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I Your eyes and the space
speed of light i 186,000 miles a second?such .'is the amazing speed at which light travels. As you read this the impres? sions of the type on the paper rare, being transferred to the 'sensitive film of your eyes at this almost inconceivable rate. ? Think of the wonderfully deli? cate organism of the eyes which makes them capable of respond > ing to such intense activity. Such finely adjusted and com "plex organisms will not bear .uabuse or careless inattention. *-' Appreciation of these facts ".'and of the importance of minute *;care in treating eye defects are ./keynotes in the policy of th? ,,;/W. H. Harris organization. * At the first sign of eye trouble let one of our Oculists (medical ^doctors) determine the cause. ??There will be no charge except ?for the glasses prescribed-?-"//. *? glasses are required. a ? ??p^roadway, Corner Duane Street. 17 W. 34 St., 3-a*rs f'm McCreery & Co. 64 East 23d Street, near 4th Aves. ?4 W. 12Eth Street, near Lenox Ave. 442 Columbus Ave., bet. 81 and 82 Sts. 70 Nasaau Street, near John Street. 1405 St. Nicholas Ave., 180 ft 181 Sts. ?629 Broadway, het. 90 and 100 Sts. 3548 Broadway, bet. 145 & 149 Sts, 1007 B'way, nr. Willoughby. B'klyn. 489 Fulton St., opp. A. & S., B'klyn. 683 Broad St., next to Bedell, Newark either aliens or of foreign parentage. Russians predominated. Typical of the groups surprised by the raiders was that found' at- the- 'Russian communist headquarters, at 208 East Twelfth Street. There twelve women and twen? ty men were conducting a meeting in the Russian language. The speaker was haranguing on the "class struggle" and painting a hope? ful picture of conditions as they would be under universal Bolshevism when the raiders enterd. Hall in Confusion "Just hold ou a minute," advised a member of Sergeant James J. Gegan's bomb squad. For a moment the hall was in confusion. A moment later the men and women were lined up against tke wallt searched .and marched to the snewalk. Two minutes later the hall was dark. ^Thirty-five men and fifteen women were holding a meeting at the head- j quarters of the Communist party lag night, when four Department of Jus- ; tuie agents with drawn pistols entered aid commanded all those present to j ttjrow up their hands. ?The men and women obeyed with afcerity and were backed into a corner and held there, while the agents search? ed'.' the room. Copies of "The Com m?rnist World,'* the. party organ, and a&ook on internationalism were seized. ?One of the' agents then telephoned toe East Fifth Street police station, ; Which sent patrol wagons to the hall. I T|te men and women were searched and - mbst of them taken to the Department o% Justice headquarters at 21/ Park B*w. a Raid In Brooklyn ?n Brooklyn, the raiders struck first a* the county headquarters ? of the Communist party, 1010 Flushing Ave? nue, where 150 men and women were arrested. They were booed and hissed ast they were taken from the building and packed into patrol wagons. Large qijantities of radical literature were confiscated. thirteen places were raided in New York. They were: FNovy Mir," 77 St. Mark's Place., Bastian Socialist newspaper. 180 Henry Street. "15 Grand Street. 74 Grand Street. East Tenth Street, headquarters the Communist party, the Communist h?r party and "The Communist ?rid," a magazine devoted to revo tionary. propaganda. |208 East Twelfth Street. ?222 East Forty-second Street. C1407 Second Avenue.. ?1644 Third Avenue. 1664 Madison Avenue, headquarters the Russian Communist party. 1010 Flushing Avenue, Brooklyn. 292 Second Street, Brooklyn. 1709 Pifckin Avenue, Brownsville. Literature Confiscated Phe raid on the "Novy Mir" was lompted, according to Chief Flynn, It only because of the paper's activity j spreading Bolshevik propaganda, but Jcause of its association with the Soviet leaders. At one time Trotzky >a editor of the paper. Ludwig C. A. Martens, who has been under fire of Lusk committee, was formerly a rector. Quantities of literature ??inted in the Russian language were ten by the raiders. "The Communist World" is the offl il organ of the Communist party, for ?blishing which James Larkin, the sh agitator, and Benjamin Gitlow, i rmerly a Socialist Assemblyman, v ire indicted under the state anti-an ? chy law. Trucks rilled with those taken in the r id? arrived at the Department of J ?tice headquarter? about every fi teen minutes. Prisoners were r shed up elevators to the fourteenth fl or. There ?he, process of assorting a ens from citizens was begun. Mr. F ynn said only a small number o? ti ose taken probably would be held. I, however, were photographed and K A t? ?ger-printed, ?Mr. Flynn said that those who ad? mitted they were aliens probably would be sent to Ellis Island to-day, where tief will he examined by a special beard of inquiry. Those who claim to be Americans, but have no proof, will be held, and if found to be citizens will be handed over to the state authorities pending an examination to learn whether they will be prosecuted under ike anti-anarchy law. Raids fa New jersey la New Jersey Hudson and Bergen ?aunties made elaborate and careful ?reparation? for the work of harvest? ing and sorting out Red? taken with? in their limits. Alfred A, Frank, of the Department of Justice, wss in ?entwand of the raiders and Depart? ment of Justice ?gents were reinforced ?T detectives end uniformed men ?tem ersey City, Hobelten, Hsckensaek and other cities and towns. Four hundred and ten warrants were issued. Before the men started out to ?eree the?*/ ?be City Hstt i? ietMf City waa ?leered of er?ry eme ?*v Federal I sad 1oeal pome om?er*. There thai Outrages Spurred Hunt For Anarchists in U. S. Mailing of "May Day'' Bombs Revealed Wide? spread Conspiracy to Murder Officials; Thou? sands Seized in Raids by Federal Authorities The intimation that radical activity in this country had reached the stage of open violence came on May Day of last year, when the nation was shocked by the discovery of a country-wide plot to assassinate more than a score i of high government officials and promi? nent citizens. The fact that it was a nation-wide conspiracy was brought to light when seventeen dynamite bombs were found in the mails in the New York postoffice. In the meantime a warning was sent broadcast and other bombs were seized in various postoffices throughout the country. Several of the infernal ma? chines reached their designation, but with one exception either failed to explode or did not damage. The bombs were addressed to many Cabinet and government officials and prominent citizens, including Attorney General Palmer, Postmaster General Burleson, United States Judge Landis, of Chicago; Secretary of Labor Wilson, John D. Rockefeller, J. P. Morgan, United States Commissioner of Immi? gration Caminetti, W. M. Woods, of Boston; Governor Sproul, of Pennsyl? vania; John L. Burnett, chairman of the House Immigration Committee, and W. J. Shaffer, Attorney General of Pennsylvania. Mrs. Hard wick Injured One of-the infernal machines, which was sent to Senator Thomas Hardwick, of Georgia, when opened at the Senator's home, exploded and blew the hands off a negro maid and injured Mrs. Hardwick. 4k All the .bomb??found at this time were cleverly concealed in small col? lapsible boxes and were wrapped with paper, which bore the forged nama of Gimbel Brothers. They were com? monly known at the time as the "Gimbel bombs." Following the discovery of these bombs the police of the various cities throughout the country and Federn] agents launched upon a nation-wide raid in search of anarchists, Bolshc visits and radicals. Although ? larg< amount of explosives was seized and < number of arrests made, the sender: of the bombs were never apprehended On the night of Jufte 2, the coun try was again startled by one of th( most daring bomb outrages in tn< history of the nation, when the hom< of Attorney General Palmer in Wash ington was wrecked and infernal ma chines were exploded damaging th? homes of public officials and prominen business men. Explosions, took plac in Washington, Pittsburgh, Cleveland Newtonville, Mass., Boston, Philadel phia, Paterson, N. J., and this city. Watchman Killed Here None of the men for whom the bomb were intended was hurt, but one mar a watchman here, was killed, seven persons were injured, buildings wer wrecked, and in Washington one c the plotters was blown to pieces whe the infernal machine intended for Ai torney General Palmer exploded pri maturely. ' The explosions were practically a accompanied by the scattering < anarchistic literature written, by pe: 'sons who' were hoT illiterate. The li erature advocated the overthrow of t! government and a class war. Secret Service agents at this tin declared that the new bomb outrai was. but another unsuccessful attemj on the part of "unknown" anarchis to resume a campaign of terrorism b gun with the May Day attempt to d liver infernal machines through tl mails out of New York, Attorney General Palmer characte iaed the activities of the anarchis as an attempt "to terrorize the c?.ui try and stay the hand of the gover ment in rounding up radicals ai anarchists throughout the nation. Many arrests followed the bomb ou rages. Groups of I. W. W. agitato and Russian Bolshevik leaders ^ai members were rounded up througho the country, but all efforts to place t; blame for the explosions failed. Relentless War on "Reds" During the succeeding months agei of the Department of Justice and poli carried on a relentless war against ra< cala of all kinds. The various st? governments also augmented the Fc eral authorities' work and conduct special investigations, In New Yc State the Lusk investigating comm tee launched a campaign against t archists, Bolshevists and Communia ?? " " ? ???" ?i ' ? ? 'i .???? radicals were brought in and ques? tioned. . A cordon of police kept every one but the raiders and their captives a block away from the hall. Even the Montgomery Avenue trolley cars, which usually pass the building, were re? routed. No vehicles were permitted to use streets passing the structure. On the Hacken sack River a barge was moored, which will be used later to transport all aliens held after exam? ination to Newark, where they will be imprisoned, pending action on the ques? tion of their deportation. American citizens arrested were locked up for the night in Hudson and Bergen county jails. I A number of automobiles were char t tered, and these were kept busy all j evening, bringing Reds to City Hall. Policemen who cooperated with Depart? ment of Justice agents were all sworn in for the special work and wore plain clothes while participating in the raids. Members of the American Legion who had been sworn in as deputy marshals, aided Federal agents and police in Newark in their raids on every Communist and Communist Labor headquarters in Essex County. Meet? ings were broken up at four places in Newark, and the persons attending ar? rested and searched. When the prisoners were brought to the Federal Building, aliens an.i American citizens were separated, t?a latter being turned over to the County Prosecutors office. The aliens will eventually be sent to Ellis Island. Citizens Aid Raiders In Peterson more than a hundred citizens aided the Federal and local au? thorities in carrying out the raids. An hour after they started out fifty pris? oners had been brought in. Raids here were under the direction of the Newark office of the department. Other towns in which it directed the round-up included Harrison, West New York, Plainfield, Passaic, Dover, Now Brunswick, Bayonne, Elizabeth and South River. Chief Special Agent Frank Stone was in charge of ail activities directed .by the Newark office. New "Red"Raid Made in Chicago City Combed* for Second Time in 2 J Hours; 100 Mare Suspect? Taken Special Comtpontlenc* CHICAGO, Jen. 2.?The second round-up within twenty ?four hours of rtdiesl* fa the Chicago ?re? was made to-night by MjenttK of the Department $i ?Ittstifi* The neue? cooperated with which resulted in hundreds of arrests. The Liisk committee summoned be? fore it L. C. A. K. Martens, who claims to be Soviet Ambassador, and made repeated attempts to have him give an account of his activities and purposes in this country. Raids were carried out on a large scale and tons of radical literature and hundreds of pefrsons were/rounded up here. Agents of the committee also descended upon the Rand School of So? cial Science and seized many docu? ments, books and pamphlets, which it was alleged showed that institution'? connection with recent radical activity. Another nation-wide terrorist plot was frustrated in Cleveland on October 30, when the police rounded up seven men and a woman, who are alleged to have been involved in a conspiracy to spread terror throughout the country by another series of bomb explosions. They also were charged with being associated with a plot to assassinate Chief of Police Frank W. Smith of that city. Other raids fol? lowed in which more than a score of persons in the Ohio city and New York were taken and large quantities of ?radical literature was seized. More Than 200 Arreste Here Early in November agents of the Department of Justice, under the per? sonal direction of Chief William Flynn, made another sweeping raid, rounding up scores of radicals and alleged "Reds" in many cities throughout the country. More than 200 arrests were made here. Scores were taken in Chi? cago, St. Louis, Philadelphia and other cities, including many radical agitators whose activities are believed to have been responsible for much of the un? rest throughout the nation for many I months. It was in these raids, the Federal ; agents declared, that they had captured practically all of the active leaders | of the Communist party and had pretty j well destroyed it. Practically all known Communist headquarters throughout the country were wiped out and local officers arrested. While these raids were in progress Emma Goldman and her associate, Alexander Berkman, the nation's two greatest radical agitators, were being held by the Federal authorities for de? portation. Later they were released on bail, but, losing their vigorous fight to prevent their being sent out of the country, they were again confined on Ellis Island. As a climax to the war on the "Reds" which had been waged for many ?months, the government announced ! that Berkman and Goldman, together j with more than 200 anarchists and radicals under arrest, would be de? ported from the country. Plans were speedily made, by the Department of Justice agents for the mobilization of the anarchists on Ellis Island. Special trains were soon speeding to New York with convicted "Reds" from all sections of the coun? try for deportation. Back to "Soviet Russia" After keeping their plans secret for many days the State Department an? nounced that the undesirables would be sent to "Soviet Russia" on the army transport Buford, which sailed with its cargo ?f anarchists, communists and radicals ea?ly December 21. The ship, which was known as the "Soviet Ark," sailed under sealed orders with 249 passengers, including Berkman and Goldman. The ship load contained men arrested in this city, Philadelphia, Boston, Bridgeport, Hart? ford, New Haven, Ansonia and Water bury, Conn.; Cleveland, Akron, and YoungstoWn, Ohio; Baltimore, Chicago, Buffalo, Detroit and San' Francisco A wireless message from the Buford yesterday gave her position as two thirds across the Atlantic. With the sailing of the "Soviet Ark' the Federal authorities warned the re? maining radicals and Communists thai other "arks" with deportees would likely leave American shores in th? near future with cargoes of undesir ables. The Department of Justice de clared that it had a card index of 60, 000 radicals, who are under scrutiny and announced its intention to arres and deport all who proved to advocat< the overthrow of the government bj violence. The present raids are a sequel to thi government's pro- .so to rid the coun try of "Reds" and undesirables. the Federal operatives. Nearly a hun? dred arrests had been made at 10 o'clock. To-night's dragnet, led by the De? partment of Justice officials, followed on the heels of the raids made last night under direction of Maclay Hoyne, state's attorney for Cook County, in which more than two hundred were arrested. ' Bearing on Mr. Hoyhe's statement last night that the Federal govern? ment had withdrawn its support in the raid at the last minute and its agents had even tipped off some of the leaders sought, it developed to? day that A. Mitchell Palmer had writ? ten Mr. Hoyne, urging him to defer the local raid which he conducted last night. . In his letter to Mr. Hoyne, Attorney General Palmer said: "The Department of Justice is con? templating a .nation-wide campaign against certain gxoups of radicals . which, if things go as we expect, will 1 take place in the very near future. The object of our activities will be to secure, to submit to the Department of Labor, cases for the deportation of a very large number of some of our most dangerous anarchists and radical agitators." Hoyne's Action Not Explained No explanation of why Mr. Hoyric proceeded with the raids despite At? torney General Palmer's letter could be obtained. It was stated in Federal circles that Mr. Hoyne had been aware that the radicals sought by him were in many cases also on the Department of Justice lists and would have beer caught in the same net, and that the Federal raid would be carried out re? gardless of what the local authoritiei decided to do. Mayor Thompson said to-night tha? notwithstanding the fact that the higb cost of living gave the "Reds" an ex? cellent opportunity of spreading theii propaganda, he did 'not believe theii activities had spread to such a degree that it could not be handled by the Chicago police. The radical appeal t( "go and get it" by the rough ana read} route would not appeal to the great body of workers, he declared. Special Grand Jury Ordered A special grand jury was orderet impanelled next Monday, to hear th< case of the radicals and iayeatigati the entire "Red" situation in the city Less than a dozen men so far havi ben arraigned on charges of con ?piracy to violate the statute agains criminal syndicalism in this state, bu most of those who were have bee? held under $10,000 bail. Thomas Whitchead, secretary an? treasurer of the I. W. W,f who ha been sought the last two days, wa arrested to-night by the police of th< Desplaines Street Station. The nolle still seek William H?ywood, I. W. W ?fcieitain, who is out under boni pending final action on hi? conviction of violating the espionage act. Raids Successful In Middle West Alleged Radicals Taken by Score and Much New Evidence Is Seized ST. LOUIS, Mo., Jan. 2?At midnight the total number of arresta made in the drive against "Red" organizations was twenty-five, twenty In St. Louis and five in East St. Louis. TOLEDO, Ohio, Jan. 2?Eight alleged local leader? of the Communist Labor party were arrested here to-night in a raid conducted by the Department of Justice. The officials claim to have taken a large amount of documentary (evidence, among which was a charter dated November 24, 1919, and drawn up in Chicago. One hall that the agents visited was bedecked with portraits of Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxembourg. CLEVELAND, Jan. 2.?At midnight thirty-five arrests had been made in the raid on radicals. The mailing list and a card ihdex of members were seized in a raid on the headquarters of the communist party. Volunteer clerks and Federal officials went over the lists, taking names which had not been previously assigned, and turned them over to the twenty-five raiding parties. MILWAUKEE, Jan. 2.?Thirty "Reds" were taken into custody to-night by Federal agents. KANSAS CITY, Kan., Jan. 2.?Twelve members of the Communist party, all Russians, were arrested to-night by agents jbf the Department of Justice. PORTLAND, Ore., Jan 2.?Twenty radicals were arrested to-night by Fed? eral authorities. INDIANAPOLIS, Jan. 2.?-Raids on alleged radical headquarters in seven Indiana cities were conducted to-night by Federal agents cooperating with local police in the different cities, it was stated to-night at headquarters of the Department of Justice here. The cities were Fort Wayne, South Bend, Anderson, Terre Haute, Vincennes, Clinton and Gary. No reports on the number of arrests made had been re? ceived at the Federal offices here up to a late hour. OAKLAND, Cal., Jan. 2.?Fifteen persons, several of them women, were arrested to-night by Federal Secret Service agents on charges of violation of the immigration laws. Warrants were out for about fifteen more on ?similar charges, according to Federal officers. 1 DES MOINES, Iowa, Jan. 2.-*Twelve men and four women, all radicals, were arrested to-night. YOUNGSTOWN, Ohio, Jan. 2.?Six? teen alleged radicals were taken in raids here to-night. Only one formal arrest had been made up to midnight. Raids in Camden And Philadelphia PHILADELPHIA, Jan. 2.?More than two hundred men and women sus? pected of unlawful radical activities : were rounded up heu? and In camden, ?. J., to-night by agents of the De? partment of Justice headed by Todd Daniels and aided by the city police. The majority of them were taken to the F?d?rai Building where an all night examination was held. Most of the alleged radicals were taken in a hall on North Sixth Street in this city, where Federal agents sur? prised them bv breaking into their assembly rooms. In this building about 125 persons were taken into cus? tody. In the Sixth Street hall the "Lithuanian Socialist Chorus" was holding a meet? ing when the government agents en? tered. There was no rush for the doors, but all those in the hall sat quietly while Daniels explained his visit. In another part of the building where the ! "Philadelphia School to Aid Soviet Rus? sia" had its headquarters, fifty men were rounded up, only one of whom claimed American citizenship. The "Russian Social League" in the same building also was raided. The work of examining the prisoners was slow. Many protested their arrest and some who submitted without trou? ble objected to the recording of their finger prints. PITTSBURGH, Jan. 2.?Twenty-one alleged radicals were arrested in the Pittsburgh district to-night-by Depart? ment of Justice agents cooperating in the nation-wide round-up of alleged members of the communist parties. The men were held for examination to? morrow by Federal agents. Fifteen raids were carried out in the district, including the towns of Mc kee's Rocks, Braddock and Carnegia. ERIE, Pa.. Jan. 2?Three alleged leaders of the Erie communist party were arrested to-night in a raid by Department of Justice agents on the home of John Balkolski, reputed chief of the radicals. WILKES-BARRE, Pa., Jan. 2.?State I police, working in cooperation with Federal agents, made a series of raids in various towns in the Wyoming Val? ley to-night. At midnight twenty ar? rests were reported. The prisoners are being held at the police barracks at Wyoming. Link Clothing Workers With Communist Cult -/? ROCHESTER, N. Y., Jan. 2.?The Lusk committee closed its up-state hearings here to-day after it " had heard evidence tending to show that the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America was syndicalistic and that the Rochester Young People's Socialist League was affiliated with the Com? munist party of America, and active in urging the use of "battle tactics" to conquer the power of the state. The Amalgamated Clothing Workers, which control employees in all but one of Rochester's large clothing factories, were linked up with Assemblyman Claessenn, with Nuorteva of the Soviet Bureau, with Drake of the Political Prisoners' Defense Fund and with the Communist party. The committee produced evidence seized in the raid on the radical head? quarters here showing that a national emergency convention of the Young People's Socialist League took place in Rochester on December 27. This asso? ciation was shown to have been affil? iated with the Communist party and pledged to the principle? of the Third International of Moscow, and its mani? festo to have ?aid that battle tactic? must be u??d to conquer the power of the state. It was shown also that the Rochester organisation of the Socialist fsrty hsd been in elo?e touch with the land School of Social Scienc?, and that this ?chool hsd ?ent grest quantities Chargeon Which 'Reds 'Are Seized Radicals arrested last night in | the nation-wide raids undertaken by the government are all charged, according to the lan? guage of the warrants, with be? ing: "Members of, or affiliated with, an organization that enter? tains a belief in the overthrow Dy force or violence of the gov? ernment of the United States or advocates the overthrow by force or violence of all forms of law, or that advocates the overthrow by force or violence of the gov? ernment of the United States, or teaches opposition to all organ? ized government." of anarchistic literature to Rochester and had supplied the Rochester branch ? with a number of professional agita? tors to make addresses. Pamey W. Finch, special investigator for the committee, took the stand sev? eral times during the day and said he had information to prove that when the Rochester clothing manufacturers signed the agreement with the amalga? mated, in one instance they went around to sign up workers who were not already in the organization and forced about 90 per cent of their em? ployees to subscribe to the doctrines of the amalgamted, ? syndicalistic organi? zation, in order to retain their jobs. At the close of to-day's sessions the committee hearings were adjourned subject to call by Senator Lusk. Round-Up at Baltimore To Be Continued T?-day Special Correspondence BALTIMORE, Jan. 2.?Twenty-four radicals were arrested here to-night by government agents in a general round? up of aliens. More than fifty offi? cers of the Department of Justice, the United States Marshal's office and the local police department in fast mo? tor cars, scoured the city and raided the homes of the "Reds." A large quantity of "Red" literature was taken by the officers. Officials in charge of the round-up stated at midnight that they would continue their work to-morrow. As the men were taken into the Department of Justice headquarters in the postof? fice they were closely questioned by detectives. After the first group had been arrested the officers secured the names of their comrades and immedi? ately .government agents returned to the homes of the radicals and ar? rested them. Raid 'Red9 Headquarters In Pittsburgh and District PITTSBURGH, Jan. 2.?Department of Justice, agents cooperating,in the nation-wide round-up of radicals raided alleged radicals headquarters in vari? ous sections of the Pittsburgh district to-night. The number of alleged radicals taken was not known at the ornee of the De? partment of Justice here early to-night. Hundreds Arrested in Five Philadelphia Raids PHILADELPHIA, Jan. 2.?Raids on alleged radical headquarters in five different sections of Philadelphia were made to-night by agents of the Depart? ment of Justice, aided by city police. Those arrested were assembled at po? lice stations, and later were taken to the Federal Building for examination. Up. to ^0:30 o'clock 208 prisoners had been taken to two police stations. At that hour no reports had been received from the other stations, where it. was planned to assemble those taken in the raids. 20 Seized in Louisville In Half-Hour RoundAJp LOUISVILLE, Jan. 2.?Raids con? ducted on headquarters of alleged radicals began here at 9:30 o'clock to? night. Twenty alleged radicals had been taken by 10 o'clock. They were held for examination. The raids were conducted by Department of Justice agents. Raids in Detroit Net 300 Prisoners in Hour DETROIT, Jan. 2.?More than two hundred Department of Justice opera? tives, assisted by police, raided as? sembly halls and private homes here to-night, rounding up alleged radicals. The first groups of prisoners arrived ut Department of Justice headquarters at 10 o'clock, and an hour later three hundred were in custody. Federal agents expected a large num? ber to be detained, they stated. Many of, those taken in the raids were ar? rested on Federal warrants. Revolution Declared Aim Of Radicals Continued from page 1 scious expression of the class struggle of the workers against capitalism. Its aim is to direct this struggle to the ? conquest of political power, the over? throw of capitalism and the destruc? tion of the bourgeois state. "Communist Is Party of Action" "The Communist party prepares itself for the revolution, in the measure that it develops a program of im? mediate action, expressing the mass struggles of the. proletariat. These struggles must be inspired with revo? lutionary spirit and purpose. "The Communist party is funda? mentally a party of ection. It brinsrs j to the workers a consciousness of their ; oppression, of the impossibility ot im? proving their conditions under capi? talism. The Communist party directs the workers' struggle against capital? ism, developing fuller forms and pur? poses in this struggle, culminating In the mass action of the revolution." Leaders Come From Russia ? It is understood the Department of Justice is convinced that the men who are leading the activities of the Com? munist party, and the Communist La? bor party in this country arrived here only recently from Soviet Russia. The Communist leaders have been especially desirous of injecting their spirit into already established labor groups, hoping thereby to gain quicker and more ?ffeoti e influence among the | ?reat bod> >t laborers in the United tates. They hoped before long, ac? cording to virtually indisputable evi? dence collected by government agents, I to elect to political offices men who ! would have Bolshevism at heart and j become nothing more than destructive elements in th? government of which they became a part. The Communist Labor organization, : the records now in the hands of the authorities show, appeals particularly to the foreign element. The radical leaders were anxious to instill in the minds of these workers the idea that the present government in this coun? try is distinctly unfriendly to them and thereby win converts ? . 'Red Ark9 Flashes 1920 Greetings De ported Anarchists9N ear Azores, Wireless Good Wishes to "Comrades" "Good wishes to our comrades in America, from their exiled comrades on the high sea." ., This was the substance of a wireless j message received yesterday from the I passengers on the transport Buford, which is carrying jjCmma Goldman, Alexander Berkman arid 247 other de? ported aliens to Soviet Russia. Fed? eral authorities gave out the gist of j the message yesterday. It was an- ! nounced that the "Soviet Ark," which sailed from New York December . 2ft, was ..about two-thirds across, the At? lantic'. ' Soon to Reach Azores < , ? No mention was made in the message of any untoward incident on the trip. The authorities assumed that the an? archists are all "doing well." It Is ex? pected that the Buford will reach the Azores within a few days and will then proceed through the English Channel to the North Se?. The route thence is to be through the Kiel Canal into the Baltic to Some port where the an? archists will be turned over to the Soviet authorities. Complaints of disorderly conduct against Dr. Gertrude Kelly, of 607 Madison Avenue; Gladys Greiner, of 61 Hamilton Place; Mary Duffy, of 214 Smith Street, Jersey City, Julius Fried? man, of 708 Madison Street, and his brother Samuel, who were arrested in the "amnesty for political prisoners" parade in Fifth Avenue Christmas morning, were dismissed yesterday by Magistrate Joseph ?. Corrigan in the Jefferson Market court. When the decision was. announced sympathizers in the ' court room cheered so lustily that Michael J. Dris coll, Assistant District Attorney, jumped to his feet. "This is contempt of court, your honor," he said. "I will run my court as it suits me, thank you," said Magistrate Corrigan. Referring to the complaint made against placards "Free the Political Prisoners," carried in the parade, the court held that the paraders were merely expressing opinions and not violating any law. Policeman Censured One policeman was censured for being "too officious" in arresting a woman as she was entering a church. "Go ahead and arrest me," the woman is alleged to have said. "They arrested Christ 2.000 years ago." The police? man said he considered this sufficient to warrant the woman's arrest. Another chorus of cheering from the spectators- caused Magistrate Corri? gan to rap his gavel threateningly. 5TJfAVE.Af46Ti!?? NEW YORK, Continue?Today?Their After-Holiday Sales ? Furs ' Tailored and Fur-trimmed Suits Cloth Coats and Wraps?* Daytime and Evening Gow?s? Rich Fur-trimmed Evening Wraps Hats and Blouses. At very important reductions ussian'.Czar' ? Ger?ian Kaiser 73 of Their Private Letters, Covering a Period of Twenty Years, 1894-1914 will be published in ?She ?fcgjob? THESE HISTORIC DOCUMENTS were found by the Soviet authorities among the personal effects of the Czar after his execution in July, 1918? at Ekaterinburg. the authenticity of these letters has been established beyond shadow of a doubt by Mr. Isaac Don L?vine, who saw the originals in Moscow. Experts in London have added the? testimony that the letters are genuine. IRREFUTABLE AND UNQUESTIONABLE DOCUMENTS showing that the Kaiser domfc nated the Czar; that he worked systematically to involve the Czar in ambitious Asiatic adventuregj; that lie labored for an alliance between Germany and Russia, aimed at Great Britain and her sea power. THE LETTERS AREWRITTEN IN ENGLISH, the favorite language of the Russian Imperial k family. To-Night in ?li?A&^ I .."'?' Vi? s "'st y ' ? "This, is ?not the place- for a- monkey show," he said. "If I hear any more disturbance I'll, send the offenders to jail." : 25 Raiding Parties Get 10? in Cleveland Special Correspond?nde i CLEVELAND, Jan. 2.?Led by Fed? eral and 'city police officials, more than twenty-five raiding parties descended to-night on haunts of radicals, meeting places of alien revolutionaries and homes of avowed Bolshevists through? out the city.. At midnight about one hundred had been arrested and taken to the Federal Building, where they were held pend? ing investigation. i Bliss Morton, regional agent of the Department of Justice, directed the round-up. He was assisted by Chief* Police Smith, Inspector Jacob Gta^ thirty uniformed officers and memi?!| of the American Legion. > Carl Hecker, secretary of the cow munist party in Cleveland, was tultA to the Federal Building at 9 o'clod^ after a raid on the party'.?? ^?-d?d?P ters. Hecker and other officials W? at work mailing out the current ?? tion of "The Socialist News." $? police seized the mailing list mi i card index of the members of tig party. The card index was taken Jj the Department of Justice headquar? ters, where a force of clerks and Fe4^ eral officials went over the lists takinj names which had not been previously assigned to the raiding parties. Only aliens or suspected aliens wtrt to be arrested, Mr. Morton said W night. Foreign members of the cwsi munist party, the Communist '..?m party, the I. W. W. or any organ!?* tion believing in the destruction ?f, the government by force, were to b# held. -??^?yii. \ut\uumm?9^^^r nox)Khats PREMIER QUALITY x FOURTEEN DOLLARS ~ ROUGH finished soft ~^,^hat made on lines that ^X?* become the man with ample shoulders. Shown in sage, a silvery gray; fern, a darker green, and two shades of brown. pine and hazel. 4?a--at**N avifcur^'''?*? ? t?i ?doadway At ?otH ?tact? 8<Noe? ?wao'N?