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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, August 12, 1919, Image 1

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Xou LXXIX No. 20,507
\?^^ Fifa* fn T.t
First to Last?the Truthj Newsj_EJitorials Advertisement*
Fair to-day and to-morrow; not macn
change in temperature; gentle
variable winds.
Foil Report r,n P;ie? IS
[Copyright. 1010,
New York Tribune Ino.l
* * *
rwo crar.JSefir.Si.'?S,;
York and
eAct or Face Revolution,' Garretson
House and Senate Open Fisli
Warns Congress;
t on Living Cost
Hvlan Sees
plot to Raise
Fares Here
Writes District Attorney
Union and Railways
Plan to Achieve Ends
by Strike in Manhattan
Bases Charge
On Letters
Tie-Up Improbable, Says
Labor Chief; 7,500 in
B. R. T. Union August 8
'Mayor Hylan y istcrday informed the
District Attornej that the Interborough
and the New York Railways officials
hid entered h to "a criminal con
alrtcy" wil employes of their organ- j
itntion for the purpose of obtaining ,
ncreased fares through a strike.
At about the same time, Patrick J. i
ft?, vice-pn ident of the Association:
A Street and Electric Railway Em-|
ifoyts, ann i I that there was no |
probability of . traction strike on the I
lines of these companies. The men |
ar? to be organized quietly, he said,,
aid there w b< : o ?iisturhance what- J
?ver unless ? ? companies discharge
?en for joini
Public Sen c? Commissioner Lewis
?son re terd ly from the B.
T. uni na 7,500 names of :
n ar.ii v- ?? "re members on j
tiguit 8. This was in accordance with
it agreement that the union was re
.. ired to .-:. 'a a membership of more
an 50 pi r cent before it would be
rofnised i y too company.
Charges Based on Letters
Oh Ma ? wrote to District Attor
itySw . n thai il was "as though some,
mein authorit; has said to the men,1
"You go and strike and make
f trou ?? and the city will have
ncreased fares, which we
till dh : li up.' "
Th? M . i ba ?? d hi: charges on
four letters which he had received
'rom Job K. Hedges, receiver for the
New V? : - Railways I ompany, from the
Interbor ..?':;. and from T. M. Fazak
erlty, pi ? of the Brotherhood of
New YorV Railways Company Em?
ployes. Thi letters referred to pos
fib'ic sti k in Manhattan and called
upon the Mayor for police protection.
"Taken tog ther, they seem to have
? singlo : piration and a common
purpose amounting to criminal con
'Piracy to compel the city authorities,
by threi Is ? kind and another,
to givr ay companies extra
?are," said the " lay or.
Violation by Mr. Hedges of the penal
'aw was arged by the Mayor.
niasse] Ur. Hedges made a
distinct threat against him by threat?
ening ; o ask the Governor for the re?
moval of ai . public official who failed
to perform his constitutional duty in
the event of a strik? .
Mayor Asks Jury Inquiry
After ti?" charge; were presented Mr.
Swann and the Mayor held a confer?
ence, at which, according to Mr. Swann,
the Mayor asked that the subject be
brought b? fore the grand jury.
"? haven't tudied the subject yet,
Wtlw t thoroughly to-night
and may decide upon a course of action
tomorrow," paid Mr. Swann last night.
The Mayor's letter to Mr. Swann fol
"Hervv.i'.h I hand you a series of
'?tters as follows:
"No. 1. from Job E. Hedges, receiver
.New York Railways Company, dated
August 8. 1919.
No. 2. from 'I". M. Fazakerley, presi?
dent of the Brotherhood of New York
Wllwaya Company Employes, dated
Aojrust 8, 1919.
?""<>? 3, from Interborough Rapid
lino1*11 ComPanJ'< dated August 9,
No. 4, from Job E. Hedges, receiver
?New "?ovk Railways Company, dated
August 9, 1919,
"Taken together, they seem to have
?single inspiration and a common pur
P?se, amounting to criminal conspiracy,
? compel the city authorities, by
threats of one kind and another, to
??Li"e railway companies extra fare,
'here is no strike at the present
tie. and there has not been any in
Doubts Sincerity of Requests
"Ther?- ?a a strong intimation that a
?;r;ke might be profitable for the em
Pio>>8 as well as' for the railway com
r*mp?' The upplication of the re
??erof the New York Railways Com
^ny. the Interborough Rapid Transit
, wnpany, ttnd of the president of the
^otticrhood of tlic New York Railways
rop.o.ve, f"! police protection does not
bom '" '"" '' soumls as though
-me one in authority has said to the
'"? ">oii g0 ahead and strike and
?il h1 ?' "f trouble ?nd thc citv
*k; ,"HV<' to give us, increased fuies,
""ich we can divide up.'
, ruthermore, I have a very strong
otion that ilio letter of Receiver
S?"' u,lfler <late of August ?, con
&??*?? H distinct threat to me of the
(>i al !" Prohibited by the Penal
ter \,liec,IOM 530 "I'd Sf?O. In his let
Gov Hedges threatens to ask the
lie ?0r ?or ,h<' removal of 'anv puh
JJ official1 who fails to perform his
fy in full sincerity.' or in other
Work l0 plea8e Mr. Hedges; and in
???I P"ragraph insinuates a:id
Mr?? Sf ;hHi th? onlv wav I can
i*f\ !i ? ,ulm'''ation and trouble of
Poli" i 8 8Uch thar?e3 is to have the
Ktdi?' ' epart,ne*lt carry out Receiver
?ff*"" !,ll-'a? of pubfic service. In
*ithr?iVOrds- if Mr" Hedges has his way
."> the Governor, I will be removed
^Li?. m" 'urn over the Police Dc
'?* Continued on page three
Eating Less Meat New
Economy Hint for U, S.
fc?l^AT more vegetables and cereals
and less meat," is the recipe
for reducing the high cost of food,
brought back from Europe by Dr.
Alonzo E. Taylor, chief of surveys of
the American Relief Administration.
Britain. Dr. Taylor said, is already
practising this system. The meat ra?
tion has been cut to one-half or ono
third of the total food consumption.
The typical American's diet, how?
ever, is two-thirds meat and one-third
cereals and vegetables.
"America," said Dr. Taylor, "has ?
not yet reacted to the high cost of
living as the nation will react. Therjj
are no indications that we have be?
gun to cat more bread than before
the war and the advent of high
[Details of Dr. Taylor's investigation
are on page 20.}
Managers Sue
Idle Actors
Principle in Danbury Hat?
ters' Case Is Invoked in
Damage Suits Filed on
Contracts of Strikers !
Damage suits aggregating $600,000 ;
were tiled yesterday afternoon in the i
United States district court against j
nearly 300 actors who are prominent !
members and officials of the Actors
Equity Association. The suits were
brought by the Winter Garden Com- j
pany 'The Shuberts) which, until the
actors' strike ended the performances, ?
was presenting "Shubert Gaieties of
1019" and "Monto Christo, Jr." j
The complaint which charges the j
actors with conspiracy, follows the !
general lines of the famous Danbury j
haturs case, in which the defendants, !
members of a labor union, were sued
successfully for $220,000, many of the
workmen losing their homes by attach?
ments. Representatives of the mana
I gers said last night an effort would be
i made to attach the bank accounts and i
, other property of every actor named in
the suit.
Ziegfeld Obtains Injunction
Simultaneously with the filing of
I the Shubert suit Florenz Ziegfeld, jr.,
obtained from Supreme Court Justice
] Richard P. Lydon a temporary injunc
] tion restraining the Actors' Equity
I Association from interfering with the
j presentation of the "Ziegfeld Follies"
i at the Amsterdam Theatre. Then Mr.
! Ziegfeld informed the Actors' Equity
Association that he had become a
member of the Producing Managers'
Representatives of the Actors' Equity
Association who were waiting in his
office .for a definite statement from
j him as to his affiliation with the man?
agers then were served with copies of |
the injunction. At the same time an
! injunction was served on half a dozen
members of the cast of the "Follies,"
who as members of the Actors' Equity
Association were expected to go on
strike, restraining them from break?
ing contracts with the Ziegfeld Fol?
lies, inc.
While word of these legal steps was
being circulated along Broadway sev?
eral hundred chorus girls and men
crowded into Martera's restauraht, in
100 West Forty-fifth Street, were cheer?
ing an announcement that chorus girls
had walked out at the Winter Garden
and that the "Follies" chorus had voted
to strike.
This news made easier the work of
Ed Wynn and Barney Bernard, who
were persuading the girls to join the
chorus auxiliary of the Actors' Equity
Association and strike.
Rich Men to Be Interested
The chorus girls from plump little
"ponies" to tall and stately "show
girls," cheered and stamped their feet
when Wynn, with the visor of his
cap resting on one ear and emphasiz?
ing: his points with a cigar, told them
that lie and other members of the Ac?
tor's Equity Association were going to
see Mortimer Schiff to-day to seek
financial backing for a "certain pro?
ject." This is understood to be a
scheme whereby the actors will gain
possession of theatres and amusement
halls and "provide the public with the
amusement the managers are now in
i capable of furnishing."
Barney Bernard told the chorus peo
l pie Vincent Astor was a friend of the
! stage people and had "a few dollars
' left." Barney indicated that when Mr.
| Astor was seen to-day he would be in
i vitcd to aid the same project.
Actors' Stage Demonstration
As darkness fell on Broadway and
! Forty-second Street last night hun
i dreds of actors appeared wearing in
j thefr hats placards informing the world
| that members of the theatrical pro
j fession were striking, in .-.ingle file
I about 100 of these began to filo back
' and forth in front of the New Am
- sterdam Theatre, where theatre-goers
' were beginning to seek their seats for
I the evening performance of the Follies.
A policeman informed the leader of
? the pickets that an injunction had been
? issued forbidding the picketing of the
| Follies. He said that' if they continued
j to pickt i; the theatre they would be
? in contempt of court. The actor-pickets
then were told by their l??aders to
j 'carry on their efforts fn front of the
j cast as a result of the strike.
Others crossed the street and began
i Cohan & Harris theatre, where "A Royal
Vagabond" is "playing with a crippled
Continued on next page
Carnegie, 83,
Dies at Home
In Berkshires
Broken in Health and
Saddened by War, Iron
Master Suddenly Suc?
cumbs to Pneumonia
Tarrvtown Will
Be Resting Place
Had Given Away, Since
IJe Began His Benefac?
tions, $350,695,653
LENOX, Mass., Aug. 11.?In his great !
mansion overlooking a lake in the
beautiful Berkshire Hills, where he
sought seclusion when bodily infirm?
ity overtook him and his mind was ?
saddened by the entrance of his coun?
try into the world war, Andrew Car- j
negie, ironmaster and philanthropist, !
died peacefully to-day. He was in his j
eighty-fourth year.
Although he had been in feeble
health for more than two years, his |
final illness was brief?a matter of
days. A severe cold developed quickly
into bronchial pneumonia, the aged
patient lapsed into unconsciousness
and the end came as though it were
but the beginning of a deeper sleep.
Simple Funeral Planned
No ostentation will mark the funeral
of the man who, when he began eighteen
years ago to give away his millions, was
rated as having the second largest pri?
vate fortune in America. A simple ser?
vice, attended only by members of his
family and his household, will be held at
the home, Shadow Brook.
It was said unofficially late to-night
that the Rev. Benson N. Wyman, pastor
of the Lenox Congregational Church, i
and the Rev. Dr. William P. Merrill,
pastor of the Brick Presbyterian
Church, of New York, would officiate
at the funeral, to be held on Thursday, i
and that the body would be taken to j
Tarrytown, N. Y., for burial.
Mrs. Carnegie was at her husband's
bedside in the last hours of his life, but ?
he did not revive sufficiently to permit
of any sign of recognition. Their
daughter Margaret, who last April mar?
ried Ensign Roswcll Miller, of New
York, was notified that it was apparent
that the illness would be fatal, and she
arrived from her home at Millbrook,
N. Y., a few minutes after her father
had died.
Grief Overcomes Widow
The widow of the "Laird of Skibo,"
although overcome with grief at the sud?
den death of her husband,bore the shock
bravely. Her physician said to-night !
that she had recovered sufficient strength '
to make it possible for her to go through j
the ordeal of the private funeral service. !
She was not equal, however, to the ta?K '
of directing final arrangements for the ?
service and burial.
A mass of telephone and telegraph
messages of condolence from persons
of prominence in all parts of the coun?
try had accumulated at Shadow Brook
to-night. Until Mrs. Carnegie is able
to read these to-morrow the names of
the signers will not be made public.
Dr. Brace W. Paddock, of Pittsfield,
who attentled Mr. Carnegie in his last
illness and had visited him frequently
throughout the summer, said to-night
that the patient was in a very feeble
state when he returned to his summer
home in the spring.
Shows Temporary Rally
At that time it was evident to his
intimates that the once great industrial
leader was a broken man and that any
slight indisposition might have a fatal
termination. However, the air of the
Berkshires and the seclusion afforded
in his beautiful estate appeared to have
a beneficial effect upon him and he ex?
hibited occasional flashes of the old
exuberance that had made him a
cheerful companion for so many years.
At times his spirit outran his
strength, and it was necessary for those
responsible for his care to restrain
him. He was eager to motor on pleas?
ant days and to fish in Lake Mahkeenac
j when the weather was of the fishing
? variety. At such times he sought per
j mission from his physician with a per
! suasiveness that \vus hard to deny.
Cold Turns Into Pneumonia
Mr, Carnegie proved an easy prey to
i a cold contracted last Thursday', and
aftor a futile attempt to shako it off
? he took to his bed the following day.
! Saturday bronchial pneumonia devel
0] <i rapidly des?.it.- th.- most thor?
ough efforts tu stay i-. Late Sunday
night the aged man iapsed into uncon?
sciousness, remaining so until the end,
at 10 minutes after 7 o'clock thismorn
; inc.
Archibald Barrow, secretar.,- to Mrs.
1 Carnegie, left for New York to-night.
j It was understood that he would look
| after arrangements Tor the removal of
: Mr. Carnegie's body.
, The sum of Mr. Carnegie's benefiac
. lions was estimated to-day a: $350,
The story of Mr. Carnegie's
life is on ?xtges 4 and 5.
License Plan
To Cut Prices
Put in Bill
Senate Measure Framed
by Kcllogg Is Aimed
at Corporations Having
$10,000,000 or More
Myers Sees Danger
Of Riols to Come
Says in Speech That U. S.
Should Declare Embar?
go on Food for Europe
New York Tribune
Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, Aug. 11.?The high
cost of living was attacked from many j
angles when Congress opened its cam?
paign to-day to reduce prevailing
prices for the necessities of life.
Among the activities of the day were:
Senator Cnmmins, of Iowa, chair?
man of the Senate Interstate Com?
merce Committee, appointed a special
committee to consider the recom?
mendations of President Wilson for
legislation to deal with the present
situation and to formulate other
remedies on behalf of the Senate.
The House Committee on Agricult?
ure began hearings on legislation to
limit the length of time that various
food commodities may be held in cold
Senator Kellogg, of iMinnesota, in?
troduced and argued for a bill to
license all corporations with capital
or assets aggrejw'ing more than
$10,000,000 under the Federal Trade
Debate on the floor of tho Senate j
brought out opinions by several Sena-]
tors that tho corporations are in large
part responsible for the high cost of
living. Senator Borah pointed out that
a compiliation of the earnings of
eighty-two American corporations
showed they earned $325,000,000 in
1913 and ?736,000?000 in 1918. He
believed their earnings were, in fact,
well over 1,000,000,000, but that cer?
tain earnings had been concealed and
that the remainder had gone in the
payment of heavy state and Federal j
Falling Off in Production
Senator Hitchcock asserted that the
high cost of living was due to falling
off in production and to inflation of the
currency. No permanent cure was
possible, he said, until conditions got
. back to normal, following the ratifica?
tion of the peace treaty.
"I don't agree with the Senator,")
said Senator Brandegee, of Connecti- ?
cut, apparently voicing the opinion of
! a majority of the Senate, and this
i angle of the discussion was not re?
Senator Myers, of Montana, argued
for clamping down an embargo on the
exportation of the necessities of life
u-til such time as the -ire.- it emer
| gency had passed. He believed it was
all very well to exercise humane im-|
pulses, but not at the expense of bun- i
ger, leading to rioting and bloodshed
among the American people.
Senator King: disagreed with Sena
t-r Myers. He thought an embargo on
exports would lead to widespread un?
employment, the bankruptcv of many I
manufacturers, and in the "end would
i create a situation worse than that it
j sought to cure.
j Senator Walsh, of Montana, told tho
Senate the entire grain crop of his
?state had been wiped out by drought.
He presented a memorial from the
? Montana State Legislature urging the I
! appropriation of $50,000,000 to carry I
through Federal irrigation projects in
the West. Another memorial from the \
Montana Legislature favored the enact- i
ment of the Kenyon-Anderson bill for
the regulation of the packers.
The Cummins Committee
The committee appointed by Senator
Cummins to take up President Wil?
son's suggestions for legislation to re-j
duce the high tost of living was made
up of Sena'ors Townsend, of Michi-'
gan; La Follette, of Wisconsin, and
Watson, of Indiana, Republicans, and
Underwood, of Alabama, and Smith, of
South Carolina, Democrats. The com
] rr.lttee was inst-uctcd to re o..imend to
] the Senate any suggestions it may for
i mu?ate for dealing with the problem.
' Meetings will be begun immediately.
Senator Brandegee had read in the
j Senate two letters from constituents
? in Connecticut urging that the govern- |
I ment buy all wheat in the country at ?
: the guaranteed price on September 1 <
j a.d resell it at $1 a bushel. ;
"The farmer is affected by the high !
; cost of living, just like everybody!
: else," Senator Brandegee said. "The j
price of land, of money, of fertilizers,
or* insurance ar.d of labor all have gone ?
, way up. One of the greatest, causes \
: contributing to the present I.'gh prices, ?
I in my opinion, is the high wages de
; manded by farm labor. Great areas ;
i have had to be abandoned, and are not
! now under cultivation, because of the
i high wages.
I "The present inclination of every
i producer is to regard his prices es fait*
i but the prices of every other producer
as exorbitant. Every man is looking
out for himself.
i In this great crush of conflicting
: influences it is the duty of the Ameri- '
i can Congress to work out a solution
that will secure the greatest good for '?
the greatest number. It is impossible
Continued on page six
The Pied Piper of Petrograd
Senate Denied
By President
Wilson Sends His Copy of I
Pact to Senate, Saying j
Some Things Cannot Be '<
To id About Conference I
By Carter Field
New York Tribune
Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON", Aug. I) .-President !
Wiison to-day practically clamped!
down the lid on any further publicity'
as to how the peace covenant was ;
"arrived at" in Paris, when he sent
his own draft of the league covenant
to the Senate, with a letter telling the j
Senators there were many things they'
coulil not be told about.
This action, from the attitude of
many Senators to-night, will undoubt- I
edly cause a greater delay in the rati- :
fication of the treaty, and may bring |
about a deadlock until the Senate can
obtain the information it desires from :
overseas, cither by the return to the
United States of Colonel House, or hy
the receipt of advices from other
Secretary of State Lansing completed
his testimony before the Foreign Re?
lations Committee, telling the Senators ;
scarcely anything they wanted to know
about the peace 'negotiations.
Although not very informing, how- \
ever, the testimony of Mr. Lansing has
hurt the treaty and the league im?
measurably, not only in the opinion
of most of the Republican Senators,
but in the opinion of several Demo?
cratic Senators as well. This is par
ticularly true of the Shantung ?section
of the treaty, in view of Mr. Lansing's
testimony about the Lansing-lshii
Little Impression on Trade Views
The Secretary aiso apparently made
little impression on the Senators with
his contention that trade could not be
reestablished with Germany until the
ratification of the treaty by the Sen?
Even Senator McCumber, the most
stalwart friend of the league on the
Republican side, took exception to this,
saying trade could be reopened as soon
as France and Britain and Italy had
ratified, as the United States was put
on the same footing as the others.
Senator Lodge caustically observed
trat trade was already under way with
Germany, while Senator Fall recalled
a statement from the State Depart?
ment to the effect that licenses would
be granted to importers desiring to
bring goods from Germany.
The speci.ic instance of n license
being granted to import potash from
Germany was thrown at the Secretary,
who persisted that the instrumentali?
ties of trade would be lacking until the
Continued on page eight
London Red Plot
Exposed by Raid
Police Seize Papers Show?
ing'Bolshevik Plans to
Arm and Capture City
LONDON, Aug. 11 (By The As>o
ciated Press ).-Seditious documents
were seized by the police to-day in a
raid on London's western suburb of
The papers captured dealt with a
suggested seizure of arms and ammu?
nition from the military stores by rev?
olutionaries and the establishment of
a soviet government in London.
Important arrests are regarded as
probable in the course of the week in
connection with the seizure. Other
raids, it is said, ar contemplated by
the authorities.
That the British government is or?
ganizing a sinister plot against labor
and is conducting systematic spying
activities on the actions of work? rs is
a charge that is featured to-day in the
"Daily Herald," the labor organ, which
connects with this alleged movement
recent official reports of Bolshevik con?
spiracies as part of the scheme.
Holly Arms Raided:
'Countess ' Arrested
Automobiles Scatter as
Guests Flee Before
Inquisitive O ffi c i a l s
Special Correspondence
KEMPSTEAD, Long Island, Aug. 11.
?The Holly Arms Hotel, at Hewlett,
Long Island, one of the most widely
known inns on the island, was raided
at ] ! :30 to-night by county officials
heeded by County Detective ?"'arman
The proprietor, Countess von Kup
no.r, known as Rena Kupper, and the
:?':;. vr. i ter, Gt-org'.1 .':;:|)|v. .'-ei .?:.:.. s.'
ed. charged with violation o? Section
1,146 of the Pen;:! Code, which has to
do with disorderly houses. They were
;:.rr^i:.;n. c; before Jus.tice of the Peace
Edward T. Neu, of Lynbrook, and held
without err' f?.r examination or. Au?
gust ?0.
Acconiing to th" raiders, evidence
agair.it the roadhousc ras obtained by
one WjJr-on, a privat? detective, who
went ' ? the resort wit! a woman, ob?
tained o room without the formalitv of
r? ::: '.< -:. r-nd ?"- ? ? '?" a ' :'>.
key in the room.
The riiningroom . the inn va- filled
with men and women when the raiders
broke into the place As soon -i-- tho
word went about that the resort was
'pulled" great was the dismay and
even greater the speed that mer and
women showed in getting {.way from
the place. For some time afterward
the road was choked with traffic as
automobile driver? sought to light
! their way clear of the jam and go
rearing off in any direction so long as
it ws'; away from the Holly Aims
Th raid was made al the mstigatio
of District Attorney Charle? R. Weeks.
' a teempt was made t< arr? any
one but the proprietors and head
Both L?nine
And Kolchak
Face Collapse
Bolshevik Premier. Beset
by Strikes and Peasant
Opposition, Said to Be
Heady to Yield Rule
COPENHAGEN, Aug. 11.?Premier
j L?nine, it is rumored, intends to retire
from the head of the Bolshevik gov?
ernment, according to dispatches from
Helsingfors quoting Russian report.--.
Strikes are reported to be raging
everywhere in Bolshevik controlled
territory. One hundred and fifty
?trike Laders were said to have b_?ert
; executed.
Pending ins actual withdrawal,
> Premier L?nine was reported to have
instructed Herr Krassin, Minister of
| Railroads, to try to reach some under
' standing with the Mensheviki, the
Moderate Opposition party.
The strikes, which have been be?
coming more violent, are spreading in
spite of the government's intervention.
Genera! Vatatis, former commander
in-chief of the Bolshevik forces, and his
chief of staff are reported to have
, been arrested by order of the Bolshevik
. government, charged with organizing
a counter-revolution.
LONDON, Aug. 11 (By The Asso?
ciated Press i. ? Only about fifty miles
; of the Black ?>ea coast remains in
the hands of the Bolsheviki, the volun?
teer army, under Petlura and Grigorief
having advanced south and west of
: Kharkov and occupied Ochakov, forty
1 une miles east-northeast of Odessa, ac
: cording to a War Office official state
, men I to-n ight.
A thousand enemy deserter.- have
! joined th< Volunteers. On the Volga
[front ?h. Crbach-Astrakhan Railroad
has been torn up. th? defenses de?
stroyed an.l man) prisoners taken.
Three-quarters '?'' the Kamishin-Balla
sho\ Railroad is in the hands of the
Volunteeis. but Bolshevik counter-at?
tacks have hern successful near Kloan
I?:? Bolsheviki have retired again be
?'> i General Denikine's forces, accord?
ing to ;. Soviet wireless dispatch re?
ceived her? to night, six miies north
< ;( oi Sara and sixteen miles o.i
the front fartbei east, near Sinyavka.
Kolchak Faces Collapse
WASHINGTON, Aug. ?1. Owing to
the failure of the Allied government.
: to send adequate supplies to Admiral
KolchaV - Siberi government is
reported to be on the point of collapse,
in dispatches receive?' here to-cKy.
Kolchsfc'.- forces are retreating stead?
ily, and Omsk is said to be threatened
with ? 'acuation
Officials here are known to regard
i Kolchak's efforts at an end unless most
???asures an adopted b\ out?
side governments, and it was suggested
| thsi th President might call the a'.
I tention oi congress to the imminence
I of Bolshevik control of all Siberia.
Labor Chiefs
Sitting on Lid,
House Told
Conditions That Obtain
in Russia, France and
England Found Here,
Railmen's Leader Say?
Wake Up. He
Tells Committee
Unless Relief From Liv?
ing Conditions Comes,
He Sees Trouble Ahead
New York Tribun*
Washington Burra\:
WASHINGTON, Aug. 11. ?Nine
tenths of the labor leaders in this
country are "sitting on the lid'' to
keep their men in check, declared A. P.
Garretson, adviser to the Order of
Railway Conductors, to-day while tes?
tifying before the House Interstate
and Foreign Commerce Committee in
behalf of *he Plumb plan for rail?
roads. The labor leader tacitly pre?
dicted revolution un'i?ss Congress at
once legislated relief.
At th?"* same t;me it developed that
the Plumb plan will not be seriously
considered by the Sixty-sixth Congress,
except in so far as it is regarded as a
challenge to the existing economic
system. Leader- of almost every fic?
tion agreed that there would be no
legislative action.
Mr. Garretson in the course of his ?
testimony said:
"The government must either do
1 business or rpjit business, recognizing
what its obligations ar-:;. If the gov?
ernment fails to measure up, it should
] be superseded by the mechanical agency
that will do what the Constitution calls
All That Obtains in Europe
"if yon think the American people
will never rise in protest against op
! pression, you had better hire some one
to wake you up. All the elements of
j the conditions that obtain in Russia,
France and England now exist in this
1 country.
"If you think the social crust can't
oe broken, yon are mistaken. Inaction
.s sure to bring ferment to a head. Un?
less relief is found from the unrea?
sonable pressure of living conditions,
we are bound to have trouble.
"Sporadic strikes ail over the coun?
try show how the wind blow;,. N'ine
tc-nths of the energy of union labor
leaders is now given to sitting on the
lid. They tion't want to overturn the
government, but they do believe gov?
ernment should function.
"It is within the power of Congress
to relieve the situation. And we all
know there can be action when it must
be had. The Adamson biii was a sign
that when pressure was applied we
break all records to get things done.
"We had strikes in 187:!, but no ac?
tion. Again in 1 893 the same hap?
pened. Congress seems to listen to
that which it believes can exert in?
fluence. Now ?1 has got AO that the
man who stands for labor is damned
if he does and damned if he doesn't."
Chief Points He Made
Summed up. the principal points in
.Mr. Garretson's testimony were:
1. That owing to the inaction of
Congress labor leaders are having
? difficulty in controlling their men.
2. That the railway brotherhoods
> went to Congress in 1916 in behalf
' of the Adamson law at the request
! of President Wilson, and did not
"hold a stop-watch on Congress."
3. That he opposed the nomina
i tion of Mr. Hines as Director Gen
' eral of Railroads, preferring an?
other man who, he now say-, might
; not have done so well as Mr. Hines.
??. That the Plumb plan is not half
j so revolutionary as other plans for
railroad legislation.
5. That, with certain exceptions),
he approves the sentiment back of
j letters sent to Congressmen threat
I er.ing political removal unless the
Plumb bill is passed.
Mr. Garretson declared that until
i 1910 he was an ard mt supporter of
pri' ate property and had oppos?e! gov
I ernment ownership. But, he said,
'events have been moving so fast, and
Congress has so failed to keep pace
! with the high cost of living, that the
time has come to changa the govern
! ment so that t will r *nond immedi?
ately to the deman ?if th? people.
Difficult to Convince Them
"Force seldom occurs until r< iso -
j ableness has failed," he said "But *^
long ?s pi esenl cond ition re rta in, it
I will be difficult to convince men that
Congress has don?- all po sible to re?
lieve then;."
Asked if he thought ail bank clerks
| might organize like rai road men un?
der the provision:! of the Plumb plan,
( he declared that for the present he was
considering railroa i- a on?
"Personally, however," he said, "I
don't think tfiere ; ^n ?ndustrj on the
[ face of th?' earth in whiel men who
serve arc not entitled to b. heard as to
it v conduct. '
Mr. Garretson declared the Interstate
? Commerce Commission is the only body
he knows of thai has kept out of poli?
tics, and that under ti..- Plumb plan
the Postofiice Department could be run
with greater econo ny and efficiency. He
agreed with Representative Sims that
it would be impossible at the present
time to float bonds to keep the roads
undei private control from going
und( r
Not Influenced by Politics
Denying that pol?tica' influence would
enter into the operation of the Plumb
? plan, Mr. GarretMm said that in 1^16

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