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-Vol. LXXIX No. 26,718
F/rsr to Last? the Truth
I Copyright, 1920,
Now York Tribune Inc.]
Mews ? Editorials Advertisements
JANUARY 10, 1920
Clondy and colder to-day; to-morrow
fair and slightly warmer; fresh
northwest winds becoming
Full Report on Pare 19
* * * *
?men nvra5lB Greater N*w York and I THREE TEXTS
1BO tEJiT8 I within commuting distance j Elsewhere
Martens Is
In Custody
Of Senators
Soviet Envoy Is Located
Through His Secretary;
Will Testify Monday at
I Sub-Committee Hearing
Gregory Weinstein
Also Subpoenaed
, -?'
>Silence Strike' at Island
Balks Investigation by
? the Federal Officials
/Veii' York- Tribune
I Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON', Jan. 0.?The
?ub-committee of the Foreign Rela?
tions Committee of the Senate re?
cently appointed to investigate
Sdss?mi propaganda and the ac?
tivities in this country of Luflwig
C. A. K. Martens to-day took charge
of the self-styled "ambassador" from
the Russian Soviet government.
Martens and Santeri Nuorteva,
his secretary, were subpoenaed by
fte sub-committee and were placed
imder the charge of the Sergeant-at
Arms of the Senate David Barry. A
ir?bpcena also was issued for Gregory
'Weinstein, who was arrested in New j
^ork last week and is now being i
held in that city.
m Senator Moses, of New Hamp- j
shire, chairman of the investigating j
committee, said the subpoenas were |
issued in order to head off any effort ?
the Department of Justice might j
make to secure possession of the j
three alleged radicals before they ',
could appear before the committee.
Will Appear Monday
The Department of Justice agents j
feave been searching Washington for!
Martens during the last few days, but \
without success. Nuorteva, in a letter ?
to Attorney General Pahrer on Wed- '
pesday, told Mr. Palmer that he would \
produce Martens, who he said is in j
riding in Washington, after he had i
tjPea permitted to testify before the !
*enate committee.
' Martens was found by the Senate I
.officers through NuorteV#a*"He will re- !
sain in hiding until next Monday:
morning, when the committee will meet .
gp hear his testimony and that of his !
sociates in the Soviet Bureau at !
? p\v York.
The three men are expected by the
embers of the investigating commit-i
a to give important information at j
??e hearing regarding the activities of
-her Russian propagandists in the I
ruted States and regarding the rela?
ys between Boris Bakhmetieff, Rus
?j an Ambassador to the United States
airing the Kerensky r?gime, and the
? nited States government.
*->?*?*>-- -
Five hunCfWd and five aliens taken
? in recent raids by Federal agents and
aid at Ellis Island as liable to depor
ition became so reticent yesterday
itat the '"oari of inquiry appointed
?? pass on their cases found itself
-iplefs to proceed.
After about a dozen men had de?
clared that they would refuse to an?
swer questions unless advised by coun?
sel. Bryon H. Uhl, Acting Commissioner
bf Immigration, asserted he believed
all the aliens had entered into an
?agreement to remain silent.
Court Will Decide
'The question as to what will be done
p'ith the agitators suddenly bocom"
?nute probably will be decided in the j
courts to-day, Mr. Uhl said. It is ex- |
pected that attorneys for Gregory
Weinstein, a colleague of Ludwig C. I
A. K. Martens, of the Russian Soviet |
R'ireau, win take him into court on ;
a habeas corpus? writ.
Weinstein set the pace for the "si- |
lence strike," according to immigra?
tion officials, and his hearing on the j
tabeas corpus writ is expected to set- ?
fl? whether he can be made to answer i
Another obstacle, however, may pre- '
T*nt this procedure. Isaac Hourwich,
*ho is in charge of the Soviet Bureau,
at 110 WeHt Fortieth Street, in the
absence of other officiais, announced
yesterday that a subpoena for Mr.
Vftastein'g appearance before the
tanate Committee on Foreign Rela?
tions had been issued ?-nd that Mr.
Weinstein probably will be taken to
Mr. Hourwich declared that Mr.
Wartens and Santeri Nuorteva, secre
?W of the bureau, far from being in
P?fe were in Washington and had
***n served with subpoenas. The Sen
?te committee is investigating Bolshe?
vik propaganda.
Mr. Uhl said yesterday that he had
^?'ved no information about a sub
Noa for Mr. Weinstein, but that the
*U*r would be permitted to go to
"?aahington if he was wanted there.
HVI Cernin;' tne "silence Htrike" Mr
-T?l said: "Undoubtedly the aliens
**v? ?ntered into an understanding
(?ong themselves not to answer ques
tons unie?? they are represented by
un11**!' A few of th?m are willin? t?
3?! ?h're they were born and their
**?. but generally it was found that
'?icence had spread like a contagion."
Never in Hiding
Mart';/,- and Nuorteva n?v*r have
"Th" '? hi<15nfir" ???'1 Mr Hourwich.
.ln*7 had remained quietly in Wash
^K*n await.r,g to go before the Sen
**. CMBttitte?. if any warrant? for
?**'r /**??< had bean Israed and not
?,, 7 Jt v/a? not th<-ir fault. It. was
d*Ji"iv'? **P**UA that they were to
?'v*r th*ms*lves up on hearing ru
*%V *l th?r were wanted.
W??v"r Wn<>,,! purpose in being in
"????ton is to aid the American
5i?t ?v? lr,*Ar 'Jnderstanding of just
*??V. Beriet government is and to
J^?t?ra<t the fa??. ?tories which have
"?? circulated by the Ruasiar, counter
tJ\A-ir of. lh,; *If';T>? ?*k?n rn the
tanL :'an'J8ry 2 obtained habeas
?"i\r)t* ve?t--May from Federal
St?*?}* Ma* Gendelin, Morrl?
? "J-rma/iO and Devld Orlick. Th<
*t** Vi?tr?t9rn*hi* "' '*'?>?'?. ''?'?? ?W?
- <?* i ??hmitted.
?to?? TnyJM,tj ?ttorney for mo?t ?r
22?J??]W or. tlU? Island, ye*t,rday
Continued on pa#t f<mr
Gallon of Whisky
If You Go Get It
Kentucky Distillers9 Asso?
ciation Offers to Give
its Entire Stock Away
Special Correspondence
LOUISVILLE, Jan. 9.?Kentucky hos?
pitality is revealed in the statement to?
night by Owsley Brown, representing
the Kentucky Distillers' Association,
that a gallon of her finest whisky will
be given to every person in the United
States who will take "the trouble to
come and get it," if the government
will permit its withdrawal for this pur?
;,?}}'* are n?t joking," said Mr. Brown.
"This whisky is a liability on our hands,
not an asset. It's a white elephant.
"The insurance companies are can?
celing our insurance, and if anybody
steals whisky from bonded warehouses
we have to pay the taxes as well as
lose the property. So to avoid this
danger, which is worse than a danger
because some already has been stolen,
we want to give it away." .
Astors to Sell
Tracts Valued
At $6,000,000
Times Square Holdings of
Forgotten Heir, Cut Off
for Marrying Daughter of
Farmer, to Go at Auction
The extensive holdings of the late
Henry Astor, forgotten grandson of the
founder of the Astor fortune, virtually
ostracized because he married a farm?
er's daughter, are to be sold at public
auction early in March. Compris?
ing 157 parcels, among which are
three theaters?the Astor, Bijou and
the Morosco on Broadway and Forty
fifth Street?sixty private three and
four story dwellings, thirty-six tene?
ment houses, thirty-three parcels of
land under lease on which there are
tenements and dwellings; seven fac?
tories and a number of lots, all in the
Times Square section and adjacent
neighborhoods to the west, the auction
sale will be the largest and most in?
teresting from many standpoints that
has ever been held in this city. These
properties are valued at $6,000,000.
The decision of the trustees of the
estate of Henry Astor, reached last
year, to dispose of his realty interests
precipitated the action of Vincent
Astor and his cousin, Captain John
Jacob Astor, in disposing of valuable
properties in the Wall Street district
and on Broadway.
The decision represented the first
break in a family custom nearly as old
as the nation. The bringing of a friendly
suit asking for the partition of the
property of Uncle Henry, as he was
known to the present. Astor family,
was regarded by real estate men at
first as a formality prescribed by a
condition of the trustee agreement
that the realty would pass to the
heir*. This opinion has since changed
because of the action of Vincent Astor
in selling his holdings. The opinion
is now that when J. Clarence Davies
and Joseph P. Day undertake the liqui?
dation of the property in the Vesey
Street auction room next March all of
the properties will go to buyers other
than Astors.
The realty of Henry Astor covers
what was once the Eden farm, a fertile
and valuable property which extended
from Broadway and Forty-second Street
in a northwesterly direction to the
Hudson River.
John Jacob Astor, grandfather of
Henry Astor, got it for ?525,000 in 1797
from Medref Eden, an Englishman, who
had inherited the property. Mr. Astor
had bought an interest in it from Eden,
which he later foreclosed.
Heirs of Eden living in Englard came
to New York and appealed to the courts,
and for twenty years the case went un?
settled. Mr. Astor finally bought oft*
the heirs for "?9,000. The faim prop?
erty is conservatively valued at $40,
Henry Astor, who was the favorite
of his grandfather, was g?ven the
greater part of this farm while .still a
child. His father, William B. Astor.
cut him off in 1H71 when he manied
Malverina Dinehart, daughter of a
gardener on his father's estate at
Annandale, near Rhinebcck, N. Y. The
marriage is understood to -have cost
him about $25,000,000, because he was
the favorite of his father until he
married the farmer girl. He estab?
lished himself and hi? wife on a farm
at Copake, in the hills of Columbia
County, buck of Hudson and overlook?
ing the Hudson River.
Mr. Astor lived there unknown to so?
ciety until he died, in 1918, when it was
announced that he was a member of
the widely known New York family.
His friends in Columbia County were
not aware of the connection. He died
leaving a will which provided for his
wife during her life, and turned back
to the Astors the property which had
been set aside for him by his grand?
father, John -Jacob Astor 1st.
The trusteeship established in 18C9,
two years before his marriage, placed
his holdings in the hands of two of his
three brothers, and another provided a
quarterly return to him. For forty
nine years a check arrived every three
months. Mr. Astor placed them in his
desk and left them there. His failure
to deposit the checks caused the trust
company considerable trouble, since it
was not sure when he would bring
them out and demand his money.
The proceeds from the sale of the
157 parcels in the estate will be di?
vided among his relatives. Vincent
Astor and his sister Muriel will share
in the money obtained from the sale.
Insurance Cover? All
Schenectady Firemen
Blanket Life Policy Includes
Kntire Department; Premiums
Deducted From Pay Checks
Special Correnpondencr
SCHENBCTADY, N. Y., Jan. 9.?The
life of every fireman in the Schenectady
department to-day is Insured or $1.000.
i The insurance went into effect, this
morning under a syntem worked out by
Chief Henry R. Yates, and approved by
Commissioner of Public Safety John E.
! Cole. A similar plan is under consider?
ation for the police department and will
\ be ?ubmfttd to the members of the
! force soon.
Schenectady proclaim? itself to-day
i un the only City in the world with a fir?
fighting force completely protected by a
,:'.,,,i- it pi li< y i1"' "?'?" tirc" pay'"?
for 'heir own Insurance. Arrangements
have been made with thcrcity comptrol?
ler whereby be will deduct the premium
payment? from the pay check? of the
i One hundred of the $1,000 policies j
are in force and every man cnterttng
I the department will be protected. I
Hughes Urges
Reseating of
5 Socialists
Tells Sweet in Letter That
Suspensions by Assembly
Violate the Principles of
Democratic Government
Encourages Reds, He Says
Republican State Committee
to Discuss the Question
at Its Meeting To-day
Charles E. Hughes wrote yesterday
to Thaddeus C. Sweet, Speaker of the
Assembly, condemning the action of
that body in suspending the five So?
cialist members. He said that he re?
garded it as ah act "opposed to the
fundamental principles of our govern?
It was, moreover, the most serious
mistake that could be made at this
timo to attempt to deprive Socialists
and radicals of their opportunities for
open discussion.
Party Clash Foreseen
In othar quarters there was evidence
that the action of the Assembly would
cause a clash to-day at the meeting of
the Republican State Committee at the
National Republican Club. Samuel S.
Koenig, county chairman, is said to be
incensed that Speaker Sweet did not
consult with State Chairman Glynn,
Jacob A. Livingston, Brooklyn leader;
Mr. Koenig. or other party leaders be?
fore taking drastic action.
Mr. Hughes's letter follows:
"I deeply regret the action of the
Assembly in suspending five members
of the Socialist party who have been
duly elected. I think that you will
agree that the high prerogative of
the Assembly to pass upon the quali?
fications of its own members should
be exercised in accordance with the
spirit of our institutions.
"It is not, as I view it, in accord
with the spirit of our institutions,
but, on the contrary, it is absolutely
opposed to the fundamental prin?
ciples of our government, for a ma?
jority to undertake to deny repre?
sentation to a minority through its
representatives elected by ballots
lawfully cast.
Indictment of Party
"If there was anything against
these men as individuals, if they
were deemed guilty of criminal of?
fenses, they should have been
charged accordingly. But I under?
stand that the action is not directed
against these five elected members
as individuals but that the pro?
ceeding is virtually an attempt to
indict a political party and to deny
it representation in the Legislature'.
That is not, in my judgment, Amer?
ican government.
"Are Socialists, unconvicted of
crime, to be denied the ballot? If
Socialists are permitted to vote, are
they not permitted to vote for their
own candidates? If their candidates
are elected and are men against
whom, as individuals, charges of
disqualifying offenses cannot be laid,
are they not entitled to their seats?
"What, may I ask, is it supposed
these Socialists will do in the Legis?
lature? As members, they may intro?
duce bills, they mny oppose bills,
they may debate bills. In all mat?
ters they are subject to the rules of
the Assembly. Why should these
privileges be denied to representa?
tives of the Socialist party?
"Is it not clear that the govern?
ment cannot be saved at the cost of
its own principles? If the Socialists
were denied recourse through their
duly elected representatives to the
orderly process of government, what
resort is there left to them ? Is it
proposed to drive the Socialists to
revolution by denying them partici?
pation in the means we have provided
for orderly discussion of proposed
changes in our laws?
Issue Very Clear
"I understand that it is said that
the Socialists constitute a combina?
tion to overthrow the government.
The answer is plain. If public offi?
cers or private citizens have any evi?
dence that any individuals, or group
of individuals, are plotting revolu?
tion and seeking by violent measures
to change our government, let the
evidence be laid before the proper
authorities and swift action be taken
for the protection of the community.
"Let every resource of inquiry, of
pursuit, of prosecution, be employed
to ferret out and punish the guilty
according to our laws. But 1 count
it a most serious mistake to proceed,
not against individuals charged with
violation of law, but against masses
of our citizens combined for political
action, by denying them the only re?
source of peaceful government, that
is action by the ballot box and
through duly elected representatives
in legislative bodies.
"The issue to my mind is very
clear. I speak as one utterly opposed
to Socialism and in entire sympathy
with every effort to put down vio?
lence and crime. But it is because
I am solicitous to maintain the peace?
ful processes essential to democracy
that I am anxious to see Socialists
as well as Republicans and Demo?
crats enjoy their political rights.
Virtual Disfranchisement
"Nothing in my judgment is a more
serious mistake at this critical time
than to deprive Socialists or Radi?
cals of their opportunities for peace?
ful discussion and thus to convince
them that the 'Reds' are right and
that violence and revolution are the
only available means at their com?
"1 appreciate deeply your high
sense of responsibility and your anx?
iety faithfully to serve the people of
the state. I am constrained to write
in this way because of the serious?
ness of the issue. 1 sincerely hop*
that the Assembly will take swift ac
tion to avoid a permanent grievance
on the part of those who are threat?
ened with virtual disfranchisement.
"I have sufficient confidence in oui
institutions to believe that they wil
survive all the onslaughts of discus
sion and political controversy. Bu
democracy cunnot be preserved i
representation is denied. Apart frori
the matter of principle, the proccd
ure is futile.
"To ?hut out the-duly elected rep
reeentative? of the Socialists i
merely to multiply Socialists by tlv
thousand. Instead of protecting u
from revolution, it will do morn t
encourage the spirit of revolution
and to ?trengthen the advocates o
Continued on page four
Steel Strikers Lost
$48,005,060 in Pay
Total Cost in the Pitts?
burgh District Is Figur
edat $348,157,210.35
Special Correspondenc?
PITTSBURGH, Jan. 9.?The steel
strike cost the Pittsburgh district
$348,157,210.35. The loss to workers
in wages amounts to $48,005,060. The
steel tonnage loss figured in dollars is
not expected to exceed $300,000,000, as
the mills were worked part time in
many places with new help. The prop?
erty loss ?3 placed at $152,150.
The district in which wages losses
to the strikers were heiviest and the
amounts they lost were: Wheeling
$6,100,000; Donora, $1,200,000; Steu
benville, Ohio, $2,260,000; Youngstown,
$15,500,000; Monessen, $2,660,000;
Sharon and Farrell, $1,250,000; Johns?
town, $5,712,000; Butler, $1,450,000;
Pittsburgh, $5,715,000.
Dual Ceremony
To Mark Peace
With Germany
Preparations Hastened by
Clemenceau So Nitti and
? Lloyd George Might
Sign Papers in Person
PARIS, Jan. 9 (By The Associated
Press).?To-morrow's ceremony, which
definitely reestablishes a state of peace
between the Allies and Germany, put?
ting an end to the armistice, will be
divided into two parts. The repre?
sentatives of the five powers will meet
first in the office of the Minister of
Foreign Affairs. Baron Kurt von Lers
ner, head of the German peace delega?
tion, and Herr von Simson will be in?
vited to sign in Germany's name the
protocol of November 1. They will
receive from the hands of Premier
Clemenceau a letter binding the Allies
to reduce the amount of material de?
manded for the destruction of German
war vessels at Scapa Flow.
Thirteen Powers to Appear
The second part of the ceremony will
follow immediately in the clock hall.
The^thirteen powers which have ratified
the Treaty of Versailles will be repre?
sented here by one delegate each. Min?
utes will be drawn up on the following
matters: Signing of the Versailles
treaty, signing of the protocol attached
to the treaty and signing of the agree?
ment by the United States, Belgium,
Great Britain, France and Germany rel?
ative to occupation of the Rhine. After
the signature of these documents is
completed they will be handed to the
French officials for deposit in the ar?
chives. The records will be printed on
large sheets of'quarto parchment paper
and the seals of each plenipotentiary
will be affixed with the signatures.
The ratification exchange ceremony
will be followed by the immediate re?
sumption of diplomatic relations be?
tween the Allies and Germany. It is
considered possible that Baron von
Lersner will be designated charge d'af
fairs for Germany in Taris. On Sun?
day the French charge d'affairs, M. de
Marcilly, will leave for Berlin.
Prisoners to Be Repatriated
Another immediate result of the rati?
fication will be the repatriation of Ger?
man prisoners of war.
In order to make it possible for the
ceremony to take place to-morrow, a
technical commission presided over by
General Lerond and attended by Herr
von Simson, worked throughout last
It was at Premier Clemenceau's re?
quest that the work was hurried to
get the documents ready for Saturday
instead of for Monday o?r later. The
French Premier desired that David
Lloyd George, the British Premier,!
sign for Great Britain, and Premier
Nitti sign for Italy before their de?
parture, rather than have lesser mem?
bers of the delegations affix their i
signatures. Premier Clemenceau also
wished to have the ratification finished
this week so as to devote all of next)
week to preparation for the Versailles
election next Sunday.
In preparation for the Allied de?
mand for the delivery of Germans;
charged with war guilt, the Allied j
Commission dealing with that subject i
met this afternoon.
- ROME, Jan. 8.?Premier Nitti should |
not exceed certain limits in making;
concessions in reaching a compromise!
on the Fiume situation, says the "Gior-I
nale d'ltalia," in discussing the Pre- ]
mier's vi:?t to London and Paris. In ?
defending Italian interests in the ?
Adriatic, the newspaper says: "He;
must not prejudice Italian interests in
the Mediterranean, since Italian expan- j
sion is a necessity to economic expan- i
Turning to the Turkish question, the !
"Giornale" says:
"The Turkish people must have the |
right to exist and develop, and the i
Christian powers must not exploit and
oppress them. Turkey must not be- j
come the booty of the great powers \
which have the audacity to accuse I
Italy of imperialistic tendencies.
"In the question of the future status |
of Constantinople, Italy is greatly in- j
terested. The Straits of the Darda- ?
nell?s must not be a monopoly of any
great power, nor an instrument of j
blackmail in the hands of a Turkey
which we cannot trust."
Mrs. Stokes Gets Her
Children Temporarily
Special Correspondence
DENVER, Jan. 0. Judge Lindsey
gave the temporary custody of her
children to Mrs. Helen Ellwood Stokes,
wife of W. E. D. Stokes, of New York.
at. a hearing to-day in the Juvenile
Court here. The permanent award
would be made by February 1. he said.
"If this court should award the cus?
tody of my children even part ef the
time to Mr. Stokes," said Mrs. Stoke.s at,
the hearing, "it would mean a tragedy
that would have to be thrashed out in
the criminal courts."
"Do you mean," asked Judge Lindsey,
"that you would refuse to obey an or?
der of this court?"
"I can only say," replied Mrs. Stokes,
"that I would be sorry to go against
an order of this court, but I would
rather see my children dead than have
to look them in the face later in life
and hear them tell me that I had sent
them into the home of a man like Mr.
Mrs. Stokes denied the allegations
mude against her by her husband In
hin suit for divorce. Heretofore, she
said, their disputes on the subject of
hi? waywardness had been "patched
up" largely because ?he did not believe
in divorce.
Three Armies
Of 60,000 Men
Moscow Also Reports Occu?
pation of Novocherkassk
After Sanguinary Battle
With Anti-Lenine Forces
Denikine Wing Smashed
Control of Caspian Area
Threatens Cossacks With
New Attack From Rear
LONDON, Jan. 9.?-The town of Kras?
noyarsk, Eastern Siberia, has been cap?
tured by the Bolsheviki, according to
la wireless dispatch received here this
evening from Moscow.
"The remnants of the First, Second
and Third enemy armies have surren?
dered, and 60,000 prisoners already
have been counted," says the dispatch.
[Krasnoyarsk is situated on the
Trans-Siberian Railway, about 300
miles east of Tomsk. Lying on the
plain, and open to the play of the bit?
ter winds, traffic with the town
by caravans is almost impossible in
the winter. The town is situated on
the left bank of the Yenisei River.]
Another communication from Mos?
cow says the booty captured by the
"Reds" on the southern front in Rus?
sia in the present offensive included 400
guns, 1,000 machine guns, 11,000 rifles,
18 armored trains, 200 locomotives,
10,000 wagons and large stores of food
and munitions and 35,000 prisoners.
City Taken in Battle
The City of Novocherkassk has been
captured by the Bolsheviki, it is also
asserted in a wireless message from
Moscow. The city was taken on
January 7, after a battle of the most
severe character with General Detu
kine's troops.
Novocherkassk is twenty miles north
cast, of Rostov, the principal seaport of
the Dpn Cossack region, and is an im?
portant city in the midst of a coal re?
gion. (Moscow dispatches on Thursday
declared the Bolsheviki were continu
I ing their irresistible march against
?Denikine, and that the fall of both
; Novocherkassk and Rostov-on-the-Don
i was expected shortly.)
The capture of Novocherkassk would
| mean the further rolling back of Gen
I eral Denikine s right wing, following
jthe reported disastrous breach made in
the center of his armies on the Sea of
Azov. This part of the Denikine forces
is composed of Don Cossacks and the
army of the Caucasus.
If the Bolsheviki operating against
Krasnovodsk, on the eastern shore of
the Caspian Sea, should continue their
successes, gaining control of the Cas
1 pian and occupying the Baku west
coast, as they plan, they would be able
to attack the Don Cossacks and the
army of the Caucasus also from the
rear, thus making the situation of Gen?
eral Denikine's right wing even more
Bokhara Is Entered
Bokhara, capital of the important
khanate of Bokhara, in Central Asia,
and le^s than 200 miles from the Af?
ghanistan frontier, has been entered by
Bolshevik forces, according to War
Office reports.
A dispatch from the Lettish General
Staff states that when the Letts and
Poles captured Dvinsk early in the
present week they found the popula?
tion starving. Typhus is raging
throughout the city.
PARIS, Jan. 9.- The whole of the
K?me nets-Podolsk-Prosku rov-Starokon
stantinov railway line is now in the
hands of the Poles, according to ad?
vices from Warsaw. The advices de?
clare the Polish high command intends
to proceed with the occupation of all
the region evacuated by General Deni?
kine and not yet invaded by the Bol?
STOCKHOLM, Jan. 9.?Esthonia has
acceded to the request of General Yu
denitch for the transfer of the latter's
army to the southern Russian front,
where it will reinforce General Deni?
kine, according, to a Helsingfors dis?
patch to the "Tidningen." It is said
Esthonia will assist in the transporta?
tion of the troops by water.
Diplomats Quit Irkutsk;
Japanese Seize Railway
WASHINGTON, Jan. 9.?Advices to
the State Department to-day from Si-j
beria and European Russia asserted j
that the foreign representatives had
quit Irkutsk, that the Japanese had j
taken control of the Baikal railway;
tunnels, that the Bolsheviki were vir?
tually unopposed at Taiga and were ad?
vancing in South Russia, that hostili?
ties between Esthonia and the Soviet
had ceased and that the Polish troops
were making inroads in territory for?
merly controlled by Denekine's forces.
The advices said that while no dcfi-i
nite news had been received as to the
location of Admiral Kolchak's head?
quarters, he had not yet reached Ir?
kutsk, where the Czech forces have
taken over the railroad station.
U. S. Withdrawal From
Siberia Officially Denied
TOKIO, Jan. 9.?A dispatch from
Vladivostok received here to-day states
that the American government has de?
cided to withdraw all its troops from
WASHINGTON, Jan. 9. -The Ameri-j
can government has reached no deci- ;
sion to withdraw its troops from Si- j
beria, it was said to-day officially.
There has been no change in the policy :
to retain the force in that country
until the Czecho-Slovak soldiers have
been repatriated and the American
Railway Commission withdrawn.
Bulgarian Revolt Grows
Peasants and Workingmen Join
Movement, Swiss Hear
GENEVA, Jan. 9. The revolutionary
movement in Bulgaria is spreading
among peasants and workingmen. ac?
cording to Belgrade advices received
here. Another important railroad
bridge has been blown up by strikers,
it is alleged.
King Boris and the royal family are
said to be secluded in the palace,
which is under a heavy guard.
PARIS. Jan- 9 The French Foreign
Office, which is in constant touch with
the Balkan situation, has not a? yet
leceived confirmation of alarming re?
ports relative to the spread of a revo
I lutionary moyement In that country.
- . ? % - _._J
Democrats to Seek Action
On Treaty Despite Wilson;
Party Confused by Split
Leaders Admit Force of
Bryan's Argument, but
Face Impossibility of
Break With President
Worry Expressed
Over Irish Vote
Missouri, Oklahoma and
Colorado Likely to Go
Republican, They Fear
By Carter Field
New York Tribun?
Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, Jan. 9.?The Btyan
Wilson split over the use of the peace
treaty as an issue in the Presidential
campaign left the Democrats to-day
muddled, blue and discouraged. The
i blueness may have been greater be
j cause most of them sat up for the
Jackson Day speeches until 3 o'clock
this morning, but apparently it was
j based on the political outlook.
In a nutshell, the Democrats gen?
erally believe that Bryan is right in
holding the party could not afford to
delay ratification of the peace treaty
i for fourteen months, "on a speculator's
I chance," as Mr. Bryan said early this
j morning, that the Democrats would win
; a two-thirds majority of the Senate so
they could ratify the treaty without
reservations. Most of the Democrats
j also believe Bryan is right in his flat
; statement that the party cannot go to
| the country defending a refusal to
? adopt a reservation to Article X.
Fear of President Controls
But while they believe Mr. Bryan is
right on these two points, they do not
dare follow him. To do so would be a
I repudiation of the President, and there
are not a dozen prominent Democrats
out of the 1,400 who sat down at the
j double-barreled Jackson Day dinner
? who are willing to do that publicly.
It was significant of the grip Preai
; dent Wilson still retains on his party
! that, late yesterday afternoon, when
i the advance copy of Bryan's speech
; reached Democratic headquarters, with
: the advance copy of the President's let
1 ter, while tremendous pressure was im?
mediately brought on Mr. Bryan tc
modify his speech so as not to be so ap?
parently in conflict with the President,
not the slightest effort was made to
have the President change his letter.
Yet most of the Democrats admitted
privately that Bryan had taken the
more logical position on the peace
treaty. Ex-Attorney General Gregory
was one of those who pleaded with
Bryan to modify his remarks. But
Bryan was obdurate.
Majority Held Impossible
Every practical politician knows that
it is virtually impossible for the Dem?
ocrats, in the next election, to obtain a
two-thirds majority of the Senate. Of
the thirty-two vacancies in the Senate
which are to be filled at the election
this fall, seventeen now are held by
Democrats and fifteen by Republicans,
so that if the Democrats should sweep
every state in the Union they still
would have only sixty-two votes in the
Senate, two short of sufficient to ratify
a treaty if the Republicans voted sol?
idly against it. Only one Republican
Senator?McCumber, of North Dakota
?is for the treaty without reserva?
tions, whereas there is a considerable
group of Democratic Senators that is
not for the treaty unless there are res?
ervations, while Senator Reed, one of
the possible sixty-two, is flat-footed
against the whole treaty.
One rather small group 4of Demo?
crats is satisfied with the situation.
This group takes the position that for
various reasons the Democratic party
up until last night apparently did not
have a chance on earth to win the
election. Now, they assert, there will
be the appeal to the women voters on
the treaty, just as the appeal was
m?de four years ago -on "he kept us
out of war."
Bryan's Speech a Wet Blanket
Mr. Bryan himself is partly respon?
sible for the placid acceptance of the
treaty as the issue by most Democrats
outside of the Senate here to-day.
There had been much enthusiasm be?
fore he spoke over the record of the
achievements of the party and over
the abuse of the Republicans. The
Democratic diners were feeling rather
pleased with their party and their
party's chances as the speeches pro?
gressed until Bryan came and made a
Belshazzar's feast of the dinner. He
recalled to the Democrats that the
accomplishments they were boasting
about were written on the books in
the first Wilron Administration, and
yet had it not been for the women
voters they would have been swept
out of power in the Presidential elec?
tion of 1916. They also were accom?
plished, of course, in 1918, he sug?
gested, and the party had made its
war record, yet the people had swept
the Republicans into control of the
House and Senate and rolled up a ma?
jority of a million votes, taking the
entire country together, against the
There was a sudden panicky realiza?
tion that Bryan was right on at least
one thing, and that was the Democratic
party needed an issue looking to the
future as well as the boasting of ac?
complishments. But the Democrats
seem overwhelmingly against a govern?
ment ownership of railroads plank and
there seems to be a majority against
most of his other new proposals.
So the net effect of Mr. Bryan's
speech was to make the Democrats the
more willing to accept the President's
ukase that the treaty should be the
issue in the campaign.
There was some little talk here to?
day, among those hoping to avoid it,
of the possibility of a speedy refer?
endum on the treaty, so the people
could vote on it without taking it into
the campaign. It was suggested, how?
ever, that there is no Federal ma?
chinery for such a referendum; that it
could be had only by the individual
states holding it and that it would not
be-binding on the Senate if held. This
view was advanced some months ago
by Senator Knox, of Pennsylvania,
when a referendum was first proposed,
Continued on next page
Treaty as Issue
Opposed by Taft
PORTLAND, Me., Jan. 9.?
Procrastination in the settlement
of the Senate controversy over
the ratification of the peace treaty
by the adoption of President Wil?
son's idea of making the treaty
the issue of a campaign was op?
posed by William Howard Taft
to-day in remarks at a dinner of
the Portland Rotary Club.
If the treaty became a cam?
paign issue it would be fourteen
months, Mr. Taft said, before
anything like a settlement could
be reached.
He argued against the accept?
ance of the leadership of extrem?
ists at either end of the line of
controversy and said it was es
': sential that world peace be se
I cured promptly and on the best
possible terms through compro
II mise.
Wilson, Unaided, Walks
In WhiteJHouse Gardens
President, After Reading Pa?
pers, Expresses No Surprise at
Bryan's Opposition, Is Report
New York Tribune
Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, Jan 9.?President
Wilson walked about the White House
grounds to-day unattended and with?
out the aid of a cane, it was officially
announced. This was the first time since
the President became ill, October 1,
that he has ventured to walk outdoors,
the fear heretofore being that he might
catch cold and suffer a relapse.
Accompanied by Mrs. Wilson, but
not aided by her, the President strolled
along the paths of the White House
gardens south of the Executive; Man?
sion for several minutes, retiring to
I his wheel chair when he noticed the
(exercise becoming tiresome. He wore
his great fur coat, heavy gloves and
I rubbers. He only occasionally resorted
! to his cane to support himself.
The President, it was said at the
White House, was particularly eager
to-day to have the newspapers, and it
is understood that he read fully the
comments in the press on the Jackson
Day dinner of last night. While no
comment was available on the Presi?
dent's reception of the opposition of
W. J. Bryan on the treaty, it was
hinted that Mr. Wilson was not sur?
prised at Mr. Bryan's attitude.
! German Play Called O?
After Police Conference
Advised Against Performance,
Says inspector; Star 111, De?
clares Management
A performance of "Old Heidelberg"
in German, which was to have been
given last night at Central Opera
House, Sixty-seventh Street and Third
Avenue, was called off after Hans Han- !
sen, the manager, had conferred with j
Inspector Thomas Underhill, of the 31st
Police Precinct.
About 700 persons, most of them
German-speaking, expressed disap?
pointment when, they found the opera
house dark. The erplanation wa? given
at the door that Hans Unterkirchner,
the star in the p'ay, had become ill.
Inspector Underfill' said the Ameri?
can Legion had protested against giv?
ing the performance and had sent let?
ters to all the school teachqrs in the
neighborhood asking them not to per?
mit their pupils to attend.
"We thought it best to advise that
no German play be given at this time,"
he said.
Daisy Ashford a Bride
Author of "The Young Visiters"
Married to War Worker
LONDON, Jan. 9. -Miss Daisy Ash?
ford, author of "The Young Visi
ters," a book written during her child?
hood which has attracted much atten?
tion during the last few months, was j
married at Chelsea yesterday to James
Devlin, with whom she was associated
in national work during the war.
Daisy Ashford came into prominence
in Great Britain and this country upon
the publication last, spring of "The
Young Visiters," a novel written by ;
her when she was nine years old. The i
novel, which was presented with an in- j
troduction by Sir James M. Barrie, was
thought to be the work of Barrie by
many well known critics and the lit- (
erary controversy of the year raged I
around its authorship. The Barrie ;
theory was exploded by the appearance !
of Miss Ashford herself, now a woman I
in her thirties, in. a public reading of]
"The Young Visite'rs" in London.
Austria Seizes Billions
Confiscated Private Fortunes to
Yield State $2,44)0,000,000
VIENNA, Jan. 9.?It is expected by !
the Austrian government that 12,000,- i
000,000 crowns (nominally $2,400,000.- j
000) will be realized from the partial
confiscation of private fortunes. This ?
amount will be used in payment for '
fcod and raw materials purchased in ;
foreign countries.
Dr. Reusch, Minister of Finance, mak?
ing a report on the financial situation to
the National Assembly to-day. said he :
hoped soon to obtain a loan of 30.000,- \
000 crowns ($6.000.000) from Holland.;
This will also be used to buy food.
Influenza Sweeping Japan
TOKIO, Jan 9 (By The Associated ?
Press).?Influenza is spreading through- |
out Japan. There are 1,000,000 cases ;
reported. Of those ?tricken 12,000 are
soldiers. /
Public Approval of Bryan
Program Depended On
to Justify Policy of
Reservation Senators
One Faction Ready
To Take Lodge Plan
Administration Element
Clings to "Interpreta?
tive" Treaty Changes
i New York Tribune
Washington Burea?
WASHINGTON, Jan. 9.?Demo?
cratic .Senators who have been work?
ing for a compromise with the
Republicans on reservations that
would secure ratification of the
treaty by the Senate said to-day
that they will continue their efforts
to bring about an agreement, even
on the basis of the Lodge- reserva?
tions, notwithstanding President
Wilson's declaration to the Demo?
cratic leaders last night.
The Republican "mild reservation
ists'.' declared the Democrats dis?
cussed a compromise with them to?
day much more seriously than ever
before, and these Republican Sena?
tors said they are still hopeful that
a compromise will be reached.
The task of working out a com?
promise has been made much more
difficult, Republicans and Democrats
alike agreed. The President's state?
ment in his letter that the treaty
must be carried to the people for
final decision, and Bryan's declara?
tion that the Democrats must accept
whatever compromise can be worked
out to secure immediate ratification,
split the Senate into many camps.
Factions Widely Apart
Statements made by Senators rep?
resenting all shades of compromise
thought show that the two extremes
of the eighty Senators who favor
ratification in some form are further
apart to-day than they were before
the Jackson Day dinner.
Senator Lodge declined to add to hli
statement of last night, in which he
said the President's utterances vir?
tually killed all hope of a compromise.
Other Republican Senators, however,
declared the President's letter has
stiffened the Republicans in their
stand and that they are less inclined
to make concessions on the Lodge res?
ervations than they were before. ?
Some Administration Senators who
have been talking cmipromise on the
basis of the Lodge reservations to?
day declared they cannot accept any?
thing stronger than the "interpretative'
reservations the President said hi
would accept. Senator Hitchcock, Ad?
ministration leader, said he believed
the President meant the general in?
terpretations of the treaty clauses pro?
posed by the Democratic Senators be?
fore the Lodge reservations wer?
adopted. The declaration of Bryan
on the other hand, was heartily com
mended by the Democratic Senators
who actually have been negotiating
with the Republicans for an agreo
Compromise To Be Pushed
Senators McKellar, Kendrick, Tram
mell, Myers and others who propose?
the compromise reservations to *h
"mild reservationists" on the Repub
lican side early in the week, said to
day they will continue to work for i
compromise, regardless of the Presi
dent's statement.
Negotiations have been halted tern
porarily, however, by common consen
A meeting of the "mild reservation
i?ts" with Senator Lodge, which ha
been called for to-day, was postpone
for a few days. Senator Lenroot, c
Wisconsin, who arranged the confei
ence, said it was called off in order t
"let the Democratic pot simmer
Depend on Bryan's Argument
After the Senate and the countr
have had a chance to digest the Jacl
son Day speeches thoroughly, the ac
i'ocatefl of a treaty compromise expe<
to be able to judge the extent of xY
split on the Democratic side of th
Senate against the President. They bi
lieve that Bryan's arguments again:
ielay in ratification will appeal to tr
scuntry and that popular sentimei
will support their efforts to work oi
in agreement.
Both the Republican and Democrat
headers, however, are not very hopef
if a compromise, although they pu!
licly declared the door has not be?
Twenty-two Democratic votes mu
be secured before any compromise <
reservations can be adopted, it wi
suggested, and the task is extreme
difficult. Only thirty-five Rep?blica!
at the most can be counted upon
vote for ratification with reservatior
The other fourteen are opposed
the treaty altogether.
Of the forty-seven Democrats wl
will be in the Senate after Carter Otta
of Virginia, takes his seat, two, Se
ators Reed, of Missouri, and Thorn?
of Colorado, are opposed, to the enti
treaty. Seven of the remaining fort
five supported the Lodge reservatio
when ratification was defeated in f
Senate on November 19. The sev
Democrats with the thirty-five Repu
licans make a total of only forty-t'
votes for a compromise. Sixty-fo
are needed, and the other twenty-tx?
therefore, must come from the Dem
cratic side.
Rift Still Clearly Defined
The Republicans, with the excepti
of possibly Senators McCumber, N>
son. McNary, Kellogg and Colt, will r
support any compromise that is r
>ased on the Lodge reservations. Shot
the majority of the Democratic Ser
tors follow the President's Hemand e

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