Newspaper Page Text
ALL MERCHANDISE ADVER?
TISED IN THE TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED First to Last? the Truth Vol. LXXIX No. 20,511 [Copj-rifrht, 1916, New i'ork Tribune Inc.l TUESDAY Editorials - Advertisements airttrane WEATHER Partly cloudy to-day ana to-morrowf little change In temperature: gentle shifting winds. Fun Beport on Tag* 19 JUNE 17, 1919 5> *T? *f* *f* ?nrrt*Trvi?iIn OoamUm New Tor* and I XWO CXSTT8 l within rommotlm distance | Klsewheiw Huns Get New Treaty With a 7 "Must Pay to the Uttermost," ? Allies Demand Persons of B Day Ultimatum; 5ays Clemenceau; loodguilty Leaders U. S. Withdraws Army From Mexico American Troops Back in Barracks on Texas Side After 24-Hour Cam? paign Over Rio Grande 50 Villa Men Slain, 7 Prisoners Taken One U. S. Soldier Is Shot Through Lung; Bandits Were Pursued 35 Miles EL PASO, Tex., June 16? The Amer? ican twenty-four-hour invasion of Mex? ico is at an end. The troops which crossed the Rio Grande last night to put a stop to the firing that was caus? ing death and injury in El Paso were back in their billets on the American ?ide of the border to-night. They had broken up the battle between Villa rebels and the Carranza garrison and 'riven the rebel forces headlong out f Juarez and into the hills. Seven ragged Mexican prisoners were I rded toward the Fort Bliss stockade i y a detachment of the 5th Cavalry, hile another cavalry detachment drove herd of 100 captured Mexican ponies ? the remount station. It was unofficially stated to-night at Fort Bliss that approximately fifty ? ilia followers were killed. One American trooper of the 7th avalry, Corporal Chinas, was shot hrough the lung by a Mexican rebel. Fight Begun in Water After crossing the river during the ? light the cavalry column, supported by :? battalion of the 82d Artillery, ad .inced, and at daybreak began a scout ing tour. CaDturing the seven prison is before reaching the Villa camp, the cavalry was enabled to proceed, dis? mounted, to a point within a short dis? tance of the rebela' adobe headquar? ters, when fighting was begun by the Americans standing in water up to their knees. Four Villa men were killed in the first assault and the entire force, num? bering approximately 200 men, mount? ed and escaped toward the southwest, with the American cavalry in pursuit. The rebels scattered into small bands, the 5th Cavalry pursuing one band thirty-five mile3. In the meantime the 7th Cavalry de? ployed to the southeast and pursued another band. Troops A and C exe? cuted a mounted pistol charge from the saddle and killed a number of the rebels. The artillery placed shrapnel directly over the heads of the fleeing Villa force, and many were killed. Af? ter the pursuit the two cavalry forces formed a junction and returned to the American side of the river, accom? panied by the artillery and the 8th En? gineers. Prisoners Deny Villa Alliance The seven Mexican prisoners pro? fessed to be either farmers in the val? ley or Carranza soldiers. None would admit having been with Villa. Though the bodies of the Villa reb el?j who fell in the two days of fighting in and around Juarez still lie un buried in the suburbs, the refugees who sought safety on the American aide of the border are slowly returning to their homes. Members of General Gonzales' staff ??t?mate their casualties at 150. Fifty ?even wounded have been treated at a hospital in Juarez. There are sixty Villa prisoners at Fort Hidalgo whose fate has not yet b*en determined by the court-martial which will sit to-morrow. The America!? withdrawal was made ?n obedience to orders from Major General Cabell, commander of the Southern Department, who arrived from San Antonio early to-day and ?o?sed the international bridge for a ?inference with General Francisco Gonzalez commander of the Carranza fcoop? in. Juarez. General Cabell agreed to withdraw ??* Amerian troops as soon as he **?ld get them together. General Gohz?!??* then asked the American ?ommander if he could not have the infantry withdrawn by 10:30 a. m., *?l<h request was granted and orders ^?jr|*en by General Cabell for the Continued cm page five > ten you leave town this summer lair? Th* Tribun? follow you to jouy vacation home. 'Phone Be?km_n 3000, or write to Sub? scription Dept., New York Tribun?, IM Neftsau St, N. Y. C. 18 Airplanes Ordered To Scan Mexican Lines WASHINGTON, June 16.-?Three airplane units of six machines each have been ordered by Director of Air Service Menoher to leave Kelly and Ellington fields, Texas, im? mediately to conduct observation work along the Mexican border. N. Y. Ratifies Suffrage; Rent Bills Passed Amendment Resolution Re? ceives Unanimous Vote Except That Senator Sage i Is Excused From Voting \ Staff Correspondence \ ALBANY, June 10.?The New York Legislature, at 11:43 to-night, ratified the proposed amendment to the Fed? eral Constitution extending the vote to the women of the United States, making New York the sixth state to ratify. Not a dissenting vote was recorded. Only one of the 182 members of the two houses present failed to be re? corded. This legislator?Senator Henry M. Sage, of Albany?asked to be ex? cused from voting. The Assembly ratified first, adopting the resolution offered by Simon L. Ad? ler, of Rochester, majority leader, by a vote of 1H7 to 0. The Adler resolu? tion was then transmitted to the Sen? ate, where 44 affirmative votes were cast for it and none against. The Legislature passed four bills aimed at relieving the housing situa? tion. Two resolutions memorializing Con? gress on the housing situation also were adopted after the Governor re? fused to send in a special message certifying to the need of enactment into law of the recommendations. Would Exempt Land Bank Bonds One resolution urged Congress to exempt the 4*4 per cent bonds of the New York State Land Bank from Fed? eral taxes, excepting inheritance taxes, and the second urged tne passage of a bill according to citizens who desire to own a home the same inducements now afforded to farmers who are given long term mortgages by the Federal farm loan banks. The only votes recorded in opposi? tion to>the remedial housing legisla? tion, which, it is understood, the Gov? ernor will sign to-morrow, were cast by the two Socialists in the Assembly, Claessens and Solomon. Both houses, contrary to the expec? tations of the legislative leaders, fin? ished their work a little after mid? night. During the debate on the suffrage resolution in the Senate the Governor was assailed by the Republicans for calling the extraordinary session. His : critics declared he was moved by a desire to enhance his chances with the women voters, and that no time would have been lost had the matter! been allowed to wait until the 1920 Legislature met. No Denial by Democrats None of the Democrats attempted to deny the charges of the Republicans. Senator Loring M. Black, Democrat, of Brooklyn, attacked United States Sena? tor James W. Wadsworth, jr., declar? ing that he was more suited to rep? resent one of the anti-suffrage states than New York. "I had hoped," said Majority Leader Walters, when Senator Black finished," "that the question of politics would not be brought into the debate. But the Senator from the Sixth [Black] has a happy faculty of making partisan digs at every proposition brought be? fore the Senate. I want to say to him that had the women waited for him and his party to give the women of the United States their right to voto, they would still be waiting." Senator George F. Thompson. Re? publican, of Niagara, said the Governor was probably moved to call the extra session because he wanted the women ,to vote in the Presidential primaries next spring. Senator Sage, in asking to be excused from voting, said the Governor was moved by a spirit of gallantry. "He has played tho Sir Walter Raleigh act," said Sage, "but the cloak he has thrown for the ladies to walk over cost him nothing. The cloak is represented by tho 200 perspiring leg? islators here to-night, by tho $17,000 which this one night's session costs the taxpayers." In the Assembly the two women mem? bers, Mrs. Ida B. Sammis, Republican, Continued on p<if/e eleven it yi.it ?an ?iiv? money you ''.in Invest while you ??V?. /life tut l<ii r i I" ijliir? o( ruHiiii Payment I'lnn. ?lobfl Muir * Co., 61 U'way.? Advt, ' N. Y. Schools Almost Free Of Bolshevism Questionnaire t o Pupils of High Schools Shows Loyal Amerieanisni Pre? dominates by 300 to 1 Radicals Show Ignorance Answers Will Be Used by Authorities to Combat Spread of Red Ideals Americanism defeated Bolshevism by an overwhelming majority in the poll of high school pupils taken by the Board of Education in a question? naire submitted to students at an ex? amination Thursday. Although the results have not been fully tabulated, the early returns indi? cate, as one principal expressed it, that "the high schools of the city went American by more than three hundred to one." Principals and teachers throughout the city expressed pleased surprise at the comparatively small proportion of pupils who evinced Bolshevik leanings in their answers. They agreed that the few who openly espoused Bolshev? ism showed a remarkable lack of cor? rect information on the subject. Loyalty Course Planned While they asserted that no action will be taken against the self-con? fessed radicals, Dr. William L. Felter, principal of Girls' High School, and Dr. Gilbert J. Raynor, principal of Commercial High School, declared that these few pupils would be given especial instruction at the new course of economics to be instituted in all high schools in September. Begin? ning with the cfass of June, 1920, they announced, no pupil will be graduat? ed without having satisfactorily com? pleted at least six months' instruc? tion in this new branch of the cur? riculum. An understanding of the present economic and social system will be required of each pupil before a passing mark is given, Dr. Felter said. The interest of the inquisitors cen? tered on the response to the questions concerning the sources of information on Bolshevism. From the 2,500 papers examined at Commercial High School and from a large number marked at other schools, the following sources were most frequently cited: "The New Republic," "The Nation," "The New York Call," the Rand School of Social Science, "The Liberator," John Reed's "Communist," Albert Rhys Williams's book, "The Soviets at Work." Curb Speech** Cited A few of the pupils gave "speeches they heard at Madison Square Park" as the source of their knowledge of Bolshevism. At two schools, DeWitt Clinton and Commercial, instructors who have been dismissed for Bolshevik tendencies and preachings were cited. A number of Commercial High School students, according to Principal Ray? nor, mentioned Samuel Glassberg, the history teacher recently excluded after a public trial, as responsible for their Bolshevik leanings. The verbosity of the replies varied from that of the thirteen-year-old girl in Girls' High School who wrote across one sheet of her paper: "I think I am too young a girl to know about such things" to that of a leader of the radical element in the Boys' High School who used thirteen closely written pages to answer three ques? tions. The girl gave as her sources of information on economic problems: "My teachers and dear honored prin? cipal." The boy gave a page of as? sorted literature and personages. Principals and teachers declared ?with unanimity that the avowed Bolsheviki, the "so-called intellect? uals," are among the mediocre and poorest students. Radicals Poor Students "Out of 2,500 students in this school," said Dr. Raynor, "not more than ten papers show rabid Bolshevism, and those are the product of indif? ferent and otherwise less desirable students. The students who pay ?t tention in class show the effects of the Americanizing type of instruction given by our teachers. Few of the Continued on page nine The Scout Law V?A Scout Is Courteous He is polite to all, espe? cially to women, chil~ dren, old people and the weak and helpless. He must not take pay for being helpful or courteous. , March Urges 500,000 Army ! te League ? Senate Military Affairs Committee Asked to ! Restore Appropriation j Cut Down in the House i Points to Allied Plans Declares Britain Figures on ? 952,000 Men, Even if I Draft Is Necessary NenO York Tribune Washington Bureau WASHINGTON, June 16.?No less an army than 500,000 men will be. suffi? cient for the United States, even un? der the league of nations and even if every other nation does its part, General Peyton C. March, chief of staff, told the Senate Military Affairs Committee to-day. ? With Secretary Baker, General March was making an appeal to the committee to reverse the action of the House in reducing the appropriations for the army next year. The House action provides for an army averaging 300, 000 men. The department asked for appropriations for an average of 700, 000. General March insisted that the league of nations would not end the necessity for armies. Senators who are opposing the league declared after, the hearing that points made by the general will figure largely in the argu? ments of anti-league Senators in the debate on the Knox resolution. Offers Anti-League Points Some of the points made by General March which the league opponents ex? pect to use, and which were the out? standing points of his testimony, were: 1?Five hundred thousand men for the United States might be enough for tho United States army if all the signatories to tho league do their share. 2?Great Britain has fixed her peace army at !I52,000 men, far in excess of the old pre-war and pre league days. 3?France has fixed her army at a figure larger than that of Great Britain. 4. Italy has so far made no move toward reducing her army at all. 6. Great Britain is planning to raise her peace army by conscription, which point is relished by such Sena? tors as Borah, who have contended all along that the only way in which an army could be raised to police Europe and take part in Old World quarrels would be by conscription. After General March had told of the failure of the British to raise their army in peace-time by the volunteer system and their resort to conscrip? tion, Senator Frelinghuysen asked: "General March, have you read Arti? cle X of the league of nations cov? enant?" "500,000 Might Be Enough" "I don't recall it by number," re? plied General March with a bland smile. "Well," explained Senator Freling? huysen, 'it is the article in which we guarantee to protect the sovereignty and territorial integrity of all the nations members of the league. Is it your opinion that we will be able to do our share of that with an army of only 500,000?" If all the signatories to the league do their share, I should say 500,000 might be enough for our share," re? plied General March. At another time during the question? ing General March replied, "Ah, yes, I know," to a statement that war was go? ing to be abolished, with such dry pa? tience as to draw a laugh from most of the Senators. Secretary Baker and General March were both questioned as to the future of gas warfare. "I suspect," Mr. Baker said, "that gas warfare will be forbidden as we get more civilized. But there are two views of that subject. Some feel that gas wurlare is desirable because its objective is to knock out the man with? out killing him. Others regard it as wickedly indiscriminating in its disre? gard of the innocent bystander." Chamberlain Questions Baker "I have been informed," Senator Chamberlain replied, "that 30 per cent of the casualties sustained by the American forces in France were by gas. Also, wo have been informed that if Germany had been as fast in the de? velopment of the possibilities of war gas as we were they would have been able to decimate our army before we got started. As it was, we developed the best gas, but not in time to use it. Why should we stop it now, as you seem practically to recommend?" "I did not recommend that we should discontinue its development," declared Secretary Baker. "1 feel that we should continue its scientific develop? ment so ns to he ready to employ gas if anybody else uses it against us. It hns been tho policy of the depart? ment to absorb chemical warfare into Despi "But It Must Be Justice for All " ?Clemenceau GEORGES CLEMENCEAU, president of the peace conference, in his J reply to the German counter proposals, says: "Justice, therefore, is the only possible basis for the settlement of the accounts of this terrible war. Justice is what the German delegation asks for and says that Germany has been promised. But it must be justice for all. There must be justice for the dead and for the Wounded and for those who have been made orphans and bereaved that Europe might be free from Prussian despotism. "There must be justice for the peoples who now stagger under war debts, which exceed thirty billions, that liberty might be saved. There must be justice for those millions whose homes and lands, ships and prop? erty, German savagery has spoliated and destroyed. "That is why the Allied and associated powers have insisted, as a cardinal feature of the treaty, that Germany must undertake to make repa? ration to the very uttermost of her power, for reparation for wrongs inflicted is of the essence of justice." Changes in the Treaty Plea and Judgement The Gem?an reply and counter proposals were submitted under fifteen heads, in sub? stance as follows: General Remarks Germany insists on the fourteen points and right to verbal discussions. Contradictions Germany declares Allies' aims are imperialistic, violate all of their own definitions of justice and right and seek only to destroy Germany. Counter Proposals The League of Nations Admission on equal terms as soon as peace is signed. Period of transition during which Germany may retain forces to keep internal order before reduc? ing her army to the limit of 100,000 men. Territorial Questions On the principle of self-determination, a plebi? scite in Alsace-Lorraine and in any other case be? fore cession of territory. Protection of Germany minorities in ceded terri? tories. No cession of any part of the Saar coal distract; guarantee, of a supply of coal to France. No pledge to oppose a union with German Austria. No cession of Upper Silesia, on the ground of its being indisputably German, not Polish. Cession of only "truly Polish parts" of Posen. No cession of West or East Prussia or Dantzig. No renunciation of colones; will accept man? dates. Reparation Payment of damages to civil population in occu? pied Belgium and France; no reparation in other occupied territories. A German commission to cooperate with Allied Reparation Commission. Payment of $5,000,000,000 before May 1, 1926, and annual payments beginning May 1, 1927; total ?not to exceed $25,000,000,000. No ton for ton replacement of shipping; offer to construct over a longer period greater tonnage than Allies demanded. Commercial Property Commercial rights equal to those of other na? tions. No interference with internal railways. Internal Navigation No control of German river systems by inter? national commission; offer to open up Germany rivers to utmost extent, provided German sov? ereignty be not infringed. Penalties No trial of the ex-Kaiser by a foreign tribunal ; no surrender of persons accused of violating laws of war; a neutral tribunal to judge all violations of laws of war by whomsoever committed. The German reply and counter proposals are replied to by the Supreme Council as follows: The Victors' Retort To the reflections of the Germans, under the head of "General Remarks" and "Contradictions," the Allied and associated powers reply that "they will be false to those who have given their all to save the freedom of the world if they consent to treat the war on any other basis than as a crime against humanity and right." Final Reply The League of Nations Germany can gain admission to the league of nations, possibly "at any early date," by per? forming the terms of the peace treaty. Temporarily, during period of transition, the German army may be 200,000 men instead of 100,000. Territorial Questions No plebiscite in Alsace-Lorraine; terms of orig? inal treaty stand. Protection of German minorities in all ceded territories is guaranteed. No alteration of terms of Saar Valley arrange? ment. Plebiscite after fifteen years; meantime control rests with league of nations. German representations concerning German Austria noted. Plebiscite in Upper Silesia granted. Germany's willingness to cede "truly Polish parts of Posen" noted; Supreme Council will en? force its opinion of what are indisputably Polish populations. Some rectification of West Prussia frontier granted. Danzig to be a free city. No German colonies will be restored. Reparation Provisions of the original treaty stand. They will be interpreted in a manner to make payment thereunder as convenient as possible. Germany's desire to have a definite sum fixed as soon as pos? sible is respected. She shall have every facility to survey for herself the damage done and may submit proposals of settlement within four months after signing treaty; if within two months there? after she can agree with her creditors upon an exact sum that will suffice; if not, the terms of the treaty will be executed. Commercial Property Germany may take her proper place in interna? tional trade provided she abides by the treaty of peace and abandons her aggressive and exclusive traditions. Principles upon which treaty was drawn will stand, but modifications have been made in the economic and financial clauses, nature of these modifications not specified in summary. Internal Navigation Measures proposed in original treaty confirmed in principle; they are held to be vital to free life of inland states. However, a number of modifica? tions are granted. Penalties Within one month Allied and associated powers will submit to Germany a list of those whom it is proposed to try for violating the laws of war. the engineering and scientific depart? ment and continue its development with all vigor." Senator Chamberlain said he was not pleased with the idea of consolidating so Important a service as chemical and gas warfare with the chemical and engineering division. He thought it important enough to be a division by itself. GaaaMtl Mmob oalXad oXUalLom U the fact that reports from Paris showed I that in the treaty with Germany there had been inserted prohibitions againat importing into Germany materials for the manufacture of poison gases. "If that means anything," he said, "it means that they-are getting ready to abolish the use of gas in warfare," "Oh," retorted Senator Chamberlain, "they are also planning to abolish war over there, so we might expect to go ahead and dc?taway with our army. If you keep gas warfare under the en? gineering corns you will never get it properly developed." Senator Frelinvhuysen, of New Jer? sey, Senator New and others wanted to know whether nny aviation squadrons have been organized in this country. General March replied that they had been?on paper. He said that the gen Continued on page eight Foe Indicted As Criminal At the Bar Letter Delivered With the Text Draws List of Acts for Which Retri? bution Most Be Made rerms Softer In Some Aspects Plebiscite Granted in Up? per Silesia and Army of 200,000 Is Permitted VERSAILLES. June 16 (By The Associated Press).?The reply of ;he Allied and associated govern? ments to Germany's counter pro? posals to the peace treaty and a revised copy of the peace treaty to-night are in the hands of Count ron BrockdorfF-Rantzau, who is on ais way to Weimar, there to present to the German National Assembly the final word of the victors in the war. Few changes have been made in the revised peace treaty. The orig? inal contentions of the Attf?fli and associated powers virtually have been maintained intact. Five days was the allotted period originally fixed for the Germans to answer yea or nay to the demands of the Allies. But two days additional have been granted because of the insistence jf the German delegation that not sufficient time had been aliowed for Droper consideration of the revised ierms. This will extend the time imitation to Monday, June 23. If Germany's reply is acquiescent ;he treaty will be immediately ngned; if Germany declines to ac? cede to the demands the armistice will be automatically terminated and the Allied armed forces will :ake whatever steps they deem requisite to the occasion. Changes Made in Fexl of the Treaty The changes include: A plebiscite for upper Silesia with guarantees of coal from that territory. Frontier rectifications in West Prussia. Omission of the third zone in the Schleswig plebiscite. Temporary increase of the Ger? man army from 100,000 to 200,000 men. Declaration of the intention to submit within a month of signa? ture a list of those accused of violations of the laws and customs of war. Offer to cooperate with a Ger? man commission on reparations, and to receive suggestions for dis? charging the obligation. Certain detailed modifications in the finance, economic and ports and waterways clauses, including abolition of the purposed Kiel Canal commission. Assurance of membership in the league of nations in the early fut? ure, if Germany fuffils her obliga? tions. Civilian Rule on Rhine Not Included The omission of a provision for an Allied civilian commission to control the administration on the left bank of the Rhine from the revised treaty, it is explained, was due to the fact that, this is consid? ered as a supplementary convention between Germany and the Allied and associated powers. It was not nec? essary, therefore, to include it in the treaty. With the revised treaty, contain? ing interlineations in red ink where changes had been made in it, was a covering note, written by Premier Clemenceau, president of the peace conference. It had been impossible to reprint the treaty sn time for its presentation to-day. , The covering note severely casti? gates Gernv^y for protesting