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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, March 23, 1919, Image 3

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paris Roused
Over Germany V
Greed in East
Council of Ten Disagrees
on I'lan *? Chcck Foc"s
Vpparcnt Dcsire to Re
coup Its Losses in Poland
Krench to Leacl Troops
Bounclary Lines Remaiii
UufixecT, but Soldiert*
Are To Be Sent Soon
New York '."'?'??oe
Special Cablc Serviee
PARIS, March 22.- The council of
ten fruitlessly discussed the Polish
question to-day, and it grows clearer
from the German attitude regarding
Poland, a? indicatcd by the breaking off
of the Poscn negotiations, that. the
Gormans believe that while they lost
?iic war on the Western front they have
gaincd in the East.
The military party obstinately clings
to this view, and there are many indi
cations that orders of the Weimar gov
rrnment will receive little obediencc.
The council to-day arrange for the dis
pstch of the iir-t contingent of Polish
troops, which tncludes an appreciable
:.umber of Frcnch officers, but this was
:hc cniy decision reached.
Tlie whole question of Polish boun
(Uries is stiil in abeyance, waiting for
the commission report, which has been
referred back again. the commission
having stated it was unabe to sce a
reason for a changc. The chief point
at issue is the- giivng of Danzig to Po?
land, which would bring within imme
iliatr. occupation the railway running
from Danzig into Poland.
There is a note of gloomy unbeiief
struck in an article signed by Charles
-ajrlio, which appears in "L'Oeuvre"
iuul is captioncd "To Remake the V.'orld
:n Fifteen Days."
LSaglio in a general review of the
work of the Council of Ten says the
iicads of the allied governments con
stitutcd theraselves directors of the
ncople of the world, thus undertaking
respon-ibilities the more heavy since
rhey were assumed without consulta
tions with nor mandates from the par
"Surprised in Xovember. 1918, by
victory which military authorities had
not anticipated before the spring oi
1919. the victorious nations had no gen?
eral plan when tirst gathered arounc
the grecn table at the Quai d'Orsay
and in the main each brought to the
conference his personal views and th?
especial interests of his nation.
"Russian afl'airs are more obscurc
and dangerous han ever. In Ukraiiu
the Allied delegation is unable even tc
make the Ukrainians listen and we dc
not even know whether we can sem
troops into Danzig. In Turkey nothing
has been decided regarding Syria. Ar
menia or the claims of the Greeks
while the fate of Constantinople is stil
a big interrogation point. The realn
of the Serbs. Croats and Slovenes have
not been ofrici^lly recognized, save by
the United States. and the conflict be
jfeen Ronie and Belgrade grows stead
ily worse."
Saglio declares that the public woulc
bo less concerned with the lack of suc
ccss in these matters if it could fee
that the conference had clear view;
and firm resolutions regarding th<
morc immediate war questions.
Yiciina Tells Karl to Go
COPENHAGEX, March 22.?Thi
Vienna government has once mor<
notitied cx-P^mporcr Charles that it i:
(lesirabic that he quit the country, bu
no presure has been brought to bea
To force him to leave, according t(
telegram:; received here from the Aus
trian capital. It is declared that thi
maintenance of a court at Eckartsau
which it has been said ex-Empore
Chp.rler, would hold. is contrary to th'
new constitution adopted by the N'a
tional Assembly.
Some commentators insist that th
former Emperor convert his renuncia
tion of the thronc last Xovember int<
jjn abdication for himself and th
house of Hapsburg.
Block of Nelson's Ship
Given to Admiral Sim
LOXDOX, March 22.? Admiral W. S
Sims was the guest of the Pilgrim;
Club at a dinner last night, and as
Wuvenir of the cccasion was presente
? larcc block of oak from Xelson'
nagship Victory, with an inscrintion o
a stlver nliUe.
Sir Harry Britain presided an
?M>eaker Lowther of the House of Com
mons proposed the health of the gues
of honor, this bcing aieconded by Ad
miral Sir Rosalyn Wemysa. Admirs
???, in a brief addrcss, snoke of th
closc cooperation which has obtaine
octwecn the two navies and remarkc
WOn the ?reat hospitality extende
Amcrican naval men by the Britis
Returncd Soldiers Say
Y. M. C A. Did Good Worl
LOUISVILLE, Ky.. March 13.?Ar
Wering criticiams of Y. M. C. A. wor
?*??eaa. Dr. E. Y. Mullins, president c
Wf Southern Baptiat Thcological Seir
n*ry, Louigville, presentcd at the ar
"ual^ banquot of the Kcntucky Stat
'? -'i. ('.. A. here a resume of 200 quef
-loiinaires from overseas soldiers d(
raobih/cd at Camp Zachary Taylo
J"? J'undrcd and eighty commende
aad twenty eritteiaed the work.
i he testimony came, Dr. Mullins sa'n
trVn , *cn*??l rtin of men, and nc
?rorn at-lected persons. All had sce
?uTn'T' /7vicf'- ?n<l ? goodly propoi
fr?L It ?,cen ,n n??Tly every sccrtc
,i,,t , JWflati coast around to Ve:
,)u" and the Argonnc.
French Gain in yuclling
Moroecan Revoliition !
Kaihvays and Roads Being
Built lp to Encircle the
Rehel Forces
PARIS, March 22.- Several months
ago a rebellion hroke out in the Ziz
and Taifalet regions of Southcrn Mo- '
rocco and a eonsiderablo military cf- I
fort has been under way by the French
to check it. Progress la bcing made
daily as clescribed by the correspond?
ent of '?Tho Temps ' at Rabat, on the
Moroecan coast. in a dispatch to this
newspaper embodying an interview
with General Lyautey, the French
commander in Morocco.
''The situation has improved," said
General Lyautey, ''but much remains
to be done by otir troops, among whom
I have just spent three Weeks. They
will devote themselves to it3 accom
plishment with all their might."
The general told of the hastening
of the work on railway construction
which was necessary to keep up com
munications, New automobile road- ,
ways have been built and the process
of encircling an important section of
the rebel forces has been carried well
toward completion.
-? .
British P u b 1 i c Asks
Steam Heat Replace
A r c h a i c Fireplaee
English System Declared Ad
mirable Inventioii From
Every Aspeet Except That
of Utility and Economy
LONDON, Fcb. 26 (Correspondence
of The Associated Press)f? The govern
ment plan to build 300,000 houses for
workmen within the ncxt few years ap
parently has aroused the British pub
lic to demand abolition of the archaic
English fircplace, and substitution of
the American steam heating system
for homes. The demand is voiced by
numerous contributors to the London
"If I had my way I would at oncc
send a commission of British archi
tects to America and Canada to learn
there the elements of the business of
building houses and equipping them,"
ueclares one writer.
"One fundamental defect runs
through practically all British houses
i of whatevcr grado," he continues.
' "They depend for their heating on
I fires. Xow the English fire is an ad
| mirable inveution from every aspeet
j except that of utility and cleanliness.
!t is cheerful, companionable, soporific,
sentimental?an altogethcr delightful
thing to have in a room. It has, how
evcr, two vital drawbacks, it does not
heat and it is abominably dirty.
"I mean that it does not heat prop
i erly. Its radius is so limited that qver
half an average English drawing room
; is not used in wintcr time. To move
tv.elve feet away from the fireplace is
to leave the Tropic of Capricorn and
1 cnter the Arctic Circle, while as for
sitting comforlably near the window,
: the thing is ihconceivable.
Does Work Poorly
"In the second place, even within its
meagre radius, a fire never does its
work thoroughly. It never warms you
1 all over. One side is grilled, the other
1 is underdono. Your face is aglow,
; your back a ripple of iciclos."
The writer called attention to the
acknowledged fact that in spite of the
labor of carrying coal for gratc fires
fully 80 per cent of the heat is wasted
going up the chimney.
"Could any thing be more barbarous.
, more expensive or more inefficient.'."
asks the writer. ">.'e shall never have
cither sanity or comfort in our homej
until we adopt the central heating sys?
tem (3team or hot air furnaces), spread
warmth throughout the house, not in
patches. and burn wood on the heartr
_ j to supply the element of cheerfulnes;
' ! with a minimum of trouble and dust.'
! j New Powerful Liquid Fuel
Developed for Airplanes
WASHINGTON, March 12?Develop
s ; ment too late for use in the war o:
l a motor fuel which adds ten miles ai
, I hour to the speed of airplanes and ha;
? ! possibilities for use in automobib
racing was announced to-day by the
? Bureau of Mines. The liquid, a c'ombi
" : nation of benzol and cyclohexane callec
J j hectar, costs about $1 a' gallon, se
'-> while of military value it is not re
garded as practical for commercia
, purposes at present.
Another combination of benzol ant
' gasolene has been found to be mon
'jpowerful than gasolene alone, and ii
. expected to prove of value in industry
j F6r Active Feet
; The comfort that comes of cor
t rcctly elesigned shoes cannot be
described?it must be fcll.
The most impressivc tributc to
Pediforme Shoes is expressed in
the high type of people who wear
' them year aftcr year?and will
have no other.
^ They have learned that the Pedi?
forme scientifk design commands
perfect comfort and foot hcalth
e with no sacrifice of style.
For men, wnmen and childreji at
the pricc of ordinary shoes.
* 36 Wcst Thirty-Sixth Street
Put Your Furs Away
In Cold Storage. Their safety will be guaranteed
agairnt damage by moth and fire and their appearance
greatiy improved. Competent lurriers In charge. Pe
J?airs madc on order. Telephone Murray llill 5 888 and
a wagon wiil call. _
Hou?ebold Furnitura packed and moved and stored :n
fireproof room*. Send for estimatc.
Lincoln Safc Deposit Co.
424 Strcet (Ea?l), Opp. Grand CentraJ Termtnal.
Americans Put
6Iron HeeF on
Defiant Foe
Bnrgomaster and President i
of Coblenz Latest To Be
Held for Court Martial
and Possible Execntion
Reds To Be Suppressed
Vigilance Over Spartacidea
Redoublcd and All Will
Be Rnthlessly Suppressed
By Wilbur Forrest
New York 'fribwne
Special Cablc Se.rvice
H'opjutiii!. 1919. N?tr Yoil; Trtbune Iiic.j
COBLEXZ, March 19. The Ameri
can military authoritics to-day arrest
cd Hcrr Jansen, burgoniaste'r of Cob
lcnz, and also Herr Jur<jensen, ncting
president. of Coblenz, "for neglect and
refusal to obey a requisition made by
the American authoritics." Both were
held. for trial before a military c'om
missicjn, which, under the law, is em
poweied to impose any pcnalty, includ
ing that of death.
The requisition in question was a
demand for 300 laborers for work on
roads ncar Bcnsdorf. The technieal
clefcnce made by the accuscd was that'
the reqursition was not made out in
proper form'and without respect to the
dignity of the German officials con
To-day's defiance o.' American mili?
tary law by leading officials was the
most flagrant of a series of misdemoan
o'rs. Thefts, violations of liqupr regu
lations and failure to observe' the mili?
tary law by German civilians gafierally
during the last three weeks are some
of the things charged against the Ger
mans by the American authorities.
Becoming Openly Defiant
Since the beginning oT March the
Germans seem to hav? discarded the
thin veneer of obedience and docilitv
so evident at the beginning of our oc
cupation and are now becoming more
and more openly defiant.
In the week onding March 1 there
were 179 provosi court trials to deal
with enemy offenders. In the week end
ing March'8 .there were rJOJ trials and
in the week ertdiriir March 15 the num?
ber rose to ;17?. showing, as The Trib?
une correspondent. pointed out a f'ort
night ago, that rhe Germans now are i
eognizant of the failure of their cam
paign of pretended love for the Ameri?
cans, dexignod to get lightcr peacu
terms and abundant food and even to
drive a wedse between ourselvcs and
our Allics, aud are beginning to allow
their real feelings to come to tne sur
fa.ee. This is equally nianifcsted by
the first encounter between American
soldiers and German civilians. which
occurrcd a few days ago.
In the tria! of Jansen and Jurgen
scn the military authorities will cite
interesting precedents, including the
shooting of French and Belgian ci?
vilians for the slightest infractions of
German military laws during the Ger?
man occupation of those territorics.
Likewise. these German dignkaries.
who violate-our laws so lightly, will
be forced to listen to an exact par
; allel of their case occurring in 1870,
: when the German army requisitioned
500 laborers^from the French city of
The Mayor of Xancy refused to dc
liycr the workmen. The. Germans
(^rupx/icd <and svp/iydaced)
Paquin, Lelong,Doeuillet
Orecoll , Agnes .Rolande
have roandcd oiit'
Inc xoucchon wiilx Mics
cpxatest \of tkei^AucccMed,
uiiid makinq tnid .^~*>
ft+Kc&cntatioi i 4u om
pr+odttctw'C, AofxnduKdaal
app^al'.tncux .a/uj ,em?/K'
xutthentic Anawwg. cj itt>
imnicdiately and brutally arrcsted
ten ' oi Nancy's leading citizens artd
placod them before a firiag squad
with.'-Uhe threat. to shoot them unless
the yporkmen were forthcpniing within
i v.Ovhours. The French Mayor, to save
his.xomnatriots. comnleted the reqiiisi
tion. . Though the American requisi
tid.fi demanded 300 workmen on Mon
day it is not yet complied with.
rh'e penalty to be imposed on these
"all^highest" violators of ';American j
military law will be intorestijjg in the
ext&sme. establishing, as we!!'. whether
the American military authorities will
contmuc their deeent and humanc pol?
icy. in the occupied area or' whether
the military "iron l.eel" must be put
"Iron Heel" Is Ukcl\
Grbowing indications poirft'to the ne
cessity of the latter, and while pos
?- ibly- the death penalty will. not oe im?
posed upon the heads of the Coblcnz
government starn punishment may be
"xpectod as an oxample for the more
humble violators.
Qy receipt of reports that a nul (n
wlfi$jGerman strike was bcing planned
foiiiflarch 28 the Ameridan authofities
iiavc redoubled their vigjlance over
Spartacidc agitators known to be hcad
cd in this direction.
In view of the growing deliancc
manifested in the last three weeks
every Spartocide suspect in the Rhine
land will be ruthlessly suppressed
wherever found and the enemy's priv
ileges. which have been many so far.
are likely to be curtailcd in a'/'grea<
dcgree in the immediate future.
The military authorities announced
to-day that a nortion o~" the 75,000
bottles of illh.it and smviggled cognac
recently seized in the American area
have been used in radiators of army
automobilcs to prevent freezjng.i The
disposition of the rest has not. yet
been rtetermined upon.
British Honor \ eterans
Tribule to "Conteniptibles" in
Firsl Triumphal March
l.OXDON. March 22. The first tri?
umphal march on a large j:cale of Brit?
ish troops who I'oujjht in France aiul
Bclgium occurred in I.ondon to-da\.
Fourtecn battalions of the Guards,
rcprescitatives of al! units of Great
Britsin's erack corns. arcompanied by
their bands. uroeecdcd from their bar
racks to Buckir.gham Palace, whc.rc
they were reviewod by King Georgo.
The line of march thencc.led through
the- main strects of the city. Many
of the troops bolonged- to the "Old
Contemptibles," and had Fought from
Augusl. 1914.
France Plans to Spenrl
Billion in Battle Area
Minister of Public Worke Out
lines Codt of Hepair*
PARIS. March '22. The,. < xpenditure
of more than francs
iSF200.000.000' in the reorganization
of communicatioh in Xortheasterr.
France is planned by Alberl Claveille.
Minister of Public Work.-. In a report
to P-csident Poincare the Ministcr saya
that more than 900,000,000 france should
be r.\?K,i>d?>?i or ^ne construction of
new nn:n railroad lincs, more than
KT,").iMi<i.'fMK) francs for the eonstruclion
of local. :ail. . ;? line . more ln:ui :??(.'.
0OQ,0QOaroncs for the rcconstractiofiof
watcrwavs. nv-re than 200.UOO.000 fr.r.ic
ior hn;ldin<: f.nd reb-iild: >r ''oapS
morc than" 600.000.000 for the i?*com
.'.luction ; nd improvemcr.t of ninriliui"
: ? m- fighting area of Nortlurn
T'rance grrru stretches of railway-Itnea
werr de3$royod and must be rctmiU. as
must riidW of the tunnela. All loca!
??!'..v lincs have been destroyjed. in
?he -'pgiom- of Rheims and Lr.otfi The
canal system in the battlc araa?ilso
.< a- iiama"ed eonsiderably. 450 bvidge
wtd 111 flpodgatec bcing dcatroyed.
The porti of Dunkirk. t alul
Bouiognc- vere damaged to the <
of 100,000.000 franc--. The lo.-w* In
mcchinovv in the ocewpied arca amount
ed to more than 160,000,000 francfc/
ReeonstrucQon and improvefnje ..?
are bciiv carried out in ?he dopari
raejiti of the Sbmme, Aisnc. larn> and
Meurth" and Mosclh. During th? war.
the Minhter aay?, the varioua armies
bnilt more than 1.100 miles of vatlway.
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