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ADVERTISED IN THE TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED ?foi. LXXIX No. First to Last ? the Truth m ? fCopj-rttflit ism, Nv.r T?iW Trican? fno,| TUESDAY. ^J^??M?M^SBll jJMvei??* e ment s AUGUST 26, 1919 ."T77 tribune ? WEATHER G-enerall.v fair *o tin.v und tn-morro-w ; not much rhmi?e.?? ?n f*?Tnprr?ti)rf?; frpf?h north??r?Ht wind* f"l?ll Report OB r.-ic^ t?? TWO fVKTB ^'" f,rrat*r ?vt- York uni) " ' ''cnl:B /w?fhin mmmntlni iliatanr? TRBEB rf;\T1 ? Is?* h??r?. W age Demands Imperil Nation, Says Wilson; Calls a Halt on Increases in Railroad Pay Front the Bleachers It Looks Like Poor Judgment (Copyright.. 1?10. Ne?. Tork Tribun. Inc.) Three'Plaiies Reach Here From Canada In Big Race De Havilaiid Is First to Land at Mine?la in Flight From Toronto; 150 Miles an Hour; :>9 Machines Start; 5 Americans Out 12 Canadians Take Part; U. S. Entries Halted at Syracuse by Rain; 17 Leave City To-day Thirty-nine airplanes started yester? day in tempestuous weather on the greatest aerial race in history. Twenty-seven were started from Roosevelt Field, L. I., by Major General Charles T. Mcnoher on the 1,040-mile course from New York to Toronto and return. Twelve were started from Toronto by the 'Prince of Wales in view of a crowd of 100,000. The seven? teen remaining New York entries will be started at 9 o'clock this morning. Five machines were put ont of the race through minor landing acci? dents; three at Albany, where the field proved *<-?> be too small, and two a raci . ? Sixteen 'planes were held for the night at Aiba.r . Three of the Canadian entries com v pieted the first leg of their flight th ? en i d?tes of each other. - first to arrive was Sergeant ; i: ? - ombs, piloting a De Havi land 9-A biplane, at 7:11 p. m. He -bllov d -.t 7:18 o'clock by ;;"! md Rohlfs in a Curtiss Oriole, and al ? :22 o'clock Major R. Si hroeder, piloting a Vought VF.-7, landed safely at Roosevelt Field. ?> From Canada Here by 7:22 P.M. Sergeant C. B. Coombs, piloting a Do Baviland 9-A biplan?:, landed at Roose? velt Field at 7:11 o'clock last night, the '?' conti tant Lo complete the flight! from Toronto to New York in the inter- ? national .? rial Handicap race for ; Priz? s of y !.. tl -? Hotel Commodore cr N*? v *,,.,,-: ! i - " ' ? v - n th- Bi lmont Park ''??' ???' of l iberty r?'-c a year ..go, left Toronto ? | hour3 and twenty one minutes before his -'plane touched earth on Roosevelt Field. His actual flying time vas- three hour.-? and tliir minutes, or almost two and one Mi a milei a minute. His time on each "hop" was; ?. ronto to Buffalo, 33 minutes; Buffalo to Syracuse, 62 minutes; Syra s';| '" to Ubany, . '. minutes; Albany lr? Mini ola, 6 : minutes. Total, -Y'* mil ?. in . i . minute . Two Other, \rrive n m mute: a fter Coombs arrived, Ro and RohlJ c ?mo to earth i" Ins Curtiss Oriole. Hi did not announce hi ? time. He was followed by Major ?? M. Schroeii-:- in a Vought VE-7. He was six hour;, and twenty-two min? utes from the starting iield and was four hours and three minutes in the ?*ir. His flying time was: Toronto t? Buffalo, 35 minutes; Buffalo to Syracuse, 77 minutes; Syra cu ? to Albany, 58 minutes; Albany to Mine?la, 72 minutes. Total, ul'J. miles >n 243 inimit?s. ' oomba was the second contestant to '"? started from Toronto by the Prince " -Vales. He took ofl from the grounds '' ''? ' anadian National Exhibition ?-' '< 50 o'clock vesterday afternoon. ' ing straight across Lake On I ii o nto a terrific gale of wind, which v ?? ? accompanied by a heavy rain, ' oombs drove his machine in a straight course for Buffalo, the first, control ition, where he was the first to ar Jivr ? '*m- staying there the prescribed thirty minutes he again took off, and J ut< nant Maurice Hollanfl, ?ils nav. gator, laid a direct course for Syra? cuse, the next control stop. From Syr? acuse to Albany Coombs passed several ?1 the New York contestants on their Way to Toronto. After waiting the thirty minutes at Albany Coombs started on the last lap bi the day's fl hi and made u perfect landing at I.. i. ? i-, i-i, l.i, at 7:11 ?''?-'?"'? Perfect Landings Made rhe landing of the tnree roronto airplanes which succeeded in reaching Mine?la last night -'.-?-- accomplished in the rays of searchlights and flares ?hat had been set about th?* field a^ ??>? order of Colonel Arcnie Miller. De Continued on page three Tribune Mtin to Report Finish of Race From Air 1J0LAND ROHLPS, holder of the world's altitude record, was the second to arrive at Roosevelt Field, L. !.. last night in the international aerial handicap race from Toronto. Rohlfs made the flight in about three and a half hours' flying time in the Curtiss Oriole biplane which will be used by The New York Tribune to? day to cover the second leg- of the race. Rohlfs will take off again at Roose? velt Field this morning for the re? turn flight, to Toronto. With him as observer will go Jack Binhs, aviation reporter ol" The Tribune, who is to report by wireless the finish of the world's greatest airplane race. Troops Ordered From America to Police Silesia Two Regiments ?Sow in V. S, To Be Equipped in Coblens Before Pro? ceeding Across Germany COBLENZ, Aug. 25 (By The Asso? ciated Press).?The 5th and 50th United States Infantry Regiments, which arc now in the United States, have been ordered to Silesia. They will come direct to Coblenz to be ?quipped before proceeding across Germany, according; to word received at headquarters here to-day. It is expected that the two regiments will remain in the Coblenz region for at least a month before leaving for ?Silesia. The equipment, to be given them will include fiele! and hospital outfits sud two months' rations. WASHINGTON, Aug. 25. . United States soliders will comprise part of any Allied army that the Supreme Council in Paris decides to send to Silesia for po;.i??o duty, it ?vas said to day at the State Department. "Silesia is enemy territory," ?-aid one official, "and if it is agreed that Allied troop-, should be sent there, of course the United States will furnish it. .'are of the armed force.'' Under the peace treaty Allied troops will police Silesia during the holding of a plebiscite. PARIS. Aug. 25.?Germany has de? clined to invite Allied troops to police Silesia before they have that right under the treaty, which stipulates that they are ;<a safeguard the plebiscite then?. Wilson Seeks lo Stop Alien influx WASHINGTON, Aug. 25..To prevent on influx of aliens into the United States after 'peace is declared. Presi? dent Wilson in a message to Congress to-day asked that the passport law in effect during rn?? war be continued for one year after the proclamation of peace. The President asked for an appro? priation of S7SO.00O for the use of the State Department in administering the law eluring the remainder of the fiscal year and to enable it to increase its organization abroad. The. present or? ganization, 'he message said, now is overwhelmed with application.-; for passports. "Information from the agents of the governments in foreign countries," the. President wrote, "indicate that as soon as the existing restriction^ upon travel are removed, many persons will seek admission to this country, and that among the number arc not only persons undesirable from the point of view of becoming future citizens, but persons whose origin and affiliation make it inadvisable that they should be per? mitted to niter the United States. "The experience gained during the war shows thai an officient system of passport control, administered by the Department of State through the diplo? matic an'd consular officers in foreign countries, can be depended upon to ex elude practically all persons whose ad mission to the United States would be il ingerous ?r contrary to the public interest." Baltimore Mayor Cool to de Va lera Sveeial Correspondent? BALTIMORE, Aug. 25.?The two most noteworthy features of Eanion do Val era's visit to Baltimore to-day were the refusal of Mayor Broening to re? ceive him officially as presiden? ?>f the Irish republic and Cardinal Gibbons, courteous reception of him and timely suggestion concerning the meeting at night: "That if be characterized by wisdom, judgment and discretion so it may enlist, new friends to your cause." Ttio Irish leader was accorded a great reception on his arrival at Union sta? tion by several thousand American citi? zens of Irish birth or extraction. Then a party of prominent Irish men and women escorted him to City Hall. They lined un in the reception hall. It had'been planned to present the visitor with a set of resolutions adopted by the city council inviting him to Balti? more. When th? mayor entered Stephen MeDonough handed him the resolution? The mayor quietly informed him that ho could not make th? presentation, nor could h* recognize the visitor as the president of Ireland. Turning to Valera, the mayor took his hand and said: "I welcome you to Baltimore, as a vis? itor and I hone your stay will be plcar ant." "I thank you" said da Valera I am convinced that the Irish Republic has many friends In Baltimore. Grand Jury 1 Scrutinizes Milk Prices Inquiry Into Conditions in Dry Goods, Clothing and Shoes Is Begun hy Williams Committee ?Big Order Placed For Army Supplies Special Commissioner to Investigate State Mar? ket Council Is Named Developments here yesterday in the fight on the high cost, of living were: The first testimony in the milk price investigation was presented by Dis? trict Attorney Swann to the extraor? dinary grand jury impanelled by Supreme Court Justice Bartow S. Weeks. The sub-committee, on drygoods, cloth? ing and shoes of the Fair Price Com? mittee appointed by Arthur William,, held its initial session yesterday, with Colonel Michael M. Friedsam presiding. Plans; For insuring fan clothing prices were discussed, but none was formally adopted. Acting Markets Commissioner William H. Smith and Deputy Commissioner Edwin J. O'Malley placed a big ordev with the government for evaporated fruits, cocoa end canned fruits. The effect of the army sale ou the price market. 1135 reflected in two offer:, to sell canned goods to the city made by dealers to the Public Markets Dc partnient. George Gordon Battle was appointed h ? Governor Smith as a special commis f-ioner to investigate the State Farm and Markets Council. Swan n (Joeslion s Milk Board Head The inquiry by the extraordinary grand jury into the milk price situa? tion got under way yesterday, with District Attorney Swann and two of his assistants, Arthur ,5. Talley and Alfred B. linger, presenting the evi? dence. Charles A. Weiant, former head of the New York Milk Conference Board and also a former president of the Bordefrs Farm Products Company, a?. well as a member of Governor Smith's Milk Commission, was the first wit? ness. Mr. Weiant's testimony was not complete when the session ended, and he will be. recalled to-day. Other wit? nesses who are expected to testify to-day are I. A. Von Bomel, vice-presi? dent of the. Sheffield Farms Company and a member of the conference com mit tee of the New York Milk Con? ference Board; I. Flkins Nathan, sec? retary of the Milk Conference Board, and a veteran witness oi numerous milk hearings; D. ... Austin, head of the Nestle Food Company, and H. ?. Cronk, a distributer. Inquiry to Bo Prolonged The first part of the inquiry will be concentrated on the activities of the New York Milk Conference Board. It is expected one month will be con? sumed m hearing witnesses on this phase, of the inquiry, a-, the District Attorney plan;; to call 100 witnesses. Great stress was place?! yesterday on the introduction <?f the by laws and minutes of the Milk Conference Board. The District Attorney was particularly interested in the naming of the tenth of each month m thf by-laws as tin: meeting date for the conference coin mittee- members. Mr. Swann will en? deavor to show that this committee vir? tually fixed the milk price for the city. As h nu m her of the me m hers ?if the Milk Conference Bear?! do business in Connecticut. New *Jersey and Penn? sylvania, Mr. Swann intends to turn over any evidence on violation of in? terstate commerce acts, particularly of the Sherman act, to the Federal au? thorities here. R. ? T. Joyce, Assistant United States Attorney, has been des? ignated by the United States Attorney, F. G. Caffey. to work on this angle of the. milk situation. Mr. ?Joyce quiet? ly has been conducting an investiga? tion of his own for a week. Fin.ey Report Interest? Interest i?i the report of Governor Smith's food commissioners, Dr. .lohn H. Finley and former Governor Martin H. Glyn_n, was as keen ar-, that in the grand jury proceedings yesterday. Officials of the Dairymen's League, the producers' organization made up of more than 80.000 members, expressed themselves pleased with the report. E. R. Eastman, general manager, and Al? bert Manning, secretary of the league, declared that vindication of the farmer by the commissioners comes at a propi? tious time. The outlook of dairymen, they asserted, has been becoming pessi 1 mistic with the advent of fall and win? ter and has manifested itself in their willingness to dispose of their cattle j to exporters. Mr. Eastman declared that, virtually every farmer ifl tiiP state ?<_-. certain the distributers ha.e been gleaning the greater earning, from the milk traffic. )\r also declared the recent newspaper agitation against the dairy industry has been contributory to the sale of fowr. for export. Mr. Eastman has just returned from an expensive Continued on page six President, in Fear for Pact, Sees Swan son Makes Unexpected Trip to Capitol to Confer With Senator on Pros? pects of the Document New York Tribune Wajhii>oton Bureau WASHINGTON, Aug. 25.?President Wilson went to the Capitol late to-day for a long conference with Senator Swanson, Administration leader in the absence of Senator Hitchcock. He told no one at the White House where he -was going. Although Senator Swanson refused to comment on the conference it. is un? derstood that reports of the Senator's pessimism over the decision of Hie Foreign Relations Committee to amend the ?Shantung section of the treaty ha?! reached the ears of the President and he wanted to find out what the pros? pects were thai the Renate would ac i"pt the committee's proposed amend? ment. Wants Delegates ETccfriT Other developments on tho treaty situation in the Senate to-day were: Senator Jones, of Washington, in? troduced a bill providing that America should have. three rep? resentatives in the league assembly, that these three delegates should be j elected by the people just as Presi- | dents and Vice-Presidents are elected, that they should never vote to commit the United States to war without instructions from Congress, and that notice be hereby given that the United States will ? withdraw from the league unless all nations abolish conscription within two years. The Foreign Relations Qopimittee ngreet) to vote to-morrow morning on. the Fall amendments. These are twenty-three in number, but. their purpose in each instance is to elim? inate the United States from all com? missions and bodies set up by the treaty for the administration uf va? rious territories and questions. The Senate Judiciary Sub-Commit? tee reported that ratification of the proposed defensive alliance with Francs was within the. constitutional powers of the Senat? and President of the. United State?. Aroused by Japanese News Opposition to the Shantung section of the treaty was hardened by re ports from Tokio that the Japanese ''ahmet had decided to exclude Man rhuria and Mongolia, two large Chi? nese provinces, from the proposed consortium under which Britain, France, the. United States and Japan would assume a dominant position in the finances of China. Appearing in behalf of the Egyp Contintied on page four ?II id va le Workers Denoiinee Demand for Higher Wages 'INHERE were ninety-three members of the committee of employes of the Midvale Steel and Ordnance Company present, at the Atlantic City meeting last Saturday when ;i resolution was adopted opposing further demands for increased wages and shorter working hours. They had been elected under the bargaining plan adopled by Midvale workmen. The full text, of the resolu? tion follows: Whereas, The high cost of living needs lo he abated by diligent, off) cient and conscient ions labor, by thrift and by avoidance of waste and extravagance; and Whereas, The price of commodit?s is regulated by the day's labor of a man and the real unit of value or the unit of compensation is not a dollar, but the purchasing price of a . dollar, and that the price of all things, meaning the average price of everything wo use and consume, which is commonly referred to ? tin average price of commodities, is fixod, regulated, raised or lowered by the average compensation re? ceived for one hour's work by every man ,-ind every woman; and Whereas, We believe the only -uro reined?, foi ihr- high cost of living is tncreasoH production and the stab? ilization of prices in conformity with wages now being pawl; and Whereat*. W?? believe any workman who demands a greater proportionate return for his labor than his fellow workmen in other lines are getting is as guilty of profiteering as a grocer who charges exorbitant price! for the necessities of life, and that in? creases in wages paid to certain classes of workers by the govern? ment or others will result in higher prices being set by the profiteers for the necessities of living to all purchasers alike. It is, therefore, Resolved, That the persistent and unceasing demand of workmen em? ployed in all classes and kinds of in? dustrio.? for a shorter day's work and an increased wage in order to meet the present high cos? of liv'tiir is uneconomic and unwise and should not be encouraged. Resolved, further, That private mo? nopolies should he controlled and profits restricted I o a rate that shall be fair to the consumer; Resolved, further. That unnecessary exports of food' and clothing be re? stricted and that all stores of hoard? ed supplies be uncovered and placed in the open market; Resolved, further. That, copies of this resolution be forwarded to the President of rne United States, to the Senators in Congress from Penn? sylvania and fo the Congressmen'of the various districts in which a?-e Located the various plants of the Midvale Steel anil Ordnance Company, and to the -tato and municipal au? thorities, to the end that they may by. all the Rowers and means t.j thoir. available, endeavor to bring about normal conditions, with special priv? ileges to none but ju.-tice to all, and ?lire and swift retribution for those who may attempt 0? profiteer m the necessities of life? Rail Leaders Disappointed; Strike Feared Executive Committee of Shopmen Meets and En? tire Situation May Be Referred flack to Unions WASHINGTON, Aug. 25.?-The shop? men's general committee of on" hun? dred held a meeting to-night at. the National Hot-el to discuss the Presi? dent's decision in regard to the. de? mand of the railway shop organiza? tions for increased nay. The members of the committee were evidently great? ly disappointed. At the same time the executive com? mittee held a protracted session in the offices of the American Federation of Labor. It vas not expected that any public statement would be issued be? fore to-morrow. Acting President Jewell of the rail? way employe-,' department of the Amer? ican Federation of Labor and his ad? visers said they would communicate the decision to the union iocals for ac? ceptance or rejection. A strike vote completed yesterday but not yet tabu? lated, was on the question whether th. men should quit work to enforce con? sideration of their demands by th? railroad administration instead of bj a Congressional commission, as firs suggesh'd. As this plan was aban doned, the vote, whatever its result, i: non-effective, and th" shopmen nov have an entirely new q?iestion befor? them. Before any.final decision is rcachei it. may he necessary to have the vhol i-ituation canvassed by the offi?'ors o the foiirte^n railway employes' ??rgan izations, for while the President's de cisi?n is in answer only to the demand of the shopmen its principles relat to the whol? body of demand? for in creased wages by the. railway employes either formulated or in prospect. The rejection of th? shopmen'?, ful demands is in effect a rejection o of those of all other organizations. I the shopmen accept the decision tb other organizations can hardly pus their ?MainT-, further at this time, 1 they (Jo not accept it, therefore, it prob ablv will be after ascertaining that th other organizations v ill =upport th shopmen and are through with thei pwn demands. Fo0r is expressed here that havin no further hope in the President, th railway employes' organization:^ ma decide 'hat now ?-. the time to brin th? question of nationalization of tfe railways t? * heaH by means of a ger era! railway strike ??hieb ???-e.v for? Congress t? adopt the Plumb plan < some other form of government owne ship. President Appeals to Public to Insist Upon Industrial Truce During Readjustment Cost of Living Certainly Has Reached Peak, He Says Workers Told They Must Accept Share of Burden Under Pres? ent Economic Conditions WASHINGTON, Aug. 25.?President Wilson, in granting the railroad shopmen increased pay of only four cents an hour?against the 15 to '21 cent increase they demanded?to-day issued These Warning? "We are face to face with a situation which is more likely to affect the happiness and prosperity and even the life of our people than the war itself. We have now got to do nothing less than bring our industries and our labor of every kind back to a normal basis, and the winter just ahead of us may bring suffering infinitely greater than the war brought upon us if we blunder or fail in tbe process. "Demands unwisely made and passionately insisted upon at this time menace the peace and prosperity of the country as nothing olea could. "Increases in wages will certainly result in still further increas? ing the costs of production, and, therefore, the cost of living, and w? should only have to go through the same process again. Any sub? stantial increase of wages in leading lines of industry at this time would utterly crush the general campaign which the government ? waging, with energy, vigor and substantial hope of success, to reduce the high cost of living." To combat the danger the President put forth These Injunctions "We'ought to postpone question.-; of this sort until we have th? opportunity for certain calculation as to the relation:- between wag??? and the cost of living. It is the duty of every citizen to in-i-t upon a truce in such contests until intelligent settlements can ?>e made." "Only by keeping the cost of production on its present ievei, by increasing production, and by rigid economy and saving on the pa ? of the people can we hope for large decreases in the burdem orae co of living which now weighs us down.'' "The fact is that the cost of living has certainly reached ?I ? peak, and will probably be lowered by the efforts which are now everywhere bring concerted and carried out. It will certainly be lowered s?o oon as there are settled conditions of production and of commerce; thai so soon as the treaty of peace is ratified and in operation." The President issued two statements. The first, addressed to th?a railway employes' department of the American Federation of Lahor was notice that the shopmen would be granted only an increas? which put them on a parity with other railway employes without begi i new cycle of wage increases. This was a warning to railroad labor ::;? nerd that a halt must be called on wage increases. The other statement was addressed to "My follow citizens," and is ati appeal to the public to recognize the '?rnvWy of the situation. The President believes, it is said by those close to him, thai the good sense of the railway men will prevent ;. strike, but he has made up his mind that the. government, has reached the absolute limit of railway wage increases at this time, and that it would be better to fight the l-su* out now than to concede demands that would lead to other:- that would b? impossible of attainment. The Appeal lo the People Increase in Wages Now Would Crush Campaign to Cut Prices. Says President The President's statement to the vublic follow s: "My Fellow Citizens: ' // A SITUATION has arisen in /-\ connection with the ad ministration of the rail ways which is of such genera! sig? nificance that 1 think it my duty to make a public statement concern? ing it, in order that the whole coun? try may know what is involved. "The railroad shopmen have de? manded a large increase in wages. They are receiving b?, ??, and 68 cents an hour. They demand -.5 cents an hour. This demand has been given careful and serious con? sideration by the board which wad constituted by the railroad adminis? tration to adjust questions of wage?, a board consisting of an e?yuai nu of representatives of employes an i <-f the operating manager- of the railroad companies. This board has been unable to come to ar. agr? ? ment, and it has therefore devolved upon the Director General of Rail? roads and myself to act upon the merits of the case. "The shopmen urge t7.at they are entitled to higher wages because of the higher wages for the present re? ceived by men doing a similar work in ship yards, navy yards, and ar? senals, as well as in a number of private industries, but. I concur with the Direc'or Genera! in thinking that there is no real basis of com parison between the settled employ men; afforded mechanics by the rail roads under living conditions as various a* the location and surround? ings of th<? railway shop? themselves and the fluctuating employment af? forded in industries exceptionally i and temporarily stimulated by th . [ war and located almost -Jithout ei rep'ion in industrial centres wh??rt the cosl of livii g i ; Higl? Coi-t of Living Very Potent Argument "'! he . tantial ?? ?.: ... ni w h-.ch t h?- ? hopme n irge is the -. ? -. m i '? ou incr >c in t he ? , . itiR. Thi3 v a -?l'y potent - . iment in? deed. But the fact thai tne <o?t of living has certainly . tached it?, ppak. an?! will probably ? lowered by the efforts which arc now every? where being concerted and carried out. It will certainly be Lowered so soon as there ar?? settled conditions ofsproduction and of commerce; that i . bo soon as the treat} of peace ia ratified and in opera i mer nts, manufacture! farmers, min? ers all have i certaii oi calcu? lation as to what t h will be and wha th< conditioi will ba under whi?-h it must be conducted "The demand of the s?iopmen, therefore, and all similar demand? are in effect thin: That we make In? creases in w.a2?\i which ar" likely to ? be permanent in order fn meet a temporary situation ?h'rh will last nobody can certainly tell h->w (?Mil;, but in a'! probability only tor a lir??i!p'l t i'tie. Inn easat in wages will, moreover, certainl; re still Further increasing I > e co I of production an?!, therefore, he cist. of living, and w e hould ? to '?a through ? apain. "An,?. substantial Increase e?f wages m lead'''g lines of industry at this time would ???????v erush th? general campa'pu w?Wh th? go?? ernment is waging, i with energy.