ALL MBRCHANDISE ADVER
TISED IN THE TRIBUNE
Falr to-da and to-morrow; w?rm?f?i
morrow; stroog north winda.
First to Lasf?the Truth: News ? Editorials Advertisements
V^L LXXVIII No. 26,425
New YorU Tf Ibune Ine.]
SUNDAY, MARCH 23, 1019?EIGHT PARTS? SEVENTY-FOUR PAGES
FIVE CENTS ^SSr
Paris Now Debating Fate of the Monroe Doctrine;
Neutrals Propose 30 Changes in League Covenant
Thousands of O'Ryan's i
Hindenburg Line Vet?
erans Begin Assault j
on New York To-night
Set for To-morrow
Fifth Avenue Gaily Deco
ratcd for Greatest Mili
tary Pageant Tuesday
Kew York will formally pass into the
posscssion of ita heroic sons to-night.
Special trains will bring the van- I
guard of the welcome army of invasion :
to the city iate this afternoon, pre- J
paratory to the great military pageant
of to-morrow and Tuesday.
For two days the wheels of industry
throughout greater New York will come
to an almost complete standstill while
Father Knickerbocker pToudly greets
his triumphant sons of the 27th Divis
Although the great event of the two
day spectacle of welcome will not oc
eur uritil the men who broke through
the Hindenburg line march up Fifth
Avenue Tuesday morning, the celebra
tion will begin for many of the youth
ful veterans?and for aa many citizena
as can crowd into the picture?when
the Brooklyn soldiers reach theirhome
Brooklyn and Tb? Broroc>iU shout
"Welcome hom'e!" to thair returning
heroes in pre'.iminary parades to-mor?
row morning. To make those reviews
pwsible it was necessary to provide
ipecir.! trains to bring them in from
Cunps Merritt and Mills late this
afternoon and this evening. They will
move immediately to their armories,
where thcy will be greeted in an in
fonnal manncr by their relatives and
Others Here on Leave
Others from the camps have antici
pated the official movcment of troops
by coming to their homes on special
lcave. Many will rcmain here for the
festivities that await them, and avoic
the scheduled movements of theii
unita by trains and ferries to-nighf
and to-morrow morning.
Practically all of to-morrow morn
ing will be triven over to more or les:
informal reviewB and grectings as unit:
arrivc to march across the city to ar
rnories. The programme for the 107th
for in3tance. will be an claborate one
Major (Jenpral John F. O'Ryan am
other high omccrs of t'nc division wil
tevicw t'nc marchcrs as they make thei
first trip up Fifth Avenue from th
sUnd before the Union Leaguc Club.
An cscort of the old 7th, numbcrin,
approximately 4,000 men undcr Majo
General l)aniel Appleton, will marc!
with tho returning veterans. Sinc
this will be the most intimatc, pcrsona
greeting of thn special friends of thi
organization, the men arc looking foi
ward to their own parade with almos
*s great intercst as to the big spectacl
Avenue Gayly Decorated
Fifth Avcnue's holiday dress, prol
sbly the most claborate and costly ra
ment it has worn in all its histor
tarcer, has becn completed and donne
Hs decorations have been divided ir.'
thrce clasges, in which as many sent
ments are expressed. The note of tr
uraph, the note of memorial and th
of carnival and jubilation, all are e
preased in oymbola of light and colc
At Madison Square the splendo
that mark a Roman triumph will
reproduced. A colonade of pylons w
extend from Twenty-third Stre
north, fonning a lane up to the V
tory Arch, at Twenty-fifth Stre
which ia the dominant feature of tl
part of the avenue.
There will be impreaaive ceremoni
*t thia point. On the Altar of Libei
ther? will be massed stands of fla
?? all the Alliea and representath
from the embanie* of these vario
nationa will be there to review t
narebing soldiera and participate
<?rtain formal exercisea.
Bnglers to Sound Salate
On the approach of the procesai
"Wbanda will e?aae their triumpl
?u?le and the buglers will aound
Wttte to the colors. Acroaa th? a
Rue wiil be atretched a ailken ro
*? the ?.a!ute is aounded a aingle a
???r of the 27th Divlalon- aithar
pr)v?t* or a non-commiaaioned offb
*"* will be chosen becauae of apec
eallantry for which ne has receh
oceerationa?will ntep forward i
Mver this barrler wim hia bayonat
roremoat in the proceaaion will
* group of aoldlera carrylng an I
?**??? ?ervice fiag with 1,972 g
mr?, the ?ft of the Luncheon C
.' lh* V;w ? 9rk Slo?k Kxehang*. 1
"l*?* *'" ''* ommi;mar?tiv? of
J* wfeft lkj,j 4<,wtt lheir |iv4,n
*r*1*n and B?lgi?m.
JT" v''" <om* * ?'in cs?isso>i. <ir?
^V*>ntinued an payn fourleen
Trotzky Is Scared
By Letts Successes
OARIS, March 22.?The Estho
nians-Lettish offensive against
the Bolsheviki is menacing Petro
grad so seriously that Leon
Trotzky, the Bolshevik Minister
of War and Marine, has ordered
the general mobilization of all
men up to the age of forty-six,
according to a Zurich dispatch to
Seen as New
Commercial Use of Wire?
less System Within a
Few Years Is Predicted
bv Dr. A. W. Goldsmith
"Public wireless telephone communi
cation b$tween the United States and
Europe ?will be established within a
very few years."
This prediction was made yesterday |
by Dr. Alfred N. Goldsmith, in a spe- i
cial interview with The New York
Tribune. Dr. Goldsmith is director i
of the Radio Telegraphic and Tele- !
phonic Laboratory, and professor of
electrical engineering of the College
of the City of New York, and one of
the leading experts on wireless tel
ephony in the country.
"The obstacles which have retarded
progress for the last ten years in the
field of radio telephony," he. said, "are
now in the main satisfactorily solved.
We may confidently expect within a
very few years to be able to off-er any
telephone subscrjber jn $he ,...jJjiitfld
States reliable ep^mnni^t'^ W f?iy
! subscriber1 in Eng&nd, :^m jprppahly
j also to any aubscriber on the continent
i of Europe."
Mfctnod of OfteTatiOn, De?rib?a
Describing the method by which a
j telephone subscriber in this country
will talk to one in Europe, he said:
*'When John Smith, of Cincinnati,
| wishes to talk to Jacques Bohhomrae,
Of Marseilles, France, every word
1 spoken in Cincinnati must travel over
the long distance telephone lines from
, Cincinnati to the long distance radio
telephony station (situated for ex
! ample, in New Jersey), thence* by
! wireless across the Atlantic to the
receiving station (situated for ex
ample in Wales), and by telephone line
across the channcl to Marseilles. The
words spoken in Marseilles travel over
the same route in the reverse direc
"There are two points where we pass
from wire lines to radio and from radio
to wire lines. At these points most in
genious and elaboratc electrical trans
fer apparatus is Tequired. But the sub?
scriber will not be concerned with the
elaborate equipment actually used, but
will gct just as specdy and satisfactory
service as on the normal long distance
Dr. Goldsmith dcclared evcntually
there will be morc than a hundred
wireless telephone transatlantic cen
tral stations crected along the Atlantic
scaboard and a corresponding number
along the European and African coasts
He also declared transoceanic wireless
telephony would become univcrsal.and
gave a reproduction of what he con
sidercd would be the procedure of e
! subscriber in this country talking tc
. i another subscriber in Argentina a few
. I years hence.
cj "We shall suppose," he said, "tha<
I j Frank Jones, of Dyckman 386, is call
? | ing J. Desigante, of Cuidad 76fi, ir
Buenos Ayres. We assume that Clair
view is the long distance radio statioi
in this country and Sol del Plata th<
long distance radio telephone centra
in Argentina. In addition, before eacl
remark we will give the clapsed time ii
minutes and seconds, very roughl;
e'| j Typical Overseas Chat
"0:00 - Mr. Jones (on his telephon
at home): 'Radio long distanct
"0:0&?Operator (at Dyckman cen
tral): 'One minute please.' (She cor
nects his line to the Clairview radi
"0:25 . Operator (at Clairview)
'Radio long distance speaking.'
"0:30-- Mr. Jones: 'I wish to spea
to Buenos Ayres. A personal call fc
Mr. J. Deaigante, D-?-?-l-g-a-n-t-i
whoae number in Cuidad 732.'
"0:45?Operator (at Clairview), Bu
nos Ayres?Mr, J. Desigante, of Cu
dad, 762. What i? your number?'
"1:00?'Mr. Jones; Dyckman, 38
Mr. Frank Jones speaking.'
"1:20--Operator (at Clairview, tal
sng out on radtophone)?"Hello, Bi
nos Ayres! Hello, Buenos Ayres! N'<
York call ing.'
?H:46?Operator (at Sol del Plata)
'Hello, New York! Buenos Ayres tal
"1:60 Operator (at Clairview)
(Jontituied on page *i.c
AIRCHAfT YSA? ?eOK.-Oi*" BijMfc
A?imttM?l<?? l? Mntrteti', tella Iww men mr; ?l
?!!//?? ronwmtreUI firtuw I'l ?lr. iSumtvlnr
Altirtti A?o"UM'/n. TM flfih Atenue. U -Ai
As Postal Head
3ther Chief Officers, Di
rectors and Owners Are
Relieved of All Duties
Failure-to Obey Charged
Postmaster General Says
Wire Heads Tried to Dis
eredit and Embarrass U. S.
WASHINGTON, March 22.?Differ
ences between the management of the
Postal Telegraph and Company Com
pany and Postmaster General Burle?
son, which have been acute ever since
the government assumed control of the
telegraph and telephone systems, cul
minated to-day in an ordcr by the
Postmaster General summarily re
lieving the chief officers, directors and
owners of the Postal company from
all duties in connection with govern?
ment operation of their system.
In the place of Clarence H. Mackay
president of the company, the ordei
appointed A. F. Adams, president ol
the Kansas City Home Telephone Com?
pany, and members of the government'?
general telephone and telegraph oper
ating ooard, to take over managemen'
of the entire postal system. In an
nouncing the action, Postoffice De
partment officials said Mr. Adams pre
sented the order at the company'
headquarters in New York to-day an<
took over control.
\V. W. Cook, general counsel, an<
^iUJani J. .jJsegan, secretary, wer
named speeifically with Mr. Mackay i
the removal order.
Accuaed of Ignoring Orders
The , Alopartment's announcertteu
said the acilbn waa made necessary b
failure or refusal of the postal 01
ficials to follow instructions efforl
to embarrass and diacredit govert
mcnt control and failure promptly t
j put a newwage schedule and the eighi
| hour day into operation.
Officials said informally they ai
! sumed the Postal Company'would sec
| to interfere with execution of tl
! order by some court action, thoug
I they did not know what form it migl
j take. The officers relieved of the
: duties under the government reta
their connection with the company i
sclf, the Postmaster Gencral's author
ty extending only to the actual cor
Continucd on pagc six
Wilson Delayed by
Appeals for 6iJustice'
New York Tribune
SpeciaX Cablc Servire
OARIS, March 22.?President
Wilson's prestige throughout
f]urope continues to accumulate
if the mass of appcals sent to
him direct is an indication. In a
single day twenty-fivc letters
from one district arrived at Cril
lon, appealing for a dccision, not
of the conference, but by Wil?
Many scores of sueh letters from
official bodies and community del
egations daily reach tho. desk of
the Crillon secretaries and ob
viously never reach Mr. Wilson.
Delegations arrive and wait for
days in Paris for an opportunity
to see the President and depart
rejoicing if he says, as he did to
the Fiume delegation :
"I am much interested in your
ease; justice shall be done."
Of Incbme Tax
Total for Year Expected to
Meet Congress Estimate;
Victory Loan Probably
Will Bp S6.000.000.000
s WASHINGTON, March 22. With the
j announcement to-day that collection;
1 from the first 25 per ci nt installmen
. payment of income and profita Laxei
I last Saturday amounted to $1,001,000,
| 000 and might go higher with latcr re
ports, the last financial milestone pre
ceding the Victory Liberty I.oan hai
; been passed, and it scems probabl
that the loan will he for approximatel;
attending a conference closing to-nigh
wero told that although official statc
ments of the amount of the loan hei'c
toforc havo rcferred to "five or si
billions," the higher figure was neare
correct. Treasury officials to-day ow
phasized, however, that the amount. c
the loan had not actually been d(
Tax collections of a little more tha
a billion dollars ineicated that the t<
tal tax yiold this year from incom
and profita levies woul bc more tha
Continued on page
Middle of May
Senate May Be Called Even
Earlier to Act on Peace
Treaty il Advanec of
President to Cable Order
Decision Awaits Only Def
inite Idea as to Time of
His Return to America
PARIS, March 21 ( By The Associated
! Press).? A special session of both
' houses of the American Congrcss pro
| hably will be called to assemble about
the middle of May, the date when
President Wilson hopes to return to
the United Statcs.
H is possible that if the treaty of
peace is sufficiently advanccd to war
rant such a course, a special session
of the Senate may be called even ear?
lier t<i afford it opportunity to dca
with this subject before being callet
upon to direct its attention to othei
importanl matters, chief o\' which wil
be financial affairs.
It is helcl to be unnnecesasry foi
President Wilson to be in Washing
ton when the call for such a specia
\ session is issued, for this may bi
cabled from Paris in advance of hi
departure from France. Mr. Wilsor:
, however, has reached no decision re
. garding the question and is reservin.
L the shaping of his rourse of actio
j until hc has a more dehnite idea o
. the date <>i* his return to America.
The President is also keeping i
. touch with the development of sent
I nier.t in tii.e United States toward"
b loague of r.mions. 17 the situation af
v pears to him to demand such aetioi
int is. net unlikely that shortly afte
t his return from Europe lie will nial;
. an extended speaking tour, presentin
,. his view of the issue dircctly to tr.
x voters in the states whos esenatoi
,. are opposed to ratification of tr
,. league plan.
New York Tribune
WASHINGTON. March 22, Repor
n from abroad that President Wilson \yj
,. return l.o this country earlier than 1
iiad intended, and that he proposed
10 eail an extra session of Congress abo
n May 13, met with approbation amoi
Continuecl on next page
British Dominions Refuse to Act
As Judges in European Disputes
T ONDON, March 22.?The British Dominions do not feel that they
should take the responsibility of entering into the deciding of the
differences of European nations where the British Empire is not
directly involved, it is set forth in a memorandum on the league of
nations submitted by Sir Robert Borden, the Canadian Premier, to
the British delegation at the peace conference, according to the Paris
correspondent of "The Moming Post."
The memorandum, the correspondent states, is supported by the
It was not submitted, he adds, after consultation with the Aus
tralian delegates, but Premier Hughes of Australia, according to the
correspondent, has pointed out that this does not imply that Australia
disagrees with it.
Victors Doubting Victorv
And Foes Doubt Defeat
Germany Morally and Financially Bankrupt;
Americans in Berlin hicenced and Connt Bern
storff Is tfcBack in Saddle"
By Frank H. Sirnonds
PARIS, March 22.-I doubt if there
was ever in history a more amaz
ing spectacle than that in Europe to
day. The victors of a world war are
becoming less and less certain of their
victory and the concruered even less
couvinced of their defeat.
From the monient Xapoleon went to
St. Helena to his death Europe con
tinued to give itself over to successive
frights over the possibility of the es
cape of the great Emperor, who was in
l'act a broken and dying man. One may
hope that the similar condition of
nerves in Europe now may proye
equally ricliculous in the light of later
There is no more interesting and at
the same time baffling game in Paris
than trying to judge what are the con
ditions in Germany from such evidence
as is brought to the French capital by
soldiers, civilian commissions and
diplomatic delegations which come
back from or through Germany.
in what direction is Germany mov- j
Toward Bolshevism or toward rcin
tegration which shall niake her once
' more a menace to ihc Wcstern powers?
ts I It is perfectly clear that there are
" two grcat problcms facing the Western
i world. Only a strong Germany that
ut : is, a Germany which has achieved its
ig ? reintegration possibly could pay tho
claims of the Allics against it, but a
1 Germany strong enough to do this in
tz I all human probability will he strong
] enough to resist the payment.
j Germany Is Mbrally
I And Econoniically Bankrupt
Always, thcreforo, in tho Allicd
mind, there is this dilemma: Shall tho
j Paris conference aid in tho restoration
of Germany and run the risk of a new
| Germa-n attack, or permit the economic
dissolution of Germany and the conse
i qucnt disappearance of tho Gcrman as
a nolitical and military menacc. for
; years to come .
At the outsct, one fact seems to be
established by al witnesses?namely,
that Germany is not only econoniically,
but also morally, bankrupt. The (Jnr
man dishoncsty, which showed itself in
lying and in steading on the grand
scalc during the war, is now becoming
chronic in the smallest circumstances
If you visit a public official in Ger?
many to-day he will not pcrmit you to
lcave your coat on his outside rack, be
causc it would be stolcn.
It is unsafe for you to put your
shocs outside your door for the portcr
to shine in the morning. They would
Americana in Bcrlin are advised to
show themselves only on the most
crowded streets to cscape the pcril of
violence, while not long ago American
offtcers attached to a mission in Bcrlin
found their quarters moved to an up
pcr floor of the Adlon as a mcasure of
Toward all the Allics there has been
a marked change in feeling in the last
two months. Soon after the armistiee
Americans walkcd freely in Bcrlin.
There was no sign of passion. But now
the old hatred, so strong during the
pcriod of the war, is making itself fclt
Bernstorff In Power
As Americans Lcarn
By coi'itrast, the Germans already
I have recalled Bernstorff to a positioi:
i of influence and purpose to send hyr
to Paris in the peace delegation, be
cause, so they frankly say, of his wel
known ability to manipulate Americar
More than one American mission tha
hns gone to Berlin in rccent days ha:
found itself pushed toward a meetini
with Bernstorff, which it has only es
caped by absolute refusal to see a mai
guilty of such crimes against thei
country. This Bernstorff detail is in
dicativc of how littlo change there i
in the German attitude or in the Gei
man conception of the kind of metho
ecessary to employ with other nations. |
This leads to another observation i
nadc by all visitors to Germany, I
lamely, that the old gang remains j
n charge, the leaders of the new'
\ational Assembly are the men who
tchoed and re-echoed the militaristic
deas during four years of war.
But bureaucracy is not changed. It
?ontinucs to function, its sympathies
ire all with the old order. Foreigners
:oming in contact with some high
>fncial of the old order are not infre
luently treatod to an exposition of the
iisgust and shame with which the men
trained in the old order work for the
revolution. But exactly as in the case
of the old Russian bureaucracy the
German civilian employes explain that
they have to save their salaries and
they hope by staying at their posts
to contribute to a restoration of the
Here one finds an omnious sugges
tion of parallelism with rccent Russian
Fair Chance to Hit
For a considerable period in the
Russian revolution the old bureau?
cracy continued to kee.p its place. It
stayed at its desk and in the same way
the Duma continued to function and
even increased its area of activity in
National Assembly at Weimar is doing.
But in Russia two years ago and in
Germany now the Soldicrs' and Work
men'a councils function alongsidc of
tho National Assembly. Onc hears
little of them outside Germany, but
they are. preservin'g their cxistencc
cxerting their influcnce, apparentlj
awaiting a favorable moment to as
sume completc control.
Another detail which suggestB Rus?
sia is the vcry great reluctance on the
part of the masses of the populatior
to go to work. There are 268,000 men
in Berlin alone drawing unemploymenl
rationa and the other <lay, after a
heavy snow storm, a call for voluntecrf
to go to work with shovels with s
promisc of payment of $2.60 a day
cnlistcd onyl thirty volunteers.
The same phenomenon is reportcd itt
Belgium where conditions are by nc
mcans as hopeful as might have bcer
expected. But in Germany this refusal
to work presents a very much morc
serious problcm. It is extending ant
spreading and_ therefore accumulatinj:
the material out of which Bolshevisn
may yet make a new conflagrat.ion.
Propose to Divide Ali
Profit by Bourgeotse
As to t'nc revolution itself, an Aracr
ican rccently returned from German}
gives me an admirable statement. I
is regarded by a majority of German
as having bcen nothing morc nor les:
than a fake.' There are two great re
forms which the German peoplc as i
mass mean to be demanding, first :
complete change in mcthods of taxa
tion which will place a portion of th<
burden of taxation upon the shoulder
of the wealthy, thus supplying an equi
table division of taxation between th
rich and poor, and second a complet
nationalizing or syndicatizing of th
great industries. Thcse two thing
wcre the main planks in the socialisti
Come to power, the Social Deim
crats have totally failed to do eitht
and the men who were leading the S(
cinl Democratic party in the new Ni
tional Assembly are moving awa
rather than toward such reforms. Tr
eloction at which the recent Nation:
Assembly was chosen was conductc
honestly, but with no clear apprecii
tion on the part of the voters as t
the meaning of the thing and the who
vote of the women was cast in a co
servative direction under the absolu
control of clerical influence and th
oddly enough was true both in tl
Continued on next page
POI.AND WATKR FOR HKAl.TH
On aoenunt of iix ptirlty h(?1 Ki<?at mcill
11 'i powar, tt \t> Saf" Hinl ulilimit an eq'
in hii cfcaaa of favar. S*nd for new ifli
I trated book ptvlna luilf century of htatt
Rivt endoraements. Voliinrt Sprlng Co., V.
Hroadwiiy, New .York.? 4<irC.
Switzerland Wants Pact
to Exclude Questions
of Sovereignty From
Council of Ten Gets
Report on Poland
Conference Again on the
Warpath Against the
Press, Says Newspaper
PARIS, March 22.?Amendmenta
safeguarding the Monroe Doctrine and
a Japanese amendment for just racial
treatment were among the large nnra
ber of proposals before the peaee con?
ference commission on a league of na?
tions, which met at American head
quarters at 3 o'clock this afternooa
under the chairmanship of Presiden?
These and other propositions up to
this time have been in a controversial
state and the commission met to-day
| to decide whether they will be incor
porated in the covenant. Numerically
: the neutrals have proposed the larg
j est number of amendments.
There are thirty amendments from
1 the neutrals, but they are largely for
j mal, except the Swiss amendment con
', cerning sovereignty.
The various plana proposed for safe?
guarding the Monroe Opctrine, how
; ever, are the chief eubjaets pf interest
, in American quarter*.
Text of Swiss Amendment
The text of the Swiss amendment
i was made public this morning. It
"This covenant shall not be intcr
preted as containing anything contrary
to the sovereignty of states, except
in so far as the state itself, by admcr
inig to the covenant, shall consent, and
the covenant itself shall not interfere
with the internal affairs of any of its
While the amendment does not men
tion the Monroe Doctrine, it is tacitly
understood to apply to it. Somc of tho
members of the American delegation
are inclined to accept an amendment, |
on such iines, fccling that it would
meet the demand of the United State?.
for some declaration in the ppirit of
the Monroe Doctrine.
Many Amendments Discossed
The official statement on to-day'a
meeting of the league of nations com?
"The commission on the league of
nations met this afternoon under the
chairmanship of President Wilson.
This was the first mccting of the
commission since the draft of tbe
covenant was prescntcd to the plcn
ary session of the conference t>n
"A discussion took placeona num?
ber of amendment; suggested by the
members of the commission, as a re
sult cither of the rcccnt exchange
of views with the representatives of
ncutral states or of the construetive
criticism to which the covenant has
been gencrally submitted.
"The commission will resume ita
cxamination of the covenant on Mon
day evening at 8:30 o'clock."
Polish Commission Rcporta
The Council of Ten, or Supreme
War Council, also met to-day, and rc
ceived a fresh report from the Com?
mission on Polish Affairs which waa
discussed and rcserved for final exami
nation later. This examination will
take place in connection with the sub
sequent fixing of boundary lines af
The next meeting of the council will
2 be held on Monday.
s At Monday's session the council will
go into the question of sending the
c I Polish troops in Francc under Gencral
e ! Haller to join the Polish army in
e j Poland. The council also will come to
3 > a decision as to what action shall be
c j taken regarding the interruption of
tho negotiations with the Gcrmans *t
>? Posen over the questions jointly af
sr fecting Germany and Poland.
}" On Warpath Against Prea*
Yesterday's meeting of the Supreme
iJ Council was taken up in large part
!'' with discussion of comnjent in the
ul t'rench newspapers, accorciisrn to the
.j i Paris press this morning. This is the
th>rd time that the conference has
a" ! started on the warpath against the
to j press, aaya M. Saint Bricc in "Le Jour
le nal," who adds that it has already been
n. remarked that these "fits of temper"
are never symptomatic of favotabie ar
18 The failure of the council to reaen
he a decision rogarding Poland and the
I sending of a commiasion to the Orient
I are the subject of trenchant criticisra
I in this morning's newspapers, togother
1 with what the Socialist "Humanita"
calls the conference's lack of metho4
and dnily growing confusion.
..i. The "Partlnajt nrticle in the "Echn
de Paris'' appeared with a large blacn
iso | space marring it* flow, while und?r th?
! heading of J'The Council of Ten" in
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