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Ftr?*t to Last?the Truth: News?Edltorlalt ?Advertisements Memher of the Audit Bureau of Circulation* THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 1919 Owned and published dally hy New York Tribune Ine., a New York Corporation. Oirden Held, Vrealdent ; O. Veraor Roger?, Vice-Prealdant; Helen Rotters Kcl.l. Secre? tary; F. A. Siitcr. Treasurer. Address, Trlliuue Bulldlni. 154 Nassau Street. Now York. Telephone. BeeKman 3000. SUBSCRIPTION RATES?By MAIL. Including Tosta?? IN THE UNITED STATES AND CANADA: One Sit One Year Months. Month Pall.* and Sunaay.?10 On J'>00 ?109 ?>?ily only . S 00 '00 .To Sunday only . 3 00 1.50 .30 "Sunday only, (Canada. 6HO 3.?5 -55 FOREIGN RATES Pally and Sunday.s:6 00 113.30 $"! 40 Pally only . IT 40 S.70 145 Sunday only . 9.75 5-H ?*? Enterad at tho FcstorTIc* at New Tork as Second Class Mall Matter GUARANTEE Yen ran purchase mrrchandlso advertised In THE TRIBUNE with absolute safety?for If dissatisfaction re itlts, In any case THE TRIBUNE guarantees to pay your ~>onrv back unor, r,-nii.-st. No reo tape. No mnubllng. We make good promptly If the advertiser do? not. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Tres? !i exclusively entitled to the use ter ttpubtli-atloi. of all news dispatches credited to it or aot otherwise credited In tMs paper and also tho local Dews of spontanciius .?rtgl:, published herein. All rights of rrpublicallou of all other matter herein , are also reserved. Americans All! The city yesterday called a truce to the inglorious aftermath of the great conflict during which all were brothers who sought the common good. The flag was passing by and Pershing was in command. It was a big moment i?a moment whose thrill and cleansing influence will long persist. "Americans all!" This is the mes? sage of Pershing and the 1st Division. Onr disunities, our antagonisms?how dwarfed are these pygmy things in the presence of tho great unities, the great harmonies! Destiny joined us to? gether to noble ends, and passion, and narrowness, and prejudice will never sunder the union. The tramping feet of yesterday proclaimed this with every im? pact. Faith looks up and we behold other generations also not disobedient when comes a heavenly call. A Prussian Dirge The Preussische Kreuz-Zeitung sheds ! bitter tears over the sad plight ?if that | erstwhile lord of creation, the Prussian i officer. According to this leading organ ; of Ost-Elbian junkerdom, the crowning ; misfortune that befell this monocle?! ? demigod consists, not in the unparalleled : defeat suffered by his country, nor in ? the shrinking of the colossal Teu- j tonic fighting machine to a mere gen darmerie of 100,000, but in the unspeak? able degradation that henceforth the Prussian officer will have no king to ?. serve. "A republican army," we are in formed, kicks "that strong spiritual tie" j which "welded the royal Prussian army i into a single block," which, however, did ? not save thi-3 same army from receiving ? the thoroughest thrashing recorded in modern history. No wonder the Berliner Tageblatt finds it rather extraordinary under the circumstances that "the officers of the French Republic should have done such a good job of it, or that the Ameri? cans, equally kingless, should have suc? ceeded in getting up an, alas! only too well organized army in such a short time." Tho Kreuz-Zcitung assails Scheide? mann for saying that the new German army will consist of "blameless knights of freedom." The idea, indeed, of a mere Scheidemann, a "Sozi," talking about knighthood! "Chivalry," the junker organ instructs him and the world at large, "was the test by which even the youngest officers could be se? lected for admission to the court and for the privilege of becoming comrades in arms of the All-Highest War Lord." If the Kreiiz-Zeitung means hereby that only Social Democrats ave eligible for the new German officers' corps, it exhibits more nerve than regard for truth. The steady complaint of the German democratic press is just about the vT'n\f- nderance of the counter revolu? tionist and monarchist element among the officers. As to the tragic assertion that the officer of the republican army is not hoff?hig, or entitled to reception at court-well, the obvious retort is: Why not try Amerongen? A Undeserved Exoneration ^P In bis speech at St. Paul President Wilson, predicting Germany's speedy re? habilitation as a great power, made this statement: "Tho (lerman hankers and tho Gorman merchants and th?> German manufacturers did not want this war. Thoy were making the conquest of the world without it. They knew that it would spoil their plans, not advance them." This theory harmonizes with the Pres? ident's other theory that we went to"war with the German government, and not the German people. That once famous _ distinction was long ago abandoned as fallacious. Experience proved that the German people were enthusiastic in their support of the war so long as they thought the war was going to be a profit? able investment for them. Dr. M?hion, in his diary, accurately described the spirit of the German masses, even of the radicals and Socialists, when he said that they would gladly go along with the gov? ernment while it was victorious, and would turn and rend Hohenzollernism only if the German armies were beaten. Dr. M?hion, who was a director in the Krupp works and had an intimate knowledge of the sentiment in high finan? cial and manufacturing circles, also throws much light on the attitude of the German manufactui'ers and great indus? trials toward the war. He tells of the consuming: greed of the Rhine Valley iron and steel barons?houses like those of Thyssen, Stiness and Kirdorf?who cold-bloodedly promoted the war and ex? pected by means of it to get possession of the Briey iron district and of the Bel? gian and French iron and steel industry. "I still quiver with shame," writes M?hion, after attending a gathering of steel and iron leaders to discuss the division of French and Belgian booty. "These modern German industrials are nauseating." M?hion tells of a war conference held in Berlin early in July, 1914, before the Kaiser went on his trip to Norway. Baron von Wangenheim, German Am? bassador in Constantinople, admitted to Ambassador Morgenthau that he himself attended that conference, which took place on July 5. Wangenheim said that representatives of the large banking and manufacturing interests were present, and that they agreed with the army and navy spokesmen and the diplomats that ] Germany was ready to go to war. AU that the bankers asked was a delay of a ? couple of weeks so that they could clean | up on their foreign business. Germany went to war as a unit. That i is why Miihlon found his own isolation ? so tragic. To say that the German ? bankers, merchants and manufacturers j didn't want war in 1914 is to fly in the face of all existing evidence. They ceased to want war only after they dis? covered that war was pushing Germany into the abyss of bankruptcy. Notice to Our Friends The Sun reports that its Paris corre? spondent submitted the following ques? tion to an unnamed high French govern? ment official and received the answer set down : Question "Would such reservations [the Senate four] have to be accepted by all the signatories before they would be I valid as applying to American member- j ship in the league of nations?" Answer "Most, certainly." The same question was discussed at the recent meeting of the .American Bar Association, and both the majority and minority reports of the special committee. ; seem not to agree with the high French | official. We quote from the majority re- ! port, which recommended on other ; grounds (its members as to this speaking ! as citizens rather than as jurists) an ; unconditioned ratification *. "Reservations, however, which are merely declaratory of interpretations are not modifications, and, therefore, would not require further action on the part of tin- other signatory powers." When a reservation is an interpreta- i tion and an amendment is a matter of j opinion and no body in the world has jurisdiction to decide in which list a par? ticular reservation falls, Americans, con? fused by their own institutions, often assume a supreme court of the world ex? ists somewhere, but it does not. There is no tribunal to say what con? stitutes a valid ratification and what (iocs not. Each nation passes on such matters for itself. It may assent to, or dissent from, or lie silent as to any ac? tion by us just as it pleases. It may, as? signing no reason, refuse to sign any? thing submitted to it, and similarly it may sign anything submitted to it. Na? tions are independent entities and, in a legal sense, all their acts are valid. But there is a reason for thinking the. French official would lose his case even though there was a supreme court of the world. The covenant provides but an as? semblage whose decisions are to be ar? rived at unanimously. The reservations must be construed in connection with this rule of unanimity. So construed they amount to a solemn asseveration of how this country will vote should certain specified questions arise. We do not wish our friends to be under misappre? hension. So we give them notice of our intentions in advance. What we would control is not their acts but our own. Therefore, the majority report of the Bar Association committee accurately : says the reservations "are not binding on ; the other signatory powers." The other j powers may argue to their hearts' con ; tent that we are wrong in our interpre? tations; but if our interpretations are as outlined- and in the Pittman resolutions ['r?silient Wilson in effect says they are -it seems fair and honest to let our 1 friends know how we intend to construe our duty. We have no right to expect foreigners to be American constitutional lawyers and to know that war declaring , and the ordering of preparations for pos : sible war are Congressional functions. So \ it is eminently proper to embody in our ; ratification express information. Fares and the Mayor The Publie Service Commission has in i creased the fare on the trolley line of the j New York & North Shore Traction i Company, in Queens. The Manhattan & Queens Traction Corporation has a similar application pending before the I commission, but the hearing is stayed by ? Supreme Court order obtained by the Corporation Counsel at Mayor Hylan's instance. The issue is whether the com? mission has power to alter fares in re I j spect to franchises granted since the ; constitutional amendment of 187-1. when [ the rate was fixed by contract. In addi? tion to the legal issue there is a wordy j conflict between Commissioner Lewis ? Nixon and the Mayor, in which, accord? ing to the Citizens Union, "the Mayor has played the demagogue." While the Mayor's verbal contributions to the transit muddle are far from en? lightening, he may have come across, or been guided to, a strong legal point. The Court of Appeals in two cases most fre? quently cited?and, strangely enough, both sides rely upon these decisions?did not specifically pass upon the question raised in New York .City. Hero the principal contracts were made on behalf of the city jointly by the Public Service Commission and the Board of Estimate. If the two bpdies acted together to fix the rate of fare'in a franchise can one act alone to change that rate? The Mayor says the Board of Estimate's concurrence is essential. Commissioner Nixon has cautiously replied, saying that he claimed the right to exercise powers conferred by law and welcomes an adjudication of the dispute. So must every one else. But it is to be noted that a legal victory by the Mayor will settle little. The big practical ques? tion will remain of what to do. Obvious? ly cars cannot long be operated by the issue of receiver's certificates. The new first lien will be worth no more than other former first liens if passengers are carried at a loss. Nor would a taking over of the lines by the city achieve anything, for the Board of Estimate has neither the au? thority nor the money to meet a big deficit. It is not watered stock which is at the bottom of traction difficulties. No matter what the Mayor may see fit to say, he knows this as well as any one. So does Hearst, to whom the Mayor seems to look for advice. 'The only discernible practical conse- j quence of a legal triumph by the Mayor will be an application to the Legislature j for an enlargement of the power of the j Public Service Commission. It is to be j taken for granted that the companies, much as they dislike the five-cent clauses ? of their contracts, will not quit under '? circumstances that would jeopardize i other parts of their contracts?the parts, i for example, under which subway deficits ; become an accumulating charge against j the city, some day to be paid. The Mayor ? as a strict enforcer of contracts wotdd j do well, it seems, to read more of the ? contracts than the provisions relating to ' fares. His eye should rest on the provi- j sions which prescribe the order of prcf- . erence in the distribution of subway in- : come. The "Social Stigma" To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: The interesting letter of Mrs. j Ilansl is presented as a denial of my state? ment that the college woman and the pro? fessional woman look with contempt upon the activities connected with housekeeping ; and homemaking. Yet a careful reading of her letter seems to show that she her? self has this attitude of mind, for she J speaks of household tasks as being "rope- j titious and a drudgery" and demanding no mental effort; an. in the next paragraph j she points out that one cannot sweep, wash dishes or make beds properly with- j out keeping one's mind on the work. Later, alluding to the home, .Mrs. Ilansl says: "The educated woman of to-day is, I think, trying to get out. of it, for she hates a muddle ami, what is more, she wants to know for what sort, of world she is bring? ing up her daughter. For it is obvious that in a servantless world, tilled with la? bor-compelling houses, it would be quite impossible for any woman to have both a career and a family, and so, unless we de vise a world with better living conditions, we are simply driving the next generation of girls to a most heartrending choice." Mrs. Ilansl is quite right in assuming that no woman can be a successful wife, mother and housekeeper and at the same time pursue a professional career, under present conditions; but, unless one re? gards the domestic career as contemptible (u- obnoxious, the choice between these lines of activity could scarcely be de? scribed as "heartrending." When she adds that, the bachelor girl "will not risk the loss of all her immediate enjoyments for the gain of a home which will only rob her of lu r hard earned freedom," one can only conclude that Mi's. Hansl's attitude of mind toward homes and housework is ex? actly what I contended, in my former letter, was commonly found among college gradu? ates and professional women. And 1 am still convinced that it is a mistaken atti? tude of mind and has much to do with the "social stigma" which is such a bugbear to feminine domestic employes. Personally I look upon housework as both a useful and an honorable line of endeavor, and so many of my own maids have left my employ in order to marry that I conclude that a good many more agree with my views. ROSE il. PHELPS. Hackcnsack, X. .1., Sept. 6, 1919. From Mr. Anderson To the Editor o? The Tribune. Sir: Tin* statement made by Congress? man ilaskell, one of the successful nomi? nees for county judge in Brooklyn, and by the Association Opposed to National Prohibitions that the Anti-Saloon League made a bitter tight, or any kind o? real tight, on Mr. Haske!! is not true. After Mr. Ilaskell charged that he was being op? posed, and not until then, the Anti-Saloon League sent out a few letters, to selected lists, aggregating not to exceed about 1 per cent of the voters of Brooklyn, and then. finding that the Republican leaders were not willing to have a real fight made, the Anti-Saloon League washed its hands of the whole aflfair. The statement made by Mr. Ilaskell and the wet interests, that his nomination as county judge in one county is evidence of a reaction against prohibition in New York State, is likewise not. true. Mr. McNab, the man who introduced the ratification reso? lution and the enforcement bill, was nomi? nated in an open fight for the same office in another county, and a "dry" nominated to succeed him. In every case in the recent primary where a man who voted for rati? fication was running for renomination to the Assembly and there was an open, clear cut light on that issue the prohibition candidate was successful, and this in? cluded three cases in Buffalo and one in Syracuse, which are recognized "wet" centres upstate and supposed to be even stronger against prohibition than Brooklyn. WILLIAM n. ANDERSON, State Superintendent, Anti-Saloon League of New York. New York, Sept. 8, 1919. The Conning Tower j Palinode Dear P. P. A.: You print a gay But caustic gem By G. E. M. Who charges me with being muddled Because my Jake and Abbie Nnddlc'd Had a, daughter of eleven years or so, Though they'd been married only seven years ago. He thinks this sours my "Cup of Fury," But I will leave it to a jury: , If that were one of my mistakes Or one of Abbie'a?and of Jake's. Rupert Hughes. Well, Bob Small wires the Washington Tost one of tho President's humorous stories, the omission of which we complained of a few days ago. The story was told to em? phasize the President's contention that the arbitration and time clauses in the covenant of the 1. of n. would prove preventives of war; and it is an apposite yarn, too: "I remember," he said, "if I may illustrate a very great (hing with a very trivial thing, I liad two acquaintances who were very much addicted to profanity. Their friends were distressed about it. It. subordinated a rich vocabulary which they might have otherwise cultivated, and so wo induced them to agree that they would never swear inside the cor? porate limits; that if they wanted to swear, they would go out of town. "The first time the passion of anger came upon them, they rather sheepishly got in a streetcar and went out of town to swear, but by the time they got out of town they did not want to swear." Tho President believes, ne says, that the j cost-of-living question cannot be settled until the industrial world is put on its feet. And until, he might have added, it gets off ours. Tho industrious mosquito, however, appears to have no desire for an eight-hour day. The Boston Sector Sir: I yield to no one, including Stas, in my distaste for things Botolphian, having j done time in the Harvard Law School for a coupla years, I rise, however, to do justice j to one, at least, of that, so to speak, city's I hotel clerks. Thursday last (or should I say "latest?"), j incidental to assisting in Connecticut's annual | defeat by the Massachusetts Golf Team, I ' was forced to waste a few days thereabouts. ', Accustomed to Xew York hotel methods, re- I peated rejections on the usual grounds elicited neither surprise nor resentment from ; mo. But listen! Tho room clerk ?-it the i Somerset, after actually apologizing for his ; lack of accommodations, escorted me in per- I son to tho sidewalk, pointed out another ! hotel up Die street, assured me of its ex? cellence and added, "Do come here and eat. We will take tho best of care of you." It was, and we did, and they did. H. R. S. Old Eddie Brady, the greatest minion lino : typer that ever wore a pink shirt, so enjoys sotting contributions to The Tower that wo | ; think seriously of charging him tho 10"" I amusement tax. i i "This guy Hosco Ibanez," observes Bill ' ! Esty, "made a hit with a jockey story, 'The ! Four Horsemen of the Alpacalypse.' Poos | | he think he can repeat with a novel about ! ; horse liniment?'Mare Nostrum'?" ?THE DIARY Of OUR OWN SAMUEL PEPYS September 8?Early to the office, and tin ?shod my stint betimes, and with S. Spaeth ' , to the courts, and ho trimmed mo without ; mercy. For a ride in the evening with my ; wife, and home early and to bed. 9- All tho town in gay and joyous revor ; ence to General Pershing. Beat S. Spaeth i this day, and in the evening with K. Mac gowan to the playhouse, and saw "A Regular Feller," a labored play and sparkling only with the droll anticks of J. Bradbury. Yet I it is pleasant to go to plays, and I feel sad ; whenever the curtain falls, forasmuch as , I had liefer see a poor play than none. 10 Saw this morning General Pershing; ! and thence to tho office, where all day, at i my scrivening and much reading of many ; journalls. It was a groat day. tho athletic Xew | Yorker said, for Poishing and the Foist. Tho Man (of Art) in the Iron Mask ! From time to time You mention Mr. Veblen And so does Mr. Percy MacKayc, yet | How differently! j I It seems you both agree he has some class? The leisure class - ! But neither vouchsafes what ? aim to ask i In this dejected con?, contribulation. But read anew. I bog, "Tho Civic Theatre," And throb, perhaps in sympathy, over a democracy devoted to constructive leisure Which ought to be but is not. Then to prohibition turn a warm mnemonic ear; How little did wo fear it years ago! ; And note, I beg, tho now restrictive laws That chart the boundaries of all endeavors So that each, like a deep-sea fish, can live Only under pressure. Come, ?esthetic sago, And tell us how the Halifax we can ; Expect to see in these United States ; Any high perfect blossoming of arts ! Except the kind unnumbered laws will bind: | Laws for the highbrows, Laid down bv the scornful. ? I Like you and M. I do but mention Veblen. Y. M. S. . , Tho popular notion of collective bargaining i is an eight-handed poker game. : , " "The movement for the eight-hour day has spread with such rapidity among the Infidels of the Lower East Side," writes E. E. P., jr., "that Salvation Army mission? aries report many sinners repenting at the seventh hour." Which, in turn, leads to other possible revisions. Such as, frinst: "0 woman, in your half hours of ease." I Or "0 ever thus, from childhood's forty minutes." F. P. A. In Missouri By Charles T. White On the President'? Train, f I September ff, 1919. ST. LOUIS in various thoroughfares was i ablaze with bunting, audible with the cheering and handclapping of thousands of her young and old, and, outwardly, for Wilson. Like every other American town, St. Louis, when it sets out to do honor to its national Chief Executive, does it in a whole? hearted way. But neither St. Louis nor the State of Mis? souri, according to close political observers, is pro-Wilson or Democratic, but Republican, giving substantial assurance that its electoral vote in 1920 will be cast for the Republican candidates. Caspar S. Yost, editor of "The St. Louis Globe-Democrat," a stanch Republican news? paper, says that the political trend is in favor of Republicanism; that the election of Seiden Spencer to the United States Senate last year was indicative, and that the strength of the old-line Bourbon Democracy is ebbing. Mr. Yost says that a large majority of the Republicans as well as Democrats of Mis? souri are in favor of the ratification of the league of nations covenant, and that the treaty is sure to be ratified, sooner or later. "The majority of the Republicans insist that reservations forming a part of the act of ratification are essential, particularly as to the right of withdrawal, the validity of the Monroe Doctrine, the supremacy of the Con? stitution in the application of our obliga? tions and the inviolability of domestic juris? diction, and in this view, doubtless, a num? ber of Democratic Senators concur," said Mr. Yost to the Tribuno correspondent. "t>nly on this question of reservations can it bo said that there is a party division, and that is a question of detail and procedure that will not prevent the ratification of the treaty unless it is found to be impossible to reach a compromise satisfactory to a constitutional majority of the Senate and the President. Such a view is highly prob? able, in view of the fact that a majority on both sides are sincerely desirous of a settlement. "The league of nations is not a party question. It is not the offspring of Mr. Wil? son. It did not come out of the Democratic party, nor out of the Republican party. Great Republicans and great Democrats were advocating it before Mr. Wilson gave it his approval. It was the natural, and I believe the inevitable, outcome of American principles applied to the appalling situation into which the world was plunged by the war, and while it might have been worked out differently in some details, I have not the slightest, doubt that if a Republican had been in the White House ho would have boon advocating a league of nations upon much the same gen? eral principles of organization as the .one that is now before us. "Subject to the reservations which they 1 believe to be essential to safeguard our sov? ereignty and the supremacy of our Consti? tution in the control and direction of our conduct as a nation, the majority of tho Republican members of the United States Senate are, I confidently believe, in favor of the league. Except in the minds of about a dozen Senators there is no question of league or no league. The activities of five or six of these Senators have created the impression among many that this is the issue, but it is a false impression. The sole issue is one of reservations or no reserva? tions, the President taking the position that the treaty should be accepted as it stands. "That tho peace of the world could be established upon terms satisfactory in each particular to every one is an utter impossi j bility. It would not be possible to draft a general treaty that would be wholly satis I factory even to the 'bitter end' members of the Foreign Relations Committee, assuming that they themselves had charge of the Amer? ican interests in its formulation. The only results of a renewal of negotiations would be to tear down what the treaty has built up, prolong indefinitely the agony not only of the outside world, but of America, to in? crease vastly the difficulty of a general res [ toration to normal conditions, and to en j danger most seriously the standards that have been set up for the preservation of peace among the nations of the world. Not one thing would be accomplished for the benetit of the United States or the welfare of mankind. The settlement of this great question is sorely needed by the United States, needed because until it is settled we are sailing without a chart, and we can? not fix our course in any certain direction." Asked about the opposition of Senator Reed, of Missouri, to the league of nations, Mr. Yost said: "Senator Reed by nature and choice is an I insurgent. He is a magnetic and effective i orator and generally has what is termed 'the crowd' with him. He has not agreed with his party on many things. His opposition to the league of nations has split the Demo? cratic organization in the State of Missouri ' and to some extent has aided the Republicans i in the building up and strengthening of their ! state organization. The political trend in I this state is distinctly favorable to the Re? publicans. The Republicans seem very confi j dent that they will win next year, not only : turning the electoral vofte over to the Re | publican candidates, but increasing their representation in the House of Representa I tives. The city of St. Louis is naturally j Republican. The great business interests of j the state quite generally favor a protective | tariff policy. Uncomplicated by possible labor j issues, the state may be classed as Repub | lican. The people are weary of Democratic administration and will welcome a change." "Is there a distinct defection among the Americans of Irish antecedents from the Democratic party?" ? "Unquestionably," said Mr. Yost. - Armenia's Needs To the Editor of The Tribuno. Sir: The dispatch from your Washington correspondent in which it is stated that 200,000 troops may bo required for the occu? pation and policing of Armenia must be in? correct either as regards numbers or region. If the number of troops mentioned be cor? rect, then it must bo assumed that the in? formant of your correspondent had in mind not Armenia only, but also Georgia, the Baku region, Turkish Anatolia and the Constanti? nople district. About a month and a half ago Great Britain had 42,000 troops distributed through? out the regions referred to above. Three weeks ago Great Britain had 20,000 troops in Transcaucasia, of which about one bat? talion was to be found within the boundaries of the Armenian republic, doing garrison duty, and five to six battalions held the Batum-Erivan lino. There were at the time only ten or twelve British uniformed men in Erivan, the capital of Armenia. The major portion of Lesser Armenia is now held by the French, who occupied it last December and January with 5,000 Armenian troops, which troops have since been gradually de? mobilized by th.; French, with the exception of 1,000, and who are being replaced by Turks, Kurds and Algerians. The assumption that the Turks dispose of considerable organized forces in the non occupied parts of Armenia is not founded on facts. The exact number of troops that the Turks now have in those regions is not well known. But a Russian general who has seen service in the Caucasus front and who has just arrived in this country states that he can, with 10,000 Armenians, occupy all the non-occupied parts of Armenia, pro vided other troops maintain order in his rear. He also states that, with the exception of one organized body of Turks under Kemal, in the region of Sivas, the Turks, Kurds and Tartars in and around Armenia are an armed rabble only. It is illuminating to recall in this con? nection the fact that in October, 1918, the Turks disposed of 67,000 rifles in Palestine against Allenby, 15,000 mobile rifles in Meso? potamia against Marshall, and two divisions in the Caucasus, together with a consider? able number of irregulars. The greater por? tion of these Turkish forces have been either captured or destroyed prior to the termina? tion of the war. There are now several available official memoranda on the subject of the number of troops that may be required for the occu? pation of Armenia. The most recent one of these has been prepared by a commission of live Armenian generals i who have held the rank of general in the former Russian army), and supported by Colonel Bromond. i Military Governor General of Lesser Ar? menia. It is stated in said memoranda that, in the absence of any preliminary or i ganization work among the Armenians, a maximum of 30,000 men may be required to occupy Armenia, and that 15,000 of these men may be withdrawn in the course of a few months?that is, following the begin? ning of the organization of Armenian con? tingents. The Turks report that if America were to accept a mandate for the whole of Turkey they would not offer any resistance to the assumption by America of her manda torial responsibility, which means that no considerable number of troops would be re? quired. Their obvious purpose is to preserve the unity of Turkey under some sort of makeshift arrangement. Certain British and French agents arc now engaged in the task of magnifying the difficulties that the cre? ation of the Armenian state will entail, with the concealed purpose of bringing about the execution of the Sykes-Picot treaty of 191fi. The occupation of Armenia will be carried out in stages. With the consolidation of Armenian authority in the north, we shall enlarge the size of the Armenian fighting force there, and simultaneously therewith we shall proceed to the organization of Armenian contingents in other regions. The number of men Armenia will need from her aiding power will be, as we have repeatedly stated, a few regiments while the Armenians are being organized. We are more in need of economic than of military aid. An<] we have potential resources sufficient to enable us to pay back every cent that will be lent to us in the beginning of our independent career. VAHAN TARDA SHI AN, Director Armenian National Union of America. New York, Sept. 4, 1919. Our Own United States i From The Merchants' Association of Greater New York i A public speaker recently pointed out that while the United States has only fi per cent of the population of the world and only 7 per cent of the land, it produces: Sixty per cent of the world's supply of copper. Forty per cent of the world's supply of lead. Fifty per cent of the world's supply of zinc. Sixty per cent of the world's supply of aluminum. Sixty-six per cent of the world's supply 1 of oil. Seventy-five per cent of the world's supply of corn. Sixty per cent of tho world's supply of ; cotton. Forty per cent of the world's supply of silver. Fifty-two per cent of the world's supply of coal. Forty per cent of the world's supply of ? iron and steel. Twenty per cent of the world's supply of gold. Eighty-five per cent of the world's supply , of automobiles. i Twenty-five per cent of the world's supply ' of wheat, and refines 80 per cent of the eop i per and operates 40 per cent of the world's railroads. Picturing the Future i From The Philadelphia Bulletin > i That third instalment of the income tax I comes as a stiff jolt after the summer vaca ; tion. But it's a good reminder of the taxe.? : ahead. To Be Worked Out Later (From The Arizona Republican) The new Hun constitution gives the empire exclusive rights governing colonies, but doesn't suggest any means of getting th? colonies. Service and Reason To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: In its far-reaching effects a bill fop universal military 'service drill ?s fraught with conserjuences far more Important to the welfare and uplift of the people of this country than all others in Congress com bined. Therefore it is of the utmost imp?rtanos that it should be hamlled most intelligently and, above all, most unselfishly by tie mili tary experts. And not by them alone should it be conceived. There should be on the commission which drafts it one far-sf-in-j broad-minded, non-military statesman from each of the great political partios, men of the type of Wilson and Taft, with their wide experience, who have passed beyon i tha lure of political office. The attitude and temper of the three great classes of critics of the Chamberla n-Kahri , bill are extremely unfortunate and i unnecessary. The regular, the guardsman I and the training camp man take each a shot ! at it. Each has a grain of right in his criti? cism, and to a calm, unprejudiced judg ? the evidence offered it is perfectly pa* ? ! all three of them should have an equal hand : in its framing. And a bill thus framed will j come nearer to the perfect law, policy and ? effectiveness of a military policy and ad? ' ministration than this country has ever had. ? In the past century our milil u * pol es and \ unpreparedness have been '.*:'? ? -' ,-. i an open insult to our national int? ! It is about time wo did the thing pi These are serious times for our country, ar. 1 i in a matter of the vital importance of ti ? ! step disgusting partisan politics, i and personal whims, army j I like should be kicked aside for the good of ! all concerned. Certain facts have led the writer to seek I contact with and the friendship of the largest possible number or officers of our r?gulai services, of the National Guard ai I, ? . of the National Army many th ?; our training camps and universiti The result has been both unexpected and illumi? nating. Briefly stated, it was glar igly apj irent that the average regular i ffi :er< -.?.'re markedly narrow in thi r \ of ' Fe 1 the world's affairs doubtless produ? army post iife. Althouj; >ng . : re id ? I, inclined to arrogance and dictatoi their expression of opinions pr? I ? i quite excusable from the nature of - r training and army duties they are truthl :', to a fault; direct, manly and fine comrades. But, almost to a man, they have pr? : to be either silently contemptuous of, f j opposed to and jealous of or openly -) '? to the whole National Guard; at ai rate, j at all times silently working among them i selves against it and its wider They have not the slightest us,, for it. Per contra, the National Guard officer ;?'! mires and almost instinctively leeks up to : the regular; is keen to learn fr? id prejudiced in his favor, and will work like I a dog to merit his praise until too il I ite association has shown him his faults. The Guardsman, however, coming from ci\ pat ion ' :' i v? ry possible kind, 1 ? world experience and interest. Many are experts in their lines. Almost any ol them are more influential politicallj thar ti ir r< gu ar brother. For this rea on, il for no other, it would bo di sensible for them to work jointly and har moniously to upbuild our national defend system. This war has produced a third end fa: larger class than both the others combined the training cam;) officer. Of this class too much can scarcely be -'?' in praise. I have coi contact wit! ar.il observed thousands in their wor] i have proved themselves as a cl broadest and 'nest educated of the three quite as upstanding and physically fine h th? regular and equally earnest. Mes import;;!:: of all, they are to-day "; ?-.-.' B0.000 t?) 100,000 families, ittere? throughout every city and hamlet in th country. Thousands of these are now ri ous thinking, earnest men, vet? rans < terrible war. It would be idiotic to suppos that they will not for some y 'ars I exercise a commanding influence, both so ; cial and pol I i tl, upon the body po Vast numbers of them are as re entfu as the National Guard at their tr by the politicians and the r?gulai arm authorities not ?luring the crisis of wai i when they were sorely needed, but aft r th ! stress was relieved and they were unceremoniously and largely unrewa | their homes t?> begin life anew. It might not be a bad plan to call agai to the colors, as it were, twenty repr? ?'' tives selected by the regular service, twent more of the ablest that the Training Camj Association can pick and twenty moi selected by the National Guard Assoi and let them, with the assistance of the Wi son-Taft ex-officios, get up a Chamb? rlaii . Kahn military service bill that would ha\ : easy sledding through Congress into populi approval and make a nation of upstandin athletic men in a few years that no con ; bination of nations would care to tack! And this would be not the bru*.. ? -. machine of th.- German, that robbe?! your i men of full three years of youth fro their lifework, but the human, democrat ' borrowing of the minimum of their unpr ductive time on some Australian or Swi or American system, in the interest of m tiona! defence, that will always be need? ;. so long as men and nations are s? 11 h ? self-seeking. In the Society of American Officers, f< ' which I speak as an individual, al thr of the classes mentioned are in ham these ?deals. WALTER G. ELIOT. Lieutenant ColoneL New York, Sept. 8, 191s. Choice Cuts Only To the Editor o? The Tribune. Sir: While marketing at my butcher ' one of the first class dealers it; Flatbus i the other day. I asked if there was ai possibility of the price eomingdown. I was told that if the people would b! ! meat intelligently .he price would cor down at once, and that it was on accou of the demand being for steak a:-..i che only that the price of these was 53 cen a pound, instead of 30 cents a pound. The other parts of the animal, wh: were equally nourishing, suitable for stc round steak, kidneys, etc., they had It on their hands, as there was no call i them. He seemed to think that the ch dren should be taught in school the ne? sity of marketing in tin all around v? If these facts are true, can you not bri them to the attention of the public? RIETA D. NAIR-N?, New York, Sept. 6, 1919.