ALL MERCHANDISE A.DVER
TISED IN THE T&1BUNE
First to Last? the Truth: News ? Editorials Advertisements
Partly cloudy and colder to-day. fair
to-morrow. Krcsh to strong
Full Iteport on Vngr 17
LXXVIII No. 26,424
New york Tribune Inc.l
SATURDAY, MARCH 22, 1919
* * 9
1 In Greater New Vork anri
?' \? Ithill i-OIIIHItll.IIU ?l;v;l ? ?
IHIili; I t\'h
bwner of 833,912.000
Subway Stock Forced
(nto Receiver's Hands
James R. Sheffi-rlcl
Appointed by Court
Shonts Blames Opposition
to Fare Increasc;?Sees
Danger to the I. R. T.
The Interborough Consolidated Cor
poration, which o*,vns $33,912,000 of
subway stock, went into receivership
ruterday. H was the second of the
three great Interborough companies to
rive up the gnost within twenty-four '
hours,the New York Railways Company
the green can lines' having been
tieclarcd bankrupt late Thursday. The
Interborough Rapid Transit Company ?
r,lonc remains?"our last trench,"
Ircsident Theodore P. Shonts admitted
Judge Julius M. Mayor, in the United !
States District Court, before whom the
bankruptcy petition was laid, nt once
named James R. Sheffield, former presi?
dent of the Republican Club, as re
ceiver, fixing his bond at $23,000.
Under the orders of the court, Mr.
Sheffield will act as custodian until
the creditors can meet and elect a
trustee. Unless the receiver i.s then
elected trustee he will retire.
Shonts Blames Hylan
Mayor Hylan and the city adminis?
tration were forcing the Interborough
corporation into bankruptcy by op
rosing increased fares, in crrler to
brirg about municipal ownership of
tno transit systems, President Shonts
aarged' after the second petition had
ken tileo1 yesterday.
He said the Interborough Rapid
Trpsit Company was in no immediate
lianger of following suit, and that it
would be able to meet its interest
cbarges due July 1. After that, unless '
fires were raised, he could see little j
ioje ot avoiding the same financial
*?itfsil which nad trapped the other two
Davc H. Morris, William F. Ladd and
?Villiam J. Franzioli, creditors and '
bondholders of the company, were the
petitioners yesterday. Their action
was taken after a statement had been
issued by the Interborough directors, ?
dcclaring tee corporation would be
anable to pay interest charges due <
Bankruptcy Resolution Adopted
The directors' meeting had been
eailed ir. thc board room at 185 Broad?
way yesterday morning by President
pfcants to cohsider an inquiry sent in
i-egarding the payment of interest due
"piii 1 on the I*/-, per cent collateral
Watbonda of the [nterborough-Metro
pohtan Company, preaecessor of the
The'directors adopted the following
"laaolred, That the president be,
?nd he is hereby, authoriaed to an
*?i*r tho communication of the bond
be>ldet? by a statement in writing to
'b<! tffect that this corporation is ar.d
*i1Hp unabie to pay the interest ac
-rttinj on A:.r : ), 1919, upon the 4!i
Wr cen? collateral trust bonda of the
tearboroogh Metropolitan Company,
poration ls willing to
w adjudged a bankrupt upoti
'mm" ' -n !'?'???. o? of thi*
iMttmtnt, Alexandei k Green, of 130
Ittedwa) eounsel for tl i three bond
wldem, prepared ar.d ftied the petition
in Juvolonttry bankruptcy. The peti
''on Mts out that the corporation i
?< eonaolidation ot the Interborough
grtrepolitan Railroad Company and
"** Pinanee and Holding Company,
???"?'h aogaged in the business of buy
"'*' acauiri'ng, holding and disposing
? the necurities of other corporations.
[- R. T. Passed Dividend
fn? (Mtttioners held that the act of
?* directors in admitting inability to
P*y the interest due next week was
?n act of bankruptcy. This situation,
"fider.t Shonts explained, was the
WUlt of the Interborough Rapid Tran
*W* failure to declarc dividends in
Jwuary. As the holding company
?*f :ids ?"??? ?*on of its income on the
r-.0W.000 ?' ?ub**ay stock it ov/ns,
"?? pa??m? ,,f the dividend was a
*?*-**?>" blow to it.
j, . U'r :-tating that the corporation
? a largo amount of stock* and bonds
'? ph-dg*.* as collateral, the
tinued that other securitiea
?' ??' Hb Hroadway or were
'i<> the control of the cor
? '?''? Going into detall of thcue
' ' umenl read:
'? informed ond
'?'? the following ?<.'
is,. . '??'.?;?'<?. ?,f ftock are
???"?? of ttte said al
? < h
?'il and t*n
of | | ( ',<.--..
-' ' '? I '/'.-<?<?
(fd on p>ige $iz
Lipton on Way Here to
Arrange Yacht. Cup Race
TV|ARBLEHKAD. Mass., March 21.
A cablcgram was received by
thc Corinthian Yacht Club to-day
from Sir Thomas Lipton starting
that he was sailing on the Anuitania
and would reach the United States
about March 26, when hc would '
confer with American yachtsmen
about thc rcsumption of interna?
tional yacht racing.
Sir Thomas has offcrcd a cup for
Class I' yachts in raccs to bc ar
ranged this year by thc Corinthian
Yacht Club. Some time ago hc
cabled the New York Yacht Club a
challenge for thc Amcrica's cup, thc
raccs to be conteated this year, but
thc Xew York club replied that it
prefcrred to wait until 1920.
Rolled in Bills
Hiinrirefis Are Taken From
Roy Tyler, oi' Brooklyn, \
by St, Louis Poliee on
Tip to Look for Poison
ST. LOUIS, Mo., March 21. Acting
on a tip from Detective Roddy, of thc j
Xew York Police Department, police
officials here soarehed thc clothing
of Roy Tyler, wanted by the Xew York i
authorities on a charge of robbing thc
East Brooklyn Savings Bank of $13,
"Tyler desperate. Search every '
inch of clothing i'or poison and saws," !
Roddy had telcgraphed.
The police stripped Tyler and went
over his clothing thoroughly. They
found, not saws or poison. but money.
The man.was literally clad in it. Bills:
of large denominations were sewed
into the scams of apparcl, conccaled in
thc lining, pastcd in his shoes.
Among the amounts found and the
placcs they were hidden were:
One $100 bill in ncckband of his
One S100 bill in Waistband of his .
One $100 bill in the cufT of his ;
One 100 bill under finger strap in
lining of his shoe.
Three $100 bills in lining of vest.
One $100 bill sewed in his soft col?
One $100 bill sewed in each cutf.
Three $50 bills sewed in liniilg of
One $50 bill in lining of his neck
After finish ing with the clothing the
prisoner wore the police turned their
attention to the contents of his suit
case. Here they found enough more
to bring the total up to several thou?
"Well, what of it?" Tyler exclaimed '
defiantly. "It's my money and f can
carry it that way if 1 want to."
Dr. Ralph Harding, of Kansas City,
who was arrested with Tyler, also was
forced to submit his clothing for sim
ilar search. In his right sock, folded
against the sole' of his foot, the police
found several hundred dollars.
Dr. Harding said Tyler had told him
to conceal his money there, for fear of
robbers, on their Way to St. Louis.
When Roddy's telegram came to-day
Chief of Police llannigan remembered
that yesterday Tyler had asked per
mission to change his clothes, but thc
request was refused. To-day his suit
case waa brought, to him and thc man
made a complete change.
Detective Sergeant Dowd, of Xew
York, arrived to-day and identilied
Tyler as the man wanted for tho
Brooklyn robbery. 'He was unable to
ide'ntify Harding. Tyler still main- '
tains his innocence and will return to
New York without demandlng extradi
Viettfry Loan Will Be
Lawt, (rlaMM Announces
Secretary I* Loitfirif-iit of Iim
Succetg; Kailun- lo IMVan
More Taxes, He Says
CHICAGO, March 21.?Secretary of
the Treasury Class in several/ appear
ances here before Liberty Loan organ?
izations, flnanciers and cditors and
publiahem to-day gave assurance that
the fifth Victory Liberty Loan
would be the last popular loan. It
will bc supplanted by a bond bu
leau of thc Treasury Department, he
said. He confidently predictcd of thc
i loan that the American people "will
make it. thc greatest success in thc
financial history of the world."
"The Victory Liberty Loan should bc
subscribed by the people from their
savings and carnings," said the Secre?
tary in one address, adding that thc
people in one way or another must
meet the govcrnment's obligations.
"They may on the one hand lend to
i their government and receive their
' capital with interest," he continucd,
i "or the government will have to raisc
funds by direct taxation, which takes
away thc funds entirely from the pco
"At the elcse of thc approaching
drive thc organization which has so suc
! cessfully corrluetcd the govcrnment'i
j war financing will be disbanded."
Thc Secretary said that hc was look?
ing forward to u speedy readjustment
of conditions, "and I trust that before
thc middle of April that readjustment
; will bc so far (ffected that the flotation
? of thc Victory Liberty Loan will have
; but small effect on the money market."
To Une Wireless 'Phoncs
MONTRKAL, March 21.-Tho wire
If-ao telephone is to bc put to practical
commercial use here,
Instrument", nrc being installed in
: th? offices of tha Montreal Board of
Trade, and these will enable brokera
tO talk v/ith Kingston. Ottawn, Three
f I < ra i ?") Quobac,
[j . ?xBoeted nert that ultimaiely
eonveraatlooa arlll take place between
tho Board of Tradai and frclend, over
I thc Marconi company's wireless plant,
Aided Pacif ists,
Secret Instructions Issued
Perverting Laws lo Give
Comfort to I. W. W. and
Soeialists, Part of Charge
Officers Are l)umfoiin<if<!
Kevelations Made by Mem?
ber of General Court Mar?
tial at Camp Funston
KAXSAS CITY, March 21. Pcrfec
tion of a pacifisl organization in such
clcver manner that it has reached "thc
foundations of thc most active depart?
ment of the government thc War De?
partment," was charged in an address
hero to-day by Major Dick B. Fostcr,
member of thc court-martial at Camp
Funston, Kansas, which tried 135 aj
leged conscicntious objectors.
He accused Secretary of War Baker
of "intcntionally or unintcntionally
aiding and assisting the I. W. W., In?
ternational Soeialists and llumanilar
ians in their progranime of blocking
construction of the army by oxtending
and perverting thc acts <>f Congress
for thc protcction, comfort and solacc
of these obstructionists."
"In giving up this story of con?
scicntious objectors, I want to assurc
you that I have no personal reason for
doing so," Major Fostcr declarcd in
his address, which hc read.
Citizens Entitled to Know
"I am an American citizen, an cx
officer of thc United States army. and
as such feel that every Ameuican is
entitled to know conditions which sur
rounded the induction into the army
of thc true conscicntious objectors
and thc false conscicntious objectors,
which included ?Industrial Workcrs of
the World, International Soeialists,
anarchists and slackcvs."
Here the speaker brought his charge
that thc Secretary of War "had given
aid" to thc objectors, and then read
paragraphs from what he dcclared
were official orders providing that
all those having "personal scruples
against war" should be construed as
"Let me impress upon you what
these secret orders meant," Major Fos?
tcr continucd. "They meant that every
soldier in the United States army
could have at any time "gone to his
commanding officcr and upon stating
that he was opposed to war taken otF
his tiniform and refused to do military
Tclls of Hungor Strike
The officer related how objectors
who were in the guard house a\M||itiiig
trial would refuse to line up for mess,
throwing themselvcs upon the ground,
kicking and screaming. Thc objectors
sel up rt hunger strike, he said, and
Continued on pagc seven
Wihon Takes Measures
To Raise Federal Funds
pARIS, March 21 (By Thc As
?*? sbciated Press). ? President
Wilson is keeping in Hose touch
?with his private secretary, .Joseph
P. Tumulty, and Secretary of the
Treasury Glaas, regarding the
situation in which the executive
departments at. Waahington have
been left as a result of the failure
of Congfes*- to act on several or
the great annual appropriation
President Wilson has satisfietl
himself that, for the present at
least, there is no imminent dan
ger of tho. suspension of any vital
government activities. and already
has authorized measures to meet
emergencies that have arisen.
0 to Resijm
In League Test
If Reed Will
Missouri Legislators Dare
Senator to Go Before
ilir IVople for Decision
ou Wilson IMan Issue
ST. LOUIS, March 21.- Kil'ty Denyo
cratic members of the State Lcgisla
turo announced to-day at Jeffcrson
City thal they would acccpl the chal
lenge of Senator James A, Reed and
rcsign provided Senator Reed would
follow their cxample and quit thc
United States Senate. The legislators
proposc that they and Senator Reed
run for election in order to put the
league of nations issue before the
people and make possible a popular
decision on bhe 'matter.
\'o reply to thc legislators' proposal
has been made by tlie Senator.
Tlie action ol the lcprislal ors came
after a series of conferences by Demo
I cratic leaders, at which they decided
to call thc Senator's "bluff" and prove,
as they said', that the people of ^is
souri were bekind the President and
his league of nations plan.
Should Senator Reed C'.'il to rcsign
the legislators decided, as an alter
? native, to call a state convention of
prominent Dcmocrats ''rom evary
county in thc state to indorse the
President's peace programme, de
[ nounce Senator Reed and reorganize
the l>eic')cr;:'.ic jCi'.r'.y in the Sta of
Senatar Reed, in a speech here to
night, throw dewn the g&uiitlet to his
opponcnts, again bitterly^ attacked the
league of nations idea and told several
thousands of his hearera just what
would happen if the United States
: "signed up
Five thousand persons w, m unable
to gain qdmittance to the hall-.
The Rev. Barrus Jenkins, of Kansas
City, provoked n noisy demonstration
when hc mounted the speaker's plat
form in the House at Jefferson City
to answer a previous attack by Sena?
tor Reed upon tne leajrue. He began
with the assertipn thal thc "war was
won upon the iourteen points'' laid
down by "the Prime Minister of all
mankind. Woodrow Wilson."
U. S. Prohibits
Deal in Mexico
Senator Phelan Charges a
Scheme to Acquire Tract
iu Lower California
From American Concern
aa miii _
Peace League Inyolved
l)<-muiul fclr Forlification
of thc Monroe Doctrine
I -^ Given Fresh Impctus
New Vork Tribune
WASHINGTON, March 21. Thc State
Department, in rcsponse to a number
of telcgrams from Senator Phelan, of
California, now in that state, which
reported thc allcgcd ncgotiations by
Japanese interests for the purchase
from American interests of 800,000
acres of land in Lower California, has
telegraphed to tho California-Mexico
Land Company, of Los Angeles, warn
iur; il that cunsummation of a sale of
such property wlil not be tolcrntcd by
Thc nature of thc warning is con
taincd in thc text of the Lodge reso
lution, adopted by the Senate in 1912,
and which cau.-sed the suspension of
ncgotiations at that time between Jap?
anese interests and an American syn
dicate I'or thc purchase by thc latter
of Magdalena Bay, Lower California,
but which, if allowcd, would have fur
nishccl to Japan a valuablc site for a
The conscquenccs of thc reviving of
thc old question of purchase by Japan
of IcTritory on this contincnl was re
garded here to-night by students of the
international situation as having pos
sibilitics of important developments.
At. the Japanese Embassy knowlcdge of
any ncgotiations between any Japanese
interests and Americans or others for
the purchase of Mexican land was de?
nied. One Japanese authority stated his
personal belief that thc report was an
in ven tion.
Some of the conscquenccs of the dis
cussion which the raisin"; of thc ques?
tion is thought to make possible are:
First?Strengthening the position of
thoso crittcs of ttic present, draft of
the covenanl of the league of nations
who assert it does not co-nserVe the
Monroe Doctrine, and that n specifis
reeervation of tliat document in thc
treaty of peace cieating a league ought
to be made.
second Defeal of theJapanese amend?
ment of the ieapue covenant guaran
teeing international racial equality.
Third- To bring in question the re
lations between Mexico and Japan. In
one quarter it was asserted it was
hardly probable that a sale of such ex
tensive tracta o? Mexican territory
could he considered without tirst ob
taining from Mexico City an indication
of the Mexican government's attitude
towards it. >
The State Department, it was learned.
has no information concerning thc re?
ported negotiations other than Senator
Threatens to Quit
Parley if Denied Fiume;
Wilson Seeks Senate Votes
Iicpiihiicaii Hacking is
Souglil lo Insurc Atlop
liou of Lcainic Draft
See Mghi Ahead
Convinced Congress V* "ill
He Mosl Critical of
Trcatv When PrescntecS
:v-T ).,,/. v. bun*
Special Cable .'.'? .?????
iCopyrlgul tnifl *>'<"* rork Trlbune Ice.)
PARIS, March 21, I'hore is al pre
cnt a very noticeablc change from thc
formcr eoeksure attitude of American
delcgntc** that American jpinion will
force tho Unilcd States Senato to ac
ccpt any treaty which President VVil
son br.inga home to it.
No'V that the President has won n
noiablo victory on this sidp of the Al
lantic by his insinteucc that his views
on a league of nations covenant bo
part. am! parccl of a prefiminary peace
treaty, he is e.verting hinuelf lo obtain
: Senatorial s'anction of the proposed
It is clear that if thcrc is to be a
light in thc Senate it will be over the
preliminary treaty. in which all im?
portant questiohs are to be includcd.
Thc fact thal the United States Senate
is the only re'presentative body of the
five great power- which must ratify the
treaty tencis to make tho situation at
Washington increasingly important.
Efforts are now being made through
icne American delegate here to obtain
?i sumcient number of Republican \otes
to pave thc way toward a successful
Uyo-thirds vote necessary to ratify tho
peace terms as they will be presented
'? to America.
v; yeaterday aftenoon's meeting al
j thc Hotel Crillon of neutral repre
I sentatives, with Colonel House, Lord
| Robert Cecil and Leon Rourgcois and
? other representatives of the league of
nations committee, discUssion of pos?
sible amendments lo t'nc proposed
terms was brought forth by the Ameri?
If the meeting was successful, it will
? further strengthen tfle Wilson contefT
tion that the world is behind the league
; of nation-. and the Senate will be
forced to fall in line or assume respon
sibility for delaying a peace which the
world wants -
Diplomatic opinion here is that the
most adroit thing which Wilson has
? \ et done in the peace conference is
firmly to tie the league of nations
plan to the preliminary peace draft aa
to force Kuropean statesmen, whether
reluctant or not, morally to supporl
him in whatever dome3tic infelicities
may arise at home'with the Senate.
lt is clearly realized that a delay in
ratification of the peace terms by the
Senate may have I'atal results in thc
projectlng of a permanenf peace. This
has been keenly perceived by the
I French delegates, who have urged an
i immeoiate preliminary peace which will
remove thc German menace and pcrmit
- them to reaume their normal industrial
nnd economic life,
I'ear OlsaatroOs Delay
Presidcnl Wilson \? well aware ol thi
unpati'-riee of I'uropcans, who have
walted ftve months for peace, chafing
under ihe delay 'l he council of ten
i virtiifilly promised lo have peace tcrma
I drawn up and conditions adjunted in
? two week-, and that period having been
greolly excoeded 111 * - President i? nol
| unconscious of tho onun for further
i delay which will fall On the Senate,
and he counts upon that fact to hasten
i its action in ratlfying the treaty as it
' is presented to it.
Los Angeles Mayor Hel<l
On Hribe Indictment
Charged With Protecting Vice;
iivo Others Accused of
Paying Money *
LOS ANGELES, March 21.-?Mayor
Prederick T. W'oodman of Los Angeles
was indicted to-night on a charge of
receiving a bribe for tlie protection of
George Brown and George Ilcndcr
son were indicted on n charge of givitig
a bribe in connection with the same al
Frank Hitchcock Flies
From Coblenz to Cologne
\, ii. Ynrfr Tribun*
Special f'nhle Service
COBLENZ, March 19, Frank Ilitch
: cock, formerly Mr. Taft's campaign
i manager, who has been here "without
[political significance," left to-day for
Cologno by aeroplane.
Mr. Hitchcock went to Cologne in an
American machine as the passenger of
Captain Dogan Arthur, of Urpon, S. C,
commander of the Twelfth Aero Squad
Mr. Hitchcock before Icaving cx
pref.sed the greatest admiration for thc
morale and appearance of the American
Armv nf OcCUTfation. *
Foes to Shun Parley
linless Given Hearing
IJKl'LIX. March 20 (By Tho
' ?* Associa?ed Preas). -The.Ger?
man government, it is said, is dis
uiclincid to send a special mission
to Paris for a meeting with the
mcjnbers of the Allied peace con?
ference, if the reports are cor*
rect that thc Entente Powers will
not permit of a discussion of the
draft of tho peace trcaty.
The German delegatcs, ifj is
statcd, consider that if they are
not to be given a hearing they
can spare themselves thc trouble
of a trip to Versailles and instead
seml a messenger to bring the.
draft of the peace treaty to
Wilson a INew
King, Democrat, of lJtah,
Safeguardt-* IVfonroc Pact
and Provides ?America
(?overn Internal Affairs
By Carter Fipld
Netv 1 crli Tribune
Washinoton Burca ?
WASHINGTON, March 21. A new
constitution ,'or the proposed league
of nations. written with a view to
meeting some of thc more vigorous
objections which have been raised to
the present draft by such Senatois as
Lodge. Knox, Borah, Reed and Poin
dexter. was completed to-day by Sen?
ator William H. King, of Utah. Mr.
King is a Democrat and normally a
strong Administration Senator.
A copy of the King constitution
was mailed lo President Wilson to
night by Senator King. and in about
thiee weeks. the Utah Senator an
nounccd, he will go to Paris personally
to urje on the President his draft
instead of the present instrument.
Senator King's draft makes the fol?
lowing points in meeting opposition
objections lo thc draft. approved by
the fi esident:
i The States of the l.eague
which name is substituted for
the league of nations"), shall recog
nize thc Monroe Doctrine.
*y The western hemisphere shall
supervise its own disturbances
and the eastern hemisphere shall take
care of its own troubles. 4
?_> There sliall be no interference
with internal questions. men
tioning specifically that there shall be
no international control of imposts,
or tariff duties, nor of immigration
rest i ict iona.
Senator King is confident that his
form of a league of nations will meet
the approval not oniy or the country
but of a great, majority of thc Senate.
He points out that most ofthe ob
jections made by Senators and others
in attacking the league as proposed
have related to the abandonment of
the Monroe f'oifiine: the possibility
of h K'lropean oi Orlentttl country BC
qulring territory <<i concessions ln tha
western Hemisphere; tha possibility
of thc United Statea being made nian
..nd obliged to .'ii'i It?' 'roopn
lo pol Ii '? -oiii>- Kuropean or Asial le
country; the pos of the h.-ugu*
I'orcing the United States to lot down
> immigration bars, o ipocially against
Orientals, nnd the poesibility of the
fore ing the United State* to
change its tariff charge
I hore also hflH been the very general
objection that the language of the
con titution as reported in Pans and
amploned by tho President is not
specilic or clear enough on very many
points, and that too many 'loopholed
for disagreements are made possible.
Senator King believes that his draft
of the text meets this objection also,
He has left OUt many of thc custom
ary diplomatic phrases, such as "the
high contracting parties," and has
made the language throyghout as clear
and straight for ward as possible.
Blockade to Continue
Until Germanv Yields
British Plea for Sale of C.olton
Goods to Neutrals Is
LONDON, March 21.- ln the House
of Commons to-day Mr. Brown Stoker
BUggested that in view of thc almost
total cessation of movement in the
cotton trade and the consceuent scar
city of work free cntry of cotton goods
into Scandinavia, Denmark and Holiand
should he pcrmitted.
Mr Harmsworth, Under Foreign
Secretary, replied that thc abrogation
of thc btockadc arrangements could bc
carried out only with the consent of
the Allics. All thc associatcd govern?
ments, Mr. Harmsworth continucd, con
sidered it necessary at present, for
rcasons of policy, to mnintain the
blookadc, but were fully aliye to the
neutral irritation. As soon as thc pur?
pose of the blockadc, in obtairung thc
enemy's tveceptancc and executij*) of
Allied terms, had been fulfillcd the gov
ernment would welcome thc possibility
of removing thc restrictione.
THI AM) HATI.lt rOtt UIAITH
Oi o oufil ot IU p'urlij arttl grcal mcdlt I
n.il power u i.- S.i'i' .ti"l tvilUovi iin oqual
in nll cttties ot fevei*. Bend r?i n,-v\' lllus
trated booli giving i>olf century of liistorv
uiiil oiuloiBcmeriib luliitiif .siirinu Co., LltC
Hr<>?.|?,,v Vevv YerV ,1rf,.f
House to Offer Counter
Plan in an Efforl lo
Placate Home Itavoys
Brought to Head
\\ ashington Expects Pow
ers to Give ln Hatlier
Tlian Hisk a \c>\ War
PARIS, March 21 (Bj Thi \ o
ciated Press), Thc Italian delegation
to the peace conference hn
inously dccided to withdraw from (he
conference unless Fiumi igncd
tO Italy eoiltcmpoi ail'on |j vith )!).?
conclusion of pei.
The decision was reached m n in*>et
ing to-day of the full delegatiQii.'pre
sided over by Prcmier Orlnndo, lt waa
immediately communicntcd lo thc .??
Colonel 1-;. M. House, of tlie Amcri
can mission, promised Prcinier Oi
I Iando to present within a few da*
! projeef concerning the Italian Jugo
Slav frontier which hc hope:, will
j isfactorily sett le tho dii pute.
In a cable dispatch to Thc Tribune
on .March L8 Frcderiek Moore, The
Tribune's Paris correspondent, tatcd
thal thc Italian delegation was n ??
to defy President Wilson and <iu11 th<
peace"* table unless Italy's claini to
Fiume vvas recognized by the pcaci
i conference. This was afterwarda de
niedF by a press association.
Crisis Brought to a Head
The above dispatch, confn min.
, Moore's cable, indicates that the con
troversy between Italy and Jugo
Slavia over the disposition of the lan-i
; along the Adriatic formcrly belonging
I to the Austro-Hungarian Bmpiro haa
been brought to a head.
Italy's claims originally im luded
virtually the entire Daimatian coa
. with Trieste and Fiume, second princj
i pal seaports on thc eastern id - of the
Adriatic Recenl reports havp beeii
1 that the Italian reprcsentatives were
manifesting a disposition to make im
portant concessions if Fiume remaincd
to Italy. Thc Jugo-Slavs, however,
have been insistent that Fiume 1 <- nl
lotted to them, claiming it to bc es
I sentially a Croatian city and
sary to the new Jugo-Slav state es af
fording the only suitable sea outlct
for her commerce.
Italy Slandinsr I'irni
There has been no disposition oi
uart of Italy to yield, so far .
was concerned. Her attitude v
cially stated by Premiei ?
? hc declared that while Italy remaincd
- "faithful to the spirn of conciliation
which inspired thc treaty upon w.
Italy entered the war," that dtd not
mean that she could "rcrnani ln
1 sible to thc appeal rcaching bcr fi
, the Italian town on the Gulf of Quai
nero (Fiume)," which was
to the loss of both its national ity
I'oivers Are Expected
To (front Italians1
Demnnd for FUitne
ie, , ? . .i .
WASH1NCT0K. Man-h 31
threet of the Italian delegation ti
withdraw from tha pfitc* conferenc*
. unless it ia dccided to astugn Fiume to
Italy contemporaneoutily with the con
clumon of peace caused little surprise*
in diplomatic circlea to-day. For sev?
eral weeks obscrvers of the negotia
tions at Paris and of incidents in th"
Slavic territories of the former Au*
trian Kmpire 'have fearcd an open
i break between Waly and Serbia.
Official conlirmation of the reported
action of the Italian delegation wai
lacking, both at, the Itaiian Emb I
and the State Department, but 'here
; was nowhere any disposition to que
tion the authenticity of the report
i Real apprehension that the threat
would be consummated, however, wp -.
In Balkan circles it was declared that
such withdrawal by Italy would iu
evitably mean fresh war, in the fir.M
mstance between Jugo-Slavia and Italj
drawing into it every other Balkan
nation, and possibly rencwing th<. en
: tre European conflict with an cntircly
different nlingment of power.-.
One Balknn diplomat, who declined
for obvtous rcasons to permit his name
i to be used, said Greece and Rumanit
have less to f?2r from italian aspira
tions than from tho:** of Serbia, adding
that Serbia comes out of thc war with
a greater eomparative acccssion ofter
ritory than any other hclligercnt.
grcatly disturbing the balance of
power i:i the Balkan?, and that, should
thc Danubian confedcrntir-n advocat >?j
U> President Masaryk of Caechi
\akia be realixed, erabmcing not onlj
I Jugo-Slavia and Czccho-Slavin, but
German Austria as'well. the bnlatice of
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