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TISED IN THE TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED First to Last?the Truth: News ? Editorials Advertisements .?? ,-~?i ? WE?THEB ?Local showers to-day, probably fair to* morrow. Moderate winds. Jtlfc.^ Full B?port ?n Fa*-e SO _.JJ Vol. LXXIX No. 26,485 [Copyright, 1919, New York Tribune Inc.l THURSDAY, MAY 22, 1919 ^ % % ______-___<In Greater New Tork and X? O IB.VTB ^ within commuting distance THREE CENTS Elsewhere Allies Give Berlin 7 Days' Grace to Reply to Terms; Ebert Cabinet Says Germany Will Not Sign Treaty; Jews Here Join in Great Protest Against Pogroms NC-4 To Portugal Earlv To-day Seaplane Compelled to Return to Port Because of Engine Trouble; De? fect Later Remedied Big Crowd Out To Watch Start Towers Says Repairs to >C-3 Will Keep 100 Me? chanics Busv 3 Months " PONTA DELGADA, May 21 (By The As.-ociated Press).?Lieutenant Com? mander A. C. Read announced to-night that the engine trouble which cr.used a postponement of the flight of the NC-4 for Lisbon this mornirg had been rem? edied. The 'plane, he said, would start ?t daybreak tomorrow, v/eathcr pcr ni'ittir.r;. The wrecked 'phr.e >*C-3 has been brought La to '.he bo.tch, where it is being dismantled, preparatory to ship? ment to the United States on the tender Melville. Commander .lorn K. Towers estimat? ed to-dajf that it w?u'.d take 100 me? chanics three months to put the ma? chine into proper flying condition. The crew of the NC-4 boarded the tyane two hours before sunrise to-day "to tuno up the motors. After making three unsuccessful attempts to take off v.'ith one engine functioning improp erly, Lieutenant Commander Read de? cided it wa:; too late to remedy the trouble this morning in time to make the flight to Lisbon by daylight. Thousands Watch for Flight Thousands of persons who crowded the decks of ships in the harbor and Tar.tage points on the waterfront were disappointed a'-, the failure to start to? day. LISBON', May 21 (By The Associated Press).?In the expectation that an American seaplane would reach here to? day great crowd-- o?7 people took up po? sitions of vantage to witness the com? ing of the dauntless airmen who have already flown to Ponta Delgada. Even at a late hour many of the sightseers continued to hold their places. The American 'piano is expected to ?Hght a ?ittle above the centre, of Lis? bon, ?here the width of the Tagus River is greater than at other points. WASHINGTON, May 21.?Although Weather conditions were extremely fa? vorable, Lieutenant Commander Albert C. Read was unable to get the seaplane NC-4 away from Ponta Delgada to-day for the 800-mile flight to Lisbon, Por? tliga:, became of engine trouble, which developed when the ship was being toned up for the ?tart. Lieutenant Commander Read sent the following message this morning to the N'avy Department: "NC-4 will not start to-day. One en fmf- not functioning properly." N'C-1 Dropped as "Lost" Commander .John H. Towers, trans? plants flight commander, ha;; recom? mended that, the N'C-1, which sank at **a. be itrickf-n from the navy list as ??? at sea," and that the NC-3 be Paced out of commission for rebuild? ing when she arrives in New York. Lieutenant Commander R. A. Lav tn?Jer and Lieutenant H. Sadenwater, ??rnbers of the crews of the N'C-l arid "W, will rc-urr, to the United Stat?;s w> the ftrrt i",viTnm?;nt vessel leaving ?nta Delgada. The dismantled NC-3 **?' be taken to New York on the IN -? 8. Melville, with Machinist L. H. T*1*? s? member of her crew, in ******< The destroyer Stockton has ?ffl placed at t|e disposal of Com mander Tower? and the remaining **"*"? of two crew?, who will pro j*d to Plymouth, Kngland, the ob? jective port of the NC 4. AH Men Under Forty Mobilized by Reds Washington, May 21, Swedish pm repon?, from Petrograd, via He! 'kttor*, tr*n?Bitt?d to the State Do Knifit-tc. today, ?ay the Bolshevik jy8* ?t Petrograd has constituted a ?>*!'?-"?? "for the defence of the pro *""'-?t" and hau vented it with broad P**er?, " KefcilizaMon of all men up to the age f>ny has be?-n determined upon, arid "? ?"?itary eoirfmisaariat ha? been tm ^**red to requisition horses and ??*? According to th<- report!, own i?h" "'??? to deliver requisitioned "??*r>*U are to im executed. K?jr a ?ate* Mow? t_, ??r &<IOUl*< I;-..? U.', f?*** Huir * C?? ?1 Uw%x_Advt. Wilsor?s Plea for Beer Condemned by Baptists DENVER, Colo., May 21.?Unani? mous action condemning Presi? dent Wilson for his recommendation to Congress for repeal of war-time prohibition was taken to-day by the Northern Baptist convention in ses? sion here. On motion from the convention floor the convention voted to prepare resolutions "in strong and vigorous terms, and at the same time digni? fied," expressing the convention's dis? approval of the President's stand. The resolution will be drawn up by a committee of which E. L. Tustin, former member of the Pennsylvania Legislature, is chairman. Chaloner Gets $30,000 Verdict Against "Post" Believes Victory in New York Court Is First Step to Recovery of Control of His Property Here _ John ?Armstrong Chaloner, adjudged insane in New York and sane in Vir? ginia, was awarded $"0,000 damages in his action for libel against "The New York Evening Post" by a jury before Judge A. N. Hand in the Federal Dis? trict Court yesterday. The alleged libel appeared in an editorial ten years aero. The plain? tiff charged that this editorial was de? signed to reflect upon him in connec-i tion with the death of ?John Guillard, ? a farm hand, who was shot and killeo i in the home of Chaloner, at Merry Mills, Virginia. Former United ?States ' ?attorney George M. Curtis, jr., was tiial counsel for Mr. Chaloner. Immediately after Foreman Charles I.nllin announced the verdict William Wherry, attorney for the newspaper,! moved that it be set aside on the ground that it was excessive and against the weight of evidence. Judge Hand took the matter under advise? ment and gave Mr. Wherry three days in which to submit briefs. The plain- j tiff will then have a like time to file briefs in answer. The jury returned ? the verdict after fifty minutes of con? sideration. Mr. Chaloner declared his intention of pressing libel suits he has pending against "Town Topics" and "The New I "York Times," and then continued: Felt Sure of Verdict "When I went to the offices of my ! attorneys, a short time after the jury ! retired, I was asked whether my sub consciousness had informed me of the | outcome of the trial. I told them that j before I left my home at Merry Mills my subconscious instinct told me that ! I would receive a verdict in the neigh ? borhood of $?10.000. 1 would rather j have that .$30,000 verdict and the ques i tion of my sanity left to a jury than i $100,000. Out of this tragedy has grown ? the chance I longed for to vindicate j myself before a New York jury. This has brought me much nearer to the i control of my estate." I Jurors -Much Impressed Several of the jurors later said they : were much impressed with the keen \ mentality of Mr. Chaloner while he was | on the witness stand for two days. They I said that his quick answers to all questions put to him convinced them that he was sane and perfectly capable of taking care of his own affairs. Judge Hand in his charge reiterated ; what he had held all through the trial, I that the mental status of the plaintiff j was on trial and it was for the jury ! to determine what that was and how j ; much weight should be given to his i testimony. Pie also charged that the ! I language of the editorial was libellous I in itself. Last night Mr. Chaloner sent the. fol? lowing telegram to about twenty friends in the ?South: "Opponent claimed I was insane. Court left sanity to jury. Jury found ' m<- sane and gave $30,000 damages. ? Prefer this to $100,000 without sanity O. K." (Signed) CHALONER." After Mr. Wherry had finished his summation, Mr. Chaloner presented him with a poem, "Gladiator Versus i Retiariut," which he has dedicated to ? his "redoubtable adversary in Chaloner v.s. 'New York Evening Post.'" Th.- versea follow: Their tintinnabulation* sweetly rise i hoar Hell'? bell? resonant an? sonoro' Before ih?? curtain rJ?o? '(oro our eye?, Before the air in thick with battle'? roar Shrewd ?van tho ,, ,??..-, ;.;?? of our arma to lay, Shrewd Were lh?> thru?!? ahrowfl Wherry n,?uU' at im:, Hin skill at fence no can can truo ???.Ijuay If?- out, trio on my mettle?did Wherry ?' I "f?M Gladiator 'K?'iinnt ftetlarlus AKalnat. th'< man with trident and ?1rou<| Ml A ?hit)* aa dondly ?,? tho ?aiiao plu? ??? It? r/hlatl* r,*nr my ?rar I'll ne'??r forgotl j ne'er enjoyed ?>. ?lay more in my iif?. Than thin WUiin ??iiy of tri??Hi epochal strife, : Mr. Chaloner ?aid the nrst r-uatrain : wa? written before ho went into court: j for croud-examination and the rust1 ; after the day'? ?c.alon, when ho bad i ' beau ?tUl?L Poll Shows Drys Control In Congress Two-Thirds of Senate and Three-Fourths of House Against Lifting the Ban on July 1 I New York Men ' Are With Wets - Fian Will Be to Delay Action and Forestall Political "Showdown" New York Tribune Washington Rurran WASHINGTON, May IM.?A resolu? tion to repeal war-time prohibition, if voted on to-morrow by the two houses of Congress, would be defeated by ? slightly more than a two-thirds ma? jority in the Senate, and by nearly a ] three-fourths majority in the House. This was revealed to-day in a cr.n ! vass of the two houses. So many mem? bers declined to permit the use of their names that details of this can? vass cannot be given, but when as? sured that neither the "wet" element nor the Anti-Saloon League would be brought down on their heads by the publication of their names, most mem? bers were willinsr to say bow they would vote. Both New York Senators and a fair proportion of the New York delega? tion in the House would vote for any "honest attempt" to repeal wartime prohibition of beer and wine. "1 voted against it in the first place," said Senator Calder. "The majority of the people believe that prohibition ?should come in in an orderly way on I January 1. I would vote for the re? peal." "If the repeal were presented in proper form I should be inclined to support it," said Senator "Wadsworth. No ?Measure Introduced However, no member who was ready to introduce a repeal measure in either House came forward to-day. The gen? et al opinion was that any effort in Continued on page four House Votes For Suffrage, 304 to 89 Passes Amendment by Majority Well Over Two-Thirdso After a Three Hours' Debate Republicans Vote En Masse Only 19 Against Meas? ure; the Senate Support Makes a Victory Sure WASHINGTON", May 21. National suffrage for women was indorsed by the House, of Representatives for the second time to-day, when the Susan B. Anthony amendment resolution was adopted by a vote of flO-1 to 89, Sup : porters of the measure immediately ' arranged to carry their tight to the Senate, where, although twice defeated ? at the last session, they are confident of obtaining the necessary two-thirds vote. The victory for the suffrage forces , to-day was forty-two votes more than the required two-thirds. Tin the pre vious bailot on the resolution, east January 10, 1018, exactly the neces? sary number of affirmative votes were ! recorded. I House leaders of both parties in the ?brief debate preceding to-day's voie I urged favorable action, but many South ' ern Democrats opposed the measure, \ as did several New England Rcpubli ! cans. Republicans Almost Solid The favorable vote was more by fourteen than would have been neces? sary had all of the members of the | House been present. The?political di ; vision of the vote showed thai 200 ; Republicans, 102 Democrat!, . Inde? pendent and 1 Prohibitionist voted for ! adoption, while the negative poll showed TO Democrats and 1!> Republicans. Speaker Gillett, who voted against the resolution on previous ballots, did not vote to-day. Efforts of opponents to amend the resolution were unavailing. Repre j sentative Clark, of Florida. Democrat, | leader of the opposition, proposed that. ' Continued on page three The Chicken That Acquires a Worm (Copyright, 1919, New York Tribune inc I Thousands Join in Parades and Big Madison Square Garden Meet i n g Poles Charged With Trick Noted Men Cheered For Denunciation Of Persecutions i , Hundreds of thousands of Jews in the United States left^ their work at noon yesterday to devote the rest of the day to meetings and services for . their mutilated dead, their burned synagogues and sacred scrolls and the starving survivors in Eastern Europe. The protest of New York's Jewry reached a climax in a great mass meet? ing at Madison Square Garden in the evening:, where more than 25,000 men and women from every section of the metropolitan district struggled to gain ; a foothold in the structure within' sound of the voices of the speakers. Before the police finally closed the doors it was estimated that the seat;?, aisles and lobby held at ?east 15,000 j persons. Many of the fortunate, ones who found themselves within the Garden had huddled in the rain about' the entra?e?' to the building since 1 o'clock . yesterday morning. Through, an almost steady downpour of rain and a penetrating wind they stood to gain an opportunity to show their respect for their dead and voice a protest \ against those they held responsible for the atrocities in Poland. A Volley of Cheers Speakers at the meeting were forced to wait for many minutes when, in re? sponse to their demands for a world justice and equality for .lews, the crowds arose and cheered until their enthusiasm wore itself out. ('liarles F.. Hughes demanded that America m.-iko her voice hoard in a demand for instant art ion in Poland against those guilty of responsibility for the present atrocities. Rabbi Stephen S. Wise outlined a plan by which the new power should be ex- ; eluded from association with civilized nations until it had purged itself of guilt and responsibility for the shed? ding of innocent Jewish blood. Jacob ; Schiff and Nathan Straus predicted an : Continued on page, eighteen ery No Material Changes in Terms Are Contemplated by Allies New York Tribuna Special Cable Serx^ice (Copyright, 1919, New York Tribune Inc.) J3.A.RIS, May 21.?It is stated in the highest circles that no material change in the German peace treaty is contemplated, but it is admitted that circumstances may warrant the council of four in watchfully waiting without a hard and fast programme. President Wilson yesterday held a conference at the Hotel Gril? lon with the Ameriaan delegation, all of whom were present. It was announced after the meeting that many matters regarding the peace treaties had been discussed. General Pershing arrived during the conference and saw Gen? eral Bliss immediately afterward. It was inferred that they con? sidered the part to be played by America if the Germans refuse to sign the treaty. LONDON, May 21.?General John J. Pershing directed the Amer? ican liaison officer at the British War Office to express to the British government General Pershing's keen regret that the "military neces? sities of the moment'' have made a postponement of his intended visit to London compulsory. Carving Turkey Proving a Hard Task for Allies Mahometans Insist Snltun Be Left in Constantinople, and Doubt Exists U. S. Can Accept a ?Mandate PARIS, May 21 (By The Associated Press).?The Turkish problem has be? come most acute in the peace confer? ence. Various delegations are striving to find some solution for the dismem? berment of the empire which will not provoke a religious war. The United States is being looked to by the other powers as the only nation which can become the mandatary for Constantinople without the danger of precipitating another European war, but the American delegates express doubt of the willingness of the United Slates to accept the mandate, especial? ly under the conditions which the pow? ers have outlined. With the Sultan removed from Con? stantinople, the American delegates ex? pressed the belief that it might be possible for the American public to become reconciled to the mandate. However, the Indian delegation which has appeared before the council of four to plead for special consideration for the feelings of the Mahometan world, ;?s well as other Mahometans who have made statements, assert that the Sultan must not be forced out of Con? stantinople, declaring that such action would greatly affect his standing in the church. Consequently Great Brit tain is seeking to have the Sultan re? main in Constantinople as head of the Moslem faith, but with purely spirit? ual powers, It is now suggested that instead of transferring the Sultan to a strip of territory somewhere in Asia Minor that he remain in Constantinople and be allowed to exercise a degree of temporal power over some territory in Asia Minor te be selected, thus pre? serving the form of the Ottoman Em? pire. Such a plan, it is asserted, would prevent the obliteration of Turkish pre-war debts and necessitate the framing of a peace treaty with tne empire. The American commission discussed this plan yesterday, but apparently there was considerable difference of opinion among the delegates. Some feel that the United States probably would be unwilling to accept the UOu stantinople mandate under any con? ditions in the event it accepts the mandate for Armenia, which would re qusire a large number of American troops until such time as native forces could be organized and the unsettles conditions controlled. Military experts declare that Con- \ stantinople could be controlled entirely | by the navy and policed under direc- ; tion of the Marines. The probable mili- j tary force necessary to restore order in j Armenia and protect the Armenians ; from their aggressive neighbors has ' been variously estimated at from ?0,000 to 100,000. CONSTANTINOPLE, May 20.?As a i result of t!,e resignation of the Turkish. Cabinet, provoked by the Allied occu- ? pation of Smyrna, Ferid Pacha has been intrusted with the task of forming a \ new ministry. Ferid will be Grand Vizier and Foreign Minister. When you leave town this summer i I have The Tribune follow you to i your vacation home. 'Phone ! Beekman 3000, or write to Sub? scription Dept., New York I Tribune, 154 Nassau St., N. Y. C. j Silesia Rebels Against Union With Poland Monster Crowds Stand in Rain to Hear Speeches of Protest; Betrayal in Peace Ternis is Charged By William L. Dreher .Wie Vorl.- Tribune Special Cable Service ; (Copyright, 1919J New York Tribune Inc) I KATT0W1TZ. Silesia, May 21.?After j two days spent here the opportunity | has been given to observe the strength of the movement against the giving of Upper Silesia tc Poiand by the peace conference. Huge mass meetings to protest against the transfer are being held in all of the larger towns. On Sun? day The Tribune correspondent saw between 50,000 and 100,000 persons stand for hours in the cold drizzle to listen to speeches of protest, and to I watch the procession, which required two hours to pass a given point. The meeting was addressed by Herr i Loeffler, secretary of the Socialist La- . bor Unions and a member of the Na? tional Assembly. The crowd shouted ; time and time again that they never j would accept Polish rule. The correspondent attended a con-! ference yesterday where he heard rep ?csentatives of all the existing classes of the population, even including Polish workmen, oppose the proposed change in nationality. Several Polish miners expressed deep feeling. One man wept copiously while telling of the disap- ] pointment of the Polish population when they read the peace terms. One Polish miner said: "Tell Wilson we have been betrayed. We workmen demand the justice he promised us. We don't want war, but Silesian workmen will stand together, come what may. We would rather die than become Polish." Director Steinbisss of the Upper Si? lesian Railways said 38,000 laborers under him, mostly Polish, opposed at tachment to Poland. Many railway workmen did construction work in Pol- ; and during the war, he said, which gave them a very unfavorable opinion. Con? ditions there checked any wish to change their nationality, he said. Other speakers told of the great transformation in feeling among the Polish population since publication of the peace terms. It was insisted that , the Polish movement in Silesia was only an expression of discontent with conditions which now do not exist. Mayor Pohlmann, of Kattowitz, said: "We agreed to peace on Wilson's prin? ciples and the curse of the German people will follow him if he lets this injustice go through." State Commissioner Hoessing. chief government functionary here, said he sent a wireless message to Wilson protesting on behalf of the majority of the people against becoming Pol anized. He said the government will make no attack upon the Poles, but would resist any attempt by the Poles to seize Silesia before the matter bad been actually decided. He said the government had ample military forces here, but that they had been kept in reserve, back from the frontier. ?.-?..-_? House Committee to Curb Vast Navy Plan WASHINGTON, May 21.?The House Naval Affairs Committee will complete? ly rewrite the naval appropriation bill which failed at the last session, and in doing so will give no consideration to the recommendations by President Wilson and Secretary Daniels for an immense expansion of the building: pro? gramme, Chairman Thomas S. Butler announced to-day. The new bill, Mr. Butler said, will carry authorizations and appropriations for continuing the 191(1 naval building programme, which provided for the au? thorization annually of three battle? ships of the major class, with the i smnl?cr warships necessary to keep the navy well balanced. Germans D e m a n d That Wilson Com? pel Entente to Hew to His 14 Points Six Clauses in Foe's Answer Alsace - Lorraine and Colonies Are To Be Brought Up PARIS, -May 21.?The German peace delegation has been granted an exten? sion of seven days, or until May 20, in which to reply in full to the peace terms, according to an official an? nouncement. The extension was granted at the request of Count Brockdorff-Bantr.au, head of the German delegation, who stated that further notes were being prepared, and that it would be impossi? ble to complete them by 1 p. m. Thurs? day, when the time limit of fifteen days would be up. Breckdorff's Request The text of the request of the Ger? man delegation for an extension of [ lime follows: "VERSAILLES. May_2n. To hii excellency the President of the Peace Conference, M. Clemenceau; "Sir: The German peace delega? tion intends during the next few 1 days to submit communications to the allied and associated govern ? ments on the following points, which, in the eyes of the delegation, fall ; under the definition of suggestions ! of a practical nature: "First, a note concerning terri? torial question in the East: second, a note concerning Alsace-Lorraine: third, a note concerning the occupied territorier,; fourth, a note concern? ing the extent and discharge of the obligation undertaken by Germany in view of reparation; fifth, a note concerning the further practical treatment of the question of labor laws; sixth, a note concerning the treatment of German private prop? erty in enemy countries. Syllabus Being Prepared "Besides this, a syllabus is being prepared of the observations which are called for from the German gov? ernment by the draft of the treaty of peace in its detailed provisions. The problem hereby involved being in part of a very complicated nar ture, and it having been necessary to discuss then extensively with the experts in Versailles, as well as with those in Berlin, it will not be pos? sible to dispose of them within the time limit of fifteen days notified by your excellency on the seventh in? stant, although the delegation will take pain? to transmit as many not?e as possible within the limit. "Having regard to this, 1 h"?, in ?he name of the German peace dele? gation, to move that the contents of the intended notes be regarded as having already been made the sub? ject of discussion in writing, and that the requisite time be granted to us for a more detailed exposition. "Accept, sir, the assurance of my highest esteem. \ (Signed) "Brockdorff-Rantzau." To this M. Clemenceau replied as follows: "May 20, 1010. "Sir: I beg to acknowledge the re? ceipt of your letter of May 20. stat? ing thai the subjects on which the German delegation wishes to offer suggestions arc so complicated that the memoranda of the German dele? gation cannot be completed wi'hin the fifteen days granted on the Tth ir.st., and asking, in consequence, for an extension of the ' "In reply I beg to inform your ; \ cellency that the Allied and associ? ated governments arc willing to ??rant an e?:tension until Thursday, May 29." * Count von Brockdorff-Rantzau hn.?. asked permission for a special train to bring to Versailles printing p-essea and a force of workmen to hasten th? preparation of the German reply. Terms Spell Ruina The Germans Say RERLIN, May 20.?"Germany de i clines to sign the peace terms laid be? fore it because they spell the economic destruction, political dishonor and moral degradation of the entire Grr : man nation, not only for the present, ! but also for stilt unborn generations."' : vriss a statement autn. ' .sed by the Cab? inet this ttiartsing ,'.. ?.?gli 1 he As