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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, January 03, 1920, Image 2

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I Your eyes and the space
speed of light
i 186,000 miles a second?such
.'is the amazing speed at which
light travels.
As you read this the impres?
sions of the type on the paper
rare, being transferred to the
'sensitive film of your eyes at
this almost inconceivable rate.
? Think of the wonderfully deli?
cate organism of the eyes which
makes them capable of respond
> ing to such intense activity.
Such finely adjusted and com
"plex organisms will not bear
.uabuse or careless inattention.
*-' Appreciation of these facts
".'and of the importance of minute
*;care in treating eye defects are
./keynotes in the policy of th?
,,;/W. H. Harris organization.
* At the first sign of eye trouble
let one of our Oculists (medical
^doctors) determine the cause.
??There will be no charge except
?for the glasses prescribed-?-"//.
*? glasses are required.
a ?
??p^roadway, Corner Duane Street.
17 W. 34 St., 3-a*rs f'm McCreery & Co.
64 East 23d Street, near 4th Aves.
?4 W. 12Eth Street, near Lenox Ave.
442 Columbus Ave., bet. 81 and 82 Sts.
70 Nasaau Street, near John Street.
1405 St. Nicholas Ave., 180 ft 181 Sts.
?629 Broadway, het. 90 and 100 Sts.
3548 Broadway, bet. 145 & 149 Sts,
1007 B'way, nr. Willoughby. B'klyn.
489 Fulton St., opp. A. & S., B'klyn.
683 Broad St., next to Bedell, Newark
either aliens or of foreign parentage.
Russians predominated. Typical of the
groups surprised by the raiders was
that found' at- the- 'Russian communist
headquarters, at 208 East Twelfth
Street. There twelve women and twen?
ty men were conducting a meeting in
the Russian language.
The speaker was haranguing on the
"class struggle" and painting a hope?
ful picture of conditions as they would
be under universal Bolshevism when
the raiders enterd.
Hall in Confusion
"Just hold ou a minute," advised a
member of Sergeant James J. Gegan's
bomb squad. For a moment the hall
was in confusion. A moment later the
men and women were lined up against
tke wallt searched .and marched to the
snewalk. Two minutes later the hall
was dark.
^Thirty-five men and fifteen women
were holding a meeting at the head- j
quarters of the Communist party lag
night, when four Department of Jus- ;
tuie agents with drawn pistols entered
aid commanded all those present to j
ttjrow up their hands.
?The men and women obeyed with
afcerity and were backed into a corner
and held there, while the agents search?
ed'.' the room. Copies of "The Com
m?rnist World,'* the. party organ, and
a&ook on internationalism were seized.
?One of the' agents then telephoned
toe East Fifth Street police station,
; Which sent patrol wagons to the hall.
I T|te men and women were searched and
- mbst of them taken to the Department
o% Justice headquarters at 21/ Park
a Raid In Brooklyn
?n Brooklyn, the raiders struck first
a* the county headquarters ? of the
Communist party, 1010 Flushing Ave?
nue, where 150 men and women were
arrested. They were booed and hissed
ast they were taken from the building
and packed into patrol wagons. Large
qijantities of radical literature were
thirteen places were raided in New
York. They were:
FNovy Mir," 77 St. Mark's Place.,
Bastian Socialist newspaper.
180 Henry Street.
"15 Grand Street.
74 Grand Street.
East Tenth Street, headquarters
the Communist party, the Communist
h?r party and "The Communist
?rid," a magazine devoted to revo
tionary. propaganda.
|208 East Twelfth Street.
?222 East Forty-second Street.
C1407 Second Avenue..
?1644 Third Avenue.
1664 Madison Avenue, headquarters
the Russian Communist party.
1010 Flushing Avenue, Brooklyn.
292 Second Street, Brooklyn.
1709 Pifckin Avenue, Brownsville.
Literature Confiscated
Phe raid on the "Novy Mir" was
lompted, according to Chief Flynn,
It only because of the paper's activity
j spreading Bolshevik propaganda, but
Jcause of its association with the
Soviet leaders. At one time Trotzky
>a editor of the paper. Ludwig C. A.
Martens, who has been under fire of
Lusk committee, was formerly a
rector. Quantities of literature
??inted in the Russian language were
ten by the raiders.
"The Communist World" is the offl
il organ of the Communist party, for
?blishing which James Larkin, the
sh agitator, and Benjamin Gitlow,
i rmerly a Socialist Assemblyman,
v ire indicted under the state anti-an
? chy law.
Trucks rilled with those taken in the
r id? arrived at the Department of
J ?tice headquarter? about every
fi teen minutes. Prisoners were
r shed up elevators to the fourteenth
fl or. There ?he, process of assorting
a ens from citizens was begun. Mr.
F ynn said only a small number o?
ti ose taken probably would be held.
I, however, were photographed and
t? ?ger-printed,
?Mr. Flynn said that those who ad?
mitted they were aliens probably would
be sent to Ellis Island to-day, where
tief will he examined by a special
beard of inquiry. Those who claim to
be Americans, but have no proof, will
be held, and if found to be citizens will
be handed over to the state authorities
pending an examination to learn
whether they will be prosecuted under
ike anti-anarchy law.
Raids fa New jersey
la New Jersey Hudson and Bergen
?aunties made elaborate and careful
?reparation? for the work of harvest?
ing and sorting out Red? taken with?
in their limits. Alfred A, Frank, of
the Department of Justice, wss in
?entwand of the raiders and Depart?
ment of Justice ?gents were reinforced
?T detectives end uniformed men ?tem
ersey City, Hobelten, Hsckensaek and
other cities and towns. Four hundred
and ten warrants were issued.
Before the men started out to ?eree
the?*/ ?be City Hstt i? ietMf City
waa ?leered of er?ry eme ?*v Federal I
sad 1oeal pome om?er*. There thai
Outrages Spurred Hunt
For Anarchists in U. S.
Mailing of "May Day'' Bombs Revealed Wide?
spread Conspiracy to Murder Officials; Thou?
sands Seized in Raids by Federal Authorities
The intimation that radical activity
in this country had reached the stage
of open violence came on May Day of
last year, when the nation was shocked
by the discovery of a country-wide
plot to assassinate more than a score i
of high government officials and promi?
nent citizens.
The fact that it was a nation-wide
conspiracy was brought to light when
seventeen dynamite bombs were found
in the mails in the New York postoffice.
In the meantime a warning was sent
broadcast and other bombs were seized
in various postoffices throughout the
country. Several of the infernal ma?
chines reached their designation, but
with one exception either failed to
explode or did not damage.
The bombs were addressed to many
Cabinet and government officials and
prominent citizens, including Attorney
General Palmer, Postmaster General
Burleson, United States Judge Landis,
of Chicago; Secretary of Labor Wilson,
John D. Rockefeller, J. P. Morgan,
United States Commissioner of Immi?
gration Caminetti, W. M. Woods, of
Boston; Governor Sproul, of Pennsyl?
vania; John L. Burnett, chairman of
the House Immigration Committee, and
W. J. Shaffer, Attorney General of
Mrs. Hard wick Injured
One of-the infernal machines, which
was sent to Senator Thomas Hardwick,
of Georgia, when opened at the
Senator's home, exploded and blew the
hands off a negro maid and injured
Mrs. Hardwick. 4k
All the .bomb??found at this time
were cleverly concealed in small col?
lapsible boxes and were wrapped with
paper, which bore the forged nama
of Gimbel Brothers. They were com?
monly known at the time as the
"Gimbel bombs."
Following the discovery of these
bombs the police of the various cities
throughout the country and Federn]
agents launched upon a nation-wide
raid in search of anarchists, Bolshc
visits and radicals. Although ? larg<
amount of explosives was seized and <
number of arrests made, the sender:
of the bombs were never apprehended
On the night of Jufte 2, the coun
try was again startled by one of th(
most daring bomb outrages in tn<
history of the nation, when the hom<
of Attorney General Palmer in Wash
ington was wrecked and infernal ma
chines were exploded damaging th?
homes of public officials and prominen
business men. Explosions, took plac
in Washington, Pittsburgh, Cleveland
Newtonville, Mass., Boston, Philadel
phia, Paterson, N. J., and this city.
Watchman Killed Here
None of the men for whom the bomb
were intended was hurt, but one mar
a watchman here, was killed, seven
persons were injured, buildings wer
wrecked, and in Washington one c
the plotters was blown to pieces whe
the infernal machine intended for Ai
torney General Palmer exploded pri
maturely. '
The explosions were practically a
accompanied by the scattering <
anarchistic literature written, by pe:
'sons who' were hoT illiterate. The li
erature advocated the overthrow of t!
government and a class war.
Secret Service agents at this tin
declared that the new bomb outrai
was. but another unsuccessful attemj
on the part of "unknown" anarchis
to resume a campaign of terrorism b
gun with the May Day attempt to d
liver infernal machines through tl
mails out of New York,
Attorney General Palmer characte
iaed the activities of the anarchis
as an attempt "to terrorize the c?.ui
try and stay the hand of the gover
ment in rounding up radicals ai
anarchists throughout the nation.
Many arrests followed the bomb ou
rages. Groups of I. W. W. agitato
and Russian Bolshevik leaders ^ai
members were rounded up througho
the country, but all efforts to place t;
blame for the explosions failed.
Relentless War on "Reds"
During the succeeding months agei
of the Department of Justice and poli
carried on a relentless war against ra<
cala of all kinds. The various st?
governments also augmented the Fc
eral authorities' work and conduct
special investigations, In New Yc
State the Lusk investigating comm
tee launched a campaign against t
archists, Bolshevists and Communia
?? " " ? ???" ?i ' ? ? 'i .????
radicals were brought in and ques?
tioned. .
A cordon of police kept every one
but the raiders and their captives a
block away from the hall. Even the
Montgomery Avenue trolley cars, which
usually pass the building, were re?
routed. No vehicles were permitted
to use streets passing the structure.
On the Hacken sack River a barge was
moored, which will be used later to
transport all aliens held after exam?
ination to Newark, where they will be
imprisoned, pending action on the ques?
tion of their deportation. American
citizens arrested were locked up for
the night in Hudson and Bergen
county jails.
I A number of automobiles were char
t tered, and these were kept busy all
j evening, bringing Reds to City Hall.
Policemen who cooperated with Depart?
ment of Justice agents were all sworn
in for the special work and wore plain
clothes while participating in the raids.
Members of the American Legion
who had been sworn in as deputy
marshals, aided Federal agents and
police in Newark in their raids on
every Communist and Communist Labor
headquarters in Essex County. Meet?
ings were broken up at four places in
Newark, and the persons attending ar?
rested and searched.
When the prisoners were brought
to the Federal Building, aliens an.i
American citizens were separated, t?a
latter being turned over to the County
Prosecutors office. The aliens will
eventually be sent to Ellis Island.
Citizens Aid Raiders
In Peterson more than a hundred
citizens aided the Federal and local au?
thorities in carrying out the raids. An
hour after they started out fifty pris?
oners had been brought in.
Raids here were under the direction
of the Newark office of the department.
Other towns in which it directed the
round-up included Harrison, West New
York, Plainfield, Passaic, Dover, Now
Brunswick, Bayonne, Elizabeth and
South River.
Chief Special Agent Frank Stone was
in charge of ail activities directed .by
the Newark office.
New "Red"Raid
Made in Chicago
City Combed* for Second
Time in 2 J Hours; 100
Mare Suspect? Taken
Special Comtpontlenc*
CHICAGO, Jen. 2.?The second
round-up within twenty ?four hours of
rtdiesl* fa the Chicago ?re? was made
to-night by MjenttK of the Department
$i ?Ittstifi* The neue? cooperated with
which resulted in hundreds of arrests.
The Liisk committee summoned be?
fore it L. C. A. K. Martens, who claims
to be Soviet Ambassador, and made
repeated attempts to have him give an
account of his activities and purposes
in this country.
Raids were carried out on a large
scale and tons of radical literature
and hundreds of pefrsons were/rounded
up here. Agents of the committee also
descended upon the Rand School of So?
cial Science and seized many docu?
ments, books and pamphlets, which it
was alleged showed that institution'?
connection with recent radical activity.
Another nation-wide terrorist plot
was frustrated in Cleveland on October
30, when the police rounded up seven
men and a woman, who are alleged
to have been involved in a conspiracy
to spread terror throughout the
country by another series of bomb
explosions. They also were charged
with being associated with a plot to
assassinate Chief of Police Frank W.
Smith of that city. Other raids fol?
lowed in which more than a score of
persons in the Ohio city and New York
were taken and large quantities of
?radical literature was seized.
More Than 200 Arreste Here
Early in November agents of the
Department of Justice, under the per?
sonal direction of Chief William Flynn,
made another sweeping raid, rounding
up scores of radicals and alleged
"Reds" in many cities throughout the
country. More than 200 arrests were
made here. Scores were taken in Chi?
cago, St. Louis, Philadelphia and other
cities, including many radical agitators
whose activities are believed to have
been responsible for much of the un?
rest throughout the nation for many
I months.
It was in these raids, the Federal
; agents declared, that they had captured
practically all of the active leaders
| of the Communist party and had pretty
j well destroyed it. Practically all
known Communist headquarters
throughout the country were wiped out
and local officers arrested.
While these raids were in progress
Emma Goldman and her associate,
Alexander Berkman, the nation's two
greatest radical agitators, were being
held by the Federal authorities for de?
portation. Later they were released
on bail, but, losing their vigorous fight
to prevent their being sent out of the
country, they were again confined on
Ellis Island.
As a climax to the war on the "Reds"
which had been waged for many
?months, the government announced
! that Berkman and Goldman, together
j with more than 200 anarchists and
radicals under arrest, would be de?
ported from the country.
Plans were speedily made, by the
Department of Justice agents for the
mobilization of the anarchists on Ellis
Island. Special trains were soon
speeding to New York with convicted
"Reds" from all sections of the coun?
try for deportation.
Back to "Soviet Russia"
After keeping their plans secret for
many days the State Department an?
nounced that the undesirables would
be sent to "Soviet Russia" on the army
transport Buford, which sailed with its
cargo ?f anarchists, communists and
radicals ea?ly December 21.
The ship, which was known as the
"Soviet Ark," sailed under sealed
orders with 249 passengers, including
Berkman and Goldman. The ship load
contained men arrested in this city,
Philadelphia, Boston, Bridgeport, Hart?
ford, New Haven, Ansonia and Water
bury, Conn.; Cleveland, Akron, and
YoungstoWn, Ohio; Baltimore, Chicago,
Buffalo, Detroit and San' Francisco
A wireless message from the Buford
yesterday gave her position as two
thirds across the Atlantic.
With the sailing of the "Soviet Ark'
the Federal authorities warned the re?
maining radicals and Communists thai
other "arks" with deportees would
likely leave American shores in th?
near future with cargoes of undesir
ables. The Department of Justice de
clared that it had a card index of 60,
000 radicals, who are under scrutiny
and announced its intention to arres
and deport all who proved to advocat<
the overthrow of the government bj
The present raids are a sequel to thi
government's pro- .so to rid the coun
try of "Reds" and undesirables.
the Federal operatives. Nearly a hun?
dred arrests had been made at 10
To-night's dragnet, led by the De?
partment of Justice officials, followed
on the heels of the raids made last
night under direction of Maclay Hoyne,
state's attorney for Cook County, in
which more than two hundred were
arrested. '
Bearing on Mr. Hoyhe's statement
last night that the Federal govern?
ment had withdrawn its support in
the raid at the last minute and its
agents had even tipped off some of
the leaders sought, it developed to?
day that A. Mitchell Palmer had writ?
ten Mr. Hoyne, urging him to defer
the local raid which he conducted last
night. . In his letter to Mr. Hoyne,
Attorney General Palmer said:
"The Department of Justice is con?
templating a .nation-wide campaign
against certain gxoups of radicals
. which, if things go as we expect, will
1 take place in the very near future.
The object of our activities will be
to secure, to submit to the Department
of Labor, cases for the deportation of
a very large number of some of our
most dangerous anarchists and radical
Hoyne's Action Not Explained
No explanation of why Mr. Hoyric
proceeded with the raids despite At?
torney General Palmer's letter could be
obtained. It was stated in Federal
circles that Mr. Hoyne had been aware
that the radicals sought by him were
in many cases also on the Department
of Justice lists and would have beer
caught in the same net, and that the
Federal raid would be carried out re?
gardless of what the local authoritiei
decided to do.
Mayor Thompson said to-night tha?
notwithstanding the fact that the higb
cost of living gave the "Reds" an ex?
cellent opportunity of spreading theii
propaganda, he did 'not believe theii
activities had spread to such a degree
that it could not be handled by the
Chicago police. The radical appeal t(
"go and get it" by the rough ana read}
route would not appeal to the great
body of workers, he declared.
Special Grand Jury Ordered
A special grand jury was orderet
impanelled next Monday, to hear th<
case of the radicals and iayeatigati
the entire "Red" situation in the city
Less than a dozen men so far havi
ben arraigned on charges of con
?piracy to violate the statute agains
criminal syndicalism in this state, bu
most of those who were have bee?
held under $10,000 bail.
Thomas Whitchead, secretary an?
treasurer of the I. W. W,f who ha
been sought the last two days, wa
arrested to-night by the police of th<
Desplaines Street Station. The nolle
still seek William H?ywood, I. W. W
?fcieitain, who is out under boni
pending final action on hi? conviction
of violating the espionage act.
Raids Successful
In Middle West
Alleged Radicals Taken
by Score and Much
New Evidence Is Seized
ST. LOUIS, Mo., Jan. 2?At midnight
the total number of arresta made in
the drive against "Red" organizations
was twenty-five, twenty In St. Louis
and five in East St. Louis.
TOLEDO, Ohio, Jan. 2?Eight alleged
local leader? of the Communist Labor
party were arrested here to-night in
a raid conducted by the Department of
Justice. The officials claim to have
taken a large amount of documentary
(evidence, among which was a charter
dated November 24, 1919, and drawn
up in Chicago. One hall that the agents
visited was bedecked with portraits of
Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxembourg.
CLEVELAND, Jan. 2.?At midnight
thirty-five arrests had been made in the
raid on radicals.
The mailing list and a card ihdex of
members were seized in a raid on the
headquarters of the communist party.
Volunteer clerks and Federal officials
went over the lists, taking names which
had not been previously assigned, and
turned them over to the twenty-five
raiding parties.
MILWAUKEE, Jan. 2.?Thirty "Reds"
were taken into custody to-night by
Federal agents.
KANSAS CITY, Kan., Jan. 2.?Twelve
members of the Communist party, all
Russians, were arrested to-night by
agents jbf the Department of Justice.
PORTLAND, Ore., Jan 2.?Twenty
radicals were arrested to-night by Fed?
eral authorities.
INDIANAPOLIS, Jan. 2.?-Raids on
alleged radical headquarters in seven
Indiana cities were conducted to-night
by Federal agents cooperating with
local police in the different cities, it
was stated to-night at headquarters of
the Department of Justice here. The
cities were Fort Wayne, South Bend,
Anderson, Terre Haute, Vincennes,
Clinton and Gary. No reports on the
number of arrests made had been re?
ceived at the Federal offices here up to
a late hour.
OAKLAND, Cal., Jan. 2.?Fifteen
persons, several of them women, were
arrested to-night by Federal Secret
Service agents on charges of violation
of the immigration laws. Warrants
were out for about fifteen more on
?similar charges, according to Federal
1 DES MOINES, Iowa, Jan. 2.-*Twelve
men and four women, all radicals,
were arrested to-night.
YOUNGSTOWN, Ohio, Jan. 2.?Six?
teen alleged radicals were taken in
raids here to-night. Only one formal
arrest had been made up to midnight.
Raids in Camden
And Philadelphia
PHILADELPHIA, Jan. 2.?More than
two hundred men and women sus?
pected of unlawful radical activities
: were rounded up heu? and In camden,
?. J., to-night by agents of the De?
partment of Justice headed by Todd
Daniels and aided by the city police.
The majority of them were taken to
the F?d?rai Building where an all
night examination was held.
Most of the alleged radicals were
taken in a hall on North Sixth Street
in this city, where Federal agents sur?
prised them bv breaking into their
assembly rooms. In this building
about 125 persons were taken into cus?
In the Sixth Street hall the "Lithuanian
Socialist Chorus" was holding a meet?
ing when the government agents en?
tered. There was no rush for the doors,
but all those in the hall sat quietly
while Daniels explained his visit. In
another part of the building where the
! "Philadelphia School to Aid Soviet Rus?
sia" had its headquarters, fifty men
were rounded up, only one of whom
claimed American citizenship. The
"Russian Social League" in the same
building also was raided.
The work of examining the prisoners
was slow. Many protested their arrest
and some who submitted without trou?
ble objected to the recording of their
finger prints.
PITTSBURGH, Jan. 2.?Twenty-one
alleged radicals were arrested in the
Pittsburgh district to-night-by Depart?
ment of Justice agents cooperating in
the nation-wide round-up of alleged
members of the communist parties.
The men were held for examination to?
morrow by Federal agents.
Fifteen raids were carried out in the
district, including the towns of Mc
kee's Rocks, Braddock and Carnegia.
ERIE, Pa.. Jan. 2?Three alleged
leaders of the Erie communist party
were arrested to-night in a raid by
Department of Justice agents on the
home of John Balkolski, reputed chief
of the radicals.
WILKES-BARRE, Pa., Jan. 2.?State
I police, working in cooperation with
Federal agents, made a series of raids
in various towns in the Wyoming Val?
ley to-night. At midnight twenty ar?
rests were reported. The prisoners
are being held at the police barracks
at Wyoming.
Link Clothing Workers
With Communist Cult
ROCHESTER, N. Y., Jan. 2.?The
Lusk committee closed its up-state
hearings here to-day after it " had
heard evidence tending to show that
the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of
America was syndicalistic and that the
Rochester Young People's Socialist
League was affiliated with the Com?
munist party of America, and active
in urging the use of "battle tactics"
to conquer the power of the state.
The Amalgamated Clothing Workers,
which control employees in all but one
of Rochester's large clothing factories,
were linked up with Assemblyman
Claessenn, with Nuorteva of the Soviet
Bureau, with Drake of the Political
Prisoners' Defense Fund and with the
Communist party.
The committee produced evidence
seized in the raid on the radical head?
quarters here showing that a national
emergency convention of the Young
People's Socialist League took place in
Rochester on December 27. This asso?
ciation was shown to have been affil?
iated with the Communist party and
pledged to the principle? of the Third
International of Moscow, and its mani?
festo to have ?aid that battle tactic?
must be u??d to conquer the power of
the state. It was shown also that the
Rochester organisation of the Socialist
fsrty hsd been in elo?e touch with the
land School of Social Scienc?, and that
this ?chool hsd ?ent grest quantities
Chargeon Which
'Reds 'Are Seized
Radicals arrested last night in |
the nation-wide raids undertaken
by the government are all
charged, according to the lan?
guage of the warrants, with be?
"Members of, or affiliated
with, an organization that enter?
tains a belief in the overthrow
Dy force or violence of the gov?
ernment of the United States or
advocates the overthrow by force
or violence of all forms of law,
or that advocates the overthrow
by force or violence of the gov?
ernment of the United States, or
teaches opposition to all organ?
ized government."
of anarchistic literature to Rochester
and had supplied the Rochester branch ?
with a number of professional agita?
tors to make addresses.
Pamey W. Finch, special investigator
for the committee, took the stand sev?
eral times during the day and said he
had information to prove that when
the Rochester clothing manufacturers
signed the agreement with the amalga?
mated, in one instance they went
around to sign up workers who were
not already in the organization and
forced about 90 per cent of their em?
ployees to subscribe to the doctrines of
the amalgamted, ? syndicalistic organi?
zation, in order to retain their jobs.
At the close of to-day's sessions the
committee hearings were adjourned
subject to call by Senator Lusk.
Round-Up at Baltimore
To Be Continued T?-day
Special Correspondence
BALTIMORE, Jan. 2.?Twenty-four
radicals were arrested here to-night by
government agents in a general round?
up of aliens. More than fifty offi?
cers of the Department of Justice, the
United States Marshal's office and the
local police department in fast mo?
tor cars, scoured the city and raided
the homes of the "Reds." A large
quantity of "Red" literature was taken
by the officers.
Officials in charge of the round-up
stated at midnight that they would
continue their work to-morrow. As the
men were taken into the Department
of Justice headquarters in the postof?
fice they were closely questioned by
detectives. After the first group had
been arrested the officers secured the
names of their comrades and immedi?
ately .government agents returned to
the homes of the radicals and ar?
rested them.
Raid 'Red9 Headquarters
In Pittsburgh and District
PITTSBURGH, Jan. 2.?Department
of Justice, agents cooperating,in the
nation-wide round-up of radicals raided
alleged radicals headquarters in vari?
ous sections of the Pittsburgh district
The number of alleged radicals taken
was not known at the ornee of the De?
partment of Justice here early to-night.
Hundreds Arrested in
Five Philadelphia Raids
PHILADELPHIA, Jan. 2.?Raids on
alleged radical headquarters in five
different sections of Philadelphia were
made to-night by agents of the Depart?
ment of Justice, aided by city police.
Those arrested were assembled at po?
lice stations, and later were taken to
the Federal Building for examination.
Up. to ^0:30 o'clock 208 prisoners had
been taken to two police stations. At
that hour no reports had been received
from the other stations, where it. was
planned to assemble those taken in the
20 Seized in Louisville
In Half-Hour RoundAJp
LOUISVILLE, Jan. 2.?Raids con?
ducted on headquarters of alleged
radicals began here at 9:30 o'clock to?
Twenty alleged radicals had been
taken by 10 o'clock. They were held for
examination. The raids were conducted
by Department of Justice agents.
Raids in Detroit Net
300 Prisoners in Hour
DETROIT, Jan. 2.?More than two
hundred Department of Justice opera?
tives, assisted by police, raided as?
sembly halls and private homes here
to-night, rounding up alleged radicals.
The first groups of prisoners arrived
ut Department of Justice headquarters
at 10 o'clock, and an hour later three
hundred were in custody.
Federal agents expected a large num?
ber to be detained, they stated. Many
of, those taken in the raids were ar?
rested on Federal warrants.
Declared Aim
Of Radicals
Continued from page 1
scious expression of the class struggle
of the workers against capitalism. Its
aim is to direct this struggle to the ?
conquest of political power, the over?
throw of capitalism and the destruc?
tion of the bourgeois state.
"Communist Is Party of Action"
"The Communist party prepares
itself for the revolution, in the measure
that it develops a program of im?
mediate action, expressing the mass
struggles of the. proletariat. These
struggles must be inspired with revo?
lutionary spirit and purpose.
"The Communist party is funda?
mentally a party of ection. It brinsrs j
to the workers a consciousness of their ;
oppression, of the impossibility ot im?
proving their conditions under capi?
talism. The Communist party directs
the workers' struggle against capital?
ism, developing fuller forms and pur?
poses in this struggle, culminating In
the mass action of the revolution."
Leaders Come From Russia ?
It is understood the Department of
Justice is convinced that the men who
are leading the activities of the Com?
munist party, and the Communist La?
bor party in this country arrived here
only recently from Soviet Russia.
The Communist leaders have been
especially desirous of injecting their
spirit into already established labor
groups, hoping thereby to gain quicker
and more ?ffeoti e influence among the |
?reat bod> >t laborers in the United
tates. They hoped before long, ac?
cording to virtually indisputable evi?
dence collected by government agents,
I to elect to political offices men who
! would have Bolshevism at heart and
j become nothing more than destructive
elements in th? government of which
they became a part.
The Communist Labor organization,
: the records now in the hands of the
authorities show, appeals particularly
to the foreign element. The radical
leaders were anxious to instill in the
minds of these workers the idea that
the present government in this coun?
try is distinctly unfriendly to them
and thereby win converts
? .
'Red Ark9 Flashes
1920 Greetings
De ported Anarchists9N ear
Azores, Wireless Good
Wishes to "Comrades"
"Good wishes to our comrades in
America, from their exiled comrades
on the high sea." .,
This was the substance of a wireless j
message received yesterday from the I
passengers on the transport Buford,
which is carrying jjCmma Goldman,
Alexander Berkman arid 247 other de?
ported aliens to Soviet Russia. Fed?
eral authorities gave out the gist of j
the message yesterday. It was an- !
nounced that the "Soviet Ark," which
sailed from New York December . 2ft,
was ..about two-thirds across, the At?
lantic'. '
Soon to Reach Azores < , ?
No mention was made in the message
of any untoward incident on the trip.
The authorities assumed that the an?
archists are all "doing well." It Is ex?
pected that the Buford will reach the
Azores within a few days and will then
proceed through the English Channel
to the North Se?. The route thence is
to be through the Kiel Canal into the
Baltic to Some port where the an?
archists will be turned over to the
Soviet authorities.
Complaints of disorderly conduct
against Dr. Gertrude Kelly, of 607
Madison Avenue; Gladys Greiner, of
61 Hamilton Place; Mary Duffy, of 214
Smith Street, Jersey City, Julius Fried?
man, of 708 Madison Street, and his
brother Samuel, who were arrested in
the "amnesty for political prisoners"
parade in Fifth Avenue Christmas
morning, were dismissed yesterday by
Magistrate Joseph ?. Corrigan in the
Jefferson Market court.
When the decision was. announced
sympathizers in the ' court room
cheered so lustily that Michael J. Dris
coll, Assistant District Attorney,
jumped to his feet. "This is contempt
of court, your honor," he said. "I
will run my court as it suits me, thank
you," said Magistrate Corrigan.
Referring to the complaint made
against placards "Free the Political
Prisoners," carried in the parade, the
court held that the paraders were
merely expressing opinions and not
violating any law.
Policeman Censured
One policeman was censured for
being "too officious" in arresting a
woman as she was entering a church.
"Go ahead and arrest me," the woman
is alleged to have said. "They arrested
Christ 2.000 years ago." The police?
man said he considered this sufficient
to warrant the woman's arrest.
Another chorus of cheering from the
spectators- caused Magistrate Corri?
gan to rap his gavel threateningly.
After-Holiday Sales
? Furs '
Tailored and Fur-trimmed Suits
Cloth Coats and Wraps?*
Daytime and Evening Gow?s?
Rich Fur-trimmed Evening
Hats and Blouses.
At very important reductions
Ger?ian Kaiser
73 of Their Private Letters, Covering
a Period of Twenty Years,
will be published in
?She ?fcgjob?
by the Soviet authorities among the personal
effects of the Czar after his execution in July, 1918?
at Ekaterinburg.
the authenticity of these letters
has been established beyond shadow of a doubt
by Mr. Isaac Don L?vine, who saw the originals
in Moscow. Experts in London have added the?
testimony that the letters are genuine.
DOCUMENTS showing that the Kaiser domfc
nated the Czar; that he worked systematically to
involve the Czar in ambitious Asiatic adventuregj;
that lie labored for an alliance between Germany
and Russia, aimed at Great Britain and her sea
the favorite language of the Russian Imperial
k family.
To-Night in
.."'?' Vi? s "'st y ' ?
"This, is ?not the place- for a- monkey
show," he said. "If I hear any more
disturbance I'll, send the offenders to
jail." :
25 Raiding Parties
Get 10? in Cleveland
Special Correspond?nde i
CLEVELAND, Jan. 2.?Led by Fed?
eral and 'city police officials, more than
twenty-five raiding parties descended
to-night on haunts of radicals, meeting
places of alien revolutionaries and
homes of avowed Bolshevists through?
out the city..
At midnight about one hundred had
been arrested and taken to the Federal
Building, where they were held pend?
ing investigation. i
Bliss Morton, regional agent of the
Department of Justice, directed the
round-up. He was assisted by Chief*
Police Smith, Inspector Jacob Gta^
thirty uniformed officers and memi?!|
of the American Legion. >
Carl Hecker, secretary of the cow
munist party in Cleveland, was tultA
to the Federal Building at 9 o'clod^
after a raid on the party'.?? ^?-d?d?P
ters. Hecker and other officials W?
at work mailing out the current ??
tion of "The Socialist News." $?
police seized the mailing list mi i
card index of the members of tig
party. The card index was taken Jj
the Department of Justice headquar?
ters, where a force of clerks and Fe4^
eral officials went over the lists takinj
names which had not been previously
assigned to the raiding parties.
Only aliens or suspected aliens wtrt
to be arrested, Mr. Morton said W
night. Foreign members of the cwsi
munist party, the Communist '..?m
party, the I. W. W. or any organ!?*
tion believing in the destruction ?f,
the government by force, were to b#
-??^?yii. \ut\uumm?9^^^r
~ ROUGH finished soft
~^,^hat made on lines that
^X?* become the man with
ample shoulders. Shown in sage,
a silvery gray; fern, a darker
green, and two shades of brown.
pine and hazel.
4?a--at**N avifcur^'''?*? ? t?i ?doadway
At ?otH ?tact? 8<Noe? ?wao'N?

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