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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, January 11, 1920, Image 1

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Vol. LXXIX No. 26,719
rst to Last?the Truth:
[Cnpyrlffht. 1930,
Xew l'ork Xribune Inc]
jVeu;s ? EdttoriaU- Advertise
Partly doudy and warmer to-d.v; to.
morrow fair; tnoderate
south winds
Full ttvport on Paurr i*
U. S. Government Is Not Represented in Ceremony
Barring of
5 Socialists
Stirs Party
Senator Mills Utters Pro
test at Action of Assem
I bly at Meeting of Repub?
lican State Committee
Sweet Answers
Huglies's Criticism
Speaker Upholds Rigbt of
Legislature to Pass Upon
Eligibility of Members
The action of the Assembly in ex
etoding the five Socialist members
and Charles Evans Hughes's letter
to Speaker Sweet criticising it
formed the chief topic of discussion
at yesterday's meeting of the Repub
lican State Committee at the Na
tional Republican Club.
? Following the meeting former
State Senator Ogden L. Mills,
strongly eondemned the Assembly's
eourse. IIe said:
v"The proposition which contem
plates the right of the majority of
a representative assembly to exclude
a minority because of the expressed
political btlief of the party to which
the minority belongs is revolutionary
and as serious a threat to American
institutions as will be found in our
entire history."
The Young Republican Club an
aounced that a meeting- Friday night,
sfter consultation with George A.
Gljmii, Republican State Chairman, had
sdopteri a resolution, presented by
Staley M. Isaacs, protesting against
ae Assembly action.
Koenig Withholds Action
Samuel S. koenig, president of the
Republican County Committee, said
that, after talking the matter ovcr
with members of the oiganization and
in view of the almost unanimous vote
excluding the Socialists. he had de
eided to withhold action until after
the legislative inquiry.
Speaker Sweet yesterday replied to
former Justice Hughes in the follow
ing letter.
"I notice in to-day's columns of
the press that you communicated to
me your views upon the. action of
the Assembly in the adoption of the
resolution suspending the right of
the five Socialists to seats in that
body pending an investigation of the
charges that they are unfit to oc
eupy a seat in the Assembly of the
state of New York. It seems from
your communication that you have
assumed that the action of the As?
sembly was in the nature of expul
sion. If you read carefully and were
familiar with the language of the
resolution adopted you -.vould see
that the resolution provides as fol
lows: 'Therefore be it resolved, that
the said [naming the five Socialist
tnemberr-T be denied seats in this
Assembly pending the determinntion
of their qualifications and e'igibility
to their respective seats '
"You should bear clearly in mind
that no attack 13 made upon the views
of the Asscmblymen-elect in ques
tion, However opposed they may be in
theory to the institutions of the
United States and of this state. The
question presented squarely is wheth
er the different organizations of
which they are members, and which
they seek to rrpresent in the Legis?
lature, advocatu methods and employ
lactics to brinj aboutthe ov:rturn of
our form of fovernment whioh will
,'ostify th'rir cxelusion from partici
pating jn legislative proceedings. The
*vidence rcspecting the Socialist
"arty of Arr.erica and other organi
ations to which they belong and the
?or.duct of the five Asaeroblymen-elect
?? members thereof will be presented
wore the Juchciary Committee, and
*M there be impartiaily jud^ed with
> ?iew to determine the rights and
*?)*M of tbose individuals to take
their seats; and in this conection it
Riight be weli to call your attention
to this outstanding. fact- -tha.. a sharp
"Be of demarcation was drawn in
*Pnl 1917, between Socialism and
!?* SjeialUt Party of America?
?o?e Socialists who placed the honor
? their country above their creed
wigned from the Socialist Party of
*?<nca, and have done their utmoat
wpoint out that the Socialist Party
f3 Ara?rica as at present constituted
" u?-American, j? allied with the
JT?*? of Soviet Ruusia in an at
*?Pt to snstitute in tiis country a
?Jorm of government and a rjicta
W*?P of the prolotariat.
( Wantu Judgment Withheld
ttlI?A qH?U: fT"m vour letter, you
e%?i 1 Pubiie officcTa or private
i&diVS* . '"' anv ?v?dence that any
u?*, "**' "T *rouP of 'ndividualB,
hr * 1 * r?volution and seeking
*L.l' ? r'""a?"re? to change our
fcfS?^nt- ??? the evidcnc<; be laid
'..t? the proper authorit.i<f?.'
tiu- kl th<: Jud>ciary Committee of
}^*??*?Wy the proper tribunal to
-?ijtate the fttneaa of thow who
rai.. *??t^t in the Assembly, a? the
4t tka a at J"*dy Provide, ?nd is
iSSJS .A"5*mbIjr lUe)r the Pr?p?r
fita^f'^rame the que?tlon of
?t;t?t;,? ;h'*1,fi ,ivc m';r'? T^'- ??n
"lilv ''1 W" ?t?te so provides.
?f JZ il '"'? m* ,Uify> *? jt?? that
Ui^.' ?'aU: '*"' ?<tlz?n, to withhold
jyt?d ?ud a fair determination
WlL?U?L 1i*'th*r *mpha?i^ that I !
*??b!v\ .?* eritwi?m of the An
^Centinutd ?n puge femrteen ~
Kolchak Arrested,
Moscow Reports
Bolsheviki Said to Have
Taken 11,000 Prisoners
in Advance on Rostov
LONDON, Jan. 10.?Admiral Kolchak,
head of the All-Russian government in
Siberia, has been arrested at Irkutsk
bv Colonel Pepeliayev, according to a
-Moscow wireless dispatch dated Friday
Colonel Pepeliayev ordered his pris
oner to hand over control of all affairs,
it is added.
r xf ,Red forces nave taken the town
| ?* JNaklutchevan, in the territory of
| the Don Cossacks, and entered the out
| skirts of Rostov-on-the-Don, according
: to a Moscow wireless message. In the
I adva?ce on Rostov, suys the despatch,
j the Reds took 11,000 prisoners, seven
i tanks, thirty-three guns and 170 raa
; chine guns.
i Th!J f1*? of odessa has been sur
rounded by Ukrainian insurgents, it
i is declared in another wireless dispatch
>. from Moscow. General Denikine's
i troops, the message reports, are re
; treatmg in the direction of Kherson,
! eastward from Odessa.
? HONOLULU, ~t7h^ jan. 9.?The
i "Nippu Jiji," a Japanesc-lancruaee
newspaper here. published a Tokto
; cable, to-day reporting that the Bol
sneviki haa captured Irkutsk and that
j the Allied diplomats had gone to Chita.
: n i??0ndon advlces yesterday reported
9,000 anfPKolchak Insurgents in con
i troi of Irkutsk and General Semenoff,
; the CossacK leader, as slightly east of
! Chita.]
: STOCKHOLM, Jan. 10.?General Man
j nerheim, the former Finnish Premier
I and commander of the Finnish White
; torces in the struggle of 1918, is shortly
I *f have a? th* anti-Bolshevik f ,rces on
the Western Russian frontier, from the
i White Sea to the Black Sea, under his'
, command, it is assertpd in a Helsing
tors message to a local newspaper to
General Mannerheim, it is said. will
i return. shortly to Helsingfors to take
, the post of commander in chief on all
i the fronts involved.
j Steamship Reported Sunk
By Miiie and_700 Lost
Genoa Dispatch Telling of Loss
of Principessa Mafalda
Is Unconfirmed
LONDON, Jan. 10.?An Exchange
Teicgraph dispatch fronr Genoa to-day
I i?yf ,t,he Italian steamship Principessa
! Mafalda is reported to have struck a I
mine and sunk with the loss of seven I
; bundred lives. The owners of the steam
i ship have no confirmation of this re- j
( port, and it is discredited by Lloyds I
. shipping agency here.
The Principessa Mafalda has not been
I reported since she left Buenos Ayres on !
j"December 31 for the Mediterranean.
j Sne is not due to pass Gibraltar for sev
| eral days yet, however, the averago time
, of the run from Buenos Ayres to Gib
i raltar bemg twenty days. The Princi?
pessa Mafalda is a steamship of 9,210
tons gross, built in 1909. She is owned
by the Lloyd Italiano Line.
_ PARIS, Jan. 10 (French Wireless i
; bervicei.?Much damage has been caused '
recentiy by miries in northem waters.
The Swedish government has requested J
the German authorities to resume and
complete as quickly as possible the work
l of removing mines, according to advice; :
received here to-day. Rernoval of the i
mines was begun in November and inter- '
ruptcd at Christmas.
Robbers Attack War
Veieran; One Dying
Pay Roll Hold-Up Fails When !
Prospective Victim Starts
to -Use Kevolver
Two hijehwaymen yesterday made the '
mistake of selecting a war veteran to !
rob. and as a result one of the outlaws !
is dying in the North Hudson Hospital ;
at Iloboken.
! Sidney Wertheimer, of 138 Leonard
Street, Jeraey City, cashier of the
Grecco Fat Rendering Plant, at Sea- j
! caucus, N. J., yesterday went to tJie j
HiKhland Trust Company, in West Ho-i
boken, to draw $1,500 for his employcr's I
pay rol!. In Paterson Avenue, opposite
Tyler Park, Wertheimer was stopped
by two men, both masked and each
armed with a revolver.
"Give us your money!" one demanded.
"I have no money," was the qashier's
rcply, whereupon he drew his own re
' volver and exchanged three shots with
one of the bandits, who fell mortally
wounded. Wertheimer himself was shot
through the hand and a heavy belt on
his overcoat stopped the two other
bullets lired at him.
Wh<n the police arrived both high
waymen had disappeared and it was not
until somc time later they learned that
the dyintf outlaw had been taken to the
hospital in a motor truck hailed by his
companion, who escaped. The robber
believed to be dying is Charles Coa
tallo, twenty-one, of 145 Spring Street,
West Hoboken. He was shot in the
head and in the body.
Wants Cabinet in Congress
Baker Would Seat MemberB,
but Deny Them Vote
Secretary Baker of the War Dcpart
ment declared yesterday in an addrcsH \
before the Political Education League at,
the Strand Theatre that the functionH of
the President and of Congress should be
more closely related in the interest of
harmony. He suggested that Cabinet
mernbers have aeats with the right of
debate, but not that of the ballot in
eithar the Senate or the House of Rep
"The President," said Secretary Baker,
"is mmla directly responaible to the
peoplc, but Ket.s little power; Conjrross
fotx great power, but little responti
Attack Irinh "Dry** Leader
TEALEE, Ireland, Jan, 10. An at
tempt wa? mudi: yeatarday atcninst the
)ife of Alexander M. Sullivan, hergeant
at-law, Hvd prevident of the Irinh Asso
eiatlon for fhe Prevention of Intem
iiftnr\fp. A bnnd of armed mtmked men
attafiked him, but un?ucccH?fOlly, and
than fled,
Eastman Gave Millions,
But Kept Name a Secret
Kodak Manufacturer Is Mysterious "Mr. Smith"
Who Presented $11,000,000 to Massa
chusetts "Tech" in Eight Years
j CAMBRIDGE, Mass., Jan. 10.?
J George Eastman, the Rochester kodak
j manufacturcr, is the person who in
the last eight years has given $11,000,
j 000 to the Massachusetts Institute of
Technology under the jjseudonym of
"the mysterious Mr. Smith." This dis
closure was made here to-night by
Merton L. Emerson, director of the
campaign for a $4,000,000 endowment
fund for the institution.
In making the announcement of
| $7,000,000* given in the past at a jubilee
dinner marking the clos.e of the en?
dowment drive, Mr. Emerson, speaking
| in the absence of Mr. Eastman and of
i Richard T. MacLaurin, president, who
j is ill, presented another $4,000,000
i to the Tech authoritics in the name
< of "Mr. Smith," who had promised to
, double the fund when the four million
| mark had been reached.
The check brought Mr. Eastman's
total contributions to Tech to $11,000,
I (?00, all but $300,000 of which has been
j given in the name of "Mr. Smith." The
j ftrst gift was for $2,500,000 in 1912
I toward the new buildings proposed at
; that time, and other donations rangine
: from $300,000 to $2,500,000 were made
subsoquently to provide for special
i needs.
How the interest of the Rochester
multi-millionaire in the institute was
I awakened by Mr. MacLaurin was told
I in a paper prepared by the president
! and read in his absence by Dr. W. T.
j Sedgewiek. The paper related how
By House Again
As Aid to Foe
Lower Branch of Congress
Rejecjts Milwaukee Social
ist by Vote of 328 to 6 for
Giving Comfort to Enemy
WASHINGTON, Jan. 10.-For the
second time in two months the. House
bf Represontatives to-day declined to
permit Victor L. Berger to quality and
take the oath of office as a mem-ber
; representing the 5th Wisconsin Dis
[ trict. The vote was 328 to 6, after a
i vigorous defer.se of the right of the
; Wisconsin voters to choose whom they
pleased, made by Representative James
R. Mann, of Illinois, former Rcpubli
can leader of tho House and one of its
most active members.
Mr. Mann failed to rally behind him
any number of supporters, and the
House did not heed to his plea that the
voters of the Berger district should be
permitted to choose their ovvn Reprer
sentative and the House should not
interfere with that right. Representa?
tive Frank W. Mondell, of Wyoming,
who succeeded Mr. Mann as Republi
can leader, and other members who
spoke against the seutinij of Berger
got all the applause and the votes.
Berger himseli, aithough ho has the
floor privilege and occupied a seat all
through the proceedings, could not
speak without unanimous consent, and
effoi;ts to obtain this for him failed
After the House had debarred him
Berger, in a statement, said he would
run again "and bc elected again." On
November 10 last the House adopted a
resolution similar to that adopted to
day, by a vote of 311 to .1, and there
is said to bc no chance that it will rc
verso the position <it has twi.ee taken,
on the casc.
Debarred for War-Time Acts
Berger was not rejtcted by the House
to-day because he belongs to a party
of radical ideas, leaders in both parties j
asserted after the vote, but because a i
committee of the House months ajjo ;
found him guilty of giving aid and !
comfort to the enemies of the United [
States during the war with Germany, |
and because the C^onstitution says that I
no person who haa been guilty of such i
acts can hold public office under this <
The six Representatives who voted j
ngainst the resolution barring Berger |
were Mann, of Illinois; Voigt, i
of Wisconsin; Harreld, of Oklahoma,
Republicana, and Grifrin, of New York;
Sherwood, of Ohio, and Sisson, of Mis- i
sippi, Uemocrats. Representative Sa- |
bath, of Illinois, Democrat, voted
None of the six discloscd on the floor |
that he voted for Berger because he j
believed in the latter's views or bc- |
cause of any fecling that he wished to ;
condonc the offenses of which the i
House found him guilty. But fear was
exprcssed that action of this character
by the House might only result in aug
menting the Socialist vote in the coun
try, and the argument was advanced
that the Fifth Wisconsin District and ;
not tho House was the judge of the j
qualifications of its representative in I
the House,
To this there was one answer upon
which stress was laid by cvery speaker |
Hupportiner the resolution, that Berger
had been found guilty of giving aid and
comfort to tho cnemiet of the/nation
in time of war and that under tne Con- |
stitution and laws he could not bc
seated in the House unless other mem?
bers were to violato their own oaths of
Through the proceedings, which
took about an hour, Berger sat alonc
down near the well of the House. He
was there before the body went into
senKion, he was there an the seats
Continued on pape fourteen
after a visit to the Eastman plant, in
which the wide use of scientific instru
L"ents,.and trained men had impressed
mm Mr. MacLaurin held a conference
with Mr. Eastman in New York City,
where they went over Tech's needs and
As a result of the conference Mr.
Eastman agreed to contribute $2,500,
000 toward the cost of the new build
mgs. He stipulated that the gift be
anonymous, as he wished to avoid all
fuss. That was seven years ago.
When Mr. Eastman added $1,000,000
to his nrst gift, he said. "When my first
eontribution to the M. I. T. was madc,
1 had been carefully looking over the
held for some time. I formed the
opinion that there was no other place
wherc a large sum of money couid be I
myested with rnore effectiveness. That
opinion has not since been chaneed
in the least."
The President's paper commented on
the "great guessing competition" as to
Mr. Smtfh's" identity, started when
announcement was made of his first
"The public favorites," the paper
said, "seemed to be Carnegie. Frick, du
Pont, Vail and Edison. Later the
theory grew up in some people's minds
that 'Smith' was a syndicatc."
Mr. Eastman was born in Oneida
County in 1851. His father dicd when
George was six years old. At t'ourteen
he got a job as boy in an insurance
ofiice. At twenty he was a bookkeeper
in a bank. Taking a liking to photog
raphy, he got a camera to use on vaca
lions and hired a photographer to
teach him the "wet plate process."
Father Finds
Harleni Dentist
Slain by Axman
Man Who Servetl Term in
Prisoii for Attacking Girl
Relali ve ofHatchet V i c rim
Held by Police as Slayer
Charged with the murder of Dr.
Jacob N. Hanania, a young dentist,
whoso head was crushe'd with a hatchet
in his office, 21 Enst 118th Street, yes
fcerday morning. Isaac Isaackowit.;, re
cent(ly released from a prison term for
attacking a girl relative of Hanania,
wa- arrested last night.
Isacckowitz, whom the police had
been seeking since Dr. Hanania's father
discovered, the crimc, wks taken in a
barber shop at 306 East Nineteenth
Streel. A red spot, believed to be a
bloodstain, was found on hia coat
lapel; He is said to. have admitted
having been at Hanania's office yester
day. Tlie prisoner was locked un in
the. East 126th Street station.
Suspicion was directed toward
Isar'ckowitz when his name was found
in a letter of recommendation which
| Dr. Hunanla was writing when he was
j slain.
Father Finds Body
, David Hanania, the sixty-one-year
; old father of the dcad man, found his
! son's body about 11:20 a. m. He toJd
j the police that a short time before a
i young girl had been treated in the of?
fice. This girl was found to he Mrs.
Rose Fass, of 1 West 132d Street. Mrs.
Fass says that as she left the doctor's
room a man got up from a seat in the
reception room and came toward the
office door. As she went out into the
hall she heard the doctor's greeting:
"How do you do, Isaac, come in."
The father said he had admitted the
man into the reception room, and rec
ognized him as Isaackowitz, an ac
quaintance of the fajnily they had met
on the boat when they came to Amer
ica from Serbia about ten years ago,
and who had been sent to prison for an
attack on a woman relative of the
Hanania family.
A fcw moments later, the father said^
two other woraen were admitted to the
reception room. After waiting for
about fifteen minutes these women, he
said, rapped at his door and said that
the man who had been with the doctor
had gone out. They said they were in
a hurry and asked to be permitted to
go in next.
The father rapped on the door to his
son's ofiice and, obtaining no reply,
turncd the knob and walked in. His
son's body, he said, lay'beside an \ip
turned ehair. His cries attracted other
members of the family and the police
were notified.
Dr. Benjamin Schwartz, chief medi
cal examincr, said that the hatchet
found near the body was new. Spots
on the handle were examined by the
police, and an effort is being made to
obtain photographs of any fingerprints.
Met on Shipboard
Isaackowitz, according to the po?
lice, had made the acquaintance of
the Hananias on board the ship upon
which they were coming from Serbia
to America. He was taken into the
house of Samuel Falcon, a cousin of
the dentist, who at that time lived on
East 115th Street, and became a boarder
there. Nine months later he was pay
ing marked attention to Rose Falcon,
the twenty-year-old daughter of Sarm
ucl Falcon. One night, said the father
of the girl, Isaackowitz attacked his
daughter at the -house. When the
father and mother of the girl went to
her assistance he slashed thom all
with a knife The father stiil showed
signs of a dcep cut in his left cheek.
For this Isaackowitz was arrested
and sentcnced by Judgc Crane to
from two years and six months to
four years and six months on the
charge of felonious assHult. In the
early part of 1918 a Jewish wclfare
Continued on page four
Wilson, Near
Recovery. Fit
Tb Make Race
Rapid Gain in Health Re
vives Intimations Presi?
dent Will Be Candi
date on Treaty Issue
Action of McAdoo
Regarded as Hint
Ex-Secretary's Failure to
Avow Candidacy Is Con
sidered Due to a "Tip
By Carter Field
New Yark Tribune
Washington Bure.au
WASHINGTON, Jan. 10.?Information
that President Wilson's recovery is pro
gressing at a rate that in all probabil
ity will permit his being a candidafe
for reelection if he desires to do so
reached some prominent Democrats to
day and caused considerable brown
study over the situation. The infor?
mation is .not that the President could
stand making the ordinary vigorous
stumping tour, but that he will be well
enough, for instance, to make the kind
of campaign William McKinley made
in 1900 for reelection.
The Democrats are putting this with
the President's failure to make any
statement taking himself out of the
race in his letter to the Jackson Day
dinner, with his declaration that the
peace treaty must be the issue in the
campaign unless there is "whole-heart
ed" ratification, and with the failure
of William Gibbs McAdoo to "declare
himself in" the race by attending the
Jackson Day dinner.
The President's letter to the Jackson
Day diners, as has been pointed out by
many newspapers in editorial comment,
creates an issue which only the Presi?
dent could properly fit.
McAdoo May Have Got Hint
The mantle might drape over Senator
Gilbert M. Ilitchcock, of Nebraska, but
the Democratic leaders have not been
siving the Nebraska Senator very seri
ous consideration.
Mr. McAdoo, it was recallcd to-day,
spent a day or two at the White House
recently, and it was after that visit
that he dropped a line to Democratic
headquarters here, saying he could not
attend the Jackson Day dinner, and
intimated rathef broadly that he was
not a candidato. Mr. McAdoo, the
politicians reaspn, may have got an
impression while at the White House
that the President might run again,
and, of course, would not stand in his
'The information received by the
Democrats about the President's health,
and which spread all over the town
with great rapidity, comes from a
source which coraraamls respsct. It is
deemed more intercsting in what it re
flects relative to the President's opin
ion regarding his own condition than in
the mere fact that it reports him to
be gaining physical strength.
Nomination His If He Wants It
The President is said to believe that
in a short time he will be as vigorous,
both meiitaHy and physically, as he
was bei'ore- his breakdown. Therj was
nothing in this information to indicate
that the President intended to run
again, but the knowledge that the Presi
det thought iie would soon be in as
good shape as bel'ore his breakdown in
terested th? politicians in that they
began putting this together with the
President's demand that the treaty be
Ihe issue in the campaign, and so be?
gan wondering if tho President did not
intend to be the candidate,
It is generally accepted that Presi?
dent Wilson can have the Democratic
nomination if he wants it. It also has
been generally accepted in Washington
up until to-day that he did not waht it.
The attitude of his secretr.ry, Joseph P.
Tumulty, has led many Democrats to
believe that the President desired the
nomination of Attorney General Pal
mer. Backers of Mr. Palmer, on hear
ing this report about the President to
day, said that unquestionably Mr.
Palmer would line up behinrf the Presi?
dent instantly if the President wants
the nomination.
Democrats Much Disturbed
But it has been demonstrated so
many times in the history of American
politics that a President can force
his own renomination, or for that mat
ter the nomination of any one he wants
for his successor, that there is very
little discussion of that point. The
only question talked about is: Does
Mr. Wilson want the nomination?
To say that tho Democrats are dis?
turbed is putting it very mildly in
deed. Most of the.m were much dis?
turbed at the President's demand that
the peace treaty should be the issue.
Their gloom was increased by the vig?
orous stand taken by William Jennings
Bryan that the party could not afford
to go '?o the country on Article X.
Just as they were reconciling them
selves to what seemed to many of them
a more or less hopeless fight the ea*i
torials of Democratic newspapers from
all over the country came pouring in,
the great majority taking Mr. Bryan's
side in insisting that the treaty ftght
should be compromised and the treaty
ratified, instead of takinp it into the
campaign. ?
"World" Editorial Worries Backers
The statement of "The New York
World" this morning that the Presi?
dent and Senator Lodffe were "talking
nonsense"was regarded as a body blow.
That "The World" should say Senntor
Lodgc was talking "nonsense" meant
exactly nothing. That is what they
Continued on page three
U. S. Notifies Germany Armistice
Terms Continue in Full Force
n.JVAS?IiGTr(TN' Jan" 10-Fo?al ?tice has been served on
Germany by the United States in connection with the deposit at Paris
to-day of ratifications putting into effect the Treaty of Versailles, that
mnditions of the armistice still govern relations between the United
states and Germany.
narWnT^TTu^ thlS aCti?" WaS mSde t0"niSht b>' the State De
paitment in the followmg statement:
in f2\Zthe P?sitL?" ofuthis government that the armistice eontinues
i u d effeCt b6tWeen the United States and Germany, and
accordingly the provisions of the armistice agreement of November 11
1918, as well as the provisions of the extensions of that agreement'
remam bindmg on these two nations. Notice of this was given to the
German government by the United States.
"The moment at which the first proces verbal was completed
marked the moment at which a status of peace was restored between
Germany on the one hand, and those of the Allied and associated
TZVr \ A7 C?n!fleted the necessary formalities of ratification
of the Treaty of Versailles, on the other."
Both Parties Hasten to
Compromise on Treaty
Democrats Are Told Lodge Adherents Are Willing
to Make "Three or Four Concessions"; Bryan
and Wilson Split Is Igndred
New York Tribune
Wioumprrmr t Washington Bureau
to H.!? ?GT0N* J8n- 10?Marked Progress was made in the Senate
to-day toward a compromise on reservations to the peace treaty
told hv l D7?Tf Sen/t0rS Wh? aVe ne^otiating an agreement were
' re/oT - ^ *"" ?therS *"" the RePub?-ns are willing to make
three or four concessions on the Lodge reservations in order to secure
early ratmcation. As a result the Democratic negotiators are busv
counting noses so as to inlorm the Republicans next week how many
Democratic votes can be counted upon for a <?????,???? y
The Democratic Senators showed
more disposit/ion to compromise to-day
than at any time. The split between
! President Wilson and William J. Bryan
over the treaty at the Jackson Day
dinner has not as yet brought out a
cleavage among the Administration
Senators. Leaders of all factions into
which the Democrats have split over
a compromise completely ignored the
Wilson-Bryan bfeak and were hafd at
' work in the interest of an agreement.
The general disposition among the
I Democratic Senators, after having
j thought over the Wilson-Bryan split
j for twcnty-four hours, seemed to be to
i go right ahead with their original
| plans. The Democrats, if they showed
j any change at a!l as a result of the
j dinner, appeared to be more ready to
| accept the pleas of the advocate3 of a
j compromise that the Senate must act
on the treaty regardless of how Presi?
dent Wilson will act after the treaty
is sent to him.
Democrats Urged Aclion
Democratic Senators on all sides to
dp.y maintained the. positicn that the
Senate must take action on the treaty
befoi-e very long, and expressed a de
sire to go ahead with negotiations for
a compromise.
The assurances from the Republicans
that they are willins to make "three or
four" concessions on the Lodge reser
vations were taken to Senators McKel
lar, of Tennsssee, and Kendrick. of
Wyoming, who submitted a compre
hensive plan to the "mild reservation
lsts" on Tuesday by Senators McNary,
of Oregon, and Coft, of Rhode Island,
Republican "mild reservationists," af?
ter a long conference with Senators
Lodge and Lenroot, of Wisconsin.
Details of what concessions the Re?
publicans are willing to make in order
to effect a compromise were not dis
cussed at the conference with Senator
Senators Colt and McNary were in
structed to inform the two Democratic
negotiutors that the Republicans were
willing to make "three or four" con?
cessions, after having studied the plan
submitted by the Democrats, but that
the Republicans wanted to know how
many Democratic Senators could be
counted upon to support any compro?
mise that might be reached th..ugh
the present effort.
Article X in Dispute
The Democratic Senators also were
told that the Republicans in return for
the concessions they would make in
sisted that the Democrats make a con
cession regarding the reservation on
Article X. The outlook for a compro?
mise was declared to be hopeful after
the Lodge-Lenroot-Colt-McNary con?
Senator Lenroot said that a compro?
mise now depends upon how many
Democratic Senators will support it.
Senator Colt asserted that Senator
Lodge at the conference showed a keen
desire for a compromise.
"We went over the reservations sub
I mitted by Senators McKellar and Ken?
drick and discussed in a general way
what concessions we might make," said
Mr. Colt. "We also decided to ask the
Democrats, in return, to make conces?
sions on Artice X. We told them if
they would do that we would concede
three or four points to them.
"The disposition to compromise is
here, on both sides of the Senate. And
it is much stronger among the* Demo?
crats than ever before. Any proposi
tion to delay ratification in the face of
conditions in this country and through
out the world is idiotic."
Underwood Holds Up Plan
The conference of the Republicans
krepresenting both groups of the Re?
publican Senator3 who want to see the
treaty ratified followed a conference of
the "mild reservationists" and a con?
ference between Senator Lodge and
Senator Underwood, Democrat, of Ala
bama. The Lodge-Underwood confer?
ence resulted in Senator Underwood an
nouncing again that he will not press
his resolution for a conciliation com
Continued on next pag$ j
Berlin Denies
Government Is
Amsterdam Dispatch Dis
putes Reporl in Biussels
Socialists Have Ousted
Regime Headed by Ebert
BRUSSELS, Jan. lO.-Travelers from
Uermany reaching here to-day broupht
unconfirmed reports that the German
government has been overthrown It
was reported that the Indcpendcnt So?
cialists were masters o? the situation
and that a general strike had been de
clared throughout the territory not
under Alned occupation.
Up to 5 o'clock this afternoon no
confirmation of the reports had been
received Storir.s have interrupted
telegraphic and telephonic communica
tions with Germany since Thursday.
flAMfSJEnDAM' Jan- 10.-The report
that the German government has been
overthrown is untrue, according to a
dispatch received here from Berlin.
Berlin Faces Labor Trouble
Ne-o York Tribune
Sl'rrial Cable Service
(Copyrlght, 1fl2n. NCW York Tribune Inc.)
BERLIN, Jan. 9 (delayed).?The sit?
uation. here again seems to be on the
eve of serious labor troublcs. It is ag
' gravated by the heavy depreciation in
the value of the mark since the wage
scale was last adjusted and by the in
creasing seriousness of the food short
age. Danger exists that the strikes now
on may again assume political signifi
cance. A national strike of insurance
company employes, a partial strike of
railroad employes and a menacing
walk-out in the Rhenish coal fields over
the demands for a six-hour day are
now burdening the countrv.
The central committee of the Com
munist Party, or Spartican League, yes
| terday issued a call of an inflammatorv
| character, exhorting all workmen to en"
i ter the struggle for "control of produc
| tion through revolutionary shop coun
! cils." The call asserts that such coun
j cils must control all production and the
; entire transportation system. The an
| nouncement is full of strong expres
! gions dlrected against the "hyenas of
| capital."
Unconfirmed in London
LONDON, Jan. 10.?In connection with
. the unconfirmed reports from Brussels
| of a German government overthrow,
i messages from Berlin by way?of Co
penhagen, received this morning, did
not indicate that anything of an ex
traordinary nature had been foreseen
in Germany up to last evening.
If it should prove true that there
has been a new uprising in Germany
it would appear to ha*e been deliber
ately timed to coincide with the date
set for putting the Treaty of Ver?
sailles into effect and creating a state
of peace between Germany and the
Allied powers.
News dispatches from Germany are
ordinarily at least twenty-four hours
in reaching this country, and the lat
est messages from Berlin, received on
Fritlay, bore Thursday's date. These
messages indicated some unsettiemcnt
irf labor conditions, particularly in
the vicinity of Essen and in the Ruhr
industrial basin, but the unrest re?
ported did not appear to be of unusual
'Tiger' Plans U. S^Campaign
Clemenceau, if Elected, to Cross
Sea in Aid of the League
PARIS, Jan. 10.?Georges Clemen?
ceau is said to intend, if he is elected
President of the Republic, to cross the
Atlantic to carry on in the United
States a "vigorous campaign" in be
half of the league of nations, accord?
ing to the newspaper "Evenement."
War Is Ended
Of f iciallv
Borlin rMcfefttes \i<* Fii>*
to Atti-h Sigtintures;
Lloyd G^ojg^ mid Qe
menceau Folltw Them
Strict Fornialitv
Marks Proceeding
Von Lersner Moves to Of
fer His Hand, htit Prc
mier Ignores Action
j PARIS. Jan. 10 (By Tho Assori
ated PresB) ? Ratiflcationi of Ihe
Treaty of Versaillea were e\
changed, and peace between Ger
j many, France, Great Britatn and the
j other Allied and associated pi wera,
'with the exception of the United
j States, became effectjve at 4:16
j this afternoon.
The ceremony took place in the
j Clock Hall at -he French Foreign
Minislry. Previojsly Baron KuM
I von Lersner, head of the Orman
mission, Bigned the protocol of ...
Ivember 1, providihg for reonrution
j for the .sinking of the Gorman war
| ships at Scapa Flo-.- a-ii -o mi.su rc
the carryint .u- of the armistic
terms. The iig".ing o* this docu
ment#*ook pl ce n the office of the
' Minister ?* Poreign affairs.
Germans La?t to Arrive
Baron von Lersner and Herr v< n
Simson, the other German repreeen
tative, were among the last of those
to arrive for the day's ceremonies.
They passed into the Foreign Office
shortly after Premier Clemenceau,
whe, as usual, was given an ovation
J as he stepped out of his car.
! The delegatcs assembled in the pri
vate office of the Minister oi .Foreign
A/Tairs, where at a secret sei ion the
J irotocol was signed at 4:09 p'clock.
Led by Premier Clemen . u, the del?
egatcs then filed into the f mou Clock
i Room, where tr?ire held the pli nary
sesaions of the peace conference thnt
fixed the terms : the treaty, Baron
von Lersner and lltir von Simson w?re
the last to eu'.er *hc room and the
first to sign t'n .) .v.t es recording the
exchange of ratifications.
The proceedings were sinipie Pre?
mier Lloyd George of Grco Bi tain
followed the German delcgatea a1 ? ???
signature table. He was buc< oded by
Premier Clemenceau of i-? , on
| returning to his seat sfi r hignuig
stopped in front of Baron von Lersner
and Herr von Simson. Ihe (, rman
representatives arose and bo ved to H.
Clemenceau, who said a few words
which were inaudibn to the spectat u .
The Premier tl ? ? I on I o
place without shaking hands.
; waa it was stat d
, menceau's remark to the ilern :?? n ?
| sentatives was to the efT( ? I
would this eyening givi ojdei for tl a
repatriation of the German v ,.i pria
Ceremony Purely Pormal
This incident was watchi
most intense interest in a di lil '.ce.
It was noticed that Baron ????? i Lersiu r
made a movement a.s if to his
hand, but seemed to check him eli, as
he saw that. M. Clei his
gray-gloved hands at his r w:,<
learned, however, that immediately
after the signing of the protocol n.
Clemenceau ^huok hands v-.? u von
Lersner and von Simson.
Premier Kitti, of Italy; Baron Matsui,
the Japanese representative, and Paul
Hymans, the Belgian Foreign Miniater,
followed Premier Clemenceau in the
order named in signiir the minutei on
the exchange of ratifications. Then the^
delegates of ihe other ratifying nations
signed in alphabetica) sequence. M.
Clemenceau th?? ?i r-j~c and said:
"The protocol having bet-n sip-ned, as
' well as the minutes recording the ex?
change of ratifications, I have the
honor to declare that the Treaty of
i Versailles is in full erTi. t and that its
! terms will be executed integrally."
The ceremony was characterized by
forrnal politeness, to the exclusion of
all cordiality, excepting among the
Allied delegates. M. Clemenceau and
Lloyd George, Bitting at th<- head
of the table, chatted smilingly with
Captain Andre Tardieu, Louis Klotz
and Georges Leygues, of thfc French
deiegation, throughout the proceed?
ings. Baron von Lersner was pale and
grave, and exchanged remarks in a ae
rious tone with Herr von Simson.
Germans Depart in Silence
At the end of M. Clemenceau'a ro
marks all tho delegates arose, and the
Germans, after shght hesitation, led
the way out, without eithe'r salutmg or
exchanging words with any of tho
other delegates.
The absence of American representa?
tives was particularly remarked. (Jp
to the las* hour Hugh C. Wallace, tho
American Ambassaaor, was in doubt
as to whether he would receive >n
structions to attend the ceremony.
Finally, hearing nothing fvom \Va?<h
ington. he returned to the sicretary of
the peace conference the invitations
that had been sent bim.
The adoption O; the alphabotieai
sequence for the atfxing of aSgnatures
to th<- minutes recr-rding the axchange
of r..tiiications led to the lesser powers,
after Great BriWin, France. Italy,
Japan and Belgium, signing as follows:
Bolivia. Brasil, Guatemala, Panama,
Peru, PolanH, Siam, Czecho-Slovakut
(Tzechoslovakia) and Uruguay,
(Penama was not mention>4 ^n tha
preliminary list of the nations >o takn
part In the exchange of rahfication*

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