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ciill the oxtra. session before his re
turu from Paris.
PrnroKO Forces Ijimrun?
lt was an Irascibla lot of Senators
that troopod away from the Capitol
anortly after t; o'clock this morning.
Most of thcm were diahevelled in ap
pearance and all were in teaty mood.
When Senator Ponrose, shortly after J
?- m., aignalled an end of the speech
making on the Republican side bv mov
niR adjournment, it was found that
there were only seven Republicans and
t^o Democrata in the chamber. Dc
manding a roll call, thc Pennsylvania
Senator, forced thc surnmoning of a
quorum, and for two bectic hours
thereafter thc sergeant-at-arms was
rootmg irato .Senators out of bed and
brlnging them into the Capitol.
During the night thero were evi
dences that individua! Republicans
dissatisfied over the failure of the
party caucus to take a decided stand,
would undertake individua! ftlibusters
r.gainst the passage of the loan bill.
La Follctte Attacks Loan Bill
Senator Reed, of Missouri, one of
the Democrata whose rosentment at
the President's dictation had Krown
steadily more pronounced, contributed
a part of the oratory that lillcd the
dragging hours. Senator La Follctte.
who had spoken four hours Saturdav
afternoon in a successful effort to kill
the oil lands leasing bill. spoke from
1 a. ni. until 4 a. m. this morninj;
against the loan measure.
Senator Sherman, of Iliinois, had
intonded holditig the floor for some
hours after La Follotte concluded, but
he actually spoke only a short while
during the time that the scrKcant-at
nrms was rounding up absentees for
the adjournment roll call. Senator
France, of Maryland, who was also
prepared for a tilibuster, likewlse
abandoned his plan to take the floor.
It is said that Senators most nnxious
io orjjanize a filibuster were told that
Secretary of the Treasury Glass had
informed the House Waya and Means
Committee that unless the loan bill
became :i law before April I it would
be imposaible to float the issue ad-1
itor Calder, of New York, sorveji
nolice to-night that he would iirujjrr
take by himsolf to block any congrfrTer
ation of thc apricult^re bill, if the
agriculturc committee x1 ^'""ista in its !
elfort i to put throujeh its rider re- ;
T'ealing the daylight saving law.,
There seema, however, little chance
that the bill in any form can come
to a vote.
OI<l (pcrnian Army
Sav U. S. Offieers
l OBLENZ, March 2 l Ry The Asso-j
ciated Press). ln the opinion ex-'
pressed by United States army ofii
cera who have apecialized on the ques?
tion of demobilization and readjust-I
nient of the enemy forces, thero no |
longcr is any doubt about the com?
plete uselessness of the remnants of I
the old German army now in regi
mental and battallon departments
The (nnclusioiis of tha Americans I
nre liased upon a large quantity of
detailed mforniation gettlng from ;
varlous aourcca by the army of oc
!n the American Third Army Intel
llgence Bureau it is estitnated in the '<
aummary of an export that there are
Rpproxlmatcly 800,000 men, moatly of
?Me clasa of 1899, who havo decllned
intocr for the new army, They
rotnprlso the old army of to-day iu the
to l.i ther With skeletonized
?' .if many lnrtr?? nnd gmall untts.
"There i". no fight in theHe men,"
?-iini the American oxport to-dfly, "The.
of the piisi two weoks havo ]
demonatrated that they are as uselom
ni thc auppreaslon of internal <iis
ordera as they are agalnet Bolahevium
or tho I'.'lc... One naa only to reatl j
thc nawapapora of garrlson towna and
to noto the extont of home stoallngs
by garriaoni, nnd all kindii of mis '
ccllaneoui happonlnga whlch would be
Imposaible with disciplined troop , to
I.. ciiine c6nvlnced of the present uao
lessricsu of the romnant of tho former
"Only in the Improbable event of
aome great and fervent national ln
npiration would theae troops bo of
an uac, 1; appeara only a matter of
daya before Noake, the German Sec?
retary for Military Affairs, will wipe
out the old army completelj from fur
ther existence. It ia posaiblo Noske
may decide to retain some of the
wtaffs or other elements in order to
help the new army orgamzation. How?
ever, the present volunteer army ap
pears to number betweeu 125,000 and
(ireece to Get Control
Of Part of Asia Minor
PARIS, March 2,?The commission
on Greek affairs yesterday debated at
length the new situation to bo created
in Asia Minor. Thc jreneral plan
adopted for the dissolution of the
Ottoman Kmpire is the total elimina
tion of that Kmpire, the internationali
;:ation of Constantinople and the
Straita, the creation of a Turkish state
iu the contreof Asia Minor and the lib
eralion of all nationalities from the
rule of Turkey.
\s ieK#rds Asia Minor, the commis
?ion agreed in principlc thut the strip
of thc coaat between Avali and Cos, in
cluding Smyrna and Kphcsus, shall be
asaiirnrd to Greece as full owner or as
Wilson to Leave Gapital With
League Issue Still in Balanee;
Allies Readv to Amend Draft
President Is Expected to
Yield on Mootcd Points
to Placate Opponents
Vietor on Extra Session
Three Distinct Groups in
Senate, With the Majority
Opposed to His V i e w s
New York Tribune
WASHINGTON', March 2. President
] Wilson will return to P.-.rir. to coh
j tinuo his flght for adoption of the
: h.-ague of nations constitution leaving
' "ciivided counsels" behind him. Lead
I ers in Congress and out of it havo
I formed into three groups, namely:
' 1 i Those who carnestly favor the
(2) Those who bitterly oppose the
(3) Those who favor some sort of
league, but not just as proposed at
Paris. The last grou;i seems to be
numerically the stropgost.
The President wins a vii torv by the
passage of tho Victory loan bill. An
.mmediate extra session o>' Congress
;s not necessnry. Ho will v.ot have a
flood of oratory nttacking his pro
posals emanating from Washington
curing the remainder of 1 is str.y at
tho peace conference, but c.i the other
hand he will return to Eui'-ipe without
any formal indorsement ot his posi?
tion on the league of nntions or anv
other question with regl rd to the
pi aco conference.
Indications are that f a vote could
be obtaincd in the Senate to-morrow
tn the league of nations, constitution
cj proposed by the President, on its
intrinsic merits, with no reference I'.-.i
the peace treaty, there probably would
be a small majority against it. Cer
tainly there would not be the two
thirds vote which ratificntion of a
Leaders estimate that at least six
men on the Democratic side would
vote against the plan, while tho Re?
publican proponcnts of tho idea are so
strongly opposed to certain features
or, more accuratoly, to certain omis
sions from the proposed constitution
that the Republican vote would be al
most aolid against it.
It is beheved the Presidenl will
chnngc his ideas as nnnounced to mem?
bers of the Senate nnd House Foreign
Relations cotnmittees with regard to
tl.e practical imposaibility of amend
ing the league constitution, and will
hn found advocating n number of
amendments on his return to PnriB, as
suggeated by the grilllng questions
usked him by Senator Brandcgee, of
Connecticut, and others, and brought
out in the spoeches by Senators Knox
nnd Lodge on tho Republican side and
iiwi'ii ou the Democratic eldo,
It is tmought the President will have
his ndvisers in Paris go nver the lan
gunge of the constitution with those
objectlons ln mind nnd attempt to
frame omondmontB that will sntlsfy
such objectlons ns thnl with regard to
thn Monroe Iioptrino, for inntnnre.
Governors and Mayors
Arriving in Washington
WASHINGTON, March 2 Gover?
nors of states nnd MayorH of tho
largor cltUi of tho country began ar?
riving In Wiishingt.iin io day to al
tond tho White llmiMn conference for
dnicu.iMiig of buslnuHH nnd lubor con?
dltlons. Tho mceting will opon to
morrow morning with nn nddrens b,v
President Wilson nlid the t-i S&iontl will
ciiiiiinue uiit: 1 Wodnesday.
Twenty-ono Govornorn have accept
od lnvitations to attend tho conforenco
and twonty-four others aro expected
to Bond representatives. <*no hundred
and eloven Mayors have announced
their intention of attendlng, whilo
forty-three others will be represented
It waa announced to-night thnt John
Hays Hammond would speak Wednes?
day on domestic nnd foreign commerco.
Secretary of Labor Wilson, who
called the convention, will speak to
morrow on tho necessity of avoiding
unemployment. He will speak of the
great nceds of n aystem in coiipcrn
tion among the states, the munici
palities and tho Federal government
and will urge the adoption of a pro
gramme which will lead toward stabi
lization of labor.
Poles and Ukrainians
To Resume Hostilities
WARSAW, March 2 (By The Asso?
ciated Press).- Negotiations at Lem
bc-rg bctween the inter-allied mission
and the Poles and Ukrainians have been
broken off, it being found ininossible
to get the Ukrainians and Poles to
agree on a line of demarkatlon between
their forcea. Hostilities are about to
be resumod, it is reported. The inter
allied mission is expected here to-mor?
In the household decorative
scheme?this stately china vase
"' is charmingly appropriate for
cither large apartments or country
''il T Or TIIE (ONrjK.HTBI) D1STR1CT
BI T ('ONVKMKNTI.Y LOOATKO."
Germans Denied Place
In Armies of Allies
'I3ERLIN, Feb. 28 (By The As
-*--' sociatcd Press).?By a sijrn
placed at the entranee to the
American Embassy the embassy
to-day annotmced that no appli
cations by German olTicers for
commissions in the American or
Japancse or other foreign armies
could be received.
Tlie placard was provoked by
persistent rcports, which. despite
repeated denials and inherent im
probability, continue to circulate,
that such employmcnt offered at
The American correspondents,
as wrJll as the American missions
and Spanish Embassy, daily are
besieg-ed by sv/arms of younger
officers who believe the rumor.
lv Willing to
Premier "Not Insensible to
Appeal,'"' but Fears Town
on Adriatir May Be Lost
ROME, March 'J. Premier Orlando,
spenking in the Italian Chamber yes?
terday, said that [taly had agreed to a
policy of compromise and conciliation
relative to conflicting claims on tho
Eastern coast of the Adriatic,
Premier Orlando state.1 that, despite
the treaty upon which Italy entered tho
war, "Fiume may be said to be threat
ened with a loss of Italian nationality
and independence." Thc Premier added:
"Italy asks no more, and may be able
to accept no less, than the annexation of
those Italian lands and peoples for the
Integrity'of her defenco ou the fron
tiers which nature herself has given.
"We remain faithful to thc spirit of
conciliation which insplred the treaty
upon which Italy entered Ihe war, but
that docs not niean that Italy can re?
main insensible to the appeal reaching
her from the Italian town on Ihe Qulf
of Quarnero (Flume), whlch for cen
turlea has defended its national char
All life Doputies wero jiresent al
tho oponlng sousion of the Chamber
to hear Premier Orlando outline Itnly's
foreign policy. The diplomatle, mili?
tary nnd prosa trlbunos were crowded
to their capneity,
Promlor Orlundo In his speech sei
forth tho probloma and the dlfflcultles
which the llulian nation still will havo
to fflco boforu tlie peaco treaty is
lignod nt Purifli
The I'riine Mlnistor'a allualo/i lo tho
leaguo of niitioiiii nrouscd tho moBt ln
toiiBQ intorout and great applauso greot
ed hia retiiaikii regardlng Kiwme. llm
words were groetedwith "Vlvn D'himel"
all thc mombora of the Chamber clup
ping their li/uids and choeiing,
Tho Italian claims on the eastorn
coast of tho Adriatic, concodod to
Italy by the Allie-i as the price of
entering the war against Germany, in
thc pact of London in 1915, involve
prnctically the ontire littoral of tho
Adriatic from Trleste, at the head of
the Adriatic, to lower Dalmatia. Tlie
Austrian lands oT Istria, Styria and
parts of t'amiola, Carinthia and
Croatia were includcd.
40 Per Cent of Nation/8
Oil Supply Is Exhausted
WASHINGTON, March 2.?Forty per
ecnt of the total known oil supply
in the United States, cxclusive of oil
sliale deposits in three states, has been
exhausted, accordinjt to cstimates
transmitted by Secretary of the In
terior Lane to the Senate Commerce
Committee in compliancc with a resolu?
tion prescnted by Senator Ransdell, of
I.ouisiana, and made public to-day by
Up to last January 1, Mr, Lane aaid,
a total of 1,598,000,000 barrels had
beep produced, while the known avail
ahle oil resources, not counting the
shale deposits, in the cround and in
held atorago wero estimated at 6,740,
000,000 barrels. Distillation of shale
deposits in Colorado, I'tah and Wyo
minrr, however, would produce 70,000,
000,000 barrels of oil, thc Secretary
In rcsponse to the -same resolution,
Secretary Daniels informed the com?
mittee that four million hurrels of fuel
oil would be required by the navy in
1919, while 31,209.000 barrels would be
needed by the Shipplng Board.
Overseas Wireless Thoue |
Expected in Few Weeks
LONDON, March 3. Experimonta in
u new type of wireloss telephony are bo
fur advanced that it, is hoped it will
be possible, with in a few weeks. to!
xpeak between London and New York '
while the eatabllahment of a regular
commercial service. by wirelcss tel?
ephony between London uud New Vork '
early next year ll expected by the Mnr
coni Company, accordlng to a state-I
meiit by Managing Dlrector Godfray C.
leaaca of ihe Marconl Wlrol'oM Com
PMiiy to u correipondont <?f "The Daily
lt may be necer.rnry at rtrst to make1
calla to central gmces, Mr. Isaacs says,
but the company hopes to Introduco
methorii to enable the rnlay of tnea
eagea over prlvote wlree, ro that sub
ncribera ln America and Great Hrltaln
may* car ry on do'k-to-desk convorea
liOtiH a- by ordinaiy telcjihoni-s.
An early reallzatlon ?t the often dls
etuaed portnblr. pocket wlreleas tele
phone i? alao foreehadowed by Mr.
laaaci, who iay? that ?xporlmcnta havo
e.| him lo believe thnl tiM. pockcl wire
tenn will he in evrrydny t,rtf. nl no dis
Willing to Enact Provisions
Safeguarding Monroe and
Other U. S. Doctriiics
Enforcement Also Issue
Right of Secession Among
Other Clauses Conferrees
Expect to Make Clear
PARIS, March 2 i By The Associated
Press i. Tho eighth week of the peace
conference opens with increased etfort
by the working commissiona to get,
their projects ready for consideration
when President Wilson, Premier Lloyd
George nnd Premier Orlanda return to
No one is more nnxious for prompt
action than the French commissioncrs,
who want to hasten not only the com
pletion of the peace trenty, but adop?
tion of the league of nations plan as
an integral part of it. An opening for
a revision of the plan that. will not
threaton the integrity oC the league ap
pears to be broadening. M. Pichon, the
French Foreign Minister, has indicated
that he wil! offer amendments relating
to an international force.
Other Amendments Likely
It is thought the conference may
consider other amendments, such ns
may he regarded in America as nccos
sary to remo've the ar.ibiguity of clauses
thnt might affect the Monroe Doctrine.
tha right of secession from the league
nnd the mcthods of using force against
Thn American delcgates, it is raid.
may consider the presentation of such
amendments, but are waiting for tho
return of the President before defining
French apprehension is growing over
the danger of annrchy in Germany. and
the French delcgates thereforc desire
to hasten conclusion of the peace
treaty, nnd incorpor, ,te in it measures
for the protection which they have
expected from the league of nations.
i M. Pichon, rcflecting Ihis view, Baid
|every one wants a responsiblo govern
I ment in Germany with which peace
may be concluded,
Pichon Favors Pooling Plan
M. Pichon rcgards of prinie import
j nnce th.e decision of the Supreme Coun
I ci! 1o_ creal'e a flnanciol sectlon on tho
* loogiic of nations. Some of the delc?
gates have suggosted that tho Supreme
Council hns thus? transl'erred lo the
eventual league of nations the rcspon
isibility for handling the International
pooling nf aHsets and llabilltles grow
; ing out. of thn war, which might ot.her
wise hnve retnrded conclusion of Ihe
Some immediiilely preaslng work has
j been acr.albly advanced, It is thought,
by creation nf n committee on boun
dnries, which will tulie up all reports
nn frontiera and get them rendy for
consideration b, the nnd of the week,
ns dlrocted by tho Council of Ten.
Thia taiili will im fncilltutod by Mk
di'i'iiii'in to deal now 011 ly with boun
dary clnima growing oui of tho war,
and nol permll rotroactlve discusslonn.
Arca Plan for
Amendment of tTie league of nations
plan so thnt the Monroe Doctrine will
not. ho robbed of ita forco was advo
; cated last. night by I>r. Nicholas Mur
! ray Butler, president of Columbia Uni
versity, nddressing tho Men's Assoeia
tion of Rodcph Sholom Temple, Lex
ington Avenue and Sixty-third Street.
Dr. Butler urged that the world be
divided into three areas and that the
! nations of each area have responsibility
' for enforcing the law therein. These
j divisions, he proposed, should include
the Western Hemisphere, which would
i leave the Monroe Doctrine untouched;
| Europe, Africa, Western Asia, Aus
! tralia nnd New Zealand, and, finally,
I tho Orient.
William Church Osbom and William
Frederick Slocum, of the. executive
committee of the League to Enforce
Peace, indorsed the league plan.
Dr. Butler's first objection to the
league of nations was, he said, in its
Objects to Official Name
"The name," he said, "is not so fort
unate an would have been the French
term, society of nations, for what
thoughtful men most desire is not a
league for old-fashioned purposes, how
ever beneficerft, but. a new society in
which nations will live in harmony'and
Iie also regretted the sponsors of
the league in this country had brought
it forward as something new.
"The American people have becn
from tho time of their indopendence
foreniost in urging better standards of
international conduct," he aasertod.
Five rcaaonsfor indorsing the league
set, forth by Dr. BuGcr were:
"!t is basod upon the alliance of
free peoples brought about by tho war
itaolf nnd it. perpetuates nnil oxtends
"It provides ofToctlve organa for in
tornatlonal consnltation, International
nndinga and international recommen
Secs End of All Wnr*
"It recogni/.es international reapon
sibillty fnr other mattera than law, In?
cluding conditiona of |?b,or and the in- l
torcsts of bne.kward rsees.
"It Includea n covenant which, if
fnitlifully lived up to, will muka Inter
national w?r dlfllcult through artord
ing time for inqulry nnd coniultation
before nn ov<-rt net is commlttod.
"It hns n place for nn internotlonnl
court of Justice, before which quoa
tiona will be nrguod ns mattera of right
and of law."
Two ohjections to the league, Dr
Butler said, wrre that it brings Inter
national policy Into contaet with na?
tional policy and it vlolntea the Monroe
ln discusBlng the first consideration
he r.aid that any Congreaa could reaclnd
our partlcipation in h leaKue of na
tiona, If tho people bo willod, by nbro
guting the treuty through which we
"A real difflculty," he Baid, "ariaea
in the caae of the Monroe Doctrine,
It is claimed, on the ono hand, that
the draft plan for the league of na?
tions overturna the Monroe Doctrine.
and, mi tho other, that ii extends to
tho whole world. My iudgment is that
neither contention is correct. The
draft. plan may readily be so amendod
as to make it clear that it d ie i nol
overturn the Monroe Doctrine, while
to extend the Monroe Doctrine to the
whole world would make it ccase to
be the Monroe Doctrine at all."
ftuhhi Defends League
Pcop'r Dcmanrl It, Says the
HVv. Samuel Schulman
Charactcrizing the society of na?
tions in ln i si rmon al Temple Bel;.
El yesterday as "the child born of
the travail of the ages," Rabbi Samuel
Schulman said it lay entirely with
America whether this latest experi
ment in tho achievement of permanent
peace shoula sucn ed.
"Wo are asked to Iimit our sover
eignty," he said, "even as the sover
eignty of every nation tnat is a mem?
ber of the league will be limited. But
if the world ia in carnest, and peace
is Its goal, then sovereignty must be
limited, for the essence of war is tho
maintenance nf* the absolute sovereign?
ty of states. ... I believc that the
mass of Americana want a league of
nations. I n\n convinccd that any po?
litical party that in clear-cut fashion
appealed to tho people Lo rejoct the
league would be ovcrwhelmingly de?
Peace News Kepi
Secret to Balk
Hoiis' and Balfour Have
Conference; Cupidity of
Prussia Arouses Paris !o
Urge a Hhine Barrier
Nrw York Tribunr
Sn.-inl Cahle S, v ro
(Copyrlght. 1010, New Vnrk Tribune Inc.)
PARIS, .March 2. On the ev ? of the
most critical week in which the chief
questions of the peace conference are
to he discussed lack of news of prog
ress indicates the importance which
the conference attaches to the neces
sity of prevenling Germany from be
coming acquaintcd with the trend of
its deliberat ions.
Colonel House and Arthiir .1. Bal?
four were together for a while Ihis
afternoon nnd Premier Clemenceau
conferrod with General Foch and Gen?
To-morrow will bo devoted Lo dis
cusaion of military probloms, to wjiich
ia attached the queation of tho block
adc. The nccessity o[ raising it, if
disaster is lo be ,nverled in Germany,
becomes incroaaingly obvioti :
Prusslan Policy Oppoaed
"Le Tempa" tlus evoning dlscuases
tho tthinn quostion, Indicating that in
Germany two tondonciea uro obscrved,
There is tho Gormnn tondency, which'
movea toward fotinding on both banka
of tho Rhlno a llhino Weatphnllnn
atate, nnd n t'ruaslan tondoncy, which
aeoka lo retaln tho lefl bank of tho
llhino, aa well aa the right, w Ithln
thn bordoni nf Prua ila,
"M la hnrdly nccoaaary to any the
German tondoncy \ ould ni \ or h? u
ilnteil lo I llOW in i.'hel' If Ihe Alllc ;
lilul not b"en Vlctoi imii nnd If I ll.",
dldn'l now occupy Rlumiah Pru ilti '
"Lo Tempa" iiltrlhulini lho peraia
Lcnco of i ho I'ru laimi tondoncy Lo ho
love of lucro, for tho Rhlnn' populti
t ioiii ask t licmaolve i whol Imi upder
nnniher rogimo they would hnve tho
anme PnollilioH for onrichlng them
: olvcn, And, iibovo all, the i.- i ,,f
fruasiii doi h imi ..?. i ih io pr|\ o nn i ho
uhiimliuii rcHourccH ?hii h i ho Pru i
alan atnlo drnwa from tho Rheiiish
Pruasln'a t'luims Donounced
In lho interosl of pence nnd civilizn
lion, "Le Teni|-iH" urges tho Allies to
avoid anything fnvoring Lho Pruaaian
tendency, concluding "Take from
Prussia the left bank of the Rhinc and
leave the right bank. Wouldn't that
make the Prussinn slaie the head of
the Gorman irredentiats? Hasn'l the
Rhine problem two aspects a military
aspect, which forcea us to mako the
Rhine a afcrategic barrier, and ;i politi?
cal aspect. which should counsol ns to
help toward tho formation <>f a Rhino
British Foreign Minister Balfour told
tl?' representativos of the press last
night that seven weeks hence somo
thing great and Bubatantial will be ac
complished by the peace conference,
and we will be facod by tho prospectof
a aatisfactory though daring solution
of the colosaal task before the con?
ference. Thus, the programme appeara
to be sufflciently inllicated.
A plenary session of the con?
ference probably will take place March
23, after which summona will be sent
to the Germans early in April to come
here to sign the terms of peace. and
Mr. Balfour's indication pcrmita the
assumption thal German compliance
will be forthcoming during the lasl
week' in April.
German Fleet Not Discussed
M. Pichon to-day had his weekly talk
with the newspapernien at the Quai
d Orsay, M. Pichon declared that the
queation of the diapoaition of the Ger?
man fleet had not yet been brought
before the peace conference.
Tho questions connected with the
Kiel Canal, as to whether it should or
should not bo internationalized or if
other measurea should be taken to
remove the Btratcgic value of the
waterway to Germany, also had not
yet been discussed.
Tho conl'eronce committee on de
hmitation of enemy frontiera ia pro
gressuig rapidly with ita work, thus
bringing tho impo,rtanf boundary feat
ure of the peace torma into line with
the military plan which already has
heen prepared. Discuai ion of the.
economic problema involved in the aot
tlemein of peaco is still proceeding
A new phase of this part o? peace
nogotiation has been Introducod by
the formation nf yet another peace
conforoncc commlaaion to study tho
quostion of general reconBtructlon
achemoa f<> be worked oui under the
society of nations. This commlaaion
is also tnking up flnanclul aspects of
oertaln troallea which would bo ab
rngatcd automatlcally by ti.roat'on
of tho Intornal Ionnl league. The pm-.
poac m ln arrange an oqultablo aot
tloment of purely ISnanclal provislona
in theao troatioa.
Paris Paper Suspended'
For Forecasling Armialice
PARIS, March 2. The newapaper
u informatlon lum been auapendod for
a Week. The "Tempa" says no roaaon
lor tlm su.ipcnslon was given. Another
?vaning newapaper, howover, asaorta
that the proBcrlptlon waa due to "L'ln
rormation" publiahing a too rtetailod
rorocaal of the now military armiBticu
Given to Aid
Delegation Finda President
Sympathetic Witli Pro
gramme in Palestine
Envoys to Go to Paris
Effort To Be Made to Estub
iish Status of the Race in
Newly - Made Nations
WASHINGTON, March 2.?President
Wilson to-night told a delegation from
the Am'crican Jewish Congress hc was
persuaded that tho Allied natioti3.
with the fullest concurrence of thc
American govcrnment and people, were
agreed that in Palestine should he laid
iii" foundations of a Jewish common
The delegation, headed by JaHge
Julian W. Mack, of Chicago, and in
cluding Louis Marshall, Dr. Stephcn S.
Wi o and Bernard G. Richards. of New
Vork, declared they had t'ound the
President sympathetic with the "in
contestable principle of tho right
the Jewish people everywhere
to cquality of status." He re
minded them hc previously had
cxpressed personal npproval of thc
doclaration of t'ne British government
respecting thc historic claims of the
J ? ? i regai ding Palestine.
Britain To Be Truslce
Great Britain would act as trustce of
the new commonwealth on behalf of tho
proposed league of nations, according
to the delegates. They said organiza
tion of a Jewish state would include
express stipulations that nothing
should bo done which might prejudice
the civil and religious rights of non
?Tewiah communities in Palestine. or
the rights and politieal sfatu3 enjoyed
i>y Jews in any other country.
Tiie delegation presented lo the
President ,i niemurial setting forth the
present status of the Jews in oastern
European lands and the effect upon
them of organization of new and en
Icrgcd states growing out of the war.
Resolutions adopted by lhe American
Jewish Cqngress in Philadelphia last
December also were submitted. They
set forth the guarantees required by
the Jews to secure them fundamental
human rights, including civil, politieal,
religious and national Cquality. Im
medlati action to assuro the Jews of
these rights was urged upon the Pres?
Judge Mnck, who is presidonl of the
American Jewish Congress, and Mr.
Marshall, accompanled by Mr. Rioh
llfds, secretary of tho congress, will
start soon for Europe to join other
mcinbora of tho delegation sont by
thi.ngresa to present Jewish claims
to the peace con I'ereiico. Dr. Wise, w'uo
roccnUy returnccl from Paris, probably
will return lnter,
1 ' epi, for thia eonference, ProBidonl
Wilson enjoyed a day of rcst. Thia
morning hc nnd Mrs. Wilson ottended
church, nnd this afternoon they went
for an automobile rldo.
To-night Judge Mack and I>r Wise
nddroflaed n imns moetlng held here
for rllncusBlon of lhe general subject
ol a Jowi ih communwoalth ln Paleat Ine
ln tho course of his nddreas, Hr. Wlse
V( iiciiieiiiiy denied Btatenients recenl
ly mado by wltiiesHen before thc Senate
propngnndn committee thul muny Jews
were nmong thc liol-hcviit leatfora of
-'- nt and that Bolahevl?in was
geiici'iilly supported by Lho Jow? of that
counl ry, llo bhIcI ho bellevud there wns
e"1 ?' inglo orthodox ,lcw conncctod
wilh tllO Uolrlhovik ici'im... iimi lhal
'?'.' per cent of lhe Jews of IvUbhIci were
oppoaod to it.
In Sermons Here
The league of nations project. was tho I
topic of several sermons yesterday. '
Gonerally tho spoakers professed faith ?
in the idea and confessed and dcplored I
ignorance of the details of the par- !
ticular plan auggeated. Some dis- I
approved of it in many ways.
Henry Morgenthau, who accompanied I
William H. Taft to conventions, ar- \
rangod in many states by the league I
to enforce peace, declared at the Free |
Synagogue in Carnegie Hall that there |
never had been such intercst and such !
bewilderment among American citizens j
on any subject.
"The West elected Wilson," he said, '
"because ho kept it out of war and now
it will be tho West that will study the
situation nnd decide if it is the best
policy io enter this leauue, forgetting
the old tradit.ions of America and mix
ing with the politica ot Europe.
"All that the American people want
to know is what is the best thing to do
and they will do it. There are a few
politiciana who are making politieal
capital out of the question, but. tho
mass of people are beginning to under
stand and they will demand that this
unprecedented force be adopted for the
good of the world."
Certain national questions, par
ticularly that of immigration, must re
mnin national questions, the Rev. Dr.
William L. Sullivan declared at the
first Congregational Church. which
met in All Souls' Unitarian Church,
Whatever form the league of nations
"For my part," he said, "I say that
we must accept tho lorger opportu?
nity for service preaentcd by a Icugue
of uatlona even though we have to
sond our men abroad to help nettle
disputes and even though it costa heav
il.v in treusurc.
"So much for 'u' league of nations.
Now for 'the' league <tf nations: Wc
are not yet. certain how easily the
constitution of the league of nations
cun be amended. If k la said (hHt
tnere la no power to ainoncl lt and
that. we must tako it. nl 1 thoi\ I culi
that. a nioHi, oxtraordlnary nml ?n
toundlng piocc of statesmanahip. Wlmt
right hua an ollgarchy sltting In Paris
lo say what we must take nnd what
we must leaveT We Americans are
not ni tho hnbit Of having a thlng
llung nt UI that way.
"I favor 'a' loague of nations to the
evl'iil that It may md toward the
peace of iiiiinkind even at tho cost of
liv(\a nnd money. I cannot ptmport
the oonatltution of 'the' league of n?
tlona until it, ia amended; llrnt, he
ciiusa our policy on immifrraUou in
not nrbitrnhle, and secrtnd, because
tho Monroe Doctrine ahall continue to
preyall on thia oontlnont. Tho ohlof
i.uilt oi tho constUutioii of 'lhe' leaguo
ib thal il dooa /not make arl.il,- n,',,,,
"ii'Dlllsorv it dju* ttat nboiuh vvu.1- "
No Group in England Is
Entirely Satisfied With
Draft as It Now Stands
Expeet Some Changes
Believe Some Improvements
Will Be Suggcsted After
It Is Carefully Studied
By Arthur S. Draper
.\. w York Tribune
Special Cable Service
tCopyrljht, 1919, New Torlt Tribune Inc)
LONDON, March 2, If the British
had any real doubt about America ul
: timately accepting thc league of na?
tions, dispatches now coming from the
1 litcd States would cause considerable
alarm. But the British appreciate the
opposition of Americans against mix
ing in European affairs. The British
themselves remained aloof as lor.g as
possible, and even now some of them
would like to return to the older order.
'lho British minimize rcports that
much ol" the opposition in America is
based upon politieal antagor-.ism. They
believe that the Ieaguo's opponents are
fightlng the scheme because of their
hopest convictions. Thero is not. a
group .n Great Britain entirely satis
ticd with lhe draft as it now stand",.
'? ? the other hand, there is not a
group which is unalterably committed'
to a plan of condemnation and obstruc
How the British Stand
I'ako tho British Liborata first. The
radical element believe-; that the prc3
lent draft is not genuinely international
. because it dooe r.ot include Germany
and Russia and because the constitu?
tion does not secure majority rule in
matters of arbitration. Then thero "s
: the conservative group, which protests
against thc covenant; it fcars that it
will rob Great Britain of her inde?
pendence. But. all groups find features
to their liking and have accepted the
principle of tho society of nations aa
against a return to the balance of
Opponents of the principle of a
league of nations have reaehcl (he
concluaion that it. is had politics lo
! continue to fight.
j Conservatives, Liberals and Labor
, Sociahsts stato that the ndhesion of
America is indispensaHle to the for
mation of o society of nations, nu with?
out America thero can be no effective
Keiirj,'attization Tnking I'lace
ln England to-day u gigantic re
organizatlon in taking place. It if;
| no idealiiitic, vislonary movement
whlch has begun for the natlonallza
j tion or the railwaya and the mines,
I h- roal question before the commis
Blon which is examinlng lhe domundH
, of the minora is not that of wagos
| iKid hoiir-i the niiners are certain to
; win thore but the nntiotwilizntion of
?he mlnes themselves. Half of lho
commission are miners, who nr- unun
imously ugreed upon natlonallzatiou,
nml they believe they will buci.i li
brlnglng ln a majority ropoi l fn....
! Ing nationalisal lon,
Utiring the weok the govoi nnn nl
asked I'nrli.-iiiieni for i ho i ight to run
th.- rallways two yoors more, Undci
govornmont innnagemeiil tho rullwuys
lo.-.i lumvily durinp, lho war HI
u Imlf lnlii.ni dollars waa snenl
on ihe British rollways, while the enp
itnl value of'tha coal mlncB wai eatl
miiteii ni. $650,000,000 before the war,
llna Spent $46,000,000,000
Sllice Atlgusl 1, 1914, (irenl Britain
has spent. roughly, $46,000,000,000,
while govcrnment income has been
only $12,000,000,000. These stagger
ing sunis worry even the most. opti
mi.tie, and make convorta to the
league of nations, with its promise oJ
decreased armamenta and security
against fresh wurs.
Great Britain is trying lo solve gi?
gantic domestic problems. She feels
that the chances of successful solu
tion are dependent to a large cxtent
upon a security league.
Lloyd George told the Industrial (Eon?
ference that the failure of Britain
meant chaos in America and France.
He is tackling those questions with |
the. confident belief that after America
has studied the draft of thc society
of nations with care and caution she
will suggest improvement in details
and then accept it.
Viviani Insists Frontier
Bc "Removed From Paris"
PARIS, March 2.?Rene Viviani, a
former French Premier, addrcssing a ,
meeting of the French Relief Society i
here last night, said everybody should
see the devastaled regions of Northern
France. Ile added:
"Paris is too near the frontier. It .
is impossible to move Paris from the I
frontier. Therefore, it is necessary i
that tho frontier bc removed from the I
front of Paris."
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Irish Here Vow to
Win Wilson Over
As Aetive Champion
| Time and Placo of Audience
Granted Cnmmttter. Is Not
Decidod: Goff Says That
Congrr&s Favors Cause
To send President Wilson back to
the peace conference at Paris an ac
tive champion of the independence of
Iroland is the avowed object of th*
committee from the Friends nf Irhh
Freedorn which the President has
agreed to meet following his sched
uled address in this city to-morrow
The hour and place of the appoint
ment still remain to be settled. They
will depend upon the movementa of
Mr. Wilson after hc arrivea here and
the amount of time he may have at his
disposal. Upon the latter, too, nccord
ing to ex-Justice John YV. Goff, chair?
man of tho Irish Friends' committee,
'?'?il! depend in large measure the ful
' ' a with which the delcgates will
present tho claims of Ireland.
Rosolutions adopted by the rrcent
irish Race Conference held nt Phlla
delphin, and urging, on behalf of
Irish-Amoricans throughout tlie United
States, tho right of tlre Irish people
to full, uncquivocal Belf-determinatlon,
in accordance with the principle laid
down by the President, are to bi
formally handed to Mr. Wibjpn.
Time Will Hc Limited.
"Whelher we ahall have opportunity
to elaborate much on the.?e i
tiona," said c\-.Justico (iotr, "depend*
upon how much time the President can
apare up. We qui'e reailze the tro
mendoua demanda thal are bemg made
upon lho < hief Executive al thia tin i
We thoroughly underatand h<>w many
and how Important are the matteri
with which ho hna to deal within s
comparatively limited time, a
cnnnol be too strongly omphaslr.od thal
we wiah tn do nothing In any
cmbarraaa or obstruct him "
Judgo Goff i-iujiiuiHi/.ed the noli
ttlthough the committee could read ly
have <ii>< ;u niii con ild rat Ion oi Lln
newspapers nnd transformod the mil'
? Ion iiiin nn agitation, tha quloti I iorl
of ' bcI Ici were adopted.
"W ? li ie ,'n | ||)g in ' tcr H?
American citlsena," aaid Judgo <e>ff,
"and the poini cannol bo ?treaaad too
much, V.'.. itre placlng ouraolvoa aquan
ly behind th.. nrinclplea. aa enum Istad
by Presidenl Wllaon, for which tbil
country went to war. ?Ve nn backlng
hun up primarily, In ndvancing the
claima of Ireland we aro but champion
Ing th.' cause to which the principle of
Bclf-dotermination most obvioualy and
House Committee Action Pleaaea
Throughout Irish circles ln this city
great satiafaction was expresaed at the
news, publishcd yesterday. that the
House Rules Committee hnd reportad
out a special rule to make possible
consideration of the resolution intro
duced by Representative Gallagher.of
Pennsylvania, urging the American
peace commissioners as a whole to
press the claims of an independent Ir?
^ "I believe." said Judgo Goff, "that
Congrcssional Bentiment is heartily in
favor of this meusure. I heard not one
voice of protest or objection at Wash?
ington ruised against it."
If the resolution passes, Irish sym
pathizera hero pointed out, it will be
the flrst caso in which the t'nited.
States Congress has expreaaed itself
upon any overseas nationaliatic ques
tion arising from the late war.
- ? -
Italians Downed 1.000 Tlanes
WASHINGTON, March 2?It ia re
ported from Rome to-day that durinjr
the war Italian aviators and anti-air
craft guns brought down more than
1,000 enemy nirplanes. Itnlv Iom IU
"planes, with 728 aviators ktlled,
'?\oundcd or missing.
"Tnr Fa?'s $?0p or Amshica.
J nwetilauf ,/7w ocm>
tuUable for all jnanncr
*1 JOjWi *nd Countnj ?
chaal orc\podd x>caibum6