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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, January 17, 1919, Image 1

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Vol. LXXVni No. 26,360
l^lLl_0__Las*--the Truth: News ? Editorials - Advertisements
Cloudy, followed by rain to-day; to*
morrow rain and older. Fresh
south to east winds, increas
ing to-morrow night.
Jr'ull Report on Pace 10
[Copjrlfcht, 1919.
New York Tribune Inc.l
* * *
J In Greater New York and
TWO CENTS -s within eoromuting- .lfstaitce
U. fe. Is Voted Bone Dry;
38 States for Amendment;
Nebraska's Act Deeisive
Missouri and Wyoming
Follow Bryan's Com?
monwealth in Approval
Liquor Men Pkni
To Contest Victory
Will Contend That Ac
tipn by Fifteen of the
Leg^slatures Is Illegal
Nebraska yesterday pledged the!
United States to prohibition. It j
was the thirty-sixth to ratify the!
Federal prohibition amendment. I
Missouri and Wyoming acted soon j
afterward bring-ing- the total num- (
b_r of ratifying states to thirty- i
eipht?two. more than the necea- [
s_ry three-fourths. _
Advocates of prohibition, assured of i
victory, did not press pending;
ratifying measure. in some of the
remaining ten states. It -was con- '?
fidently predicted. however, sev?
eral of those states would ap?
prove the amendment.
Ai.ti-prohibition forces are organ- j
izing to contest the validity of i
action taken in fifteen states j
which have referendum laws, as-1
scrting that only a popular vote
is legal in those states.
Senator Sheppard, father cf the ]
amendment, said the constitu-!
tional change would be effective
January 16; 1920, one year after
the thirty-sixt.i state ratified the
measure, but under the rider of
the agr*rcultural bill, a war meas?
ure, the country will become
"dry-' Tuly i, 1919.
L; 1 r 7 leaders said 170,000 persons
in Xew York would be out of em
! oyr.ient and the state would lose
? bout $24,000,000 a year in rev
i nVas a result of prohibition.
I. S. Is First World
Power to Vote To Be
Permanently Dry
WASHINGTON, Jan. 16.?Ratification
to-day, of the Federal Constitutional
..rohibition amendment made the Unit?
ed States the first great power to take
legislative action to permanently stop
the liquor traffic.
Nehraska's vote ' grave the necessary
-ffirmative three-fourths majority of the,
state to make effective the amendment
submitted by Congress in December,
1017. It was followed by similar action
in the Iegislatures of Missouri and
Wyoming. making thirty-eig-ht states
in ail which have approved a "dry"
Ameriea. Affirmative actior. by some of
thc- ten state Iegislatures yet to act
is predicted by prohibition advocates.
The thirty-eight state? which have
ratified the amendment are :
Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Califor?
nia. Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Geor
gia, Idaho, Hlinois, Iowa, Indiana, h.an
sas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Mary
Ifnd, 'Massachusetts) Michigan, Missis
sippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska
North Dakota, North Carolina, New
Hampshire, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon,
?South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennes
'?'??. Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington,
fftit Virginia and Wyoming.
'lhe following states have not ratified
the measure:
Minnesota, Nevada, New Jersey, New
Mexico, New York, Connecticut, Penn
nrhrania, Rhode Jfland, Vcrmont and
Und<r the terms of the amendment,
'?he r.ar.ufacture, r.alc and irnportation
9- intoxicating liquors must cease one
7**r after ratification, but prohibition
?Till be a fact in every state much
jarlkr because of the war measure
Jorbidding thc manufactare and sale
w alcoholic bev.ragcs after June 80
*?til thc den obilization of the mili
_*ry forces is completed. Under tho
'*_rtime measure, exportation of liouor
{? Perrnitted. but the great stocks now
??W in bonded -warehousen will have to
6? disposed of before the Federal
amendment becomes effective.
I'rceedent I? Sought
Dfoeussion as to whether thc new
?wcndiaent becomes a part of the Coj
''?itution now that three-fourths of the
??*? nave ratified it, dr whethin it
"womm a part of the banic law only
*?en each state has certified iu ac
v.ot. Ui the1 Secretary of State le<J to
___?*??? f?,r Pweed'nt, which fchowed
... ;. "?? ?l?\y tw'? amendments riittfied
n nm 13^ j^if etniMtyt providing for
r"m* *-?**? and direet election of
???**.' y"tr"' considered effective jm
Vf__'y a'2"r tht* thlrty.?f?th statv
'ad tak?n agTtrmativ, actiom. '
.?Str,_tor Khtippard. author of th*?
?VA v. ?!B?:<fm?nt, held that national
tot?r<%i*m'',ti"t< }'V ,h* Tr^sident and
iit?t___*i2__! "AA d*?Nrbcd over r.
<?**??? iT'r int<tr??t* in^?,de<l to
.. ."" >'ftl!'/i;v ot the arneiidmentV,
<-'onlinu?d on pope eight
Wine Growers to Test Dry Act
<^AN FRANCISCC, Jan. 16.?The wine growers of this state,
^ through the California Grape Protective Association, intend to
test the constitutionality of the war time prohibition measure in the
courts, and have employed Theodore A. Bell, recently Democratic
candidate for Governor, as counsel.
The intention to fight the Federal dry amendment also in the
courts was announced to-day when the secretary of the association
You may rest assured that a test case will be brought to find out
if the act is valid."
The temporary 'njunction granted in the Superior Couvt here
against the Governor signing the ratitication measure is to compel a
referendum vote.
It transpired that this purpose was defeated in other states
when the dry Jeaders rushed the certification of the ratification vote
to Washington without giving the wets a chance to start injunction
The theory that ratification is subject to a referendum is com
bated by the drys, the Attorney General of the state saving "ratifi?
cation is complete."
Predict Passing
Of Boss AI0112
With Saloons
1920 Election Expected To]
Be First National Cam?
paign Shorn of His Rule
By Carter Field
Xew York Tribi,ne
Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, Jan. IG.- -The Presi
dentiai election of 1920 will be the first
ever held in this country in which no
interest wili be taken by saloon- i
keepers. This issue, r.ot as a moral j
question, but with regard to its bearing j
on the political situation, was uppe'r
most in conversations around the j
Capitol to-day, and it is pretty gen- j
erally conceded that the effect of the ;
change will be enormously i*i favor of ?
the Republican party.
As it was pointed but here thc saloon !
in every big city in the country, which 1
j ii not already dry, has been one of 1
; the most valuable as3ets of the party j
; in power. ln New York the saloon |
' vote always has been for Tammany, j
! iu Boston, for the Democratic ring; \
I in Chicago, for Bathhouse John, ?
i Hinkey Dmk, Roger* Sullivan and the j
: Democratic organization generally. In
Philadelphia, Pittsbure-h, Cincinnati
I ??*
: and St. Louis the saloon vote generally
! has been for thc Republican machines,
; and so on down the line of all the
j big cities.
lt is a fact much commented on,
l however, that from fche National poli
j tical point of view, the saloon always
1 has been a great assct of the Demo
: cratic party, while, where it has work?
ed for the Republican party, it has
for the most part merely increased
1 pluralities already assured, such as
j that of Pennsylvania.
Most Big Cities Democratic
It has been the rule in the United
| States. proved by exceptions *such as
j Philadelphia and Pitsburgh, that the
j big-cities of thc country were Demo
! cratic and the country districts Re
! publican. This rule, of course, does
i not apply to the Solid South.
In every big city which has been
j wet?and virtually all of them were in
j the 1916 electioB? the saloon has been j
nn asset of the local bosses in a j
variety of ways. It was in the resi- j
? dences over saloons that much of the
i eclonizing of voters was done.
Residence properties owned by
1 saloon keepers and brewers but not
I maintained as saloon properties pro
1 vided equaJly fertile spots for lodging
1 "repeaters" nnd "colonists" who were
j eager to vote for whatever candidates
! the gang selected.
ln addition to this, some of the busi- j
i est workers at the disposal of tho gang, j
? the bovs who could be depended upon
: without instruction:-: to obey 'orders
down to the crosing of a "t," were tho I
I saloohkcepera themselves nnd their
I employes.
I Many langents le<i off from this con?? ?
tact between the dominant party in j* J
city government and tho saloons which
served to utrengthen the hold of each I
j particular gang upon tho city, and to j
I enable it to pilo up majoiities for the ;
! candidates, be they state, municipal or i
| national. - j
Politician^ here thought this element j
j might nor, bo diminished. but increased. ;
l although instead of saloonkeepers be- '
1 :ng the pay ers of tho resultant graft !
I and the workers used by the organiza
j tion, prohibition t would mean that il
lic'rt distillers and bootleggurs would
I supplant them.
Pasidng of Big Bosses .
This was answered by those v/ho
| said it would not bc the local officials
who could give protection to illicit
I dislilling and bootlegging, but Federal
I officials alone. whercupon differences
, of opinion nrose as to whether such
j lemptation might lead to general cor
' ruption of the Fedcral revenue ofTiccrs.
lt! any event the power to prote-t
th" li-juor traffic, and thc power to
I grant special priviWe:* to violato ex
; cise laws, has passed from the hands
i of the local political machines, to all
| intents and purposes. Thc saloon keep?
er, bil employes smd his election day
| "boarders" v/ill no longer be at th<S
disposal of tho political bossc 1 of the
bis cities.
Al of which is construed here to
rneart that the big citieu, n*> matter
?*h? the politics of the men control-:
!iou therrt, no longer wili !*lve as big'
loft/oritioB to their nartka, with the
->M\i fchfcj i'-'-v/ Vork Nev.- itmnty and
IHfhCJi* wili go Repubiicon more fre
'iu<-ntly; MaKjiachusetts will go Demo-.
cmtic ?v?*m less frequently than shej
hats in the past, Mi??ourt will cross to i
the Republican colurnn at rnrer inter-i
valB, whilfi Pennsylvania will remain
46 I. W. W.'s
Are Convicted
ln California
One Woman Anion? Defend?
ants Charged With Ob
structing U. S. War Work
SACRAMENTO, Jan. 16.?Forty-six
defendants iu thc I. W. W. conspiracy
case were found guilty by a jury in
the United States District Court here
this evening.
The defendants were charged with
conspiring; to eonduct a campaign of
destruction-in the state and elsewhere
lo block the government's war pro?
gramme. Thc case went to the jury
at 4:35 o'clock, and the verdict was
returned at 6.
Sentences avi 11 be imposed to-morrow
by United States Judge Frank H. Rud
kin, of Spokanc.
In his charge to the jury Judge Rud
kin said:
"The I. W. W. respect no flag but the
red flag. They wouiri drag us all down
to the level of the iowest man."
He read at length from journals of
the organization which were alleged to
have stated that "no peace officer could
be a member of Ihe I. W. W.,V thc
"uniform of lhe I'nited States soldier
is merely thc livery of the 'scab,'" and
"sabotage is a sign of courage."
One Defendant a Woman
Miss Thcodora Pollock, tl - only
woman defendant, wrfs called by Prose?
cutor Duncan "Just as disloyal as Bill
Hay wood, the Executive head of the
"She could have cast her lot with
the United States when it v,\ j sadly
Continued on page five
Decision Stops
Aid Publishers
Gave to Hearst
Justice Rules "American"
and "Journal" Cannot Be
Forced Upon Newsdealer
"Coercive; Un-American"
Facts in Case "Clearly Point
to Combination or Con?
spiracy," Benedict Holds
Justice Russell Benedict in the Su
i preme Court in Brooklyn yesterday
handed down a decision uoholding the
I right of Joseph A. Sultan, a Brooklyn
. newsdealer. to sell such newspapers as
j he desires, and denying the right of
j William Randolph Hearst and his allies,
the Publishers' Association and the
j American News Company, lo force upon
j Mr. Sultan "The New York American"
and "The Evening Journal"
The action of Mr. Hearst and his
; associates in withholding from Mr.
i Sultan other New York newspapers un?
less he agreed to handle the Hearst
j ^pers is held by the court to be
I "arbitrary, coercive and un-American."
"It is vigorously urged in the able
and volumitious bricfs of the defend
| ants." stated Justice Benedict, "that in
refuaing to sell their papers t0 the
j plaintiff unless he shall purchase the
iso-called :Hearst papers' that they are
; not engaged in an unlawful combina?
tion or conspiracy. . . . Tlie facts
in thc case, as established upon the
j present state of the record, can hardly
? be said to be in dispute.
Point lo a Conspiracy
"They clearly point to a combination
or conspiracy on the part of thc de
. fendants to use the tremendous force
of their united power to compel the
plai'ntifT to regulate his business under
the direction of the defendants at the
i ha.ard of deprivihg him of the sup
| plies upon wlijch his business depends,
and thus to prevent h'.m from conrpet
ing with <uich other newsdealers as
j wouid transact and carry on their
1 business under the conditions which
' the defendants should choose to pre
1 scribe."
Mr. Sultan, who coiuiucts a store at
! <!4u Flatbush Avenue, Brooklyn, refused
| last November, in response to the de
i mands of his custoniers, to handlo the
; Hearst papers. Tho Publishers' Associ?
ation, which controh the distribution
j of all the leading N'ew York news
ipapers except The Tribune, thereupon
, refused to stpply him with any evening
| newspapers, while thc American News
j Company pcrsisted in ilelivering to him
New York "Americans" which he had
i not ordered and which hc could not
! sell.
Justice Benedict'a order is sweeping.
By its terms Mr.'Hearst and his co
i defendants are restrained from foreing
I upon Mr. Sultan any copies of the
| Hearst papers. They are ordered also
| to supply, without ler, or hindranee,
upon Mr. Sultan's order, such news?
papers os he may desire them to supply.
Lqmuel Clv Quigg appeared for Mr.
Sultan, aru' William A. De Ford and
Continued on page six
Of U. S. Army
Is Postponed
Action on War Department's
Measure Put Over Until
New Congress Convenes
500,000 Soldiers Sought
War Machine Would Cost
$1,185,000,000 a Year;
$12 a Month to Privates
WASHINGTQN, Jan. 16.?The House
Military Affairs Committee practically
I reached ar. agreement to-day, in con?
ference with Secretary Baker and Gen?
eral March, chief of staff, to postpone
the War Department reorganization
bill until the next session of Congress.
A suggestion by Chairman Dent that
a legislative rider on the army appro?
priation bill continuing the existing!
war organization of the department j
and the regular army for anotJ.tr year j
| be substituted for the reorganizalion j
; measure met with thc appraval of Mr. !
S Baker, and apparently with that of a
1 majority of thc committee members.
j Tiie Chief of Staff explaincd to the
[committee the reorganization measure'!
framea by tlie department, providing
i for a regular army of .100,000 men, to
be raised by voluntary enlistment on a
i flat'three-year basis. The bill also
j would have made permanent the abso
lute control over all branches of the
i army now exercised by the chief of
I staff as a war-time necessity.
Staff to Frame Rider
Chairman Dent said it would be im-i
! possible to get such a bill through Con?
gress in the six weeks remaining of
I the session. Committee members
agreed with him, pointing out that
tho War Department bill appeared to
be a military policy measure which
, abandoned the theory of universal mil?
itary obligation. Mr. Baker insisted
that this was not the case, that no
attempt to fix thc nation's policy as to
a peace time army was involved, but
! agreed that ihe substitution of con?
tinuing authority appeared to be the
wisert course, in view of uncertainties
of the situation abroad and lack of
timo for fuli discussion in Congress.
The exact form of a rider 13 to be
[ Rtuclied'out by the General Staff. lt
' probably wi't leave the alrength of the
i force to Presidential order, within lim
: its and subjee', to appropriation limita
' tions. The committee will take up at
once hearings on the regular appro?
priation bill, which provides, as drawn.
for 500,000 men.
Secretary Baker would make no
declarat.ion in regard to universal mili
, tary serviee suggestions, saying that
| he would submit no proposal of that
; nature until the peace conference had
j finished its work and the obligations
| of the nation could bc gauged. He
i said the General Staff had submitted
j several studies which were still on his
desk. Later, Representative Sanford
] sought to obtain General March's views
I on this question.
"The question of universal training
I Continued on page four
Protest by Press Causes
Reconsideration of Peace
CounciFs Secrecy Order
World League Covenant Drafted
T3ARIS, Jan. 16 (By The Associated Press),?The draft of the
league of nations in,the form of treaty enactment has now prc
ceeded much further than generally supposed, as a result of recent
conferences among Lord ftobert Cecil, Secretary Lansing and Cok
nel House at whicli the best features of the various projeets w-->re
embodied in concrete form of enactment. This is called a covenant,
instead of a treaty, and re-embraces thirteen articles and eight sup
plementary provisions which bring together the main features of all
the plans presented.
The covenant, while still subject to much revision, will, probably,
be ready for the congress or committee whenever the subject is con?
Woman Leader
Of Berlin ^Reds'
Reported Slain
Rosa Luxemburg Said to
Have Been Killed and
Liebknecht Put in Jail
LONDON, Jan. 16.?Rosa Luxemburg,
one of the most active of the Sparta?
can leaders in Berlin, has been mur
dercd, according to a dispatch from
that city received by the Exchange
Telegraph Company by way of Copen?
A German government wireless mes?
sage says that the tirst separate
national assembly in Germany met
Wednesday at Karls'rhue. The people's
j ministers formally surrendered. their
! mandate to the Assembly, which re
j quested them to continue their ad
| ministratio'n."
j The German troops evacuated Mitau
i on January 13, the message adds.
i BERLIN, Jan. 15 (By The Associated
I Press).?Dr. Karl Liebknecht, the Spar
! tacan leader, has been captured, it was
l leam.d late to-night, by officers and
imen-of the Division of Mounted Rifle
i Guards who arrived in Berlin to-day.
The Spartacan leader is said to have
j been seized and taken to the fashion
I able Hotel Eden, in thc western part of
Berlin. Private telephone communica
tion with the hotel was cut off abrupt
ly soon after it was reported that he
had been taken there.
Spartacan snipers continued their
activities last night in some sections
of the city and especially in the news?
paper section, where the Wolff Bureau
office and the "Tageblatt" were the ob
jects of their fire. Other snipers ren
dered the district around the Hailes
gate, in the southern part of the city,
unsafe and there was also some scat
tered firing in the northern part of the
Hot but futile firing went on all night
around the Stettin railway station.
2,000 Rifles Seized
More than 2,000 rifles, four machine
guns and an uncounted number of re
volvers already have been seized in the
Moabit district. More than 300 per?
sons have been arrested on the streets
for carrying weapons without a per?
mit. which is a serious offence.
Thc search for weapons is being
done in a most thorough manncr.
The correspondent in a walk of one
mile last night was stopped three
times and asked whether he had wea?
pons. Hc was required to show his
special pass before being perrnitted to
j proceed.
Hoodlums Being Overpowered
Although there was considerable
ferment in the city during the night,
it is plainly growing less serious and
the authorities believe that they are
graduaily overpowering the hoodlums
j and robbers who are now principally
; responsible for the disturbances at
| niirht.
j Details of the proclamation of the
j Independent Communistic (Spartacan)
1 Republic of Bremen a: j contained in a
j special dispatch to the "Lokal An
i zeiger." The. governing council is com
! posed of three members each from the
j Independent Socialists. the*Spartacans
| and the Soldiers' Council. The Senate
| has been compelled to surrender it
I authority and the press haa be.e.t
t placed under a preventive censorship
j aird compelled to publish proclnmr.tions
| of the now government.
"Rerfs" Active in North
The Spartacans are carrying on a
| vigorous agitation thrcughout North
western Germany. Attempt::- to saizi
I ? _ , .
Continued on pjge three
Montenegrhis Rise
Aud Appeal
WASHINGTON. Jan. 16. Occupation
! of Montenagrb by Serbian troops has
I resulted in a revolt by the Montene
j grins, according to an official state
i&ttnt issued here to-night at tho Mon
tenogrin Legation.
Insurgent* numbering about 20,000
have succeeded in occupying sevoral
towns, from which the Serbian force.
were driven.
,Tho inuurgents, thc annoyncrnient.
said, have sent a delegation to Kinjr.
America Enters
Parley Without
A League Plan
Both Britain and France,
However, Have Completed
Drafts for World Soeietv
By Frederick Moore
New York Tribune
Special Cable Serviee
(CopTtfeM. ll'ia, New York Tribune Inc.)
PARIS, Jan. 16.?A strange situation
has arisen in the fact that Great
Britain and France have arrived at the
peace conference table with completed
tentative proposals for a league of na?
tions1 and with delegates chosen to rep
I resent each of them, while America,
j after two years of talk about such a
! league, has entered the conference
j without either a drafted plan or a
chosen delegate to represent it.
| Lord Robert Cecil, who represents
| Great Britain, will discuss his plans
for a league at any time with other
i statesmen or for publication with the
| utmost freedom, and the same is the
j case with Leon Bourgeois, president
j of the French Society for a League of
| Nations, who will be France's special
| ist on the subject. But from no mem
| ber of the American commission can
| one ascertain definitely even whether
I President Wilson has committed his
! ideas to paper.
Xot a Man for Detaii
President Wilson's supporters have
! often said that he is not a man of de
, tail, and they are saying this now in
explanation of the fact that though
; hc has had in hand definite British
, and definite French programmes for
I more than two months he has not yet
produced one of his own.
Even the memberi of thc President's
j own commission do not seem to know
I his concrete thoughts on the subject.
For the last week various correspond
ents have been inquiring at the Place
de la Concorde, the headquarters of
the American commission, what Mr.
Wilson's plan is and, lrt'gh or low, no
American attache could tell us.
One Presidential supporter says:
"Iie hasn't told us yet; he is wise not
to tell until he knows what others'
plans are."
Another said: "Colonel House's sec?
retary teils me the President has a
plan." Still another evades the question.
Americans Drafting Plan
The American commission is now
working on a plan, however, and if my
deduction is correct it is doing so at
this last minute to avoid what has been
1 pointed out to it as the strange situa
! tion of the President, who is the great?
est exponent of a league of nations,
I appearing at the first full conference
cn Saturday, having announced that the
I league is the first issue of the Amer
I ican delegation and having nothing ex?
cept his "broad principles" and those
I not upon paper.
Premier Clemenceau promised to
j Leon Bourgeois to propose to the Al
1 lied representatives, immediately after
: the conference assembles, ihe appoint
; ment of a committee to investigate thc
I subject o" a league.
| The American commission has be
I fore it by actual count thirty-seven
I plans drafted by various men and
i groups of men for a league of nations,
j but 1 believe that 1 am right in saying
| that not one has been sanctioncd. even
i as a tentative plan to be offered to
i the Allies as a basis for discussion.
I The American commission admits that
! America must make a concrete proposal
| at the conference and, 1 suppose, will
devise one in time.
Ray Stannard Baker. who is in charge
of the commission's press bureau, toek
the matter to President Wilson again
recently and the latter gave instruc?
tions that the commission should com
municate information more freeiy. but.
whether it can or will do so remiins
to be seen.
Against Serbs
for American Troopj
Nicholas at Paris askini; that Ameri
.... o*. s_nl to ldontent/rro to
l>;\. ei ve order.
The Moitencgii^ government ha i
ii siated, and has so informed the State
Department, that the as.-o-tblv vlm-h
depofed Kin-? Nicholas was without
authority. ns it never hud been legal ly
formed. The legation's statement to
night called attention to the fact that
the victotiou i ussociatet] rtfttiona had
decided tha) Montenegro should have
.- n nresentative ai the (peace con?
Allied Parley Committee
Named for Interchaiige
of Views With Writers
Russia Again Maiu
Conference Issue
Stalus of Envoys From
Secondary States Will Be
Fixed at Early Session
PARIS, Jan. 16 (By The Associatod
Press).?The moeting of the supreme
war council at the Foreign Office this
morning, occupying two hours, was thr
only formal gathering of lhe peace
delegates to-day. As summed up in
the official commur.ique, the Russian
situation and the conference's relations.
with the press were the only subjects
After the meeting, President Wilson,
Premier Lloyd George, Secretary Lan
sing and Mr. Balfour remained for some
time in the ante-chamber of M. Pichon's
office in earncst conversation.
The discussion of the Russian situa?
tion appenrs to have been conlined to
an agreement to exchange available
information, though the detcrmination
to have a joint exaniination of thc sub?
ject, as stated in the official commu
mque, ir.dicates that the Russian situa?
tion will be one of thc subjects to
be taken under the earliest considera?
Premier Clemenceau- declared to-day
that the French government had no
intention of changing its policy with
regard to Russia.
Official Communiquc
The official communique, issued to?
day, reads:
"The President of thc United
States of Ameriea and tho Prime
I Ministers and Foreign Secretaries of
j thc Allied Powers, assisted hy the
j Japanese Ambassadors in Paris and
j London, met to-day at the Quay
| d'Orsay from 10:30 a. m. to l.-.r.i)
! p. m. ?
"The question of the relations bc
tween the conference and thc bress
was lirst taken up. It was decided
to call a meeting of the members pf
the press a..d the Allied and asso?
ciated countries at the Press Clut)
80 Avenue des Champs Elysec, to?
day at 5 o'clock, for ihe interchange
of views as to the method to be
"The meeting then took up the ques?
tion of the situation in Russia, and
agreed that thc governments bhould
acquaint each other with the latest
information at their disposal, with a
view to the joint examination of tbe
"The next meeting wiil be held '
tcmorrow, Friday, at 10:30 a. ni."
Publicity Committee Named
The Supreme Council, it dcelopcd
J later, appointed a committee to discuss
| the subject of publicity, and thc Brit
| ish and American correspondents this
j afternoon met separately in caucus to
formulatc thc position they would take
I at the later conference with thc. coun
| cil's committee. Afterward the Brit
| ish and American newspaper mcn met
j in joint caucus in an effort to har
! morize their plans.
The committee named by ihe coun
i cil comprises Sir George Riddell, ft*
j Great Britain; Ray Stannard Baker,
j for the United States; MM. Commert
i and Corbin, for France, and Signor
; Aldorvanda, for Italy. Japan is not
j represented on the committee.
"The problem of the relations be
j tween the peaee delegntes and the press
j ?that is, between the governments
i and public opinion ?is made particu
l larly delicate," says-the "Temps," "by
j the following considerations:
Urges Widest Publicity
"On the one hand, equality ol" treat
ment for the press of ail countries
I must be assured. As the United Staten
: and Great Britain are reluctant to im
j pose restrictions on their newspapers,
the only course is to allow the widest
tolerance to all.
"On the other hand, it would' bo
' harmful to lay bare to the enemy gov
crnments differences of opinion which
incvitably arise in discussions between
delegations. The very essence of every
debate is that contradictions should
: arise. Such contradictions will as
surediy be reconciled. But it would _?
very unfortunate that Germany should
know lhe details day by day and seek
lo make. capital out of them."
When asked in the Chamber cf
. Deputies to-day on what day the gov
?. rnnu'iH would discuss interpellationa
on thc peace conference, Premier Cle?
menceau repiied that the objects of tho
coiuVreiice had already occupied fivw
>.r six sittinga aiui the government
coii'ci iiu? discttSS theni un?v,
"1 rel'used to attend an afternoon
msttuig of the conference in order to
y here." he added. "Thc conferenc*
tontimies its work in the apiiit of.tiu)
sincerest eonciliation. ^ Th- right to in
i urpoiiato "cannot be suspended during

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