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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, March 21, 1919, Image 1

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First to Last?the Truth:
Vol. LXXVni No. 26,423
Editorials - Advertisements
Fair to-day and probably to-morrow.
Cooler to-morrow. Fresh
north winds
Full Report on Tttgt 17
ICopj-rlgbt. 1911).
New York Tribun? lnc.J
FRIDAY, MARCH .21, 1919
Tivn rvvTs * In Greater Sew York and
A?U l-???Sjwitj,jnt.OInnu|tlI1Bdl?,lai| ?
N. Y. Senate Votes $50,000
To Probe Red Plots Here;
Plan for "Revolt" Traced
t?, S. Officials Intercept
$600,000 From Russia
tq View York Agitators
State to Compel
Yielding of Papers
gearing Is Planned to
Draft Laws That Will
Thwart Anarchists Here
Staff Corretvondenee
ALBANY, March 20.?With the an?
nouncement that evidence existed show?
ing that Bolsheviki with headquarters
in New York City were? planning to
iverthrow the government, and that
"many hundreds of thousands of dol?
lars" were sent to the Bolshcviki here
by the "Rods" of Russia to carry on
their campaign, J. Henry Walters intro?
duced in the Senate to-day a resolution
calling for a legislative investigation.
The resolution, which carries an ap?
propriation of $50.000, was passed by
a unanimous vote. The Assembly will
?cton it Monday night. The committee
will consist of four Senators and five
Assemblymen, and will hold its first
meeting in New York City within the
next two or three weeks.
Extraordinary powers to compel the
production of witnesses, books and
documents are conferred upon tho com?
mittee, which was created following
the suggestion voiced by Charlea E.
Hughes at the Union League Club a
weelt ago.
Senator Walters charged that So
cialiits, I. W. W. and anarchists were
working together on the programme of
$600,000 Intercepted by XJ. S.
From other sources The Tribune
correspondent learned that the United
States Military Intelligence Bureau
had intercepted more than $600,000 sent
to the Bolsheviki in New York City
inm their confederates in Rus3ia.
Tie Tribune's informant said he
believed that the money could be
traced ultimately to German sources.
Secret investigations which have
been carried on show that the pro?
gramme of the Bolsheviki is to 3trike
first at the American Federation of
labor, and after, having ousted the
present control, place men professing
their own revolutionary ideals at the
head of .American organized labor.
Then with tho Bullions of discontented
working men at their back tho pro?
gramme wa3 to attempt to overturn
the government.
The evidence revealed that an in
tidious campaign is now being waged
fcy anarchists, I. W. W. and Socialists
to transform peaceful, contented and
well-paid v.-orking men into enemies of
Senator Walters in offering his res
tlotion in the Senate, said:
"There has be*n brought forcibly to
?7 attention thai, tho propaganda of
oolihftvism i-, running rampant in New
York Etat?, and that it is given ??up
port, financial and other, daily.
Evidence of Plot Found
"1 am informed, and verily believe ?
? iaet, there exists evidence of the
?tet?that many hundreds of thousands
'?dollars have been intercepted before
it reached the sources for which it was
"These forces of disorder have cen?
tral bodies where anarchist?, Socialists
*Bd I. W, \y , once mutual enemies, now
"t around a common table, agreed
?pon a common cause.
'* a.n so alarmed over the reports !
Weh have reached me, and which I
?Heve to be true, that I am con
i that it is the duty of this Leg- '
"?ature to use :;8 offices to stamp out J
this propaganda, to trace the money to |
?t? sources, and to learn why and
?hence cornes this financial support/'
The resolution introduced by Senator
?alters follows:
"Wherea?, it is a matter of public
????ledge tbat there is a large num
;?'* ''' persons within the State of New
?'??' engaged in circulating propa
???ida calculated to set in motion
' overthrow the government of
;'ate and of the United State?,
"hereaa, Sufficient facts were ad
?^d by th<* sub-committee of the Sen
A''-"- United ?States investigating
?'?-? during the last session
' -?"?Kress to indicate the ncceasity
'??iU.rth"r ini*uiry and action, and
? Whereas, \% >.. the duty of the Leg?
iere <>i 'he State of New Vork to
?rn the whole truth regarding these
ja***10?* activities and to pas?, when
*hi UUlh '" 81!c?rtsine<l' ?uch I*???
ls"i as may be necessary to protect
f ?OYernment of the state and to in
?* tn? maintenance of the rights of
???teens; now, therefore be it
ef?ved' That a joint committee
^e h*ilaUl ar?i Assembly be, and
J*?y is, created, to consist of four
r^r? of the f.;?,,at* to be appointed
*X ,Vsmp"'?'T President of the Sen
*"4 five members of the Assembly
lJ\ l**0^* ?V th? Speaker of the
JTb". ?* *hteh Joint committee
**?"* p??W?t ot the ?enat*
--!i?^?lr_?lh# A,MmbIy ?"??
Continued on page four
Would Take Million Russians Home
ANNOUNCEMENT of the incorporation of the Svoboda Steam?
ship-Line was made yesterday from the offices of the Second All
Russian Colonial Convention, at 13.3 E?ist Fifteenth Street. The
purpose of the company ia stated to be the chartering or purchase
of steamships for the transportation of 1,000,000 Russian workers,
Bolsheviki, aliens and others to Russia.
In explanation of the formation of the company, the statement
declares that Russian workers are dissatisfied with conditions in
this country. It adds that there is far les3 employment here than
The new company is incorporated in the State of Delaware.
Soviet Russia
Asks U. S. to
Resume Trade
Wants Vast Supplies and
Is Willing to Deposit
$200,000,000 in Gold
A plea for an Immediate resumption
of trade relations with the United
States and a promise that $200,000,000
in gold will be deposited in hanks the
moment the Russian Soviet govern?
ment is recognized by the State De?
partment, was made yesterday by .1.
C. A. K. Martens. He is in this coun?
try awaiting the acceptance of his cre?
dentials as the Soviets' first Ambassa?
dor to the United States.
Mr. Martens has offices at 290 Broad?
way. He was the representative of the
Demidoff Iron and Steel Works of Rus?
sia in this country for several years.
His credentials as Ambassador, which
were received from Tchitcherin, the
Lenine-Trotzky commissary in charge
of foreign relations, arrived a few
days ago and were forwarded immedi?
ately to Washington.
Russia Wants Supplies Here
Mr. Martens made public a state?
ment yesterday which *in part was as
"Soviet Russia wants to arrange the
purchase 4 of great quantities of sup?
plies here
"My government, in tR? event of
trade being opened with the United
States, is prepared to place at once in
banks in Europe and in the United
States gold to the amount of $200,000,
000 to cover the price of initia! pur?
"To insure a basis of credits for ad?
ditional Russian purchases in the
United States, my government is ready
to submit propositions which ? believe
will be acceptable to Americans inter?
ested in Russian trade.
"Russia is now prepared to pur?
chase in the American market great
quantities of commodities such as rail?
road supplies, agricultural implement?!
and machinery, factory machinery,
tools, mining machinery and supplies,
electrical supplies, printing machinery,
textile manufacturer,, =,hoes and cloth?
ing, fats and canned meats, rubber
goods, typewriters and office ?'applies,
automobiles and trucks, chemicals and
medical supplies.
"Russia is prepared to sell flax,
hemp, hides, bristles, furs, lumber,
grain, platinum and other metals and
"Within a short time I shall ap?
point a commercial attache and open
a suite of offices in New York as
headquarters for this large-scale pur?
chasing arrangement. For the pur?
pose of organizing trade relations on
a proper basis and as a medium
through which American trade inter?
ested in Russian commerce can he
cure practical contact, I am planning
to organize and incorporate a board of
traile of Sovief Russia.
Want Peaceable Withdrawal
"In regard to the blockade, and the
invasion of Russia, I am empowered
to state that my government is willing
and sincerely anxious to have hostil?
ities ccaxe in Russia and to enter into
agreements with the American gov?
ernment to facilitate the peaceable
withdrawal of American troops from
"On the part of the Russian Social?
ist Federal Soviet Republic there thus
exist no obstacles to the establish?
ment of proper relations with other
countries, especially with the United
"The Soviet Government of Russia
is willing to open its doors tp citi?
zens of other countries for peaceful
pursuit of opportunity, and it invites
any (scrutiny and investigation of its
conditions, which investigation cer
? tainly will prove that peace and pros?
perity in Russia will follow on the
cessation of the present Allied policy
of non-intercourse with Soviet Rus?
sia, and hy the establishment of ma~
1 tcrial and intellectual intercourse."
Allcnby Back to Egypt;
Grave Trouble Indicated
PARIS, March 20.?Gcneral Sir H. H.
Allenby, who commanded the British
forces in the conquest of Palestine, left
for Egypt to-night after having re?
ported to the supreme council that the
?itustion in Palestine is quiet.
General Allenby was summoned to
Paris to report to the peace conference
on the situation In Turkey. Hie, hur?
ried departure for Egypt indicates that
he has been sent there by the British
g'>vernment because of the troubles
growing out of the nationalist move?
Serious revolutionary demonstrations
have been reported from Egypt, and it
was announced Wednesday in the
House of Commene that two leaders
had been deported. General Allenby hss
been commander in chief of the
i Egyptian expeditionary force sinrr
' 1917.
On account of Its ?urity an<J ?reat m*t!el
nal power. It i* Rafe ar.?t without an equal
In all CMM of /ever. San?! for n?w tllu?
trated book ?Wine half century of hUtory
*n?l snAorssnutM?. VoitmA ?pria? Co., US')
?roadway, New Tor*???vt.
Radicals Plau
? For 'Political ,
? Revolt ' in U. S. !
Merging of Many Parties
at National Convention
j Is Proposed by Leaders
Political revolution which aims at
: "changes in the structure of our gov
i ernment" is planned through a move?
ment launched yesterday in an adver?
tisement in Oswald Garrison Villard's
j weekly, "The Nation.'' It calls for a
national convention of leaders of radi?
cal thought. Out of the conference it
is purposed to create a national party
to contest for control of the govern?
ment in the campaign of 1920.
"Revolution or Reconstruction?" the
call is headed.
Hie prospectus takes hold of all the
, existing causes of discontent and
weaves them into a plan of action, to
'? which it is evidently hoped that radi
icals of every shade of belief can sub?
It aims to effect a xinion of all the
j various groups and factions which here
; toforc have operated independently.
The Elements
j The elements directly appealed to or
included by association are theset
1. The Nonpartisan League?that
is. Townley's movement?now sweep?
ing the middle and northwestern
sections of the country,
2. The new American Labor party,
j branches of which already have been
formed in New York, Chicago, Seat?
tle and other sections.
3. The National party, which rep
? resents the "high brow" element.
4. The I. W. W.
;., The Socialists.
Although not directly named, the
Icall is apparently designed to touch
, li sser groups. Some of the names arc
reminiscent of pacifism.
It is rumored that if all these groups
lean be amalgamated, then negotiations
will be opened with the Democratic
j party, many of whose leaders are un
' derstood beforehand to be sympathetic.
Recognition of Russian Soviet
i The call for action refers to the
j absence in the present form of gov
; ernment of an "effective medium ;
, through which to express their cco
I nomic demands."
The: nation-wide propaganda for the
movement, which has been under way
for several months past, urges "repre?
sentation by economic unit" aird de?
mand? the recognition of tho Soviet
government of Russia by tho United
Names of officials high in the service
of the Wilson Administration aro men?
tioned as being behind the new party,
or of having full knowledge of its
Leadership in the movement has
been taken by members of the National
Party, which was formed by the
irreconcilables of the old Progressive
movement, augmented by Socialists,
Prohibitionists and Single Taxcrs.
Fallowing a series of conferences, it
was said yesterday, J. A. H. Hopkins,
active head of the party, drew up the
call sent out from tho party head?
quarters, 15 East Fortieth Street, in?
closed in a letter from Mr. Hopkins,
which, in even more illuminating fash?
ion than the call it3clf, conveys the
basic idea behind the scheme.
A committee of forty-eight is to be
named shortly, under whose guidance
the movement will be pressed. Follow
j ing is the copy of the call:
Revolution or Reconstruction?
A Call to American*
"America has reached a turning point
in her history. The time has come for
all free minds to meet in concerted ef?
fort to face H,nd shape the crisis.
"Despite America's splendid success
I in a war waged against foreign autoc?
racy, our country is menaced by the
growing power of an autocratic and re?
actionary minority at home. We stand
in danger of losing many of the lib?
erties and advances won in the course
of our national development. There is
gravi? likelihood of our being left stag?
nant and backward in a world that for
the most part is vigorously reorganiz?
ing its economic and political life.
"'Centralization and autocracy are
increasing rapidly in the organization
of government, in the control of cred?
it, and in the determination of public
opinion, The very classes whose
labors in factory and field are the
! basis and substance of our economic
I power find no effective political m?
i dium through which to express their
I economic demand, but by deceptive di
J ?/erslons of our party system are denied
Continued on page four
Untrained Men
Sent to Battle,,
Says Harvard
Colonel Declares That His
Troops Had Only Eight
Days of K i file Training
Knew Nothing of tias
A. E. F. Lacked Organiza?
tion and Didn't Make
Good at Start, He Says
The 369th Infantry ?the old lotli
New York?was thrown into action by
the commanders of tho American Ex?
peditionary Forco without proper
training, Colonel William Hayward,
1 commander of the regiment, told the
Circumnavigators' Club al the Hotel
] Commodore last nigh?-. All they had
had, he said, v,;i3 rifle training, and
at this they had spent only eight day.,
on tho range.
"The ignorance of Hie whole Ameri?
can military establishment of what
modern warfare actually meant, and
this after Europe liad been torn by
war nearly four years, was astound?
ing,"' said Col. Hayward. "I do not
blame the National Guard, for the
members did everything expected of
them; or the Plattsburg men, for these
certainly made good.
"I had read the Sunday paper.?, and
when I reached France ami looked
around I decided that I knew from
this source something more about war
than the average American. We fell
down and fell down damned'badly the
first year, and did not live up to prom?
ises made io our allies,
"My regiment was. taken over and
left by General Pershing on the door?
step of France. We were transferred
to a French unit, and in a short time
my regiment was to all intents and
purposes a French unit. We were re?
organized by French officers, had
French rifles, French machine guns,
French knapsacks and French equip?
ment. The only thing about ns that
was American was our expected pay
and the tattered uniform:; and wornout
"Never have I witnessed -and T have
had some military experience?such a
manifest lack of organization as I
found on reaching the French battle?
fields," Colonel Hayward said. "My
own regiment ? and you nil know it
did- had eight day?, on tho rifle range.
They knew how to shoot. That's all
they did know. t
"They knew nothing About gjis, the
big gun?, the hand grenades or many
other necessary things in this war.
They just knew how to shoot."
Continuing his indictment of tho
manner in 'which the American Expedi?
tionary Force's leaders managed tilings
in Franco, Colonel Hayward said:
"The Alabaman? who were merged
with us were as untrained ai ?? were,
Some of those follow;; had been hoeing
corn home in August. Sonic ol those
chaps were lying dead on French bat?
tlefields in September.
"The only thing that saved us was
the spirit of 'heaven, bell or :Hoboken.' j
It was that, spirit permeating the heart
and inspiring every American soldier.
white as well as black- and God know.;
Continued ov. page Unce,
"Green Car''
Lilies iu Hands
Of a Receiver
Job E. Hedges Appointed by
Judge Mayer on Petition
of a Delaware Company
hiterboro Not Affected
New York Street Railways
Company Admits Floating
Debt of Over $1,500,000
The New York Railwnvs Company,
controlling the "green car" surface
lines of Manhattan, went into the
hands of a receiver last night.
The. floating debt of the company
for material, equipment, rentals, etc.,
is placed at $1,600,000, The. total
inortgago indebtedness of the lines
owned by th.e company is given as $58,
773,027.19. The leased lines have aggre?
gate mortgage indebtedness of $11,
560,000. The company admitted the
allegations brought against it and con?
sented to the receivership.
Job E. Hedges war, appointed tempo- j
rary receiver.
The petition was presented before :
Judge Ju?us M. Mayer, of the United
States District, Court, by the American !
Brake Shoe and Foundry Company of ,
Delaware. The action whs a friendly
one, based nu a claim of $36,806.26 for
"brake shoes and miscellaneous cai '
ings." This debt is allege?! to he long
overdue and the defendant unable to !
pay. The Interborough is not directly
affected by the proceedings.
Hearing on the petition was sel bj
Judge Mayer for March .".1 at I p. m.
in room 235, th.- Federal Building-.
Meanwhile all creditors are restrained
from pressing claims against the com?
Wall Street rumor had it that a re
ccivership for the Interborough-Con
solidated? Corporation, holding com?
pany for the New York Railways and
the Interborough Rapid Transit, would
come within two weeks. There was a
break of G'i points on "Inter-Con'' pre
ferred, with a net loss for the day of
,?'.. On April 1 interest on $67,825,000
bonds is due, together with tho semi?
annual share of $600,000 other expenses.
These payments might be defaulted
if Interborough should not declare a
dividend for the first quarter of this
j ea r.
Mr. Hcdges's bond of $100,000 was |
furniahed by the United States Fidel.
n'y an'd Guaranty Cb'nEp?'hy. ?Complote
control of .the company and n't its
holdings and assets passed to him aL
5:"0 last evening. Mr. Hedges, im?
mediately after his appointment, left
Judge Mayer's chambers in the Wool
worth Building and, proceeding to the:
offices of the bankrupt company, form?
ally look possession.
In it ; reply to the action brought
againsl it the company maker; specific
plea that its corporate entity be not
sacrificed in the process of reorganiza?
Mr. Hedges, upon undertaking the !
Continued on page eight
Reparation and Frontiers
j Now Overshadow League;
j Japan Raises Race Issue
League Flan To Be Revised Saturday
? 20 (By The Associated Press).?President Wilson
will act as chairman at the meeting of the League of Nations
Commission at 10 o'clock Saturday morning, when all proposed
amendments und changes will be considered and the plan put into
definite form.
This will be the first meeting of the commission since the cov?
enant, was adopted the day before Mr. Wilson left for America, and
it will consider proposals submitted at the hearing of neutrals to?
morrow and also any other suggestions which have taken definite
.Co rni.
Lord Robert Cecil and Thomas W. Gregory, former United
Staler, Attorney General, are now here and are among those who have,
sought to draft a proviso relative to the Monroe Doctrine in such
form that it will meet the approval of legal experts.
The commission plans to hold continuous sessions until the
work of revision is completed.
Baker (.lulled
Blind to Army.
Court's Vaults
Senator Chamberlain Says
^ ar Secretary Is Under
Sway of Reaclioiiarics
S'ew York Trihvv,
II ashington Bureau,
WASHINGTON. March 20.?Secretary
of War Baker was held up to the coun?
try, in a letter to the Secretary made
public here to-night by Senator Cham?
berlain, chairman of th Senate Mili?
tary Affairs Com m ittee, as :
1. Being blind to the injustices of
the court-martial sy tern.
2. Attempting to uphold tho pres?
ent system of! military "justice"
with one hand, while making just
enough gestures toward reform as
might be calculated to head off a
Congressional investigation.
3. Proposing "corrective" legisla?
tion which Secretary Baker should
have Known could not pass.
?1, Supplanting a;1 officer who criti?
cised the system with one who be
lieved it did not need rcvisioirr--?
5. Having taken "a terrible stand
upon a subject which lies close to a
thousand American hearthstones."
The American people, however, Sen?
ator Chamberlain declares in conclud
ing his arraignment of the Secretary,
will not be "deceived by such self
serving, misleading reports and statis?
tics. Too many American families have
made a Pentecostal sacrifice of their
sons upon tho altar of organized in
ju ?tico."
lu his letter to Secretary of War
Baker Senator Chamberlain said, in
part :
"It is painful to me, Mr. Secretary,
Continued on puga ten
French Occupy
German Cities
To Quell 'Reds'
Mannheim and Karlsruhe,
East of Rhine, Taken
Over, Says Berlin P^per
GENEVA, March 20.?French troops
have occupied Mannheim and Karls?
ruhe, on the east bank of the Rhine,
on account of Spartacide outbreaks
there, the "Vossische Zeitung," of Ber?
lin, says.
The newspaper adds that the French
also occupied Rheinau, five miles south
of Mannheim, and Whinhafun.
A Berlin dispatch received Monday
said that reports had been received
there that the British and French had
advanced their outposts from limits of
their bridgeheads at Cologne and May
ence, respectively. The French were
reported to have entered Frankfort.
BERNE, March 20.--The Second Na?
tional Conference of Soldiers' and
Workmen's Councils of Germany ?will
be held early in April, German news?
papers announce. The conference will
discuss the reconstruction of Germany
and the relation of the councils to it,
and also the socialization of German
economic life.
New Jersey and France
Talk Over Telephone
Successful Wireless Test Pre- j
ceded the Ireland-Canada
WASHINGTON, March 20.?Wireless
telephone communication between
America and France was established
several days before the Marconi trials
between Canada and Ireland. This fact
was announced yesterday by Lieu?
tenant Commander S. C. Hooper, chief
of the Radio Division of the Navy.
It was also announced that constant
wireless telephone service with gov?
ernment officials in Washington will
be at the disposal of President Wilson
every moment of his return voyage
from France.
Commander Hooper stated that the
operator of the high powered station
at New Brunswick, N. J., had spoken
to the transport George Washington j
while she wbb lying in harbor at Brest, j
France. Owing to the fact that the
George Washington has not yet been ]
equipped with wireless telephone j
transmitting apparatus her operator
had to reply to the voice signals by
means of wireless telegraphy.
The George Washington is to be
equipped with a wireless telephone
transmitter before President Wilson
returns from the peace conference.
The transmission of the human voice
through the air over a distance of
3,000 miles without any connecting
wires has been made possible by the ]
radio frequency alternator designed ?
and invented by E. F. Alexanderson, '
of the General Electric Company, of
It was also stated to-day by naval
officials that the Alexanderson appa?
ratus was superior to the Marconi type '
of wireless telephone in use between
Glace Bay, Canada, and Clifden, Ire?
Germans Quit Posen;
Reject Allied Terms
Withdrawal Considered Mark
of Protest Against the
Polish Armistice
POSEN, March 20.?The German
delegation left Posen to-day for Berlin.
The Allied mission has returned to
PARIS, March 20.?Under a Posen
date of March 19 the Havas corre?
spondent says that, the Germans having
refused to sign the terms virtually
agreed upon, the negotiations have
been considered by the Allies as
broken off.
The correspondent, adds that the Ger?
mans were quitting Posen immediately.
Under the terms of the armistice
referring to Poland, the Germans were
to withdraw beyond a certain line in
Posen and were to refrain from any
offensive against, the Poles. The fore?
going dispatch indicates that, while
offering passive resistance to these
terms the Germans have decided to
withdraw from Posen as a mark of
st 13 Ontri] Pailc Wrm.
A beautiful car in beautiful gurrouudic?*.?A4rt
Wilson and Two Premiers
Hold Series of Confer?
ences to Reach Accord
Equality for Aliens
Is Tokio Demand
Peace Treaty^With League
Covenant, To Be Ready
March 29, Says House
PARIS, March 20 fBy The Asseci
atcd Press).?President Wilson, M.
Clemenceau, the French Premier, and
David Lloyd George, tho British Trim?
Minister, are holding a series of meet?
ings for the adjustment of differences
between them. They conferred at the
residence of Lloyd George to-day, the
session lasting from 3 o'clock in the
afternoon until late In the evening.
The differences constitute some of
the larger questions pending now?
reparation;! for war losses and the
Franco-German frontier. These ques?
tions, for the moment, have assumed
paramount importance, taking place
even ahead of the league of nations,
for while the work of the commission
revising the covenant is proceeding
rapidly, much difficulty is being met
in reaching an accord on reparations
and frontiers.
The chief issue of the question of
reparations 15 not what Germany
should pay, but w-hat she can pay.
The commissions which have studied
the subject have gradually reduced the
claims to a total of about $40,000,000,
How far President Wilson is adher?
ing to the ideas of the American mem?
bers of the commission is not known,
but it is thought probable they are
serving an a guide tor him.
Ready for Signing March 29
Colonel House told British journal?
ists to-day he was convinced that the
peace treaty, including the 'eagtrtf of
nations covenant, would be reedy for
signature on March 29, and ridded that
he would be "disappointed if the Ger?
mans were not at Versailles three
weeks hence.''
Premier Lloyd George told the Brit?
ish newspapermen that he had decided
to remain in Paris until the peace
treaty was signed. He expressed the
opinion that one of the reasons for
the present labor difficulties in Eng?
land was the fact that the treaty had
not been completed, which led to a
feeling of disquiet in that country. He
said he was "unable to imagine that,
labor leaders would resort to force at
the present moment."
Equal Treatment for
All Aliens in All Lands
Detnanded by Japanese
PARIS, March 20 CPy The Associ?
ated Press).?A Japanese amendment
to the covenant of the league of na?
tions providing that the contracting
parties shall agree to grant "equal and
just treatment" to all aliens within their
borders who arc nationals of states
members of the league will be submit?
ted to the .Supreme Council, it is
learned by Rcutcr's from Japanese
Tho standpoint of the Japanese is
that all citizens of nations deemed suf?
ficiently advanced to become member?
of the league should have equal rights
when travelling or living in foreign
countries, it is said.
While the Japanese delegates do not
accept the view that treatment of for?
eigners and discriminating immigra?
tion law3 are purely matters of do?
mestic policy, they say they are con?
tent to ask from the league only a
recognition of the claim of their people
now living in foreign countries t?
equal rights with other aliens.
Dominions Oppose It
The Dominion delegates here heartily
concur in the view of the British dele?
gation that the question of the equal?
ity of treatment of all nationalities
throughout the world is not a matter
for the league' of nations.
A prominent Australian expressed
the opinion that the Commonwealth
was not prejudiced against the Jap?
anese, but had a great admiration for
them. Nevertheless, he said; Aus?
tralians believed that it would be bet?
ter for the future world if each race
should develop along its own distinc?
tive lines.
Neutral countries of Europe, Asia
and South America were given an op?
portunity to-day to express their views
and propose amendments to the league
of nations plan. Nearby neutrals such
as Holland and Switzerland had sent
delegates in response to the invitation
of the Supreme Council, while more
distant countries were represented by
ambassadors and ministers residing in
The meeting was held at the Hotel
de Crilion, the American headquarters,
in the same room where the covenant
was framed. It was purposed to con?
tinue the session to-morrow if neces?
sary in order to complet* all neutral
proposals and prepare them for sub

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