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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, March 24, 1919, Image 10

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3Ket? ?0rH?ribtttte
Fim to Last?the fruth: News?Editorlals
Mamber of tho AudK liurrau of ClrculaUotu
MONDAY. MARCH 24, 1919
Ownad and publlahed dalljr by New Tork Tribun* Inc.
a Near Tork Corporation. (>; im Brld. Prealdent; O.
Vernor Bofer-i. V loe - President; IleVn Kogora Held. BetTe
(ary; F. A. Sufrr. rre*surer. Aiidmss. Tribune Bullrtlni.
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A Congress or a Reichstag?
Gouverneur Morris, the actual writer
of the Constitution, declined writing a
history of the instrument, saying it was
better to let the text speak for itself.
Then he added this reflection:
"But, after all, what does it signify
that men should have a written constitu?
tion, containing unequivocal provisions
and limitations? The legislative lion
will not be cntangled in thc meshes of a
Iogical net. The Legislature will always
niako the power it wishes to exercise."
Things have not turned out as Gou
vcrneur Morris expected. The legisla?
tive lion may not be enmeshed in a
Iogical net, for logic and the text of the
Constitution are with Congress, but it is
more and more entangled. 3ack of the
present debate looms a supreme internal
question?namely, whether our govern?
ment is to lose its old character of one
of separated powers and to become highly
contralizcd, with a President, in effect,
a dictator.
Washington and Adams scrupulously
ngarded the limits of the Constitution.
Wnshington nat with thc Senate when
foreign rclations were under considera?
tion, not only formully asking its con
sent but eonsulting it in a very real
Then, under the leadership of a strong
Judge, the juiliciul power began to rise.
Vftti??hall lucceufully aeierted thr- right
of the Supreme Court, to judge the v?.
lidity of every set of Congress. Then
the court began to Implnge <ni tho ex
ccutlve power. "Thloves of jurlsdlc
tlonl" ihoutod the elarmed Jefforson,
and Hct up the doctrine iimt each depart?
ment, without review, should judgo for
itself ita powers under the Constitution.
The court drew back and refrained from
auerting a power to review Executive
Next came Jackson. In tiie Clierokee
oaaeB thn court gave a decision ho did
not like and he grimly said: "They have
their decision; let them enforce it."
Tho mild and constitutional Lincoln,
although often accuscd of usurpation,
left the government, except for an en
iargement of the Prcsident's powers us
military commander in chief, practically
as he received it.
Under Cleveland and Roosevelt it bc
< amc the practice for a President to
have a legislative policy which bc sought
to jam through Congress, but there waa
no marked departure. If there was any
decided change it was in the recrudes
cence of the power of the judiciary.
The present President came to office
with matured ideas touching the preroga
tivea of thc Executive. He worked ac?
cording to a fixed plan in small mattcrs
as well as in big. Executive and legisla?
tive power should be, he held, in the
same hands to secure an efficient and
coordinated government. This integra
tion is attained in other countries by the
? abinet system. A committee of the
legislature, under the leadership of a
prime minister, makes the laws that it
enforces. President Wilson saw himself
as a prime minister, but without the
limits by which a prime minister is
bound?that is, without responsibility to
a Parliament. A President cannot be
voted out, yet the President assumed I
that the Executive should enjoy the
privileges, while he cscaped thc obliga- j
tions, of a prime minister.
Ihe purpose to rcduce Congress to
practical impotcncy is now concedcd.
The White House has sent bowstrings
o Congressmen who dared to be inde
bndent. One can hear in imagination
.tc words of Cromwell, "Sir Harry
-v'ane, Sir Harry Vanc, you will rue this
day!" Not only have particular districts
been told whom to clect, but the whole
country has been instructed to lintcn
and obey. Thc query has risen in thou
?anda of ininds: "Why Congress at ail,
with its great expense?"
Republics have gone down in two
ways the Athenian way of making life
intolerable to thc average man by uni
verM] disturbancc and general wrcck
ing, a method Russia is now apply
ing. The other way is Roman?the way
employed by Augustus when hc centrcd
all authority in an Impcrator. At Wash?
ington there is imitation of Augustus
rather than of the Athenian dema
gogu-s. Congrcsx is to continuc, but as
ft body of autornatons.
The undcrtaking rnoves rapidly. A
treaty which is not only to end a par?
ticular war but to bind the future with
respect to most vital political matters
M being denigncdly drawn to make ratl
tication by the Senate a mere form. The
President beernn to propose nothing ,
other than a seizure of the entire man
agement of foreign affairs.
The world recently resounded with
the demand for democratic control of
international affairs. Thc various peo?
ples, it was said, through free parlia
ments, must be masters in their own
households. If we remember aright, it
was declared no peace would be made
with Germany until her Parliament
had power. But alas, complete is the re
versal. Germany is to have a Parlia?
ment, while we, it would seem, are to
have only a Reiehstag.
"Just As Good"
The plan to abolish conscription in
Germany and to limit the future Teuton
army to 100,000 long-term volunteers
sounds plausible enough. The chief merit
of the scheme is that it should prevent
Germany from squeezing millions of her
young men through the military drilling
machine, and from thus accumulating
huge reserves of trained soldiers. With
thc end of conscription in Germany,
other nations would also be released from
its burdens.
Still, before we start out celebrating
the end of German militarism we may
do well to weigh what the Germans
have to say on the subject. Listen to the
military critic of the Vossische Zeitung:
"More than ever the foundation of our
future army must be our system of edu?
cation. . . , This education must be
rounded off by a term of national labor
service and military training, culminat
ing in a series of large military associa
tions." . . .
Nothing could be more simple. The
Allies won't allow Germany to maintain
so and so many infantry divisions, cav?
alry brigades, field batteries. Germany
should worry! She will have a nice round
number of rifle clubs, horsemen's associa
tions and gunnery circles. Fire depart
ments will, in off hours, engage in flam
menwerfer practice. Bail games will be
supervised by hand grenade experts.
Lest the Allies should grow apprehen
sive, the Germans may abolish the Mir
istry of War and put the whole system
under the Ministry of Education or a
newly formed Department of Public
Pastimes. The General Staff may be re
named Special Sunday School Commis?
sion or Amateur Chess Players' Soviet.
Herr Gothein, member of the National
Assembly, clothes the same idea into a
more subtle form, as subtlety goes in
Germany. Writing in the Bcrliner Tcuje
blatt, this gentlcman shuddors at the
possibility that the Allies nmy compol
Germany to abandon conscription. If
that happens. he writes, thc cnormous
educatlonal value inherent In conscrip*
tion will be lost to the nation. h, that
case ft will be Imperatlve to consider what
methods can be sub'stltuted, Thus, af?
ter food-substitute, wool substitute, con
iclencs-substitute Germany i hall havo an
army-substltute, Ersatz Armeo sound i
ovon better. Herr Gothein'i chlof i.
csrn embraosi tho good old Prusslnn
iplriti "We niu.it ciuui. meaiurcis to pre
?ervs and even heighton In the German
people the. sense of order and subordina
tion. Neither must physical training '
MnflVr in this respect a term of service '
and exercise will do a lot of good."
In other words, let's call tho drill
sergeant Ilcn* Professor and leave the
rest to him.
And when a military expert declares
in the Frankfurter Zoitung that the trou?
ble with the old system of universal mili?
tary service was that it was not univer?
sal enough our picture of prescnt-day
German anti-militarism becomes all but
complete. More than a hundred years
ago Scharnhorst applied short-term eon
scriptifm to circumvent the limits im
posed hy Napoleon on tho numbers of the
Prussian army. To-day, when the Allies
threaten to Bupprcss conscription, Ger?
man inventive gentus is laboring on a
new subterfuge. It's the old race be?
tween the policeman and the eriminal.
The Passing of the Classics
Has the war bcaten a tattoo over the
grave of the classics? Princeton has
abolished Greek as an cntrance require
ment and will hereafter insist on only
a single year of I.atin in the Bachelor
of Arts course. Yale has decided to
drop Latin even as an cntrance re
It may be charged that these de
partures are only symptoms of the vast
intellectual unrest and impulse to in
novation excited by the war. Maybe
they are, in part. Yet the classicist bat?
tle for Creek was lost many years ago.
Greek has remained in most college cur
ricula merely on tolerance. It was as
dead as Sanskrit, so far as its ancient
priority as the basis of a "liberal edu?
cation" was concerned.
Now Latin's status as such a base is
being rudcly challenged. Kor Latin it
can be said that it is the mother of the
languagcs of Western Europe?French,
Spanish, Italian nnd our own Norman
ized English. Its words live in modified
form in our daily speech. What gram
mar English retains it owes to Latin.
The latter was also for centurics the
backbonc of English cducation. Eng?
lish scboolboys wrote Latin verses and
English oratory was stuffed with Latin
What would the American college up
to 1870 have amounted to without its
Latin instruction? Yet in this country
?if not equally in England?Latin has
remained strangely alien and unassimila
ble. It was taught generally not as a
real languagc, but as a grammatical
mystery. It never got into tho brains
or hearts of the learners. Its literary
quality evaporated in tho hands of poda
gogues who were interested only in its
externalities. What American col.ege
student ever read Horacc in thc spirit
in which thc generation of Augustus
read him?
Latin was done to death here by pro
fessorial textualists and taskmasters.
They made it a desiccated knd barren
tongue. And what the modern student
longs for is not scholasticism, but a liv
ing contact with living ideas?the broad
ening inspiration which comes from the
mastery of an additional form of
speech and an understanding of other
methods of literary expression.
The utilitarian aspeet apart, the
American boy finds in a working ac
quaintancc with French or Spanish or
Italian something which he never found
in his unreal acquaintance with Latin.
He becomes the proprietor of a new
experience?a new vision.
Latin will have its mourners. But
they will be few. For the study of Latin j
in this country has been largely a con
ventional obeisance to tradition. It has
had no roots in conviction or emotion.
And any other roots are easily pulled up.
The British Policv
Some persons appear to be confuscd
over Great Britain's willingness to fol?
low President Wilson in his league of
tortuosities. Lloyd George early said a
league would be valueless if it did not
provide for a sanction, yet here he is for
a sanctionless one. Two weeks ago the
British delegates at Paris held that of
course it was practically impossible to
tie up the league and the peace, and that
obviously peace should be first attended
to. Now, on instruction, the delegation
is for the incongruous marriage.
This changeableness naturally has bred
suspicion. The covenant, as every one
knows, is chiefly of British origin; is
fruit of the labors of Jan Smuts and
Robert Cecil; so it is intimated that
Great Britain must have matters ar?
ranged to her satisfaction. There are
elements in this country who excitedly
call attention to the guarantee which we
are to give to Great Britain of the integ
rity of her dominions.
The more heated see the United
States being reduced to vassalage and
fear Brother Jonathan is to play the
role of John Bull's private policeman.
Are we to foreclose against India and
Ireland the hope of independence? Are
we to become underwriters of the existent
British Empire?
The British variability is explicable on
other grounds. Great Britain's chief in?
terest is in her sea power, which means
self-defence to her; is her Monroe Doc?
trine. Behind the gray flood she wishes
to have her homeland safe and her lines
of comniunication unbroken. This essen
tial she gained early in the negotiations.
President Wilson suddenly discovered
that the sea power item of the Fourteen
Articles represented a "joke" on him.
Having gained recognition of Britain's
sea power, British statesmen could well
bo complaisant and aecommodating in
other matters.
And British policy Is based on another
deep lylng feeling, For some years it has
beon ovldont Lhat Great Britain has been
sollcltous to ccmont the two parts of
the English speaking policeman, For
morly Brltons were derlslvo of America,
Suddenly British opinion seemed to
roalize It was backlng tho wrong horse
ln tho Went,, as Sallsbury said had been
dono ln tho Near East. British Btates
men think well of France, but they long
for a dual alliance with this country.
President Wilson came bearing before
him the fascos of the consul, nnd no
chancea of ofTending America through
a difference with him are taken.
So Great Britain plays Polonius to
President Wilson's Hamlct. When it is
said a cloud looks like a camel, she
agrecB, and then next moment agreea
it looks like a weaael. On thc other hand,
France is restive, not, because uninter
csted in permanent peace, but. because not
yet conccdcd that land protcction against
Germany which is the annlogue of Great
Britain's sca power. If thi:' is conceded
her it is quite possible France will no
longer insist on h league with teeth to it
?Will consent to go through thc mum
mery of adhesion to another Hague
futility and put in eloquent Frenoh a
nobly expressed set of resolutions cele
brating the advantages of peace.
Lo, the Poor Circus!
The war has hit no mortal harder
than that genius of the far-flung ad
jective, the circus poster man. Direct
descendant of Homer, this immortal
wielder of thc white-keyed typewriter
has been easily the best portrayer of
unportrayable things our modern society
has yielded. His phrases thrust forth
each spring like trumpet calls?as clcar
and blatant and vivid as crocuses.
This spring, alas! what has he to do?
Never before has his material been so
marvellous, his feat, in itself, apparently
so easy. Two Cireuscs rolled in one?
the bichotomous adjectives begin to
tinkle from his typewriter without a
pause. And yet! Who cares! "Colossal"
he naturally begins with. But what doe3
such a pctty, commonplace word mean in
a world still brcathlcss fron a world
war? Colossal, indeed! What are two
circuscs, what a dozen circuses, what
three rings, or a hundred rings, after
that one immortal ring about Cermany,
a ring of sixty million fighting men!
"A quarter of a million pounds of
pachyderms" will positively appear,
Well, that is better than nothing. But
can they appear flying over Uinna on the
top of the (iarden?and loop thc loop?
and do a trunk dive? There would bo
something worth while. Wo give to our
old nnd best love, thc circus, for what it
is worth. Surely if ever the circus to
day needs the spirit of Barnum at his
best. "The flying clephant!" Let the
typewriter tick, unreatrained. Nothing
would greatly amazo us in print. And
once we were in?the old charm would
come back, we would forget tho adjec?
tives and tho false blandishments and
settle back with a sigh to renew our
youth with flying Rosalie of the paper
hoop. We might even, for an hour, for?
get tho war.
The Conning Tower
A year ago yesterday the long range gnn
began to shoot at Paris, and our only com
fort was the cabled news from America
to the effect that many of the military
experts said it wasn't possible.
This column will have its usual Tues?
day parade to-morrow. Grand stand seats,
Hardly a man is now alive
Who won't drink beer at 2.75.
"Come On, Von Little Jo*:"
[From The London Globe]
A gambling scene of a ur.lo.ue character for
London was witnessed to-day by a "Globe" rep
It took place in an open space near the Eagle
Hut, and was witnessed by a large crowd.
Thi? players were Canadlan, New Zcaland,
Australian, and American soldiers and Ameri?
can sailors. All were excited, and the betting
on the game. played with a couple of dice, was
fast and furious.
The game, a "Globe" representative learned,
is called "scrap," and one "shoots the ecrap,"
or "shoots" the dice. A Canadian eoldier stand?
ing by described it as the best and swiftest
gambling game in the world.
"Scrap" is somewhat akin to banker, but the
main idea is to throw seven or eleven with the
dice the first time.
To-day every one "shot" with avidity, American
sailors knelt like backers at a eockght, and
money passed quickly with every throw.
Men were betting against one another, and
against third parties and eventualitics. One
gambler had fifteen or sixteen Treasury notes in
hia hand at one time.
"Any one want to join?" cried one successful
backer. At this point "The Globe" representa?
tive left.
The Globe representative should have ad
hercd cireumjaccnt, or, as those slangy
"Yankee" "scrap" "shooters" say, "stuck
Gotham Gleanings ^
-Geo. Wolfe Plank thc w. k. artist
is back from London on a brief
?F. X. O'Malley the w. U. parent
was busy getting items for his paper
one day last week.
?Ray Ives, Jack Erskine's bro. in
lavv, is still captaining in Paris,
keeping track of the finances of the
A. L. 1'.
Berl Callatin is no longer a Maj.
i" the annv, hc being hon. dis?
charged. Bert is just home from
Havana, ( n., looking finely.
- Miss Jobyna t-Iowland thc well
known bookworin rcad "Thc Home
Book of Vcrse" yesterday and is
reading thc \. Y. Tribunc today.
Eddie Rcynolda of Boston is
""t in Mcsa, AH/., rapidly getting
well. 'I hc rapidci the better Eddie
' ' thc conscn ir. of youi many
I M i! 111 I
'?li llnrriettc L'ndcrhill thc
pnml him critic says he docsn't
like the biiow and ascribca thc fall
"f thc far famed mantlc to our hav?
ing prcdicted same.
Philip Gibbs had a piece in Thc
'? ?mes thc other day about Cluick
,1.'?wnc tllc w. k. rough diamond.
We recognized him from Phil's de
scription right off.
Lt. Col. Hcrbert Parsons, this
dept s candidate for Pres. in 19?0
i ba. k in Gotham. Thc nomination
came as a surprise to him, bul he
did not say hc would nol acccpt it.
I ten Maulc of Garden < ify was
a pleasant callcr Thursday after?
noon, reporting thc book business as
good and asking us to make it bet?
ter, which wc would if wc could
thmk of a good title.
?-Hec Turnbull is back from
?rance. Hec was with thc 27th Div
Hec used to work in thc same noisy
room which this is being written in
and we'll bet he found it quieter on
thc front.
The prohibition thing hinges, it appears
on the Interpretation of "intoxicating"
The question "When Is a Man Drunk'"
was discussed. "a-many years ago, when
we were young and charming," by this
Spigot of Sapience and its contribs?ten
or eleven years ago; and if Old Jack An
derson wjll look it up for us, we shall
glndly rcprint. for the benefit of the
Rrcwers* Association and the Anti-Saioon
League, tho rcsults of that inquiry.
The soda water era never will advance
to the pinnacle of the Days of Real Sport,
when it was adventurous to order Don't
Care flavor. Where, we ask with the
mongers of ballados, are tho flavors of
Made in Nippon
Sir: Home kind of trouble with thr Jup.new
at Tientain or aomewhere olse had lo eomc I
wonder only that It didn't come sooncr.
Thr extraordlnary thlnV la that the real rruaa
? erma to have eacped notice. I refer. of couraa,
to th. doubl, and olherwlae partlcularl, qu.ll
flad M.d. ,n Nippon" branda of Japan...
An ivmi, record ln llghlln* . P,P(, wlth
th... I. four fecblo ta.U wlthoul result, on.
broken. three h^d* olT. one .cratchlng .urfut
worn out. at.r which when th. bo* J pul ,"
tha poalMt II come. apart and .piu. R? (n?
rernalnln* mnlrhe...
IIII had to ut. nothing ?|.? but !bei? ?.
doubtleaa our Marinaa did, I ?hoi.M ,,?t
. ?.l~ _# i u. anoijiii not conslder
unltraUr'^'^ """"' * '*? "?*'"?
vm a.
To diapel whatever doubt may exiat( it
hereby 1. announeed that tha writer of
tho best Tower contribution during 1!U0
will receive a watch. aa u?ual. And if
the wlnner of the 1917 watch, Mr. Lloyd
McClure Thomas, will send his address,
he will receive hia helated gucrdon.
The Rong of tho Average Citizen: "Any
little League that's a good littl? League is
the right little League for me."
Any bid. for the indelible pencil the
I?resMent wlll.algn the treaty with?
It still hai 14 points. v o *
Peace?and Then
Time to Think
Dcnunciation of the Plan to Force the League Down'America's Throat
By Archibald B. Roosevelt
ANY of us who were in France or
re lying wounded in the hospi
tals in the United States are now
wearing civilian clothcs and have the right
of free speech. We have returned to a life
that tseems new and strange, and we are
mystificd by the events following in the
wake of the war. We find a President de
manding and receiving the absoiute obedi
ence required in time of war only in the
front line; but, unlike the officers in the
front line, he will listen to no sugges
tions from the rank and file. We are
amazed at his going over to Europe to tell
our friends and foc3 that a large majority
of the American people are united bchind
him and his plan for his league of nations.
The majority of the American people are
not behind him. Most of us--and I be?
lieve I am a fair sample of the average
American -have no idea what the language
of Mr. Wilson's covenant means.
We want time to talk the matter over
and to see what we can do for other na?
tions without ruining our own nation. It
will do little good if by helping the Czecho
Slovaks or the Armenians to keep their
freedom we subject our countrv and the
Western Hemisphere to the mandates of
alien powers.
Yet, while we want to talk over the
league, to clarify our ideas and to have
time to choose and select what we want
to do in regard to our future international
relations, at the same time we want an
immediate peace which will restore the
world to normal conditions and render tho
hlustering, bullying, cringing German en?
tirely impotent.
The solution seems so self-cvident that I
hesitato to mention it. Let us make peace
imniediately, and after having made our
peace let us convene a council of repre?
sentative men of the Allied nations for the
purpose of creating a league of nations
which will strive to limit wa rs in the
llefore we sign or agree to any league of
Handing Over Our Gun
The L. of <V. McavH Surrcndering
Our Meana of Self-Defence
To the Editor of Thd Tribunc,
SIK: Al. presflMt wo nre uttder the iiiipiT-.-i
iiion tliiit tho A11 if? k, wltll our tardy aid,
I havo conquored Gormany. But ih> ono
knowa who Inn won the war until he I no va
wliiil is to bo tln* iin:il dlsposltloti of Uuh
rin. Mini ho ii (lull of vlalon who doea nol
I noo that thero ls evory roimon to bellevo
tliii! I'ushIh whnl there ln lofl of hor will
liniiily n11v herinlf with Clormnny. 8ho had
. already undorgono poucoful ponolrntion by
Gormany boforc tho war, nnd now that tho
j ItiiHMiim bourgoolalo hm boon declmntcd by
: Dolnhovlst horrora tho poi Roealon by Gor
i miui'i of ItiiHslan buHlnoan, bnnklng, manu*
facturlng, will bo moro complpto than ovor.
| Already German in tho language of Uussla
whonovor RusBian in not spokon, What can
. bloeding Russia do, when Lonine and
, Trotzky have met with their deatructlon,
j but throw heraelf into the arma of her near
, ncighbor7 No wonder Germany feela that
i sho has not boon beaten yet!
But whatovcr may bo tho final outcomo
j in Europe, thero ia no question that thia
country, aooking self detormlnatlon for
Bmall natlona, haa thrown up her own right
to self-detcrmination if tho prosont league
of nations is accoptod. What doea it moan
whon .'i country, in matters of tho most
vital conccrn to her, haa n voice of one in
nine, or, in cases of ultimate referenco, of
one in twenty? It ia possible, of course,
thnt tho world will go on honceforth in a
pcrt'eetly amooth nnd Bmillng course; that
no ground for bitter disagreement among
the parties to tho league will ever again
arise; but we can hardly feel certain that
this will be thc case. We havo wilfully
shut our eyes to the fact that wc shall
have given up at once our long cherished
Monroe Doctrine; it is not usually con?
sidered to be the same thing to guard your
posses?ions yourself and to intrust their
guarding to the very individuals who alone
can by any possibility bo the attacking
party. But suppose that matters of dis"
ngreement of a fur more critical nature
arise?far more critical, even, than thc
question of Japanese immigration it is a
aimple matter of fact that. action will be
decided upon by a council having eight
European atn] Asiatic votes to our one.
Matters of great moment will be refcrred
by the council to the body of delegates, and
the elever lawyers have made out for us (I
could never have made it out for myself)
that on the present plan this body will con
sist of twenty members, among whom tho
representative of this big United States will
be exactly one. A polite arrangement this
can hardly be called, but, waiving that point
ls it for ua a safo one? No doubt n kind
Providence will keep us out of all quarrela
herrafter, but is if, not tho rule of prudenco
to make preparntion in tlmo of peaceful
fceiings for the eonduct natural to human
beings under strain?
New York, March 17. 1919,
When Debate Was Proper
Tn the Editor of Tho Tribune.
Sir: "When wo shall have cxamined all
ta parts without sentiment and gaugod all
its functiona by the standards of practical
common hpi.so, wn Bhall hayo oatab,iahod
anew our right. to the claim rf political
sagaclty; and it. will remaln only to act
Intelligontly upon what our opened eyes
have secn in order to prove again the jus?
tice of our claim to political genlus." -
Woodrow Wilson's "Congressional Govern?
ment," paRe 833. Tho author uses this lan
Kuage of tho United States Constitution.
Why should not tho same test bo applied
to thn league of nations?
N'cw York, March 13, 1910.
"One Body in Christ"
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir:- "For twenty centurics tho theolo
glans have had Christ on the dissccting
nations we must solemnly yow to ourselves
to live up to the letter and the spirit of any
international agreement we make. We
must be very careful to make no agreement
which we cannot live up to. We must never
share with Germany the point of view that
international ajrreements aro scraps of
Let thc Senate take heed, for the Repub?
lic is in danger. Let the people of the
United States show the internationalist poli
ticians of the New World and the statesmen
of the Old (who are patriotically looking
after the interests of their own people) *.hat
the people of thc United States are truly "in
the saddle" and will allow no one without
courage to represent them. We, the people,
must demand the Senate to use the powers
given it by thc Constitution. Xo conglom
eration of foreign statesmen or of a few
self-appomtcd American delegates should
be able to wrest from the hands of the peo?
ple their power. Ours has always been a
representative government- representative
of the will 0f the people. It must always
rcmain representative.
Stand on your fect, Senators! Refuse to
be tricked into approving any league of na?
tions at thc present time merely to hasten
peace. If peace treaty and league are in
two parts approve only tho treaty. Refuse
any peace treaty interwoven with thc league
of nations. We need peace, but we need
honesty and common sense more than peace.
All of us believe in and will support any
proposition likely to limit wars in the fut?
ure. But wc must have time to talk things
over before we decide on any new policy so
vitally affecting our whole national and in?
ternational life. We want to discuss the
proposition after we have made peace.
There are many of us who feel that those
at the peace conference are not truly rep?
resentative of public opinion. Perhaps the
Sixty-sixth Congress will be more so. The
Sixty-sixth Congress needs both courage
nnd conviction to oppose the bullying of Mr.
Wilson. If this Congress fails we must
find, in lOL'n, men who are fit to lead us.
table, and all forgettlng the one and only
thing He would have us do love one an
o( her."
No. the writer of (he foregoing is not
(in agnostic, nor a bumptioua scoffer, nor
an irredeemablc Binnor. He is a holy man,
. living the holiesl of lives, a monk or prior
i of nn Angllcan Catholic monastery in the
Wost> conducted after the old Benedlctlne
j cusloms. i know thia godly man. l am
rnmlllor with his good works l have never
known a more roltglotis man, nor one who
; expressed his roilgion more emphatlcally ln
>'" life, l havo twice visited hia moi
and am a communlcanl ln hl i church,
'"'" fiuototlon from 11, retnarkable
,"'r|"""i '"? waa t'ontalned ln n Ini,.,- ,?..
1 "owledglng a ellpping from Tha l ribuna
".? !lf" Plum of -, group of \morlcan
l'"',"Mi,M clmrchmen to wall uj. tho
*'' "" '" l;"m" ln the hopo of achlovlng
something ripproachlng church unlty, tha
'"'?, f'loa of th, kintl lo be mado to Lho
Pope since tho timo of Henry VIII of
i England, VIAAX ORMAN.
New "i ork, March !'..', 1010.
For a Rose Sidgwick
l" tho Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: To make closer Lho bonda of friend
hip and understanding between England
nd America and to commomoruto tho ior
vlccs of one uim gave up her life in this
cau80 It ia proposed to cstabli ih in tho
United States a fellowship ln memory of
R?so Sidgwick, of tho British Educational
Mission to America, who died in New York
City on December 28, 1918.
During the tour of American collcgos and
univen itica which she had just concluded
Miss Sidgwick had everywhere left a deep
impression of her lovablc personality, her
high ideals and her admirable expression
of the finest type of English scholarship.
Her American friends desire to found a
Iasting memorial to her character and
services, and in so doing to carry on the
work m which she died.
At a meeting held at the Women's Uni?
versity Club in New York City on Febru?
ary 15, 1919, a committee was organized to
secure tho necessary money and cstablish
this fellowship. The committee consists of
represcntatives of several collcges, univer
sities nnd organizations, with a number of
individuals especially interested. Dean
Gildersleeve of Barnard College is chair?
man. Mrs. Rcbecca Hooper Eastman secre?
tary and Miss Mnbel Choate treasurer. Not
less than $25,000 will be required to carry
out the plan. Il is expected that the fund
will bc intrusted to the care of n pcrmanont
institute for international educational rc
lations shortly to be opened in New York
City. The fellowship will be awarded an
nually to an English woman, for a year of
graduate study in an American college or '
ln a letter from the British Embassy in
Washington, dated January 17, 1919 sir
Henry Babington Smith. British High Com
mlBBioner, cxprcsBcs hcarty approval of this
Plan. Ho states that nothing could be more
m accord with tho aims which Mi8a Sidg
wc had ,? viow than the ostablishment
of such a fcllowship, and that Buch cx
eh.ngo.ol studenta a8 thia would .saist ln
promoing would be one of tho most of"
fectual alda in developing elosor relation.,
between the two enuntries
Th, committee is now'beginning to ln
vlteu-ubacrlptions to tho fund. Checks
^lo.ld be mad0 payab,e to
wiek Momori.l Fund" .nd sent to the twlt
urer Miss Mabel Choato, H E.8t s,^?
oirect, New York. .
v ,? , ("hairmnn.
New \ork, March 20, 1919.
Cause for Envy
vJtLHomx rka ""-'"?? atob.)
With bone dry prohibition laws in of.
feet, Rye, N. Y., nnd Chnmpaign, III., will
envy Cloarwster, Minn., and Watertown.
Mass., because of the moro .pproprl.te
names the latter will poisevi.
Back to Belleau Wood
By Chester M. Wright
P*.RIS, March 6 (By matI)^-Goln|
toward Belleau Wood is like going t<
the scene of something that happenet
I long ago. Terhap3 it is a little like going
to -N'ottingham to revive the memories oi
Kobin Hood. It seems all so unreal and ol
thc past. When the first barbed wire en
tanglement is passed it still seems like a
i thing of some other time, or as if it were
| placed there for the uses of some play plot
| Tho wire is rusty and tangled across the
face of nature, and it doesn't belong there;
And It still seems so when you pass trenches
; that have begun to sag in and the tops ol
! which have begun to flattcn down. Chll
! dren might havo been playing there ln
I some great game.
But there tho unreallty ends, for just a
. bit beyond a cemetery comes Into view
along the roadside. Over each poor grave
; there is a diak upon which are thc Stars
\ and Stripes of thc United States: liere
are our dead?and the lump that comes intd
your throat tclls j-ou that this thing is real
and rccent, a part of the lives we are livlng.
You remember that back ln the Paris yoii
have just left men are deliberatlng on what
shall be the punishment for the crime that
filled these grares and how to prevent an?
other such horror:
There are many such little graveyards
around Belleau Wood and Chatean Thlcrry:
In each plot are from cighty to a hundred'
grares: Reverently you go among ths
graves, reading the nanies of the fallen:
Perchance there may be tho name ef eome
on? you have known?eome friend who
laughed as he salled away en the other side
of the ocean. Somehow you soon cease tbls
aearchlng, for the feeling comes that these
were all friends. More than that, they
were all brothers of the truest kind. They
were all ef the blood ef the American fam?
ily, They are the dead that belong to all
ef us, and there is none to be alngied out,
Here on the barren hlllsldes around Belleau
Wood they are buried where they fell in
defence of our common herltage and our
common hopes,
In eome of the little plots there ftr*
stacked rlfles, *fch their accompanlment of
helmelsand pieces of shell, By these things
they died,
And then you go on up the bill dowrt
which thoy came. You go up with dJfflen.tr,
it is so steep. You enter n rulned bunting
lodge at the edge of the wood, BelleaW
Weed once was n prent game preserve and
there was grent merrlment in this lodge in
years gone by, K Is ft poor wreek tioW, bui
the fireplace still stands, and In that grate
y?.u may bulld a ronrlng fire, Tbe Scarred
walls of the lodge nre eovered with the
naines of soldiers and vlsltors, A score of
Massachusetts boys have left their name*
on those walls, There ur* not so many
from any other State, Here you umy reail
where with a brand from ?)?, flreplaee that
'ill bui, burned his fiuwr* Samuel Oompeti
wrete among these bo/lsh writlngg, "V<,<
Ihe Glory ot Ihe World/' Because, as b*
said, "here Ihe greateat military machine
the world has known wa? forced to step and
turn bacli by tha fre.- men ?t America "
I'-m.iii l-*TI-i I.,,!,.,. ,,?? vU,nyr mt,, )!,,- wood.
" IM ",|1"1 there now dreadfully qulci, Hut
wliai an Inferno It must have boenl Hsms
?",:" I seytha has mowit the treoa down, Ind
thoii* tangled branehee make It dlffieult i?
?I oven | l.iwly, It would bfl Impossl
l?i" i" go through much of tha wood without
tho nld of an axa, Nothing except tmna
dooa and war enn ereata such ruination,
A llfrht, anow on the ground oovera much
ln l in,w. But, even so, here and there are
signs ef what happened during those t?rri~
ble days iaai summer. Unexploded shells,
hand grenades, bandoliers, the HothoB ef
dead men scattered here and there, And
graves, even In the wood. But tho graves
ln the wood are German grnvc-s. These me
ln little plots thal would be unnotloed but
for implanted pieces of wood bearlng such
legeiida nn "Two Unknowfl Germans/' ''81*
Unknown Gcrmansi" And there *i? many
Idontllled aa well.
iii the tery heart of the wood it thi
wrech of a Germart ammunition w?ron
liended toward Germany; The Germami
were trylng to get lt away, but the fire /rom
! behlnd Waa too much for them.
Uovt anything lived in that weod ia a
mysteryi There doean't seem to be a spot
, as big as a human form that has not been
I torn nnd Bhredded by bullets or shells, An4
then, too, it wns drenehed with gas after
I the Americans came in, But the faet that
back in Paris men nre writing "the pcaee"
j means that men did go through alive? ln
i and out on the side from whence the Ger?
mans had fled, and then on and on down
Into the broad valley and up over the bills
on the other side
Vou lenve Beileau Wood. Yeu feel mere
deeply than ever that the world must here*
agaltt let such treaehery and beastliness
arise, Men who wln through such fire must
be remembered by keeping to the road on
which they felh Vou come eut through the
ruins of Veaujt, where houses have heen
pounded into powderj you go through
('liiltenil Thlerry and yoU see the brldgc
heada where American machine guns helped
write the epitaph ot a craey kaiser.
General Wood'a Servtcea
To the Kdltor of The Trlbune.
Klrl Now ftnd then we stumble acroas s
word or two of gemilne and epontaneous
enthusinsni coupled with regret at lack ?f
offlolal recognition of General Iseenard
Wood. Well do T recall when even "Tho
New York Time*" considered the conduc*
of (ho Administration as iiti.)ue-.lionab'y
wrong In Judgment ln oenslderfng anything
short of the post of Secretary ?>f War, everi
though the present Incumbent then kraced
II, ns in.dequ.te compensation for his y?
rloua qualldoatlons, The beat of exclte
ment over the Injuatlce done n truly great
man lasted for n column or so edltori.lly
and then Iflpsed.
The great splritual and moral force thal
r.uaed Mr. Wilson to reversa himself on
the question of the war, that planted tt.
"there" with both feet ln spite of irrag**^
larlties everywhere, nnd turned tlie Hun.
back at thp Marne, ln *p|t? 0f hiofflelenoy,
will effect all th* recognition n*oesa-,ry <o
?atabllah Gen.r.l Wood wher* h? property
Th.edor. Roosevelt Is our hero. evan
though all human effort to place distinction
olsewhen, was resorted to, and his passing
ha. made tho field dear for this groafc
leader. who Instinctlvely know. th? right at
.11 times. tak?B oveu Unmerlted rebuk*)
without flluchlng a?d ia, ?bov. all, one that
Qur b.lovtd leader would npprov* of.
x! v , . HARA TAUBKR,
Now 1k ork, M.rch 14, lOlp,

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