OCR Interpretation

New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, January 11, 1920, Image 6

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030214/1920-01-11/ed-1/seq-6/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for 6

On Trucc Dav.
Savs Pershinji
Gnvrnl Dcelarea He Did
No! Kmov. of Armistice
V'ivfil IVw Hours Bcforc
S i g n i n g of Terms
Action Planned by Foch
Advajiee Stopped as Soon
as Orders Coul d Be
Trausmilled 011 F r o n t
WASH1NGT0N, Jan. 10.?Charges
aftade before a House war invostigation
committee that lives of American sol
^ficrs were wasted in needless attacks
on armisticc day are denied in u
letter from General Pers'hing mnde
public to-day by Representative Fuller,
Republican, of Massachusetts.
General Pershing said the American
forces were acting under general in
structions issued by Marshal Foch to
all Allied commandcrs on November 9,
1918, and that orders for attacks were
Withdrawn as soon as possible after he
was advised of the signing of the ar?
mistice. He also said statements that
American troops were ordered to the
attack while French divisions remained
stationary were 'wholly erroneous."
' Tho general'a letter is dated Novem?
ber "1 L019, -nd la in reply to charges
contained in a letter to Mr. Fuller
from Captain George K. Livermore, of
Winchester, Moss., formerly operations
officer of the 167th Field Artillcry bri
gade of the 92d (negro) Division. Mr.
Fuller explained that he made the let?
ter public in view of statements re
eently made bei'ore tho investigating
committee by Lrigadier General Sher
burne, commandm.!,' the artillery divi
aion of the 92d Division, about which
much of Ihe con.roversy regarding
Armistice Day losses has centered.
The letter follows:
"I had no knowledge before 6 a. m.
November 11 that the armistice hud
been s'.g:ied and that' tiring was to
cease at 11 a. ni. November 11.
Rumor 1'roved Correct
"The armistice, effective at 11 a. in.
November 11, was not signed until 5
a. m. November 11, hencc the ini'or- '
mation which Captain Livermore states
i u received about midnight of Novem?
ber 10 was only a rumor, although that
rumor proved to be correct.
"For several days prior to November
11 false rumors of the signing of an
.. mistice were prevalent in all the
armies. You "niay reca 1 that at Icast
one of theso rumors even reached the
United States, and that November 7,
1 think, was made a day of ceiebration
on account of a false rcport.
"Ail armies took steps to correct
these rumors, and at 5:15 p. m. No?
vember t? the foilowin,? telegram was
received by me from Marshal Foch:
'?'The rpmy, disorganr/.cd by our
repeated attacks, is withdrawing aiong
t e whole front. It is important to
r.. intain and hasten our action. I ap
. to the energy and initiative oi
Uje commander ?> in chief and their
?s i i Becure decisivo re.u.ts.'
" \\ of the A! icd con:manders re
? <\ similar telegrama from Marshal
? British nor Fronch head
? i rdercd firing to c ase prio
? ; ig into effect of tl.e armis
h is at 11 a. ni. November 11
. gcr.cral firing by all ihe Allies
v Ihe enemy continued on th-.
front from Switzerland to the
? t i that hour, In placcs the fir
.cl away prior to 11 a. m.. and
few p aces iiring continued unti
.. ' r that hour.
"Ihe 92d Division, astride the Mo
attacked at 7 a. m. November 10
n i at 5 a. m. November 11 advanced
a ;-hort distance, but the troops had
retire, to cover in the face of reporte
heavy frre when the commander of thr
attacking brigade received informatio?
Bt 7:lj) a m. that an armistice wouT '
he effective at 11 a. m. The brigad
commander reporta l'at he ordered al
? in:; stopped at 10; 55 a. m. and tha
iring was so stopped. The casualt^
rccorda show that on November 11 th
..': Division lost 17 ki led and 28
wounded, of whom 99 were gassed. Th
easualty records of the marines shov
that their losses on November 11 wert
9 killed and 172 wounded.
Order of Attack Explained
"The attack of the 92d Division on
November 10. continued at 5 a. m. or
the morning of the 11th, was not a pre
liminary to the proposed attack o.
Novi mber 14.
"Captain Livermore states: 'Another
point of interest in thi;; matter is th
f:ct that the i<2d Division was opt
atinjr under orders to advance along the
M- - lc. .vhil the French on its rig
Created for the
Purchasa of
Praila. Gotd. KUverwar*.
l'la'.iium. I?m-Iou? Htoues.
Our ofur-ra cspr-cuilty
vrnlence or our re;>
" M u.u i,. u..l < .,JL
Our rntrrmmm ??Tit'r? ;t?^urr?
^>o t,i <,f,:;,i??nj: f?i] %tt.ur.
K*taie? ap; jwI. porefoued,
166 West 46:h ?t.
At H.oiulway.
Ttlepb%tu .^j*?v ?r.8s.
-iii.'JUijani 7011.
9 hast 45th Street ^
M Aiuiual KfMluetion Sale il
Cordon &Diiworih
mm Beal ??
'' -'.! ??; Vr. | DKKCiSH
IM ';)( ',? T Oy TOV/.V
xzw XOUt OR *"
Ulank whtq orj?>red to mnrk tiw? until
', '.he Mtfc?the French wo;l ktiowing tliat
' the chances strongiy favowd a lermi
Iration of hostilitics before that date.
ilf tho French wnrked on thut basis, why
jooiiin't thr American c-ommarul have
j done as much'."
"From July lfi to tho armistice the
? Allies attacked in aceordance with a
general plan. This plan contemplated
! attacks from ju.st east of tho Mosellc
: to the sea. From a point just east of
ithc Moselle to SwiUerland the Allies
wero unuble, prior to the armistice, to
jconcentrate the necessary means for
the attack. Thus the French troops
holding the lines east of the Moselle
took no part in the reduction of the St.
j Mihiel salient or the subsequent op
? erntions of the second army*
"Early in November the Allied com
i mander in chief decided that the Al
'' lies were in a position to concentrate
! sufficient troops for an attack east of
the Moselle. These plans cailed for the
j employment of approximately twenty
French divisions, supported to the left
by six American divisions. On Novem
i ber 11 the necessary movements of con
centration of both French and Ameri
j can troops were under way, but none
of tbem were in position.
"Captain Livermore appears to be
under the impression that on Novem?
ber 11 General Mangin was in com
mand of the French troops on the right
of the 92d Division, and that that di?
vision was scheduled to attack on the
immediate left of the French on No?
vember 14. Both-these impressions are
wrong. General Mangin would have
commanded the French attack of the
14th, but on the 11th none of his troops
I v-ro in tho line, nnd General Gerard
, commandod Ihe army on the ri&rht of
| 'he 92d Division. The plans for the
; attack of the 14th contempiated placing
! two American divisions, the 3d and
29th, in first line on the right of the
92d Division, and did not contemplate
an attack by the 92d Division, except
in the wuy of followinir up to keep in
touch with the advance of the left of
the 3d and 29th American divisions.
"On November 11 parts of the French,
British and Belfiian lines, as well as
parts of the American line, attacked
and advanced. The implication that
the Americans were the only troops
which advanced or attacked ori Novem?
ber 11, is wholly erroneous,
"With rcference to your question as
to 'whether it was true that the French
were as regnrdless of the wastape of
men with the armistice in sight as we
were.' I must say that I think the lan
iruage used appears to contain implica
tions which are unwarranted. Neither
he French nor tho jAmericans were
regardless of tho wastage of men on
November 11. or at any other time.
Neither on November 11, nor at any
other time. were 'American lives need
lessly wasted because some of our offi
cers were not as considerate of their
men as the French were'; nor were
American lives needlessly wasted for
any other cause. unle. s it be that we
had not adequately prepared for war in
time of peace.
"In 1918 the Frwjch had been ex
haustcd by four years of war, and it
is true that nearly all of our divisions
?'ttucked with moro dash, enthusiasm
and courage than any but a very few
of the best French divisions, but this
suneriority of practically all of our
i divisions was not due to lack of consid*-1
eration of his men by any American [
"I believe the above, together with
the statement made durirtg my hear
ings, covers the points raised in your
letter and its enclosure."
? -
Brooklyn Sailor Commended
With Others for Rescues
WASHINGTON, Jan. 10?Names of
eight enlisted men of the navy who have
been commended by Secretary Daniels
for gallantry display^d in saving human
life were announced to-day. For rescu
ing persons from drownintr, the Secre?
tary commended the following:
Bontswain's Mate John H. Fttll, New
port, R. L; Fireman Ernest J. Defore3t.
Fowlerville. Mich., and Seaman Stephen
B. Nostrand, 248 Madison Street, Brook?
lyn; Fireman Salvatore Bonetti, .198
Salem Street, Boston, and James F.
Saunders, Fort Worth, Tex.
Gallantry and presence of mind dis
played after a boiler explosion on the
United States steamship Caldwell, Oc
tober 16 lavt, brought commendation to
Water Ten<l>rs Olie L. Givons, 1H> Gano
Avenue, St. Louis; Richard Johanson, 24
Roxbury Street, Boston, and James H.
Pierce, Macon, Ga.
Board Doesn't Need Money
WASHINGTON, Jan. 10.?Chairman
Payne of the Shipping Board to-day
withdrew a request to Congress for an
emergency appropriation of $125,009,
000. It was explained that the board
rccently had collected about $100,000,
000 from outstanding accounts, some
of them dating back to war times. '
Spaiti Puts 7 6Reds'
To Death After Raid
On Army Barracks
Syndicalists, Aided by Sol?
diers and Led by Union
Head, Seize Post, Kill 2;
Leader Is Slain in Battle
M^DRID, Jan. 10.? Dispatches from
Saragossa announce that four soldiers
implicated in an attack upon the ar
tillery barracks there early yesterday
have been captured by the authorities,
who found another soldier dead. He
had committed suicide. Two of the
mutineers surrendered. All six men.
together with a corporal arrested at
the time of the muiiny, were broupht
bcore a court martial and sentenced
to death. They were put to death to
day in a field immediately adjoining
the barracks.
The authorities released a number
of Syndicalists arrested for complicity
in the affair, as the evidence showed
i"> sifcn of the movement spreading.
Full details of the disorder received
here show that at 3 o'clock in the
morning President Checa, of the Wood
workers' Union, well known for his
Syndicalist activitics. appeared at the
barracks entrancc with soldiers belong
ing to the 9th Artillery Regiment.
The sentry and the soldiers on guard
opened the gate. Upon entering Checa
J?'I 9,WfJkA&Uil
Fifth Avenue, 37th and 38th Strefets
Annual Sale of
Women's Silk Underthings
Reduced in pricefor the first time this season
npHE silk underthings in this sale were not bought for a sale?
1 but are Franklin Simon & Co. underwear from regular stock:
This means silk of superior quality and designs of excellent tastc.
Crepe de Chine Nightgowns
Empire style,flesh color, trimmed
with tucks and daintily hem- - n
stitchedjsquareneck. Reduced to 5.00
Crepe &e Chine Nightgowns
> , B X e model with geprgette
crt^ top, Vai {ace trimmed;
, flesh or white. _ Reduced to
Crepe de Chine Chemises
Envelope model, with shoulder
straps, in' flesh or white; hem
Stitched. Reduced to
Crepe de Chine Combinations
Bloomer model, flesh color, with
tucks, lace edging and ribbon 0 ,*
through eyelets. Reduced to 3.75
Georgette Chemises
Step-in model; flesh, white or
black; tucked in squares and
hand embroidered. Reduced to
Satin Pajamas
Two piece model, trimmed with
folds cf self material. Slip-on
coat. In r>ink or blue. Reduced to
Satin Bloomers
Flesh or white, hemstitch
ing and elastic at knee;
reinforced. Reduced to
Silk Camisoles
Several models of flesh color satin
or crepe de chine, Val. lace or
Georgette trimmed. Reduced to
Tm .20
Tax ,41
Philippine Underthings
nro the characteristic flneness of Philippine neediework, Franklin
Simon & Co. add models made according to their own exclusive
patterns, personally selected fabrics, and the loveliest of embroidered
designs. This dainty lingerie is priccd for this occasion at less than
to-day s wholesale cost.
Philippine Nightgowns
Of fine nainsook, entirely
hand made and charmingly
hand embroidered.
Philippine Nightgowns
Hand-made, of fine nainsook
with squafe, round or V necks, 0 _.
exquisitely hand embroidered. 3.95
Philippine Nightgowns
Of fine nainsook, hand-made and
elaborately hand emb'd in de
Philippine Envelope Chemises
P Shoulder strap or regulation
models, of nainsook, hand-made
and hand embroidered. 2.95
Philippine Envelope Chemises
Envelope or step-in models, of
fine nainsook, hand-made, hand
emb'd or real filet lace trimmed. 3.50
Philippine Envelope Chemises
With fine hand drawn work
daintily hand emb'd and trimmed'
signsofindividualcharm. 4.95 * SSfSlV S? ? ?* tnd Xrimm?* A ~
-*w?j with real filet or Irish lace. 4.75
Characteristfcally French in fineness of neediework, in novelty of desien and rt,t??
??SSL?K?^^S Ni6h,gowns'Chemises' te?
At Corresponding Price Reduclions
?*???? I II j ? ,-,
and his followers met a-sub-lieutenani
and a sergeant, who opposed their
propress. The mutineers then killed
the twoofficers and wero joined by gol
diers belonging to the guar'd.
Checa, with three men, went to the
printing offices in order to prevent
publication of the newspapers, after
ward returning to the artillery h tr
racks, where they entered the dormi
tories of the sleeping soldiers. The
majonty of the soldiers refused to
listen to the fiery speeches with which
Checa tried to persuade them to join 1
hiB movement and locked themselves
in their rooms, from which thev fired
apon the mutineers. A number of i
jjendarmes then appeared on the scene
under command of Colonel Valdez
They took possession of the barrack"<>
after a struggle in which Checa was
killed. . i
American Mission in Serbia
BELGRADE, Jan. 10.?An American
raiiway commission has arrived here
to supervise the reconstruction of the
railroads of Servla and 18,000 tons of
construction material are now on the
way from Salonica. The commission
is headed by Co'.onol William Atwood.
$200,000 Graft in
Liquor Alleged
Police Are Accused of
"Protecting" Fake Rum
Robberies in Chicago
CHICAGO, Jan. 10.?Ulegal move
ment and sale of liquor in Chicago
have notted Federal a;rents, policemen
and politicians 8200,000 or more since
July 1, acc'ording to evidence which,
it is reported. has been turned over
to Daniel C. Roper. Internal Revenue
Commissioner, in Washington. If. was
said at the Federal Building here that
George Murdock, ppecial investieator,
and Charles F. Ciyne, United States
Attorney, gave the information per
sonally to Roper.
Mr. Clyne is due back in his office
to-niorrow, and it was intimated that
grand jury action was an almost im
mediate prospect.
Included in tho rumored evidence
were stories of fake rabberles of
jwholesale hquor houses, removal ?f
the hquor to "clearing houseV" ?f *k
graft syndicate and pavment 0f ??!
sums for "protection"' l to poHce ?J
Federal officials. Some of tJe krSt
fUy ^e-Srt/re Said t0 have b(-en a
sessed $o00 monthly, and on.. v??a
of iliicit drinks is &id t0 have wT
fied his pnce of $1.50 for a mixed drinfc
by the larjw; amount he was compeB
to pay for "protection." Other m-m
bers of the toeaj forcp ^jgjgjgfc
SACRAMENTO. Calif., j"n jn
Abrahara Ruef, former political "bo*'u -
convicted in San Francisco of briber
was grantod a pardon by Govern^
William D. Stenhena to-night. This
auUmatically n-stores to Ruef ?.
rights of eitizenshin. Uef tn*
Names Watterson a Colonel
FRANKFORT. Ky., Jan. lO.-Gov.
ernor Edwin P. Morrow to-day ap,
| pointed Henry Watterson, widely know,
] newspapef man and former editor o?
"The LouisviHe Couritr-Journal"
colonel on his stafT. ' *
KJ?i?mlMjnn? BK*4 m.*m.m*KmnnarwnMmnK-*r*-4i-wr-m: mrm. m. ^ um, g^3g
Jranklin Simon & <k>.
Fifth Avenue, 37th and 38th Streets
All At Prices That Cannot Be Duplicated
On Underwear Purchased Today, Some At
Prices Less Than Present Wholesale Costs^
Li&ht weifcht, fine
ribbed cotton combina
tions in pink or white. Q -
Knee length only. .o5
Fine ribbed, low neck
and sleeveless model,
French band top. Knee
or ankle len&th.
Medium heavy wei&ht
with French band tops;
knee or ankle len&th. 1 0 {
Re&ular or extra sizes. 1.25
Ribbed silk lisle thread
body with fclove silk
top, shell knee, in pink
or white.
Heavy Winter wei&ht,
knee or ankle len&th,
shell ed&e-. Re&ular or
extra sizes.
Superior quality
ribbed silk and wool;
low neck, sleeveless, 0 ~ -
knee or ankle len&th, 2.95
Uftanklin Simon $. (To.
Fifth Avenue, 37th and 38th Streets
Annual Sale of
Sizes 2 to 6 years?Small Children*s Shop_Fifth Floor
The loveliestof frocks for the smnltest
of girls, at the lowest of prices
Chambray Dresses
Sturdy little frocks in pink,
blue or buff, trimmed
with noyelty stitching.
Heretofore $2.95 to 13.50 1.85
Hand Smocked Dresses
A variety of models in
white batiste, voile ordim
ity, also colored chambray.
Heretofore $3.75 to $4.75 2.50
Chambray Bloomer Dresses
Every-day frocks of pink,
blue or tan chambray,
with detachable bloomers. 2.65
Hand Emb'd Bloomer Dresses
Made of superior- quality
chambray in pink, blue,
green or yellow trimmed
in white; with detachable
bloomers. 3.50
White Dresses
Of dotted Swiss, voile, ba
tiste or pique, hand emb'd,
smocked; in pink or blue.
Heretofore H.95 to *7.95 3.75
Hand Emb'd White Dresse*
Of fine batiste, dotted
Swiss, dimity or pique,
hand emb'd,lace trimmed.
Heretofore $8.95 to $10.50 4.95
Hand Emb'd Bloomer Dresses
Of fine chambray in rose,
tan or blue, emb'd in con
trasting colors. Detach
able bloomers. 3.95
Smocked Bloomer Dresses
Fine chambray dresses in
rose, Copenhagen, tan or
lavender with white repp
collars and cuffs, De- _
tachable bloomers. 4.95
Heretofore $12.95 to 919.50
Loyeliestof frocks, fashionedof fine French batiste crepe de chine
im^^mxxtjq jq^uuusr anwj?? gaarorgar

xml | txt