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ADVERTISED IN THE TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED First to Last-the Truth: News - Editorials^Adv^^,^?nts tftrttnm WEATHER Generally fair to-day and to-morrow; not much change in tempera? ture; gentle south winds Full Import on Page 16 Vol. LXXIX No. 26,560 [Copyright. 1919, New York Tribune Inc.J TUESDAY, AUGUST 5, 1919 * * * TWO CENTS <?.l Greater >>w York and ?within commuting distance THREE CENTS Klwwhfr? Labor Asks Federal Ownership of Basic Industries; un Again'; ailmen Threaten Tie-up fSo Roads Can inet ? a Bushel Wilson Not In Hurry foi Treaty Vot e Believes Delay Enhances Chances of Victory in Fight for Ratification Without Reservations Opposition Equally Sure of Winning Administration Perturbed Over New Sentiment in Missouri and Illinois By Carter Field Sew York Tribuno Washington Bureau WASHINGTON, Aug. 4.?President Wilson is in no hurrv for a vote on the peace treaty in the Senate. It was ?earned to d ly that the President be? lieves everj week that has passed has added to the strength in the Senate of those who favor ratification without amendment or reservation, and as a re? sult he is perfectly willing to let the league be sidetracked for a high cost of living debate, or anything else which would delay the vote without placing ilia responsibility for the deTay squarely on him. This was indicated to-day by two Administration leaders, sometime spoken of as rivals. Buith? anti-league Senators are just j as ?irmly convinced that time is work- ' ing in th-'-'ir favor. Senator Borah, of (he Irreconcilablcs, believes the league can be beaten altogether i ' enough time is permitted to elapse. Senator Moses, who would also shed few tears if the whole treaty wer?; beaten, said to-day i ught every week added to the ' f the opposition. Administration Leader Hitchcock toiced the reverse opinion?that the delay is working in favor of ratifica? tion without reservations. Asked if Hie President believed this and for that reason was withholding the data ifhich the Foreign Relations Commit? tee had requested, Mr. Hitchcock smilinp!;. ?.?..plied that it was no doubt a great task to gather this data to? gether foi the Senate, but said both he and the President agreed that time had been working on their side. Missouri Against League Some evidence developed to-day that we Republicans are right and the Ad? ministra', on leaders wrong in this iharp d fl rence of opinion. Senator Spencer, of Missouri, who was origi? nally strong for the league but . who has corne to the conclusion since the f.ght open ! that the ideas embodied m the Roo; reservations mus: be ?dopted, left to-night for Missouri to inquire into public sentiment there. He had received letters advising him that the people of Missouri are op? posed to any league at all and will not he satisfied unless Mr. Spencer votes ?gainst the league. As an indication *f this sentiment his letters roveajed that both tne Wmocratic and Republi ??n state committees of Missouri have demanded the rejection of the league. The A d m nistration leaders were al? most as much perturbed over this news '" over the loss of Senator David L. ;"*lsh, of Massachusetts, from the ftRks of those who will vote against all teaerva: 01 They had persistently ?heved thai Missouri was overwhelm? ingly for the league and called atten? tion to the challenge to Senator Reed '! the Missouri Legislature. Appar? ently, fro?;; the action of the Democra? tic State Committee, there has been a 'hange in the attitude of Missouri "Wiocrats. Opposition Grows in Illinois ?Senator Medill McCormick, of Illi? nois, who returned to-day from a trip ?-lough his state, said he found more Wosition to the whole league on this ~'P than in any of his trips since he "?ned the round robin last March. n the Foreign Relations Committee r'''*a.v Norman Davis, one of the eco ?onuic advi ? rs of the American peace ?'>*ioi:, said there had been volumi t'us correspondence between the gfllerican peace commissioners and the J*''mans at Paris, as a result of which ?'tt?2'y was tne Protoco' already sub? an t t0 llu' i"'enate agreed upon, but n ther which is yet to be submitted. "s new protocol, he said, provided r ? fixed sum as the amount "f the ^Parution instead of an elastic ?mount 6io "" ky tne Reparation Commis tli?Ten&"ors on tne committee asserted ,J W'JUld call on the President to .PPly them with a copy of a journal oi Proceedings kept by the secretary 'he peace conference, a copy of the J/f^.pondence with the German peace . ?missioners and a copy of the ad "???al protocol. Ho? Davi? wiH complete his testt ^"? to-morrow, it is expected, and l?? ? ednesday Secretary of -State casing Wjn appear- The Senate ex y*? to adjourn from to-morrow until tr?Dnsideration of the Colombian ??*'y, which was to have begun in the ?j., le to-day, with the doors open to ?*?? k ic* lhe iirst tim<? a treatv has g" been go considered by the Unite/' jt** Senate, was postponed unti K. ir' ftt the re'iuest of Somato ?"vi, of Pennsylvania. \ ! Japan to Explain Shantung Policy Formal Statement Front j Tokio Is Coming Soon9 Washington Informed WASHINGTON, Aug. 4 (By The As? sociated Press).?Information reached Washington to-day that a formal state? ment from the Japanese government as ! to its intentions regarding the final I disposition of the Shantung, China, i peninsula will be made public very ? soon. The substance of the statement j has not been disclosed. The Japanese statement, according te available information, is designed to . clear away all misunderstanding and ! doubt as to the purposes of the Japan? ese government. Beyond this nothing with regard to the contents of the state ! ment could be learned here. It was recalled that when opposition to the Shantung clause of the treaty frst developed in the Senate President Wilson Indicated that he had reason to expect an early declaration of in? tention from Japan which he believed would clear up the whole matter. Some of the Senators who have con? ferred at the White House since that time have received the same impres? sion and there have even been some reports that the American government was in communication with Tokio on the subject. While State Department officials ! have refused to discuss the matter it I has been assumed thfit the general ! tenor of the forthcoming announce - I ment was known to Administration of ! ficials, possibly having been forecast i at the time this section of the treaty I was under discussion in Paris. Hugging Girl Costs Youth a Motor License Witnesses Swear He Was Driv?, ing With One Hand, Other Around Companion NEWARK, N. J., Aug. 4.?Ralph Hol j leman, of 25 Marcella Avenue, West j Orange, lost his motor license here | to-day after witnesses swore that they ? ? had seen him driving with one hand i j while he hugged a girl with the other. "We will have none of this one I handed driving in New Jersey," said I Commissioner Dill. It is charged that while driving in I this fashion Holleman, on July 20, ran j into another car on the Dover and Kockaway highway. "You can do only one thing at a time," the commissioner admonished, and revoked Holleman's license. 200-Lb. Shark Caught In Little Neck Bay Harpooned and Brought In by Boatman; Is Largest Ever Captured There Persons who now and atrain have been jangling the nerves of anglers and bathers in Little Neck Bay by yelling "Shark!" were vindicated yes? terday by Emil Drager, who first shouted and then harpooned a 200 pound shark to prove he was telling the truth. Drager, who is a boatman, was re? pairing one of his craft on the beach yesterday morning when he saw a sinister triangular fin tacking about off shore. He armed himself with a harpoon and a club, pursued the shark and after piercing him with the former weapon and hammering him with the latter, towed him ashore? It is the largest shark ever captured in the bay. Bavarian Communist Leader Held for Trial GENEVA, Aug. 4 (By The Associated Press).?When arrested last week dur? ing an attempt to make his escape into Italy by way of the Brenner Pass, Dr. Max Levien, the Bavarian Communist leader, was disguised. He was taken to Innsbruck for trial. It is said that Levien's desire to reach Italy had as its basis the fo? menting of Bolshevism in that country. ? 2 California Professors Are Shot by Graduate BERKELEY, Cal., Aug. 4.-J. H. Hil? debrand and Edmund O'Neill, both members ?f the University of Cali? fornia fij?-lty, were shot and seri? ously Wounded to-day by Roger Sprague a graduate of the university, who alleged they had prevented him from obtaining a position. Brass Band Leads Parade Of Editor en Route to Jail MEMPHIS, Aug. 4.? Preceded by a band and accompanied by scores of prominent business men who paraded the principal streets of the city. Edward T. Leech, editor of "The Memphis Press," an afternoon newspaper, entere J the Shelby County jail to-day to begin serving a sentence of ten days' .impris onmen1 imposed for contempt of Chit?- '? cellor Israel Peres's court. The charges grew out of an editorial written by Leech during a local polit- i ical campaign last year. Friends of Leech, who organized the parade and accompanied hin^ to jail, are planning ? mass meeting next .reek, when the editor is released. Former Mayor Litty addressed a group of sev? eral hundred at the jail just beforo Lt ich was locked up. B. R. T. Men May Strike To-morrow Garrison Asked to Recog? nize Union, Grant Wage Increase and 8-Hour Day Before 6 To-night Manhattan Tie-Up Also Threatened Committee Presents De? mands ; Asks for Quick Decision by Receiver Employes of the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company will strike early to- j morrow unless Lindley M. Garrison, i receiver of the company, recognizes the union, grants an increase in wages and an eight-hour day and reinstates all ! discharged union employes by 6 o'clock j to-night, it was announced yesterday j by union officials. Mr. Garrison is re? turning to the cifcy from New Hamp? shire. There is a possibility, it was said, in case the ultimatum of the men is not favorably received, that rapid transit employes in Manhattan will join the B. R. T. workers in a sympathetic walk? out. Although the men in Manhattan are only about 60 per cent organized, union leadera predicted that 20,000 might join the Brooklyn strikers. The present crisis, the second in four months, is the outcome of a meet ; ing last Friday night, at. which reprc ; sentatives of the various Brooklyn j lines appointed a committee to present j their demands to the receiver. ; Ask Recognition of Union ! Shortly after 10 o'clock yesterday I morning the committee of nine, headed by Edward Smith, was received in'the ! directors' room of the company by | W. S. Menden, assistant to Frederick j P. Royce, general manager. Mr. Men? den had been delegated by the B. "R. T. officials to receive the men. P. J. Shea, a member of the interna? tional executive committee and vice president of the Amalgamated Asso? ciation of Street and Electric Railway Employes of America, who is advising ! the men in the present controversy, accompanied the committee, but did not take part in the conference. Assistant General Manager Menden, after reading the demands of the men, asked: "What is your principal demand?" "Recognition of our union," replied Smith. It was suggested by Mr. Menden that they put this in writing, and a nota? tion, reading as follows, was added to the demands: "Our principal demand is recognition of our union." As Receiver Garrison was on his va? cation the committee was told that he would be notified by telegraph. Later in the day it was announced at the offices of the B. R. T. that General Manager Royce had reached Mr. Garri? son and that the latter would arrive in the city some time to-day. After the meeting the committee re? ported to Mr. Shea, who said: "I think Receiver Garrison is dotjging the issue, and unless he agrees to rec? ognize the union by 6 o'clock to-morrow night a strike is inevitable." "If you received a reply from Re? ceiver Garrison saying he will grant a conference to the committee within a week or ten days, would that delay the issuance of the strike order?" he was asked. "No, he must recognize the union," Shea replied. "We believe we have public sentiment with us. We re? frained from calling a strike last March on the strength of promises given by certain officials of the B. R. T. Those promises have not been kept. We are going to take action." Demands of Workers In outline, the demands of the B. | R. T. employes are as follows: Reinstatement of all employes here? tofore discharged for union activities. Recognition uf the union. An increase of wages for all em? ployes -75 cents ?n hour for all train men, and a similar and proportionate increase for all others. This applies to women as Well as to men. An eight-hour day. The committee which presented the demands was composed of Edward Smith, Thomas F. Fall?n, Edward Mc Govern, Raymond J ?huy. Geortre Bub. Elmer E. Finn, Max Brodie, Edward Mayers and Morris Drubin. This even I ing the committee will tell the men at | a meeting at the Labor Lyceum. Wtll oughby and Myrtle avenues, Brooklyn, about their interview and Mr. Garn son's decision. Strike Is Predicted Ii a strike is called, the Older call? ing out the men will take etTect early to-morrow morning. The night crews, it is said, will be permitted to finish their runs. Both employes and officials predict a strike and are making preparations for it. Before the committee from the employes arrived, Colonel T. S. Williams, general manager of surface lines, Frederick P. Royce, general manager of elevated and subway lines, W. S. Menden, Carl N. Owens, partner and attorney for Receiver Garrison, and operating heads of the various fj License Plan Expected to Control Grain ?Government Aims to Hold All Qreadstuffs, No Mat? ter What Prices May Be All Over the World j ^ - ' Wilson Calls On Trade Commission Senators Declare Extrava? gance of People Causes High Cost of All Food ; TPHE last, government grain report 1 forecast, a harvest of 1,161, 000.000 bushels of wheat this year. The guaranteed price being $2.26 a bushel, the approximate total value to the farmers is $2,623,860,000. The value at $1.50 a bushel would be $1,741,500,000. The difference, 76 cents a bushel, or a total of 5882,360,000, would represent the 'government's loss, if the whole crop were sold at $1.50. Inasmuch as a portion of the crop has already been marketed at the minimum price, the actual los3 would be somewhat smaller. WASHINGTON, Aug. 4.?It was learned to-day through different sources that the principal recommenda? tion of the Cabinet committee dealing with the high cost of living problem will be that the government resell to millers at a lower price, probably $1.50 a bushel, the wheat for which it has guaranteed farmers $2.26. It is also asserted that steps will be taken to guard against the open market going above the price the government can pay, and thus keeping it from get? ting control of the wheat. Ail wheat dealers of whatever sort are, according to the plan reported to have been agreed upon, to be li? censed and compelled to buy wheat for | government account only on the basic $2.26 price. This would cut out all buyers but the government and make $2.26 the American price, no matter what the world price might be. President Holds Conference President Wilson late to-day went to the offices of the Federal Trade Commission and spent some time in conference with William B. Colver and Victor Murdock, members of the commission. Although the subject of the conference was not announced, it was understood that the high cost of living situation was discussed. . Condemnation of extravagance on the part of the public was heard in several quarters to-day, one high official in close touch with national erxpenditures declaring no relief trom high prices could be expected while "100.000.000 I people continued to demand the highest quality of everything and were willing to pay any price to get it." It is considered probable that the Treasury may begin a new campaign for economy, by urging popular invest? ment in Treasury certificates and sav? ings stamps, as a means of easing the situation. Discussion of the high cost of living was resumed in the Senate to-day im? mediately after the session opened. Recommendations to the President as to how the government should pro? ceed in its efforts to lower th?? cost of | living are expected to result from the j second meeting to-morrow of Cabinet j members and other officials called into j conference by Attorney General Palmer, j The creation of a special committee to deal with all phases of the high ' cost of living problem and frame leg ! islation to bring prices down will be i proposed by Senator Gronna, of North ! Qakota, chairman of the Senate Com j mittee on Agriculture, when the com- ; mittee meets in special session to morrow. Senator Gronna's Plan Senator Gronna's plan would b? to make up a new committee from th? membership of all committees having to do with any phase of the problem. ? which would devote all its attention to seeking out the fundamental facts ? at the bottom of the present situa- : tion and recommend remedies. If Senatoi Cruuna's proposal for th? creation of a special committee is ap proved he will attempt to obtain th? consent of Senator Cummins, chair man of the Interstate Commerce Com? mission, to pool the railroad pioblem with all others under the jurisdiction of the new committee. He emphasized that no thorough going remedy could be found and applied that did not tak? i problems of transportation and freight ' rates, which play so large a part in the fixing of prices, into consideration. Senator Gronna said the farmers would have no objection to the elimi? nation of the government guarantee, but indicated that they would seriously portest against any plan for buying all wheat at the guarantee price and reselling it at a lower figure. "It can't be done constitutionally," he said. "It would require utiwarrant Continued on page three 9 S d '!f CZgle$S ad?PtS the plm Pr?P?"ed hlJ D?Gcl?r General Hi?es and President Wilson we will tie the railways up so tight that they will never run ?m?;V,Acting President B- M- Jewell, of the Railway Department of the A. r. of L. One at a Time, Please, Gentlemen (Copyright, 1919. New York Tribuno Inc.) Training of All Boys, 19, For Army Urged by Baker 3 Months' Compulsory Ser- \ vice Provided in Plan for Military Force of 510,000 in Peace Times WASHINGTON. Aug. 4.?War De? partment recommendation for a system of universal military training of three | months for all eligible youths in their \ ninetcpnth year was presented by Sec- j retary Baker to-day to the Senate and House Militaiy committees for their guidance in determining tlie permanent military policy of the nation. The proposal is ^onCained in a. Dill prepare?! bv the ueneral staff of, the army at the Secretary's direction. In 'transmitting the bill Secretary Baker in a letter said that General Pershmg had not been consulted and the plan was tentative to that extent. Thp department's bill calls for a reg? ular army of twenty-one divisions and necessary auxiliary services, with a ppHce strength of 510,000 enlisted men and a war strength of 1,200,000. The ! r?serves to till up the divisions to full ? si-rprigth would be provided through a modified form of the selective service a^t under which the national army was raised for the war with Germany. Serve With Regulars For training purposes only youths in their nineteenth year would be called to the colors for a three-month period, to be attached to regular divisions for that time. It is estimated that this would provide an annual class oi 600, 000 men to De given intensive military ' instruction, stripped of ail vocational or other educational features. For two years alter training the Continued on page five Ha ig and Beatty To Be Made Ear h Each to Get S500M00 Victory Grant ; Fork Included in Awards LONDON, Aug. 4.?High titles and money grants will be given by Oreat I Britain to her victorious generals and admirals of the Great War, according! to time-nonored custom. The vote of I thanks to the victors will be pr?-sented in the House of Commons Wednesday,, according to present plans. The name of Maishal Foch will be included. Field Marsha! Sir Douglas rlaig and Vice Admiral Sir David Beatty, ?s ex? pected, Will be made earls and ea?'h will be given a grant of $500,0110. Field Marshal Viscount French, of Ypres, and Admiral Viscount Jellicoe, of Scapa, will b?- given ?-rants of; $250,000 each A number of other commanding offi cers will be given money grants, mak ing a total for all of $3,000,000. Premier Lloyd George's nan??; was proposed to-day for some honor by Sir James F. Remnant in the House of i.:i..iions, but Andrew Bonar Law, government leader, replied that he had mentioned the matter to the Premier, who sai; he would not for a minute agree to it. If you can eav?? nmnfy you can ln%eat while you ?ave. Ask for particulars of Partial 1'iiyment flan. John Muir j? Co.. Si B'way.?Advt. Allies Defied Bv Rumanians; Budapest Taken Army occupies City After Protest by the J Julian Envoy; Socialist Cabinet Reported to Have Quit BUDAPEST, Aug. 4 (By Tb* Asso? ciated Press).?Budapest was occip'ed to-day by Rumanian troops tb??t ?d vanced from the Hiver Thteiss in spite of representations made by I.ieut?-nant l'olcnel Romanelli, the 1 ta 11-"n ?-??pre sentative of the Allies at Vienna. The enemy forces reached the s?;b- ' urbs of the city yesterday, when cev airy patrols advanced toward ?t from the direction of Godollo, fift?*<?n ; miles northeast of here. The whole; population on the route of march was . reported tu have fled 1 here was a ?pint of panic in Buda? pest ovei the approaching occupation of ihe city by those who are termed "haue if" enemies." The Soviet newspapers here have ? been suppiessed. Ihe city i.s ..ami to day, with nr?U-r being preserved by the workmen's battalion. Retaliate for Bucharest i he Rumanians, according to Hun garian authorities, are defying the Al ? i ... ? ons to cease then ad? vance as reta ation for the Hun.- . in occupation of Bucharest three ?ears ago. Bl RUN, Aug -1 i L'y The Associ?t ?J Press). The Peidll cabinet of Hungary i i)iu office, acco ? : ing to a Vienna despatch to the "Mittag Post ' ..:???? vvas not ecor led recognition bj the Entente Powers The dispatch :a;s a new ministry Cov tinned on page four UnionsWould Force Capital Out of Roads Heads of Brotherhoods Declare Proposed Leg? islation Will Make Lines Work for Public Only Republicans Say Wilson Favors It Fight to Finish on Gov? ernment Ownership Is Believed Imminent WASHINGTON, Aug. 4.-The cam? paign of organized labor to secure gov? ernment ownership of the railroads and a share in the profits was dis? closed here to-day in it% full scope. There were three ou'sMnding develop? ments. Leaders of the railway employes, representing fourteen unionist organ? izations, informed Director General 'lines that the Plumb plan for govern? ment ownership and democratic man? agement of business must not be lim? ited to the railroads, but must eventu? ally be extended to coal, steel, packing : and all other basic industries of th?s nation. The threat of the rail men to force ; their demands on the government was emphasized to-night by acting Presi? dent B. M. Jewell of the railway de I partment . :' the American Federation of Labor, who, with other representa? tives of the shopmen, conferred with President Wilson to-day. "if Congress adopts the plan pro? posed by Director General Hiries and President Wilson we will tie the rail? ways up so tight they will never run again," he said. |The Unies plan contemplates a Federal commission empowered to fix railroad wages, increases effective as of August 1, 1919, and to increase rate? | when necessary. ] The Battle Is Coming "All we can do is to prepare for the battle," continued Mr. Jewell. "The battle is coming and we will be ready. We expect the railroads will be tied up tight in thirty days unless our de? mands are settled." The railroad employes, he sa.d, would back "to a man" the Plumb plan for government ownership and tripar , tite control of The railroads, by which ; they would be paid for with a 4 per | cent bond issu?'. President Wilson, said Mr. Jewel!, listened sympathetically to what the union officials had to say regarding thd 1 situation, and appeared to recognize ; its seriousness, but did not indicate any intention to recede from his atti? tude that he had not the power to grant the increases. "The President told us frankly," con? tinued Mr. Jewel!, "that while every agency of the government was working on plans to bring relief from the high cost'of living the country could not expert r reduction to pre-war standard! for a L," od many year.-- to come. He it-Mde c!"'.ir that what the government now was. ?loir.g would take time, im? mediate relief should not be looked for and that it would be a lon<? tune be? fore there was a marked reduction." Would Eliminate Capitalist! A ?.'?forre of the Flumb plan voi issued by labor to-day unequivocally an?! formally demanding that privat? capital tie retired from the railrouds. A tripartite control, composed of the public, ti.e operating management and the employes, ;.- demanded instead. The tatemen) v.a^ addressed to the American publii and .-i^ned by officials ? ' is, the (tremen, the con? ductors md 'ne American Federation of Lab >r '1 plan w:!l be carried Wedne -?lay. aiks," -ays the statement, "the ;? by which organized labor passe! rom d or wage increases te emands that the system of profits in lustry in- overhauled." sentence sums up in a feir words the proposals, of which there ;.ave been hints and indications, but which is now laid before the country ! for the first time. Everywhere in 1 o?icial Washing on it is recognise?* ?ft?