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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, September 29, 1919, Image 1

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First to Last--the Truth: News - Editorials Advertise
Fair and slightly warmer to-day; l?j
morrow, probably showers;
moderate winds
r nil K?-|>??rt
Vnxe l
LXXIX No. 26,615
??Copyright. 1010.
New York Tribuno Inc.!
* * * *
. . \ In (.r<Mt?"r N?"\v lurk ;n?l
TWO CENTS "^j |,| ? ,.?????! ?,1(C .lUi.,,,,,.
I i...?i?r?
Omaha Mob Burns Courthouse, Tries to Hang Mayor;
Rail Strike Threatens to Isolate Britain From World
Wilson Will Be Placed
Under Specialists' Gare
Dr, ?Urayson, Worried by
President"? Condition,
Forbids Taking Up of
Trealv or State; Affairs
Bad Night on Train
Precedes Arrival
Goes Direct to the White
House and Has Motor
TCide in th*' Afternoon
Staff <'^rrr,-<r>r<rr$f,'.r*
WASHINGTON, Sept. 28. President
Wilson, who returned to Washington
to-day after a four of Western states
?continuing nearly a month, will devoto
?<> major portion of this week to com?
plete res*, it waa said to-day at tho
White Fou?c. Under no consideration
will the President be permitted to take
i -rive pari in the peace treaty
controversy, and problema that run- j
front the natron at the pre ',r>' time;
will not be permitted to be presented
to him until he hari had pevoral days'
\ftei arriving at the Union Station ,
-? II o'clock this morning the Presi?
dent and Mrs. Wilson wero driven to
?nr. White House, where they remained
eclusion until 4 o'clock, when a
. ?orl motor ride over the speedway
?'"tig the Potomac River for several
i-.-.i'es was taken. The President did
not attend church services and spent
practically the entire day resting in
That Rear Admiral Cary T. Grayson,
:he President's physician, feels uneasi?
ness 'becauso of M>. Wilson'.* illness
?\?.- evidenced to-night, when it became
known that several specialists are to
bt ?ii?fcl in this week for a consulta?
tion. Who the physicians would be
v;. not made known.
State Matters to Wait
I ntil the visit ot the specialists to
the White House Dr. Grayson insists
that Mr. Wilson must have absolute
:..-? and quiet. Pressing state matters
mist await tho attention of the Chief
Executr e until lie is stronger, it was
intimated. Until the middle of the
week, it is thought, the President will
not sei any visitors. Whether the
President will open the conference of
employers and employes next Monday
will depend on the improvement made
in his condition this week.
When the President's, train came into
Union Station Mr. Wilson was up and
dressed for the first time since he was
prostrated by nervous exhaustion short?
ly after leaving Pueblo, Col., late
Thursday night.
Notwithstanding the constant care
i iui watchfulness on the part of ?>r.
i'jrayson and Mrs. Wilson on Saturday
light, the President had a poor ni-iht,
,'hen in- left the car Mr. Wilson
looked haggard.
The ('resident's car -was the last of
?line com pus i ne- the train, and as soon
he and Mrs. Wilson headed for the
station exits there was a round of
; andclapping, followed by cheers from
?. crowd standing behind the iron
???tes near the exits.
President Looks Worn
The President looked worn and tired,
it his expansive smile greeted famil
r faces, and ho wished the corre?
spondents a cheery good morning oh he
passed them on the station platform.
?Ira. W ilson also was in better spirits
than ?ho had been, and reminded tho
?iowspaper men who had been in the
President's party that they were all
?lue at the White House on Monday
afternoon for a tea which she had ar?
ranged on her way home.
Dr. Grayson -hook hands with the
correspondents shortly before the, train
into Washington, and repeated
"is prediction that the President would
soon be able t?i resume his active duties,
following u good rest, Secretary Jo?
seph P. Tumulty and his assistant,
r'noma3 Brehany, also added to the at?
mosphere of optimism by secondingAd
mtra Grayson's prediction.
The following bulletin was issued by
Dr.^Grajison to-night:
"The ''resident has had n fairly
comfortable da>. Ho had a short
motor ride this afternoon."
j-'r. Grayson issued the following
brief bullet in before the train reached
n si ington :
"The President had a poor night's
?*???. but he i? doing a? *ell as could
he expected In the Hrriimptanrcs."
Train Is Speeded Up
. Because of a desire on the part of
"oth the President and Mrs. Wilson to
"?et home us soon as practicable, the
nomegoing schedule of -the special
train was a fast one. Tho word went
flown the line of the Pennsylvania from
*?- Louie that the road must be cleared
'?r the special and the pilot train
v-hich preceded it.
This was eminently ratisiactory to
^ne occupants of the Mayflower until
Saturday night, at about 10 o'clock,
"yien the train was near Steubenville.
"ero the road is rather crocked. When
the President tried to go to sleep it
**? found that his car wbb disadvan?
tageous^ placed for smooth running,
!<- being like the end of t; whip, mak
|>?g th? riding, with the 80-ralle-an
nour gait, exceedingly rough. More
Trv the dust rolled up at the rear
M the car like an Arizona ?and storm
*?"><! some of it found its way inside.
???Pite the fact that the Mayflower is
??Prosed to be nearly dustproof.
Buffeting Too Much
The buffot?t?ij was too much for the
'.?-??aident. He told Dr. Grayson that
?m train was going too fast, and that
j*? would have to go slower. In a few
Continued on page three
King Albert May Delay
Visit to White House
WASHINGTON, Sept. 28.--Tenta- j
?? tivc plana, depending on the j
President's condition, have been j
m;ule for postponement of the visit j
of King Albert, Queen Elizabeth and j
Crown Prince Leopold at the White
House until after their tour of the
country. No official announcement
has been made and it was said tbat
the date of thc Belgian rulers's visit
would depend on the rapidity with
which the President recovers.
Wilson Accused!
Of Making 1920!
Issue of League!
Fess Declares Republicans)
Will Make Campaign on1
Nationalism as Opposed !
lo International Idea;
* Tteio TOrk Tribuni,
Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, .Sept. 28.?Interna?
tionalism, as espoused by President
Wilson, against nationalism, which will
be the Republican battle cry', will be the
issue o? the next campaign, Represen?
tative Fess, of Ohio, chairman of the
; Republican Congressional Committee.
; declared to-night in a statement charg
; ing the President and his Administra
? tion leaders with making the league !
I of nations a partisan issue. In his
I statement Chairman Fess said in part*. I
"There never has been nny^suhstantial |
belief that President Wilson could com- j
\ pel the Senate to accept his view on
: the league of nations. Thc tour has
accentuated the President's estimate
\ of the importance of the league, which
; he demanded in his recent address to
Congress 'at whatever cost of inde?
pendent action of the government.'
Des Moines Speech Quoted
"Ihis statement, which many of the
; President's friends contended did not
mi an that we should surrender the
? independence and sovereignty of the
United States for the sake of the
I league of nations, ha* had reinforce
1 nient by the President's astonishing
frankness at Des Moine:, when he said:
i 'I stand for :t cause greater than the
' Senate, greater than the government
| itself.'
"Between Portland and San Francisco
!a* uttered what his admirers are
pleased to eall the President's new
creed: 'Let us, every one of us, bind
i ourselves in a solemn league und
covenant of our own, that we will let
rio man stand in our way of leadership
and that in leading we must lead not
along the paths of national advantage
but along the Hues of human rights
. ar.ii the salvation of the world.'
"The 'swing around the circle' has
(h monstrated so far as language can
' do so the superior importance of the
league of nations over our indepen?
dence as a nation as viewed by the
j President and his demand for inter
; nationalism as against nationalism.
. The issue henceforth which he has
made prominent, a surrender of
. 'Americanism' on behalf of a far cry
| from foreign countries, in whose at
' mosphere the President has been sub
? merged for months, must be fought to
'a (inisfi in the open where the Amcri
'?? can voter may have a chance to register
1 his own conviction upon so important
an issue,
Declares Challenge Accented
"The Foreign Relations Committee
of the Senate has accepted tht chal?
lenge, has determined to maintain our
independence and sovereignty, and has
therefore declined to accept the Presi?
dent's position that the league is
; greater than our government.
"From the very beginning of the
? controversy Republican leaders have
i endeavored to prevent the league being
| made a partisian issue, that every
i American of whatever party affiliation
, might be free from party bias for in?
dividual action. In spite of this the
\ Administration Iraders close to the
| President have assiduously pressed the
. measure in Congress and out of it for
t party advantage, as evidenced by the
j action of the National Committee in
I Chicago.
"The attitude of these leaders,
! headed by President Wilson himself,
! inevitably will make it an issue in spite
| of the efforts of citizen? of our coun
I try*, including the Republican leaders
I of the Senate, who rtand WV undiluted
! Americanism and who demand the
1 preservation of American sovereignty.
j The President, arid the Democratic
i leaders who arc following him, must
; accept the consequences of a contest
! on an issue made on the foreign-made
; league now demanded by the President
: without the slightest alteration.
Democratic Defeat Predicted
! "So part*?; ever did, nor ever can. win
j a contest before the American people
! upon a foreign issue. The country will
! accept this challenge against an
American policy for the complete re?
tention of genuine Americanism, built
upon our sovereignty and independ?
ence, reserving to itself all rights that
belong to a sovereign nation, without
possible dictation from foreign coun?
tries whose interests are not ours.
"Upon this issue of an altruistic, in?
ternationalism as against an undiluted
Americanism, now forced by this Ad?
ministration upon the country by a
I command to ratify the present league
! without the crossing of a 't' or the
j dotting of an 'i,' made the more promi
? nent by the 'swing around the circle.'
1 Republicans, not as Republicans but as
American citizens, will neither hesi
I t?te In acceptance nor falter in defence
j of our national id?ala"
Troops Sent
After Negro
Is Lynched
Sheriff Gives Up Man Mob |
Sought to Save Lives of ?
100 Other Prisoners ;
Imperilled by the Fire|
Rioters Slash Hose; I
Gun Stores Sacked
One Man Killed, Two Are j
Wounded; Manv Blaeks \
* i
Hurt in Street Fights '
OMAHA, Neb., Sept. 29 (By The As- \
30ciated Pies?). Mayor Edward P.
Smith was hanged to n trolley pole I
and dangerously injured yesterday
afternoon by a mob, ?which later
hanged William Brown, a negro. The
Mayor is in a critical condition early
this morning as a result of his in?
jurie.-.. A rope was thrown around the
Mayor's neck and he was pulled off the ?
ground twice before two police officers
succeeded in cutting the rope and get- 1
ting him into an automobile and away
from the mob.
The Mayor had gone to the court?
house and held a consultation with
Sheriff Clark. Emerging from the
courthouse he met the mob and begun
to make an appeal for law and order.
Somebody shouted, "Lynch him," and a
member of the mob threw a ropu
around his neck.
Several men dragged the Mayor half
a block and throw the loose end of the
rope over a trolley pole. Twice they
drew the Mayor's body from the
ground. Each time two police .officers
, cut the rope. Following the second
attempt these officers succeeded in
i placing the Mayor in a p?lice car and
: rushed him to a surgeon's office nearby.
The Mayor was bleeding from the
i mouth and nose, and after- a brief ex
? animation by physicians was taken to
' a hospital.
Face and Body Bruised
A corps o? physicians began working
| over him as soon as he was. removed to
! the hospital. His face and body were
; badly bruised as a result of his being
j dragged by the mob.
The original members of the mob
(were augmented by hundreds of other?,
j apparently equally determined to lynch
Brown. They yelled for their pris?
oner and attempted to get into the
i courthouse. The few police officers on
duty were able to keep them from
i breaking in the doors for only a short
? while.
A colored officer was among those to
i report for duty at the Courthouse, but
1 his presence only angered the crowd.
: He vas the first victim of violence,
i his life being saved only by the hardest
! kind of a tussle by the officers. As it
I was he was badly beaten.
The Sheriff then coupled tip throe
; lines of interior fire: hose, and with
his deputies and some police officers
; attempted to disperse the crowd by
! turning the water on them. Instead
I of having a quieting effect it brought
| a hail of stones and bricks. In ten min
' utes fifty windows had been broken on
the south side of the courtii.ou.se and
much other damage done.
From that time on until the negro
was strung up to the pole the vicinity
for many blocks around was a bed 1 urn.
Thousands of Shots Fired
A small crowd of young men, none
? of whom appeared over twenty years
old, then secured a rope, which-they
' threw over the ledge of a second.story
I window. One of their number mounted
! the rope to the window. From there
. he pulled up a ladder that had been
! provided and a score or more of his
I companions followed. Once inside the
building they were followed by many
| morn who began working their way tu
i the upper floors.
Tho Sheriff's office is on the fourth
f floor, facing north on Farnum Street,
I and from the rear of his office is u
stairway and elevator to the jail.
I Nearly all of the men who got inside
? were apparently armed, as numerous
I shots were tired.
That, occurred about 4 o'clock, after
the mob hud been on the scene for two
I hours. From that time on nanic
i ?
i reigned with the crowd on the street.
i Thousands of shots were fired. The
; mob surged around the block on which
I the courthouse stands
Courthouse Is Fired
Finally, about 7 o'clock in the even
j ing, after securing kerosene and tar.
they started a tire in the office of the
| County Treasurer, which is on the first
j floor and?at the northeast corner. The
I Continued on page four
Yeggs Busy
As Police
Raid Cafes
Seven Safes Dynamited j
in One Building Abouti
Hour Inspector Boettle
Wrecks Coffee Houses I
Heads Are Broken; j
Furniture SmashedI
Crowbars Wrapped in
Newspaper Used to De?
molish Dozen Places
Just about thc time burglar- were
methodically dynamiting seven safes
In (he six-story loft building at UK! ;
Canal Street early yesterday morning, !
Inspector William F. Boettler, who !
commands the 1st Inspection District,;
was leading a score of his piain clothes
men on a raidinrr expedition CTirough
the lower East Side.
Restaurant, and coic* houses were .
the objectives of the police. Using
crowbnrs in newspapers, they wrecked j
an even dozen, cracked a few heads,
shins and jaws and called it a night! !
No arrests were made. Proprietors of '
the raided places said they assumed !
Boettler and his men were seeking
gambling games. Bo-*ttler could not be
reached last night. ;
The police were most energetic in the ,
Astor Place Caf?. 14 St. Mark's Place, i
which is conducted by Louis Damaszek
and bis nephew, John. At 7. o'clock in
the morning this place, with its bare
tables, was crowded with waiters re?
freshing themselves after a hard Sat?
urday night's work in East Side dance
There were sixty or seventy custom?
ers in the place, about half o? them in
the back room, where there were a dozen
card games going. From time to time
Louis Damns/.ek would stop at a table
to discuss with a favored patron the
result of his legal battle with the
police. Magistrate Sweester's recent de?
cision, holding him guilty of disorderly
conduct, having been reversed on ap?
peal by Justice Wadhams.
The First Onrush
Then the door was banged open and
? a score of men rushed into the place.
Inspector Boettler remained tit the
; front to direct the attack. A coi'plu
of his men piled three or four cane
seated chairs in the doorway as a bar?
ricade, then knocked the lights out o?
the ceiling with their crowbars.
In darkness they proceeded with
I their work. Tables were smashed to
kindling; chairs were broken tip; a
i telephone was torn t'rom the wall; now
and again cries ?.if pain and dull
thumps and smacks indicated that a
list or crowbar had found a human
target; in the rear of the cafe prac
i tically everything was smashed.
Next the raiders went to Adier's
: Caf?, '-6-1 East Houston Street. This
,is just across the street from "Little
! Hungary." A policeman, Xo. 66047,
j has been stationed in Adier's for many
| weeks to see that there are no viola?
tions of the law there. Shortly before
2:!") yesterday morning the policeman
| was summoned next door to answer
! the telephone. "The captain wanted
! to talk to him." When he returned
J about fift.ee>. minutes later he ex
! pressed amazement.
From Peace to Bedlam
When he left a dov.cn men. some of
j them long-whiskered patriarchs, "play
I ing may be two or three thousand
: points pinochle for cups of coffee," had
\ been seated qutetiy around the marble
I topped tables. In the rear Mrs. Ethel
i Goldberg, a ??ood short-order cook, was
: busy over her range.
When he came back from thc telc
i phone the place was in darkness cx
I eept foi* a small candle guttering on
I the wreck of a table. Seated on the
| floor and wailing and swearing were
j half a dozen casualties. Julius Stein,
? "~:t (irt.ud Street, was dripping blood
j from a wound back of his car, which
I he said had been made by a blackjack.
! Mrs. Goldberg, the cook, was moaning
? in one corner. Sue said she had been
! struck in the back when she tried to
i fee from the raiders. A chair pro?
jected through the splintered glass
. front of a tall cigar case on top of a
counter at the rear. Dozens of other
j ehr.irs were scattered !n the street, and
i one even 'and crnshed through o show
i case in fron! o'' the Marcus shoe store,
on the opposite side of the street, pro
j pelted, according t? the patrons, by
| on" of the plainclothes men wee was
! responding to a military command
! fron. Inspector Boettler, who, they said,
"Pick up chairs and let them have
Cleared Path Through Crowd
Thc shouts and scream.-, and tinkle
; of breaking glass attracted a large
i crowd, even for Houston Street, and
; Inspector Boettler'= men cleared them
' selves h path with sonic of Adier's
.chairs and proceeded to the next caf?
?or coffee house on thc programme.
Some of the other place* ?. ?sited
j were :
Oliver <S- Purdy's re.-taurant, in the
! basement of 20 St. Mark's Place, which
j had a pool table in the centre of the
?floor. The furniture in this place was
; wrecked and the dishes broken.
Nrs. Lena Steinberg's restaurant, in
i 14X Norfolk Street. This place was
! opened for the first time last Tues
j day. On Thursday and Friday it was
j closed because of the Jewish holidays
i and opened again for business Satur
i day. One of Mrs. Steinberg's custom?
ers Saturday night was her business
j rival, Louis Rebner, whose restaurant
I is in 10(5 Rivington Street. When the
policemen entered the lights wen' out.
"Is it a hold-up you make?" inquired
i Louis, as he shook from his beard the
| coffee that drenched it when a police
' Continued on page four
Police Here Are
Being Unionized I
B?hm Says Plans /Ire
Going Forward; Strike]
Possible, Say Leaders !
Despite the opposition of the Hylan j
administration, plans for the unioni- \
zation of tho police force and the affilt- !
ation of the body with the American ,:
Federation of Labor are going forward :
rapidly, Ernest B?hm, corresponding
secretary of the Central Federated j
Union, announced yesterday.
Mr.? B?hm said that as soon as the ;
plans had been completed tho secret I
organization of the force would beg-in. !
It. was admitted by other labor leaders j
that a police strike '.vas not beyond the ?
bounds of possibility. Mr. B?hm, how?
ever, rrfuse?! to discuss this phase of
tho subject.
Up did say. however, that the result
of tlvr Boston strike would not act as a
deterri rit here.
"The Boston occurrence,"" he ns
serted, "will in no way affect tin*. New 1
York situation. When tho police of
New York arc formed into a union ir. ?
accordance with our plans, there will ?
be such a sentiment on the part of or- '
ganized labor behind them that there j
co'ild be no danger of a ?lasco."
Mr. B?hm added that 'no considered '
it. an extremely simple matter to
organize the police force, despite the \
hostility of those, in authority.
"There uro so ma/iy grievances in !
the force," he said, "that it will be
extremely easy to organize it. 1 have
been informed that because of these I
the polier can be induced without diffi- j
culty to join the American Federation j
of Tabor.
"1 believe the police can be organized j
as a union in one month. As soon as \
tho organization is started they will :
all rush in the whole body of 10,000 I
"The firemen." he said, "are already;
members of the International Associa- '
tion of Fire Fighters, which is con?
nected with the New York State Fed?
eration of Labor, and there is no rea?
son why the policemen should riot also
be organized and affiliated with the
! A. F. of L."
fa?ifi 6" Won't
Action of Pressmen in
Book and Jol> Offices Ex-!
pected to Prevent Work
of A I I the Employes
Radical members of "Birr 6" were de
feated yesterday afternoon, when it
was agreed that there should be no
strike to enforce the union demand
i for a forty-four-hour week in the book
; and job printing shops of the city.
j This action was taken without the
I formality of a strike vote. There were
| hints that the men might be locked out
on October 1 by strikes of unions that
already Jtavc broken with their inter?
national bodies. But this is declared to
| be the only way members of "Big *>"
| will be prevented from working as
| usual after next Wednesday.
Yesterday's meeting at the New
?Star Casino, 107th Street and Park
? Avenue, was unusual in that members
I of many of the radical organizations
j that have seceded from their national
I bodies were admitted to take part.
j Pressmen, feeders and other union men
' voted as freely as did members of
"Big 6."
Look 11. Rouse, president, of the or?
an ization. spent practically all the time
the meeting was in session telling of
? his efforts to bring about a peaceful
: settlement with the Printers' League,
i the organization of employers, without
I resorting to arbitration. A reading of
' the minutes of these meetings showed
: that he iia?l repeatedly refused to arbi?
trate the 44-hour week. At the union
' meeting h? again said he would not
! arbitrate thftt question.
It was admitted, however, that to
\ -ti w.i would result in a break ?.?.?th
' the International Typographical Union,
"Von may be certain I am not going
in ask yen to rule to go out ot1 the
International," said Rou.ie. "I want to
| keep my card in th?- International, and
1 am not going to have you men jeep
. ardize your cards, cither.
"But there are millions of ways of
doing this thing withoul striking. All
? I ask you to do is to leave it in my
? hand.' and take my advice. If you do
?that there is not tho slightest possi
, bility of a break with the Interna
: tional."
Two resolutions then were intro
. duced by Sigmund Oppenheimer. a
member of the executive committee,
which were intended to leave Rouse's
power such as to permit him to carry
: out any programme he might deem ad
j visable. ' The first provided for the
i complete support by the union of all
'. organizations in the tight for a forty
1 four-hour weck. ft was stipulated,
; however, that the support should be
I by ""legal means." This stipulation
precluded the possibility of a strike,
however, since a legal strike would de.
maud the sanction of the International
The second resolution provided for
: the appointment of a committee of five
! to send propaganda throughout the
country to tell of the tight of the New
York local against International Pres?
ident Marsdcn G. Scott, who opposed
a strike here until every efforl has
? been exhausted to settle the diff?r
! enees between employers and men by
1 arbitration.
j Both measures wero carried by what
: was declared to b*> a unanimous vote,
everybody present, regardless of mem
bership in ?''?' union, voting on them.
A third resolution, introduced by
; Thomas Iiobbs, provided for an ex?
pression of tiie union's intention to
; remain in the*4nternational organiza?
tion aid to abide by all o'f its laws
?and resolution--. It was greeted with
ieers, however, and was tabled with
but a few vote? in it? favor
Bethlehem |
Steel Unions
Strike To-day
Labor Leader Says Senate
inquiry Will Be Asked
if Company Refuses
to Arbitrate Demands
Test Ex peeled in
Pittsburgh To-dav
Bolli Sides Await Result ?
of Attempt of Mills to
C a 1 1 Workers Baek
Special Correspot 7 ?
BETHLEHEM, Perm., Sept. 28.- Ten?
sion everywhere in Bethlehem, on the
streets, st Police. Headquarters and in
the offices of leaders, marks the eve
of the walkout of the "0.000 men from
the plants of the Bethlehem Steel Cor?
poration called for o'clock to-morrow
Police from Northampton Heights
were rushed to William Slre??t. here, to
break up a meeting of a Soviet school,
conducted by a group of radical Rus?
sians. .Mounted men patrolled the
vicinity of the niants. Pistols and
riot sticks wr-re issued to l?O new of?
ficers sworn in during the last few
days. Ail have been ordered to be
present at Police Headquarters to
morro / morning. Orders have been
issued to keep everybody moting and
to frustrate all attempts at picketing.
Test Expected To-day
Reports from Pittsburgh were to the
effect that both sides ware preparing
for a test, to-morrow morning, the
operate-'' seeking tc induce more men
to go to work and tot strikers planning
to bring more men out. The operators,
it was said, claimed trains during the
Word of preparations to open mills
came also from Youngstown and Chi?
cago. Steubenville, Ohio, reported that
the proposed march on the mills at
Weirton. W. Va., had been abandoned.
Archibald Johnston. Mayor of Beth
lehem, issued a proclamation warning
all persons against assembling in the
street ?, in groups of more than three
persons. Two hundred copies have
been placarded broadcast over the
town. A similar proclamation was is?
sued this afternoon by George Brown,
Burgess of Northampton Heights.
Organizer Urges Arbitration
David Williams, general ^rganizei
tor the American Federation of Labor
said all of the steel plants would hi
tied up in the morning. All organized
labor in the Bethlehem plants wanted
he said, was government regulation oi
private industry to insure the stee!
mill employes the same rate of wages
granted to the miners, the shipyar?
workers, the railroad men, thc navj
yard employes and the sailors. Hi
said he was not a Bolshevik, and thai
if he caught, any man expressing Bo!
j shevik sentiments he would have bin
.Arbitration i-, tin- only I bina tin
I will --ettle the difficulty, and organize?;
! labor is ready now to arbitrate. Mr
Williams asserted. He said that : h?
i Bethlehem Steel officials would b?
! given a few hours to agree to arbi
tration. If they refuse a letter v.ii
! be sent to Senator Kenyon asking bin
to investigate the conduct of the Beth
i leh'.m Stee] plants.
"Somebody will get. in trouble i
the Senate investigates the conduct o
I the Bethlehem Steel Company's bttsi
| ness, and it will not be the employes,
! said Mr. Williams.
The Mayor's Proclamation
The proclamation of Mayor John
ston reads:
"Whereas, printed notices, date
Pittsburgh, Penn., September ".'*, 191?
i have been posted and distributed i
I our vicinity by certain persons, call in
I upon employe.-; in tile icon and stei
I industry in our city and in other citie
to strike; and
"Whereas, the great majority of wag
earners requested to strike an not al
filiated with labor organizations an
desire to exercise their lawful right t
: continue to earn a livelihood for then
selves and those dependent upon then
i and 4
"Whereas, our citizens resent bein
?dictated to by persons no' connecte
with oar city or our industries as in
: pugning their intelligence;
"Now, therefore, i. Archibald Johi
gton, Mayor of the city of Bethleher
\ Penn., by virtue of the authority cot
j ferred upon me by the laws of tl
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and i
order that the peace of our city ar
i tli rights of it.-, citizens may be mail
tained and that their lawful p ? .
j shall no*, bo interfered with, liera!
I give not'tr that :
"An affray is thc fighting of two ?
more, persons in a public place to tl
! terror of the public.
"At\ unlawful assembly consists c
i sentially of the meeting of three <
j more persons for the disturbance
thc public peace.
"A rent consists essentially of thr
or more persons meeting to do an u
lawful a?*t and making some motion
execute it.
"A riot consists essentially of thr
? or more persons putting their dcsi|
. into actual execution and performi:
i an unlawful act of violenci
I "I further give notice that under t
I laws of the Commonwealth of Pennst
I vania. if any person or persons sh?
i be concerned tu either an affray, u
| lawful assembly, rout, or riot, a
j shall be thereof convicted, they shi
be guilty of misdemeanor and shall
: subject "to a fine or imprisonment
! both.
Fvpccts Citizens to An!
"1 further give notice that any pc
son or persons unlawfully asscmbl
' Continued ov next page
Closing of British
Ports Is Predicted
Embassy Warns United
States Step Is Probable
to Prevent Congestion
WASHINGTON, Sept. L'IS. The Brit?
ish Embassy has informed the State
Department that, owing to the railroad
strike ?n England the supply of bunker
coal at Gibraltar, Malta. Egypt, Sierra
Leone and British coaling stations in j
tho Atlantic probably will be restricted
for the present to outward bound Brit?
ish vessels.
Closing of some of the principal .
ports of the United Kingdom also prob?
ably will be necessary, ;' was said, in
ovder to prevent congestion, while an
order holding ail British vessels bound
for the British isles either in their
loading ports or at ft port of call was ]
said to be im nun cut.
Regret at any inconvenience such
measures might cause American ship?
ping was expressed by the embassy.
Rome Chamber
Upholds Nitti;
Deputies Riot
Personal Encounters Mark
N ote of Confidence in the
Premier; Tittoni Urges]
I nity of Allies on Fiume
ROME. Sept. 77.S By The Associated
Press). Premier Nitti was given a
vote of confidence by the Chamber of
Deputies, which continued in session
last night. The government received
203 votes to 140. The assembly was'
extremely tumultuous. Tuero wore
personal encounters betvren several of
the Deputies.
The vote of confidence followed ai
stormy debaie in which Foreign Min-1
ister Tittoni declared that Italy must
remain in unity with the Allies, despite
the problems growing out of the ?Fiume
incident. In the course oi his speech
he offeted to resign in favor of any;
member who believed he could handb
the problem better.
Fiume a Powder Mine
Despite the Foreign Minister's plea
the entire Chamber, with the excep
of t'e.e Socialists, the members of the
Cabinet and the tribunes rose and
burst into uproarious applause when
Deputy Eugenio Chiasa, who hi
returned from Fiume, mad.- ai
u.r.. rustic reference to the seizure of
that city by d'Annunzio and his ii ?ops.
Deputy Chiasa asserted thai Fiume
was mined and would be reduced to
ruins bcfori it was g i cen . ?i ' j t r ??
Allies. "Its harbor is mined, its histor ?
tow?r and its City Hall are mined, i!
beloved churches are mined and all its
houses," asserted the Deputy. "If a iv
dominion dares impose itself upon the
city excepl that of Italy it will ii
not a town but a heap of ruins."
Wilson Opposition Charged
?The Foreign M ini -' c ? went ovei th?
course of the peace negotiafioi ai I ci
paying partictiar at ten' im to the .statin
of President Wilson in thi pea.- . c
t [vi i ies and puin i ing out : i I I;.- i al?
ian delegates hau had to adopt . : at?
titude of compromise becau e, while
France and Great Britain had assured
[?.]. ? ' theii support, they had
a"ciiled going beyond the poini al
which they would bar.' come into co
?net with President Wilson The For?
eign M ini i-tcr ir.*?mt on :
"I should be a traitor if I did not
recommend the avoidance of a course
which would put Italy in -*vi opposi?
tion ;?) the peace conference, which
would mean Italy's abandonme/nt ofthe
conference, with the loss of all the
advantages coming from the peace
treaties, with oui :omplete isolation,
with the renunciation of our, position
as a great power the committing of a
folly of which we would soon repel
"If any one -.'ill rise in the chamber
who is confident he could attain better
condition ," Signor Tittoni went on. "I
am leady to cede my place immediate!
in t he in! ere sts <> ' the country, thank?
ing liii i for the relic E E rom I he hca ?
Harmon* Disclosed Imperative
"it . - ind ? spent al> ? ? v. - Ital u
mited and in accord with her Allie .
The alliance formed for the ivar must
neces,,,.!?. I; continue during the peace."
Speaking of Italy's former lie ,
the Fore ign Minister said:
"We ? ieh a del loci atic ?? -? Ml on to
occu i' m ( <? rm? n> to oblil erat? a ; .. re
ma in ? of Pru ssian militai - m : ? wi ih
II ung u - mil Bulgai ia I o bi.? ? ?'?
in i .' of the p ace and ? qu i ! ibriu in if
Eas'tcrn Europe, while a foi Au-Ui .,.
now that we liase reached the tons ?jf
'.'ne Alps, o'.ir natural frontier, we are
ready to consider the Austrians as
brothers." Referring to Asia Minor,
he said:
"This problem will re! im for the
poac conference ;?' the end of O
when President Wilson will ?i lare
whether America will accciit a mandate
in Turkey or Armenia."
Conduct of Envoys Criticised
'I he r ore ign Mini ter\ it iten -i.*
'was followed l y a livelj discussion in
the chamber. Deputy Doi Collonnas
di Cesaro, a Nationalist, stronglj
crititiscd what he referred to a? the
submissive attitude of the Italian del?
gation at the peace conference. As to
the council of four, he declared, where
three of the member.-, spoke Eng sh,
; while Premier Orlando did not Jei
stand a word, he resembled a:.r
iigurc, "not between two. but among
! three thieves."
Deputy i'hia?a followed with a fiery
speech advocating the annexation of
.Fiume. He said be was -?'?fl^ President
Wilson did not accept eithei of the
I projects submitted concerning the
Adriatic, us neither would have satis
tied the country.
Ship Tie-lJp
New Menace
To England
Suspension of Sailings Is
Considered, as Neither
Passengers INor Cargo?es
Can Reach Ocean Ports
Disorder Absent;
Real Tesl To-day
l\ot a Wheel Turns From
Highlands t<> Channel:
Ration Coal and Food
pean B?
LONDON, Sept ! I so m
may ? ?.: most con
from t he out: idc " erld o far a
nortn* ion ; ' cone rue? ; i isbip
lint to da*, consiih
of , ?] - pending t h ? ? inline ' ? ' ' :
ves "';? a re arri* from Frai
even t he ;c i ia\ cea ?? ' ? til within ?
few days, as cargoes an ; t? ? ? ?;?,??
can not come fron the ?i rioi of th
coin. try.
The vast network of
northern Scotland to th I
nel is mot ionh - ;. and, fr?
or ' it andpoint, t lie . . 7-.-< . i complete
Outside oe isolated ii ' '? t
volunteer crews have undertaken lo
run trains for specitic purp. as
when a boat train wat run I the <
nel ports oi when an c-ngincei
lived in northen England ri i I
to his home tow n, thc wheel of
country'? railwaj - ha ? ? ibsi
stopped turning.
Complete as the strih i ? ?? r there
has 'leen no violoi ce. Englai ?. ii"'v
been without railway s< ? 01 fortj
eighl hours, yet th< 10 ha 1 0 b< n ?
single report of lawlessness Thc fai
that t..-?.iay is Sunday largely r ?
- ponsible for tb i - t ia1 m ?? t'a9
majority o:' the people are ab! 0 ?'
at home, and 'buses and streetcars aro
running in I he princ pal citi' -
[teal Test Conies To-da>
The real tes * will com o-n mow,
when the gen ral pub ic mu 1 . ?? I ?
work. Then it ill bi
? trike is devi .....
11 thc work ' ?
at large, betweei gaiiizod
the con sum ing ch; - -.
I'he ecotmn ' ' ?
a,.,,... [? b? o-daj ? ; il
ready 1 : ri( iiy. ratio the hot
?;, . - ?. ? ? ' ivet'i .
Lhosi o ' ' .
. .,,- to the 1
once left it. enforced ?? ei
. ... t! use 0 bi ' igar, 1 1
butter. The coa
cril ical, l'or mai.: ar ch ;
. : ml taxical ?
hut lu t or m ? ? ' - ' 1 .
'ng ri.? : ? 1 If ? . tin
tioi I inert*,
the si 0 : ? . i ' I
! : ived that, the goverrim
iie altogi ther sorry I.tl
"I !.. 1 ".,.'.'. ? ;
*.? uld 11 crea ? t '??'. 1 , mna with
thc go .'eminent' ?? >
Public (.'old Toward Strike
Judging from thc newspapers, the
general public is against th? strike, al
though then i? considerable sympathy
with the railwaymen, whose demands
for wage taudardization ar? felt to be
just. Fa r more -imp?t tant li 111 the
(juest ion of v bet lier : he 'bu: and
reel 1 0 ? ? tl raii
... ;, ? ,.,, f) 1 (he i'" ' -
,a ' ? . .. bra In u labor'
alliance, the mini
worker . ma; go oui
givi dication 1 ? ? ?
ni .? ?...
? I . go* eminent 1 ? ? ??
? iiidcered '': oil
?ha food a a.
critical \ ? on 1 1 ? ?
extending ovei 1 ?-.???]
' ' ; . ? I -
less chain of
? h? . ounl (??, t'o mil ion -
? '? ? ?? : ' . ha ? ?i* rli ..
utatem -? .? ? . ....... . , rurl'.
1 ning trains wiI
it 13 gi tierallj felt that thie - .
the question on an> large *.-a? 1 ,
? , 1 this *-.(....??-.
I tatc a cr - arcd
Little km of ... ,{
? hiough London to-da. :
ble to >ay wi.? hei the; ? .
L - rding area.a. * lisorder oi
? trike-breaking er ici yet, i? -.?
1 he effects of the stril; - ? -
publ ic d sconti nt, Loin
ingly calm to-nigl ?. . ?
im pos ibli to re?]i tin -
? i- ,
.:c'ual ;? n progr?--.-.
I carier Warns Gitvernmcnl
LONDON. ? ??. ?- b Th \ ... ;.
? - 'd f" ? - ? ? , 1
:- r i-'ra Oedd . . - .
port, and ither 1 cm! -i - , ?. ? ,
a?-: conl ?rred throug
on the railway n ... ittuatio
apparently wa . ,? _. ?
? "': *??"? r??w?ymen*i idc, J
Henry ?Thomas, secretary of tin ? .
tJonal I ? :....... . . ()1R
'vtr,n"!;' ' ' ? ? "- 9-' was anxious
for a ?ettlem? ni, t ut &,
"The attempt to turn tl e d .,-.,.'?
into another than the labor qu?Btion

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