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^tX MERCHANDISE ADVER?
TISED IN THE TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED V-.i LXXIX N i!(>,5ari First to Last? the Truth: IfopyTlnrht, 1919. New York Tribune Icc.J ?^a^a^a^_. News ? Editorials ?Eribtme Advertisement FRIDAY. JUTA' 11 1Q1Q WEATHER Fair to-dav and fair with rising tem? p?r?t urr to-morrow; utronf west winds. Foil report an pa** ??. --? ??.Un r,r???*r "New Vork *?* j T?IRrR crvT? *"" lM?? within romta.it nu di?tanr? | ' .'-mh<>r# Treaty to S eague or Break World's Heart R-34 Covers 1,000 Miles In First 15 Hours at Sea Progress So Far Reported Indicates Craft Will Make Good Estimate of 70 Hours for Journey J?m to Reach Goal Early To-morrow Strong Winds From West Speed Dirigible on Way; 80-Mile Pace Set at One Point in Trip R- 34 Radio to Tribune rpHE first newspaper dispatch to * be received from an airship on a transatlantic flight came to The Tribune last night from Second Lieutenant Rex Durrant, wireless officer of the R-34, homeward bound from New York to London. It fol? lows: "British Air Ship R-34, via Cape Race, N. F., July 10. "Tribune, N. Y. "Speeding homeward at sixty knots. Au revoir to you all. R-34 ?will never forget "kindness shown to crew. "DURRANT, R-34." WASHINGTON, July 10.?Aided by a westerly wind that sometimes reached s. velocity of nearly forty miles an hour, the British dirigible R-34 to joight was well out over the Atlantic ?n the return trip to East Fortune, Scotland, after a stay of eighty-six hours in America. The last message from the airship, ?eceived late to-day by the Navy De? partment, gave her position at that time as 650 miles due east of Bar Harbor, Me., and more than 1,000 miles from Mine?la, L. I., from which she ?tarted last midnight. The dirigible, as logged by the Navy Department throughout the day, aver ?ged more than sixty miles an hour . for the first fifteen hours of the re? turn flight, and at times the big air hbip's speed reached between seventy five and eighty milc? an hour. The dirigible thus was making better time that at any period of the flight to this ?ide of the Atlantic, and if weather wnditions remain favorable naval Wficers here believe Major G. H. Scott, commander, and members of We R-34's crew will see Briti?h shores early Saturday. Wireless Touch Maintained The first word heard from the R-34 ??er the dirigible left American shores ?hi! morning was a radio message sent ** 4 a. m., giving the ship's position ** 130 miles due cast from Long ?land. Direct communication was Maintained with the Navy Department hereafter. At 10 a. m. a message said the dirigible was then making fifty eight knots, equivalent to about siNty *ouf land miles an hour. ?-ater the R-34 signalled that the *m<J was becoming stronger and the ? ???"?gible's speed had reached eighty fcilsa an hour at times. Two messages of thanks to American ?fflcials were gent to-day by Major Scott. One to Rear Admiral J. H. Glen *on, commandant of the Third Naval ^'??trict, which includes tho Mine?la field whei-f the R-34 landed on its ar rival in this country, thanked the of? ficers and men who assisted in moor? ing the big dirigible. Another was to ?- H. Bowies, of the United States Weathtr Bureau, and tnanked him for leather reports furmsned to the dirigible. Weather Report? Valued A request, wa? sent to tho weither ??Kau late to-day that weather reports g M?t to the R-34 regularly during ' we trip to England, in order that J *he dirigible might be kept informed : rtf unfavorable weather conditions i ?hug the route. Another radio mesiage asked that ail ? ??Port? from veiseli along the path b<- ? *?g followed by the R-34 be wirelessed, j The last weath*r report ?ent to th?> ' ??34 from here to-night ?aid a ?torm ; centre over Newfoundland was moving i '??rtheact and another over Ontario , *M moving toward Newfoundland. ? ?ftrong westerly winde wer? predicted \ er the Weitem Atlantic ai far ?ait ! Continued on page eUven Speak Right Sharp to Him, Ma (Corrrl?ht. 1819. New York Tribuni- Inc.( League Hissed As 15,000 Cheer For De Valera President and Lloyd George Jeered at Irish Meeting at Madison Sq. Garden; 10,000 Unable to Enter Fifteen thousand Irish men and wom? en who hissed President Wilson, the | league of nations, Sir Douglas Haig j and every mention of England almost j as loudly as they cheered De Valera | and his associates, gathered last night in Madison Square Garden at a meet? ing held under the auspices of the United Irish Societies to greet the "president of the Irish republic." The building was filled to the roof Every seat was taken and the aisles ? were crammed. Outside, 10,000 who j had been unable to press into the hall ' shouted and sang Irish songs or lis- j tented to the roar that kept boiling up inside the Garden. Officers and Priests in Escort This uproar reached its climax'when de Valera entered, escorted by about fifty officers of the old 69th Infantry and , as many Roman Catholic priests- This : procession was led through a narrow , lane in the mass of humanity that cov- i ered the Garden floor by a score of Irish pipers, and the tunes they blew ! were no more shrill than the screams of half-hysterical women that rose j above the roar of cheers. So dense %vas the crowd on the floor that only those nearest De Valera could see him as he passed through the crowd to the platform, and the rest, stand? ing on their chairs had to be content : with a peek at the pheasant feathers in the tam o' shanters that covered the I heads of the pipers. The cheering never ; ceased nor Sinn Fein flags to wave whil? De Valera moved through the hall and after he reached the platform j it continued for seven minutes. Supreme Court Justice Daniel P. Cohalan presided, and the principal speakers were De Valera, Frank Walsh and former Governor Edward F. Dunne of Illinois, the last two members of the Irish race convention's commission sent to the peace conference to at? tempt to get n hearing for Ireland's cause. President In Hissed It was Father Francis P. Duffy, of the old Sixty-ninth Infantry, wearing the uniform of a United States army chaplain, who flrat drew hisses for the President from the audience. That was when he said: "It in not we who have injected this question of extending American pro? tection to foreign countries. Who was Continued on page nix ' Hurley Quits as Ship Board Head John B. Payne, of Rail Board, Suggested as His Probable Successor WASHINGTON, July 10.?President Wilson to-day accepted the resignation of Edward N. Hurley as chairman of the Shipping Board, effective August 1. It is understood thai Mr. Hurley will be succeeded by John Barton Payne, of Chicago, general counsel of the Rail? road Administration, whose nomination as a member of the Shipping Board was sent, to the Senate to-day. Both Mr. Hurley's letter of resigna? tion and the President's letter accept- j ing it were dated July 10. In his letter. Chairman Hurley said: "I feel that my own work has been i done. In handing you my resignation j please let me express my heartfelt ap- ! preciation of your constant, aid, coun- ? sel and sympathetic cooperation. Your leadership has been an inspiration to all who have served under you." President Wilson's letter said Mr. Hurley had "served the country with distinction in these difficult times." "No one ever served his country's interests more devotedly than you did," the I'rcsident continued, "and, person? ally, I am deeply grateful to you." Mr. Hurley after u three months' vacation will become business advisor to small manufacturers and industrial operators. He plans to have headquar? ters in Chicago. E. Marvin Underwood, of Atlanta, now solicitor for the Railroad Admin? istration, was looked upon to-day as ' the most probable successor to Mr. Payne as general counsel for the Railroad Administration. U. S. Urged to End Mexican Muddle Great Britain and France Want Order Restored and Finances Repaired WASHINGTON, July 10.?Renewed representations on the Mexican situa? tion have been made to the American government by Great Britain and France, it was learned to-day at the State Department. For several months these countries have been urging upon the United States the desirability of putting Mexico on her feet so she might resume payment on her national and other debts and afford adequate protection to foreign lives and prop? erty. British citizens are holders of a con? siderable amount of Mexican national and railway bonds, while the French have extensive investments in the banks, which, it has been charged, ?^ere lootid by the government under he guise of obtaining "loans." Skipper Saves Big Liner From Tit?nicas Fate Grampian's Captain, Seeing Collision Inevitable, Meets Berg Head On ; Side Blow Would Have Sunk Her ST. JOHN'S, N. F., July 10.-Two men were killed and two injured when the Allan liner Grampian, Montreal for Liverpool, collided with an iceberg off Cape Race last night. The steamship, with 750 passengers and a crew of 350, arrived here this morning for repairs. The killed and injured were members of the crew who were asleep in the bow of the ship when she struck. Virt? ually all the passengers were awake but, although there were more than 500 women and children aboard, there was little, excitement and no panic. That the Grampian did not suffer the fate of the Titanic, with consider? able loss of life, is believed to have been due to the decision of the cap? tain to strike the iceberg bow on instead of taking a glancing blow on the side. Iceberg Sighed T/> Late The berg, which was very large, was encountered forty-five miles off Cape Race in the early evening. When it was sighted through the fog it was too late to clear it, although the ship was proceeding slowly. The captain said he realized that a glancing blow, which would tear through the ship's side, would sink her. The course was changed and the Grampian struck the ice mountain squarely head on. The entire forepart vof the ship was smashed in above the waterline, the stem being driven back nearly forty feet. The vessel was un? damaged below the waterline, how? ever, as the portion of the berg which she struck proved to be an overhang? ing shelf. It was'fqund that the liner was tak? ing no water and she was headed here, steaming through the night against a heavy gale which caused anxiety arr?ong those aboard. When the Grampian ar? rived mariners said she was the most "berg beaten" ship that ever came to this port. Repairs will take several weeks, and it is eapected that the pas? sengers will be transshipped to an? other vessel. Passengers Not Shaken Passengers who were in the smok? ing room nt the time of the collision snid the blow was a slijrht one and that they were not stirred from their seats. The two men killed were stewards. Their bodies were caught in the mass of wreckage of the bow and had not been recovered when the Grampian came here. A steward and a stoker, who were injured by pieces of wood torn loose in the collision, were not serioimlv hurt. Wilson Gives ! His Views on ' rn Treaty issues TNo Lifting of War-Time Prohibition Til| Peace Is Proclaimed and the Germans Are Harmless Monroe Doctrine Fully Guaranteed - * Holds Two-thirds Vote of Senate Is Necessary i to Adopt Reservations j WASHINGTON, July 10? In talks ! with newspaper men in the morning , ! and Democratic Senators at the Cap- [ | itol directly after his address in the j > Senate to-day, President Wilson made ! | his position clear on several points | about which there has be<en much ; doubt, and in some instances consider- i j able conflict. Some of the more im- ' j portant were: i ! Prohibition He will not issue a proclamation I that demobilization/has been ccrnplet | ed?thus removing war-time prohibi | tion- -until the peace proclamation has i been issued, after the Senate has rati : fied the peace treaty. In addition to ; ? this, demobilization depends en ?a vera1. j circumstances, such as the necessity | for keeping a force in Germany until Rhfe has surrendered most of the huge I stock of munitions still on hand, and, ! Indeed, until h time when nobody will ? j be made nervous by the fear of Ger- j I man aggressions. | Trade with Germany All legal bars against the rosump ! tion of trade with Germany were re I moved by the action of Germany in > ? ratifying the peace treaty. The only ' S limits to trade will he imposed by the lack of sufficient ships and credits, j | This settled what seemed to be a mat- ! 1 tor of controversy between the State , ! Department and the Department of Justice. ! Reservations Reservations to the league of na- j tions covenant of the peace treaty pre- j sented a grave difficulty in that every ? \ nation joining the league would have ' ? to assent to them, and while this slow ; process was going on the United States i still would be at war with Germany. 1 Outside of holding war-time prohib?- i tion in force, no idea was given as to | what the penalty for this would be, ? since irade already is legally restored. ? - The President believes, however, that ? ? even what seem to be innocuous j amendments or reservations may cause great trouble, since it can never be j stated that other nations will view a point as this country would. There were occasions at Paris when every j ! other nation took a view opposite to j that of the American commissioners. French Treat)/ The President does not believe that | France would refuse to join the league of nations if America should reject the j treaty, providing that America and , Britain would come to her sitpport in ? j case of attack by Germany. He thinks j ? France would be cut to the heart by | ? such action, alter the long era of good ', ! feeling between the two countries. He i i was most explicit that the document j is not an "alliance," but an "agree- ; | ment," which merely provides, sub- \ j ject to the approval of the league it- ; ! self of the idea in advance, that this I ?help would be rendered-France, with-j out waiting for the league to function. , It would really only be anticipating ? league action, he believes. Article X The President be^ieve3 that the ; league would be merely a debating so- , ! cicty if Article X were eliminated. He | does not think, however, that the j league could force the United State3 ; to go to war. On the contrary, it was necessary for him, as well as for the representatives of Brazil and certain I other republics, to point out timo and ? time again that they could not pledge l their countries to go to war in ad ' vanee. The league, he believe?, ran . only propose military offensive meas - ures after th?> commercial boycott has 'been put into effect. It is because'of I the possible delay in such an instance that th? treaty with France was thought necessary. Shantung The President told Democratic Sena? tors that he expected the Japanese to fix an absolutely definite time when Continued on na.rt pay Full Text of Address WASHINGTON, -July 10.?President Wilson in presenting the peace ! treat}/ and the league of iw+ions to the Senate to-day spake as follows: /GENTLEMEN of the Senate: The treaty of peace with Ger? many was signed at Versailles on the twenty-eighth of June. I avail myself of the earliest opportunity to lay the treaty before you for ratification and to inform you with regard to the work of the conference by which that treaty was formulated. The treaty constitutes nothing less than a world settlement. It would not be possible for me either to summarize or to con? strue its manifold provisions in an address which must of neces? sity be something less than a treatise. My services and all the information I possess will be at your, disposal and at the disposal of your Committee on Foreign Re? lations at any time, either in? formally or in session, as you may prefer, and I hope that you will not hesitate to make use of them. I shall at this time, prior to your own study of the docu? ment, attempt only a general characterization of its scope and purpose. Says Senate Had Daily Report of Progress , In one sense, no doubl, there is no need that I should report to you what was attempted and done at Paris* You have been daily cognizant of what was going on there ? of the problems with which the peace, conference had to deal and of the difficulty of laying down straight lines of set? tlement anywhere on a field on which the old lines of interna? tional relationship, and the new alike followed so intricate a pat? tern and were for the most part cut so deep by historical circum? stances, which dominated action where it would have been best to ignore or reverse them. The cross currents of politics and of inter? est must have been evident to you. it would be presuming in me to attempt to explain the questions which arose or the many diverse elements that, en? tered into them. I shall attempt something less ambitious than that and more clearly suggested by my duty to report to the Con? gr?s.! the part it seemed necessary for my colleagues and me to play as the representatives of the gov? ernment of the United States. That part was dictated by the role America had played in the war and by the expectations that had been created in the minds of the peoples with whom we had associated ourselves in that great struggle. Entered War to Uphold Ideals of Democracy The United States entered th< war upon a different footing fron evei<y other nation except ou: associates, on this side of the sea We entered it, not because ou luaterial interests were directl; threatened or because any specia treaty obligations to which w were parties had been violateo but only because we saw th supremacy, and even the validity of right everywhere put in jeop ardy and free government like! to be everywhere imperilled by th intolerable aggression of a powe which respected neither right no obligation and whose very systei of government flouted the right of the citizen as against the aut< cratic authority of his governor: And in the settlements of tr peace we have soupht no specii reparation for ourselves, but onl the restoration of right and tl assurance of liberty evervwhei that the effects of the ?-ettlemei were to be felt. We entered tl war a*-, the disinterested char plons of right and we interest ourselves in the terms of the pea< In no other capacity. The hopes of the nations alii* against the Centra] Powers we at a very low ebb when our s< diers began to pour across the ?c There was ever;, where amor them, except in their stoutt spirit.", a sombre f<>re>>oding disaster. The war ended in > vernber, eight month? ago, but. y have only to recall" what w feared in m.'hummer last, fo short month- before the nvmist< to realize what it was that r I timely aid accomplished alike for their morale and their physical safety. That first, never to 1k> for | gotten action at Chateau Thierry ! had already taken place. Our re doubtable soldiers and marines had already closed the Rap the ; enemy liad succeeded in opening for their advance upon Paris had already turned the tide of battle back toward the frontiers i of France, and begun the rout ; that was to save Europe and the world. Thereafter the Germans were to be always forced back, back, were never to thrust suc? cessfully forward again. And yet there was no confident hope. French Spirit lTpheld By American Victories Anxious men and women, lead? ing spirits of France, attended the celebration of the Fourth of July last year in Paris out of generous courtesy ?with no heart for fes? tivity; little zest for hope. But they came away with something new at fheir hearts. They have themselves told us so. The mere sight of our men of their vigor, of the confidence that showed itself in every move? ment of their staiwart figuren ana every turn of their swinging march, in their steady, compre? hending eyes and easy discipline, in the indomitable air that added spirit to everything they did? made every one who saw them that memorable day ?'c:ilize that some? thing had happened that was much more thtfn a mere incident in the figh.i..;,. something very ! different from the mere arrival of : fresh troops. A great moral force ! had flung itself into the struggle. The fine physical force of those spirited non spoke of something more than bodily vigor. They curried the great ?deals of a free p-ople at their hearts and with thai vision were unconquer? able. Their very presence brought reassurance; their lighting made victory certain. Ameritfsn War Hosts Are Hu'Ieri as Crusaders Tin., were recognized as cru 3aders, and as their thousands swelled to millions their strength was sen to mean salvation. And they were fit to carry such a hope and make good the assurance it forecast. Finer men never went, into battle; and their officers were worthy of them. This is not the occasion upon which to utter a eu? logy of the. armies America sent to France, but perhaps since I am speaking .of their mission, I may speak also of the pride I shared with every American who saw or dealt with them there. They were the sort of me.". America would wish to be represented by, the sort of men every American would wish to claim as fellow countrymen and comrades in 5 great cause. They were terrible in battle and gentle and helpful out of it, remembering the moth ers and the sisters, the wives am the little children at home. The\ were free men under arms, noi forgetting their ideals of duty ir the midst of tasks of violence. am proud to have had the privi lege of being assocated with then and/ of calling myself thei: leader. But I speak now of what the meant to the men by whose sid< they fought and to the peopl with whom they mingled witl such utter simplicity, as friend who asked only to be of servie? They were for all the visible en bodiment of America. What the ; did made America and all ?hat sh stood for a living reality in th thought: not only of the peopl 1 of France, but also of tns c millions of men and wome throughout all the toiling natioi of a world standing everywhet in peril of its freedom and of tl loss of everything it h< Id dear. i dead!;/ fear that ?ti '>on?s we' never to be looser!, itl rnpes fo ever to be mock'1 and disa pointed. And the compulsion of wh they stood for was upon us wl represented Ani'-rira at the pea table. It wap our duty to see j it that every decision we to Continued on pnyf feur Five Chief Issues Not Touched On By Wilson Big Ovation When He Appears; Friend? Are Disappointed at Fail? ure to Defend Term* Chamber <?aHerir? And Floor Parked Applause at (Jone of Address Almost So?e?y Limited to Democrats; Speech Heard in Silence By Carter Field NVie Vorl. I r**u**# Warhingtrm /.'?. ?..,?. WASHINGTON. July 1<V Present Wilson, delivered his long exp ?tod add rows o"h the league of nations and the peace treaty ami submitted the treaty to the Senat? in open session to? day. When the President entered the Sen? ate chamber, escorted by ? committee of five Senators, the room was pucked as few had ever seen it. Tickets t.i the galleries hud been at ? premium for days, and even the dignity of the rows of Senatorial desks on the floor was invaded. Mouse member* crowded the margin between the desks and the wall, clambered up on the hark? of the sofas, edged into nlchM and squeezed In between Senators' <leski, sitting on the floor. Applause as He Appear? Only a row of chairs up in front of the desks, opposite to a row occupied by the Cabinet members, was left va? can!. Champ <lark and e.\ (iovei nor Yates of Illinois, coming in late, oc? cupied two of them. The rest .<>.? unoccupied, giving ;? curious coi? to the rest of the crowded chan The applause which started \< i??< n the President appeared, walking down the centre aisle with the committee was turned into a real demonstration when Representative l.'pshaw, of (Jeoi gia, let out a rebel yell and wa\ed his crutches in the air The. Republican? joined heartily in the applause which greeted the ap? pearance of the President, but the ova? tion at the end of the address thefe having been no interruptions daring its reading was conducted a.mo>-i entirely by Democrats. Three Repub? licans clapped mildly. They were Sen? ators McN'ary, Mc''umber and Kenyan. The others sat or stood silent. The laces of many Senators ami mem? bers of the. House showed, a? did their comments afterward, that they were disappointed because the President dd not discuss the questions in which tl <y were interested. Reads His Address The President spok* from the same platform where hi i his views on the leafTue ol 'hirtv months ago. He read hold? ing his typewritl ript m his left hand and :-[> g HU'ct tones. He used i hand occa? sionally to emphasize some point he was making. The treaty before him oti the Vice-President'? desk The copy was brought from Versailles per? sonally by the President. His tpeeeh required thirty-nine minutes to de? liver. Immediately after he concluded the Senate adjourned un'i1 Monday. Mr. Wilson devoted virtually all his address io d'f'ndmg th? funda? mental princifi!'- of h sag ? ' ?-a tions. With that principle al! hut two members of the Senate are virtu? ally in accord. Senators Ficed and Bore> being practically aio-e m op? posing any kind of league of nations The Pr?s den? didn't diseu'is th? five big questions '?huh are ?flitting the Senate the Monroe Doctrina, Arti? cle X. c..-.?r'! ?:' the league over im migration, the right to withdraw front 'he leagu" desj It* "''j'ction* aid '^e Shantung settlement n the pear* treaty. Be htd discused s'.me of the*e ' 'juestions With r??w>naner m< * in the morning. He diecuved ???>ree of them later In the I'res.d'V'? ro w?ti a gro'if of liemocratic Senator? >nd At? torney (?enera! Palmei Ru* n h a speech he said nothing abnut ? Another surprise am?ng Mr W ? -'* friend* in the Senate was caused h? the fact.that he did not talk *">> the man ?-ho has been lead*.g the P -esi den?'? fipVt .? IV, 4#ntt# ^. il. ear"*