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Prohibition G^i^rid^TOlJ^Enforced, Officials Sa?
__L_.-2.P_. n*_r?_rl *W _a ?? r _r__._-._r_ Di,?_J_ _.*?* ._,_... _ _ _ ~ " ' ??-__-^_-_ _ _/ Swift and Severe Punishment Is Promised Violators of the "Dry" Law ?v?_S**V?3#f?Je ,I.i-_V_._ *.*__-?. I,.. ?.rit-_-*>u<_ f|<^-S_-?_ii^?^I "Not Taking Anything, Thank You, John" ^?5S-|-_?_KjJ_? 7f^"?^> ? '^^sMi-*^^ . Kitchen Stove Still WiU Be Im? mune From Raids, but Let the Moonshiner Beware 8y TheodoTe M Knappen Washington^ D. C. SOME drinkers of other days scaled the water wagon in a single leap. Others favored the tapering off method. r*grl_ Sam, the collective American, ?kose the latter. He took fifty years w do it, and reached the zero yes? terday Bjtherto his efforts have heen *9?_-Brd gradually reducing his allow uce of alcoholic stimulants. Here ?t?r his efforts will be directed ttvard keeping himself from falling jf fhe wagon. The long years of iptation for legislative restriction, redaction and abolition of the na? tional booae allowance are over. We lave become by constitution and law tnation of teetotalers; now comes the era of keeping the resolution, a laohition of a sort and magnitude lever paralleled in history. Prohibition has been written into (he organic law of the land. Is it ta be a dead letter, like at least one other amendment to the Constitu tioa, or is it to be enforced to the jult! And if all law officers every? where do their conscientious duty, is the new law the sort of law that is enforceable, or is it null and void In fact, as King Canute's decree igainst the tides? Time only can inswer the latter question authori Utively, but there are plenty of men 2 authority who undertake to say ?at the law is enforceable and that irery effort will be made to en lorce it. Prohibition is not to be permitted ? be the great national and inter ttional joke of the times, the most ?lossal piece of massed hypocrisy ace men began to have morals and ?ral codes. John Barleycorn is legally dead, ad the men, organizations and so? la] forces that brought about his iemise purpose to see that he is ta?ed so deep and so securely that, ___Qfh his animation be only sus pe__ed and he shall turn in his tomb ***"__ convulsive writhings, it will oaiy be to accentuate the final and supreme agony of one of the oldest ad most formidable of devils. Piling rocks on the tomb of Demon Rum are? First?The government of the Unir? ai States of America, acting through i specially e_*abl:_hed unit of the Internal Revenue Bureau of the Tr-MTiry Department and also 4r__gh the Department of Justice. Seeond? The governments of the tetes and territories and all the ??Hal government ; within them, act ?f through sheriffs, police forces ?d prosecuting attorneys. Third?The powerful Anti-Saloon l*s_*ae and nineteen other national ?*?i "rigorous temperance and prohi? bition organizations, all of which ?**** jo?, conceded, under the name "f Use National Temperar, .e Council, * feat conference in Washington ?"fceially devo'^d to th* consldera ?*? ?*tf the problem of making pro libit?oa real, universal, vital and M*_*e. ?miaally, we have had proh'bi ** ?h-ce July 1 last, even in those *fw?Mof the country that were not fewady "dry" by local enactment, ??those in the; government and out ^ are charged or have charged with the enforcement of * kw, now that the constitutional ,**tt*?ent is effective, declare that ?'?'?Wtiix months are but the twi a__i ? m to the full day compared *? *hat ia to come. kpw ? Teetotaler J* national administration of ? inhibition act is in the hands of ?fckBda. Daniel C. Roper, Com ^Wt of Internal Revenue, is 8 r**t teetotaW and prohibition ???aa ra__ed in a South Caro **?ty that hasn't had a saloon '** ?? bordera for aeventy -five * He la an austere churchman. **t?l*B prohibition with re ?*. "A* !|^^??^)*0,, peraonally a prohibi ?TL l ****** Mr* Eoper th<' 1^^* church memlitr," was hi? S^****11 *ith no thought of ?????J** qoeatior., but with the __^?*ft that ?weh a atatt-fnent ?JJt ?pliad that he wa? a pro g?j? 1** going to enforce the JJ.*W??tiona that you will g*? doty," i -.zplalni-d, "bat ?P* ?tttad upo? to under take the enforcement of something that, though.written into the law, is as much beyond its power as the succession of the seasons?" "I do not think so," was the answer. "It is my firm belief that this law can and will be enforced. To my mind the constitutional ?amendment and the enforcement j law do not run contrary to human ? rature. I do not beli?ve that ages of habit or heredity have rooted a recessity for alcoholic drink in the human constitution. Neither do I believe that there is in this country such a great mass of inveterate opposition to prohibition as an en? croachment on the rights of man that despite all our efforts the law will become a dead letter. The human race has been for centuries the victim of a great delusion and n bad habit. The American part of the race has now decided to break its bonds and reform, just as thou? sands and millions of men have done for themselves in these last fiftj years. We can and should rid our selves of alcohol just as we do wit! the narcotics. I know that then are millions of people who energeti ?ally hate prohibition, but I knov also that millions of slaves o: whisky welcome prohibition. "Also, I know that the overwhelm ing majority of the American peoph respect the rule of the majority am are firmly law-abiding. They wil insist on the new departure having ? fair trial. If they consider it is ai experiment, they want it at least ti be a thoroughgoing and honest ex p?riment. Can Be Enforced i "Honestly, I believe that after i little while we shall enforce tb prohibition law as well as the law 1 against larceny are enforced. Then has always been stealing and then j always will be, but I know of nobod: | who is not an anarchist who is ii favor of repealing the laws agains theft because after six thousani years and more of such laws thej are still violated. The prohibitioi law will be violated?extensively a first, slightly later on; but it wijl broadly speaking, be enforced ant will result in a nation that know: not alcohol. My own opinion is tha we sha!! be immeasurably better of without liquor. "Il will be only a matter of tinm until other nations follow our ex ;?mpi?. National teeotaiism will s increase our efficiency that the; can't compete with us and keep oi drinking. A great European mer chant was in my office a short tim asro and he told me that from hi ? bservations in the United State under such prohibition as we hav had in the recent past, geners prohibition would so raise the stanc prd of our industrial efficiency thu Europe would have no choice but t fellow our exampie or else be hopt lessly outclassed. 'Ardent prohibitionist that I an however, I can say that it is not m intention to act like a fanatic in er forcing this law. It amounts to a enforced revolution in the habits c millions of people; it is a sweepin innovation; it is a new order of s< ciety. People must be educated u to it, and they must first be mac -?ware of the fact that the law is ? joke?that it can be enforced an that it is going to be enforced. The must be broken in, so to speak." To Finance the Fight Congress appropriated $2,0O0,0C for enforcement of the law by tl Commiss;oner of Internal R?vent and gave the Department of Justii an additional $100,000 for the e penses of the duties that will 1 imposed on it by its work in tl courts. Mr. Roper created a Fe eral prohibition division of his b reau to deal with administration e forcement and placed at the he* of it John F. Kramer, of Man3fiel Ohio, who is known as the Feder Prohibition Officer. Like Mr. Ropi Mr. Kramer is a believer in prohil tion. He likes his job so well th he almost wonders why he is dra' ing pay for working at it. He se no insuperable difficulties in enfoi rig the law. "There is no doubt about il ?aid Mr. Kramer, when I asked h: if he rally thought the count could be made bone dry in fact well as in written, law. "I am r going to fool myself inio bellevi 'hat we can eliminate all the seel -nd prvate stills in the country, S:eep every farmer from letti ;-5wec-t cider turn hard. We do: purpose to make laughing stocks ourselves or incur the persoi hatred of people everywhere raiding kitchens, sleuthing celia nmtdling of chimney? und look! for a Stall in every teakettle. "Nevertheless, the law is going \,t- enforced. There was never I fore any law on the statute bo? ?.hat so massed the law enforci fancies of the country behind Th* amendment gives the state? 1 power to enforce it, and thirty-three ?of the states already were dry by %heir own act. We will have the cordial cooperation of their law en? forcement officers. In fact, I believe that we shall have effective coopera? tion everywhere. In some states the local authorities will lock after prohibition enforcement so well that we will have very little to do in them. If weak r-pots develop we will concentrate our own enforcement or? ganization on them. Experts on the Job "The enforcement agents will have under them about 1,500 officers, who will be distributed among the vari? ous districts, according. t?> their needs. Many of these men have had long experience in enforcing the in? ternal revenue taxation laws and are very familiar with the ways and habits of moonshiners and other il? licit dealers. In fact, pretty much the whole of the personnel that has dealt with the enforcement of the excise laws in the past is now in the prohibition enforcement unit; so you see we are not altogether ama? teurs. ' We are not lacking in ex? perienced secret service men, or in men of courage, force and resource? fulness. "The field force will be largely mo? bile and will be transferred in part from one' district to another, as the occasion arises. In some sections very few of the members of this 'flying squadron' will be needed. In other sections the rigid enforcement of the law will largely depend on their efforts." The Anti-Saloon League, the or? ganization that was chiefly instru? mental in realizing prohibition, has not become torpid feeding on vic? tory. It is commonly believed that it has more money to reap the fruits of victory than it had to attain the victory. It has the law, and now it purposes to have the men to enforce the law. With those austere prohibi? tionists, Messrs. Roper and Kramer, in charge at national enforcing headquarter?, the league feels that its friends are not only at court, but are the court itself, it. has no misgiving? 'as to the way in which its cooperation will be received. "Anybody who thinks we are asleep at the switch or that we in? tend to be content, with an empty victory is in grave danger of making 8 very large mistake," said B. C. Dinwiddie, legislative agent of the league. "The victory is ours, and now we are going to see that the fruits are duly garnered and pro? tected. National prohibition gives us an opportunity for prohibition that prohibits, and we ure right on the trail of the opportunity. The meeting this week of the twenty na? tional temperance organizations is the beginning of a big national movement to awaken the public con? science and get the law-abiding sense of the nation behind national prohi? bition, After the Supreme Court shall have finally dealt with the last expiring efforts of the 'wets,' the work of my office, the legislative work, may fairly be considered closed after twenty-seven years of activity, but we shall now turn our energies to making .he law a living, operative thing **I have no sympathy with this talk about the people not wanting prohibition and i_he law being un? popular. Prohibition has been com? ing on for more than fifty years. Thirty-three state:, were 'dry' before the prohibition amendment was adop ed, and with each year of na? tional prohibition there will be more people for it. There isn't a gho.t of ix chance that liquor will bo voted back, and we shall exert ourselves to see to it that the law is enforced and respected. The fact is that even a majority of drinking men are for prohibition, and the slaves of the drink habit are stronger for bone dry prohibition than even those with whom it is a religion." Last Year No Sample The sort of prohibition enforce? ment that has existed since war pro? hibition became effective last July must not be taken as a sample of what is to be in vogue from now on. In the first place, the enforcement act was not passed until October 28. Before I hat time there was no spe? cial "push" behind the enforcement of war prohibition. With the pas? sage of the enforcement ac., with its penalties of fines as high as $10,0-0 and imprisonment up to five years, the Collector of Internal Rev? enue was made responsible for pro? hibition enforcement in cooperation with the Department of Justice, but he had no adequate machinery for so large a job, and the special or? ganization for enforcement was built up with a view to permanent prohibition, which became effective at midnight last Friday night, rather than to war-time prohibition. Then the situation was muddied and mud? dled by all sorts of litigious disputes as to what intoxicating liquor was and by a tangle of conflicting court decisions, and thousands of dealers were in lawful and unrestrained possession of large quantities of liquor, so that there were countless sources for the illicit seepage of a supply for bootleggers and other clandestine distributers. The desert was at hand, but there were long peninsulas of humidity and oniy semi-aridity projecting into it, and oases were frequent and highly humid. Then, too, the author? ities, being human and being also wise, were not overactive, even with the enforcement agencies they had, during this lust agony of the great god Rum. But it is different now. It will take time to get the enforcement machine into good running order, but the country is fully embarked on the desert life that is hereafter to be ita permanent fata. By Fob I ruary 1 every person possessing ; liquor of any description, except as prescribed by the law, will auto? matically become a violator of law. j j Those now in possession of liquoi', i ; except private household supplies,, must make full report of the same by January 27. Thus every stock in the- country that might serve as a source for illicit merchandising will be located and its owner will be sub? ject to the closest kind of super? vision to the end that such stocks ! may be used only for non-beverage purposes. After February 1 the sources of illicit liquors will be con- j fined to illegal production at home i and to the results of smuggling. Under war prohibition moonshin ing has tremendously increased, and the revenue agents never gathered | in so many illicit stills and brewing devices as they have in the last few months. Hitherto the mountain "moonshiners" of the Southern states have had pretty much of a mo? nopoly of illicit distilling Their pur nose was to avoid paying the excise tax. Now, with the incentive of having the whole of the market, such ; as it is, at their command the moon? shiners will doubtless spring yp in all the remote, sparsely settled timber and mountainous regions of ' the country, as well as in large cities. ' Counting the family stills and brewing outfits that have been in- \ stalled, there probably are scores of ! thousands of illegal gin mills al- j ready in operation or being pre- j pared. The home booxe factory will j doubtless flourish to the end of time. Even the drastic prohibition enforce? ment act does not give law officers the right of free run of every man's home on the suspicion that he is making tanglefoot or beer or home? made wine. In some communities in the country, as well as in urban centers, whole population groups will s".mund and support the illicit comnv : .ai distillers, and the job of finding them out probably will be as continuous and as unfailing as moonshine hunting in the North Carolina or Georgia mountains. En? forcement officers who have given thought to the subject are inclined to think that illicit stills will be able to evade them more successfully in the large cities than in the country. Big Crop of Stills In the country there is the tell? tale smoke of the distillery fire and the widely carried fumes of the alcohol. In the cities smoke and fumes may blend with the thousand smokes and odors of congested life and industrial activity. Little stills may easily be installed in kitchens. Revenue agents have already seized hundreds of them all over the coun? try. Some are permanently installed >y plumbers, but others are small, light and portable and do not cost more than a few dollars. A tin pail, some copper tubing, some ice and a kettle for the mash will set any man up with a home outfit. Most of these outfits prob? ably will escape detection so long as the owner does not undertake tc sell or widely distribute his product On the other hand, after the noveltj wears off most of them will b( scrapped. Likewise with the various home brewing projects, even thougl they do not involve much more that a formula and the raw material The country will never be "wet' from the ale, beer and whisky madi at home, and the enforcement offi cers are sure that the degree o humility will not be perceptibly in creased by the few commercial still that will escape their attention. The flying squadron of revenui agents which has been such a terro: to the mountain moonshiners in re cent years, under direction o: Daniel C. Porter, now established ir New York, will be many times mul tiplied and the chances are that ir days ahead many a city moonshinei will have bitter experience of these tireless, fearless and determined men. And if any of the gunmen of New York should ensraere in moon shining and bootletrginp: they will find that for "pulling" first and shooting quickly and accurately they are outclassed by the men who have been trained in the mountains and swamps. The wilderness moon shiner* ar? also to be hunted and harried as never befor*?. It is prob? able that observation ain.lanes, equipped with military cameras, aril] be brought into this work and witt vie with the eagles '.n hovering over mountain fastnesses. Smuggling will retnrn with mnch of its old-time romance fascination.,, indeed, it is already here. Smug- ; j'ing on a gigantic scale has (tone on .cross "wet-dry" boundaries ever s'nee prohibition began to brsnk ont" m spots, and since war prohibition1' went into effect it has become a big*!* game on the frontiers. The Boc-.., mudas, the Bahamas, Cuba, Mexico, Canada and the little French islands of St. Pierre and Miquelon, in the Gulf of St, Lawrence, are already-^ successful smuggling bases. Witt" whisky worth anywhere from $20 to $50 a quart, the temptation j- great/ ? and the rewards enriching. Accord,- ? ing to circumstantial report-^** "blockade runners" already appear. , regularly off the Florida coast at.^ preconcerted rendezvous, where they*;' are met by motor trucks at night? The cargoes are lightered ashore^n loaded on the trucks, and by dawsi". thousands cf gallons of whisky ara_> scores of miles away. This is Amer*. - ican whisky that was exported tot ? the Bermudas or other bases at a. H cost of about $8 a ca?e! >r.-. Only Quebec "Wet" * Canada is all "dry," except the*,. Province of Quebec, though inter-., provincial commerce in liquors ?_. still permitted; so Quenec, which i?^ very conveniently located with re? spect to New Yorjf, is a promising source of illicit supplies for the northeastern section of the country. However, the smuggling speculators regard St. Pierre and Miquelon a_' the ideal bases, especially for foreign liquors and wines. The Breton fish? ermen can bring the stuff out as ballast from France?and Maine, ?as a very tortuous coast line. All of this means a new field o? activity for the revenue cutters, an? if they are not equal to the job of. guarding the coasts against booz? infiltration, the enforcement unit will likely put out a fleet of chaser* of its own, which will, of course, b?' "long, low, rakish" and very speedy. Thus, while the dreamland ro-, manee of the banquet table, the fes? tal board a:id the bar will romance. no more, for most Americans, boozs. will continue for many a long year, to be a source of stimulation through the news, not to mention the host of works of fiction that will now have? to bring in moonshiners and liquor smugglers before they can intoxicate. the hero or the villain or produce: the alluring environment of adven* ture, villainy and crime that they will otherwise lack in a drinkless, saloonless, diveless land. Making Ugly Babies Pretty IF EDITH DOE, aged five months, is not a raving, tear? ing beauty sixteen years from now it won't be the fault of Miss Florence McKay and the other nurses in the maternity ward at Flower Hospital. Some people might think a nurse too busy to care for the future looks of baby pa? tients, but a white cap and a print uniform haven't taken the eternal feminine out of Miss McKay. But, I then, she's very pretty herself, and perhaps that makes a difference. Edith at five months weighs only eight pounds one ounce, which is less than many babies weigh at birth. Miss McKay says: "Visitors consider her rather homely, but we've fussed over her so much that we think she's real nice looking." She has nice eyes and an engaging smile when in good humor, but when crying for her bot? tle she resembles nothing so much as? a young bird, all mouth and a bone or two. Like so many East Side babies, she started life under a handicap. She was brought to Flower Hospital with her mother, who was ill and who soon died, leav? ing the undersized, undernourished Edith with a father who had no way of caring for her, so perforce she was kept on in the maternity ward. i For a time it seemed as if she must ! follow her mother, but the nurses i and doctors made up their minds she ! should live, and she did live*. Now, Edith's ears were a great worriment to Miss McKay. Their shape was all right, but they be? trayed a tendency to stick out at right angles, and the one 3he lay on most got doubled under the wrong way, so that it almost began to flap around toward her small pug nose. Her devoted nurse saw that that ?ABY Edith doesn't care if her ears do stick out, but the nurses at Flower Hos? pital know it will be different sixteen years hence, so they are "bending the twig" in time A would never do. Being pretty her? self, as aforesaid, with big, dancing 'eyes fringed with long dark lashes, . and a mouth that smiles naturally and masses of hair curling over her own small ears, it hurt her tender heart to think what Edith's future beaus might say if she grew up with flappy ears. "And I'm afraid," she said, "that the child isn't going to have much hair to hide them." The chances for Edith's crown of glory, indeed, are slim at present. She practically . .'I is bald, and though the nurses ar?*,' doing their best with discreet shamr.. ; pooing to "bring on" the blond fua ? on her small pate, they haven't. had much success so far. So with? the aid of court plaster Misa Mc* Kay set out to train Edith's ear* in the way they should go. Long strips of the plaster hold them pain? lessly flat, and will continue to d<? so until they submit to training. J Edith is alr?eady developing ?nto* a sociable youngster, smiling bright? ly, if toothlessiy, at the nurse? whan they bend over her bed, and clinging** rapturously to their arms when they' take her up. -She spends most of^ her time in the little room off tht*^ ward that is lined with t:ny cage$n, containing new-born babies, ?hose mothers lie outside. To ail of them' Miss McKay, Miss Horton in plump and pretty nurse who adore? o?b?es>* and all the other student nurses? give due attention as to their futura looks. Little pug nuKirb are fre- ? quently and tenderly molded into more classic shape, ?*nu the mottled complexions with ?tritteA the huma? young come into tne world are anxiously watched io .-ec chat they clear up property. The broies ?.re, kept carefully lyi.i?? a.i their ^ideii ?lying on their ba.-k*. as so many. mothers place tnem, is all wrong?'' and generally at Flower Hospital you will find them on their right/ sides, so the heart ha? plenty 07, room for action. .N'ot a few of. these mate nity casr? are charity cases frcm the tcvnrng Usnemen^ house region over mere but U?e? , are going to have their chance in life. And if the drive Flower Hot?., pital is now making ?or funds ta? bu y better equipment and enlarg? the maternity and children's ward? lis a succefii, there's no telling what* a great effect Nurse McKay, besuty specialist, may have on the coming generation of young women And, of course, ?he doesn't neglect the looks of the boy babies, either.