Newspaper Page Text
expected, especially while a league of
nations is being discussed.
Peaee Parley Plane to
Have a il ireless "Phone
LONDON, .lan. 25. The atrplanes
which aro carrying tha peace confer?
ence delegates and important docu?
ments between London and Paris are
to be equipned with wireless telephone
apparatus. This will enable the pilots
to speak to one another while in the
air, and will also enable them tc re?
ceive frequent weather reports and in-(
structions from the ground,
Tlie British anay during tho war, it
X declared, perfected the wireless tele?
phone so that pilots could speak to thc
ground and to i ne another at a distance
of fiftecn miles. The only difficulty in
niniiiui" cation at greater distances war
ihe consideration of the w. t of
larger instruments. Betwe'en airships,
for instance, it is possible to carry on
ti conversation at a distance fifty
Hiirley Warns France
Of Commercial Fight
Struggle With Germany Lies
Ahead, Says Shipping
I'ARIS. Jan. 25. France now is faced
a-. u!i a commercial struggle with Ger
many. Edward N*. Ilurley, chairman of
ilie United States Shipping Board, de?
clared at a Franco-American dinner lo
night, and must prepare to meet Ger?
man competition, which will be organ?
ized with the energies formerly devot- j
id to making war, The end of the war,
Mr. Hurley declared, cannot be con
sidered as having come until France .
:s entirely "Yehabilitated commercially.
i-'or twi nty-fn e -. i i . Mr. I lurley
said, Germany had devoted 50 p
of her efforts toward commercial nes
and the remainder to building \i;? her
great military machine. As no such I
machine will be permitted in the l*u- ,
*ure, he added. it will really be devoted
"Say what you will about her melh
od," he declared, "she has demonstrat
? ?d her efiiciency in commerce. and with
iier whole effort devoted in the future
to trade the other nations of the world
will have a formidable competitor, no
matter what restrictions it becomes
advisable to put in her path. To solve
this problem France must organize,
as she cannot meet it by relying on
isolated individual effort.?."
Gen. D'Esperey and Staff
British and French Discuss
Plan for Joint Policing
Ni iv ) otk Tribune
l r.'u-Xi ingt&n Hun au
WASHING1 ON, Jan. 25. The head?
quarters of General Franchet D'Es
perey, commander in chief of the Al
'ied forces in the Balkans, v.iJl be re
moved from Salonica to Constantinople
the latter part of January. according
to official intelligence obtained here
British military forces are in virtual
control of the Turkish-capital, and are
exerting a wholesome jniluence upon
conditions then;. Which are reported o
nc extremely bad. it is probable that,
until the peace conference decides the
'ate of Constantinople the city wift be
under the joint control of Great Brit?
ain and France.
The British and Fn - ments
:.re discussing a division of authority
between themselves over all Turkish
territory, it is understood. A plan pro
'..> Great Britain the
duty of Asiatic Turkey and
assign to France the t . '.-. oi maintain
ng order in European Turkey until the
peace conference makes a definite set?
tlement of the .X'--a.:- Eastern problem.
Bolivia Sends (ien. Montes to
Paris to Plead for Sea Outlet
1.A PAZ, Bolivia] Jan. 25. General
tsmael Montes, ex-President of Bolivia
and now Bolivian Ambassador to
France, has been appointed Bolivia's
i to the peace congre; s. He
has b'. . iform I he con
? :' Bolivia's need of an outlet to
the .-'-a and to request that the situa?
tion be remedied in this respect.
Julio Zamora, the Minister of For?
eign Affairs, will leave shortly for
Washington to act there as Bolivian
t'.nancial ;. i
iieorgians Ajjree to
Truce \\ ith Armenians
WASHINGTON, Jan. 25.?The Ar?
menians and Georgians, both having
declared their independence, followed
by armed conflict over disputed terri?
tory. have concluded a truce, says an
official dispatch received here to-day.
Briti . with the consent of
both parties. have occupied the terri?
tory in dispute and will administcr it
until a final determination of the quea
tion of rightful ownership is reached
oy the peaee conference.
Caperton lo Visit Brazil
TUO JANEIRO, Jan. 25. Edwin V.
Morgan. United States Ambassador,
has announced that the American
cruuers Denver, Cleveland and Pitts?
burgh. ln command of Admiral William
B. Caperton, will arrive at Santos on
rebrnary to remain a week. The of
iicers und rnen will be permitted to
visit Sao Paulo. This will be the first
visit made by Admiral Caperton to
urazii m two years.
ay Give Rein
l out iiuzeil fronz |>ng~e I
forceful comment, speaks of these
feat ures as follows :
"In the territory o? thc former I
Rus ian Empiri are two kinds of 'or- '
ganir.ed groups' which fultil the con* :
1 ditions necessary for admission zo ;
! the Prinkipo conference. The lirst, \
; whether they be considered as Rus?
sian governments or governments in- i
dependent of Russia in Esthonia j
or Lithuania, for instance -declare i
themselves ready to cooperate with i
i he Allies. On the other hand. there '
are found the Bolsheviki of Moscow i
and various Soviet governments,
which h;n e been created, ofter with i
thc complicity of the Germans, in
regions evacuated by German troops. j
"How did thc Bolsheviki obtain !
power in iii ssia in November, 1917? ,
By promising to make peace inimi di
ately. th-.t is to say, by leaving the
AU; s in the Wist confronted zvith
lhe entire German forces, They sub- I
si [uently cxecutcd this programme
of treason, md zve know what it nas ,
coi-.t us?thc Germans nearly reached
the s'nor ?:? of the Channel and Paris j
zvas nearly taken. Our troops zvere j
kiiled by the hundreds of thousancls, i
preventing the catastrophe prepared
by tlze Russian defection, And now,
at the Prinkipo conference. it is pro- '
po.?ed to receive these traitors on the !
same foting as our faith.ful friends. j
Is this that supreme justice which ;
the victory il the Allies is to insti
tute in tiie world ?" *
Prospect Not Inviting
the "Journal de Debats" says:
The greater number of Russians j
on whom the choice of the non-Bol- |
shevik groups would J'all have had .
relatives assassinated and tortured ,
by Fvihu-'s order. The prospect of
coming to sit beside the execution
ers of their relatives is not inviting
The communique further declares
that the associated governments "rec
ognize the revolution without reserva
tion and will in no way and in no cir- ,
cumstances give countenance to any
attempt ar counter revolution." If this
zvere qualifzed by limiting its applica
tion to the revolution against the old
monarchy it would be innocuous, but,
the present revolution finds expression
most completely in the German-pro
moted system of plunder, terror and
rapine known as Bolshevism.
If the associated governments mean
to declare to the world that under no
circumstances zvill they aid or give;
countenance to eforts to overthrow Bol- <
shevisnz which is the obvious inter-1
pretation of this paragraph?it may'
well be regarded as sounding a note of i
dislress and pessimism in tlze ears of
all those yearning for the reeestablisb
ment i E social order in the world.
I' is unfortunately characteristic of!
almcst everything Mr. Wilson writes
that while its first effect may be pleas
ing, close nerusal develops \ague and
often dangerous ambiguities. A facile
pen and easy speeeh have many times !
led him into unfortunate positions,'
from which nothing but accepted op-'
portunism couid extract him.
Bolshevism Is World Menace
The great menace of the world to
day, all thoughtful men recognize, is
the social discase known as Bolshe?
vism, which seeks to undermine all es-1
kzblished social order and all protec
tion to life, liberty and property, every- :
thing which constitues the ideals upon
which the American republic zvas
founded and on which the civilization
of the world has been built. Yet in
dealing with this menace now operating ,
upon >.t vast scale and over the great .
territory which was formerly Russia,1
tlie allied and associated governments
have found no better means than to
invite Lenine's and Trotzky's murder
ers and thieves to meet honest men in I
the Sea of Marmora to discuss a basis
for reestablishing peace, order and:
happiness throughout one quarter of
The invitation to this precious con?
ference, however. is conditioned upon
rhe establishment of "a truce of arms
among the parties invited." The Bol?
sheviki alone can profit by this condi?
tion. They have an organized soldiery
- kept in discipline by fod and pay. They
? are in control of arms and ammuni
; tion lacking to other bodies.
Reds I'se Terror Methods
As the "Temps" points out. they also
I have another weapon which they have
used. That is the terror which they
have employed unded forms of varied
peraecutions and shootings and some?
times under forms less obvious but
perhaps 'more efficacious and which
consist in the suppression of all news?
papers and all group sof opposition or
: m leaving an entire class of popula
; tion t.o die of hunger.
The general armistice which tie
powers seek to exact is not to be ap
plied to the class war. That would be
asking the Bolsheviki to commit suicide
I by persuasion. The terror will con?
tinue its zvork and the hands of those
who wish to end it will be tied. And
the "Temps" pertinently asks: "Is this
that democratic idea which the con
querors of Germany congratulate them?
selves on having made triumphant?"
Rule Paralyzes Industry
There is a further reflection that
merits consideration, and that is the
fact that wherever the Bolsheviki are
in power in Russia industry is pros
trated and agrieulture confined to the
cultivation of small areas in limited
; amounts by peasants for their own im
I mediate nee/ls, whereas in those parts
of the Crimea and the Ukraine which
616 FIFTH AVENUE
Created t'or the South
A sumptuous garment built of
b e a uti fully matched skins.
Would cost $15,000 to duplicate.
Three models. Exquisitely fash
ioned in skins of velvety softness.
thus far have escaped Bolshevik con?
trol not only do the crops promise to
be ample for local requ'irements, but
will offer sufficient supnlies and large
amounts of foodstuffs for Europe.
All this is put in jeopardy bv the en
couragement given to the Bolsheviki
in the recognition extended them by
the associated powers. The aetion of
the conference promises either to in?
crease the burdens upon the associated
powers to supply food t(? Europe or to
continue .to accentuate the famine
which threatens a considerable portion
of the Southeastern countries.
Made Comblne With Germans
There is a further consideration
which deserves mont ion. Germany,
with her large population of 30,000,000
small property owners, is accustomed
to social order and docile obediance to
constituted authority. It is not further
soil foi- the propagation oi* anarchistic ,
doctrine. Bolshevism wiil make little
headway there. The recent German I
elections, held even in this moment of
itefeat, afford a strong argument in
support of that conclusion. If the
Western Allies and the United States
abandon Russia she may be driven into ,
the arms of Germany as a means of
It would be a curious commentary '
upon the diplomacy of the Allied
powers if the war in whii'h Germany
was defeated by force of arms should '
result in bringing the German and Rus-j
sian peoples into an alliance in defence ,
of the fundamental rights of life and
property. The effect which such an al?
liance might have on the future peace.
of the world may be readily imagined.
Dangers Are Understood.
No one doubts that the representa?
tives of the great powers now assem- |
bled in Paris fully appreciate the
dangers of Bolshevism. What, then. is
the explanation of this nerveless and'
timid me-thod in dealing with it? It
may be found in the fact that after
four years and a half of wasting war- '
fare none of the armies o fthe As?
sociated Powers is willing to face ;?
prolonged campaign and continued
hardships in Russia. and none of the i
nations, except America, is in a finan?
cial condition to foot the hill which I
such intervention would involve.
So, the Associated Powers, in effect,
say: "Russia must stew in her own!
.iuice. If all faetions in Russia?an-'
archists and those who strive for order |
and liberty alike?will send delegates '
to meet the representatives of the pow
ers they will be glad to confer with '
them, provided they cease fighting in :
the mean time."
'Lakes-to-Ocean' Plan Aided
Senate Committee Favors Joint
Aetion for Waterway
WASHINGTON, Jan. 25. -The plan
for the "Lakes-to-Ocean" highway
moved forward in Congress to-day
when the Senate Commerce Committee
adopted an amendment to the pending
rivers and harbors appropriation bill
proposing joint aetion by the United
States and Canada toward establish
ing a waterway for oceangoing vessels
between the Great Lakes and the At
The amendment was offered by Sena?
tor Lenroot, of Wisconsin. It was
adopted unanimously by the committee.
Representatives of the states di
rectly interested in this project will
hold a conference here on February 1,
just before the meeting of ihe annual
Rivers and Harbors Congress, to plan
aetion in support of the movement.
Court Reserves Decision
On Removal of Ruiiie ly
Lawyer Argnes Imlictment Here
Covers "Mail" Ownership
Charge of Washington !?ill
Judge Mayer in thc Federal Distriet
Court yesterday heard argumenl on
v.-rits of habeas corpus and certiorari
obtained lo prevent the removal of Dr.
Edward A. Rumely, form. r publisher of
''The Evening Mail," to Washington to
plead on an indictment against him
there, charging that hc concealcd the
German ownership of "Tlze Mail" fronz
ttlze Alien Property Custodian.
Frederick Powell, counsel for Or.
Rumely. told Judge Mavcr of the
acquircment of tlze Newspaper on
what was known as the Walter Lyon
notes, which aggregatcd Sl,400,000, aml
the formation of the S. S. McClurc*
Newspaper Corporation as a holding
company. Ile said that the Lyon notes
zvere cancelled two years after the pur?
chase of "Tlie Mail."
Mr. Powell contended there was no
reason why his clicnt should lie tried
on the Washington indictment, as lhe
indictment found in New Tork involved
exaclly the same issue.
It is the government's theory thal
the indebtedness representcd by the
Lyort notes was really an indebtedness
to the imperial German government.
Assistant United States Attorney
Harold Harpcr, in explaining this and
JlsUlTKr i'tw tlin fllcmlocnl r, f ,1... ,..,.;*,.
iiniwic iuii|ii-r, in e x pi.a 1 n lllfr; Ulls allu
asking for the dismissal of the writs,
said that it was in the discretion Of
tthe eourt to order Dr. Rumely's re?
moval to Washington. Judge Mayer
Says Kaiser Is to Return
Berlin Newspaper Hears He
LONDON, lan. 25, A Berlin dispatch
to "'lhe Daily Mail" under Friday's
"A sensational special edition selling
rapidly on the streets here maintains
that the former Kaiser and hi; family
intend t" retum to Germany as soon
as the National Assembly has given
the country a legal constitution."
Edward de Billy. French
Representative Here, Sees
Effort to Split the Allies
The sincerity of Germany's effort
! to take on a peace of democracy was
questioned in an address last night
by Edward de Billy, Deputy High
! French Commissioner, who said that.
1 tiie strongest guarantees should be
exacted before the world could afford
to accept the Germany democracy as
real. lie spoke at the Pennsylvania
Society dinner, at the Waldorf-Astoria
: last night.
"Since, in order to have peace, our
enemies have hastily taken on the ap
pearance of democracy" we have the
right to doubt whether it is possible
that a few weeks should have destroyed
tiie result of fifty years of Prussian
ism," ln- said.
"We are entitled to ask for .guar?
antees before believing in them,. De?
mocracy is not a formula. made of
words. It is a reality in the minds of
men. It means respect of each man's
liberty. it also means that the chances
are equal for every man. according to
his natural gifts, whateyer may be his
birth or his wealth; that every man,
; and soon every woman, through his
vote, has an equal aetion on the coun
fry's politics; that justice is the same
for all. This what we are living for,
you and me, notwithstanding differ
ences of form, ull believing, according
to the famous words of President I.in
'coin, m Ihe government of the peo?
ple, by Ihe people and for the people.
Problms Are Complex
"It is important that we should
stand firmly by these beliofs, espe
cially now that the enemy, beaten by
force oi arms. X endeavoring to gain
by subtie intrigue the advantages that
he could not conquer by force. Wha!
a splendid opportunity is given him
by Xie peace confere.nce! The prob?
lems io be discussed are complex, the
difficulties are great. What a triumph
if the secret diplomacy of the Central
'Powers succeeded in splitting the Al
. lies, in influencing them to oppose
\ each other, in persuading gach of them
'hat. he others were neither sincere
. true io the priircinles of which
' they boast ! Wow, as well as on the
hattlc-fields, our enemies must be
beaten". Tiny will be defeated bv our
friendship, strong enough to creat ?
? imong ourselves an understanding
j which will resist any intrigue.
"It is impossible that p nnts of view
should not at first be somewhat dif?
ferent. The problems of Europe are
| difficult to understand from outside.
j Pirst. what is not easy to realize is the'
lack of balanced unity in the different
countries. Here in America. vou are
in a very fortunate position. The
; founders uf th" states came to this
country with such a strength of , n
thusiasf and of convictions, that then
created a national mind which has had
power enough to absorb, to swallow
up, jf 1 may say so, the mentalities of
! the immigrants. To-day, foreign-born
Americans are true to American ideals.
: loyal to American patriotism."
Lewis Backs World League
Senator James Hamilton Lewis ap?
peared before the society as a stanch
advocate of a league of nations. He
said that the peace of the world de
manded such a league, but that the
interests of the United States required
it more than any other power.
"Let us not disguise our to-mor
rows," he said, "lest we grope fcjain
in thc blind delusion of our security
fc^at so nearly zvas our national un
doing in thc .yesterdays fresh to our
I memorie ?-."
Tho United States, he asserted, would
enter the period of world peace richer,
| with less securely defendad coasts and
with more envy and ancient srievances
? to contend fgainst than any of the
"If those who were invited to con
flict by our summons to ri:,e and strike
for liberty shall fail in all their hopes
? of nationality and much of their ex?
pected gahis their disappointment
means added enmity to us," sad the
? lllinois Senator.
I'ears More Trouble
"If thc Allies and their auxiliaries
shall be thwarted in a ??? efforts to ;zk
grandize theii possessions and increase
their bounties by any obstruction of
cur doctrines, these will be our secret
enemies and sullenly zvait their hoped
for hour. The enemies who were over
come taking courage from the discon
tent and revolt of our former friends- -
will marshal themselves in any array
or- alliance to revenge their own hu
"Let there be no surprise if the pres?
ent sentiment of destruction cf law
and anarchy of all government, now
rampant in the world, shall take its
course in Kussia, Germany, Japan and
China, zvith the hordes of their hun?
dred- of millions, and as its first ob
jiet of gratification turn with a com
pact of all these against the one land
i ach has a grievanc ! nijinst."
Japanese Ohjeet to
League of Nations Plan
TOKIO, Jan. 22 (By The Associattd
Press i. The opposition in the Lower
House of the Japanese Parliament is
continuing its heckling of the govern?
ment. Keisuke Mochizuki and others
have charged the government zvith
placing the Siberiam interests of
Japan under American control and
have argued that the projected league
or' nations would prove futile. The un
equal treatment of Japanese by the
United States has been likewise point?
ed to, as has the probability of Amer?
ican naval expansion.
The government declined to replv to
President of Liberia Lands
In Spain on Way to Paris
CADIZ, Spain, Jan. 24.?Daniel P.
Howard, President of Liberia, arrived
j here today on his way to the Peace
; Conference. Ile left immediately for
Paris by way of Bar
Pope Receives L". S. Navy Men
ROME, Jan. 24.?Pope Benedict to
day received a group of American
naval officers. rhey zvere presentcd
by Monsignor O'Hern. rector of the
American College in Rome.
AcSjoining Grand Central Terminal
; 2000 ROOMS
GET OFF THE THAIN ANO TURN TO THE LEFT
Opens January 28th
Throws wide its hospitable doors and bids the world
With all its magnitude?its luxurious Aladdin appoint
ments and appliances for the comfort and convenience
of many people, the COMMODORE'S fame will be built
on the perfect serviee of the individual- guest in
BOWMAN HOTEL CORPORATION A
John McE. Bowman Geo w Sweeney
Vice-Ptesidont nnd General Mamtgar
at\45?& ~ 8ftvc?\4 9l\\ S\s,
Bigger bargains than ever are
ziffered toinake the balance of the'
month record days.
Note the followinp radical reduc?
MEiVS UNION SUITS
Carter's make; our entire line oi
inediuni and heavy weight; all tirst
qualities, regular stock goods.
Medium weight Balbriggan.
Reg. price 2.7 5. fur.'.1.85
Heavy weight Balbrigg.ni.
! Reg. price 2.85. for..1.95
Heavy weight Gre\ Merino.
Reg. price 3.3 5, for.2.25
Heavy weight White Mercerized.
Reg. price 4.25. for.2.95
Heavy'weight Grey Merino.
Heg. price 4.75.'.3.25
Heavy weight Grey Merino.
Reg. price 5.25. for.3.75
Medium weight Grey Merino.
Reg. price 5.7 5. for.4.25
. li.x. heavy weight Grey Merino.
Reg. price 7.50, tor.5.50
House Votes Annuitv
To Mrs. Roosevelt
WASHINGTON, Jan. 3*.?The Jiouse,
by a vote oi 251 to '.'. to-day passed the
bill introduced by Representative (ial
livan, of Massachusetts, to provide a
$0,000 annuity to the widow of Colonel
Roosevelt. A similar measure, intro?
duced by Senator Smoot, of I'talz, al?
ready passed the Senate, so the bill
now goes to the President.
Seven of tbe nine members of the
House who voted against the measure
hail fronz Texas. The members re?
corded against the biil were Repre?
sentatives Jones, Black, Blanton. Slay
den, Ga'rretx, Connally and Buchanan.
all of Texas; Quinn. of Mississippi.
and Doughton, of North Carolina.
A bill proposed by Representative
Gallivan to grant the franking privi
lege to Mrs. Roosevelt. will be favor
ab'.y reported by the Post Office Com?
Representative- Bacharach, of New
Jersey. to-day introduced a biil to make
October 27 a national legal holiday. to i
be known as "Roosevelt's Birthdav."
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Brushed all wool, V neck.
Reg. price 10.50, for.4 95
Brushed all wool, roll collar.
Reg. price 12.50, for.5 45
Fine Knitted, large roll collar.
Heg. price 8.75, for.S.95
Extra heavy Shaker knit, all wool,
Reg. price 16.50, for.9 45
Cardigan Jackets, black only; sizes
up tn 50; pure worsted.
Keg. price 9.00, for.5 qc
Sweater Vests?all wool; grYj
only; reg. price 7.50, for. . .5,45
line all wool Nov. Sweater, mixed
colors, grey and green and g'rej and
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< ?ur entire line ol v. hj-^
Grade Bath Robes, Blai ket and
rerry. Every Rol
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Values up to 12.50 5 50
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