to be rearrested, clubbed with pistols
?nd taken to a barracks, where he was
stood up for execution.
Just then a Carranza officer pro?
tested and when Mr. Jenkins protested
that he was a United States consular
?gent the officer directed that he be
taken before General Obregon, com?
mander of the Carranza forces in that
area. General Obregon released Mr.
Jenkins and apologized to the United
States for the conduct of his subordi?
nates, but the State Department pur?
sued the matter with a request for
punishment of those who had threat?
ened Mr. Jenkins.
Catholic Church in
Mexico Warns Labor
To Avoid Radicalism
MEXICO. CITY. Nov. 23.--Catholics
throughout Mexico were warned to-day
agsinst the danger of radicalism as
renresented by "socialism and com?
munism" in collective pastoral letters
signed by eight archbishops and twenty
bishops. These letters were read in all
Details leading to the present so- !
cial upheaval were recited in the let?
ters, which assert that "no doubt labor
has grievances against capital, but j
radicalism, with its seductive promises ?
and imaginary happiness, does not pro- i
vide for the solution of difficulties."
A plea for harmony between em- !
ployers and workers is made, and '
priests are instructed to direct their ;
parishioners "to give all prudence to
the discussion of affairs." The letters
were not prompted by conditions per
taining especially to Mexico, as this
country has been comparatively free
from labor troubles assuming demon?
Armenian Plea Heard
At Rescue Service Here
Need of American Aid Empha?
sized by Speakers at St.
All the Armenian Protestant churches
of the city omitted their usual Sunday
morning service yesterday so that the
congregation could attend the Arme?
nian Rescue Service at the Cathedral
of St. John the Divine. The cathedral
was thronged with resident Armenians
and civil and military representatives
of their people, who have come here
in an effort to obtain prompt relief
from conditions which, it is said, have
already cost the lives of 800,000 men,
women and children.
The Armenian Republic was repre?
sented by O. H. Kadjaznouni, chairman
of the commission which recently ar?
rived in this country, and by Professor
A. Derhagopian, Armenian delegate to
the Paris peace conference.
Brief addresses were delivered by
Dr. George B. Hyde, who served with
the army during the war and with the
* Red Cross afterward, and Dr. Robert
Ellis Jones, canon bursar of the cathe?
dral. Dr. Hyde declared that the Turks
had made no effort at reparation, as
required by the Allies, not even re?
turning the Armenian women stolon
under the guns of the Entente. Dr.
Jones declared that the United States
government rested under an obligation
to save the Armenian nation, which so
far it had made no earnest effort to
Wood Boom Gains Force
Clubs Are Being Organized
DETROIT, Nov. 23. ? The Michigan
movement in support of General Leon?
ard Wood for the Republican nomina?
tion for President has taken definite
form. The first "Wood for President"
club to be formed in the country is
working in Grand Rapids, under the'
presidency of Earl W. Munshaw. Other
clubs are being formed throughout the
While the movement in Western
Michigan is operating from Grand Rap?
ids, the Eastern Michigan movement
centers in Detroit. In the upper penin?
sula former Governor Chase S. Osborn,
linked to General Wood by their com?
mon admiration for Colonel Roosevelt,
and State Senator Alton T. Roberts, of
Marquette, are the Wood leaders.
The Wood supporters are counting
on the soldier vote.
Train Victim Loses Foot
Part of Woman's Hand Also
Amputated by Surgeons
The left foot and part of the right
hand of Mrs. Louis Greenberg, who
was dragged in front of a Long Island
railroad train at the East New York
station, Saturday, when her husband
jumped to his death, were amputated
yesterday at St. Mary's Hospital,
Brooklyn, but it is thought she will
Her two children, who are at the
Sanatorium for Hebrew Children at
Rockaway, Queens, have not been told
of her injury.
Freighter Roman Towed In
U. S. Cutter Brings Disabled
Craft to Port
The Shipping Board Bteamship
Roman, which sent out SOS calls
last Thursday when about 350 miles
east of Sandy Hook, arrived off Am?
brose lightship at 11 o'clock last night
in tow of the coast guard cutter
The vessel was bound from New
York to Marseilles with general cargo
when her steering gear became dis?
abled. Coast guard cutters from Bos?
ton and New York went to the dis?
tressed vessel's aid.
Hospital Drive Near End
Aid of Churches Brings Fund
Near Halfway Mark
The parable of the Good Samaritan
was preached in the city's churches
yesterday to aid the effort to raise
$1,000,000 for the United Hospital
Fund. More than $50,000 contrib- ?
uted at special offerings raised the
fund to $4?9,658, less than half of the
desired amount and less than one-sixth
of the $3,i?00,000 deficit facing the city's
forty-six non-municipal hospitals.
The campaign will end to-night with
a dinner at the Waldorf-Astoria at
which Mrs. August Belmont and Dr.
George Vincent, director of the Rocke?
feller Foundation, will speak.
[ f'SMOKINOMlXTURt j
? THERE IS NO SUBSTITUTE I
?)R 30 YEARS 1
HIGHEST QUAUTY OBTAINABLE 1
4Big 6" Votes
To End Strike
3,000 Printers, After Stormy
Meeting, Agree to Accept
International Order Send?
ing 'Vacationists' to Work
Fear of Open Shop Cause
Minority Assails Mandate
and Threatens to Continue
Fight for 44-Hour Week
Three thousand members of Typo?
graphical Union No. 6?"Bix Six"?
voted under protest yesterday to obey
a mandate .issued by the executive
council of the International Typo?
graphical Union to return to work this
Leon H. Rouse, president of "Big
Six," rca?.l the mandate at a mass
meeting which jammed New Star
Casino, 107th Street and Park Avenue.
The order, which held out threat of
fine and suspension of charter in case
of disobedience, was greeted with a
? storm of hisses and catcalls.
President Rouse said he regretted
I that an occasion had arisen where he
was compelled to read the mandate, but
that he had nothing to do but obey.
When the floor was thrown open for
discussion men jumped up in all parts
of the hall to protest against its terms.
Edward F. Cassidy, secretary of the
"vacationist" compositors in the book
and job trade, was cheered for five min?
utes when he made an impassioned ap?
peal for the printers to "stand pat" and
not "crawl back" to the employing
printers, after seven weeks of sacrifice.
He said "foreigners" now work on a
forty-four-hour week, while conserva?
tive, intelligent members of "Big 6"
are working forty-eight hours. The
"Big 6" members on "vacation" went
out in sympathy with locked-out mem?
bers of the outlawed pressmen's and
press feeders' unions. They also have
wage and hours grievances of their
After several other "vacationists"
leaders had expressed their views,
President Rouse, John S. O'Connell,
secretary, and Theodore Douglas, local
organizer of "Big Six," united in a plea
for the acceptance of the order.
At the end of two hours' discussion
the matter was put to a vote. The
count was taken by a show of hands
and it was estimated that three
quarters of the men and women pres?
ent had registered their intention of
obeying the mandate.
Minority to Continue Fight
The minority body of "vacationists"
| then announced that they would hold
j a mass meeting at 3 o'clock this after?
noon at Webster Hall, on Eleventh
Street, for the purpose of continuing
I the fight, in spite of the International
| and their own officers and fellow mem
I hers. Prolonged cheering and stamp
j ing broke out at the announcement.
The "vacationist" otFicials expressed
| confidence after the meeting that a
; large number of the printers would
disobey the mandate. "To-morrow's
'. meeting will decide how many men go
i back to work," said Charles Bogart,
? "vacationist" vice-chairman.
The mandate, whose text v/as with
j held from publication, stated that, the
i executive council, fearing that the open
I shop and non-union conditions would
: be established if the men stayed out
i any longer, ordered that Typographical
i Union No. 6 at the meeting yesterday
I should instruct its members on "vaca
i tions" to return to work immediately.
The mandate stated further that
"Big Six's" officers be instructed to
submit to arbitration the Question of
the time that the forty-four-hour week
shall be inaugurated in the jurisdiction
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HIRAM RICKER & SONS, INC. j
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of "Big Six" and any other question
It was stated that if the order was
not complied with the officers of the in?
ternational union would take action,
under the laws of the international re?
quiring all subordinate unions to obey
the mandate of the executive council.
The law was quoted, showing the pen?
alty for disobedience was a fine or sus?
pension of charter.
President Rouse said after the meet?
ing, which was open oniy to union
members: "The men are loyal to their
international and accept this mandate
John W. Hays, secretary-treasurer of
the international, said at the Hotel
Imperial last night that he had received
assurances from a representative of
the Printers' League, the organization
of employing printers, that every man
would bo put back to work for whom
room could be found.
Secretary Hays said the men al?
ready had agreed to arbitrate the ques?
tion "of wages, and that by obeying the
mandate yesterday they had also con?
sented to arbitrate the 44-hour week.
Mr. Hays said he had come to New
i 'ik co straighten everything out, and
had succeeded to everybody's satisfac?
Feared Open Shop
The mandate accepted yesterday by
"Big Six's" members was given to its
officials after- a conference with the
international leaders at the Hotel Im?
perial Saturday night. It was feared
by the international's executive coun?
cil, one of its members said, that if
the union men did not return to work
shortly their places would be taken
by non-union workers and long years
of organization would be broken down.
Thousands'of dollars in profits and
wages were lost by employing printers
and union workers during the "vaca?
tion," and a large number of maga?
zines formerly printed in this city
moved to other places.
Pressmen to Take Vote I
Following a stormy meeting at i
Beethoven Hall yesterday, it was an?
nounced that Pressmen's Union No. 51, j
the outlawed local, would hold a refer- !
endum to-morrow at the same place
on the questions of whether to arbi?
trate with the employers the questions
of hours and wages, and reaffiliate with
the International Pressmen's and As?
President Bernard Nolan, of the
local, presided, and killed off all at?
tempts to take a vote at once. He
charged George L. Berry, international
president, with having had ballots
printed and distributed at the meet?
ing to force a vote on the two issues.
According to Nolan, if the local does
reatliliate, It will probably have to pay
$200,000 in back dues, as it refused to
continue payments when it seceded in
A vote to remain on strike until
union recognition is obtained was
taken at a meeting of the striking
Litho and Printing Ink Makers' Local
Union No. 2, held in Clinton Hall.
John R. Ritchey, president of the local,
told the meeting that he had been
beaten by strike-breakers Saturday
night, and other members told of sim?
Ritchey reported that John J. Bea
lon, of the State Department of Labor,
had taken steps for the appointment of
1 an arbitration committee to settle the
Nervy Men With a Few Ships
Is Ole Hanson's ' Red ' Cure
He'd Hustle Radicals Out by Wholesale, Then Apply j
Selective Immigration to Those Who Knock at
America's Door; 5,000 Applaud His Plea
Just on? or two men In Washington
with courage and just a few commodi?
ous ships are all that is necessary to
clear the United States of its plague of
radical agitators, according to Ole Han?
son, the former Mayor of Seattle, who
addressed an Americanization meeting
nt the Hippodrome yesterday after?
noon, held under the direction of tho
People's Liberty Chorus.
But to keep the country free of for?
eign-born radicals Ole Hanson would
have the nation adopt a scheme that he
calls "selective immigration-and sci?
entific distribution of immigration."
When he had finished speaking the
nudience of five thousand people rose
to its feet and cheered him. Then it
adopted resolutions urging Congress to
consider his scheme.
Would Select Immigrants
The resolutions which embodied
some of the forceful language employed
by Hanson, after commending the "be?
lated" efforts of the authorities to rid
the country of "those aliens who would
destroy our government," read:
"Wo recommend for the considera?
tion of Congress, the selective immi?
gration and scientific distribution of
immigrants, as proposed by former
Mayor Ole Hanson, of Seattle, Wash.
We believe the alien, before leaving
foreign shores, should be physically
and mentally examined and be com?
pelled to sign a questionnaire, giving
full particulars in relation to his life
and training; that this questionnaire be
investigated and then sent to the
Board of Immigration in Washington,
D. C; that this board should then se?
lect only those who immediately will
declare their intentions of becoming
citizens of the United States, nnd who
are needed in this country; that the
intending immigrant, before accep?
tance, must agree to learn to read and
write English in our night schools and
study our American institutions; that
the immigrants chosen must be dis?
tributed throughout the United States
according to the needs of the different
localities, thus making it better for
them and better for us; that in all
matters the business of immigration
shall be conducted primarily for the
?benefit of tho United States of Amer?
In telling the audience about his plan
Mr. Hanson said:
"If it were possible?perhaps I m
asking too much?I'd like to have one
real business man on the Board of
Would Direct Settlers
In explaining his plan for distribu?
tion of immigrants he said:
"When Ole Olson gets over here
from Sweden we'll say to him: 'Now,
O.e. you go out to Kansas where there
is plenty of work.' Ole may say: 'But
I bane want to go by Minneapolis.' But
we'll simply tell him thnt there are
too many Swedes in Minneapolis now
and that he'll have to no to Kansas if
he is going to stay in this country?
and Ole will go to Kansas."
Mr. Hanson said that during 1910 the
government made 5,000 arrests with a
view to deportation. Ninety-two of
these were sentenced to be deported as
undosirables, he said, but of that
diminished group only thirty-seven
actually have been sent out of the
"Two of the men who led the strike
in Seattle," he said, "were men who
had been jrdered deported and who
were out on parole at the time they
were stirring up trouble. The. gov?
ernment did not do its duty there.
It should have taken those, two men
and shipped them out of the country.
"Must Send 'Reds.' Away"
"T say now that the government of
this country must take all these alien
anarchists, put them on ships and send
At that point Mr. Hanson was inter?
rupted by applause.
"It takes just one or two men in
Washington with courage and just a
few boats. I don't want to shut the
door to any aspiring family in Europe
that desires to come to the United
States and adopt our ways, but I do
want to shut the door on those people
who want to come over here and de?
stroy our American form of govern?
L. Camilieri, conductor of the Peo?
ple's Liberty Chorus, directed the sing?
ing of his people, who were seated on
the Hippodrome stage. Miss Julia
Arthur recited "The Battle Hymn of
the Republic" and Mme. Marie Sun
delius sang. Dr. Newel! Dwight Ilillis
I and George Brokaw Compton, com?
mander of the New York County Ameri?
can Legion, also spoke.
Police Raid Meeting,
Arrest 16 Russians
And Seize Documents
CORTLAND, N. Y? Nov. 23.?Sixteen
Russians were arrested here to-day
after complaints had been made con?
cerning the circulation of literature
which advocated the overthrow of the
United States and of the State of Now
York. This city is the home of Senator
Clayton Lusk, chairman of the state
legislative committee investigating Bol
I shevik activities.
The arrests were made in a raiil on a
hall in which a meeting was in prog?
ress. Documents and papers wore
seized by the city police. Officials stated
the raid was purely local in its nature.
Treaty Enforcement Delayed
PARIS, Nov. 23.?The departure of
Herr von Simson, the Gorman pleni?
potentiary who was sent to Paris in
connection with the protocol to the
peace treaty, will delay final signature
until December 1 and also will delay
the en 'orcement of the treaty, accord
? ing to the. "Presse de Paris."
Per Cent Idle
Fibres Show Plants in Pitts?
burgh Field Would Be
at Full Capacity if the
Miners Had Not Struck
Many Workers Migrate j
109,455 of 162,171 Men
Who Quit Are Now Back;
Mills Importing Labor
PITTSBURGH, Nov. 23.?The steel
strike which began two months ago yes- |
tcrday has failed. Of the 228,430 mill
workers employed in this district. Amer- i
lea's steel center, 102,474 either respond?
ed to the strike call on September 22 or
were forced into idleness by the shut?
downs. Of this latter number 109,455
are back at work. The steel companies
are operating under the handicap of
breaking in many new men, but each I
passing day see3 improved conditions I
in this respect.
Reports indicate there would be al- i
most lOU per cent operation of steel
plants throughout the Pittsburgh dis
trict if the coal miners had not struck
just when the steel plants had reached
the final stage of recovery from their j
In Wheeling, W. Ya-> the only place j
in the Pittsburgh uTstrict Where steel ;
mills are still completely idle, strikers ;
have voted to return to work, but the ;
large steel companies own and operate
their own coal mines, and resumption :
of the mills will have to wait until
the coal strike has ended.
In other regions, especially in She- \
nango Valley, curtailment of steel pro- i
duction will have to be resorted to !
within ten days unless the miners go
back to work.
$29,634,064 Lost in Wages
A conservative estimate places the !
total payroll loss in the entire dis?
trict at $29,634,064 and property losses!
at, $153,150. The only figures obtainable
relative to the tonnage loss by the
steel companies are those given by the ?
strike committee, which places it at
$250,000.000. It is estimated that loss
than 10 per cent of the men who struck
are idle to-day. Most of them have re?
turned to their old jobs. Others have
goni? elsewhere to work. Many foreign
workmen have returned to their native
As a result of the strike the labor
situation is more serious than it was
during the war. Workmen going to
Europe or leaving this region to find
employment elsewhere have caused a
shortage of almost 30.000 common
Steel officials say the problem of in
sufficient laborers is being met in vari?
ous ways. Many negroes, Greeks and
Mexicans have been brought to this
territory since tho strike began.
Significance is seen in reports show?
ing the strike has stimulated inven?
tiveness in the management of steel
plants, resulting in new methods
whereby fewer men than formerly are
required to perform certain work.
These labor saving methods will con?
tinue to be used.
Clalrton Work? Reorganized
At tho Clairton Steel Works, when?
clashes of steel workers and state
police caused much excitement, 556
laborers walked out on September 22
in response to the strike order. These
men were an important cog in a vast
machine and their absence necessitated
a shutdown of the works, employing
1,300 ni'-n. A new org nizntion had to
be effected. For weeks the plant ran
far below capacity, but new depart?
ments were added from time to time,
till now the plant is rtinni??jg 100 per
cent, not only in the steel works, hut
in the by-products plant. The experi?
ence of the Clairton works is typical.
From the beginning it was evident
to steel officials and others that a large
percentage of the steel strikers were
not idle from choice. Prior to the
actual calling of the strike there is no
question that the sentiment in
favor of striking was overwhelming.
Many of the workmen were agitators
of the I. W. W. type. Hundreds of
others, vaguely feeling themselves vic?
tims of an unfair economic system,
were easy prey for these agitators.
Still other hundreds were of the kind
that always may he depended upon to
"go with the crowd."
Collapse Due to Radicalism
Many joined enthusiastically in the
strike, not because they felt they had
any grievance, but because they ex- j
pected it. to be successful and result in ;
their being better otr than before. All
believed the strike would be short.
Among the reasons for the collapse
of the strike in this district the radi?
kal character of its leadership and the
failure to pay promised strike benefits
stand out prominently. The pamphlet
on syndicalism written by William Z.
Foster, secretary-treasurer of the na?
tional strike committee, entered the
limelight soon after the beginning of
the strike. It became a subject of gen- ?
eral discussion, revealing for the first
time to thousands of strikers and their
sympathizers the kind of man who was
managing the gigantic walk-out. With i
this realization there grew among the
striking workmen a conviction they had :
allowed themselves to be used as tools. '.
At this point there entered a power- ?
fu! factor in prolonging the strike, ;
even after the sentiment in favor of
going back to work was clearly pre?
dominant, namely, intimidation.
Terrorism a Boomeramg
Workmen were told if they returned
to their jobs they would be killed and
their houses burned. Terrorism for a
time held hundreds in line, but event?
ually it resulted simply in deepening
their resentment against the forces
back of the strike.
Command in Riot
RICHMOND, VA., Nov. 23.?Gov?
ernor Davis left here to'-night for St.
Charles, a small Virginia town near
the Kentucky border, to take personal
command of 500 militia men sent there
They Also Serve
Our vaultmen have been
trained by years of expe?
rience not merely to guard,
but also to serve. The
courteous attention that
you receive here is not the
least of the benefits you
secure through renting a
safe deposit box in the
Safe Deposit Company
115 BROADWAY, NEW YORK
to deal with condition* in
holds, which were rep .??? . to .- dj
One report to the f.ovf-rnor's ?''Sen
: snid thi town : ? . ... a. ...4
. camp. Had:? al miners, it was - :
?had mounted guns on the hillside and 4
threatened to open fire ?>n any mi'-ri
attempting to enter the m;r.-'.
has been closed since ihe nation-w?4t
str.ke on November 1.
Loyal miners appealed to th- Gov?
ernor for assistance ar o 1 ; ?;?? : -,
him that threats had beer, ma
stroy the mines with dynam t?
companies of militia were
last night, and started ear,y ??j-day
for the bord?r.
Strike of Aliens
In Steel Admitted
Union Organizer Blamet
Carnegie for Bringing
Foreigners Into Mills
Joseph E. Cannon, general or ?
for the Mine, Mill and Smelter Work?
ers of America, admitted yesterday in
an address at the Labor !
Brooklyn, that the steel str:>. <
strike of foreigner. \
that it often had been char.
walk-out from the steel 1 c
foreigners' strike he went on:
"Carnegie drove the Americans out
of the steel mills thirtj 1rs ago
when he contributed
eigners were employed b? y
could not ind? 1
could not be organized. Now '
speak English, and they ,.
Cannon further declared for?
make the "best Americans."
He saiil the ~u,\ strike was 'n full
swing. "The normal production of
finished steel rail- at the Gary p ant?
is 240 tons an hour." he said, '"and
the present output is only 200 ' r - a
His Trade Mark
Worth More Than His Plant
When the tour of inspection was over the
visitor said "I congratulate you Mr. Blank.
You have certainly accumulated great assets
here." "I am sorry" said Mr. Blank "that I
cannot show you my greatest asset. It is the
good will my advertising has brought me.
My factory could burn down tomorrow, I
could rebuild in time, but if I lost my good
will my business would be done."
COLLIN ARMSTRONG, Inc.
General Advertising Agents
'463 Broadway at 42nd Street, New York
Telephone 1707 Bryant
Is This Your Biggest Year ?
Producing more, selling more than ever before ?
If so, you must be spending a great deal of time
answering letters, dictating instructions, etc. Dictate
to The Dictaphone, and you will ?ave hours and
dollars every day. Phone or write
for 1 5-minute demonstration.
Phone Worth 7250-CaIl ?t 2S0 Broadway
TiiCTe is but
GtaphophoQc C ouipauy.
RECENT model by Knox.
The crown, somewhat lower
than usual, and the brim but
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lines of the newest English derbies,
OTHER DERBIES $10.00 TO $20.00
WTOX HAT COM?ANY
J nc *rforated
482 FIFTH AVENUE
AT 40TM STREET
Reg. Trade ?lark
So extensive is our assortment of Pure
Linen Handkerchiefs that our pa?
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ing within reasonable price limits.
The Greatest Treasure House of Linens in America
Fifth Avenue, 34th & 33d Streets. New York
Tlhe Stor? is closed at 5 P. M. dally
man & ?o.
MADISON AVENUE = FIFTH AVENUE, NEW YORK
TIh?rty=iPourth Street Thirty=f?fth Street
The Great Annual Sale off
will take place to=day (Monday)
5n the Madison Avenue section of the
The prices of these ffmirs, especially an
viewof the great advance 5n the cost of
all peltry, as well as of workmanship,
are phenomenally low
An Important Special Sale off
Women's Mar vex Q loves
(glace kidskin; short length)
will a!s3 take place to=cay (Morday)
on the First Floor
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