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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, August 31, 1919, Image 1

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Vol. LXXIX No. 26,586
I Copyright. 1810.
New York Tribun? Ine.l
First to Last?the Truth: New* . FJi+*~i~i a^ T l
-z^z^rz^r^r^^===J^-=^zI-lJ^lX^ rig l s Advertisements
Showers and thunderstorms to-dayj
to-morrow fair, not much change
in temperature.
Full lb-port on Puce 12
V * *
CENTS ?" "^
War Inquiry
Board Defied
By Pershing
General Refuses to Ap?
pear Before Investiga?
tors, Saying Records
Are Being Sent to U. S.
Hearing to Go On,
Committee States
Mr. Bland Says Re?
fusal Is More Evidence
of War Dept. Autocracy
FARI^. Aug. 30.?General John J.j
Pershing, commander in chief of the
American Kx| litioi ary Force, has re- '
fused to t< stify before the subcommit?
tee o." three o? the Congressional Com- I
mittee on Expc nditures by the War De- :
partment winch has been conducting an
investigation in France.
The general's refusal led to the is
guanee of 3 joint statement by Repre- j
gentatives Poyal C. Johnson and Oscar ;
E. Bland, of the sub-committee, in
which regret was expressed that there j
should be a conflict between the mili- ?
tary and civil authorities of the govern
In a separate statement, in which
Representative Johnson did not join,
Mr. Bland declared the general's action
was an example of the "indifference
and conten?] "own during the entire
war by the War Department toward the
wishes of the people and their repre- '<
Records Not Available
General Pershing, ?n being shown
this statement said that all the activi?
ties of the American Expeditionary j
Force were open to investigation, but'
that he found it impossible on the last |
day of his stay . France to comply
with the request of the committee, as
all his n cords had been shipped to the
United ist; ti -
Although General Pershing said he
had no further comment to make upon
the incident, it was learned at his
headquarters that all documents of the I
general staff viro shipped to Brest
Augus* 25 and Aero on the transport
Leviathan before the general received;
notice he was expected to appear be-!
fort1 thi committi e.
it was said that the first notice of j
the.visit of the committee was received \
at he. [quarters Thursday, when the!
pbcf- vv?< already topsy-turvy with
backing cases filled with papers and j
books in all the hallways and the staff i
reduced to those immediately con-!
ri?cted offici of the com-!
'??'?' who are leaving with
: bj special train to?
Joint Statement Issued
Thi i". of the joint statement ;
read. :
"Sub-committee No. 3 of the com?
mittee on Expenditures in the War
Depart m ?i ; was requested by mem
bers of the .Senate and House and j
members of the full committee to i
have General Pershing testify on a
number of important matters which !
the committee'came here to investi- j
gate, among which were the fixing
of responsibility for the mistreat- j
ment of American soldiers in prison
in France, his views on court mar
tial laws and regulations pertaining .
thereto, regulations with reference ?
to the burial of American dead, anoT j
certain military operation?, particu- !
larly on November 10 and 11, 1918.
"An outline of the ear!;.- organiza?
tion of the American Expeditionary
Force for the expenditure of funds
arid the payment of claims also was
"We regarded it as important that
the highest officer of the American
Expeditionary Force give us the
bene::'. of hi- intimate knowledge of
all thee affairs. Technically, the
American Congress may have no in?
quisitorial jurisdiction over Amer?
ican citizens when outside the
United States, but we know no prece?
dent for the refusal of an American
citizen to recognize that jurisdic?
"General Pershing declined to tes?
tify on the ground that the records
were not available. He was in?
formed that most of the questions to
be propounded would not' require
data. He then declined to appear
befor" the committee and testify.
He wiil later be called to appear be?
fore the committee in the United
"Trip sub-committee has already
examined the Secretary of War and
the chief of staff concerning some
?f the matters referred to, but was
'old that the information was in
Conflict I? Kegretted
"It is regrettable that there should
?e even the appearance of conflict
between the military and civil au?
thorities at a time when the world
'bould become normal and be gov?
erned, not by armies or individuals,
but by law."
Will Get Along, Says Rland
Representative Bland's statement
'All I care to say personally about
'-?enera! Per-lung's refusal to testify
Wore the Congressional commit?
tee- and I speak for myself alone?
JJ that he and his army are bigger
'ban our deputy sergeant-at-arms of
j-"e House of Representatives, and
nc. of course, can avoid giving us the
'"formation we desire. 1 think it is
?PParent that, the War Department
has during the entire war shown its
indifference and contempt for the
wishes of the people and their rep
r*sentatives, and this is only a clear
eut> concrete example of that senti?
"For the time being we will try to
Bet along in our investigations here
Without General Pershing'a aid."
Ambassador Wallace to-night gave a
on uf *n no"or of President Poincar?
n the occasion of General Pershing's
?Parture for the United States.
B>*ener?l Pershing will leave Paris for
rest Sunday evening, sailing on the
**viathan September 1.
^5*. w??nen ?re advertUinir for donimtie
-Witloaa?Conault the Classtn>d ?n
""???pat? ut to-4?y? Tribune,?Advt.
Ludendorf f
Proved to
Be Plunger
Official Records of Last
Days of War Show He;
Was Guiding Genius of
Mailed Fist to the End!
He Is Condemned !
In "White Book"
Stood Out for Strong
Domestic Discipline ;
Backed by the Kaiser
npHE German view of the closing
months of the Great War, when
i he Kaiser's vanquished armies were \
retreating before Foch, are given in j
the last White Book, published July
SI, copies of which have just been
received in this country. The book
contains all documents relating to
the peace negotiations between Au?
gust IS and November 11 last. Fol?
lowing is a digest of the volume's
salieyit points:
By Eugene S. Bagger
Whatever the other merits of the
White Book are one definite result
it certainly achieves: it winds up the
evidence in the case of Ludendorff. As |
to his role in the last months of the j
world struggle not much will remain i
to be said hereafter. And the most !
striking feature of the material pre- ?
sented here from the most authentic I
source, the archives of the German |
Foreign Office and the imperial chan?
cellery, is not its novelty, hut the sup?
port it gives to the prevalent concep?
tion of the former German quarter?
master general's character.
Public opinion the world over rated
him?for reasons rooting in popular
instinct as much as in available proof
as the evil spirit of Germany, the
real directing genius of that tremen?
dous machine of slaughter and selfish?
ness and bigotry called Prussian mili?
tarism. That popular judgment did
not err in this respect 5s the testimony
submitted to the world by the German
government itself.
Contains Official Dala
The volume contains in its lSt> pages
110 document?, starting with the min?
utes of a meeting at General Head- j
quarters on August 14, 1918, and wind?
ing up with a telegram dated November
11 from Admiral von Hintze to the:
Foreign Office, announcing the going j
into effect of the armistice. The ma- !
terial includes minutes and protocols I
o? meetings at headquarters and of the !
Ministry, confidential telegrams and
messages, letters, records of telephone
conversations, memoranda, etc., as well !
as the text of notes of the German j
government tran*mitted to the enemy. |
Ludendorff Is the dominant figure j
of the meeting held at General Head?
quarters on August 14, 1918, the min?
utes of which form the first document.
Present also at the meeting were the
Kaiser, Crown Prince and von Hinden
burg. the Imperial Chancellor, von
Hertling, Foreign Secretary Solf, Gen?
eral Adjutant von Plessen and two
other officials.
Chancellor von Hertling?as the
document puts it in syllabus form?
?'expounded the domestic situation?
general war-weariness food insuffi?
ciency?clothing shortage even worse."
The Chancellor mentioned the ques?
tion of aulfrage reform in Prussia as
the most menacing element of the
political situation.
Ludendorff for Iron Hand
General Ludendorff took the floor to
offer remedies. We must have "a
stronger domestic discipline," he said,
"a concentration of all interior re?
sources with renewed energy," and?
this is evidently to stimulate the
morale of the German people?"the
punishment of Prince Lichnowsky."
The Foreign Secretary arose and
painted the situation abroad in the
darkest colors. "The enemy's confidence in
victory is more elevated than ever," he
said. Dr. Soli explained this confidence
was partly due to successes on the
Western front, but more to the growing
conviction that the Entente, with its
inexhaustible resources of all kind3,
would in the end inevitably smash the
Central Powers.
The attitude of the neutrals, par?
ticularly Spain, with her protests
against the U-boat warfare, Dr. Solf
said, showed that they also were be?
ginning to feel that the Central
Powers were doomed. He ad?
mitted that Germany's allies ? Aus?
tria-Hungary, Bulgaria and Turkey?
were on the verge of collapse.
Very cautiously the Secretary ap?
proached the subject of negotiations.
After-the Crown Prince had urged the
"strengthening of the domestic front"
the Kaiser arose and declared he would
order the generals and officials "to
maintain better order at home." As to
man power, he added: "There are still
a bunch of young men running around
in Berlin at large." He urged that "an
opportune moment be awaited to at?
tempt reaching an understanding with
the enemy."
Hoped lor a Success
Chancellor Hertling suggested that
this opportune moment would be im?
mediately after the first success on the
Western front. He was followed by
von Hindenburg. The entry in the
minutes reads:
"Field Marshal von Hindenburg de?
clares that it will be feasible to remain
on French soil and thereby to enforce,
in the end, our will on the enemy."
The White Book appends this foot?
note :
"This statement by the field marshal
ran in the minutes originally: Gener?
al von Hindenburg 'hopes' that it
'may, in spite of all, be feasible' etc.
The change, into the more definite form,
'declares that it will be feasible,' was
written, as the handwriting and pencil
used testify, by General Ludendorff'3
Ludendorff'8 name as plunger is
borne out in the White Book. The
epithet "hasardeur," hurled at him by
Scheidemann and debated with vehe?
mence for weeks on the floor of the
Assembly at Weimar, finds support in
words out of the general's own mouth.
A telegram sent by Councillor Gruenau
Continued on page five
Senator Knox to the Rescue
jump for your,
life ? that ship's
liable: to hit
(Copyright., 1919. New York Tribun? Inc.)
Palmer Asserts \
Favored Aliens
Calder AI?o Accused by At?
torney General of Oppos?
ing U. S. Control of Ger?
man Owned Properly
WASHINGTON, Aug. SO.?A. Mitchell
Palmer, whose nomination as Attorney
General was confirmed yesterday by
the Senate, came back vigorously to?
day at Senator P'relinghuysen, Repub?
lican, of New Jersey, leader of the
forces in the Senate which had for a
number of weeks held up confirmation
of the nomination.
Charging that Mr. Frelinghuysen was
constantly active in behalf of German
property owners in the United States ?
during the war and attempted to in?
fluence legislation which would affect
adversely companies in which he per?
sonally was interested financially, the
Attorney General gave a detailed ac?
count of alleged activities of the New
Jersey Senator while this country was
at war with Germany.
Calder Also Mentioned
Senator Calder, Republican, of New
York, also was referred to in Mr.
Palmer's statement.
"No American interest has asked?or
any investigations of the Alien Prop?
erty Custodian," Mr. Palmer declared.
"No American interest is complaining;
the Germans are complaining very
severely. Senators Frelinghuysen and
Calder? are pleasing Germany in this
business. They have received special
mention by the German Foreign Office
for their activities, which Germany
hopes may result in the Germans get?
ting all their property back. 1 have a
copy of my alien property report
printed in Berlin in German, with an
introduction signed 'Foreign Oftice.' I
quote from an exact translation of
this document: 'That the administra?
tion of alien property is considered not
without suspicion in the United States
herself, is evident in the action taken
by the Senate because of the resolu?
tion presented last February by Sena?
tors Frelinghuysen and Calder, de?
manding an investigation of the Alien
Property Custodian, because of misap?
propriation and favoritism. So far as
?is here known the Senate also has re?
fused to appoint Mr. Palmer as At
torny General. It is hoped that this
investigation will lead to a just in?
quiry into the management of the
alien property and to a fairer judgment
of German measures.' "
Enemy Trading Act Opposed
Mr. Palmer declared Senator Fre?
linghuysen was not really antagonistic
to him, but to the trading with the
Enemy act which he had administered,
and "he has been especially against
the Americanization of the industrial
concerns in America owned by our
enemies and heretofore used in a hos?
tile way against this country's inter*
While the act was under considera?
tion, Mr. Palmer said, quoting the
official record of the hearings, Mr.
Frelinghuysen introduced to the Senate
Committee on Commerce, Neal Bassett,
who strongly urged that enemy owned
insurance companies in this country
should not be disturbed.
Insurance Interest Charged
"Mr. Bassett was followed by Sen?
ator Frelinghuysen with a statement
designed to support his arguments,"
Mr. Palmer said, "but Senator Freling?
huysen did not tell the committee he
was at that time financially interested
in four insurance companies whose re?
lations with German companies would
Consumer to Benefit
By Breaks in Market
WASHINGTON, Aug. 30.?Unless
? reduction in wholesale food
prices, resulting from sharp breaks
on the produce markets, are passed
on to the consumer, vigorous puni?
tive action will be taken by the De?
partment of Justice, it was said to?
day. Since most dealers now are co?
operating in the campaign to reduce
living costs, officials said the iower
wholesale prices should be reflected
on the retail market soon.
Profiteering in sugar virtually
has ceased, according to Judge
Ames, assistant to the Attorney
General, in charge of administering
the food control law. Eleven cents,
he said, now is accepted as the just
price by dealers throughout the
be adroitly affected by the legislation
then proposed."
Mr. Palmer said the Senator pro?
tested to him against interference with
and sale of the big German-owned
woo.llen mills in Passaic, N. J.
"He was the only member of Con?
gress," the statement continued, "who
ever sought to stay the hand of the
Alien Property Custodian in taking
over or disposing of enemy-owned
properties in the United States."
In liquidating the business of Ger?
man-owned insurance companies, Mr.
Palmer said he received patriotic co?
operation from all except one Ameri?
can company which had reinsurance
contracts with the enemy corporations.
Senator Head of Company
"The only American insurance com?
pany that stood in the way, therefore,
of the final and complete liquidation
of German insurance companies in the
United States." Mr. Palmer said, "was
the Stuyvesant Insurance Company, of
which the president is Senator Joseph
S. Frelinghuysen, of New Jersey.'"
Mr. Palmer quoted the Congressional
record to show that Senator Freling?
huysen was the only one of the fifty
two members of Congress who voted
against the passage, of the amendment
to the trading with the enemy act,
which gave the Alien Property Cus
todian power "to sell German-owned
properties which had been spy centres
and nests of sedition and to permit
these great properties to be put in
American hands."
Refound Empire*
Urges Hindenburg
%We Must Again Become
That Which We Once
Were* He Tells Germans
HANOVER, Prussia, Aug. 30 (By The
? Associated Press).? Addressing a dele
; gation of students serenading him on
| the occasion of the fifth anniversary
; of the Battle of Tannenberg, Field
| Marshal von Hindenburg said:
I "If, five years ago. I was permitted
to win a brilliant victory, it was due
I to the dispensation of Providence and
the spirit, of the troops assigned to me.
I We must hold on to this spirit in the
| sad days which are now overcoming
I us; we must not lose courage because
I the pariahs of society and helots are
our enemies.
"We. must again become that which
we once were, when in Versailles the
new German Empire was proclaimed, I
being among those permitted to join
in the first three cheers for the Em?
peror. The spirit of those days must
not be lost to us in these days of
laxity and falseness."
I Looking for a. position? Connntt the Help
Wanted advertisement* In to-day'? Trib?
i Split Likely
At Socialist
Meeting To-day
Rupture Expected When the
Credentials Committee
Reports on Contests at j
Convention in Chicago !
Special Corresponde/tea I
CHICAGO, Aug. 30.?With acrimony j
I marking every step in its national con
| vention, which began here this morning |
with a police row, the Socialist party I
i to-night was on the verge of a definite I
? split that has been forecast for some'
time. It seems certain, as the result
of the bitterness engendered in the1
initial session, that this split will I
come not later than to-morrow night.'
The credentials committee, which to?
night began the Work of ironing out
thirteen contesti in as many states in?
volving nearly forty delegates, was ex?
pected to furnish the excuse for a
j "Left Wing" revolt, when it reports to
I the convention at 2 o'clock to-morrow
! afternoon.
I The regulars, or "Rights," headed by
j Seymour Stedman, Victor Berger, of
j Milwaukee, and National Secretary
? Adolph Germer, were in full control of
I the session to-day, having obtained it!
i by what the "Left Wingers," headed ;
? by John Reed, of New York, called j
i "police aid." Stedman was elected
! chairman of the convention and Julius
Gerber, of New York, secretary, after
! the police had cleared the hall of ultra
i radicals who had pre-empted the seats ,
j of delegates.
Just before adjournment to-night
] bitter debate was precipitated between ?
j "left" and "right wingers" in which
j the latter were accused of having de
; liberately called the police in order
; to gain control of the convention.
The immediate result of the row was
! the calling of a left wing caccus to
I night, to lay plans of action for to
! morrow. A bolt from the main con
1 vention and the organization of a
; separate party much like the Inde
? pendents of Germany is contemplated.
"We aro the party," said Mr. Berger
! to-night. "The others are just a lot
| o? anarchists."
"Thp left wing," explained I. B. Fer
' guson, of New York, its secretary, "rep
; resents about MO per cent of the So
1 cialist party. The executive council in
! power has managed to keep its place
by throwing out, under one pretext or
another, such states as voted against
1 it. At this convention the right wing
1 probably will elect a new executive
council. This will result in returning
; members from the right wing to the
council, because the left wing seems
for the time out of the deliberations."
Thr tight which ushered in the con
, vention started when Reed, who is a
; left wing publicist, endeavored to
! punch Gerber, member of the right
wing, in the face.
A squad of bluecoats hurried to the
scene and, under the direction of the
right wing leaders, cleared the conven
? tion hall of all left wing members. The
; left wing delegates, among them Rose
: Pastor Stokes, Kate Sadler and I. E.
Ferguson, were commanded to secure
white cards for admission. Heretofore
. the red card had been the accepted
! sesame.
Organization work took up the entire
session. The credentials committee,
, headed by Judge Jacob Pankin, of New
York, a "right winger,"' to-night took
, up the contests from California, Iowa
i and Illinois. William Bross Lloyd, a
| millionaire "left winger" is contesting
' for a seat from Illinois.
During the day the effort of left wing
J era to induce the convention to nomin
| ate Eutrerre Debs and Kate Richards
O'Hare "as the 1920 Presidential and
j Vice-Presidential candidates was de
I feated when the delegates sustained
the point, of order of Chairman Sted?
man that the call for the convention
I did not not provide for such nomina?
tions at this time.
A. F. of L. Council Fails
To Indorse Plumb Plan;
May Avert Steel Strike
Wilson Thanks Strikers Who Return
WASHINGTON, Aug. 30.?President Wilson to-day wrote a Hoboken,
N. J., painters' union, thanking its striking members for their
action in returning to work and adopting resolutions in support of the
government's efforts to relieve present abnormal economic conditions.
The letter follows:
"May I not express to you, and through you to your fellow members
of Local 78, my admiration of the public spirited action they have taken,
an action which I am sure is in the interest of the whole country as setting
an example of patriotic cooperation ;n relieving, not complicating, a situa?
tion which must be dealt with with as much wisdom as energy?"
High Prices
Laid to Short
Defence Council Reports
Curtailment, Hoarding
and Profiteering Are
Evils To Be Overcome
JV??.' York Tribun*
Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, Aug. 30.?The Coun?
cil of National Defence, through its
director, Grosvenor B. Clarkson, to-day
made public a digest of its report on
the high cost of living which is being
transmitted to President Wilson and
the members of Congress through Sec?
retary of War Baker, chairman of the
The findings of trie council indicate
that the high cost of living is primar?
ily due to curtailment in the produc?
tion of nearly all commodities except
raw food products, to hoarding of stor?
age food products, to profiteering,
conscious and unconscious, and to infla
! tion of circulating credit.
In the opinion of the council the
| situation may he most advantageously
: net by stimulated production, by the
repression of hoarding and profiteer?
ing, by the improvement and standard?
ization of methods and faciiities for
distributing and marketing goods, and
by the perfecting of means of keeping
I the nation informed regarding prob?
able national requirements and current
production and stocks.
The findings emphasize the fact that
high standards of living cannot be
maintained unon any basis of reduced
The report assailed producers of
woollen and cotton textiles, booU and
shoes for deliberately curtailing their
output after the signing of the armis?
tice in order to force extortionate
! prices, and pointed out that this sort
: of profiteering had not only helped to
raise the cost of living, but had in?
creased the numbel* of unemployed and
I lowered the nation's capacity to
i produce.
Analysis ot Problem
The report, says, in part:
"The problem of the high cost of
i living is so inter-related with other re?
construction problems that the opening
of this problem is tantamount to open?
ing up the question of reconstruction
practically in its entirety.
"An analysis of the high cost of liv?
ing problem brings out the following
facts and principles as constituting
the essence of the situation:
"1, The only complaints of high
cost of living which have justification
arc those which are based upon in?
ability of present income to maintain
previous or reasonable standards of
living at present prices.
"2. America's industrial and eeo
' nomic achievements during the war, not?
withstanding depleted man power and
diversion of productive effort to war
purposes, demonstrate the ample abil?
ity of the nation to sustain its popu?
lation according to a standard of liv?
ing equal to or above standards of liv?
ing which obtained previous to or dur?
ing the war.
Evidence of Curtailment
"3. The fundamental basis for the
maintenance of national standards of
living is adequate production, econom?
ical distribution and fair apportion?
ment among the various economic
groups which constitute our society.
With the exception of agricultural ac?
tivity, production since the armistice
has shown evidence of curtailment, and
has in general been abnormally low.
Normal consumption cannot continue
unless an adequate rate of production
is maintained.
"4. Food production and the facili?
ties for food production were improve'!
rather than injured during the war.
Moreover, the programme with respeci
to food production since the signing .>'*
the armistice has been one of vigorous
expansion of the means of providing
; raw food products.
"The number of cattle slaughtered in
the period January to May, 1.919, was
?3,803,000, as against 4,204,000 for the
corresponding period of 1918, though
the national reserve of cattle on farms
i had increased during the war. The sit?
uation in regard to swine is similar.
Less Civilian Clothing
"5. The production of civilian cloths
and clothing has suffered heavy cur?
tailment since the signing of. the arm:
"Boot and shoe production for civil?
ian use has likewise undergone extreme
curtailment since the signing of the
"Housing facilities, due to curtail
; ment, for many months following the
| armistice, of the production of building
i material and of building construction,
; is still far below normal. Rents con
' tinue to rise.
"6. The first half of 1919 shows
| diminished production of raw ma?
terials and subnormal construction of
new capital and thus indicates failure
I to utilize an r.dequate proportion of
I Continued on page seven
Hylan Starts
State - Wide
Fare Fight
Alleging Conspiracy to Get i
Legislature to Sanction;
Increase, He Calls for
"Committee of 1,000" i
Mayor Hylan yesterday launched a
state-wide organization designed to
pledge candidates for the Assembly at
the coming election to vote aaa%nst in?
creased fare legislation in 1920.
The Mayor announced as the nucleus
of the organization a committee of
one thousand, of which his private sec- '
retary and future son-in-law, John P.
Sinnott, is secretary. Tha Mayor named
it the New York City Citizens' Commit
tee to Fight the Eight-Cent Fare.
The Mayor began yesterday to enlist
the support of the New York State
Conference of Mayors. He wrote to
Mayor W. R. Stone of Syracuse, presi?
dent of the conference, proposing that
immediate action be t^ken by the con- '
ference to insure the formation of com- j
mittees of citizens to cooperate with
Mayor Hylan's committee.
Charges State-wide Plot
In his letter to Mayor Stone, Mayor '
Hylan charges that there is a state- !
wide plot on the part of "the traction :
ring" to force an increased fare bill :
through the next session of the Legis- :
la tu re.
"The traction meo are willing to use I
both foul and unfair means to coerce |
the Legislature into granting higher
streetcar fares," the Mayor says.
He declares be is convinced that un- j
less his proposed organization moves i
quickly, "an imposition on the public!
will be perpetuated by Legislative act." j
The Mayor did not name any one who j
is at the head of this alleged plot to i
corrupt the Legislature of 1920, and he
denied himself to newspaper men who
wanted to ask him questions. Nor j
could Mr. Sinnott be seen.
Follows Attack on Nixon
A copy of the letter to Mayor Stone I
and a document entitled "Statement
! by the Mayor," which was addressed
"To the public," were all that could be
, obtained from the Mayor's office in an
i swer to demands for more informa
! tion on the charges he made Friday
against Public Service Commissioner
i Nixon. These charges followed Com
; missioner Nixon's refusal to rescind
I the increased fare order which he j
! granted the New York and North
Shore Traction Company.
Commissioner Nixon said there was !
I nothing in the increasing of fares re
I lating to the situation in Manhattan
! and Brooklyn, or the rest of the city,
? and that no precedent could arise from
j his order of Thursday, which has
j started the latest increased fare im
| broglio.
Nixon Defends His Action
"On Friday," said Commissioner
j Nixon, "I called particular attention to_
; the fact that this network of railways
i the New York and North Shore system
j?was cut by the city line. As that
' portion of the line outside the city
j was subject to zone fares, the logical j
; solution was to apply similar charges |
to the lines within the city.
"The system affected is unrelated to 1
. the great traction systems of the rest j
of the city, and, as I said yesterday, !
! no precedent could arise from the giv- !
ing of relief to this independent sys- I
"The cars are running, but they !
would have been shut down unless this |
' commission had acted. And the people j
of the affected territory, who joined in
asking for the increase, are satisfied."
? ommissioner Nixon said he would
not be drawn into any controversy and
; declined to discuss the situation fur?
Mayor's Call to Public
Mayor Hylan, shortly after reaching
; his office yesterday, issued his state
; ment addressed to the public, which
1 follows:
"To the Public?Recent events in
\ the traction situation in New York
City show conclusively that the
traction ring is going to try to get
? the next session of the State Legis
; lature to grant increased streetcar
? fares. The officials have openly an
I Continued on page three
Statement Issued by
Gompers Says Plan to
Control Roads Must Be
Carefullv Considere*!
Federation's Power
Was Being Used
Action Taken by Secre?
tary Morrison While
President Was Abroad
Ntw York Tribun?
Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, Aug. 30.?The Amer*
ican Federation of Labor is not for
the Plumb plan of solving the railway
problem?at least not yet. In a state?
ment summarizing the labors of th?
last three days of the executive coun?
cil of the federation to-day, President
Samuel Gompers said the council had
decided to defer final action determin?
ing the position of the federation
Another importan', feature of tho
statement was the announcement that
efforts are still being made to settl?
the controversy between the steel work?
ers and the United States Steel Cor?
poration, and that the council enter?
tains hopes of averting a strike.
Statement By Gompers
The statement given out hr Mr.
Gompers reads:
"The executive council cf the
American Federation of Labor was
called into extra session to consider
a number ox vexations questions,
which are occupying the attention of
the working people and thj people
generally of our co ?i .??..-? They de?
sired to have immediate information
regarding the activities of the dele?
gation of the American Federation
of Labor at the Amsterdam confer?
ence of international trails unions,
and the conferences w'uicfa our dele?
gation held with the representative?
of labor in these countries. The
delegation, consistin? of Samuel
Gomp.rs, Daniel J. Tobin and John
J. Hynes, submitted its report in
writing and it will be made public
very shortly. We are not prepared
to give that out at this time, be?
lieving that it is most appropriate
that the report be made direct to
labo- first, and jointly with it to th?
general public.
"This can be said for the report,
that it showed clearly that the wav?
of Bolshevism has receded, and that
the international trade union con?
ference at Amsterdam voted over?
whelmingly against any Bolshevik
principles or tendencies; that the
international trade union movement
is founded now upon a more demo?
cratic basis, that is, that the rep?
resentatives of organized workers,
such as the United States, England,
France and of Germany, should have
its seat in these international con?
ferences, and that the offices and of?
ficers have been taken away from
Iron and Steel Situation
"The executive council had under
consideration the iron and steel or?
ganizing effort and have endeavored
to bring about the very best results.
The efforts are still being made,
and the hope is entertained that an
amicable adjustment may be reached
before any outbreak or cessation of
work shall be inaugurated.
"The cigarmakers of the United
States are engaged in strikes for
improved conditions occasioned by
the high cost of living, and there
are 125,000 of that industry who?
are now engaged in the struggle.
The executive council indorsed that
strike and pledged its moral and
financial support to it and will issue
additionally an appeal to all labor
and friends to come to the financial
aid and moral assistance of the men
engaged in that controversy.
"In regard to the actors' situation,
a new charter was issued to the
Actors' Equity Society and the old
time White Rats Association under
the title of Actors and Artists' As?
sociation of America, and the pledge
was given for the full support of the
federation with its membership to
the actors engaged in the contest.
?'The executive council had before
it the representatives of the labor
organizations and their counsel who
favored the Plumb plan of railway
ownership or railway control and
administration. The council consid?
ered the plan as well as the provi?
sions of the Sirns hill dealing with
this important subject.
linal Action Is Deferred
"The plan and the bill, so the coun?
cil declared, arc of such transcendent
importance to labor, to the people
and to the country '; i1 the council
decided to defer fii a' action deter?
mining the position of ttie American
Federation of Labor thereon, and
iii the meantime a subcommittee
was created for th< purpose of ex?
amining into all the :"a>ts and evi?
dence obtainable to secure the advic?
of all we can who can contribute to
a full understanding of the subject,
and the sub-committee after its ex?
amination and investigation is to re?
I port to the executive council of the
I American Federation of Labor upon
j the entire'subject.
"There were other matters of im?
portance considered by us that are
regarded as hardly of public interest.*'
in making its statement in regard
| to the Plumb p!\!' 'be council ?(ferai
I to differ with Frank'Morrison, secre
! tary of the federation, who appeared
j before the Mouse Interstate Commerce
! Commission early this month, "repre
: Renting," as he sHid. "the American
i Federation of Labor, to testify that it
' stands behind labors plan for tho
j reorganization of the railways.''
At the same time Mr. Morrison ?aid
Samuel Gompers had accepted tho
honorary presidency of the Plumb Plan
League, the accuracy of which asser
! tion is now in question.
Aa Mr. Morrison is a member of th?

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