socks That Wear
I and Wear?
I 33c pair
) It seems very littic for
| these fine scamless lisle
^ hose. Extra spliced heel
5 and toe. Elastic ribbed
?> top. Luster finish in
| Black. White. Tan. Gray
or Navy.
... . .M...., ,...?- <..?,rf>
?'?iV. :??.;-. .'?. ?

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