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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, August 04, 1919, Image 1

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^J*^ First tn T.i
First to Last?the Truth: News ? Editorials Advertisements
Fair and warmer to-day; to-morrow
partly cloudy, probably '?bunder
storms; gentle, variable
Full Report on ra*e 1?
Vol. LXXIX No, 20,559
[Copyright, 1919,
New York Tribune Inr.J
* * *
TTTft rrvT? ? r' Greater New York mm!
TWO CE.>TSiw|f!l|n commutlnit dlManc*
2d Regulars Home;
Division to Parade
In N. Y. This Week
Var Department Orders
Full Review Here of
Heroes of Belleau Wood ;
and Chateau Thierry
Leatherneck Yell
Greets Welcomersi
ThousandsGingiiigtoRig- ;
ging of Transport Cheer
as Leaders Leave Ship
Nine thon sand officers and men,
romposing the first units of the vet?
eran 2d Division, ?with more than !
i thousand "devil docs" of the Fifth i
{Urines, armed yesterday on the?
?ransports George Washington at Ho- ?
bekea and trie Santa Clara, docking at
.t army hase in Brooklyn.
The George Washington carried 8,
"?9 officers and men of the famous
'Indian" division. This outfit suffered
the heaviest casualties of the Ameri?
can Expeditionary Force; was prac
i'.cally the first to fight and among
(in last to leave; engaged 39 Ger
ran divisions from Verdun to the
Meuse-Argon ne and made the historic
n.areh to the Rhine as part of the
tnny of occupation.
Commanded by Major General John A.
I.r Jeune, of the United States Marine
lores, the division thnt -won 3,400
?iiations and captured more than 12,000
tli.rman prisoners, has been ordered by
tie Secretary of War to parade as a
unit in New "^ ork City as soon as the
?.her regiments arrive. The parade
trobably trill be late this week.
Want to Show New York
General Le Jeune said on his arrival:
'Ye will be jrlad to parade. We have
raded all over Europe, and now we
?_ ready : > show our real parade to
? ? v.' York. We'll show thorn what the
urines anil the 2d Division are made
:', and it will be the best parade we
.ive ever marched in."
Potr.-i below decks the question of a
'arade was put up to the men. "All
t'rose who Kvant to parade answer
Tes,'" said |m officer.
N'ot a voice answered in favor of the
fVftm. Then suddenly the whole
crowd let out a loud shout of "No! Let
01 go home!" Another officer in au?
thority said: "Men, 1 am sure that the
general want" you to parade.''
"Then it's O K to the general," they
nuwered. "if the old man wants any
tiling we're there for him. Tell the
New Yorkers that there'll he a parade,
and it'll be a humdinger, too."
Subsequently it was announced that
'he men had decided to go without fur?
loughs fir anything that was necessary
'.o please General Le Jeune.
* Other Units En Koute
Brigadier General George I?. Mc
Manus, in charge of troop movements
st the port el embarkation, said other
Units o? the Second Division are ar?
riving on the Finland, Ryndam, Wil
lielmina, Leviathan, Julia Luckenbach,
Santa Paula and Virginian. The Vir
fininan was scheduled to put in at
Newport News, but was ordered to
change her course and make for New
York, arriving last night. The last
of the division will arrive here on the
Leviathan a,id the Wilhelmina. the last
to leave Brest. The only unit left
behind is the 1st Field Battalion, which
i? still on the Rhine.
The George Washington carried her
maximum load of troops. They were
crowded on decks and rails and stanch?
ions when the ship neared the dock.
Hundreds of visitors awaited outside
the pier inclosure at Hoboken, and
cheered h welcome to the marines.
Major General George Barnett, com?
mander of the United States Marine
Corps, t'aptam Charles I. .Murray and
Lieutenant Colonel H. L. Roosevelt
boarded the ship at Quarantine. Major
General David C. Shanks and Rear ad?
jurai Glennon, commandant of the
Third Naval District, were the first to
lotet the division officers at th? pier.
The Leatherneck Yell
General Le Jeune and General Bar?
rett walk, ?1 down the gangplank first.
M the sight of their commanders thou?
sands of hardy marines waved their
(Jaunty caps and gave the famous
leatherneck" yell of "Ye-e-o-u," and
?JPt it up until the generals passed out
o* sight under the nier inclosure.
The marines on board want it known
that the division was a united service
"lit, composed of men of the regular
'rm>". the Marine Corps, the navy and
toast Artillery Corps, most of them
?eing emergency volunteers.
Captain Walter G. Long, U. S. A.,
outlined the record of the division,
*'hich started on the Verdun sector
>? March, 1017. They blocked the Ger?
man advance at Chateau Thierry in the
?tmo-js drive during May, June and
JOly, then entered the Soisson offensive
wnng the bitter fighting of July 18
?id 20. Subsequent engagements which
*ePt the division under (ire almost
?Wil the last day of the war carried
?to the Marbache sector, the St.
?Une! offensive, the Champagne offen
aive ami finally in the bb.ody conflict
? the Meuse-Argonne from October
'?to November 11.
re?r days after the armistice was
Kntd the division began a memorable
llr ?'< to the Rhine, receiving ovations
?W'K the line from liberated towns
at* it*68, vntil they bccame a unit
a? rle "nited States army of occupation
?n December I. 191b.
Height of Achievement
While the Indian division attained
9 most popular achievement at
gateau Thierry, the fighting in the
'?ainpajjrie, at Blanc Mont Ridge, was
?acrihed by General Le Jeune in this
*y; "To be able to say when this
.nfi I? fini3hed, '1 belonged to the Sec
??o Division. -I fought with it at the
th v0f Munl Blanc Rid6e>' wiH bo
?? highest honor that can come to
*n? man."
on ^ian head divisional insignia
tad* *nite star background, in colors
^?napes varying according to the
Continued on next page
What 2d Regulars
Did While in France
4 MONO the first to fight and last
"-"*? to leave.
Engaged thirty-nine German dlvi- I
sions in seven sectors.
Stopped German advance at Ch?- i
teau Thierry.
Captured 238 officers and 11,738 :
Captured 343 artillery pieces and
1,350 machine guns.
Total advance into enemy line, 62
3,500 officers and men cited, 646 j
with Distinguished Service crosses.
Casualties highest in A. E, F.
~~~ ' |
Doors of Club
Swing Shut on
Black Prince!
General Topakyan, Persian |
Consul, Declares Nadao, j
Abyssinian, Was Excluded
From Democratic Rooms
Prince Dedjazmatch Nadao, said by
royal genealogists to be a direct de- !
scendant of King Solomon and the
Queen of Sheba, came all the way from
Abyssinia to congratulate the United
States government on its success in ;
carrying democracy into darkest Eu- <
rope. But he may sail away from ;
American shores this morning with a |
changed idea of American democracy.
The prince, fellow' members of his
commission from the ruling Empress of
Abyssinia, Waizeru Zauditu, and his i
retinue, looked within the shaded en- j
trance of that most democratic of ?
clubs, the National Democratic Club,
last evening?but got no further.
The royal visitor was to have been
the guest of honor at a farewell din?
ner at the Democratic club, but he was
compelled, instead, to bid farewell to |
America from the roof of the Ritz- I
Carlton Hotel.
Statements Differ Widely
There are conflicting statements con?
cerning the enforced change of plans
as many as there were persons in?
volved. Representatives of the Demo?
cratic organization say it was all a
mistake and that the prince and his
party might have dined there had they
But General H. H. Topakyan, consul
general from Persia and host at the |
dinner, insists that the commission [
and its royal head were, excluded
from the club because their skins are
black. Moreover, Captain Paul Rex
Morrissey, official host to the commis?
sion while in this country, indignantly
announced that he would report the
action of the club to President Wilson.
The social error that is charged to
the National Democratic Club had its
genesis yesterday afternoon, when Gen?
eral Topakyan, who was showing the
commission the sights of the city from
motor cars, decided to purchase his
favorite brand of cigarettes for them
at the Democratic Club rooms. The cars
drew up before the clubrooms in Fifth
Avenue and the general alighted:
"This is where we are to dine to?
night," he said to the prince.
Just what happened next is open to
question. Stories differ. But General
Topakyan, who speaks with emphasis
and considerable heat of the occur?
rences in the club, says he was ap?
proached by a club member named
Shayne, who, having glimpsed the black
silk robes and the ebony skins of the
occupants of the automobiles, asked
if they were to dine at the club.
"Yes, they'll be guests at the club
to-night," answered the general.
"But?but they're not white! We'll
not have black men eating here," the
indignant member is quoted as saying.
John Htnes, superintendent of the
club, was called into conference. The
superintendent, after surveying the
automobiles from behind drawn cur?
tains, is declared to have supported
the protest of the club member and
said that the men were far too black
for the Democratic Club.
"But do you know who these gentle?
men are? Do you know that they have
been entertained by President Wilson?
Do you know"
General Topakyan had several more
queries on his tongue, but suddenly dis?
covered the futility of argument. At
any rate, he says that was the case. So
he left the club.
Republican Club Visited
Next he went to the Republican
Club, of which he also is a member.
As the consul general of a friendly
nation he always has been given a
hearty welcome at the club, and he
felt sure his guests would be likewise
welcomed, especially since they had
but recently been the honored guests
at the White House.
"Why, certainly," said the house
manager; "we'll be delighted to ar
i range the dinner."
Then General Topakyan looked
1 about the club, glimpsed several mem
| bers sitting at ease in the offing, and
began to question the possibilities of
I another unpleasant incident.
"I think I'll call up the Ritz. They'd
I probably enjoy that more, anyway," he
At the Democratic* Club head?
quarters nobody could be fotind who
would admit that anything un?
scheduled had occurred.
"Why no," said Superintendent
Ilines over the telephone. "It must be
all a mistake. There was to have
! been no such dinner here. I am sure
I would have known about it."
And W. B. Shayne, the club raem
: ber, whom General Topakyan credited
| with the original complaint, insisted
I that he knew of no such complaint. In
i fact he said he had been, invited by
the general to attend the dinner.
"And here I am waiting to go. I
wonder why he doesn't call for me,"
he said as 8 o'clock found him, pre- !
sumably, dinnerless. I
Newburger to
Run; Murphy
Rule Menaced
Justice Anuounces Accept- !
anee of Republican De?- !
ignation, but Won't Go j
IntoDemocraticPrimary |
Gov. Smith Picked
To Boss Tammanyj
Leaders Say Change Is
Certain if Ticket Is
Beaten, as They Expect
.Supreme Court Justice Joseph K.
Newburger, turned down fo" renominu
tion by Charles F. Murphy, leader of
Tammany Hall, announced yesterday
that he would be a candidate to suc?
ceed himself.
Tammany leaders, when they Isarned
of Justice Newburger's decision, frank?
ly admitted the situation now meant
the. defeat of at least the better part of
the Tammany judiciary ticket an?! the
possible loss of the presidency of the
Board of Aldermen. Sevornl men of
prominence in Tammany Hall said the
responsibility would be Mr. Murphy's
and that defeat of the ticket would
mean his retirement. Two said they
would not be surprised if Mr. Murphy
resigned in favor of Governor Smith.
There is a strong sentiment in Tam?
many Hall for the replacing of Mr.
Murphy with Governor Smith, and it is
known that the Governor on several oc?
casions recently has differed w?th Mr.
Murphy on matters of policy.
It is said Governor Smith did not
know after the Tammany ?'ate was
made up last Monday nigh', why Mr.
Murphy selected Irwin L'ntermyer, sou
of Samuel Untermyer, in place of Jus?
tice Newburger, and it is eIbo known
that he expressed surprise at other so
loctions. Mr. Murphy made.
Murphy's Persuasion Fails.
Mr. Murphy tried his best to prevent
Justice Newburger from running. He
sent three emissaries to Plattsburg,
where Justice Newburger is spending
his vacation, in an attempt to obtain
Justice Newburger's promise that he
would not be a candidate.
Early yesterday word reached
Tammany that Justice. Newburger had
turned a deaf ear to tho Fourteenth
Street envoys, and a few hours later
Justice Newburger's statement came
over the telegraph wires.
In it Justice Newburger made it
plain that he would not full into the
trap of being a candidate in the Demo?
cratic primaries, and said be would
accept the Republican designation and
was-willing to tun on an independent
ticket and accept other support.
Support will not be lacking, as
prominent Democrats are now plan?
ning to form a party to consist of
men and women of their political
persuasion who do not care for Mr.
Murphy's way of running things.
Justice Newburger's Position.
Justice Ncwburger's statement fol?
"After twenty-nine years of service
on the bench, Tammany Hall refused
to designate me as a candidate for re?
election, though the Republican party
had previously thereto so designated
me. Some statements have appeared
in the press with regard to my age and
health that require correction. It has
been stated that I am sixty-eight years
of age and therefore would be entitled
to serve only two years. This is an
error. I was born in 1853. So far as
my health is concerned, I am thankful
to the Almighty' that 1 have enjoyed
as a rule good health, as is evidenced
by the fact that during my twen?
ty-nine years of service 1 have not
been absent from duty twenty-nine
days when the courts were in session,
I am now in excellent health.
"What prompted my rejection is be?
yond my conception, except the state?
ments made that 1 have been on the
bench long enough and must give way
to others. It ill becomes me to speak
of the character of my work. The Ses?
sions of New York, the New York
County Lawyers' Association, the Bar
Association of The Bronx, the Associa?
tion of Women Lawyers, approving my
services, speak for it.
"It has hitherto been the custom to
reward judicial candidates for efficient
and meritorious services.
"Both political parties have adopted
the principle that so far as the ju?
diciary is concerned, independence, in?
tegrity, efficiency and knowledge of the
law should alone be recognized. All
else has no place in the administration
of justice and the law.
"This principle has been applied in
various instances, regardless of the age
j of the candidate, even by Tammany
| Hall. Among other instances that I
| recall are Justice Gildersleeve, who
? was renominated at the age of sixty
| five; Mr. Chief Justice Bartlett, of the
Court of Appeals, at the age of sixty
eight; Mr. Justice Finch, of the
Court of Appeals, at the age of sixty
j "What prompted those in control of
j Tammany Hall to discard this custom
at this time I am at a loss to answer,
The situation presented is a serious
one. A vital principle is involved. My
own personal interests cut no figure
in this contest. I owe it to the vari?
ous bar associations, to the many citi?
zens who have urged me to stand for
principle, to become a candidate for
reelection. 1 accept the designat'on of
the Republican party and am willing tc
?run on an independent ticket and ac?
cept the support of other organizations
that may support me in this -jntest,
I decline, however, to become a candi?
date in the coming Democratic primary
Tammany leaders recalled last night
that Richard Croker's downfall as bos?
of Tammany dated from the summer
of 1898, when he refused a renomina?
tion to Supreme Court Justice Joseph
F. Daly. Mr. Croker was displeased
with some of Justice Daly's decision;-.
m .
Police Barracks in
Ireland Besieged
LONDON, Aug. 3.?A party consisting
of from twenty to thirty men this
morning attacked the Broadford polio}
barracks in East Clare, Ireland, ac?
cording to a Central News dispatch
from Lnnis, capital of County Clare.
The dispatch added that a brisk tire
was maintained upon the barracks for
more than an hour, with the police
answering it. A constab e named O'Sul- ?
livan was slightly wounded.
Billion U. S.
Air Service
Left to Rust
Indifference of Congress
and Demobilization Are
Putting Flying Here j
Back on Dream Basis ?
England Rapidly
Taking World Lead ;
All of Menoher's Plans!
Shelved and America ?
Stands at 1917 Again
By Theodore M. Knappen
WASHINGTON, Aug. 3.?The United j
States spent $1,200,000,000 on aviation
during the war. To-day it would be
hard put to it to place an adequate air
contingent in the field for such a job,
say, as pacifying Mexico. Army avia
tion officers bitterly and ruefully admit !
that this is the present sad state of j
military aviation in the United States.
The navy is not much better off. This j
condition is attributed to two causes?
rapid demobilization and the failure of
Congress to make sufficient appropria?
As the United States had only about
two dozen military fliers when the war j
with Germany began, by far the larger j
part of the personnel were volunteers |
and selective service men. Most of j
these men were anxious to get back to ?
civil life, and the enforced reduction of
the army to 225.000 men made it neces- !
sary to retire them rapidly. Those who
wished to remain could not be placed
or could not see any inducement; in ?
view of the economizing attitudo of
Force To Be 12,500
Scaling down the army to a peace !
basis of 225,000 men would cut the.
number of officers in the air service to
230 by September 30. About all of that, j
small number is required for admin- i
istrative duties, leaving practically no j
flying officers for field work. Recently
Congress authorized an increase of the
total number of officers for thu c^r- i
rent fiscal year to 18,000. This will I
permit the air service to retain about ?
1,500 officers. The number of enlisted ;
men will be about 11,000, that being as
many as the. general staff feel3 that it l
can allot to the air service, nnd is !
ahout the limit the service can use i
under its appropriation of $25,000,000. |
The servico is fully as much crippled
by the disintegration of the enlisted !
forco as it is by the retirement of offi?
cers. It has recently taken in about
8,000 men, mostly green, who have to
be long and laboriously trained,
f imultaneously with the passing of
nearly 200,000 trained men back to
civil life. England plans to maintain
its forces at a present strength of
about 110,000, and a permanent cstaD- I
iishment of about 00,000.
Dreams, but Not Plans
Under existing conditions the United
States army air service may have
dreams, but it has no plans. The ap?
propriation of $25,000,000 for all pur?
poses except pay will not permit of the
purchase of a single airship or 'plane.
There will be no army patronage for
the American aircraft industry. An
Continued on next, page
U. S. May Revive Food Control
To Cut Living Cost; Cabinet Plan
To Be Given Wilson To-morrow
Of Dynamiters
Hurt by Bomb
Los Angeles Attorney and
Wife Seriously Injured,
Home Burned ; Revenge
Motive, Police Believe
LOS ANGELES, Aug. 3.?Revenge for
the part he played in the prosecution
of a group of dynamiters at Indian?
apolis several years ago was assigned
by the police here as the probable mo?
tive for an attempt on the life of Oscar
Lawler, former Assistant Attorney
General of the United States, to-day.
Mr. Lawler's home was practically de?
stroyed by a bomb and subsequent fire
here early to-day, and he and Mrs.
Lawler were both seriously burned and
otherwise injured.
A. nation-wide search has been
started for an ex-convict who recently
finished a term for a dynamiting, for
which he was prosecuted by Mr. Law?
ler. The man is known to be identified
with the Reds in Chicago. While the
police believe this man probably did
the actual work of placing the bomb,
tiie idea that he is an agent of a ter?
rorist group, which did the planning of
the outrage, is strongly entertained.
A thorough investigation by city,
county, state and Federal authorities
led to the belief that the bomb was
placed between two five-gallon cans
filled with gasolene, or some other
highly inflammable liquid. Experts
working on the case found fragments
of the bomb sufficient to recon?
struct it.
Explosive in Iron Pipe
They said it was made of a piece ol
iron pipe about ten inches high and
six inches in diameter. Two disks oi
metal had been placed as ends, appar?
ently held in place by two bolts passing
through both ends and the pipe itself
They also found the two five-gallor
cans that had contained liquid.
The Lawler home was a large bricl
and frame structure in the fashionable
Wilshire district, in the west part o!
the city.
Mr. and Mrs. Lawler were sleeping
on a porch in the south side of the
house, opening from a second flooi
room and screened from the street bj
an angle of the building.
When the explosion came a sheet o
flame rushed up the side, of the house
directly below the porch occupied bj
the Lawlers, and cut off escape towarc
the outside. Mr. Lawler and his wif<
went into the house and tried to makt
their way to their son. They were cu
off by smoke and flam';. Mrs. Lawle:
fainted. Mr. Lawler carried lie;
through flames to the front of tin
house and dropped her to an awnini
over the front window, whence sh
Continued on page three
Complete Railroad Tieup
Predicted by Union Head
CHICAGO, Aug. 3.?A complete tie-,
up of the railroads of the country is
very probable, in the opinion of M. L.
Hawver, president of the Chicago Dis?
trict Council of the Federated Railway
Shopmen's Union, which called a strike
of shop crafts Friday. He returned
from Washington to-day and declared
the strike is spreading and the unrest
among railway workers is so general
that the movement has overwhelmed
the international officers of the various
unions involved.
Advices to-day from Cleveland were
that the executive board of the Amer?
ican Federation of Railway Workers,
with a membership of 26,000, chiefly
unskilled labor in Cleveland and the
East, had decided to strike to-morrow,
according to Mr. Hawver. The Main?
tenance of Waymen's Union also is
preparing to strike, it was said.
Predicts Crippling of Transport
With more than 250,000 shopmen on
strike and the number increasing, both
President Hawver and Secretary John
D. Saunders declared railroad sched?
ules and industry would be seriously
crippled within .?. day or two. Already
steel mills and other industries at
Gary and other Northern Indiana
points, and in Chicago, have begun tc
feel the effects of the strike, accord?
ing to union leaders, and when the
strike is more complete factories and
mills virtually will be forced to close
for lack of ore, coal and other essen
"This movement is spreading like
wildfire, and we are not going to lay
down until we get our demands," said
| President Hawver. "It has not re?
ceived the indorsement of i,ur grand
lodge presidents, although they now
are getting ready for a strike August
24. But we arc going ahead and are
receiving many messages telling of
more men out or to go out.
"The seriousness of the situation
seems to be better understood in the
East than out here.
Committee Meets Hines
"In Washington the executive com?
mit tee has been repudiated, and the en?
tire grievance committee of seventy
fight members, representing all rail?
way workers, has been negotiating with
the railroad administration. Director
General Hines, while stating that he is
.favorable toward the workers, has said
there are only two ways to meet our de
| niands a Congressional appropriation
or increased freight rates.
"More and more it appears to be that
: a complete tie-up of the roads will be
, the outcome."
Additions to the strike of shopmen
reported to-day by Secretary Saun
ders were the Illinois ('entrai shops
tit Memphis and Kankakee, Lake Er e
& Western, whole system, Wabash,
i whole system and Indian Harbor Belt
! Line, all out.
Advices stated, according to the
i Secretary, that all men on the Chicago
& Western Indiana and the Iron
Range lines will go out at 10 a. m. to?
morrow, and those of all roads enter
ing Indianapolis would strike Tuesday.
Britain May Cede
West Indies to U. S.
Said To Be Advocating
Transfer in Part Pay?
ment of War Debt
LONDON, Aug. 3.?"The National
News" says a suggestion that the
British West Indies be ceded to the
United States in part payment of Great
Britain's war debt is being considered
seriously on both sides of the Atlantic.
New York Tribune
Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, Aug. 3. "1 have
; never heard of the matter," Mr. Lan?
sing said, when told of the London re?
port that the acquisition by the United
States of the .West Indies was being
seriously considered on both .sides of the
' Mr. Lansing said he could neither
deny the report nor confirm it, as he
. had never heard of the reported nego
' tiations.
The Gentleman From Iowa Changes the Subject
?co?OrtslH, 1919, Nr? York Tribun* lit'
^Quake Shakes
U. S. Fleet Off
Mexican Coast
Six Dreadnoughts Tremble
From Double Shock Felt
20 Miles From State of
Colima ; None Damaged j
Aug. 2 (Delayed) (By Wireless to The
Associated Press). Six dreadnoughts of
the Pacific fleet were shaken severely
by a double earthquake shock at 4:1e
o'clock this afternoon twenty miles off
the coast of the State of Colima, Mex?
ico. None of the warships reported i
any damage.
The New Mexico trembled from bow
to stern, as if she had struck an tin- ]
charted reef, and the navigating of- j
tier sounded "collision quarters" on
the flagship's siren. Sailors in the
for stop said the basket mast i of the
wai ships swayed like poplar trees in a
Officers on the quarterdeck hurried
to their posts and the crew and the
marines took their places. Meanwhile
all watertight compartments were
closed and inspection parties wer-: sent
into the holds to see if there ha?l been
any damage to the hull.
Rodman Senses Cause
Admiral Hugh Rodman, commanding
the fleet, quickly recognized the causo
of the disturbance. "It's an earth?
quake." he said. "We are right off the
coast of Colima, where there are many
earthquakes." Then, turning to Com?
mander Brainard, he ordered:
"Signal all shins in the fleet and see
it" they felt any excessive vibration."
Wireless telephone messages were
received soon from the live other
dreadnoughts reporting that they felt
the shocks. The Mississippi, which
was further off sTiorc, reported heavy
"Just what i thought ? an earth?
quake," Admiral Rodman said.
When the first tremor of the ship
was felt, those below hurried on deck.
The faces of some of the recruits
showed alarm, as the men stood at
quarters awaiting orders, while the
flag-hip rolled and nitched in the heavy
ground swells that followed the shocks.
Admiral Calm During Excitement
Admiral Rodman kept the crew at
quarters for fifteen minutes and then
ordered the "secure signal" to be
soul ded. He took the whole incident
fis if it were a matter Q? routine, giv?
ing his orders quietly on the quarter
deck wh.'.e officers and men were run?
ning to their posts in the tense excite
ment of the first few moments.
One of the officers reported that he
believed the earthquake came from an
old crater in the Sit-rra Mountains,
which fringe the. coast ?me near here,
dropping off into the sea.
Not Felt on Seismograph
WASHINGTON, Aug. 3.?The double
earthquake shock, which a dispatch to?
day from the battleship New Mexico
said severely shook the six dread?
noughts of the Racitic fleet iate Satur?
day off the Mexican coast, was not
recorded by the seismograph at George?
town University.
The shock. Director Tondorf, of the
sesimoiogical observatory, said un?
doubtedly was due to a tidal wave
which may have had its origin in vol?
ca.-: ic action of some kind on the bed
of the Pacific Ocean, a heavy wind or
a minor earth tremor in the vicinity of
the battleships.
"Plane Crashes Inlo Crowd
On Take-Off; Kills a Girl
AMES, li.'wa, Aug. 3.?An airplane
piloted by Lieutenant Walter Harriman
failed to rise on the take-off to-day
and clashed into a crowd of spectators,
killing a six-year-old girl, probably
fatally injuring another child and
i slightly injuring several other p?r?on&.
Stamping of Production
Costs on All Articles
and Licensing System
Expected To Be Urged
Coal Price Fixing
Likely To Be Asked
Reduction of Circulation
of Currency and Lower
Wheat Price Suggested
jv>tr York Tnbun* ?
Washington Bvreau
WASHINGTON, Aug. 3.?The Cabi?
net committee that is wrestling with
the cost of living oroblem is due to re?
port to the President on Tuesday. It
is conjectured that this committee, at
the suggestion of Attorney General
Palmer, will advise the revival of the
food administration with greater pow?
ers than it had during the war. Among
the other proposals may be the follow?
To make it compulsory to stamp
production costs on all articles, thuc
making it evident to all purchasers
what proportion of the retail price
goes for distribution charges and
To pooi and fixe the price of coal.
To put all food dealers under a
licensing and inspection system. .
To reduce the currency circulation.
To sell at a lower price the wheat
which the government may have to
purchase at $2.26 a bushel under the
terms of its guarantee, thus reducing
the cos? ?if flour and bread. (This
proposal, however, is considered of
doubtful value in view of the possi
hiiit that wheat may bring more in
the open market than the govern?
ment price.)
Mountains of Data Computed
Various government, information and
statistical agencies are busiiy at worti
compiling data for the President and
| Congress. The Department of Agri
I culture is preparing to show, by elabo
I rate ?gures, that the farmers are not
j the profiteers^ It is ready to compare
j producers' prices and retail statiist cs,
and will do its best to show that wages
have only kept in line with living
costs, if that. The Federal Trade Com?
mission is mobilizing the mountainous
data it has collected from time to time
regarding the production costs of
scores of different primary products.
While most members of Congres;?
fee] the problem of prices is beyond
legislative solution, all agree that ?n
the ?face of a situation which threat?
ens to result itt chaos some action
must be taken. Whatever the measures
finally taken, they think thut he ch%f
benefit will be from the incidental
publicity. They believe public opinion,
acting on the agencies of production
and distribution in the light oi facts
of costs and pronts all along the line,
may bring some results. They look- for
j no fundamental relief until the cotin
! try goes through a painful process of
j deflation.
Seek New Price Level
Deflation might be a\oided if only
; some way could be found, ?.hey say, to
stop the ever-advancing pnce tendene;.,
so that a new permanent level of prices
'could be established. But with sue"
an insistent demand for increase?!
wages as the railroad employes are
now putting forward. Congress sees it
self in the awkward position of having
to give another turn to the "vicious
circle" at the same time that it is con?
sidering means of checking its progress.
The difficulties of dealing sanely with
the subject are increased by the injec
! tion of partisan politics into its con?
sideration. The Democrats charged
that the Republicans started the polit?
ical capital ball a-rolling by passing a
resolution requesting the War Depart
: ment to distribute army foods directly
to the consuming public'. The Kepub
. licans charge that the President played
politics by calling Congress off from
ts vacation and putting up to it the
Interlocked price and railway-wage
Indications are that by way of coun
| ter attack the Republicans in Congress
; will this week make an effort to put.
i the responsibility for high prices on
| the Administration.
Reckless Use of Funds
If this attack should be made it will
endeavor to show that the reckle- us?
i of public funds during the war, which
; permitted high prices and enormous
. profits on all the government bought
? or built and granted demands for A'age
: increases with a free hand, start'.! the
i rolling ball of ever increasing co?ts
I that has now gathered such a mo
! mentum that there seems to be no
j way of stopping it until it breaks up
i in a general industrial smash.
Four Democratic Senators. Thomaa,
! Myers, Kirby and McKellar, have al
! ready laid the responsibility -it the
? Administration's own door. Thti Ad
j ministration is charged with elevating
j wages out of all relation to produc
j tion, with unnecessarily increasing the
' price of all wheatstuffs and with bo is -
: ing the price of coal, through polici' s
\ adopted during the war.
Through the War Labor Board an?i
' the dozens of wage adjustment board:
i of all kinds that it kept busy grantin(
; all sorts of wage demands it is charge?
? with the responsibili.y of in?atinf
1 wages. The railroad administration
; in particular, is charged with thi.<
; offence, some critics even going so fa
j as to say that the sweeping wa,-(
; advances granted by Mr. McAdoo ai
; soon as he got control of the railway:
j is the chief source of the -.?.bole streati
of inflation.
Hoover and Garfield Blamed
Herbert Hoover and Dr. Garrie'.c
| along with the War Labor Board, ui
! pictured as able supporters of Mi
McAdoo in stirring up the ma
! stampede that now involves everybod
j and everything.
In the meautirae, there is a di:

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