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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, May 17, 1919, Image 6

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China to Sign
Treaty to Get
Allied Loan
Paris Delegates Expected
to Disregard Instructions
From Peking to Assure
i Nation Financial Help
Wilson Changes Stand
President Puts U. S. Part of
Consortium in Hands of
Men He Opposed in 1913
By Frederick Moore
Netv York Tribune
Special Cablo Service
'Coryrigh;. 1919, New York Tribune. Inc.)
PARIS, May 16.? A conspicuous
change of front has taken place among
the Chinese delegates to the peace
conference similar to President Wil?
son's change regarding the American
group of bankers participating in the
international consortium which plans
to finance China. Chinese leaders
here now regard the consortium, in
which America will play the leading
fiflgncial role, as perhaps tho only hope
left for saving China from disintegra
?ion and further foreign *ncroach
This extraordinary statement was
made by one of the leading South
China delegates, who praised the aa
tion of President Wilson in 1913, when
he and Secretary Bryan denounced a
consortium as an unfair infringement
on Chinese sovereignty.
There is evidence that President
Wilson, too, regards the reorganiza
.ioa of the consortium as vital, after
his acceptance of the Japanese de
nands regarding Shantung.
The Chinese delegates realize first
that without international control money
ioaned to China would go to one faction
or another, according to the political
nterests and ccrnmercial designs of the
nation lending the money. Secondly,
rhat in the present state of world
::nanees money will be Ioaned to China
only by interested nations with political
ilesigns of aggression, on the one hand,
<>t of defence against aggression, on
;he other.
Funds Not for Armies
The Chinese foresee that, following
rhe original consortium's policy, the new
consortium will refuse to finance the
military end of the dictators in the
Peking government for the maintenance
of their large armies, which are de?
signed only to keep down domestic re
bellion and to maintain those leaders
in power. They fear that without a
consortium of America, Great Britain,
France and Japan, the military dicta?
tors will obtain money from Japan and
become mere tools of Japan's aggrea
sive party.
Because of the hope that a con?
sortium offers and the promise that
it wi!l come under control of the
league of nations, the Chinese dele?
gates now contemplate signing the
peace treaty with reservations, despite
instructions cablod them from Peking
?iot to sign and of numerous cabled
protests from Chinese in various parts
of the world, including the United
While constructing the treaty which
rippled Germany's commercial growth,
rhe Anglo-American peacemakers have
ieveloped an alliance for the develop
nent of the world's markets. This
.Uipendous undertaking will have
lamifications into all parts of the
world. Foremost in the rnovement will
he American business men.
Chinese in Tokio Plan
Riot as Treaty Protest
Police Take Steps to Prevent
Disorder: Students Send
Message to Conference
?AN FRANCISCO, May 17..-The
Chinese students studying at Tokio
ar? excited over the action of the
peace conference on the Shantung
question, according to a cable message
:rom Tokio to a Japanese paper here.
All indicauons are that thev are mak?
ing great preparations for a riotous
demonstration as a protest against
t.he action of the conference. They
naye been making incendiary speeches
at a number of places in Tokio. Their
gatherings have been marked by dis
orderly conduct.
Chinese Plan Appeal
To American Senate
S'rw York Tribune j
Special Cable Service
(CopyrUht. 1319. New York Tribune Inc.)
PARIS, May 16.?Several attaches of \
China's peace delegation intend to pro- l
ceed to the United States in an at- I
18119 20i2t
l{Jlu?lT 0' 13 D*V Pl?__ ?HOWE_) FO . iK.1i.
tompt to influence tho Senate in
China's behalf. In recent _*^ars it has
been the policy of the Chinese govern?
ment. which includes many graduates
of American colleges, to influence
America to fight China's political and,
if necessary, military battles. Such
was substantially the Chinese policy
here, but President Wilson, upon whom
they relied, accepted the arguments of
the Japanese, supported by Arthur Bal
four, who acted largely as tne arbiter
in the settlement. The young Chinese
enthusiasts with an American educa
tion, refusing to recognize that the
trouble with China is primarily her.
own incompetence and corruption, now
hope to go over Presido.it Wilson's
head to the American Senate and peo?
ple, and if they fail in preventing rati?
fication of the Shantung clause of the
treaty, they hope at any rate to inten
sify the ill-feeling against Japan.
Many Slain as Serbs
And Croatians Battle
LONDON, May 15.?Serious fighting
between Serbians and Croatians at
Agram, the Croatian capital, is reported
in a Vienna dispatch to-night to the
Exchange Telegraph Company. Many
of the combatants are said to have
been killed.
This is the first report of a clash |
between the Serbians and Croats who, j
it is planned, will be incorporated into ?
Chinese Cabinet Quits;
Shanghai Parley Fails
President Refuses to Accept
Resignation*, Still Hoping
for Compromise *
PARIS, May 16.?The Chinese Cabi?
net has resigned, but the President has
refused to accept the resignations, ac?
cording to a telegram from Peking to
the peace conference.
The peace conference at Shanghai
between representatives of northern
and southern China, the telegram
adds, has broken up.
Pope to Receive U. S.
Protestant Bishops
Delegation Headed by the Right
Rev. Anderson to Visit
Vatican Friday
ROME, May 15 (By The Associated
Press).?Pope Benedict, having learned
that the mission of American Protes?
tant Episcopal bishops, headed by the
Right Rev. Charles P. Anderson, of
Chicago, had arranged to leave Rorae
Saturday, notification was sent to th .
prelates to-day that his Holiness would
receive them Friday.
The Pope next Tuesday will receive
Dr. Epitacio Pessoa, President-elect of
Brazil. The Pontiff has ordered that
Dr. Pessoa be welcomed inside the con
fines of the Vatican with sovereign
Cardinal Gasparri, the Papal Secre?
tary of State, will discuss with Dr.
Pessoa the relations between Church
and State in Brazil.
Bishop Anderson, who, with several
other clergymen of the denomination
recently; visited the Balkans and Turkey,
to-day expressed the deep impression
made upon him by the beauty and fer
tility of the Balkan countries and the
parts of Asia Minor visited. Three
generations of peace, Bishop Anderson
said, would bring the peoples of these
countries to the front rank of world
civilization. Their progress for cen
turies had been arrested by war, mis
rule and Turkish oppression, and if
this was followed by permanent peace
it would be difficult to predict the
future development of the countries,
he said.
Dr. Anderson declared the absence
of agricultural machinery was a no
ticeable feature. There was a demo?
cratic atmosphere eerywhere, he added,
and the people spoke in the highest
praise of the principles of democracy
enunciated by President Wilson and
were looking to American principles
and ideals to afeguard the world'.
"It made one tremble to be an Amer?
ican citizen," Dr. Anderson continued,
"when I found such confidence had been
placed in American infegrity."
The prelate said the mission to tho
East, which had been successful beyond
expectations, was purely ecclesiastical
and in the interest of the effort to
bring about a union of the Christian
churches of the world.
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Germans Say
Terms Can't
Be Accepted
Continued from page 1
indemnification for losses suffered
through the war.
Deny Blame Is Proved
The note declared further that the
peace terms provided no proof of Ger?
many's responsibility for the war and
requested that the reports of all the
Allied commissions which investigated
the responsibility for the war should
be communicatcd to the German dele- j
Another note of the three handed, in
on Tuesday,'that dealing with terri- :
torial questions, declared that the por
tion of the treaty dealing with terri?
torial annexations was not in accord
ance with President Wilson's fourteen
Under the financial and economie
conditions of the treaty, it was further
set forth, it seemed that it would be :
impossible for Germany to have enough
gold on hand at the end of fifteen years '
to repurchase the Saar Valley mines
from France, and that if she did have, I
the indemnification commission, which
would still dominate Germany, would |
not permit this gold to be used for j
such a purpose.
Negotiations Suggested
The note suggested negotiations with
the Entente, with a view of effecting
an alternative arrangement to meet
France's just claims by the delivery of
coal from both the Saar and the Ruhr
Secretary Lansing's note of Nov. 5,
1918, notified Germany of the willing
ness ^f the Allies to make peace on the
basis of President Wilson's fourteen
points. The note, after stating that !
the Allies reserved the right to place I
their own interpretation on the claims i
relating to the freedom of the seas, j
declared that the Allies "understand j
that compensation will be made by i
Germany for all damage done to tbe
civilian population of the Allies and
their property by the aggression of I
Germany by land, by sea and from the
New York Tribune
Foreign Pre.ts Bureau i
Evidence of the duplicity of the
former Central Empires in tryihg to es- '
cape the blame for starting the war!
continues to accumulate. The latest
bit of this evidence is a document dis
covered by the Paris correspondent of !
"The London Times." In July 1914, the ;
Austro-Hungarian government sent
Herr von Weisner to Serajevo to in
vestigate and report on the circum
stances of the assassination of the|
Archduke Franz Ferdinand. It is a I
telegraphic report of Herr von Weis?
ner that "The Times" correspondent
has unearthed. The dispatch follows:
Serajevo, July 13, 1914, 1.10 p. m.
Knowledge of the Serbian Government
of the direction of the assassination j
plot or participation in its preparation !
and the supply of weapons for it is
proved by nothing, and cannot even be
suspected. There are, on the contrary,
many grounds for regarding this sup
position as being untenablc.
Allied Warships
Occupy Smyrna
American, British, Greek
and French Forces
Noiv Control the City
PARIS, May 16.?An extensive Allied
naval concentration has been begun at
Smyrna in connection with a mandate
to Greece to administer the city.
In discussing the concentration "LMn
transigeant" says that Allied troops al?
ready have been debarked. It says that
the concentration at Smyrna is being
taken against the day when the peace
conditions imposed on the Turks will
be put into effect and when the Turks
may be invited to leave Europe.
The British and the French each i
have fleets at Smyrna, with landing j
parties; the Greeks have a battleship'
and five gunboats, and the Italians '
have five large warships. The United
States navil forces are tho battleship
Arizona and four destroyers. The vari- I
ous Allied naval contingents are drawn j
from the forces in the Adriatic and the j
Black Sea.
Troops are also being concentrated
from Salonica. It is understood that
British and French forces are cocip
erating in the Greek adrainistrative
mandate. The Italian attitude has not :
been disclosed, but the recent landing j
of Italian troops at Adalia, on the j
southern coast of Asia Minor, and the j
presence of an Italian squadron at i
Smyrna lead to the belief that Italy is j
soeking to safeguard her interests in j
Asiatic Turkey.
Advices to the peace conference say |
that transports carrying Greek troops
have sailed from Salonica for Smyrna.
Greeks Land at Smyrna
ATHENS, May 14.?Greek forces
landed to-day at Smyrna, the news be?
ing received hrro with great enthu-j
A Paris dispatch received on Thurs?
day stated that "an important port"
in Asia Minor would "soon be tho the?
atre of an inter-Ahled military and
naval manifcstatlon, in which Greek
soldiers and French, British and Ital?
ian warships would participate." A
Paris dispatch received Thursday
night stated that the United States
battleship Arizona and four United
States cruisers had arrived at Smyrna.
A dispatch from Athens to the
United Press yesterday announced that
an entire division of Greek troops had
been landed at Smyrna, and that coi.
sidernble territory on either side nf
the city had been occupied, including
Aivnli, ten miles to the northward, and
Voruria, forty miles to tho southward.
One of the Greek warships that cov?
ered the landing of the troops, the
dispatch said, was tho battleship Kil
kis, formcrly the Idaho of the Amer?
ican navy, which was sold to Greece
in 1914.
Fears Turk Massacres
New York Tribune
Sprcuil Cable Service
(Copyrluht, 1919, New York Trlbunt Ir.c.)
PARIS, May 18.-~Pr?iid?nt GuIbb, of
Bttbert CoUoge, Constajj^inopl^ ha*
informed Colonel House that if the
Allies' plans involve the dis.member
ment of Turkey he strongly urge. the
dispatch of troops to Turkish regions
before the intentions are announced, in
order to prevent a massacre of Chris
tians and' the possible destruction of
Saint Sofia.
Smyrna Among Oldest
Cities in the World
Founded Before Ninth Century
and Changed Hands Many
Times in Racial Conquests
New York Tribune
Foreign Press Bureau
Smyrna, the most important city of
Asia Minor, is probably one of the
oldest cities in the world. Its founda
tion antcdates even the Greek coloniza
tion of Asia Minor in the ninth cen?
tury before Christ. It became one of j
the wealthiest Greek colonies, and did
not lose its prominence under the :
Roman conquest. Smyrna was first
conquered by the Turks in A. D. 1084, j
and until 1402 it was at various times!
held by Greeks, Arabs, Seldjouk and
Osmanli Turks, Mongols and the West- j
ern Knighta of St. John. In 1402 it
was captured by Timur, the Mongol
conqueror, who massacred most of the
inhabitants. Ever since the city has i
remained in Mahometan hands.
Its present-day population is over I
250,000, Ihe majority of which are :
Greeks. It was one of the principal
seaports of the Ottoman Empire.
Before thc war the annual exports
passing through it amounted to about
$15,000,000, with tho imports exceeding
$5,000,000. The port is connected with
tho interior of Asia Minor by several
railways, some of them before the
war owned by French and British in- j
terests. The port was visited by 7,000
steamships annually. The city had a
large European colony ancl many
schools. It is one of the most impor?
tant objectives of Greek irredentism.
U. S. Committee Aids
Turkish Harem Victims
Relief Rushed for Thousands
of Women and Girls Cast
Out, of Ottoman Homcs
Measures for the care of the thou?
sands of Christian women and girls
who have been released or rescued
from Turkish harems since the sign?
ing of the armistice have been laken
by the American Committee for
Armenian and Syrian Relief, it was an?
nounced by that committee yesterday.
A cablegram from Constantinople to
the committee in New York announces
that homcs for the women and girls
and for many children, also taken from
the harems, have been started in fifteen
cities in Asia Minor, and that prepara?
tions have been made for the industrial
training of the women and grils under
the direction of a committee of experts.
In the homes of the Turks, these Chris?
tian wome nand girls were treated as
slaves and were not permitted to study
or acquire any useful accomplishments,
the organization makes known.
Washington Is I'ninformed
WASHINGTON, May 16.?The Navy
Department has no orlicial information
on the landing of Greek troops at
Smyrna. The department has merely
received a report that the battleship
Arizona has arrived there, with no de?
tails as to what she is doing or
whether she is cooperating with the
Allied forces. Captain J. H. Dayton is
in command of the vessel.
Tlie navy has no confirmation of
The Associated Press report that four
destroyers accompanied her. The Ari?
zona, which acted as escort to the
George Washington on the last trip
over of the President, is one of the
newest ships, and carries a complement
in excess of 1,000 men
Admiral Benson has complete charge
of the eodporatien of the American
navy with the Allies, it is pointed out
at the department, and could give any
orders ho thought necessary without
much haste about reporting to Wash?
America Will Not Be
Betrayed, Says Borah
New York Tribun*
WanhiyiQton Bureau
WASHINGTON, May 16.?"The United
States will not sell her independence
nor be betrayed into thc hands of any
foreign power for the sake of trade
with Germany or any other nation,"
Senator Borah'declared to-night in com
menting upon the Associated Press
dispatch stating that any of the Allies
which refused to sign the German
peace treaty would be barred from
trading with Germany until the treaty
was signed.
"Those who sat behind closed doors
at Versailles and schemed and con
spired to browbeat and coerce the
American people into a surrender of
their most cherished traditions of our
national life and the most sacred prin?
ciples of our free institution. sadly
underestimated both the intelligence
and tho patriotism of the American
It is taken for granted, however, by
Republican Senators that not only did
the President permit the insertion of
this clause, but that he probably was
its sponsor, with the end in view of
forcing the United States Senate to
rush through the ratification of the
treaty and of prevent ing it from hold
ing up the ratification until amend
ments could be forced to the league of j
nations covenant.
It was pointed out here to-night that \
the provision probably was not in- |
tended for Italy, since there will be no j
great objretion on the part of Italy to i
signing the peace treaty with Germany.
The treaty with Germany does not take
up the question of Fiume. That is
contained in the treaty with Austria,
and Senators believe that Italy will
sign tho treaty with Germany without
trouble, but will delay signing the
treaty with Austria.
Treaty Needs
But 4 Signers
Clause Provides Three
Chief Powers and Ger?
many Can Ralify It
PARIS, May 16.?The German peace
treaty, it developed to-day, contains a
clause which has not yet been made
public, providing that ratification by
Germany and three ?f the principn]
associated powers will bring thc treaty
into force b.tw.ea tho rutifyinjr. pur
Tirpitz Saw End of
Kaiserism After Marne
New York Tribune
Special Cable Service
(Copyright, 1919, New York Tribune Inc.)
BERLIN, May 16.?Germany's loss
of the battle of the Marne gave Ad?
miral von Tirpitz a remarkably
clear prevision of coming events.
His Leipsic publisher issues a state?
ment saying that von Tirpitz's forth
coming book contains a letter written
to his wife September 20, 1914, in
which he says that Germany was
brought into an extremely dangerous
position through the loss of the
battle of the Marne. Then, looking
further into the future, von Tirpitz
wrote: "The present caste and class
system is linished. Whether we have
victory or defeat we shall reach pure
ties, enabling the Immediate resump
tion of trade.
It was pointed out in connection with
the stipulation as to the ratincation of
the treaty that any nation which with
held ratification after three of the
principal powers had ratified would be
at a disadvantage in a commercial way.
A pcremptory answer to the German
note registering objections to the
treaty arrangements for the left bank
of the Rhine and the Saar Valley, has
been drafted by the special commission
on territorial affairs presided over by
Andre Tardieu, it was reported this
It became known to-day that the
German peace delegation was preparing
to send another note to the Allied and
Associated powers conccrning the peace
treaty. The note, which has not yet
been completed, is said to be in rela
lion to Aisace and Lorraine.
As the result of conferences among
the representatives of the Powers,
which were being continued to-day,
the text of the German treaty will
probably be made public by instal
ments. It was reported that the finan?
cial and boundaries sections of the
document would be released to-night.
Versailles, May ig.~?Among those
tvho arrived to-day from Berlin to join
the German peace delegation was Pro?
fessor Weber, a financial expert.
U. S. to Mediate
Adriatic Issues
PARIS, May 16.?Negotiations pend
ing for adjustment of the Adriatic
controversy contemplate a direct set
tlement between Italy and Jugo-Slavia
through American mediation. By this
plan the Austrian treaty would not
specify the disposition to be made of
Dalmatia, Istria or Fiume, beyond de
taching them from Austria,
The Council of ' Foreign Ministera
continued work to-day on subsidiary
details of the Austrian peace treaty
having to do with the new Austrian
It is considered as unlikely that the
treaty will be ready for presentation
to the Austrian plenipotentiaries be?
fore Wednesday of next week, and
probably not until later. ?
Premier Lloyd George was absent
to-day to bid goodby to a Welsh regi
ment that is leaving France for home,
and the council of four will not meet
again before Saturday. Mr. Wilson yes?
terday afternoon went for a motor ride
which took him to the neighborhood of
St. Germain, but he did not encounter
any members of the Austrian delega?
The credentials of the Austrian peace
sentutives fo the allied an associated
sentatives of the allied and associated
powers at a meeting probably next
Tuesday, it was said here to-day.
In the meantime, the Austrians are
marking time excpt for a conference
with the Inter-Allied Food Commission
to-day relative to tne revictualling of
Resistance Idea
Gains With Foe
NeW} York Tribune
Special Cable Service
(Copyrlght, 191?. New York Tribuno Inc.)
BERLIN, May 16. The excitement
of the public mind remains unabated.
Dispatches from many sections report
agitation and protest movements of
various kinds. The idea of forcible
resistance to eastern territorial
changes begins to find expression in
some unofficial quarters.
General von Liebert, one of the
luminaries of the pan-Germans, pub
lishes an article to-day professing to
be organizing forces for the defence
of Silesia and West Prussia, elaborat
mg the scheme in much detail. Some
of the people's councils in the dis
puted provinces also have adopted
resolutions plainly hinting at resis?
tance by force.
A Kattowitz dispatch to the
"Deutsche Allgemeine Zeitung" reports
united oppositoin there, even in dis?
tricts with a strongly jrrcdominent
Polish population, adding that Polish
workmen passionately are asserting
their will to remain in Germany
President.Wilson continucs to be the
centre of newspaper discussions. The
papers print daily extracts from his
various public utterances, alleging that
the treaty conflicts with them. To
day a big placard was placed upon
many walls giving'in large type the
deadly paralle] of the treaty stipula
tions and President Wilson's principles.
The idea of refusing to sign seems
to bo gaining grourtd, but Eduard
Bernstein pleads in "Vorwaerts" for
only a qualified refusal. Tho Agrarian
League issued a declaration culminat
mg in the words "Such a peace is un
accoptable. Death rather than slavery "
German currency continucs its pro
cess of rapid deprcciation. in three
days Dutch exchange has risen to 105
marks for 100 florins; Swiss to
Swedish to 45, and Danish to 40.
What Can We Do but
Sign? Is German Vieiv
yERSAILLES. May 16.-A distinct
imprcssion among come of the
subordinate members of the German
peace mission that the Germans will
sign tho peace treaty is rellected
in the remark of one of the secre
taries, who is quoted as saying:
"What else can we do but sign?
Wo are on the ground, your Inees
are on our stomuclm and your thumb*
in our oyes,"
Will Germany Sign?
Indicatioris Are Teutons Purpose to Pro
crastinate Till Last Minute in Hope of
Causing- Differences Among the Allies
? By Frank H. Simonds
PARIS, May 15.?On the all im?
portant question: Will the Germans
sign? two currents of opinion are
moving at the present time in Paris.
The majority. of weil informed ob
servers believ'e that without any pre
liminary rupture of negotiations after
protracting discussion to the last pos?
sible moment the Germans will sign.
A smaller group, not on the whole
less weil informed, holds that in any
event the Germans will go through
the motions of refusal and rupture
to make a last test of the solidarity
of the Entente, and disclose the will
ingness or unwillingness o_ the Allies
to use force.
So far German tactics have been
feeble to the point of provoking con
tempt. I remember to have heard
Marshal Foch say that when Erzberger
came to his headquarters to receive
the terms of the armistice he occupied
his time almost continuously in writ?
ing and presenting point after point
of protest, and when each of these
was rejected as rapidly producing
another, with no apparent apprecia
tion of the real facts of his situation.
To-day the Germans seem to be pur
suing something of the same fatuoua
policy. Points which they have so far
raised have been of relatively no im?
In the last analysis Germany will
have to sign these terms of peace.
Her refusal, her rupture of negotia?
tions for the moment and for effect,
will have no other result than to set
in motion the Allied armies along the
Rhine, now ready to raove. Any con
siderable lessening of the terms is
now inconceivable, and so far as one
can see the Allies are at the present
time, and so far as the German ques?
tion is concerned, squarely and solidly
It is plain that there are two things
upon which the Germans mean to con
contrate: First?The financial clauses,
and particularly those clauses which
postpone tho fixing of the financial
amount Germany must pay for several
years. Germany is certain to ask, the
victors to fix upon a sum which will
comprehend her total indebtedness to
them and they are equally certain to
Secondly?Germany will protest on
Japanese Seeking
Out let in Siberia
TJ. S, Archangel Force
Looked on as "Watch
Dog" to Prevent a
Permanent Lodgement
New York Tribune
Special Cable Service
| (Onpyright. 191., New Vork Tribune Inc.)
PARIS, May 16.?The fact that
America continues to maintain an
; army in Siberia while President Wil
! son's policy toward Russia otherwise
j is passive, and pians to remove the
i Americans from the Archangel front,
i cause the Japanese to feel that the
Americans are in Siberia to watch
i them, and by perpetuating inter
: national occupation serve to prevent
I a permanent and exclusively Japanese
I lodgmenf. there.
A critical and unfriendly attitude,
and the reluctance of the Americans
in Siberia to cooperate, encourage this
belief. Weil informed observers here
I anticipate that the Japanese intend to
obtain the privilege of emigration to
Siberia east of Lake Baikal, which
the Russians, despite their long
sovereignty, control only as a sparsely
; settled colony.
Important Japanese statesmen do
: not deny that while Great Britain and
' France are formidably rounding out
their respective empires Japan also
looks to the extension of her colonial
I position in northern and eastern Asia
j ?namely, extending her sphere of in
I fluence and potential sovereignty north
i and west of Corea and Manchuria into
' Mongolia and Siberia. Having sought,
and obtained definite proof at the
peace conference that despite ideal
j istic professions and the creation of
ja league of- nations, recognition of
; equality, and the privilege of emi
: gration into America and the British
; colonies have been denied the Japa
; nese, they now have turned their eyes
i toward the continent of which they
j are racially a part.
j Emigration Wave
Starts Toward Europe
WASHINGTON, May 16.-A wide
| spread exodus of aliens from this
' country was reported to-day by the
Department of Labor. Inquiries by the
! department's investigation and inspec
j tion service have revealed that al
j ready large numbers of foreign born
i residents are leaving the country and
| that even more expect to depart when
| steamship accommodations and pass
j ports can be obtained.
Unemployment and family interests
! were said to be important factors in
. stimulating the eastward f.ow of the
j human tide which for decades has set
i only westward. Ethelbert Stewart, di?
rector of the investigation service, said
many aliens reported they had not.
heard from their families sfnce Europe
was thrown into war, and that they
were going overseas to make a per?
sonal investigation.
Another cause of the emigration is
the desire of some aliens to partici
pate in the settlement of estate. of
relatiyes killed in the war. There
also is tho desire of many foreign
born to return to lands no_- freed
from German or Austrian domination.
Figures from many cities show
that fully fifty per cent of the aliens
of certain races intend to return to
Europe, many of them to remain there.
An investigation by a steel plant
showed that 01 per cent of its alien
employes declared their intention to
return and of this number 91 per
cent said they were going to stay.
A prominent Hungarian of Chicago
estimated that 50 per cent of the
.0,000 unnaturalized Austro-Hunga
rianfi in that city would return to
Europe. In a Connecticut city with a
Polish population of nbout 6,000 from
1,500 to 2,000 expect to return.
Among Eithuanians there is a strong
feeling that if Lithuania boeon.es in
depcndent there will be a large movo
,__.nt back to t&at, country, [
territorial changes, but particularly the
transfer of her eastern districts to the
Poles. Without much doubt, Germany
recognizes the necessity of accepting
the loss of Alsace-Lorraine.
She will use the Saar Valley detail
to make such ^moral capital as she can
in alleging a violation of Mr. Wilson's
fourteen points. But the Saar Valley
is a small area and the terms of French
possession provide for a possible re
version to Germany.
By contrast, if Germany loses her
Polish provinces, she will lose. nearly
an eighth of her area, some of her
best food-producing regions, one of
her great industrial districts, and East
Prussia will be separated from the
rest of Germany by the Polish corri
dor. The^ work of Frederick the Great
will thus be almost completely undone.
It is plain that if the Allies have
erred on any side in making the Polish
settlement, it has been in favor of the
Germans. It is clear that the Allies
have reduced cession by Germany to
Poland until only unmistakably Polish
districts have been taken, but it is no
less clear that in taking these districts
the Allies have dealt a terrible blow
to Germany.
There is a growing belief that if the
Germans decide to sign the treaty of
peace a new delegation will come here
representing the Independent Social
ists, the only party in Germany willing
to sign.
But there should be no illnsion any
where as to what the signing means.
The German will honor his signature
only as he is compelled to. Having
signed the treaty, he means to do
everything within his power to defeat
the application of the terms. He trusts
that after a year or two at most the
Allies will fall apart as the conquerors
of Napoleos almost fell apart between
Fontainebleau and the return from
One has only to read the volume of
German comment now to be perfectly
clear that no German accepts the
treaty of peace as just, that there is no
smallest realization yet that it repre
sents the sentence of civilization upon
German barbarism; and the very
authors of the treaty of Brest-Litovsk,
the very men who planned to annex
Belgium and Northern France and lay
France to ransom, the very people who
one year ago were hurling shells into
Paris churches, are now talking about
j justice and humanity and German
J moral superiority in a fashion which
almost passes human belief!
U. S. Soldiers in
Berlin Ordered
To Doff Unif orms
British Also Don Civilian
Attire to Avoid Demon?
strations ; Trouble Feared
in the Next Few Days
LONDON, May 16.?American and
British officers in Berlin have been or?
dered to wear <*ivilian clothing outdoors
lest they incite the popula^ion to dem?
onstrations, according to a dispatch
from the German capital to the Ex?
change Telegraph Company under date
of Thursday.
American couriers in uniform have
mostly been forced to remain in the
Hotel Adlon, and there is a general
feeling in the hotel that there will be
trouble within the next few davs.
BERLIN, May 15 (By The Associated
Press).?The police authorities of Ber?
lin have issued a proclamation warning
the public against demonstrations hos
tile to foreign residents of the city.
The proclamation declares:
"We are tighting against the nefari
ous policy of imperialism, not against
individuals who are not to blame for
the policy of their governments. It
has been determined to punish such
excesses with the utmost severity, and
any wh'o instigate disorders will also
be punished."
Condemnation of demonstrations be?
fore the Reichstag and in Unter den
Linden Tuesday against the Allies, the
United States and President Wilson is
voiced by several newspapers, especial?
ly the "Tageblatt."
Theodor Wolff, in the "Tageblatt,"
ascribes the outbreak to the "alley ele
ment" and says they were unripe
youths and denounces their conduct
as "childish and unseemly." He says
that no sensible and decent person
can desire that the great seriousness
of the present days be misrepresented
by undignificd howling. He declares
the demonstrations did not appear to
be serious to the Allied representatives
living in the Hotel Adlon and that the
crowd outside did not interfere with or
speak to the foreign newspaper corre
spondents when they left the hotel
and walked down the street.
The "Vossische Zeitung," in this
connection, prints a letter criticising
the government for permitting "for?
eign elements" to so dominate Berlin
that signs and placards are posted in
the English and French languages and
that many foreign actors are permitted
on the stages in Berlin. The communi?
cation rails at stores which display a
notice in English inviting American
officers to have their portraits painted
as a souvenir of their stay in Berlin.
? -??. ? . -..
Britigh Fleet Off Memel;
Ready to Occupy Town
East Prussian Seaport Goes to
?Allies Under Terms of
the Peace Treaty
LONDON, May 17.?A British fleet is
anchored outside of Memel, East Prus?
sia, close to the Russian frontier, and
the British are expected to occupy the
place in a few days, according to a
Copenhagen dispatch to the Exchange
Telegraph Company quoting Berlin ad
The seaport of Memel, with the sur
rounding area, ia to be ceded to tho
Allied and associated governmcnU un?
der the terms of tho treaty *>f peace.
Musical Heariquarters
We are exhibiting the most re
markable collection of musical in,
5trumcnts ever assembled jr, NCw
Autoharpa ..?. mr?%%.. $5 to $20
Banjos....$8to $60
B_njo-M?ndolin..$i_ t. $l3g
Banjos, Tenor .. .... .$25 to $6S
Banjo-Ukulele. ....... $9 to 5-4
Bugtea.......$3to $12
Corneta .......... .$15 to $90
Dinner Chimes ....... $5 to $90
Drurn. ??.$1 to $25
Fifea.$l.o $g
Flutea ............. .525 to $j6(j
Guitara.$10 to. $$0
Harpa..$75 to $3,000
Mandolin. ......... .$5 to $150
Mueic Rollc.$1 to $3
Mutic Satch.lt ........ $2 to $lg
Piccolos ............ $S to $55
Saxophones .v ...'..... $75 to $105
T-ombone? .... ^?,-. .$2T5 to $55
Taropatches ;....,.-. .'|tS to $35
Ukulele* ..... ?._?...... $6 to $35
Violins .....,_./.... $5 to $5M
Victrota* ........$22.50 to $ 9*)
Violoncciloa ........$-6.o J3J5
Td.pjhone M_rray Hili 4144
Chas. H. D.tsott & Co,
840-12 East 34th &U
Finnish Army
Now Marchiiiff
On Petrograd
Dispatches to Copenhagen
Declare Gen. Mannerheim
Is Expected to Occupy
Russian City in Few Days
COPENHAGEN". May 16 I By The Asao
j ciated Press).?A strong Finnish army
j commanded by General . lannerheim,
I leader of the government forces, i.
| marching aga'nst Petrogra., which, it
: is expected, will be occupied within a
| few days, according to advices to the
j "National Tidende."
Ukrainian reports received from
| Vienna indicate that the Bolsheviki are
| fleeing from their advanced western
I positions at Rovno before the army led
! by Simon Petlura, and are retirinj; in
! disorder, due to a lack _? transporta
: tion, toward Eorosteny and Sarny
? Junction.
It appears that there is a general up
rising of Ukrainian peasants against
the Bolsheviki, the town of Homel, ia
the government of Mohilev, falling into
their hands. The peasants are led by
H. Orlovsky and are reported to have
1 won other successes northeaat of Kiev.
The army led by Zeleney, another
Ukrainian peasant chief. !;u..iber$
about 20,000 and is operating on both
( sides of the Dnieper River near Kiev.
PARIS, May 16.?The Germans, by
their imperialistic manceuvres in
Letivia and Lithuania, are retarding
any concerted campaig:i against thl
Bolsheviki in the region of Riga and
southward, according to the Warsa.
correspondent of the "Temps." The
effect of the coup at Libau, where th?
Germans overturned the Let* govern?
ment, he says, has paralyzed the anti
Bolshevjk activity of the Letts and
prolonged the domination of Riga by
the Soviet forces. Letivia, the corre?
spondent asserts, is politically and
militarily under the influence of th#
The presence of German troops and
German agents in Lithuania, it is add
ed, is holding up Polish military a>
tivity against the Bolsheviki.
The correspondent urges the neces?
sity of compelling the withdrawal of
the German troops as soon a* possible,
asserting that there is no military rea
son for their presence.
Indemnity Asked for
500 Slain Liberians
New y'or"- Tribun*
Special Cable ServieS
f?.'->p>right. J.19, N'ew Vork Tribune Int)
PARIS. May 16.? H. F. Worley, finan
cial adviser of Liberi.:, and the Li
berian delegates to the peace con?
ference have presented claim? for the
lives of three hundred Liberia:. v.ho
were murdered in cold blood by Ger?
man officials in the Kameroons. The
claims are based on evidence of num?
bers of foreigners and native Li
1 berians who testified to the followiOf
At the opening of the war 500 Li
berian contract laborers working for
German firms in the Kameroons re
fused to take up arms on the ground
that they were Liberian eitizene and
were not contractmg to participate ln
the war. They were herded in ]'_$_
and the Germans lined up 100 who*
they shot with machine guns as *n
example to the others.
When the Germans were forced t?
leave Duala in the l__.n_.ro ni they
burned the jail with 200 Liberian.
who were locked up in the bu iding
Not one escaped. The remaincer of
the 600 either succeeded in >
to Liberia or were found in the Kame?
roons when the Allied forces arrived
Treaty With Turks To
Be Signed in Near East
?>ARIS, May 16.?It ia probablc the
Turkish and Bulgarian peace
treaties will be negotiated and signed
in Constantlnople, Saloniea or some
other convenient' city in the N?*r .
East, according to R._tor'_ PstlSj
office. -_i
- .J_.it ...hitlii in 1 ._?H__^"

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