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Voi LXXVIII No. 26,426
First to Last?the Truth: News - Editorials - Advertisements
ICopjTlght, 1919,
New York Tribune Inc]
Fair, with modcrate teropcrattire to
day and to-morrow; strong north
winds, diminishing
Full Keport on Page 15
MONDAY, MARCH 24, 1919
Wr? rrw? S 1b Greater ?w Vork nml I THREE CKSTS
xtvo t,B?TB)withln e^muHug di,liui,., | i-.Im-w her*
Free O'Leary
On Charge of]
Jury Decides on Four
Counts After 54 Hours,
Deadlocked on Other
Had Stood 8 to 4
For His Acquittal
Stern h Released; Editor
Sent Back to Cell;
New Trial Uudecided
At 6 o'clock last night, after fifty
four hours of deliberation, the jury in
the case of Jeremiah A. O'Leary, the
Bull Publishing Company, the American
Truth Society and Adolph Stern, acquit
ted O'Leary and the two aocieties on
four of the five counts on which they
vrtre charged under the indictment,
and acquitted Stern on all counts.
The jury said they were unable to
agree on the remaining count,-which
has to do with sentiments expressed
in the October number of "Bull"' in
1917, and after assuring Judge Hand.
who has been sitting in the case for
eight weeks, that further deliberation
would not change their attitude, they
were dischargcd.
Although the verdict frees Stern
entirely, O'Leary and the two societies
can be retried. James W. Osborne, 2d,
who prosecuted thecase for the govern?
ment, deelined to say whether another
trial would bc ttarted. O'Leary, how?
ever. went back to the Tombs last
night, as he is still under a few sep?
arate indictments.
Throngs Await Dectsiop
Througbout the day Hundreds of
O'Leary"s intimate friends and a small
croup of hir; relatives v.aited patiently
for thr decisio-.i of the jury, which ar
rhred esrlv in the morning to renew
it* ds'iberations of the case.
\ time after they arrived the
ent a comunication to the judge
in which they asked further instruc
The grfups in the 'corridor?
mki up and rushed into the court
ro'j^ to zr'
B short wait until Mr. Os
bornr, the United State? Assistant At
torn?:,-, could be reached, and v/hen he
came ?' room, the jury was
tssi (ot They fii?d in slowly, some
their leats quickly and with
Wiysncy. (rtheta with ? weoty &<t,
iudu- ?- r< 'l iv>r room quiek
ly nnd bflgttri to resA frt-m the fiote
--I n*i<\, hlfli. "C*?n
? i ? ; ? i ;?*.?'?- r"<<-jved ?
. fr/jfn you *nU\nt( te ba
r#ing',r. to th? direct me?ifiifiK
? i ..i?st*??ti?) *v!>\*nc*>.'
J'i-if.! Kbiid v/ftfii o'/fr ili- uromtfi
?? M? ?rlglti?>l chftrgie
w iffeettng thf-te two (bpfeciliti points,
The (oreiuhn, Ernest R. Hutfter, thon
<-i rj h ?! th?t enf ?f the jury
Vjfhed to o*tSVt*\n "lo what **tent
trloory l.ad a right to ireti speech
*fter lur.f 15, 1017, a? he did before.
tbe e6pior.ai;e law was passed."
Itustructed on Law
Judge llaml answered briefly, tay
lBf that O'Leary had just as much
fight to freedom of epeech after the
l?w was passed ae he did prior to its
Irtasage, a,q long as his utterances had
8ot the effect of causing insurrection
? interfering with cnlistmenta. The
**"ry then retired.
O'Leary spent the afternoon proro
?nading about the corridors with a
leputy marshal, who had him in cus
tody, ar.d t-topped his walking every
ten or fifteen minutes to greet a friend
thei he saw or tell humorous storiea.
About 5 o'clock word waa circulated
*bat the jury had arrived at 30me de
eision. Judge Hand came in and took
"is chair.
''Gentlemen," he said, "I have re
terv'ed a communication, which seems
te navc been Kigned by all of you, in
which you say: 'The jury has agreed
"Pon a verdict as to one defendant, but
?'ter nfty-three hours of deliberation
'? unable to agree as to the others.
?h? ciifTerence of opinion has been thc
"?am* from the beginning and without
aeviition through thirty ballots, so we
?el it ia hopelcsa to reach a unani
Woos concluaion aa to this defendant.'
uthis your word?so say you all?"
Stern I'leased at Verdict
re was a general nodding of heads
? <n Judi,'* Hand cxpreesed pleas?
ure because of the carcful considera
wn ^iven thc case and dirccted a re?
turn of the verdict aa far ac reached.
We f:,..i the defcrdr.nt, Adolph
?''?*':" said thc foreman, "not guilty
eounte." He turned to the other
"Wora for confirmation of this ver-^
'?-?' d when they nodded tieir af
on Stern's face broke into a
ud happy smile.
' }udge wftH about to diKcharg". the
??ii Arthur O'Leary, a brother
defendant. aaked that the jur/
belicved it quite pos
*?We that there might bc a decision on
*?m* of the counts and a dioagrecment
,'* that the case Mr. Foreman?"
;M Judge Hand.
It sjs, your honor," a*?cnted the
r'?,?*m8"'' "Kftin turning to hia asso
???? for cor.firrnation, which they
s?v? vlgoroualy.
takfv1 ?''"**' cowntf have you agreed?"
.^ ?J,^Ke Hand.
t?? ' J"av" ??I'^'inaUd counts one and
u. ,.y'"Jr honor," ?n?w?red Mr, Hun
tv? ,? , c&nno^ W* ?n count* three,
"*** *n<4 atven,"
fre?d o? 1,'fMu.pira* y Ijour.ts
?sw '7r,J"'- Ot acquittal ou counUi
Kir>?zm ?" f>? ?" recorded when Mr.
e?o*7*Jl'rw'* ????". ?^r .. whUpered
iSnlllT %*'? '"'? ,,ft'1 v"lh l"* other
S*. i'd ??<'*?eed J?d?fe Hand.
-*JSii_^WoujHa three. five and
Continued on pogs $ev?n
A Plea for GoaVs Name
In the League of Nations
rPHE Bedford Presbyterian Church
-*? has asked for the recognition of
a Supreme Being by thc peace con?
ference. in a cablegram forwarded
to President Wilaon yesterday. This
message, which was proposed by the
pastor, the Rev. Dr. S. Edward Young.
and unanimously accepted by the
congregation', read:
"President Wilson, Peace Confer?
ence, Paris, France?Congregation
Bedford Presbyterian Church, Brook?
lyn, respectfully suggests you pro
pose, if your judgment approves, rec?
ognition Supreme Being in covenant,
league of nations.
Suff ragists Plan
Woman's Party
At Convention
New York Delegation Backs
Project at Meeting in St.
Louis; Amendment to
Constitution Chief Object
Special Correspondenee
ST. LOUIS, March 23.?Leaders of
the National American Woman's Suf?
frage Association, which will open its
jubilee convention here. to-morrow, be?
lieve that at this convention a sepa?
rate or third political body will be
formed by the voting women of suf?
frage states. The party will work in
the interest of a programme of legis
lation and at the same time will co
dperate with the non-voting women of
the states where the campaign for
thc ballot is still being carried on.
The intended name of the new or?
ganization. and its exact relation to
the present association, are still mat?
ters of discussion.
Regarding plans for forming the
new political organ'zation Dr. Anna
Howard Shaw said:
"The third party movement. has
reached a point where it demands the
attention of every thinking person,
as it ls no longer propaganda but a
factor in the natiori's pplitic3. The
third political party may play a great
pa*?Mi1 iht". l&?"tf Presidential campaign.
New York "Wttmen Baek Plarr"
"We intend to organize an upper
and a lowet house in our suffrage or?
ganization. Membership will be con
nrted to representatives from suffra-ge
states. We intend to wield great in?
fluence through political action taken
at this convcntion."
The New York delegation is backing
the third party plan. The Rtronges-t
oppositlon comes from the Middle and
Western states.
"lt will be a large political body to
stand for forward looking things," Mrs.
Carrie Chapman Cfttt, president of thr
ftBsox'ifltlott, said of the proposed unk>t>
of the voting and non-votmg women.
"To aufri up, worrtfcn \o*er* mhoutd
??intribuf.e more to their nati*r*r? and to
ihe v/orld than they wil) do wh<?n ???'
iftfc from a loealiised viewpolrtt and
this, \ beJ'eve, U the dettlny ol v/h?i
Continued on pape eeven
50,000 Cheer
Men Decorated
By Gen. CTRyan
25 New York Hcroes Re
ceive Badges of Honor
Beslowed by France and
U. S. in Central Park
Five Others iu Hospital
Brother of One Kilied in
Action Gets Decoration;
1.07th Is Honor Guard
Thirty-one of the little bronze and
silken emblems for which men gladly
lay down their lives were conferred
upon the bravest of New York's brave
yesterday afternoon.
Heroes of the 27th Division whose
deeds of daring and self-sacrifice stood
out in bold relief even among those of
comrades in a division made famous
for such acts were offered these cov
etcd rewards.
But the thin line of soldicrs drawn
up at attention on the Sheep Meadow,
Central Fark, did not number thirty
one men. One of their number had
made the supreme sacrifice in order
to win the Croix de Guerre conferred
upon him by the French government.
The body of Private Michael J. Bess
ner, 105th Field Artillery, still lies in
France, close to thc spot at, St. Mihiel
where he performed his lnct distin
guished service for his country.
28 Receive American Cross
Of tho remaining men named for
special honors five were unable to
respond to the chee.rs of their enthusi
astic relatives and friends. They occu?
pied cots in hospitals where they are
suffering from the injuries sustained
while winning the crosses that could
not be plnned upon their chests y?!3
Of the thirty-one super-heroes of
the division threo were named for thc
Croix de Guerre by tho French govern
jmeiit. The remaining twenty-eight
j were rewarded with the Distinguished
| Service Cro?s tjn order". nt General
j Pershing.
The broad cxpnnr.p of the Sheep
j Meadow presented n picture that
etirred the blood in the veine of the
- most biftSe* obrerver ns the irnpressive
I eefetiiony that nttended thih delivery of
j these deeorstfoflg was beguii prompily
i oi .'; o'eioVk
A gigetitic oval freme of bumsnity
Ctmtiiiufid on pfifl" fine
German Press Says
Sticktothe * 14 Points*
Ne.w York. Tribune
Spe.eial Cable. Servfoc
(Ccioyrlght, 1913, New Tork Trlbune Inr.)
13ERL1N, March 23.?The national
*-" ist press ia jubilant at the de
termir.ation of the government t.o
stick to President Wilson'ts prin
ciples and take the consequences.
The "Deutsche Allgemcine Zeitung"
"There is every reason to hope
that the firmness of the government
against the oxaggerated demanda will
lrad to success nnd will save Ger?
man lives> and property."
Rainbow Men
Sail April 12
From Rrest
Division Will Break Camp
in Germany April 2 and
Go Right to Port of Em
barkation Without Stop
Net? York Tribun.
Special Cable Serviea
(Copyrlght, 1319, New Tork Tribune Inr..)
COBLENZ, March 22.?With the de
parture. for home of the 42d nnd "2d
divisions, the. American bridgehead
j will be controlled by but two divisions
j ?the lst and 2d.
It was olficially announced to-day
[that the Rainbow Division?the <12d?
will sail from Brest on April 12, break
ing camp in Germany on April 2 and
passing directly to Brest without tem?
porary encampment in Ihe Le Mans
area, as other homeward-bound divi?
sions of the A. E. F. have done.
Whether Antwerp has been aban
doned as the homegoing port for Amer?
ican troops from Germ. - ?? har, not
been definitely decided, but it is cer?
tain that it will continue to be used ss
a port of debarkation' fbr supplies for
troops remaining in Germany.
The Rainbow Division, including the.
165th Regiment (New Yori-'s old 69th ?
was hurriedly preparing its troops to?
day for the sixty-hour journey toward
Brest. It is underrtood hore that. the
success of the Rainbo-.v trip will have a
great bearing on a simllar expedition
to be undcrtnken later by thr Michi
gan-Wisconsin troops of the 32d Dlvl
The congestion of lh** )? 'rerir.h rail?
ways is one of the mai;i reason- for
the current change Iti the troop i llief
ftry for Ihe us". of the new iohK '<?
the errtbarkntion port. The fftfil U>i\
n battalion of telegraph liriemeu will
leave herti withJti ? few days for tem
porary duty ft< Antwerp Indicates that
the port there has not been altogethei
abandoned a* ? poMlblHty by army
Americans Nip
Spartacide Plot
Against Coblenz
Leaders of "Reds" Planned
to Kill Seniries, Seize
City and Change Civil
Government on March 16
'Tip' Came From Woman
U. S. IMilitary Police Force
Confessions and Arresl
Heads of Conspiracy
By Wilbur Forrest
New York Tribuno
Special C'ai'rt Servtee
(Copyrlglit, 1913, New Tork Tribune Inc)
COBLENZ, March 23.?Through the
highly efficient work of the American
military police a Spartacide plot of
considerable proportions to kill the
American sentries throughout Coblenz,
seize the police station and occupy the
postoffice and banks on the night of
March 16 was completely and quietly
frustrated. The leaders of the plot are
in jail to-day.
Advance information of the contem
plated attack reached Lieutenant Colo?
nel J. L. Dodge, a provost marshal, and
Captain C. R. Cockreil, assistant pro?
vost marshal, in sufflcient time to t.racc
down the prime movers before they '
were able lo put their plans into oper- ;
I am able to-day, for the first time,
to give Ihe details simultaneously with
the news of the arrest of another im- :
portant Spartacide leader at the rail- I
way station as ha arrived here from :
Berlin. This leader's arrert make? the
number of such arrest.; since last Sun- .
day night nearly a .-corc.
Rcserves Kept Ready
I'jI! confes3ions now in the hands.of '
the authorities show that many Ameri- |
can lives have been saved and bloody
Street fighting ln Coblens avertodi
through inc vigitanco of the American
military police,
Pfepardd for the emergency, 500
military police, armed with light..
Browning nlacliine gun?, were hc1'] in
' ?"? by Captain Cockreil on the
night of the 10th, while the retnaindel'
of the force, assistcd by plainclothes
mrn, circulftied nniong thr Germans in
the cdfes and clsowhere.
Nevet sinee thr odeupatlon of I ,h
len?, have Ihe pdliee noticrd drunkm
iie-,". amone ihs male elvlJlafis so pre :i.
ient ot epeti hosMlity sa evident, ffcm
l ie ? hle ia l afe. am or the Jargegi ifi
(he cHy, and sUev/hsre, all repefti
"?'?'" et l'l/1-||.|IT|:l?l,r7 !'??< ,<?' ,' [0fi
ribetd sangg being inlergpefged often
with mnnr!',-- antugonislji te thi Atna*
leane Itwi evldenl thal im ree Ing
ation i.i-.u.i. iotm kind of
iionhi*., ;>v.-)iii arrsstg draw thvt M
cnJng eemment from the erewd,
Hurntd by Cernian Womait
M< nnv.hili--, through a German woir.
an, on American dBtective was warned
B-galnet a certain resident o? Coblenz,
who was Buepected of being a Sparta.
cide leader. Other Eource^ k>d to the
diucovery of other lcader.i in various
parta of the city, especially sprinklcd
among the German laboi-ers working
in the barracks being erected in the
Continued on page sic
Plot to Kill U. S. Food
Envoys Suspected
Lilhuauiau Guard al Hotel in
KcnTio Slain by Sovict
By Elias Tobenkin
New lork Tribuno
Upeetal CabU Sarvico I
(Comrrlght, 1919, Xew York Tribune Im i
KOVNO. March 19.?What may have I
been an attempt by supposedly German !
soldiers and Spartacides to assassi
natc the special commissioners fiom
the American relief administration '
sent to investigate the food situation
in Kovno and Litjiuania failed yester- !
day. All three members of the com- \
mission cscaped, but the Lithuanian !
soldier guarding the cntrance to thc!
commission^ hotel was shot dead, nc- !
cording to a statement made by the i
Lithuanian War Minister Merkis.
An automobile with two German
soldiers was driven up to the hotel ;
and one' of the soldiers attempted to
enter. Thc guard challengcd him and i
the soldier announccd he was a mem- ;
ber of the 3oldier's council and
wanted to see thc American commis
sioner. The guard still demanded a j
special pass. An nltercation arono nnd I
the German soldier shot the Lithuan?
ian, killing him instantly.
The American mnjor in charge of !
thc commisssion sent for the com
mander of the German general staff \
at Kovno. The commander'a adjutant
came and told the commission he de- '
plored the incident nnd would make a ?
??e.-iiching investigation. The head of I
the niLssion demanded protection, '
which, thr commander said, would be !
given to the fuliest extent.
LAND* pr, John li. rinirv. n.j" n?i!
<-toB? Comml*rfl?tir-r. Is tlii-mnuw ?nrt vrltm'
aln.ut li. in tbt April Scrlbncn 4ioauiJiit__
(?I yeui copy lo-Uay.?Ail\ t,
Hungarian ProletariaVs
Declaration of War
(By The Associated Press)
CiOPENHAGEN, March 23.?A dispatch received from
Budapest, dated Saturday, gives the proclamation of the
new Hungarian government, as follows:
"Tho proletariat of Hungary from to-day has taken all power
in ita own hands. By ihe decision of the Paris Conference to occupy
Hungary th.: provisioning of revolutionary Hungary becomes utterly
impossible. Under these circumstances the sole means open for the
Hungarian government is a dictatorship of the proletariat.
"Legislative, executive and judicial authority will be exerciscd
by a dictatorship of the Workers, Peasants and Soldiers' Councils.
The revolutionary government council will begin forthwith work for
the rcalization of communist socialism.
"The council decrees tlie socialization of large estates, mines,
big industries, banks and transport lines, declares complete solidarity
with the Russian Soviet-government and offers to contract an armed
alliance with the proletariat of Russia."
Socialists Here
Hall Red Russia
Workers of World Take
Courage in Radicals"
Victory Ovrr Capital,
Says New York Creeting
Congral.ulalions to the Bolsheviki on
the second anniversary of the down
fall of the Czar have been sent to
Russia by the New York branch of the
Socialist. party. Copies ot' thc greet
ing, printed by "The New York Call,"
were distributed yesterday. In it the
Socialists of America hail the spread
of Bolshevism, predicting that it will
shortly overrun Austria and Germany
and from there overwhelm the entire
The greeiing is printed under the
enption "Workers of All Countries
Unite! Hail Free Russia!" After re?
viewing the history of the Russian
re\o!ution, and a'serMng that it was
Bolshevik propaganda thnt brought
about tlie fall of Germany, the mes
y.ago continues:
"The. reactionary forces of the rest
of the world did not like to see a
working-class government in Russia.
They feared its influehde upon other
COUtitries. Ihe workers in other parts
ol' the world rnigril clioof-e to follow
tbe RtlSSiail example. Therefore lh?
yollng Russian republic nii?3t be
crushed. Armies must be sent there fco
help lh" feactionarlea. the czar of?
ficials and tbe capitallsts to win back
their lost prlvilege t.
Say TfMlh Ir. Hidden
' i he iniiii abeul <! ??? f/eri ot the
? i| . : ? falselieeds and
mist( pr?senta(.- muf i be epread
abeul 'ii- :? ?">'?' ieti i'"1 ll ? '?? ad ??
1 j.' nr,M,!. 0| ' ,? WOi :'l mUfit b? 8t?
?,.. .1. .i ' ? ?? ' freiti ?"<?> sbeiit
Rugflla that thi .?? should sbher" even
to think ot Russis
"And i, (? i-m,- i... KnglUhi ,fHpHII<-:-.?,
( , .' li.-iliHii Hnd AnK'i ?''mi iruops nre.
nghting m Russin ''i duv, ihoii(/h the
world ia eupposed to bo &f pesce.
"New Rutjsts, i.jolnw>d, defaini'd and
betrnyedi i iieverthelese getting ita
message across to thc oppressed of the
world. The truth will be out, and in
the renirnTeat cornei'3 of the world tbe
workers are learning about tlu* heroic
strugglea of their Russian brothers.
Workers Here Taking Heart
"In Austrulia and New Zealand. in
China and Japan, in Mexico and Cuba,
in Ituly and Spstin, in France and Eng?
land, in Norway and Sweden, in Bul
gtiria and Ruinauia, in Canada and
thc United .States, the workers are
taking heart in thc necouiplishments
of the Russian revolution, and are I
mobilizing their forces for a strugjrle i
with their own piutocraeies. Germany
and Austria have already succumbed,
nnd thc soul of the Russian revolution
is still marching on.
"Thc Socialists of America greet
Soviet Russia ou the second anniver?
sary of the great revolution, and wish
it further victories in behalf of the
workers of Russia and the rest of the
world. They pledge themselves to
work unceasingly for the recall of the
troops from Russia and the recogni?
tion of thc Soviet government by the
United States.
"Long live international socialism!
"Long live socialist Russia!
"Long live the Socialist party of
Wilson Distressed at
Sight of War-Tom Towns
Visits Ballerecl Batllefront and
Site of -'Big Bertha"
With Party
PARIS, March 23.?President Wilson,
accompanied by Mrs. Wilson, Miss Bcn
ham, Mrs. Wilson's ser.retary, and Rear
Admiral Grayson, spent the day visit
Soisaons, the Chemin des Damca,
Couey - le - Chateau, Chauny, Noyon,
Montdidier .ind the neighborinfr rcgions.
Thc President received a vivid impres?
sion of tho havoc wrought there. On
his return to Paris he said:
"The day has been very instructivo
to ni<*. It has been in many ways cx
cecdingly painful, because what I saw j
was deeply distressing. But it h.is m
abled me to have n fuller conception
than ever of tho extraordinary suffcr- '
ing and hardships of the people of
France in the baptism of cruel fire
through which thry have passed."
The party had lunch at. a half-re
paired inn at Soiisons, where a great
crowd of poilus gathered to meet the
President. The party nlso visited the
site of the "Big Bertha" which a year
ago todny ppencd fire on Pnris,
Wilson Sees
Russia by
Stef fens' Eyes i
W. C. Bullitt, Radical, and!
Socialist Editor Get First-!
Hand Views of Resultsl
From Bolshevik Reign!
New York Tribuno
Special Cable Scrvica
(Copyright, 1319, New York Tribune Inc)
PARIS, March 23.?William C. Bull?
itt, one time newspaper man and now
preacher of radicalism and a new so?
cial order, is returning to Paris after
several weeks on the trail of the Bol?
sheviki to tell President WilsOn ail
about Lenine and Trotzky and darkest
Russia. The trip, which was uoder
taken in secrecy fcy this State Depart?
ment official, has finaiiy been made the
subject of an explanation at the Hotel
Crillon as the result of adverae criti
cisrn regarding its nature. It was
pomted out that Mr. Gulljtt waa sent
to Russia on tha quiet, to $iek up
information on Russian conditions for
the American peace delegation, whose
members still profess ignorance on
the Russian situation.
Lincoln Steftens, who has been act
ing aa the eyes and ears for President
Wilson in Europe. accompanied Mr.
Bullitt to Russia. It is understood that
the other Allied powers have b^en
notified of Bullitt'* and Steffens's
Mr. Bullitt ii reported to have said
a few weeVs ago that & laafue of n?
'?'???- i? impassible withmtt a eeclal
r*voluUen m Ffanee, EnfUnd and
it?l .
QiwsU U?r*man ViUtrd, who haa
just returned frem ? trip Ut Ow
miiiiy and Auetrii, telle * diumal
si')ry about Ihe eltuation eaat of the
flhine. H?i was ..ioeet*d with fleere
tiijy I.ansing yesterday. The whole
situation between the Rhine and Si-j
bena is bad enough for deepes* con?
cern, but there is a question here
whether the trip of Mr. Wilaon's ao
cial reform intelligence personnel of
the type of Creel will be productive
of any good resuits.
The failure of the Prinkipo confer?
ence plan wa3 clear enough evidence
of the weakness of the conversational
method of dealing with the Bolshe?
viki. The recent note of the Council
of Ten to the Ukrainian and Polish
generals fighting in the Lemberg
region is another substitute for a defi
nite policy similar to the substitute in
the case of Russia and the Bullitt
Steffens expedition is being considered
in the same light.
Germans Drifting
Totcard Bolshevism,
Villard Reports
PARIS, March 23 (By The Associated
Press*).?Oswald Garrison Villard, of
New York, editor of "The Nation," has
just returned to Paris from a week's
observation of conditions in Germany,
and made a report to the American
peace commissioners and the British
Prime Minister, David Lloyd George,
by which they are said to have been
profoundly impressed.
"I have talked with several German
delegates to the peace conference,"
said Mr. Villard, "who say that any
German government signing a treaty
calling for heavy indemnities and the
annexation of territory other than Al
sacc-Lorraine by the Allies could not
,ive twenty-four hours.
Drift to Bolsheviam
"Thc drift toward Bolshevism is rapid
.n Germany and can be stayed only by
prompt food relief and the lifting of
the blockade so that trade may begin
again and the idle German factories
may receive raw materials as fast as
nrrangements can be made to pay for
Food alone, Mr. Villard declared.!
would not save the situation, though
many Germans thought so.
t ??-?-?
Cardinal Cassetta Ib Dcad
ROME, March 24.~Cardinal Casset?
ta, Bishop of Prascati and Librarian
of the Holy Ttofcan Chur?b, is dead.
Union WitK f
Soviet Rule
In Russia
Is Declared
Bohemia, Rumania, Ser?
bia and Croatia Urged
to Join New Crusade
Against Aristocrats
Karolvi Charges
Czech Land Grab
Martial Law Proclaimed
After Cabinet Smash;
Army of 70,000 Said
To Have Been Formed
LONDON, March 23 (By The As?
sociated Press).?The Budapest
government is reported to be signing
a proclamation acknowledging a
state of war between Hungary and
the Entente, Bays a dispatch to the
Exchange Telegraph Company from
The dispatch adds that the Czecho
Slovak government is preparing to
issue a mobilization order.
The new Hungarian government
has proclaimed an alliance with the
Russian Bolsheviki.
Martial Law Proclaimed
When the Hungarian Cabinet,
headed by Count Karolvi as Provi
sional President, resigned late in the
week, says an Amsterdam dispatch,
the goveming party. comprising So?
cialists and Communfsts, proclaimed
martial law throughout the country.
Under the title of "Hungarian So.
cialist party" the Socialists and
Communists have combined, find will
adrninister the country.
The Berlm "t,okal AnzeigerV
Budapest, cttrrospondtfit -<tiya an
army of 70,000 men hn*-. bson formed
feerretly, under th? aommand ot Ma
j&r O-wrgty, Th** corr?ipond?tt
add* that the non-goeialiBt* and th*
rural f*}pu\nUur\ti nre lupporting tht
new government,
Charge Agoin?t Allies
The proclamation of Count Ka?
rolvi announcing thc m jgriation of
the Hungarian Cabinet, after refer
ring to the decision of the peace con?
ference at Paris to occupy Hungari?
an territory, says, according to 3
dispatch from Vienna, via Copen
"The Entente mission declared
that it intends to regard the de
marcation line as the political
frontier. The aim of further oc
' cupation of the country is mani
festly to make Hungary the jump
ing-off ground and the region of
operations against the Russian
Soviet army which ic fighting on
our frontier. The land evacuated
by us, however, is to be the pay of
the Czech troops, by means of
whom the Russian Soviet army is
to be overcome.
"As Provisional President of the
Hungarian People's Republic I
turn as against the Paris peace
conference to the proletariat of
the world for justice and support."
Confirmed by Berlin
COPENHAGEN, March 23 (By
The Associated Press).?The new
Hungarian jfovernment has pro?
claimed its solidarity with the Rus?
sian Soviet government and an
armed alliance with the proletariat
cf Russia, according to a dispatch
from Budapest dated Saturday.
This report is confirmed in a tele
gram which the Berlin correspon?
dent of the Budapest "Pesti-Naplo'*
says he has received from that city.
According to this telegram, three
Russian envoys already in Budapest
declare a Russian Red army is now
on a line from Brody to Stanislau
and is advancing on Lemberg, ap.
proximately seventy-five miles dis
tant. This army, the telegram con?
tinues, 13 expected to arrive in
Budapest within a fortnight.
A dispatch from Budapest dated
Friday said at that time order was
being maintained by the troops and
the national guard. jThe revolu?
tionary government, it was stated,
had issued *->-foroh".bition against tht

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