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ADVERTISED IN THE Iribune IS GUARANTEED Vol. LXXIX No. 26,586 I Copyright. 1810. New York Tribun? Ine.l First to Last?the Truth: New* . FJi+*~i~i a^ T l -z^z^rz^r^r^^===J^-=^zI-lJ^lX^ rig l s Advertisements ffirilnmt WEATHER Showers and thunderstorms to-dayj to-morrow fair, not much change in temperature. Full lb-port on Puce 12 SUNDAY. AUGUST 31. lOtO-KIGHT PARTS-74~?AGES-PARTS~7 AND II NEWS SECTION SPOBTS (SECTION V * * FIVE CENTS ?" "^ YORK CITT War Inquiry Board Defied By Pershing General Refuses to Ap? pear Before Investiga? tors, Saying Records Are Being Sent to U. S. Hearing to Go On, Committee States Mr. Bland Says Re? fusal Is More Evidence of War Dept. Autocracy FARI^. Aug. 30.?General John J.j Pershing, commander in chief of the American Kx| litioi ary Force, has re- ' fused to t< stify before the subcommit? tee o." three o? the Congressional Com- I mittee on Expc nditures by the War De- : partment winch has been conducting an investigation in France. The general's refusal led to the is guanee of 3 joint statement by Repre- j gentatives Poyal C. Johnson and Oscar ; E. Bland, of the sub-committee, in which regret was expressed that there j should be a conflict between the mili- ? tary and civil authorities of the govern ment In a separate statement, in which Representative Johnson did not join, Mr. Bland declared the general's action was an example of the "indifference and conten?] "own during the entire war by the War Department toward the wishes of the people and their repre- '< gentatives. Records Not Available General Pershing, ?n being shown this statement said that all the activi? ties of the American Expeditionary j Force were open to investigation, but' that he found it impossible on the last | day of his stay . France to comply with the request of the committee, as all his n cords had been shipped to the United ist; ti - Although General Pershing said he had no further comment to make upon the incident, it was learned at his headquarters that all documents of the I general staff viro shipped to Brest Augus* 25 and Aero on the transport Leviathan before the general received; notice he was expected to appear be-! fort1 thi committi e. it was said that the first notice of j the.visit of the committee was received \ at he. [quarters Thursday, when the! pbcf- vv?< already topsy-turvy with backing cases filled with papers and j books in all the hallways and the staff i reduced to those immediately con-! ri?cted offici of the com-! '??'?' who are leaving with : bj special train to? morrow. Joint Statement Issued Thi i". of the joint statement ; read. : "Sub-committee No. 3 of the com? mittee on Expenditures in the War Depart m ?i ; was requested by mem bers of the .Senate and House and j members of the full committee to i have General Pershing testify on a number of important matters which ! the committee'came here to investi- j gate, among which were the fixing of responsibility for the mistreat- j ment of American soldiers in prison in France, his views on court mar tial laws and regulations pertaining . thereto, regulations with reference ? to the burial of American dead, anoT j certain military operation?, particu- ! larly on November 10 and 11, 1918. "An outline of the ear!;.- organiza? tion of the American Expeditionary Force for the expenditure of funds arid the payment of claims also was desired. "We regarded it as important that the highest officer of the American Expeditionary Force give us the bene::'. of hi- intimate knowledge of all thee affairs. Technically, the American Congress may have no in? quisitorial jurisdiction over Amer? ican citizens when outside the United States, but we know no prece? dent for the refusal of an American citizen to recognize that jurisdic? tion. "General Pershing declined to tes? tify on the ground that the records were not available. He was in? formed that most of the questions to be propounded would not' require data. He then declined to appear befor" the committee and testify. He wiil later be called to appear be? fore the committee in the United State?. "Trip sub-committee has already examined the Secretary of War and the chief of staff concerning some ?f the matters referred to, but was 'old that the information was in Prance. Conflict I? Kegretted "It is regrettable that there should ?e even the appearance of conflict between the military and civil au? thorities at a time when the world 'bould become normal and be gov? erned, not by armies or individuals, but by law." Will Get Along, Says Rland Representative Bland's statement reads: 'All I care to say personally about '-?enera! Per-lung's refusal to testify Wore the Congressional commit? tee- and I speak for myself alone? JJ that he and his army are bigger 'ban our deputy sergeant-at-arms of j-"e House of Representatives, and nc. of course, can avoid giving us the '"formation we desire. 1 think it is ?PParent that, the War Department has during the entire war shown its indifference and contempt for the wishes of the people and their rep r*sentatives, and this is only a clear eut> concrete example of that senti? ment. "For the time being we will try to Bet along in our investigations here Without General Pershing'a aid." Ambassador Wallace to-night gave a on uf *n no"or of President Poincar? n the occasion of General Pershing's ?Parture for the United States. B>*ener?l Pershing will leave Paris for rest Sunday evening, sailing on the **viathan September 1. ^5*. w??nen ?re advertUinir for donimtie -Witloaa?Conault the Classtn>d ?n ""???pat? ut to-4?y? Tribune,?Advt. Ludendorf f Proved to Be Plunger Official Records of Last Days of War Show He; Was Guiding Genius of Mailed Fist to the End! _ He Is Condemned ! In "White Book" Stood Out for Strong Domestic Discipline ; Backed by the Kaiser npHE German view of the closing months of the Great War, when i he Kaiser's vanquished armies were \ retreating before Foch, are given in j the last White Book, published July SI, copies of which have just been received in this country. The book contains all documents relating to the peace negotiations between Au? gust IS and November 11 last. Fol? lowing is a digest of the volume's salieyit points: By Eugene S. Bagger Whatever the other merits of the White Book are one definite result it certainly achieves: it winds up the evidence in the case of Ludendorff. As | to his role in the last months of the j world struggle not much will remain i to be said hereafter. And the most ! striking feature of the material pre- ? sented here from the most authentic I source, the archives of the German | Foreign Office and the imperial chan? cellery, is not its novelty, hut the sup? port it gives to the prevalent concep? tion of the former German quarter? master general's character. Public opinion the world over rated him?for reasons rooting in popular instinct as much as in available proof as the evil spirit of Germany, the real directing genius of that tremen? dous machine of slaughter and selfish? ness and bigotry called Prussian mili? tarism. That popular judgment did not err in this respect 5s the testimony submitted to the world by the German government itself. Contains Official Dala The volume contains in its lSt> pages 110 document?, starting with the min? utes of a meeting at General Head- j quarters on August 14, 1918, and wind? ing up with a telegram dated November 11 from Admiral von Hintze to the: Foreign Office, announcing the going j into effect of the armistice. The ma- ! terial includes minutes and protocols I o? meetings at headquarters and of the ! Ministry, confidential telegrams and messages, letters, records of telephone conversations, memoranda, etc., as well ! as the text of notes of the German j government tran*mitted to the enemy. | Ludendorff Is the dominant figure j of the meeting held at General Head? quarters on August 14, 1918, the min? utes of which form the first document. Present also at the meeting were the Kaiser, Crown Prince and von Hinden burg. the Imperial Chancellor, von Hertling, Foreign Secretary Solf, Gen? eral Adjutant von Plessen and two other officials. Chancellor von Hertling?as the document puts it in syllabus form? ?'expounded the domestic situation? general war-weariness food insuffi? ciency?clothing shortage even worse." The Chancellor mentioned the ques? tion of aulfrage reform in Prussia as the most menacing element of the political situation. Ludendorff for Iron Hand General Ludendorff took the floor to offer remedies. We must have "a stronger domestic discipline," he said, "a concentration of all interior re? sources with renewed energy," and? this is evidently to stimulate the morale of the German people?"the punishment of Prince Lichnowsky." The Foreign Secretary arose and painted the situation abroad in the darkest colors. "The enemy's confidence in victory is more elevated than ever," he said. Dr. Soli explained this confidence was partly due to successes on the Western front, but more to the growing conviction that the Entente, with its inexhaustible resources of all kind3, would in the end inevitably smash the Central Powers. The attitude of the neutrals, par? ticularly Spain, with her protests against the U-boat warfare, Dr. Solf said, showed that they also were be? ginning to feel that the Central Powers were doomed. He ad? mitted that Germany's allies ? Aus? tria-Hungary, Bulgaria and Turkey? were on the verge of collapse. Very cautiously the Secretary ap? proached the subject of negotiations. After-the Crown Prince had urged the "strengthening of the domestic front" the Kaiser arose and declared he would order the generals and officials "to maintain better order at home." As to man power, he added: "There are still a bunch of young men running around in Berlin at large." He urged that "an opportune moment be awaited to at? tempt reaching an understanding with the enemy." Hoped lor a Success Chancellor Hertling suggested that this opportune moment would be im? mediately after the first success on the Western front. He was followed by von Hindenburg. The entry in the minutes reads: "Field Marshal von Hindenburg de? clares that it will be feasible to remain on French soil and thereby to enforce, in the end, our will on the enemy." The White Book appends this foot? note : "This statement by the field marshal ran in the minutes originally: Gener? al von Hindenburg 'hopes' that it 'may, in spite of all, be feasible' etc. The change, into the more definite form, 'declares that it will be feasible,' was written, as the handwriting and pencil used testify, by General Ludendorff'3 hand." Ludendorff'8 name as plunger is borne out in the White Book. The epithet "hasardeur," hurled at him by Scheidemann and debated with vehe? mence for weeks on the floor of the Assembly at Weimar, finds support in words out of the general's own mouth. A telegram sent by Councillor Gruenau Continued on page five Senator Knox to the Rescue jump for your, life ? that ship's liable: to hit A ROCK OR. SOMETHING-1' (Copyright., 1919. New York Tribun? Inc.) Palmer Asserts \ Freyliiighuysen Favored Aliens Calder AI?o Accused by At? torney General of Oppos? ing U. S. Control of Ger? man Owned Properly WASHINGTON, Aug. SO.?A. Mitchell Palmer, whose nomination as Attorney General was confirmed yesterday by the Senate, came back vigorously to? day at Senator P'relinghuysen, Repub? lican, of New Jersey, leader of the forces in the Senate which had for a number of weeks held up confirmation of the nomination. Charging that Mr. Frelinghuysen was constantly active in behalf of German property owners in the United States ? during the war and attempted to in? fluence legislation which would affect adversely companies in which he per? sonally was interested financially, the Attorney General gave a detailed ac? count of alleged activities of the New Jersey Senator while this country was at war with Germany. Calder Also Mentioned Senator Calder, Republican, of New York, also was referred to in Mr. Palmer's statement. "No American interest has asked?or any investigations of the Alien Prop? erty Custodian," Mr. Palmer declared. "No American interest is complaining; the Germans are complaining very severely. Senators Frelinghuysen and Calder? are pleasing Germany in this business. They have received special mention by the German Foreign Office for their activities, which Germany hopes may result in the Germans get? ting all their property back. 1 have a copy of my alien property report printed in Berlin in German, with an introduction signed 'Foreign Oftice.' I quote from an exact translation of this document: 'That the administra? tion of alien property is considered not without suspicion in the United States herself, is evident in the action taken by the Senate because of the resolu? tion presented last February by Sena? tors Frelinghuysen and Calder, de? manding an investigation of the Alien Property Custodian, because of misap? propriation and favoritism. So far as ?is here known the Senate also has re? fused to appoint Mr. Palmer as At torny General. It is hoped that this investigation will lead to a just in? quiry into the management of the alien property and to a fairer judgment of German measures.' " Enemy Trading Act Opposed Mr. Palmer declared Senator Fre? linghuysen was not really antagonistic to him, but to the trading with the Enemy act which he had administered, and "he has been especially against the Americanization of the industrial concerns in America owned by our enemies and heretofore used in a hos? tile way against this country's inter* ests." While the act was under considera? tion, Mr. Palmer said, quoting the official record of the hearings, Mr. Frelinghuysen introduced to the Senate Committee on Commerce, Neal Bassett, who strongly urged that enemy owned insurance companies in this country should not be disturbed. Insurance Interest Charged "Mr. Bassett was followed by Sen? ator Frelinghuysen with a statement designed to support his arguments," Mr. Palmer said, "but Senator Freling? huysen did not tell the committee he was at that time financially interested in four insurance companies whose re? lations with German companies would Consumer to Benefit By Breaks in Market WASHINGTON, Aug. 30.?Unless ? reduction in wholesale food prices, resulting from sharp breaks on the produce markets, are passed on to the consumer, vigorous puni? tive action will be taken by the De? partment of Justice, it was said to? day. Since most dealers now are co? operating in the campaign to reduce living costs, officials said the iower wholesale prices should be reflected on the retail market soon. Profiteering in sugar virtually has ceased, according to Judge Ames, assistant to the Attorney General, in charge of administering the food control law. Eleven cents, he said, now is accepted as the just price by dealers throughout the country. be adroitly affected by the legislation then proposed." Mr. Palmer said the Senator pro? tested to him against interference with and sale of the big German-owned woo.llen mills in Passaic, N. J. "He was the only member of Con? gress," the statement continued, "who ever sought to stay the hand of the Alien Property Custodian in taking over or disposing of enemy-owned properties in the United States." In liquidating the business of Ger? man-owned insurance companies, Mr. Palmer said he received patriotic co? operation from all except one Ameri? can company which had reinsurance contracts with the enemy corporations. Senator Head of Company "The only American insurance com? pany that stood in the way, therefore, of the final and complete liquidation of German insurance companies in the United States." Mr. Palmer said, "was the Stuyvesant Insurance Company, of which the president is Senator Joseph S. Frelinghuysen, of New Jersey.'" Mr. Palmer quoted the Congressional record to show that Senator Freling? huysen was the only one of the fifty two members of Congress who voted against the passage, of the amendment to the trading with the enemy act, which gave the Alien Property Cus todian power "to sell German-owned properties which had been spy centres and nests of sedition and to permit these great properties to be put in American hands." Refound Empire* Urges Hindenburg %We Must Again Become That Which We Once Were* He Tells Germans HANOVER, Prussia, Aug. 30 (By The ? Associated Press).? Addressing a dele ; gation of students serenading him on | the occasion of the fifth anniversary ; of the Battle of Tannenberg, Field | Marshal von Hindenburg said: I "If, five years ago. I was permitted to win a brilliant victory, it was due I to the dispensation of Providence and the spirit, of the troops assigned to me. I We must hold on to this spirit in the | sad days which are now overcoming I us; we must not lose courage because I the pariahs of society and helots are our enemies. "We. must again become that which we once were, when in Versailles the new German Empire was proclaimed, I being among those permitted to join in the first three cheers for the Em? peror. The spirit of those days must not be lost to us in these days of laxity and falseness." I Looking for a. position? Connntt the Help Wanted advertisement* In to-day'? Trib? une,?Advt. i Split Likely At Socialist Meeting To-day Rupture Expected When the Credentials Committee Reports on Contests at j Convention in Chicago ! -. Special Corresponde/tea I CHICAGO, Aug. 30.?With acrimony j I marking every step in its national con | vention, which began here this morning | with a police row, the Socialist party I i to-night was on the verge of a definite I ? split that has been forecast for some' time. It seems certain, as the result of the bitterness engendered in the1 initial session, that this split will I come not later than to-morrow night.' The credentials committee, which to? night began the Work of ironing out thirteen contesti in as many states in? volving nearly forty delegates, was ex? pected to furnish the excuse for a j "Left Wing" revolt, when it reports to I the convention at 2 o'clock to-morrow ! afternoon. I The regulars, or "Rights," headed by j Seymour Stedman, Victor Berger, of j Milwaukee, and National Secretary ? Adolph Germer, were in full control of I the session to-day, having obtained it! i by what the "Left Wingers," headed ; ? by John Reed, of New York, called j i "police aid." Stedman was elected ! chairman of the convention and Julius Gerber, of New York, secretary, after ! the police had cleared the hall of ultra i radicals who had pre-empted the seats , j of delegates. Just before adjournment to-night ] bitter debate was precipitated between ? j "left" and "right wingers" in which j the latter were accused of having de ; liberately called the police in order ; to gain control of the convention. The immediate result of the row was ! the calling of a left wing caccus to I night, to lay plans of action for to ! morrow. A bolt from the main con 1 vention and the organization of a ; separate party much like the Inde ? pendents of Germany is contemplated. "We aro the party," said Mr. Berger ! to-night. "The others are just a lot | o? anarchists." "Thp left wing," explained I. B. Fer ' guson, of New York, its secretary, "rep ; resents about MO per cent of the So 1 cialist party. The executive council in ! power has managed to keep its place by throwing out, under one pretext or another, such states as voted against 1 it. At this convention the right wing 1 probably will elect a new executive council. This will result in returning ; members from the right wing to the council, because the left wing seems for the time out of the deliberations." Thr tight which ushered in the con , vention started when Reed, who is a ; left wing publicist, endeavored to ! punch Gerber, member of the right wing, in the face. A squad of bluecoats hurried to the scene and, under the direction of the right wing leaders, cleared the conven ? tion hall of all left wing members. The ; left wing delegates, among them Rose : Pastor Stokes, Kate Sadler and I. E. Ferguson, were commanded to secure white cards for admission. Heretofore . the red card had been the accepted ! sesame. Organization work took up the entire session. The credentials committee, , headed by Judge Jacob Pankin, of New York, a "right winger,"' to-night took , up the contests from California, Iowa i and Illinois. William Bross Lloyd, a | millionaire "left winger" is contesting ' for a seat from Illinois. During the day the effort of left wing J era to induce the convention to nomin | ate Eutrerre Debs and Kate Richards O'Hare "as the 1920 Presidential and j Vice-Presidential candidates was de I feated when the delegates sustained the point, of order of Chairman Sted? man that the call for the convention I did not not provide for such nomina? tions at this time. ? A. F. of L. Council Fails To Indorse Plumb Plan; May Avert Steel Strike Wilson Thanks Strikers Who Return WASHINGTON, Aug. 30.?President Wilson to-day wrote a Hoboken, N. J., painters' union, thanking its striking members for their action in returning to work and adopting resolutions in support of the government's efforts to relieve present abnormal economic conditions. The letter follows: "May I not express to you, and through you to your fellow members of Local 78, my admiration of the public spirited action they have taken, an action which I am sure is in the interest of the whole country as setting an example of patriotic cooperation ;n relieving, not complicating, a situa? tion which must be dealt with with as much wisdom as energy?" High Prices Laid to Short Production Defence Council Reports Curtailment, Hoarding and Profiteering Are Evils To Be Overcome JV??.' York Tribun* Washington Bureau WASHINGTON, Aug. 30.?The Coun? cil of National Defence, through its director, Grosvenor B. Clarkson, to-day made public a digest of its report on the high cost of living which is being transmitted to President Wilson and the members of Congress through Sec? retary of War Baker, chairman of the council. The findings of trie council indicate that the high cost of living is primar? ily due to curtailment in the produc? tion of nearly all commodities except raw food products, to hoarding of stor? age food products, to profiteering, conscious and unconscious, and to infla ! tion of circulating credit. In the opinion of the council the | situation may he most advantageously : net by stimulated production, by the repression of hoarding and profiteer? ing, by the improvement and standard? ization of methods and faciiities for distributing and marketing goods, and by the perfecting of means of keeping I the nation informed regarding prob? able national requirements and current production and stocks. The findings emphasize the fact that high standards of living cannot be maintained unon any basis of reduced production. The report assailed producers of woollen and cotton textiles, booU and shoes for deliberately curtailing their output after the signing of the armis? tice in order to force extortionate ! prices, and pointed out that this sort : of profiteering had not only helped to raise the cost of living, but had in? creased the numbel* of unemployed and I lowered the nation's capacity to i produce. i Analysis ot Problem The report, says, in part: "The problem of the high cost of i living is so inter-related with other re? construction problems that the opening of this problem is tantamount to open? ing up the question of reconstruction practically in its entirety. "An analysis of the high cost of liv? ing problem brings out the following facts and principles as constituting the essence of the situation: "1, The only complaints of high cost of living which have justification arc those which are based upon in? ability of present income to maintain previous or reasonable standards of living at present prices. "2. America's industrial and eeo ' nomic achievements during the war, not? withstanding depleted man power and diversion of productive effort to war purposes, demonstrate the ample abil? ity of the nation to sustain its popu? lation according to a standard of liv? ing equal to or above standards of liv? ing which obtained previous to or dur? ing the war. Evidence of Curtailment "3. The fundamental basis for the maintenance of national standards of living is adequate production, econom? ical distribution and fair apportion? ment among the various economic groups which constitute our society. With the exception of agricultural ac? tivity, production since the armistice has shown evidence of curtailment, and has in general been abnormally low. Normal consumption cannot continue unless an adequate rate of production is maintained. "4. Food production and the facili? ties for food production were improve'! rather than injured during the war. Moreover, the programme with respeci to food production since the signing .>'* the armistice has been one of vigorous expansion of the means of providing ; raw food products. "The number of cattle slaughtered in the period January to May, 1.919, was ?3,803,000, as against 4,204,000 for the corresponding period of 1918, though the national reserve of cattle on farms i had increased during the war. The sit? uation in regard to swine is similar. Less Civilian Clothing "5. The production of civilian cloths and clothing has suffered heavy cur? tailment since the signing of. the arm: stice. "Boot and shoe production for civil? ian use has likewise undergone extreme curtailment since the signing of the armistice. "Housing facilities, due to curtail ; ment, for many months following the | armistice, of the production of building i material and of building construction, ; is still far below normal. Rents con ' tinue to rise. "6. The first half of 1919 shows | diminished production of raw ma? terials and subnormal construction of new capital and thus indicates failure I to utilize an r.dequate proportion of I Continued on page seven ?r. Hylan Starts State - Wide Fare Fight Alleging Conspiracy to Get i Legislature to Sanction; Increase, He Calls for "Committee of 1,000" i Mayor Hylan yesterday launched a state-wide organization designed to pledge candidates for the Assembly at the coming election to vote aaa%nst in? creased fare legislation in 1920. The Mayor announced as the nucleus of the organization a committee of one thousand, of which his private sec- ' retary and future son-in-law, John P. Sinnott, is secretary. Tha Mayor named it the New York City Citizens' Commit tee to Fight the Eight-Cent Fare. The Mayor began yesterday to enlist the support of the New York State Conference of Mayors. He wrote to Mayor W. R. Stone of Syracuse, presi? dent of the conference, proposing that immediate action be t^ken by the con- ' ference to insure the formation of com- j mittees of citizens to cooperate with Mayor Hylan's committee. Charges State-wide Plot In his letter to Mayor Stone, Mayor ' Hylan charges that there is a state- ! wide plot on the part of "the traction : ring" to force an increased fare bill : through the next session of the Legis- : la tu re. "The traction meo are willing to use I both foul and unfair means to coerce | the Legislature into granting higher streetcar fares," the Mayor says. He declares be is convinced that un- j less his proposed organization moves i quickly, "an imposition on the public! will be perpetuated by Legislative act." j The Mayor did not name any one who j is at the head of this alleged plot to i corrupt the Legislature of 1920, and he denied himself to newspaper men who wanted to ask him questions. Nor j could Mr. Sinnott be seen. Follows Attack on Nixon A copy of the letter to Mayor Stone I and a document entitled "Statement ! by the Mayor," which was addressed "To the public," were all that could be , obtained from the Mayor's office in an i swer to demands for more informa ! tion on the charges he made Friday against Public Service Commissioner i Nixon. These charges followed Com ; missioner Nixon's refusal to rescind I the increased fare order which he j ! granted the New York and North Shore Traction Company. Commissioner Nixon said there was ! I nothing in the increasing of fares re I lating to the situation in Manhattan ! and Brooklyn, or the rest of the city, ? and that no precedent could arise from j his order of Thursday, which has j started the latest increased fare im | broglio. Nixon Defends His Action "On Friday," said Commissioner j Nixon, "I called particular attention to_ ; the fact that this network of railways i the New York and North Shore system j?was cut by the city line. As that ' portion of the line outside the city j was subject to zone fares, the logical j ; solution was to apply similar charges | to the lines within the city. "The system affected is unrelated to 1 . the great traction systems of the rest j of the city, and, as I said yesterday, ! ! no precedent could arise from the giv- ! ing of relief to this independent sys- I tern. "The cars are running, but they ! would have been shut down unless this | ' commission had acted. And the people j of the affected territory, who joined in asking for the increase, are satisfied." ? ommissioner Nixon said he would not be drawn into any controversy and ; declined to discuss the situation fur? ther. Mayor's Call to Public Mayor Hylan, shortly after reaching ; his office yesterday, issued his state ; ment addressed to the public, which 1 follows: "To the Public?Recent events in \ the traction situation in New York City show conclusively that the traction ring is going to try to get ? the next session of the State Legis ; lature to grant increased streetcar ? fares. The officials have openly an I Continued on page three Statement Issued by Gompers Says Plan to Control Roads Must Be Carefullv Considere*! Federation's Power Was Being Used Action Taken by Secre? tary Morrison While President Was Abroad Ntw York Tribun? Washington Bureau WASHINGTON, Aug. 30.?The Amer* ican Federation of Labor is not for the Plumb plan of solving the railway problem?at least not yet. In a state? ment summarizing the labors of th? last three days of the executive coun? cil of the federation to-day, President Samuel Gompers said the council had decided to defer final action determin? ing the position of the federation thereon. Another importan', feature of tho statement was the announcement that efforts are still being made to settl? the controversy between the steel work? ers and the United States Steel Cor? poration, and that the council enter? tains hopes of averting a strike. Statement By Gompers The statement given out hr Mr. Gompers reads: "The executive council cf the American Federation of Labor was called into extra session to consider a number ox vexations questions, which are occupying the attention of the working people and thj people generally of our co ?i .??..-? They de? sired to have immediate information regarding the activities of the dele? gation of the American Federation of Labor at the Amsterdam confer? ence of international trails unions, and the conferences w'uicfa our dele? gation held with the representative? of labor in these countries. The delegation, consistin? of Samuel Gomp.rs, Daniel J. Tobin and John J. Hynes, submitted its report in writing and it will be made public very shortly. We are not prepared to give that out at this time, be? lieving that it is most appropriate that the report be made direct to labo- first, and jointly with it to th? general public. "This can be said for the report, that it showed clearly that the wav? of Bolshevism has receded, and that the international trade union con? ference at Amsterdam voted over? whelmingly against any Bolshevik principles or tendencies; that the international trade union movement is founded now upon a more demo? cratic basis, that is, that the rep? resentatives of organized workers, such as the United States, England, France and of Germany, should have its seat in these international con? ferences, and that the offices and of? ficers have been taken away from Germany. Iron and Steel Situation "The executive council had under consideration the iron and steel or? ganizing effort and have endeavored to bring about the very best results. The efforts are still being made, and the hope is entertained that an amicable adjustment may be reached before any outbreak or cessation of work shall be inaugurated. "The cigarmakers of the United States are engaged in strikes for improved conditions occasioned by the high cost of living, and there are 125,000 of that industry who? are now engaged in the struggle. The executive council indorsed that strike and pledged its moral and financial support to it and will issue additionally an appeal to all labor and friends to come to the financial aid and moral assistance of the men engaged in that controversy. "In regard to the actors' situation, a new charter was issued to the Actors' Equity Society and the old time White Rats Association under the title of Actors and Artists' As? sociation of America, and the pledge was given for the full support of the federation with its membership to the actors engaged in the contest. ?'The executive council had before it the representatives of the labor organizations and their counsel who favored the Plumb plan of railway ownership or railway control and administration. The council consid? ered the plan as well as the provi? sions of the Sirns hill dealing with this important subject. linal Action Is Deferred "The plan and the bill, so the coun? cil declared, arc of such transcendent importance to labor, to the people and to the country '; i1 the council decided to defer fii a' action deter? mining the position of ttie American Federation of Labor thereon, and iii the meantime a subcommittee was created for th< purpose of ex? amining into all the :"a>ts and evi? dence obtainable to secure the advic? of all we can who can contribute to a full understanding of the subject, and the sub-committee after its ex? amination and investigation is to re? I port to the executive council of the I American Federation of Labor upon j the entire'subject. "There were other matters of im? portance considered by us that are regarded as hardly of public interest.*' in making its statement in regard | to the Plumb p!\!' 'be council ?(ferai I to differ with Frank'Morrison, secre ! tary of the federation, who appeared j before the Mouse Interstate Commerce ! Commission early this month, "repre : Renting," as he sHid. "the American i Federation of Labor, to testify that it ' stands behind labors plan for tho j reorganization of the railways.'' At the same time Mr. Morrison ?aid Samuel Gompers had accepted tho honorary presidency of the Plumb Plan League, the accuracy of which asser ! tion is now in question. Aa Mr. Morrison is a member of th?