Newspaper Page Text
il. S. Held Back
Editor of "Bull" Acts as
His Own Attorney and
Charges Unfair Tactics
Declare?* His Americanism
Denies He Knew Contribu?
tor of $5,000 to Truth
Society Was a German
Jeremiah A. O'Leary assumed per?
sonal command oi his own defence
yesterday before Judge A. N. Hand in
tho Federal District Court, where he
?a or. trin! charged with conspiracy to
obstruct the operation of tho selective
?ervice act. i!c attacked and demanded
the immediate punishment of news?
paper reporters, whom he accused of
writing inaccurate accounts of the
trial, and bitterly assailed the govern?
ment for withholding certain docu?
ments from him which he described as
necessary to his defence.
Mr. O'Leary took up the cross-ex?
amination of Arthur Wiener, a wit
for the prosecution, who testified on
Tuesday ho had turned over $5,000
given to him by Dr. Heinrich Albert,
the German spy and propaganda pay?
master, to the American Truth Society,
of which O'Leary was president.
During the examination of Wiener,
O'Leary loudly proclaimed his ''Ameri?
canism'' and launched into a savage at?
tack or. Earl Barnes, Assistant United
States Attorney, and other government
employes who have taken part in the
prosecution. He charged Mr. Barnes
was withholding letters of his seized
bv agents of the Department of Jus?
tice The defendant explained that by
?a? of these letters he could prove that
at the time Dr. Albert contributed the
$5000 to the American Truth Society
he did not know just who the German
Contempt Kule Demanded
0'Learv asked that the government ?
prosecutor be held in contempt and
that the interrogation of the witness,
be suspended until the missing docu?
ment was produced.
"It is then the duty of the court.
Jeremiah. O'Leary asserted, "to commit
for contempt those who have diso?
beyed the order of this court. Justice
cannot be don<> under these condi?
tions." . ,
"The District Attorney, said Judge
Hand, "has said that he will do all he
can to locate and produce the papers.
You may proceed with your cross
Jeremiah O'Leary obediently re?
sumed his examination of Wiener,
seeking to show that the chief interest
of the American Truth Society was
the United States and not Germany.
The witness acknowledged that it was
through his own efforts that ho was
itirod'iced to Jeremiah O'Leary. He
vas born in Germany, he said. He
: :.-:-? dinner t the
Rofbrauhaus his questioner had de?
faced taat America was not interested
in Vmgs or kaisers.
Admits U. S. Warned Him
The Department of Justice, he con?
tinued, had warned him against ir.ti- '
?r.aey with Jeremiah O'Leary and he '
had told officials of that department
that O'Leary did not know the source
of tile Albert money which he received
for the American Truth Society, The
Federal officiai?, he said, had always
treated him courteously.
H. Snowden Marshall interrupted
the cross-examination at this point
with an objection, getting the imme?
diate retort from the cross-examiner:
"if you send me to jail for 100 years
I have got some rights in thi3 court."
The complaint about the missing
check book, letters and diary was re- '
sumed at this point by O'Leary. who
said that he couldn't go on as he
wished with the cross-examination
unless he had them. However, ho had
several employes of the Department
of Justice who were in court rise to
be identified by Wiener.
On redirect examination Mr. Os
bome developed the fact that Wiener
did not thinlche had a copy of a letter
from him to O'Leary concerning which
he had testified previously. O'Leary
had been insistent upon the production
of thi c int nding that
Then I ? ? - he knew
Bothing whatever of Albert.
Karl George Frank, a doctor oc p] :
losophy. a member of the An. er i can
Truth Society and
H was at the Hoibrauhaus meeting,
wo, h- , 9 ;.,?.
I '? <!!d not coi
loyal. H . own loyalty to America, he
*aid, had never been questioned '
Mr-;. ?<? Kurt F
*?s en | y the Amer
Society afl a stenographer in 1916,
the only other day.
wte? which Mr. Osbor
ner to identity a" having been
';?'?'*'-' I to ? here she rei
itz?v and could not
?nether she had written thorn \.<
Mr. 0?b rig iar,j
;;**r^' ' ( all of
*? '; rned by Wayne Mom-;.
i - Wayne Morr
jeremiah O'Leary*? pseudonym-.
Call? I'oem Un-American.
The prosecution holns that the tenor
verse on the card is un-Amei
',c*n ;-' king to - that
r*w?i*a O'Learj ? and
?a tent it tnrough the maun. It was
??uecesi?ul ,;; |t8 attempt to do so
WMgh Mr?. Kelly,
?"????be? by Jci
LV,?!/ r? -"? jur^' Arthur O'Leary
???ting that not a word |? ??. , . t
objected to the books
"?pamphlet;, being admitted as evi
?"? tb? ground that they
B???r*L .X***M hedi4notsM how
"* Woseention hoped to prove anything
'; WSthjgs of O'Leary two years
' wa ?? war.
??* **" "'"">' P?opl? in this
SKL??^i1"?* bating th<
,.vc*H'"f< ??"* the attorney.
' ?Vf . . . '* ' '?''I. I't
"*<J to the iury.
^i,r IT, V??'?'"" hy '-' '-'"'v ?ntitled
? ?a? going on Mr.Oa
' r*.ad, J> '
t'ir'j off U'
?' ? introduced ?'
First Lieutenant Byron T. Burt, jr., of
108 West Seventy-third Street, shown
in the upper left, an observer in the
balloon section, was cited for brav?
ery, aa were also First Lieutenant
Percy Eivington Pyne, Jr., of t>80
Madison Avenue, shown on the right,
and Second Lieutenant Sigbert A. (i.
Norris, of 128 East. Sixtieth Street.
on the lower left o? the picture.
?ist of subscribers and members of the
American Truth Society, which con?
tained many German 'names, ano1, the ,
witness was turned over to the desrice
for exanLnation. Colonel Felder asked
that O'Leary be allowed to examine
Mrs. Kelly," and the request was
In answer to his questions the wit?
ness told of the workings of the Ameri?
can Truth Society. She said the
pamphlets and circulars were sent all
over the country and most of the ac?
tivities of the organization were con
! fined t? holding meetings. Mrs. Kelly
! said O'Leary knew nothing of the
j money coming in and that he did not
ever, look at the face of the checks
when he signed them.
Before the former stenographer left
the stand she said, in answer to a ques- ?
tion, she never had entered the names
of members on the books unless the.y
signed application cards saying that
they were American citizens.
The trial will be/continued to-day.
'Wet' Bill Asks for
4 Per Cent Beer, ?
10 Per Cent Wine'
ALBANY, Feb. 5.?Labor leaders,
legislator? and others who do not be?
lieve that New York should be turned
into a desert have completed a rough
draft of a light wine and beer bill
which will be introduced next week.
The bill defines an intoxicating bev?
erage as. "any beer or ale containing
not more than 4 per cent alcohol and
'^any wine containing not more than 10
per cent alcohol." A further provi?
sion provides that not more than one
pint of wine shall be sold to an adult
in any twenty-four hours, and that he
shall not consume more than one pint
of wine during that period.
Charles ?. Donohue, minority
leader of the Assembly, said there
might be some slight changes in the
bill before its introduction.
Its backers declare that the bill
will be introduced in the Assembly by
a Republican and in the Senate by a
Democrat, and predict its passage.
The publication in The Tribune of
the plans of the Anti-Saloon League
to have the Legislature define as an
intoxicating beverage any liquid con
taining more than one-half of one per
cent alcohol, tit less it wa? so highly
medicated as to render the concoction
? for drinking purposes, was fol
'- ? ed by statements by Republican
!egi la'.ive leaders here that the whole
subject should be left for the next
The "wets," and especially officials
State Federation of Labor, will
oppose any such move, and threaten
to appeal to the Governor to call an
extra session if'the Legislature ad?
journs without acting on the proposed
light wine and beer bill.
The "wets" regard the proposed bill
of the Anti-Saloon League as a card
in their j'avor. Some of their leaders,
including William H. Hirst, counsel |
to hi New York State Association of i
Brewer?, were hero to-day conferring
egislators. The "wets" say that
patent medicino manufacturers who
had hoped to reap for! unes jn this state j
through the sale of patent "modi-;
? ? ," composed of water and sugar!
and pleasant-tasting herbs and plenty ?
o? alcohol, will join their ranks
eerie? of bills defining an intoxi-j
beverage as any compound con- j
rig more than 10 per cent of
, repealing the loca\ option law:
arid abolishing the state Kxcise De
partment were introduced in the As?
sembly to-day by Clarence P. Walsh,'
"Dry" Forcen to Oppose
Half Per Cent lieer
WASHINGTON, Feb. 5. Beer con
n ng an much its one-half of 1 per
cent of alcohol wii.1 certainly not be toi?
erated under national prohibition,
Wayne H. Wheeler, general counsel of
the Anti-Saloon League, declared to?
night, thu? crushing the hopes BX
i In New York City that U per
cent beer would be held as non-intoxi?
There i? bairn for those with "private
" however, In another statement
by Mir, Wheeler, which Is to the effect
that there will be no searching of
hones "unless such private residences
become a place of public resort, for
ng or fur the ?ale or Illegal dis
ti ibution of ?laoor."
Discussing the 2 per cent beer pro
Mr. Wheeler said:
??j he Peder?! government bas adopted
the standard th*t one-half of I pet cent
of alcohol subjectg the seller to the
payment of the liquor revenue t.iix o?)
-,/tinf liquor, There Is no reason
eve ?hat Congress will adopt m
lower ;sUi/)d:u<i than the Peder?] gov
-.;.(.' nt I? now using "
Effort Last Year
"Rifle Strength" at Start
of Spring Overcome in
Midsummer and Quickly
Crushed in the Autumn
WASHINGTON, Feb. f..?The story
of Germany's supreme effort for mili?
tary victory in the spring of 1918, of
American intervention on the Western
front and of the ultimate crushing de?
feat of the enemy and the apparent an?
nihilation of nearly one-half of his
lighting force was graphically told in
figures made public to-day by the War
They dealt with the "rifle strength"
of the Allies and the German forces on
the Western front in monthly periods,
from April 1 to November 1, and were
prepared by the intelligence division of
the general staff of the American army
By rifle strength was meant the
"number of men standing in the trench
ready to go over with the bayonet."
When Germany struck her great blow
last spring she bad a million and a
half men so classified, against an Allied
total of a million and a quarter. By
June 1 the Germans had reached their
peak with 1,639,000 rifles., but despite
the terrific pressure they were exerting
against the Allied lines, American aid
was overcoming the handicap and
finally it made possible the counter
blow delivered in July.
Tho\ Allied strength in June was
1,496\000. Shortly afterward tlTe Allies
reached a total of 1,5-17,000, composed
of 778,000 French, 515,000 British and
254.000 Americans. America's contri?
bution had risen from 05,000 in April.
On July 1 Germany's power had begun
to wane, and for the first time she was
definitely inferior in rifle strength, with
1,412,000, compared to 1,556,000 for the
Up to September 1 the Allied strength
continued to gain despite the desperate
counter-attack which was being driven
forward all along the line, In mid
October the American strength had
risen to an estimated force of .'150,000.
On September 1 the Allied line was at
its greatest strength, with 1.082,000
rifles against Germany's 1J139.000.
While the Allies had shrunk in rifles
to 1,485,000 on November I, Germany's
last, hope was gone, as she faced that
army with only 866,000 bayonet,.
; In a rough way, the American rifle
strength has represented about 20 per
cent of the total American force in
France continuously. This accounts for
the fact that with a total of more than
two iuil>fhn men in France on Novem?
ber 11 the rifle strength in October
was estimated at around 850,0j00 men.
A similar situation was shown in staff
reports as to the total Allied strength,
reckoned as "ration strength," which
was continuously greater than that of
the German army throughout the spring
and summer lasL year.
A table prepared by General Per
shing's staff showing the comparative
rifle strength of the opposing armies
from April i to November 1, 1918, fol?
April 1. 1,245,000 1,569,000
May 1. 1,343,000 1,600,000
June J. 1,496,000 1,639,000
July I. 1,056,000 1,412,000
AujitiM 1. 1,072,000 1,395,000 i
September 1. 1,682,000 1,339,000
October 1. 1,694,000 1,223,000
November 1. 1,485,000 866,000
Thursday evening, February 18, has been
set anide u? "authors' ninht" at. the (avio
Club, Among the ?peakora will be Jehu
R??d, Floyd !><?!!, Mary Vida Clark and
Mury Caroline Paviea.
Owing to the lea oned appropriations of
the city for the Museum of .Natural H?h
tory, the director? of the museum yesterday
announced that it would ba open to the
public from 10 to 4 o'clock week day?, in- |
attuil of from '.' i" >>. a ? wow la the custom. I
The Republican Club of New York will
hold ii memorial service In honor <>f Theo? I
dor? ttooaevelt ut the clubhouse, M West
Fortieth Htreet, next Sunday afternoon.
Charlo* E. Hughes will deliver tba memorial ?
Major Kdward H. Bnydor, of th? Old
Guard, announced the resignation of Cap?
i.-.iii tuei Adjutant A. I* Vredtmbttrgb, who
bad served In that capacity for eleven
year?. II? will be suseeeded by Wlllinm
Arrives Here With.
1,762 U. S. Troops
Transport Duca d'Aosta,
From Marse iiles.Gets Only
Faint Welcome, but Men
Find Joy in Getting Home
Hands, welcoming committees and
Red Cross workers were just prepar?
ing to set out to greet several return?
ing transports early yesterday morn?
ing, when the great hulk of the Duca
d'Aosta moved up the bay and landed
its cargo of 1,702 American soldiers
at Fifty-seventh Street.
, _ It wo." the first ship to bring troops
j from Marseilles, which port the Duca
! d'Aosta left on January 20, stopping
| at Gibraltar on January 23.
i The slender welcome extended by
the few who got down to the pier in
I time, to greet the homecoming troops
| did not serve to depress them. On
the contrary, they grinned their joy at
I the evident fsj;i that they had stolen
a march on those who had planned
; to act as reception committee.
Of the 1,762 men aboard the ship.
j there were 122 casual officers. 84 of
whom belonged to tho air service, who
I could boast of faking an actual hand
,! in the war. There were two complete
field artillery outfits, whose members
complained' that Germany had col?
lapsed just two weeks too soon. Had
the war continued they would have
j reached the front.
Those who feel that they have a
grievance against the Germans that
? no indemnity can repay belong to the
331st Field Artillery of the 80th
Division, consisting of 60 officers and
1,282 men. under tho command of
Colonel William M. Lambdin, and a
portion of the 339th Field Artillery,
SSth Division. Both loft immediately
for Camp Merritt, where they will rc
I main until they are ordered West.
Colonel Lambdin's command is com?
posed of draft men from Wisconsin
and Illinois, who reached France in
August. Three hundred member:' of l
the unit were sent forward as replace- ?
ment troops the remainder going into i
training. Practically the same ex-|
periencc awaited the men of the iinoth, j
whose members came from Iowa and'
Among the interesting figures ?
pointed out by the returning soldiers'
was Lieutenant Martin F. Constanti
neau, who left his home in Lowell, :
Mass., in January of last year as a '
private. Rare bravery under tire re- !
?u ted in his promotion and the con?
ferring on him of the Distinguished
Service Cross. j
Constantineau was a corporal when.!
at Chateau Thierry, the platoon he
commanded was ordered forward. He
went forward with such speed that
his little group penetrated the German
line and was surrounded. One by. one
his men were shot down. The cor?
poral continued to fire at the circle of
foes about him, says the official record,!
un'il he was rescued by another dc- I
tachment that came to his relief.
On the return trip the corporal was
gassed. Notwithstanding his own
weakened condition, he made three
trips across No Man's Land, bringing
an unconscious private back with him
each time. After the third trip he col?
lapsed and was himself dragged within
the American lines.
The experience of Lieutenant Frank
F. Hughes, of Atlanta, was another of
the stone,-; that men on the ship de-N
lighted to repeat. The youthful lieu?
tenant was sailing over the German
lines, 12,000 feet above the ground,
when the chance shot of an anti-air?
craft gun brought him down. He
landed in r?o Man's Land, where he
was greeted by a salvo from a group
of machine guns. He rushed to a shell
hole to escape the rain of bullets,
where he was forced to remain, with?
out food or water, foi three days un?
der a constant fire of enemy shells.
On the morning of the fourth day he
Lieutenant Clare Maxwell, who was
star pitcher for the University of Chi?
cago, was among the returning avi?
$13,000,000 Is ;
Asked of City
Damage Claims of Concerns
on Subway Work Placed
Before Controller Craig
Subway contractors have, placed be
! fort: Controller Craig claims for dam
; ages amounting to about Sto,000,000.
The Controller made a compromise
i settlement with both the Interconti?
nental Construction Corporation and
i the Degnon Contracting Company,
. whose respective claims lor damages
were in e;ieit instance slightly over
$1,000,000, for about $325,000 in each
Controller Craig was attacked by the
Public Service Commission f?r making
these s' tt lernen! -;. < lommissioner Travis
H. Whitney, asserting thai there had
been an entirely unwarranted degree of
| privacy about the adjustments, and as?
serting that, in 'lie judgment of the
commission, the city had been a loser
to the extent, of $300.000 in the case of
the Intercontinental Company, whose
damage.; thi engineers of the Public
Sei vice Commission figured at about
Controller Craig stoutly asserted, in
answer to this charge, that there had
been no secrecy about the settlement,
and that, the adjustment had been
reached alter the fullest investigation.
Other contractors are seeking an ad?
justment of their claims, ?i is under
. food i he Con1 roller has told all of
them he will not. he hurried in tin mat
ter of examining the variou i item p. : nd
that every dollar of damages claim d
will have to he proved boforu the citj
At the office of the Public Service
Commission this halt, in the settlement
of the damage claims is attributed to
the letter Which Commissioner Travis
JI. Whitney .sent to the Governor,
blaming the Controller for not co?
operating with the commission in the
adjustment, of '.he damage claims,
Some of the larger damage claims,
awaiting disposition by tho ControllerI
Hoot h & Flinn, Ltd. (six claims). .$1,461,891
Cranford < 'ompany.!, 190,576
A. L. Guidonc & Son. 112,389
T, H. Reynolds Construction Com?
pany . 218,2951
Dotrnon Contracting; Company
(four claims). t,285,820
United States Realty and Improve?
ment Company. 975,852 '
Bradley Contracting Company,... 889,914
William <:. Cooper, Inc. 162,920
Hoihrook, Cabot ,'?' Rollins. 8,843,883
Intercontinental Construction Cor?
poration . 1.038.15I
E, E. Smith Contracting Company. 223,862
Litchfleld Construction Company. 707,235
Hays to Speiik on Roosevelt
Will II. Rays, chairman of the Re?
publican National Committee, will
leave today for Indianapolis, where j
ho will be the "Roosevelt memorial"
speaker at tho joint session of tho
Indiana legislativo bodies. From there
he will go to Pittsburgh Tor the Ihn
eolu I'av dinner of the Ameiicns Clnh.
Wages for Prisoners Asked
; Sing Sing Warden Urge* Visit?
ing Reformers to Back Flea
OSSINING, X. Y? Feb. 5.?Fifty per
! sons interested in prison reform, who
: made a pilgrimage to Sing ?Sing to
day, were asked by Warden William
Moyer to help get wages for prison
j crs. The pilgrimage closed a three
; day conference of members of the Na
i tional Committee on Prisons and
! Prison Labor at the New York resi
j dence of Adolph Lewisohn.
"The prisoners are doing splendid
! work on the building of the new
! prison at Sing Sing," said Warden
; Moyer. "I believe the new prisons at
I Sing Sing and Wingdale should be
I built by prison labor. ? also believe
j the state should pay the prisoners
i what it would have to pay for con?
tractor's labor. So long as I cm
| warden I am going to fight to pay the
| prisoners their just dues for their
j labor. I want you visitors to urge the
Assembly to provide for paying pris?
! 7 NewYorkers
I Win War Cross
For Air Feats
| Lieut. Percy Pyiie, Jr., Beat
Off 12 Enemy 'Pianos
In One of His Flights
Seven air service officers from New]
York are among the wearers of the .
Distinguished Service Cross, according
to the official citations just released!
They arc First Lieutenants 'Percy;
Rivington Pyne, jr., of 680 Park Avc-i
nue, First Lieutenant Harold H. Rem- j
ington Deb Vernam, of 66 Broadway:
First Lieutenant Harold H. George of
210 Last Tenth Street, First Lieuten?
ant Byron T. Burt, jr., of 108 West
Seventy-third Street:, Second Lieuten?
ant Sigbert A. G. Norris of 128 h*st
Sixtieth St'cet, First Lieutenants War?
ren Edwin Katon of Norwich, N. Y., and
William W. Waring, deceased, of;
l-'ranklinvillc, N. Y.
Lieutenant Pyne, a son of Percy Riv- '?
ington Pyne, a banker, fought a fight
high, above Dun-sur-Meuse which even
the official phraseology of the com?
munique cannot fail to picture as tre?
mendously daring and splendid.
Detailed as an escort for three pho?
tographic planes, Lieutenant Pyne went
over the lines the morning of October
23, 191?i. A formation of five Fokkers
dove on the four Yankee machines.
Pyne attacked once, and his fire and
that of the three observers in the pho?
tographic machines caused the enemy
The work of taking pictures went
on. Again a formation?this time of
seven Hun scouts?was seen approach?
ing. They attacked. Despite the odds,
Lieutenant Pyne dashed into the middle
of the hostile formation, twisting,
turning, half-rolling and shooting as
fast as his guns would work. He broke
up the formation. One Hun went crash?
ing down to his death, and the re?
maining six limped back to their aero?
Another remarkable feat is that per?
formed by Lieutenant Vernam. On
October 10, 191S near Buzancy he suc?
cessfully attacked two stationary bal?
loons. As soon as his plane was sighted,
the enemy began to haul down their
gas-bags. Lieutenant Vernam followed
them down, despite the fact that sev?
eral German scouts were above him.
and fired one. He then turned his
guns on the other, and when only a
few hundred feet above the earth suc?
ceeded 'in setting it afire.
He was five miles over the lines and
not more than ten meters up. Machine
guns, anti-aircraft, rifle, and field guns
blazed away at him. Zig-zagging like
a bat and climbing all the time, the
Yankee pilot fought his way back to
his own 'drome. His machine was
riddled, but he was unscathed.
The Official Awards
The official awards follow:
First Lieutenant Percy Rivington Pyne,
103d Aero Pursuit Squadron. For extraordi?
nary heroism in ??ction near Dun-sur-Meuse,
France, October _:!, L918. While protecting
three 'planea on a photographie mission. Lieu?
tenant Pyne attacked and drove oil' five ene?
my machines l. Fokker type). Later another
German formation of seven (Fokker type) was
encountered, hut despite the odds Lieutenant
Pyne swung up into the midst of the enemy
nnd scattered them, diving on one o? the Fok?
kers and sending it crashing to the ground.
Homo address, 680 Park Avenue, New York
First Lieutenant Keminton Deb Vernam,
pilot, 22d Aero Squadron. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Buzancy, France, Oc
tober 10, 1918. Successively attacking two
i nomy balloons, which were moored to their
nests, Lieutenant Vernam displayed the high?
est degree of daring. He executed his task
despite tho fact that several enemy 'planes
were above him, descending to an altitude of
less than ten metres when five miles within
the enemy lines. His well directed fire caused
both balloons to hurst into flames. Addres.?,
66 Broadway, New York City?
First Lieutenant Harold H. George, 139th
Ai ro Squadron. For extraordinary heroism
in action near Banthcville, France, October
27, 1918. _ Lieutenant George displayed great
courage in attacking a formation of four
enemy 'planes (Fokker type), destroying two
of them in a terrific fight and driving the
other two back to their own territory. Home
nddre s, 210 East Tenth Street, New York
First Lieutenant Byron T. Burt. jr.. Avia?
tion Section, observer Balloon Section. For
repeated acts of heroism in action near Gri- I
court, France, Aug. 4-11; near Sommedieue, I
France, Sept. IG, and near Avricourt, France,
Oct. 1, 1918. On each of these ocasiona
Lieutenant Hurt remained with hi-? balloon,
making important observations of the ene- .
ray's positions and directing our artillery fire !
until hi, ballon was set on fire by incendiary :
bullets from enemy aircraft. On one occasion ;
he refused to jump until his companion, a ;
student observer, was safely away. Home
address, 108 West Seventy-third Street, New
Second Lieutenant Sigbert A. G. Norris,
Aviation Section, observer, J 1th Aero Squad-1
ion. For extraordinary' heroism in action !
near Dun-sur-Meuse, France, Sept. 26, 1918. '
Deeming it impossible to catch their own |
formation Lieutenant. Norris, with Lieuten?
ant Willii m Waring, pilot, attached (1 emsnlvea :
to a formation from the 20th Squadron and
i : gaged io a t?itrty-flvc minute light v ith
thirty enemy aircraft. Five of the 20th
quadron nere lost am! tho observer of one
< tho remaining plane;; seriously wounded.
'J he wounded man had fallen to a position ,
which had made the control of tho machine
difficult Lieutenant Norris immediately mo-1
tiotied for his pilot to take a position le
tween the enemy formation and the crippled
companion, in order to protect it and eon
tinued to fight o!f tho enemy 'planer until ?
our lines were crossed.
First Lieutenant William W. Wnrinc, de- i
ceased, Aviation lectio-,, pilot, For extraor?
dinary hero) : "i notion near Dun-sur- I
Mouse, France, Sept, 26, 1918. Deeming it :
?mposi Ible to catch their own formation, ]
lieutenant Waring, with Lieutenant Sigbert
Norris, observer, attached themselves to a !
formation from the 20th Squadron nnd en- '
gaged in a thirty-five minute light with j
thirty enemy aircraft. Five of this squadron i
were lost and the observer of one of the
three renaming "planes seriously wounded.
The wounded man had fallen ?n a position !
which made tho control of the machine diffl- ?
pult. Lieutenant Waring immediately placed ?
his machine between the enemy formation;
and the crippled companion in order to pro- !
(??et It, and continued to fly in this place \
until our lines were crossed and the enemy j
?co?ts driven off. Homo address, Franklin
ville, N. V.
First Lieutenant Warren Edwin Baton,
Aviation Section, 103d Aero Squadron. For
extraordinary heroism In action near Hanthe
ville, France, Oct. in. 1918. With one other
pilot Lieutenat Eaton engaged ?n enemy
formation of eleven 'planes (Fokker type),
though another hostile formation wa? direct- >
iv above them. (Vfter a severe combat Lieu?
tenant Eaton destroyed one of the enemy
'planes nnd, with his companion, drove down
another out of control. Home address. Nor- I
wich, N. Y. '
H vlan Switched
On Realty Bill
I His \ iews Now Coincide
With Those of Hearst,
R. E. Dow-ling Points Out
Also Tells of Warnhig
Editor Told- Him Not to
Have Seeselbcrg Measure
Presented in Legislature
ALBANY, Feb. 5.-?Further testi
| r.iony that William Randolph Hearst,
i whose chief political adviser. L. J.
I O'Reilly, holds a $12,000 a year job un?
der Mayor Hylan, dictates the policies
of the Xew York City government was
furnished to-day at the hearing before
the Assembly Cities'Committee.
The latest bit of testimony was of?
fered by Robert E. Dowling in the pres?
ence of nearly a hundred real estate
operators of New York City. All had
conie here to urge the passage of As?
semblyman Henry A. Seeselberg's bill
limiting the tax on real estate to 2 per
cent of the assessed value, and pro?
viding for a general income tux of one- i
quarter of 1 per cent.
Mayor Hylan was originally for the
bill. Suddenly he reversed his posi?
tion. His views now coincide with Mr, |
"William Randolph Hearst, who is a;
member of the committee appointed by-.
Mayor Hylan to devise a scheme for!
raising revenues, warned me against
having the Seeselberg bill presented to
the Legislature," said Mr. Dowling.
"But I ask you to pass the bill and
send it, down to the Mayor and see j
whether he has the nerve to veto it,"
he continued amid cheers of the New
Y'ork property owners.
Debt Limit Exceeded. He Says
Mr. Dowling told the legislators that
the city had exceeded its constitu?
tional debt limit. lie said the funded
debt was nearer 20 per cent of the?
assessed valuation of the city's realty I
than the 10 per cent which the con-?
He said the violation of the state
constitution had been made possible
by "arbitrary and criminal boosting of
real estate values In New York City
for the purpose of taxation." This
had been done under othe administa
tions, he added. r
He again aroused applaused when ;
he said he told Mayor Hylan, "some j
littLe time ago," that if any Mayor
agarn tried to boost, real estate assess?
ments the realty men of the city ?
would do their best to have him re- \
Mr. Dowling said that last week he I
was offered, property assessed at
$1.150.000 for $400.000. He mentioned ;
this, he said, to illustrate how the ?
arbitrary boosting of realty values by
municipal tax collectors worked out. ?
The safes of financial institutions ;
are filled with mortgages on New Y'ork
City property on which they cannot !
collect, he said, and banks are renew- j
ing mortgages only at greatly reduced
Next Trip Not Peaceful
"If the banks tried to collect," Mr.
Dowling continued, "they would be
compelled to foreclose. If you don't
do something to correct the situation
you will not see a peaceful delegation
coming here to urge a square deal in
restrained language, but you will have
a furious mob marching on the Capito:
to make clamorous demand for
Mr. Dowling said that unless the
city's power of taxation was curtailed
there would be no limit to its ex?
The Cadillac can be noth?
ing but the wonderful
automobile it is because
the parts are whattlieyarv
Navy Fre.es Large
Part of Personnel
Who Served in War
WASHINGTON, Feb. 5.--Rear Admir?
al Victor Blue, Chief of the Bureau oi
Navigation, wrote Chairman Padgett
of the House Naval Committee to-day
that the Navy Department had direct?
ed to date the release of 40 per cent
of the naval reserves, 10 per cent, o:
the men who enlisted for the war only,
! and 20 por cent, of the men who since
the beginning of the war had enlisted
for the regular four year period.
Admiral Blue said that in addition
orders has been given in the last few
days to discharge 1?0.000 men of the
reserve and those enlisted for the war
who are now performing shore duties
and also all men of these classes at
i training camps and trade schools who
1 desire their release.
Commanding officers of ships and
stations have been directed. Admiral
Blue said, to give preference in mak?
ing releases to men with dependent
families and men desiring to com?
plete their education.
i Incomplete Size Range
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HALF THE COST OF OPERATION
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