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Kentucky Is to
Its Juleps a "Marse Henry's" Old Paper Be gins Campaign Against Empty Military Titles ACK in "the good old days," before the war and tho h. c. of 1. and the "Reds," back in that peaceful era when we didn't realize how nearly utopian our existence was, there used to run through our beads, whenever we thought of old Kentucky, the descrip tive lines: "Where the> com is full of kernels Ar.d tho color.ela full of com." But that also wa3 in "the good old days." The story of how the colonel lost his "cawn juice" at tho handa of a benevolent and paternal Congress is already old. And now, piling Pelion upon Ossa, heaping insult upon indignity, the Kentucky colonel, sah, ia to be de prived of his glory, of his chief claim to fame, -of hia very dignity and title. He is to lose, in fact, his very existence, if the designs of one of his heretofore best friends be car ried to n consummation. For, ar guea "The Louisville Courier-Jour nal"?"Marse Henry" Watterson's own child?the rank is nn nbsurdity and the honor bunk. The creation, a few days after his assumption of the reins of state government, of fifty-one colonels at one fell awoop by the newly inaugu rated Governor, Edwin P. Morrow, aroused "The Courier-Journal" to w orda of scorn. c he Governor's Htunor And waa it merely a coincidence or his desire to honor the dean of the country. journaliata and the forc most son of Kentucky, his friends ask, that led the Governor ahortly thereafter to lnvest Mr. Watterson with the proud title of colonel on the < lovernor's staff? Whether intentional or no, it was ;.. fine piece of irony, for "Marse Henry," although he has been called "Colonel" Watterson for lo, these many years, by the press of the country, ia decidedly not a believer in such empty titles. Several times the veteran editor has bei n tendered cornmissions by Governors < f Kentucky, but "Marse Henry" has consistently turned | them back with thanks, refusing the ! doubtful honor firmly, but always politely?that is, politcly as far as '? hia lettera of declination were con : cerned. There is no reason to be ; licve that Mr. Watterson will do otherwise than as he always has done with regard to his latest com? mission. One of the primary rules of his ; paper, one of the first things each "cub" on "The Courier-Journal" had to learn, was that the editor was just "Mr." Watterson, or plain Henry Watterson (and not Henri, either), in the eolumns of his journal. "Colonel," being a purely honorary and unearned title, was taboo. "The new executive should think twice before palming upon a real friend one of these absurd titles," waa the comment of "The Courier Journal" upon the recent occasion of Governor Morrow's shower of cornmissions. "They should be re served for persons whom tho Gov? ernor dislikes. It's a dollar to a tin sword that the Governor could never think of a sweeter revenge than to sneak up on an enemy?one who haa never smelled powder and never will smell powder?and while the latter isn't looking pin a 'colonelcy' on his swallow-tail .coat." Tho ranks of the goated and mais tached colonels, already wavering under one cruel constitutional blow, are reported to have crumbled be- I fore this unkindeat thrust. "The Governor shall appoint the Adjutant General and other officera of hia : laff." This is the language of the Con stitution, lega] authority for that adjunct of the state's military sys? tem, "aide-dc-camp on the Gov ; ernor's staff with the rank of colonel. Immemorial usage givea sanction i to the bestowal of the title upon ' i those the Governor is pleased to ' honor, and folks about Frankfort remember, in the days of Proctor : Knott and Simon Bolivar Buckner, seeing the aides, rcsplendent in irold ! braid and shoulder knota, wlth I swords a-dnngle, conspicuous at tho Governor's receptions. Acting Governor Charles A. Wickliffe had three of them on his staff in 1836. There was a nota tion in his minutes of the appoint ment of aides without any designa tion of ranlc It was in those enrly days that the state militia system was under going a fundamental change, initi ating the volunteer organization of the National Guard, such as exists to-day, and the staff officers grad ually altered from the character of a useful adjunct of the military establishment to a purely orna mental position in the executive suite. Back in the early thirties of the last century Kentucky had as many as 123 regiments of militia, three or four major gerferals, a corporal's guard of brigadiers, nnd almost as many active colonels as Governors Stanley and Black, the immediate prcdecessors of the incumbent, des ignated on their respective staffs; a goodly platoon of majors, nnd so many captains and lieutenants that the Assistant Secretary of State fell into the habit of entering on the jourmil the appointment of "sundry" company and platoon of? ficers. In those days every able-bodied man between the ages of cighteen and forty-fivc was a member of the state militia. They even had an? nual musters. The state was di vided into regimental territories and every man liable to military duty in the territory was enrolled as a member of that regiment. Governor Isaac Shelby's journal consists almost exclusively of the appointment of militia officers and calls on the state militia to put down Indian uprisings during tho term of office of tho state's first chief executive. lt is conjectured that a staff position in those days excused a man from active service in the militia, although the Governor's staff, in view of the large military establishment, may have had some real duties to perform. At nll events, as the old system gradually sank into non-observance, the staff multiplied, and as tho list of real generals, colonels and nm.jors shrank, the list ol ai les with the rank of colonel increas' cl. As late as Governor McCreaiVs __ oionels timo hi3 seventy aides wore dresa uniforms, swords and gold braid, and added a gorgeous touch to popular gatherings at the executive mansion, almost outshining the ladies in the splendor of their at tire. With the outhreak of the war, uniforms, except for service, wero taboo, nnd no part of tho military dress of the United States army could be worn by civilians. Consc quently, few of the hundred-odd colonels on Governor Stanley's staff ever purchased uniforms. Governor illack during his brief tcnure added fifty-elght to the total number of Kentucky colonels, and Governor Morrow in the month he has bcci in oflicc has created fifty five aides with the honorary rank. The first commission he issued was a compliment to the mentor and guid ing genius of the Republican party in Kentucky, A. T. Ilert, Republican national committceman. Pointing out the fact that tho Con stitution makes the Governor com mander in chief of both the army and navy of Kentucky and that the navy's rights to a few orTieers havo been lamentably ignored, "The Courier-Journal" "arises to cham? pion its rights to some admirals, or ie'en commodores." Kentucky's Navy Slightcd "Let the voicea of a million Ken tuckiana sound and resound through the sweeps of the soft valleya and up the slopes of the everlasting hills until they echo glorioualy and tcr rifyingly against this foul and un just discrimination against the I! state'a approximately gallant and t almost invincibic navy! c Having raised its voice in de- i fense of the Kentucky navy, "The i Courier-Journal" next turned its at- t tention to the urgent need of an up- i to-date model of the uniform of the 11 Kentucky colonel.'. which as at pres- < ent constituted is said to bo entirely U too simplc for the distinguished mili- i tary pavt they will be called upon to i play at receptions, banquets andM parades. It is too much., possibly, ? like a mixture of the uniform of j Admiral Sir Joseph Portcr in "H. t M. S. Pinafore" and a costume of;i :. Knight of Pythias. bays the editor: "Tho task of deaigning a modern ; oi't''t is one. requiring a high quality t of the ffisthetic. X i aspersion of the r Governor. talent in that line is in- s rTKE "COURIER-JOURXAL" sugge'sts the appointment of I a commission to plan a uniform for the Kentucky colonel that shall bc a cross between the uniform of Sir Joseph Porter and a Knights of Pythias costume ended when we say firmly that we oubt the Governor's artistic train Rg '.'cr preparing this important hit f sartorial architecture himself He iiight make the mistake of resort nix lo the Doric or the Renaissance lattern, when more deftly trained esigners would show that the model hould be Corinthian superimposed ipon twentieth century Mansard. lt night he that a touch of the twenty irst century should be introduced in nticipation of tho future and in ustification of the colonels' rights o be in the lead in matters of time s well as in matters of page.antry. "Thercfore, 'The Courier-Jcurnal' rges the Governor immediately to nnoint a commission for a refi rma ion of the uniform of the colonels f his staff, early action being de irable in the interest of tho tailors -since fifty-eight uniforms might now* cause little trouble, although thousancls later on might produce a con festion of huge consequence to everybody who wears clothes in Kentucky." Commission on Uniforms Pursuing the topic, it is sug gested by the writer that the com? mission be limited :o live *md that ii. consist of one milliner, one archi tect, one scene painter, one vvhole sale hardware dealer and one pho tographer. The editorial continues: "The commission should, in turn, give consideration to the suggestion that a colonel should not be limited to carrying just one sword. He sl o ild be permitttcd to carry two? one in each hand. There should be some form of distinguished service medal for bestowal upon such colo | nels as look the handsomest in cos ; tume, or for such other triumphs as their military careers might di :1< Occasionaiiy one of the coi. - without tho shadow of doubt will I suffer from wounded feelings, and i a form of wound stripe should be prepared for use in such an enier gency. "Plainly the present system is an tiquated. lt should be instantly ed. Tl ?? c. l< nels should be the : ;-' lazzling monuments in Ken ven if we must electric - w Sad, Sweet Stories That Are Very Selrtom Tnie H_V ^TILIXRED and I think we \\J 1 !'n>)*v h dea-about .hurnan X ? J__ nature ar.d human values. We pride ourselves upon having reached tho point some sev? eral years ago where we can tell the false from the true. Mildred haa been on the stage. and I have been on newspapers, and in the last five years we have met and dealt with ail kinda of persons. It is pretty hard to fool us. So when we met Genevieve we were agreed that she was a very much misunderatood little girl. We met Genevieve at Waverley House, 38 West Tenth Street. That la where the poliee, the courts, the Travelers* Aid Society and other or ganizationa send wayward girls for obaewation and inveatigatlon before they decide what shall be done with them. The girls are between the agea of sixteen and twenty-one. They aro runaway girls, or girls whose famiUes cannot manage them, accuaed of delinqucncy or petty larceny. The women at Wa verly House take care of them, win their confidence, examino them men tally and physically and then make rccommendationa as to what shall 1 o done with them. Her Sad, Sweet Face Scelng Genevieve in the office, where she.had been called to receive n caller, who proved to be a hotel detectlve, Mildred and I" were im mediately intereated by the sad ex prcssion and lovely featurea of the appealing child. Tho cold-faced de toctive's queationing of tho beauti ful child aroaaed our sympathy. We asked the matron, Mra. De Brenna, to let ua talk to hor. In the great aitting room of Waverley House, a comfortable, homolike place, Genevieve received 03, The casual observer would have thought that sho waa tho hostesa vc d we her guests at aftemoon tea. t She smiled a sweet, sad smile and drew from her bosom a tiny picture, which she gazed at and kissed in preoccupied fashion. Her face i ? almost spirituelle. "Your baby?" t-aid Mildred, hesi tatingly. Knowing that Genevieve 1 had never been married she tried to : i be delicate about it. "Yes," said Genevieve, with a far away expression in her eyes. "And j it almost seems a dream. lle lived ' such a short time that it, seems as i if I just dreamed he was at all." Mildred and I sighed and looked i at the picture of the baby, a sweet-1 iooking youngster. "That detective was a coarse- i Iooking man," I said. My conscience pricked me, because! | I have met several very jolly hu j man detectives In my work. i "Oh, he was very kind," said j Genevieve, "he wasn't cross. He said ' i he was sorry to have to question me, j Ithat he would hate to have his sister | ! i in my place. The detective that found me was a mean man, though. I Ho came to where I was working | and started right in being rough." I Embarrassed Inquisdtors Again Mildred and I were rather embarrassed. You see, Genevieve had been accused of having stolen from oneof the big hotels where she had been working. The missing clothing had been found in a fur nished room she had taken after , leaving the hotel. However, we hated j to accuse her of stealing, even in our intimations. Genevieve didn't mind, though. She went on blandly: "1 knew I'd be caught after I hau taken the thing.-. 1 tried to put them back when I learncd that the hotel people were Iooking for me. But it was too late. The coat I took wasn't very good, and the dress didn't fit me. So I didn't want the things, anyway, but it was too late to get them back. ".My heart nearly stopped beat ing when I saw that detective who was after me. I went with' him, and I said to him at once, 'Don't my anything; I'll not try to get iway.' But getting on the street car and going along the street he tried to yank my arm. And before H 'HILE the girls are c-onfmcd at Wavcrh \, House an ? [fort is made to make th m fa l at home. Tht , assi mbh around a hia ta?U oi tlu pl asant living room in the evenings and sew or do basket iveaoina the chief came in at the hot 1 hc talked to me av ful. "The chief was very good to me. lle said they didn't want to put me in jail and would send me here for a while. instead of putting me away." "Are any of your family here?" I asked. "Family!" said Genevieve with great scorn. "There isn't anybocly except a brother in B iston. He has had a chance to help me and wouldn't. 1 would never a ik Mr: again. "I came fre :.: Russia w ith an aunt when I was very little"?the faraway look returned to her eyes. "My fal . r had married again, and 1 di '??.:': like his wife. So I live 1 with my aunt. My rather came to '; i country before we did. My . r t and l had 9 hard time i scap :: g and when. we got to this coun? try we had a hard time getting in because of eye disease.'* What Could One Expect? The little "Russian" went on with : ong story of hardships and v.r. hapi v home condil iona. Mildred and i were very sorry. What could be expected of a girl who had no more chance in life? It reminded us of motion pic? tures we had seen, I -uppose. Any way, some suggestion br ught mov ing pictures into the c iversation. <1. nevieve told us mtich of them. She had seen many more than ? of us, and her criticisms wer ? i lever and to tiie point. Suddenly Mildred had a woneler fui idea. She knew something of the pictures, having b en in seve ral. "Genevieve's face wquld screen wonderfully," she said. Genevieve was ..ri animation. "Would yi u like that?" asked Mildred. Would she0 Xo need to answer. 'i i .r...;.,,,. we ...... .. .,,; :,_ Gene '?'? ?'? was to be ] atient an i ?ood at Waverley House. Mil Ired w< uld get a i hance for hi r to be int roduced into moving pictures or something, however th ; get in. I?well, there wasn't anything I could do except to ler.d my moral support to the project. We left in high spirits. We felt that we wer ? ?* dng to do something t ^r one of our d iwntrodden si ' rs and were glowing with sympathy and a desire to do good. Frankly, I was so captivatcd by G mi \ evi that had the Wayerley House per? mitted I should have taken hei hi with me us a poor little sis er. F01 tunately, Waverley House does act until it has made several thorough investigations. Yes, a Remarkable Girl Our plans were laid ar.d the proper opening." had b i . fi getting Genevieve into lo r ch . ? i profession. We felt that she ;'. have. a chance to show tl ? wor! i that she was the wonderful | we thought her. Mildred and I went back to Wa verley House to see whether we coul I take her out to tea to tell her thi news and plan for the start she wa: to have as a great picture star. Mrs. De Brenna agreed with us that Genevieve was an unusual girl and far above the average mer;; l ol those who come to Waverley House. But she could not let her go with us. To make a long story short, Genevieve had been found to be one of tha worst girls who had ever come under the care of Waverley House. The recommendation -/ould be made that she be sent to an in stitution. As Dr. Montague, the psychiatrist of Waverley House, said, there were many things Gene? vieve might teach the delinquent women in an institution, but there was nothing she could learn from them. Genevieve had never beer, nearer Russia than the moving picture theater. She had a comfortal home in Massachusetts and re able parents who were willing to take her back if slm would stay w th them. The baby whose picture we had seen, not her first, by the way, she had tried to kill several times, She had run away with the husban I of one of her bcn< fact irs. She had stolen since sho was n ne y ars old. In fact, the investitj d brought reports of a bad record for the girl from a number of Pen vania towns, from Boston and N.rew York. Mentally aml physically, tests showed that she was abo\ average. The Professional Way So much for the amateur investi gator. Waverley House has a corps of trained women who fnvestigate the cases of girls at the pre-d age. Mrs. De Brenna,as th h id >f the house, takes great pride in her The Social Workers Learn to Steel Their Ilearts work, an I it is through her personal ' rk with tnai y of these girla that '?? of them have been "^'(' u ' their confidence," said ? ''??? Bi 'nna last week, "by ' ' ??'' faii v and never mis ' ' s< : ' ;:' ytl ing, Some of '' "' ? tel] fantastic stories when they : '' : ('"n^. But there ig a way to ; ?'?'- ''"?" :'' 'th al out each one. We '" ,rk un*d we find it. I have seen "?'? who, wh. n they finally make :? their minds to tell the truth. vi m greatly relieved." The mental and phyaical exami nati ?ns made by Dr. Montague also tarry tiie investigation a long way. She dei idea the cases according to their mentality. Many are sent to "?ylums for the insane, others to ' omes for the defective, and those that average fairly high are the < ^ses that call for deliberation. Jr. these cases sometimes the girl " ' I ack to h<-r parents Some *'m,'s she is committed to an insti tution, and sometimes she is put on probation under the care of Waver? ley House and a job is found for her. Waverley House was established in NTew York City in 1908. It is a e ? >rary home for delinquent women, where they can remain un? til their individual needs arestudied. True and False Soon after Waverley House w;;< opened men and women interested in the home met and formed the Xew York Probation Association. ' ?? ' ? sociat ion at once assumed re ' ' ' lity for Waverley HoUi ai I ? I a program of reformative and preventive work. "'"'- '? distinctive thii g about Waver? ley House is the individual method ' handling cases. After the girl has ? .' ! her story, the Bupposediy true on ?. i n invesl igati >n is made by " ' : ? ? and interview with i who may know her. By ? time ahe has be? n examined mentally and physic_11y the results of outside investigation are begin i rig to come in. That it is not -af? to accept the word of the house'* gui st s s] own by th ? disiUuslW*" tyself ??"?' ~ Idr sd in *??? j ..ard to Genevieve.