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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, February 01, 1920, Image 82

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Kentucky Is to
Its Juleps a
"Marse Henry's" Old Paper Be
gins Campaign Against Empty
Military Titles
ACK in "the good old days,"
before the war and tho h. c.
of 1. and the "Reds," back in
that peaceful era when we
didn't realize how nearly utopian our
existence was, there used to run
through our beads, whenever we
thought of old Kentucky, the descrip
tive lines:
"Where the> com is full of kernels
Ar.d tho color.ela full of com."
But that also wa3 in "the good
old days." The story of how the
colonel lost his "cawn juice" at tho
handa of a benevolent and paternal
Congress is already old.
And now, piling Pelion upon Ossa,
heaping insult upon indignity, the
Kentucky colonel, sah, ia to be de
prived of his glory, of his chief
claim to fame, -of hia very dignity
and title. He is to lose, in fact, his
very existence, if the designs of one
of his heretofore best friends be car
ried to n consummation. For, ar
guea "The Louisville Courier-Jour
nal"?"Marse Henry" Watterson's
own child?the rank is nn nbsurdity
and the honor bunk.
The creation, a few days after his
assumption of the reins of state
government, of fifty-one colonels at
one fell awoop by the newly inaugu
rated Governor, Edwin P. Morrow,
aroused "The Courier-Journal" to
w orda of scorn.
c he Governor's Htunor
And waa it merely a coincidence or
his desire to honor the dean of the
country. journaliata and the forc
most son of Kentucky, his friends
ask, that led the Governor ahortly
thereafter to lnvest Mr. Watterson
with the proud title of colonel on the
< lovernor's staff?
Whether intentional or no, it was
;.. fine piece of irony, for "Marse
Henry," although he has been called
"Colonel" Watterson for lo, these
many years, by the press of the
country, ia decidedly not a believer
in such empty titles.
Several times the veteran editor
has bei n tendered cornmissions by
Governors < f Kentucky, but "Marse
Henry" has consistently turned
| them back with thanks, refusing the
! doubtful honor firmly, but always
politely?that is, politcly as far as
'? hia lettera of declination were con
: cerned. There is no reason to be
; licve that Mr. Watterson will do
otherwise than as he always has
done with regard to his latest com?
mission.
One of the primary rules of his
; paper, one of the first things each
"cub" on "The Courier-Journal" had
to learn, was that the editor was just
"Mr." Watterson, or plain Henry
Watterson (and not Henri, either),
in the eolumns of his journal.
"Colonel," being a purely honorary
and unearned title, was taboo.
"The new executive should think
twice before palming upon a real
friend one of these absurd titles,"
waa the comment of "The Courier
Journal" upon the recent occasion
of Governor Morrow's shower of
cornmissions. "They should be re
served for persons whom tho Gov?
ernor dislikes. It's a dollar to a tin
sword that the Governor could never
think of a sweeter revenge than to
sneak up on an enemy?one who haa
never smelled powder and never will
smell powder?and while the latter
isn't looking pin a 'colonelcy' on his
swallow-tail .coat."
Tho ranks of the goated and mais
tached colonels, already wavering
under one cruel constitutional blow,
are reported to have crumbled be- I
fore this unkindeat thrust.
"The Governor shall appoint the
Adjutant General and other officera
of hia : laff."
This is the language of the Con
stitution, lega] authority for that
adjunct of the state's military sys?
tem, "aide-dc-camp on the Gov
; ernor's staff with the rank of
colonel.
Immemorial usage givea sanction
i to the bestowal of the title upon '
i those the Governor is pleased to '
honor, and folks about Frankfort
remember, in the days of Proctor :
Knott and Simon Bolivar Buckner,
seeing the aides, rcsplendent in irold !
braid and shoulder knota, wlth I
swords a-dnngle, conspicuous at
tho Governor's receptions.
Acting Governor Charles A.
Wickliffe had three of them on his
staff in 1836. There was a nota
tion in his minutes of the appoint
ment of aides without any designa
tion of ranlc
It was in those enrly days that
the state militia system was under
going a fundamental change, initi
ating the volunteer organization of
the National Guard, such as exists
to-day, and the staff officers grad
ually altered from the character of
a useful adjunct of the military
establishment to a purely orna
mental position in the executive
suite.
Back in the early thirties of the
last century Kentucky had as many
as 123 regiments of militia, three
or four major gerferals, a corporal's
guard of brigadiers, nnd almost as
many active colonels as Governors
Stanley and Black, the immediate
prcdecessors of the incumbent, des
ignated on their respective staffs;
a goodly platoon of majors, nnd so
many captains and lieutenants that
the Assistant Secretary of State
fell into the habit of entering on
the jourmil the appointment of
"sundry" company and platoon of?
ficers.
In those days every able-bodied
man between the ages of cighteen
and forty-fivc was a member of the
state militia. They even had an?
nual musters. The state was di
vided into regimental territories
and every man liable to military
duty in the territory was enrolled
as a member of that regiment.
Governor Isaac Shelby's journal
consists almost exclusively of the
appointment of militia officers and
calls on the state militia to put
down Indian uprisings during tho
term of office of tho state's first
chief executive.
lt is conjectured that a staff
position in those days excused a
man from active service in the
militia, although the Governor's
staff, in view of the large military
establishment, may have had some
real duties to perform. At nll
events, as the old system gradually
sank into non-observance, the staff
multiplied, and as tho list of real
generals, colonels and nm.jors
shrank, the list ol ai les with the
rank of colonel increas' cl.
As late as Governor McCreaiVs
__
oionels
timo hi3 seventy aides wore dresa
uniforms, swords and gold braid,
and added a gorgeous touch to
popular gatherings at the executive
mansion, almost outshining the
ladies in the splendor of their at
tire. With the outhreak of the war,
uniforms, except for service, wero
taboo, nnd no part of tho military
dress of the United States army
could be worn by civilians. Consc
quently, few of the hundred-odd
colonels on Governor Stanley's staff
ever purchased uniforms.
Governor illack during his brief
tcnure added fifty-elght to the total
number of Kentucky colonels, and
Governor Morrow in the month he
has bcci in oflicc has created fifty
five aides with the honorary rank.
The first commission he issued was
a compliment to the mentor and guid
ing genius of the Republican party
in Kentucky, A. T. Ilert, Republican
national committceman.
Pointing out the fact that tho Con
stitution makes the Governor com
mander in chief of both the army and
navy of Kentucky and that the
navy's rights to a few orTieers havo
been lamentably ignored, "The
Courier-Journal" "arises to cham?
pion its rights to some admirals, or
ie'en commodores."
Kentucky's Navy Slightcd
"Let the voicea of a million Ken
tuckiana sound and resound through
the sweeps of the soft valleya and
up the slopes of the everlasting hills
until they echo glorioualy and tcr
rifyingly against this foul and un
just discrimination against the I!
state'a approximately gallant and t
almost invincibic navy! c
Having raised its voice in de- i
fense of the Kentucky navy, "The i
Courier-Journal" next turned its at- t
tention to the urgent need of an up- i
to-date model of the uniform of the 11
Kentucky colonel.'. which as at pres- <
ent constituted is said to bo entirely U
too simplc for the distinguished mili- i
tary pavt they will be called upon to i
play at receptions, banquets andM
parades. It is too much., possibly, ?
like a mixture of the uniform of j
Admiral Sir Joseph Portcr in "H. t
M. S. Pinafore" and a costume of;i
:. Knight of Pythias.
bays the editor:
"Tho task of deaigning a modern ;
oi't''t is one. requiring a high quality t
of the ffisthetic. X i aspersion of the r
Governor. talent in that line is in- s
rTKE "COURIER-JOURXAL" sugge'sts the appointment of I
a commission to plan a uniform for the Kentucky colonel
that shall bc a cross between the uniform of Sir Joseph Porter
and a Knights of Pythias costume
ended when we say firmly that we
oubt the Governor's artistic train
Rg '.'cr preparing this important hit
f sartorial architecture himself He
iiight make the mistake of resort
nix lo the Doric or the Renaissance
lattern, when more deftly trained
esigners would show that the model
hould be Corinthian superimposed
ipon twentieth century Mansard. lt
night he that a touch of the twenty
irst century should be introduced in
nticipation of tho future and in
ustification of the colonels' rights
o be in the lead in matters of time
s well as in matters of page.antry.
"Thercfore, 'The Courier-Jcurnal'
rges the Governor immediately to
nnoint a commission for a refi rma
ion of the uniform of the colonels
f his staff, early action being de
irable in the interest of tho tailors
-since fifty-eight uniforms might
now* cause little trouble, although
thousancls later on might produce a
con festion of huge consequence to
everybody who wears clothes in
Kentucky."
Commission on Uniforms
Pursuing the topic, it is sug
gested by the writer that the com?
mission be limited :o live *md that
ii. consist of one milliner, one archi
tect, one scene painter, one vvhole
sale hardware dealer and one pho
tographer. The editorial continues:
"The commission should, in turn,
give consideration to the suggestion
that a colonel should not be limited
to carrying just one sword. He
sl o ild be permitttcd to carry two?
one in each hand. There should be
some form of distinguished service
medal for bestowal upon such colo
| nels as look the handsomest in cos
; tume, or for such other triumphs as
their military careers might di :1<
Occasionaiiy one of the coi. -
without tho shadow of doubt will
I suffer from wounded feelings, and
i a form of wound stripe should be
prepared for use in such an enier
gency.
"Plainly the present system is an
tiquated. lt should be instantly
ed. Tl ?? c. l< nels should be the
: ;-' lazzling monuments in Ken
ven if we must electric -
w
Sad, Sweet Stories
That Are Very
Selrtom Tnie
H_V ^TILIXRED and I think we
\\J 1 !'n>)*v h dea-about .hurnan
X ? J__ nature ar.d human values.
We pride ourselves upon
having reached tho point some sev?
eral years ago where we can tell the
false from the true.
Mildred haa been on the stage.
and I have been on newspapers, and
in the last five years we have met
and dealt with ail kinda of persons.
It is pretty hard to fool us.
So when we met Genevieve we
were agreed that she was a very
much misunderatood little girl.
We met Genevieve at Waverley
House, 38 West Tenth Street. That
la where the poliee, the courts, the
Travelers* Aid Society and other or
ganizationa send wayward girls for
obaewation and inveatigatlon before
they decide what shall be done with
them. The girls are between the
agea of sixteen and twenty-one.
They aro runaway girls, or girls
whose famiUes cannot manage
them, accuaed of delinqucncy or
petty larceny. The women at Wa
verly House take care of them, win
their confidence, examino them men
tally and physically and then make
rccommendationa as to what shall
1 o done with them.
Her Sad, Sweet Face
Scelng Genevieve in the office,
where she.had been called to receive
n caller, who proved to be a hotel
detectlve, Mildred and I" were im
mediately intereated by the sad ex
prcssion and lovely featurea of the
appealing child. Tho cold-faced de
toctive's queationing of tho beauti
ful child aroaaed our sympathy. We
asked the matron, Mra. De Brenna,
to let ua talk to hor.
In the great aitting room of
Waverley House, a comfortable,
homolike place, Genevieve received
03, The casual observer would have
thought that sho waa tho hostesa
vc
d we her guests at aftemoon tea. t
She smiled a sweet, sad smile
and drew from her bosom a tiny
picture, which she gazed at and
kissed in preoccupied fashion. Her
face i ? almost spirituelle.
"Your baby?" t-aid Mildred, hesi
tatingly. Knowing that Genevieve 1
had never been married she tried to :
i
be delicate about it.
"Yes," said Genevieve, with a far
away expression in her eyes. "And j
it almost seems a dream. lle lived '
such a short time that it, seems as i
if I just dreamed he was at all."
Mildred and I sighed and looked i
at the picture of the baby, a sweet-1
iooking youngster.
"That detective was a coarse- i
Iooking man," I said.
My conscience pricked me, because!
| I have met several very jolly hu
j man detectives In my work.
i
"Oh, he was very kind," said j
Genevieve, "he wasn't cross. He said '
i he was sorry to have to question me, j
Ithat he would hate to have his sister
| !
i in my place. The detective that
found me was a mean man, though.
I Ho came to where I was working
| and started right in being rough."
I Embarrassed Inquisdtors
Again Mildred and I were rather
embarrassed. You see, Genevieve
had been accused of having stolen
from oneof the big hotels where she
had been working. The missing
clothing had been found in a fur
nished room she had taken after
, leaving the hotel. However, we hated
j to accuse her of stealing, even in our
intimations. Genevieve didn't mind,
though. She went on blandly:
"1 knew I'd be caught after I hau
taken the thing.-. 1 tried to put them
back when I learncd that the hotel
people were Iooking for me. But it
was too late. The coat I took
wasn't very good, and the dress
didn't fit me. So I didn't want the
things, anyway, but it was too late
to get them back.
".My heart nearly stopped beat
ing when I saw that detective who
was after me. I went with' him,
and I said to him at once, 'Don't
my anything; I'll not try to get
iway.' But getting on the street
car and going along the street he
tried to yank my arm. And before
H
'HILE the girls are c-onfmcd at Wavcrh \, House an ? [fort is made to make th m fa l at home. Tht , assi mbh around a hia
ta?U oi tlu pl asant living room in the evenings and sew or do basket iveaoina
the chief came in at the hot 1 hc
talked to me av ful.
"The chief was very good to me.
lle said they didn't want to put me
in jail and would send me here for
a while. instead of putting me
away."
"Are any of your family here?"
I asked.
"Family!" said Genevieve with
great scorn. "There isn't anybocly
except a brother in B iston. He
has had a chance to help me and
wouldn't. 1 would never a ik Mr:
again.
"I came fre :.: Russia w ith an
aunt when I was very little"?the
faraway look returned to her eyes.
"My fal . r had married again, and
1 di '??.:': like his wife. So I live 1
with my aunt. My rather came to
'; i country before we did. My
. r t and l had 9 hard time i scap
:: g and when. we got to this coun?
try we had a hard time getting in
because of eye disease.'*
What Could One Expect?
The little "Russian" went on with
: ong story of hardships and v.r.
hapi v home condil iona. Mildred
and i were very sorry. What could
be expected of a girl who had no
more chance in life?
It reminded us of motion pic?
tures we had seen, I -uppose. Any
way, some suggestion br ught mov
ing pictures into the c iversation.
<1. nevieve told us mtich of them.
She had seen many more than ?
of us, and her criticisms wer ? i lever
and to tiie point.
Suddenly Mildred had a woneler
fui idea. She knew something of
the pictures, having b en in seve ral.
"Genevieve's face wquld screen
wonderfully," she said.
Genevieve was ..ri animation.
"Would yi u like that?" asked
Mildred.
Would she0 Xo need to answer.
'i i .r...;.,,,. we ...... .. .,,; :,_ Gene
'?'? ?'? was to be ] atient an i ?ood at
Waverley House. Mil Ired w< uld get
a i hance for hi r to be int roduced
into moving pictures or something,
however th ; get in. I?well, there
wasn't anything I could do except
to ler.d my moral support to the
project.
We left in high spirits. We felt
that we wer ? ?* dng to do something
t ^r one of our d iwntrodden si ' rs
and were glowing with sympathy
and a desire to do good. Frankly,
I was so captivatcd by G mi \ evi
that had the Wayerley House per?
mitted I should have taken hei hi
with me us a poor little sis er. F01
tunately, Waverley House does
act until it has made several
thorough investigations.
Yes, a Remarkable Girl
Our plans were laid ar.d the
proper opening." had b i . fi
getting Genevieve into lo r ch . ? i
profession. We felt that she ;'.
have. a chance to show tl ? wor! i
that she was the wonderful |
we thought her.
Mildred and I went back to Wa
verley House to see whether we coul I
take her out to tea to tell her thi
news and plan for the start she wa:
to have as a great picture star.
Mrs. De Brenna agreed with us
that Genevieve was an unusual girl
and far above the average mer;; l
ol those who come to Waverley
House. But she could not let her
go with us. To make a long story
short, Genevieve had been found to
be one of tha worst girls who had
ever come under the care of Waverley
House. The recommendation -/ould
be made that she be sent to an in
stitution. As Dr. Montague, the
psychiatrist of Waverley House,
said, there were many things Gene?
vieve might teach the delinquent
women in an institution, but there
was nothing she could learn from
them.
Genevieve had never beer, nearer
Russia than the moving picture
theater. She had a comfortal
home in Massachusetts and re
able parents who were willing to
take her back if slm would stay w th
them. The baby whose picture we
had seen, not her first, by the way,
she had tried to kill several times,
She had run away with the husban I
of one of her bcn< fact irs. She
had stolen since sho was n ne y ars
old. In fact, the investitj d
brought reports of a bad record for
the girl from a number of Pen
vania towns, from Boston and N.rew
York. Mentally aml physically,
tests showed that she was abo\
average.
The Professional Way
So much for the amateur investi
gator.
Waverley House has a corps of
trained women who fnvestigate the
cases of girls at the pre-d
age. Mrs. De Brenna,as th h id >f
the house, takes great pride in her
The Social Workers
Learn to Steel
Their Ilearts
work, an I it is through her personal
' rk with tnai y of these girla that
'?? of them have
been
"^'(' u ' their confidence," said
? ''??? Bi 'nna last week, "by
' ' ??'' faii v and never mis
' ' s< : ' ;:' ytl ing, Some of
'' "' ? tel] fantastic stories when they
: '' : ('"n^. But there ig a way to
; ?'?'- ''"?" :'' 'th al out each one. We
'" ,rk un*d we find it. I have seen
"?'? who, wh. n they finally make
:? their minds to tell the truth.
vi m greatly relieved."
The mental and phyaical exami
nati ?ns made by Dr. Montague also
tarry tiie investigation a long way.
She dei idea the cases according to
their mentality. Many are sent to
"?ylums for the insane, others to
' omes for the defective, and those
that average fairly high are the
< ^ses that call for deliberation.
Jr. these cases sometimes the girl
" ' I ack to h<-r parents Some
*'m,'s she is committed to an insti
tution, and sometimes she is put on
probation under the care of Waver?
ley House and a job is found for
her.
Waverley House was established
in NTew York City in 1908. It is a
e ? >rary home for delinquent
women, where they can remain un?
til their individual needs arestudied.
True and False
Soon after Waverley House w;;<
opened men and women interested
in the home met and formed the
Xew York Probation Association.
' ?? ' ? sociat ion at once assumed re
' ' ' lity for Waverley HoUi ai I
? I a program of reformative
and preventive work.
"'"'- '? distinctive thii g about Waver?
ley House is the individual method
' handling cases. After the girl
has ? .' ! her story, the Bupposediy
true on ?. i n invesl igati >n is made by
" ' : ? ? and interview with
i who may know her. By
? time ahe has be? n examined
mentally and physic_11y the results
of outside investigation are begin
i rig to come in. That it is not -af?
to accept the word of the house'*
gui st s s] own by th ? disiUuslW*"
tyself ??"?' ~ Idr sd in *???
j ..ard to Genevieve.

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