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Flirting with disaster The great responsibility at? tached to driving an automobile makes it imperative that your faculties keep keenly alert ? most important?your sight. In case of accident, public sympathy is usually with the vie- | '? tim. though the driver may not be guilty of anything more than defective eyesight. Many accidents are due to poor vision. If you suspect that your eyesight is not perfect, visit i ; one of the M. II. Harris offices and have one of our qculists (medical doctors) examine your eyes. It is advisable to do this be? fore the new automobile law goes into effect, as perfect vision will be one of the requirements for obtaining a driver's license. There is no obligation for this service. If it is found that glasses will help you,accurately fitting lenses will be prescribed. If glasses will not help you, you will be frankly advised. Prices are moderate, according to the lenses required and qual? ity of frame selected. 106 Broadway 442 Columbvts Av?. 17 West 84th St. 70 Nassau Street 54 East 29rd St. 1405 St Nich. Ave. ?4 West 125th St. 2629 Broadway 1007 Broadway, r.r. Willoughby. Bklyn. 489 Falt?n Street, opp. A. & S., Bklyn. C83 Broad St, next to Bedell, Newark marched to the Policemen's Union headquarters and joined the union. An armed bandit < ntered the CarVe ton lunchroom, in Columbus Avenue, early in the evening and held up the woman cashier nt the point of a revolver, compelling her to give him $100, the contents of the cash drawer. ITo then calmly walked out and disap? peared. Harvard Students Attacked Harvard students who are on I the volunteer police force have frequent? ly been the target of missies. Three were charged by a mob to-night and, although armed with clubs and re? volvers, were driven into police bead quarters after they bad been hit by eggs and mud. Anticipating possible trouble in South Boston, where the first serious outbreak occurred last night, two mo- j tor transport companies were dis? patched there to-night. Early reports showed all quiet in t? at section. General Strike Threatened Danger of the threatened general strike became acute to-day when the state branch of the American Federa? tion of Labor ordered all it.: affiiliated unions in Boston to vote to-morrow night on the question of striking in sympathy with the striking police. Another development along this line, although not due to the police strike, was the decision of the fifteen unions of streetcar men employed by the Eastern Massachusetts Street and Rail- ! way Company to vote to-morrow night i on a strike in protest against the re- j fusal of the public trustees of the road to submit the wage question to a new i hoard of arbitration. At noon to-day Mayor Peters as- ; sumed control of what was left of the Police Department and exiled upon the commander of the 10th Regiment of the State Guard to assist bun in pre? serving order. At the came time he asked Governor Coolidge for additional troops from outside the city. The Governor immediately called' out the Fourth Brigade, comprising the \ 11th, 12th and loth regiments, from! cities and towns in the metropolitan district, and this evening ho ordered out the 14th Infantry from the Cape and the 20th Infantry from Western Massachusetts. Boston also furnished a motor transport corps, a troop of Cavalry and an ambulance company. This force was believed sufficient to eope with the situation immediately resulting from the strike of police last night, but the threat that sym? pathetic strikes might be declared by the city firemen, streetcar men, tele? phone operators and electrical workers and other organized bodies affiliated with the American Federation of Labor was not lightly regarded. According? ly Governor Coolidge sent word to the mayor to-night that he stood ready to supplement the state guard by an appeal to the President for regulars. There was no disposition to mini? mize the possibilities if the firemen abandoned their posts and particular? ly if the city should be thrown in darkness at night by the suspension of the lighting system. A survey of military and naval re? sources showed that a considerable force of men in the Federal service could be concentrated Quickly from those stationed in the city, at the Charlestown Navy Yard ,the receiving -hip at Hingham and the harbor forts. Though not technically under mar? tial law, the city was in complete con? trol of state troops under the direc? tion of the Mayor. By nightfall the ?irst sentries had made their appear? ance and thev were added to rapidly as out of town regiments arrived. Brigadier General Samuel D. Pnrker, )f the fourth brigade, a former fire commissioner of Boston, was in com? mand, and established headquarters it the South Armory, near the Back Bay railway station. Defenders Will Coordinate The 10th Infantry, of this city, was :he first to mobilize and gathered slow? ly, as the Mayor had asked that they report at 5 p. m. At 6:30 o'clock the irst out-of-town units arrived by train and automobile trucks. It was late to? night before the mobilization was com? pleted. General Parker, after a conference with Mayor Peters, said he would co? operate closely with Police Commis? sioner Curtis. He coordinated the military, the few faithful policemen and the volunteer forces, number? ing about 700. He placed guards throughout the city and held in the armories units that could be rushed to threatened points in motor cars. Adjutant General Jesse F. Stevens, in announcing that the military forces were under command of General Parker, said that the latter was responsible to the Mayor alone and that the authori? ty of the state stopped with the calling out of troops beyond the city limits at the request of the Mayor. Boston Citizens Indignant A wave of public indignation beat against the City Hall and State House following the excesses of last night, when the city virtually was abandoned to hoodlums, among whom was a large faction of the criminal class. The re? sponsibility for the situation was bit terly debated wherever citizens met and also among the officials themselves. From the Governor's office came an implied rebuke in the statement that the Governor had been ready for two days to meet a request for assistance from the Mayor. Mayor Peters, in a statement for the press, accused thi Governor of trying to place upon hirr a responsibility that rested with Police Commissioner Curtis, an appointee o: the Governor. The Mayor said Curtis had assur?e him that the aid of the State Guare was not needed and that he, the Mayor had no authority to call for troops un til disturbances- had actually occurred Charges that politics was responsibh were shouted from the street corner: wherever a group of citizens gathered Mayor Takes Over Police In his proclamation assuming con trol of the police Mayor Peters said "It having been made to appear t< me, Andrew J. Peters, Mayor of th> city ox Boston, that tumult, riot an? violent disturbance of public orde have occurred within the limits o the city of Boston, and the exigency in my judgment, requiring such ac tion, I hereby, under the provisio of Section G, Chapter 323, of ,th Acts of 1885, assume control for th time being of the police of th said city of Boston, and call upon th Police Commissioner to execute a order-, promulgated by me for th suppression of such tumult and th restoration of such public order." In a statement, accompanying h: proclamation Mayor Peters said: "I have heretofore relied upon tl statement of the Police Commission? that he had complete control of tl situation. I am now in receipt of communication from him in which i substance he says that riots ai threatened, that the police provisioi are inadequate to preserve order ar requests me to take the steps conten plated by tho statutes of 1017. Mayor to Preserve Order "This letter, coupled with the occu rences of last night, when substanti disturbances of public order to place, shows that the time has cor when tho business of preserving ord should be concentrated in the hands one person. Under such circumstanc the law places on the Mayor tho pow and duty to assume control, and I pr pose from now on to see to it th order is preserved and persons a property are protectetd within t limits of the city of Boston." A strike of the city firemen threatened. President Daniel r.oon of the Firemen's Union said to-d that the firemen believed the poli union should exist and "what labor ( mands of us we will deliver." The patrolmen, numbering rounc 1,400, virtually the entire body, stri? ?t 5:45 o'clock yesterday afternoon, they had voted to do early that d: Hope that the strike could be avert was openly abandoned during the RENT PROFITEERING If this condition exists let as get together and stop it. HOW? We have the organization and I facilities for the making of I BUILDING LOANS. All we need ! is your money. The more you ! invest in our GUARANTEED FIRST MORTGAGES the greater | number of apartments we can | provide. BUY NOW?DONT WAIT j Even $100 will help. "25 years without loss to an investor." LAWYERS MORTGAGE CO. ! RICHARD M. Hl HD, President Capital, Surplus & Pr. $9,000,000 j 69 Liberty St.. N, T. ISt MouU?u? St.. Ilkn. ternoon. The business men were re? assured, however, by statements that had been current for several days that a volunteer force was being rapidly or? ganized, and that the police commis? sioner and the higher officers of the regular force were prepared for event? ualities. Last evening the banks anil larger business houses took special precautions, but smaller dealers trust? ed to the improvised police force. For some reason not publicly ex? plained, the volunteer policemen were not called out until this morning, with the result that throughout the night the city virtually was at the mercy of mobs. Fxact figures of the damage done could not be had because of the absence of the usual police, reports. Superintendent of Police Crowley esti? mated the monetary loss roughly at $300,000. An estimate of the stores, the windows of which were broken in and the stocks looted, was 300. Lawlessness Grips City Scarcely a district in the city failed this morning to show evidences of law? lessness. In some instances trucks were backed up to stores whose win? dows had been smashed and deliber? ately loaded with loot. Numberless persons were robbed. Dice games for varying stakes were boldly opened in the streets, and on Boston Common, where professional gamblers found men with money. One man on the Common had just pocketed gains of $200 when he was knocked in the head and his roll taken. Unprotected women were brutally as? saulted. Two women pursued by a mob found refuge in the City Hospital: Their pursuers forced t?heir way into the institution, where they were driven back by officers who had just brought in a man with a bullet in bis bead. Daylight brought a cessation of the bolder attempts on life and property, but petty thefts in great numbers con? tinued and in some cases thieves made a rich haul. A truck containing thirty-nine cases of shoes, valued at $10,000, the prop? erty of the McElwain Shoe Company, was driven away by a ?hief. In Scol lay Square a truck was relieved of its load of,coal by men and boys, who! took the coal to throw at the few police officers on duty. ; One officer was badly wounded in I the eye. Women were victims in I many cases of ?liosc who make a spe? cialty of snatching handbags. This | work was made more profitable by the unusual number of women on the I streets attracted from curiosity. In ! all the crowds that idled in the streets \ nine out of ten probably were merely | curious. But in every group there appeared to be a few, ranging from the simply mischievous to the criminally | inclined, who were ready to start something at every opoprtunity. Execration of the police and of the j city o?icials, who were accused of not ? acting promptly and firmly, led to fre- | quent fist liirhts in which many joined. | Countless cases of lawlessness went i unpunished, but the municipal courts had all the business to which they j could attend. Many persons were given sentences of six months for riot? ing or because loot was found upon them. South Boston had the greater number of cases, as the outbreaks there were more frequent and violent than elsewhere. After last night's experience busi? ness men were not inclined to take unnecessary chances to-night. The banks and other houses in the finan? cial district doubled their guard and many merchants barricaded their stores. On Tremont Street, a fence was built in front of one block. Jewellers removed stocks from their windows and turned on more lights than usual. Shoe dealers, who suffered more than any others, took special precau? tions, many of them boarding up their windows and leaving special guards in the stores. A great many permits to carry revolvers were issued to-day, but only to those whose arming was au i thorized by the Mayor. Such of the ! city lights as usually are discontinued at midnight were kept lighted. Burglary insurance jumped during i the day from 25 to 75 cents on con I tracts covering "riot and civil commo i tion." All companies writing such ? insurance reported a normal business. It was estimated by underwriters that burglary insurance written to-day had run well into tens of millions of dollars. United States Marshal John J. Mitchell said all government property in the city was under guard. Secret service men who watched the railroad stations carefully to-day said crooks were coming into the city by every train. One officer said he rec? ognized a criminal whom he had not seen for five years, and that a large number of the crooks were "old timers," Finish Fight Predicted It looked to-night like a fight to the finish. Many of those who made im? promptu speeches on the streets urged that the authorities refuse to reinstate the striking policemen under any cir? cumstances and tight out the issue of whether a police officer has any duty other than to the public. President John F. Mclnnis of the Po HTHE DICTAPHONE help? you A make ?persona conversations of your letters?puts goa into your letters with great satisfaction to yourself and your correspondents. Phone Worth 7250?Call at 280 Broadway Then i* bat one Dktmbm, tnio mstdkoi "The Dictaphone," tatdo mai mmhmdiicojpy Uso C-akmUe Gopbopliooa Corap*oj>\ THrmrraPAv/iE licemen's Union issued a statement saying that the responsibility for the rioting and looting rested with Com? missioner Curtis and not with the offi? cers on strike. "Ample notice of our intention to walk out was Riven," he said, "and the public was informed that an emergency force wns being recruited. Where were the emergency officers last night?" Mclnnis said that the union had gained fifty new members to-day and that fourteen of the nineteen police stations were 100 per cent organized. He said the striking policemen would continue to picket the station bouses. Mayor Peters, in his statement de? fending bis failure to act earlier, said: "Until riot, tumult or disturbance nc- ' tually takes place the only person who ! has authority to police the city is the j Police Commissioner, and he is appoint- ' ed by the Governor. The Committee . of Thirty-four appointed by me and j myself have made every human effort ? to avoid the strike of the policemen, but. received no eo?operation from the Police Commissioner and no help or practical suggestions from the Gov? ernor." The Mayor added that be asked the Commissioner yesterday if it would j not bo wise to mobilize tbo Stato | Guard, nnd Curtis emphatically said he did not wish the aid of soldiers at that time. Mayor Had to Wait Under the circumstances the Mayor said that if he had called out the State Guard while the sole right to enforce the law rested with the Commissioner i tremendous confusion would have re? sulted, lie had no alternative, he said, but to give the Commissioner a chance ? to demonstrate that he had adequately provided for the situation. The events of last night showed the Commission- ? er bud misjudged the situation, nnd the Mayor felt obliged to act himself. Among the volunteer policemen on j duty to-night, were former Rear Ad- i mirai Francis T. Bowles, Bernard J. i Rothwell, former president, of the ? Chamber of Commerce; General Fran? cis Peabody, Connie Felton, the foot ball star, and Dick liarte, the base- ' ball catcher. > Senator Warns of Effort To Unionize U. S. Soldiers \ WASHINGTON. Sept. 10.?The Bos? ton policemen's strike was deplored in the Senate to-day by Senator Thomas, Democrat, of Colorado, who declared it was the "logical outcome" of the union? izing movement, which he feared would spread. Already, he said, an effort is being made to unionize the American ' soldiers, and Congress should act to meet tbo situation. "It is a duty the American press owes i to the people in this crisis," Senator i Thomas declared, "to sound the alarm j and insist that this spirit shall not bel extended." Leaders Call Steel Strike On Sept. 22 \ tiontinuod from patte 1 and unlawful tactics were employed to destroy our unions. In Western Penn- ! sylvania we were denied the rights of free speech and free assembly. Own- j ers of meeting places were prevented from permitting our gatherings in their balls. Mass and street meetings were broken up with the pretext that we did not have permits for the. same, in spite of the fact that it whs impossible to secure such permits from the stee) mill town officials, who are owned body and soul by the steel interests. "Our organizers have been jailed and fined for attempting to speak to our members. Our meetings have been picketed by hundreds of gunmen, thugs and company officials in an effort to browbeat and intimidate the workers from meeting together to discuss their grievances. Thousands of our mem? bers have been discharged for no other reason thnn having become members of our unions. "All of this, with the cold-blooded and brutal murder of seven of our organizers and members by steel mill guards and professional gunmen dur? ing the past few days, have made it impossible to restrain the employes any longer. In view of the stubborn and uncompromising attitude of the steel trust ofiiciuls there is no alter? native left to the committee except to comply with the demands of the steel workers for release and to declaro a strike to become effective Monday, September "2." The telegram' sent to President Wil? son at St. Paul last night was made public, to-day. It read: "Secretary Tumulty's telegram of September 5 to Samuel Gompers was read to-day at the meeting of the presidents of the twenty-four inter? national unions in the steel industry and given the most careful considera? tion. "After a long and earnest discussion the undersigned were instructed to wire you requesting a more definite statement as to the possibility of an early conference being arranged by your efforts between the heads of the United States Steel Corporation and of the unions involved. The condi? tions in the industry are steadily grow? ing worse, with large numbers of union men being discharged and otherwise discriminated against and abused, and it will be impossible to hold our men much longer from defending them? selves by striking unless some genuine relief is vouchsafed them. "Our meeting will remain In session here for forty-eight hours awaiting your reply before taking final action." Unions Indorse Nationalization Of Coal Mines Action by British Trades Congress Is, Nearly Unani? mous for System Set Forth in Sankey Report Joint Control Is Sought Leaders Give Notice Plan Later Will Be Extended to All Other Industries GLASGOW, Sept. 10 (By The Asso? ciated Press).?By an overwhelming vote the Trades Union Congress at to? day's session passed a resolution favor? ing the nationalization of coal mines. The motion, presented by Robert Smil lie. the miners' leader, was carried by a vote of 4,470,000 against 77,000. The result was to throw virtually the entire congress solidly behind the coal miners' demand for nationalization of their industry. The resolution pledges insistence by the body that the gov? ernment adopt the majority report ol the coal commission, presented last June, known as the Sankey report. This report provides for state owner? ship of the mines and for joint control of their operation, in which the miners would have an effective voice. The reso lution passed to-day, calling for ac- ! ceptance of the report by the govern-' nient, adds: Special Congress Provided For ; "In the event of the government still refusing, a special congress shall bo1 convened to decide what form of action shall be taken to compel the govern? ment to accept." The resolution rejects the proposed alternative scheme of the government as "contrary to the best interests of the nation," and.as creating"the dis? tinct trustification of the coal industry.' Mr. Smillie, in advocating the pas? sage of the resolution, declared labor's fight for nationalization of all indus- | tries would not cease with paining its demand for state purchase of the coal mines. The desired end would be achieved through "the common sense realization : of the justice of our claims," Mr. Smil- : lie continued. He said he knew the hardship that strikes caused, but there were times when it was criminal for j labor leaders not to call strikes to en? force justice. The miners, he declared, were really fighting for all organized ? labor. The highest output was impos- ? sible. he insisted, under the present working conditions and the lack of modern machinery and equipment. Delegates Urged to Caution James Henry Thomas, general secre? tary of the National Union of Railway men, in seconding Mr. Smillic's motion, said the question had come to the point of a definite decision. He ex? horted the delegates to bo sure they saw clearly where they wore going. Joseph Havelock Wilson, president of ! the International Seamen's Union, in opposing the resolution, was pointing to the failure of state-controlled en- j terprises, when he was interrupted with a shout of "What about the war?" President Dunning announced that a definite vote on the question of direct j action would be taken Friday. Union "Triple Alliance" Urged on Mine Workers Committee Also to Reeommend National Labor Party; One\ Big Union Idea Opposed \ CLEVELAND, Sept. 10.?Resolutions ! favoring formation of a National La- j bor party, nationalization of coal mines j at the earliest possible moment and alliance for cooperative political and I economic effort with the railway broth? erhoods, freight handlers and other transportation workers' unions have i been accepted in principle by the com- j mittee on resolutions of the United ! Mino Workers of America and will be | brought before the convention here at I an early session. The proposed alliance with the rail-1 roail and transportation workers is i modelled upon the lines of tho British "triple alliance" of the miners, rail- j way men and transport workers, which i have proven such a powerful factor in ; industrial and political life in Great j Britain. All three proposals have been j School of Cookery Arc you actually ai'raiJ when you think of baking u rake or pie, or cook? ing somo other ambitious dish? Does your cook always glvo you a feeling? of easy confidence V Does uncertainty a? to whether tho dinner will "come ont right" trial?..' tho preparation a nerve-racking business? When tho guesHwork is taken ont of cooking, I he cooking itself becomes a real pleasure. J.curn to cook at Mr?. A. Louise Andrea's School of Cooker}-, 48 ATest 5?lh St., >*ew Tork. Tel. Circle 2039. STHAV&AT^?I?fSB Suits?Coats?Sweaters Skirts?Blouses?Ha ts Everything the smartly dressed woman will want for wear in the clubhouse, on the links, or, for that matter, the social events m the afternoon or evening that go toward making life at the country club a delight in the Autumn. AUTUMN SHOWINGS ARE NOW READY? FOR IMMEDIATE SERVICE OR TO ORDER. rocommended in resolutions from local unions in all parts of tho country. After a preliminary survey of the hundreds o frcsolutions before it the committee has decided to recommend favorably to the convention declara? tions against universal military serv? ice or any form of "militarism" in America and against lynching and mob violence, advocacy of 100 per cent Americanization of the United Mine Workers by requiring application for first citizenship papers as a condition of membership and indorsement of the league of nations. Proposals to withdraw from the American Federation of Labor or to enter upon the formation of the "one big union," embracing all branches of labor, as advocated by local unions, will be adversely reported. Other local resolutions which will be reported unfavorably were those to re? move international headquarters from Indianapolis to Cleveland, and on the principle of "one man on job" to de? clare owners of more than forty acres of land, or proprietors or an equivalent business, ineligible for membership in the minors' organization. Supporters of Striking Pressmen Mob Workers Sympathizers of the pressmen who aro striking against the Publishers' Printing Company to secure the dis? charge of members of the International Printing Pressmen's Union last night mobbed a small group of paper han? dlers as they were quitting work for the day. Plate glass windows in the vicinity of tho printing plant in West Twenty-fifth Street were broken and u number of passers-by slightly injured. The paper handlers, like tho press? men who are at work, are affiliated, with the American Federation of Labor, Shoes express car?c? ter?yours shoud suit your personality. We believ that in our stores you can find ? ezily ? a shoe to fit your feelings and your fancy as v/el as your foot. Certainly you wi! find good shoes in endless variety. We aim. to sel Shoe Ser? vis - - net merely shoes. $8 to $12 2 1-23 Cortlsndt Street 8 0-82 Nassau Street 14 0 1-14 0 3 Broadway 131-133 West 36th Street n. W-xriot s tSlaoes from which hodv tho striking pressmen seceded. William Mcliugh, represent? ing tho Federation pressmen, said the police have failed to give any protec? tion to the men at work. Conditions in tho plant yesterday were reported to be normal, with all of the presses running <**. capac:*T The striking pressmen will meet *o morrow night to pa the de? mands of the master pi nters that the? respect their contracts and call off th? strike against pressmen who have re. mained loyal to the fedei ?t on. IMPOSITIONS ! Is it really fair to make your friend your executor? |RUE, real friendship is not measured in dollars and cents. But the point is not, "How much is my friend willing to do" but rather, "How much am I willing to ask him to do ? " Experience proves that friends?appointed as executors, seldom say "I would rather be released." They seldom explain that the press of personal affairs make9 them ill able to spare the large amount of their time necessary to the careful settling o? your estate. But reverse the positions ! Would vou welcome the sacrifice o? hours and days away from your office ? perhaps at a time of crisis in your own business ? It takes much time, you know, to settle an estate. Would you undertake, without some regret, the handling of intricate details?most of them necessarily new and strange ? Your time i? valuable. Your experience is self-admit? tedly not along lines of executorship. Remember, too, that executors' fees are fixed by law and that individuals receive no greater fee than do Trust Companies. Every? thing considered, how much would it cost you to settle your friend's estate? See if the answer does not stimulate your desire to know more of the advantages in naming? COLUMBIA TRUST COMPANY to settle your estate As S executor of your estate what duties would we assume? Here are a few of them : 1. Take possession of all property and become familiar with the affairs of the estate. This requires an experi? ence no,t to be justly expected of an untrained individual. 2. List all property in a complete inventory. This demands a knowledge of accounting. 3. File returns for payment of Federal and State Taxes. Also, promptly pay such taxes to secure benefit of 5% discount as provided by law. This demands constant watchfulness and intimate tax knowledge. 4. Advertise for debts in the manner required by law. One of the apparently minor but really important steps. 5. Pay legacies and residuary bequests as directed by the will. Columbia Trust Company handling assures prompt? ness and thorough responsibility. Jfyou now feel that the administration of your estate deserves searching consideration, wouldn't it be a wise step at least to talk it over with the Columbia Trust Company? The following officers will gladly give you further details. At our downtown office, Mr. Warren, Vice-President, or Mr. Judd, Trust Officer. At our Fifth Avenue office, Mr. Dunn, Vice-President. IN FINANCIAL DISTRICT ?0 Broadway IN HARLEM 125* St & Lenox Ave. COLUMBIA TRUST IN SHOPPING ? CENTRE 5*Ave634*3fc INTHEBRONX M6*St*, Third Avet Member of Federal Reserve System O 191? c. T. r?t.