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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, January 05, 1920, Image 1

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ALI, MERCHANDISE
ADVERTISED IN THE
TRIB?NE IS GUARANTEED
Vol. LXXIX No. 26,713
First to last? the Truth:
[Copyright. lftt:<>,
>>,w Vork Tribun?- lncj
Mews'< ? Editorials Advertisements
SrUnme
MONDAY^ JANUARY 5,
1920
* ^ # :fc
W E,A TH E R
Fair and continued cold to-day; to
x morrow fair with rising tem?
perature; fresh noith
west winds.
Full Report on Pace IS
v\cn r>???ui 5In Great??" Now York and
i?*o C**>T* * within eommntinc distant?
THREE CENTS
Elsewhere
Mexico Ottered $100,000 BribeTo JenkinsKidnaper;
SinnFeiners Bomb, Seize and Loot Police Barracks
300 Capture
Cork Post in
3-Hour Siege
Haiders, After Long Ex?
change of Shots, Blow
Up End of Buildingj
and Overpower Force
'Arms,* Ammunition
And Cash Removed
Attackers, Leaving Police
Handcuffed, Threaten
to Destroy Station
LONDON, Jan. 4.?Three hun?
dred armed Sinn Feiners attacked
the police barracks at Carrigtohill
at 10 o'clock Saturday night, ac?
cording to a dispatch to the Central
Xews from Cork.
The attacking forces fired volleys J
for three hours and then blew up j
the end of the building with bombs. :
It5 occupants were made prisoners
'-.hue the raiders looted the bar- ?
racks.
The barracks was occupied by a j
sergeant, and five constables, who re- ;
turned the raiders' fire. Finding i
eventually that they were unable to i
?ain an entrance, the raiders threw j
bombs, entered the breach made in !
the building and seized and hand- ;
cuffed the policemen. They searched
the buildings, removing the arms, |
ammunition, accoutrements and
'?ioney, then held a council regard- j
mg the disposal of the police, and de- !
cidetf to' ?eave them bound, but!
threatened that if an attempt were ;
made to repair the building they j
would return and complete its de- j
?traction.
So? of Police Injured
The raiders decamped after cutting
the telephone communications, but po- j
lice assistance finally arrived from
Cork. It was found that none of the
policemen was injured. The sergeant's
?ife and family also were in the bar?
racks, but were<uninjured.
An Exchange Telegraph dispatch
irons Cork says:
."A further sensational outrage is re?
ported from the Cork district. The po?
lice barracks were blown up last night,
the police sergeant and his family
having a miraculous escape, the exp?o- ;
sives having been placed in an adjoin- :
ing ?table."
Village Threatened
"Some time prior to the attack on
the barracks large numbers of bicy?
clist? and motorists were seen converg- '
?fg upon the village of Carrigtohill,
"ight miles from Cork. They had no
sights, and when challenged bv the j
police patrols escaped into the neigh?
boring fields.
"The patrols, apprehensive, returned
to their quarters and found that the \
T<re communicaaon.". with the sur- ?
rounding towns had been cut. They j
managed, however, to get news to Mid
?leton that something startling was .
*foot, and armed police were sert to !
the scene."
The press association confirms the !
main outlines of the Cork story, but '
*ay? that one hundred men wcrp en- \
?'aged. Minor attacks on the police j
oarracks also occurred Saturday ni^ht
at Inohgeclagh and South Kilmurry. The :
*irea were cut in both instances, but
no one was injured. j
The Sinn Peinera in some districts !
?f western Ireland have formed vigi-1
?*nee committees to maintain order
,*jjd ?oppress violence, according to ;
"The Daiy Mail's" Dublin correspond- '
*st, and are policing certain areas with
*R??y and success. ;
"The committees," says the corre- i
?pondent, "are particularly intolerant
"' such crimes as shooting through
windows, homing ricks and maiming ;
?*ttU, and *h? night patrols organized
?y peasant farmers when they seize
'"?nder? inflict severe punishment, on
item."
_ I
Election to Test
Sinn Fein Power
bish to Choose Whole,
iVew Group of Local]
Officials on Jan. 15
DUBLIN, Jan. 4.<~The first local elec- '
u*n? since the beginning of the war
*,;! be held all over Ireland on .Tan
3*ry, 15. .-and remarkable interest is
!?r* ?" to tn<sro hecaus?: they will
i*?i how fuf tn? ?inn Kein party is
Wtong lu own.
i ?i t it,l:h? fOv?mment for a long pe
,ulB.** ,,e*n conducted by popularly
.'J?!?** ?"?"ty. rural and urban din
"Jr. ?*?n??U. Their composition i*
fc?n!*?? ? ?*'? ?cuide to the ?t?te of
S"?* ?? the country, for the opinion
?I,/** ????li?l?t?i? or? the question o?
??i-?*erfliflent u generally the prin
"%[ '??tor in the voting.
t? ?i t l council? in the three ?outh
** ?f*a??. thu? far bave been ever
?f u?'"fi? ???P?*mi ?* Hom? Ruler?
22?** Nationalist party. All local
?lfc2S?Jwtr? *u*P??d>d by the gov
liy-T1 ?Mug the v:,r to prevent pos
^Z?',"^' J?mnwt?lii >h<-, Nation.
O/ttlhuud o,i. neat pay?
i Reynolds to Run
i Coolidge Campaign
Resigns as Secretary of
Republican Committee
to Help Governor Win
I CHICAGO, Jan. 4.--James B. Rey
I nolds, of Massachusetts, secretary of
i the Republican National Committee
since 1912, has resigned, it was an?
nounced here to-dav, to take the man?
agement of the campaign of Governor
Calvin Coolidge of Massachusetts for
the nomination for President. The
resignation is effective January 10.
The announcement from central
Western headquarters oE the Republi?
can National Committee said it was
expected that Clarence B. Miller, of
Minnesota, for ten years a member of
Congress from the Duluth district,
would be made acting secretary. He
will assume tell of Mr. Reynolds's
duties until the national committee
takes formal action.
"Jimmie" Reynolds, factotum of the
national committee for years, will open
Governor Co?lidge's campaign head?
quarters in Washington.
Mr. Miller has been engaged for sev?
eral months in special work at Wash?
ington for the national committee. He
last represented the Duluth district in
the 65th Congress.
Clemenceau Averse
To Being President
PARIS, Jan. 4.?Premier Clemenceau
returned at 10:40 o'clock this morning
from hi3 trip in the Department of
Var and went directly to the Ministry
of War.
It wa3 noted by those who accom?
panied him on his visit that he avoided
making any direct statement' as to
whether he would be a candidate for
the Presidency, or, rather, whether he
would be willing to accept that office.
His replies, however, gave the impres?
sion that he was still averse to further
public office holding.
For instance, during the reception
given him at the Cuers City Hall, the
Mayor of Cuers, in referring to the
portrait of the President of France,
which invariably hangs in a French
City Hall, remarked to the Premier:
"I hope soon to see your portrait
in our meeting hall inscribed, 'Georges
Clemenceau, President of the Re?
publik' "
The Premier smiled as he replied.
"Don't listen to that bad man," he
said. "He is talking about something
he knows nothing about. Were I to
be installed in the Magistrate's office,
which suits neither my taste nor my i
temperament, should I be rendering |
any greater service? Each individual,
by his daily toil, works for his eountry.
With a good pen and ink, and the paper
on .which to write down fine and strong
ideas of justice and tiuth, one is, in
a democracy like ourn, king of the
world."
Wood Heavy Favorite
Of Missouri Editors
Republican Poll Gives Him 40
Votes to 5 Each for Hard?
ing and Lowden
Special Corrctptmdenc*
JEFFERSON CITY, Mo., Jan. 4.?In
a poll of Republican editors of Mis?
souri, taken by State Oil Inspector
Omar D. Gray and made public to-day,
Major General Leonard Wood distanced
his field, with a total of forty votes, i
His nearest competitors were Governor;
Lowdf(n of Illinois and Senator Hard-1
'ing, oi Ohio, each with five votes. Sen- ;
ator Johnson, of California; Governor i
Allen of Kansas and Charles E. Hughes
received three each and Senator Poin
dexter two, while Senator Capper, of
Kansas; Elihu Root, Senator Lodge,
Governor Coolidge, William II. Taft
and General Pershing polled one each.
A poll of Democratic editors taken
at the same time showed William G.
McAdoo far in the lead, with forty-five.
Champ Clark is second, with nineteen,
and President Wilson third, with four?
teen. Attorney General Palmer re?
ceived three votes and Senator Reed,
of Missouri, two. One vote was cast
for William J. Bryan. Others with a
single vote were Herbert Hoover, Sen?
ator Underwood, ex-Secretary of Com?
merce Redfield and former Governor
Glynn of New York.
Congress Reconvenes. To-day
Month* of Hart! Work Ahead,
With Short Recess in Summer
WASHINGTON, Jan. 4.- Congress
reconvenes at noon to-morrow after a
fortnight's holiday, with months of
hard work in sight and adjournment
expected by few leaders before the
Presidential campaign next fall. The
only recess looked for is a brief one
in summer, when the national party
conventions are in session.
The Senate will resume to-morrow
consideration of the sedition bill of
Senator Sterling, Republican, North '
Dakota, and later begin work on the j
House waterpower development meas- !
ure. The Victor Berger election case j
is the principal featuro of to-morrow's j
program in the House, where leader? !
plan to reject immediately the re- !
election certificate of the Milwaukee !
Socialist, ousted in the last session |
and promptly reflected.
Republicans Win at Golf
Justice Finch and Elihu Root Jr. !
Victors in 7-Day Match j
Special Corr$ipond?nee
P?NEH?K8T, S. ('., Jan. 4. The Re- J
I publican* triumphed in the seven-day i
: yoii battle here between two New York
Supreme Court Justices, John il- Tier?
ney and K. P. Lydon, on one side and
another Justice, Edward it. Finch,
paired with Elihu Root jr., on the other
aide., Justice Finch and young Mr.
| Root/won on the final day by two hole?
; or four point?, Nassau syitter?.
The match seesawed. At one tima
ih" Republic an n had a r??p?ctabJo load,
1 Tin? v/n* wiped out by the Democratic
Var don? and Otthnot*, but the ,?-'.;<< r
loat their lead on the last. day.
Strikes Basis
OfRevolution
In 'Red' Plot
Documents Reveal Com?
munists Planned to Con?
trol Unions and Fan
Walk-Outs Into Revolt
'Bore From Within'
Program of Action
it
Manifesto" Calls Fed?
eration of Labor "Bul?
wark of Capitalism"
WASHINGTON, Jan. 4.?Plans of the
Communist and Communist Labor
parties, against which the great raids
by government agents started Friday
night are directed, to gain control of
all labor organizations as the means
of fomenting revolution were re?
vealed to-night in documents made
public by the Department of Justice.
Assistant Attorney General Garvan
made public the documents which were
seized in several cities, with the de?
sire, he said, that "the American peo?
ple learn the real purposes of these
menacing groups and the nature of
the poison they were spreading."
In their plan to "bore from within"
in the labor unions, as disclosed in
the "manifesto and program," the
leaders of the Communist and Com?
munist Labor parties outlined for their
adherents the program, for inciting:
simultaneous small strikes and de-1
velopment of these small strikes into
mass action. The plan of action was
given in detail from "small strikes to
minor mass strikes, from minor mass
strikes to*>gen?ral st'rikfe'?; and from
general strikes to the dictatorship of
the proletariat through revolution."
"Unionism Bulwark of Capitalism"
Deploring the trend of development
of trade unionism, the "manifesto"
says.
"The older unionism was based en
the craft divisions of small industry.
The unions consisted primarily of
skilled workers whose skill in itself
is a form of property. The unions are
not organs of the militant class strug?
gle now. To-day, the dominant union?
ism is actually a bulwark of capital?
ism, merging in imperialism and
accepting state capitalism."
The "manifesto" admonishes the fol?
lowers of the parties that they "must
actively engage in the struggle to
revolutionize the trade unions." It
adds that as against the unionism of
the American Federation of Labor,
there is need for emphasis of revo?
lutionary implications and that:
"We recognize that the American
Federation of Labor is reactionary and
the bulwark of capitalism."
Pledged to Join Mass Strikes
The Communist party members j
pledge themselves. the manifesto j
shows, to participate in all mass strikes, j
not so much to achieve the ends of j
the particular strike but to further j
its program of revolution. Complete ;
capitulation by capital in all strikes j
is given as one aim, while collective
bargaining or dickering of any kind i
between employer and employee has !
no place in the radicals' scheme of i
overthrowing the present political eco- !
nomic system. i
"The manifesto of the Communist,
International," which was made pub- |
lie as one of the documents subscribed :
to by both the Communist and Cdm- ?
munist labor groups of this country, j
characterizes the league of nations as ?
"the cover under which the world cap- !
italists prepared for their final battle." ?
The league covenant itself is de- !
scribed as only "a deluge of pacifist ;
phrase-mongering, a desperate effort j
made to pull together the tumbling j
capitalistic system." ^ I
Action of the government in obtain?
ing an injunction against the leaders
of the bituminous coal strikes was em?
ployed by the Communist party heads
as ammunition in their campaign, de?
claring that the capitalist used the j
government's power, a weapon which i
the workers could not muster. This j
evidence is contained in a pamphlet ?
printed within a few days after At- I
torney General Palmer had reached an j
agreement with officiais of the United
Mine Workers.
World "Dictatorship
Of Proletariat" Aimed \
i-~
Data Shows That L?nine and i
Trotsky Recognize I\'o iVa-j
tional Lines in Program]
WASHINGTON, Jan. 4.?The com- j
munism of L?nine and Trotzky recog- ,
nizes no national lines or state boun
darles, but aims at engulfing the en- ;
tire world through establishment of a
"dictatorship of proletariat," accord?
ing to the "Kssence of Soviutism," pre?
pared by the BolHheviki themselves and
included in a collection of press utter?
ances translated fromfRussian news-,
papers for the State Department.
The memorandum, which presents an j
indictment of Bolshevik terrorism and
points out the Soviet program for
world revolution, was made public to?
day and has been transmitted to the
Senate and House-committees dealing
with foreign affairs. .
Four American radical organizations
were included in tho original list eli?
gible for representation and full mem?
bership, in tho "Thirti International,
Continued on pufjc three
"WJ?DOING ?KL*i?"?Hnrii? ?Theatre.
?i Moll Im,?hi, <;.i?i?'ly it All YtSM - A?it.
236 Murders Laid
To 'Red1" Dictator
Bela Kun yAlso Accused
of Using 197,000,000
Crowns in Propaganda
BUDAPEST. Dec. 31 (Delayed).?
j The High Court, which has been try
i ing_ Bela Kun, the former Communist
I dictator of Hungary, on numerous
[charges in connection with acts per
; formed during his dictatorship, closed
j its hearings to-day. On its findings it
j will renew its demand upon Austria for
j the extradition of Bela Kun, whose
| trial took place in his absence, to fix
j legal ground for the extradition de
' mand.
! Testimony was ottered to show Bela
i Kun guilty of 236 murders, 19 rob
| bevies and the use of 197,000,000
crowns for Communist propaganda irr
Vienna alone.
! It develops that the Communist
I Kerekes Colin, who was put to death
? last week, left a letter to the Attorney
j General confessing forty-four murders
by his own hand.
Reds" to Ask
Freedom on
Habeas ,Writs
201 Prisoners at Island
Will Act in Concert To?
day; More Raids Are
Coming, Flynn Predicts
j The 201 aliens, including twenty
! women, taken in the government's
! raids on the headquarters of the Com
i munist and the Communist Labor
! parties last Friday night and now held
at Ellis Island as liable to deportation,
will seek their liberty to-day through
habeas corpus proceedings.
At the same time, the prisoners, to?
gether with about 2,400 others seized
in other parts of the country, will
try to gain temporary freodom by fur?
nishing bail.
Secretary of Labor Wilson has ad?
vised that each prisoner be released on
$1,000 bail, pending the outcome of his j
case. It was predicted that before the j
middle of the week more "than half]
of the "Reds" would be released.
More Raids Promised
Other deyelopments yesterday were: ?
William J. Flynn, chief of the De- |
partment of Justice's bureau of in- !
vestigation, who conducted. Friday!
night's raids, declared that the work
of rounding up radicals in New York, ;
New Jersey and elsewhere was "not !
anywhere near finished." More activ- j
ity of the bureau's agents is to be ex- .
pected this wet-k, it was said.
Despite the protest of Byron II. Uhl, !
Acting Commissioner of Immigration, i
that the dormitories at Ellis Island are
overcrowded with immigrants awaiting i
admittance into this country and ?liens !
awaiting to be deported, more aliens
already ordered deported are expected |
to-day or to-morrow. Mr. tJii; raid 550
persons were being held at the island :
pending deportation proceedings. j
Members of the House Committee on ',
Immigration, which about twj months i
ago started an investigation of eondi- I
tions at Ellis Island, said Mioy would !
resume their hearings in New Yoik ,
Thursday. They expect to inquire into
complaints that deportees are being
"dumped" into New York and released
on bail here after being transported
across the country at the government's
expense.
Martins in Washington
The Russian Soviet Bureau, 110 West :
Fortieth Street, announced that Ludwig
C. A. K. Martens, head of the bureau, !
who eluded a full investigation by the
Lusk legislative committee, had gone to
Washington, where he will nppear be?
fore the Senate Committee o?. Foreign
Relations probably to-morrow to testify
concerning Bolshevik propaganda.
Organized effort to raise a fund to
fight the government's cares and to
furnish bail has been started by groups
of radicals not. affected by the raids.
Elizabeth Gtirley Flynn. head of the
Workers' Defense Union, 7 East
Fifteenth Street, anonunced that relief
for the aliens is being collected.
Charles Recht and two other at?
torneys have been employed to apply
for habeas corpus writs. Mr. Recht
yesterday issued a statement calling ?
on the government to permit aliens
to leave tin- country of their own
accofd instead of sending them to
Ellis Island.
Evidence that the Young People's
Socialist League, which broke away
from the Socialist party, has adopted
the program for which the Communists
are being prosecuted, was obtained by
the Lusk Committee in its recent in
vestigation at Rochester, according to
Samuel A. Berger, Deputy Attorney
General.
? Overthrow Is Approved
Mr. Berger declared yesterday that
the Socialist League, at a session held
in Rochester a week ago, voted in favor
of adopting the manifesto of the Com?
munist. International Convention now
being held at Moscow. The manifesto
calls for the overthrow by the workers
of all organized government and the
establishment of a government by the
proletariat.
"Every member of the Y. P. S. L. is
thus made just as liable to prosecu?
tion under the state anti-anarchy law ;
as arf the members of the Communist
party," said Mr. Berger.
Mr. Berger said that the committee's
raids Saturday night on the printing
establishments of four radical news?
papers had disclosed the source of An?
archist publications. At 5 East Third
Streot were found the printing forms
?and published sheets of "Bread and
Continued on pnyc three
[Senate Meets '
i
To-day; Lacks
Treaty Truce
-,
| Mild Reservationists Seek?
ing Compromise Hope
| to Agree Soon; Smith
Discussion Is Postponed
Hitchcock's Stand
May Prolong Fight
_?
j Lenroot Reservation on
Voting Power Feared
j To Be Stumbling Block
By Carter Field
New York Tribune
Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, Jan. 4.?The Senate
will meet to-morrow after its holiday
recess with no definite compromise on
the peace treaty worked out, but with
every "clement, except the "irrecon
cilables" in a more conciliatory frame
of mind.
The meeting of liberal Democratic
Senators planned for to-day and called
yesterday by Senator Hoke Smith, of
Georgia, was postponed by the Georgia
Senator, it was explained by Senator
King, of Utah, one of those who in?
tended to be present, because so many
of the Senators who were counted on
to take part had not reached Wash?
ington.
Senator King went to Senator Smith's
home and the two talked over the com?
promise idea.
"Senator Smith thought," said Sen?
ator King to-night, "that as several of
the Senators who would be with us in
working out a compromise were not in
town they might resent our |ctiftgin
their absence, and might suspect that
wheels were working within wheels.
"We agreed, therefore, to postpone
the meeting until some time later this
week."
Underwood Due January 15
Senator Underwood, of Alabama,
one of the leaders in the movement
for a compromise, who was not con?
sulted in the meeting scheduled for
to-day, is not expected back in Wash?
ington until January 15, the date of
the Democratic caucus, at which the
fight between Senator Underwood and
Senator Hitchcock for the Democratic
leadership will be decided.
The inspiration of the meeting
planned for to-day, it was learned,
came from Senators Trammel, of
Florida, and Chamberlain, of Oregon.
Senator Chamberlain voted for some of
tho Lodge reservations when the treaty
was before the Senate, and Mr. Tram?
mel voted against ratification without
reservations.
It has been recognized for some days
by the "mild reservationists" on the
Republican side, who were much dis?
appointed at the failure of the pro?
posed meeting to materialize to-day,
that the compromising would have to
be done by Democrats not associated
too closely with either Senator Hitch?
cock, who has been the Administration
leader, or Senator Underwood, his rival
for leadership.
Believe Hitchcock Opposed
Their idea is that Senator Hitch?
cock is too strongly opposed to any
compromise for which enough Repub?
lican votes could be gained to ratify
the treaty. On the other hand, while
they think Senator Underwood is will?
ing to go as far as necessary, negotia?
tions conducted by him would lead to
so much jealousy, owing to the fac?
tional fight in the Democratic ranks,
that the move would be blocked by
some strategical maneuver on the
part of the friends of Senator Hitch?
cock long before it could be de?
veloped.
It was this line of thought which led
to the invitation extended by the Re?
publican "mild reservationists" to Sen?
ator Pomerene recently to confer with
Senator Lodge.
Senator Hitchcock, in the opinion of
the mild group of Republicans, effectu?
ally blocked nny hope of success which
this move had when inspired. As soon
as he heard of it Mr. Hitchcock called1
u meeting of the Democratic members
of the Foreign Relations Committee to
be held at his home within a few hours
after Mr. Pomerene conferred with
Mr. Lodge, so that Mr. Pomerene could
make a report.
Compromise Appeared Impossible ,
This created a mental attitude on
th;; part of Senator Lodge and Senator
Pomerene, the mild group Senators
point out, which made any hope of
reaching a real compromise impossible.
Mr. Pomerene could not lose sight of;
the fact that he was to report to his i
colleagues on the committee within a ;
few hours. Neither could Mr. Lodge. |
Mr. Lodge could not escape the fact
that anything in the nature of a con-!
cession he might make would merely be ?
used as a new basis for demanding
further concessions by the Hitchcock
group as soon as Wr. Pomerene re- j
ported it.
Senators Smith and King, in their!
conferences today, are understood to
have discussed a proposed change in j
the Article X reservation, to the effect I
that instead of the United States as- !
suming to guarantee the territorial in- j
tegrity ot all the nations in the league,
it Would merely guarantee the terri?
torial integrity of the new nations set
up by the peace treaty. Such a pro?
posal was made as a substitute for the
Article X reservation during tho vot?
ing on reservations which nreceded
tho defeat of tho peace treaty, hut that
vote was held to be not particularly
significant, sa tho reservationists
Coiitiuvcd oil next page
Violent Earthquake Kills .
Scores Throughout Mexico
All Parts of Republic Feel Shock ; State of Vera Cruz
Suffers Most; Center Near Orizaba Vol?
cano ; Great Alarm in Large Gties
! MEXICO CITY, Jan. 4 (By The
Associated Press)?Scores of persons
have been killed in a violent earth?
quake which occurred in many parts of
Mexico last night. The center of the
disturbance is believed to have been
near the volcano of Orizaba.
Incomplete press reports indicate
that the State of Vera Cruz suffered
more than any other section, although
seismic disturbances were felt through
l out the entire republic. Ad vices, from
j Cordoba say that thirty dead already
i have been accounted for in the village
? of San Juan Coscomatepec, where many
houses were destroyed. There are un
? confirmed reports of a similar catas
! trophe in the village of Huatusco.
Fifty Dead in Jalapa
At Jalapa, further north, fifty vic
; tims of the earthquake have been
! counted, including numerous dead.
i Lack of communication with the
| other small towns and villages in the
! theater of the disturbance makes even
j approximate estimates of the casual
i ties impossible. ^
I The earthquake caused great alarm
j in the large cities. Marine disturb
? anees have occurred off Vera Cruz
j City, and there were some casualties
. there, although the number is not
j known, with considerable destruction
] of property.
From San Juan Coscomatepec it is
I reported that the shocks still continued
j to-day.
Information secured from the gov?
ernment observatory at Tacubaya
shows that there were three distinct
shocks, the strength of which, decen?
tralized the instruments. The first
! Meeker Sees
No Chance for
in Prices
Trend of Living Cost Up,
Not Down, Says Labor
Statistician ; Blames
Inflation of Currency
Neu> York. Tribune
t. Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, Jan. 4 ? In contra?
distinction to the public prediction of
I Attorney General Palmer that the high
j cost of living will fall before March 1,
j Royal C. Meeker, United States Com- j
l missioner of Labor Statistics, gave out j
i a prepared interview to-night declaring
j he saw no prospect of lower prices for
?several years to come, and expressing I
i the opinion that the trend of events !
j led to the belief ( that prices might go i
j still highei. " j
Dr. Meeker has been in charge of the ?
?collection of statistics on the cost of
j living for several years, and his predic- |
I tion was a subject of keen interest here j
to-night. it. was recalled that when
Mr. Palmer made his prophecy about
prices falling some ten days ago, his I
statement did not show that the De?
partment of Labor, under which Dr.
'Meeker cat ries on his work, shared his
' optimistic views.
In view of the fact that some of the ?
' wage disputes now before the railroad ,
! administration are involved with the
promised decreases in living; costs,
curiosity was expressed as to the ef?
fect of the Meeker prediction on those
controversies.
! Meeker'? Statement
Here is what Dr. Meeker had to say
on the subject:
"Everybody is anxiously watching
' the course of prices, and even more
anxiously inquiring when, if ever, prices
are coming down. The wish is father
! to the thought, and it is easy for the
! housewife to accept any statement that
? prices are slated for a fall in the near
future.
"Before attempting to answer the
query as to wlien, if ever, prices are to ?
j fall, it would be well to consider the
causes which have brought about the
remarkable rise in prices since 1915.
These causes may he summarized as j
I follows:
"(1) By far the most important cause
of increased prices is the enormous
additions to the circulating medium. '
money and its substitutes, during the
: last four years;
"(2) Decrease in the actual physical
i quantities of goods produced and ex- I
changed;
, "(.'!) Manufacture for and purchase
' by the governments of the world for
: war and other purposes; and
! "(4) Changes in the demands for
i and the supply of goods and services.
"If prices are to be lowered, the
\ causes operating to boost prices must
bo attacked. The amount of money
! and checks in circulation must be ap
j preciably. reduced and the quantities of
necessary goods must be increased in
amount. The stocks of commodities
! manufactured on government account
must, so far as possible, be salvaged
and thrown upon the market. The ex?
traordinary demands for goods new
I and old must either be curtailed or
production of these goods expanded to
meet the needs.
Two Dollars for One
"The financing of the war has made
two dollars grow where but one dollar
grew before. This, coupled with the
tact that there has been an enormous
destruction Of economic goods and of
the farms, mines, forests and factories
supplying these goods, explains the
enormous and world-wide decrease in
t?e purchasing power (value) of money.
which causes increased prices.
"As long as the people have twice an
many dollars with which to buy a
Continued on paye titr?e
I
shock, which occurred at 9:45 o'clock
Saturday evening, lasted five minutes.
The second, at 10:25 p. m., was brief,
but of terrific intensity, and was ac?
companied by terrifying subterranean
noises. The third shock, at 11:01
0 clock, was not discernible except by
the siesmograph.
Panic in Capital
The panic in the capital among the
ignorant classes was indescribable.
Many of the- people fled from their
homes and flocked to the churches.
The Indians in the suburbs hurried to
the Shrine of the Virgin of Guadalupe,
From Toluca, Cuernavaca and Puebla
come similar stories of panic. Slight
damage was done to the poorly con?
structed homes of the poor people.
Panic reigned in various cities and
villages in the State of Vera Cruz,
where the people left their homes and
spent the night in the? streets.
The damage in Mexico City was lim?
ned to cracks in the larger buildings.
There were no deaths and none of the
inhabitants was injured. i
Due to Volcano, Belief
1 While the government observatory
has not decided what caused the shocks,
reports received from Cordova, State
of Vera Cruz, assert they were due to
the volcano Orizaba, although the
meager dispatches contain nothing re?
garding a possible eruption or of a
volcanic disturbance.
The two huge vol?anos near Mexico
City, Popocatepetl and Ixtaccihuatl,
have shown no signs of disturbance.
The shocks were felt heavily among
the towns along the ridge valley of
Mexico, while the capital, which is in
! the center of the valley* was not af
| fected severely. , v
Sims Quoted
By Daniels
In "Defense'
Navy Secretary in Second
\ Letter to Senator Page!
Says Admiral Urge d
a "Cross for Bagley" !
WASHINGTON. Jan. 4.?Secretary j
Daniels replied to-day to attacks on his
awards of navy decorations in a letter
to Chairman Page, of the Senate Naval ?
Committee, which, with the House
Naval Committee, probably will in?
vestigate the whole row precipitated
by the refusal of Rear Admiral Sims ;
and other officers to accept the decora-:
tions awarded to them.
The complaint of the officers was j
that in some instances Secretary Dan- !
iels had changed the recommendations
of the official board which sat on the
case?, bestowing higher decorations
than the officers thought merited in ,
some cases and lower ones in others.
Secretary Daniels explains at length
the theory on which he disagreed with
some of the awards.
Lawrence and Perry
Mr. Daniels refers to his first com?
munication to Chairman Page, in which
he set forth the principle that the
highest distinction should, be conferred
on officers and men who had come in j
contact with the enemy and had by !
courage and judgment under attack ex?
emplified the highest traditions of the
service and that the Distinguished Ser?
vice Medal should also be awarded only
to those officers on shore duty who in
the language of the act of Congress
had distinguished themselves "by ex?
ceptionally meritorious service to the
government in a duty of great re-i
sponsibility."
"In thus following the ac: of Con?
gress authorizing three dusses of
medals." wrote the Secretary, "honors
less than the Distinguished Service
Medal should be awarded to officers
whose shore duty war- meritorious bu".
not 'of great responsibility.'
"I do not think the American people
can be persuaded to accept the idea
that the Distinguished Service Medal .
should not be given to the captain of a
ship who bears himself courageously
in the supreme hour for which all other
hours in his naval career were but pre?
paratory, if his ship is lost by sub?
marine or mine attack. If this theory
had been accepted in former years,
Lawrence and Perry and other naval
heroes would have been denied some
of the early honors which their coun?
trymen gladly gave them.
?'It is, of course, the victory in bat
tie which gives highest glory, but med?
als of distinction are awarded for 'ex?
ceptionally meritorious service,' and
Lawrence was no less deserving of a
nation's gratitude when his ship was
lost to his country than was Perry,
who, leaving the sinking ship, won vic?
tory after transferring bis flag from
the Lawrence to the Niagara.
Captain Hasbrouck's Case
"Ten commanding officers of >hlps
toipedoed and sunk or put out of ac-?
tion were selected as worthy of rt-ceiv- I
ing the Distinguished Service Medal.
These awards, as I stated in my pre- j
vious letter, were made without excep?
tion to every commanding officer whose i
ship felt the blow of the enemy, except j
one, who was courtmartialed, and who,
though fully acquitted, has no recom?
mendation from any superior officer
for recognition of any character.
"Admiral-Wilson stated officially that ]
'the failui'c of Captain Hasbrouck to j
Continued on pagerthrce .
~s 1.
Rebel Chief
Calls Plot
| Story False
| *-!?
Cordova Avers Carranza
Has Gone to All Lengths
^o Obtain a Verdict
! Against Consular Agent
i
! Intrigue and Lying
Practiced, He Says
! Bandit, Seen in Capital,
Openly Defying Cap?
ture by His Enemies
By Wilbur Forrest
I (Copyrltht. 19-'(l. New York Tribune lnc ?
SAN ANTONIO, Jan. 4.?The
Mexican authorities supporting the
! prosecution of William O. Jenkins,
I American Consular Agent at Puebla,
?Mexico, have made advances to
Federico Cordova, the rebel chief -
?tain who kidnaped Jenkins and
held him for bail, offering Cordova
200,000 pesos ($100,000) if Cordova
would come in, accept immunity and
testify that Jenkins plotted with
him in the famous kidnaping.
This declaration came to me from
?Cordova himself in a personal inter?
view Jess than a week ago. I ar
j rived at 3an Antonio to-day, by
?way of Laredo, after forty days in
, the Mexican interior, studying con
iditions. Through good luck I was
?able to meet and talk for more than
I an hour .with the bandit chief, who
I diseased to what lengths the Puebla
j Criminal Court, backed by Governor
?Cabrera oP that state, and now also
! backed by the Carranza federal gov?
ernment, is going in its effort to
prove that Jenkins kidnaped himself
and was in collusion with Cordova's
rebel band.
Attacks Carranza
Cordova told me with clenched
fists and teeth bared in rage that he
hopes the Mexican government will
continue to persecute Jenkins be?
cause every day draws them into a
deeper controversy with the Ameri?
can government.
"I don't see that Jenkins will con?
tinue to suffer," the rebel chief said,
"but the further they go in the case
the more their bad faith and their
bad principles will be demon?
strated.*'
There are words in the Spanish
vocabulary so blasphemous and
awful that they will not bear trans?
lation into English, and these words
were used by Cordova when he
spoke of what he termed the in?
famous intriguing and lying now
being employed by both the Gover?
nor of Puebla and the Carranza
government itself to save their faces
and to try to show that they can
offer guarantees of safety to persons
or property, either foreign or Mexi?
can.
Seen in Mexico City
My interview with Cordova took
place in Mexico City, within ten min?
utes of the heart of th? business sec?
tion. After making a study of the
Jenkins case, it was clear to me that
the only method of clearing up certain
points was to :ree the rebel chie.'cair.
himseir.
With this end in view I traveled
from Mexico City to Puebla the dav
before Christmas, hoping to get it.
touch with the bandit at his camp i:i
the hills, almost within rifle shot of
?he second largest city of the republic
With a guide whom I could trust, I
left Puebla on a street car until I
arrived at ?< certain s]iot near the
Sierra Madre foothills. Here it wa
r.ecessary to purchase a mule, on which.
I made the rest of the trip up the
mountainsioe in less than an hour.
The trip to Cordova's camp was with?
out incident, and after our arrival we
discovered that the rebel chief wa
spending Christmas holidays in the
Mexican capital, defying the Car
ranziste troops who were trying to
catch him.
Doesn't Fear Capuce
I am pledged not to describe eitl *
the camp or the persona therein, but
I am privileged to suy that I com?
mented on the rebel leader's nerv.
defying the Carranza troops in the!
own stronghold. I learned that Cor?
dova possesses such utter conttmpt fo ?
his enemies that he goes where V>>
pleases, when he pleases, rides or. rail?
ways they say they are protecting, and
has no faith in their ability to catch
him.
Learning the address of Cordova'
rendezvous in the capital, I returned
and waited news at my hotel as to when
the interview could be held. The in?
terview was fixed by a competent in
terpreter, known to Cordova, for thr
night of December" 29. I was told to
go to the Edificio Mutua, or Mutual
Building, on the corner of the Callo

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