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R. GEORGE L. MEYLAty, of Columbia, who says the probiem of long life is easily solved ffT"^ IIF rules for achieving lon I gevity are comparatively JL fimple, accordlng to Dr. George L. Meylan, director of the Columbia Ui iversity gym i.-. im. The difficulty lies in fol? lowing tho rules. And then there is * .the question whether longevity is the best thing for the progress of the world, or, to get the probiem more into focus, Is it the best I foi tl e progress of the nation? Do - longevity mean slowing up? In fi t. a '? le held of speculation i; op< ne I whei one approaches tho compara tiv simple pr 1 li u of longevity. Perhaps the best way to do is to state the rules first and give one or two examples. Don't worry. Be moderate in everything. These are the only rules to achieve Iongevity. Jt should be noted that rule No. 2 refers especially to work. Fiftcen years, ago Dr. Meylan, at his summer camp in Maine, was swimming in the lake with his two boys, when Hezi kiah Lombard came "? in a rowboat. Hez< kiah was eighty-ninc years old. "Come along and have a swim," Dr. Meylan invited the old gentle man. "Don'l keer ef I do," r< plied Hez ekiah. ? He pulled his b iat up to the shore, Do You Want to Live Long? The Thing Is Easy, Says Dr. George L. Meylan, of Columbia. All to Do Is Refrain From Worrying and Be Moderate in All Things stripped and walked out onto the springboard. But he did not dive. "Jest thought I'd teeter a hit," he I explained, as he went back to the ' shore and waded in from the rocks. Hezekiah swam around for a quar | ter of an hour and then dressed and went back to his boat. "Jest Lazy*' Seven years ago next Easter Dr. 1 Meylan dropped in to see Hezekiah about 11 o'clock in the morning. For the first time in the. ninety seven years of his life the? old gen? tleman was not up and about. Dr. Meylan asked him if he was sick. "No," said Hezekiah, "jest kiml o' lazy." Dr. Meylan cxamined him and found (hat the circulation had ceased in his extremities. He suf fered no pain, however. Hezekiah himself was not aware that he was not functioning normally in every way. That aftemoon he died. It. was merely that the machinery stopped. "lt was the only pcrfect example I have ever seen," said Dr. Meylan, "of death from old age." Hezekiah Lombard worked all his life as a young man, sometimes in the lumber forests, sometimes on the lumber tows going down to Portland ? which was very hard work, indeed ? sometimes on the farm. As he began to get old r he dropped off tho harder kinds of work, and by the time ho was sev enty was not doing mlich except farming. At ninety he did a little hoeing in the gardi n, chopped some firewood occasionally nnd picked up chips and carried in wood for tho fire. By the time he. was ninety-five picking up chips and watching the fire from a comfortable seat were his share of the household duties. Dur? ing his last winter he merely watched the fire. His life was the essence of mod ' eration, savo in one particular. He neither smoked nor uaed alcohol in any form. Don't be too hasty. Hezekiah's brother, who lived to be ninety ; three, smoked moderately and drank moderately ail his life. Hezekiah'a son, seventy years old, who built two log houses last summer with hia own I ' hands and unassistod, both drinka ' and Emokes in moderation and al- j ways has done so. Dr. Meylan says the tostimony as ' to drinking and smoking is evenly balanced. The recorda do not. show, and twenty-five yeara of attentive study of tho problem of longevity : haa not developed that non-drinkers '. and non-smokers live longer than modorate drinkera and smokera. It . . the men who uso tobacco or al? cohol to excess who shorten their lives. And the cause is not alcohol or tobacco, but lack of moderation. Second eXample. Charles W. Eliot, president emeri lus of Harvard University, was born on March 20, 1834, within a couple of montha of eighty-five years ago. A few weeks ago Dr. Meylan sat beside Dr. Eliot at a dinner in Bos? ton. Dr. Eliot was in perfect health and full vigor. Dr. Meylan asked him to what he attributed his long and vigorous life. in its briefest form Dr. Eliot's answer was "'mod? eration in everything." Aml Dr. Meylan adda that any professor at Harvard who tried to duplicate President Eliot's working average would have killed himself in three years. Third example. There were two professors of mathematics working side by side in the same university. They were ap proximately the same age. One of them taught his subject, gave his class the. marks they deserved, and if they failed to pass it was their fault. The other worried over every student who failed tu come up to the standard. Neither of the professors 1 had any organic trouble. Both were apparently healthy men. The I should-worry professor is alive, healthy and happy. His eonfrere, who worried, died at fifty-tive. Caesar, for Example "It was a perfect example of wor- ; rying himself to death," said Dr. Meylan. Worry is evidently a matter of j temperament, but worry has so many different form3 that it probably has ; more to do with shortening life than lack of moderation in other respects. The conscientious man worries about his work. The ambitious man wor-1 ries about, his prospects. The am bitious man both worries and over worka. Ambition is a terrible handi? cap to the man who wants to live long. Worry shows itself in innumerable ways. It makes the naturally fat, man thin. It ruins the temper. It makes one nervous. It causes indiges-! tion. There is nothing worry cannot ' do. And the only thing the doctor can do ia to adviae hia patient not to worry. The doctor cannot exercise control. Ail he can do is to give ad-l vice, and it is up to the patient to j do the rest. It ia a matter of tem? perament and sclf-control. Also, it is somewhat a matter of faith. God tempers the wind to the ahorn lamb. Does He? With work it is another affair. For every man there is a positive limit to the amount. of work he can do, says Dr. Meylan. and that amount. can be determined with exactness. He says that with the wholehearted cooperation of the patient he can de terminc by observationa over a period of from six weeks to three months just how much work any man can do without danger to his health. Tiie worst of it is that a man can? not develop the ability to work longer. Nature has set the limits with each of us, and if we want to preserve life and health we must keep within those limits and not complain. If nature has said we can work only four hours a day, we must not be envious of the man to whom nature has given the strength to work seven hours. The thing for the four-hour-a-day man to do is to I learn to concentrate. so as to squeeze : as much accomplishment into his four hours as the other fellow can get in seven hours. It can be done. Edward Everett Hale was a fine example. He was j never a strong man. From boy- i hood ho was what wouid be called ' sickiy. Experiment convinced him that ho was a four-hour man and he ' made the rule never to work after midday. But he conccntrated during his four hours, and the result was that he nccomplished far more than ; the average man and lived longer' than the average man. One asks, Does it make any dif fercr.ee whether the work is of the outdoor variety?farming or fores try?-or mental effort? Dr Meylan saj*3 no. A farmer is limited in the amount of work he can safely do just the same as the writer or ana-i lyticj-,1 chemist Of course, there are things one can do better or with less effort than others, and by choosing the things ! one can do best and with the least effort one can accomplish moro in the specified working hours. But these things are immutable, just as the number of the working hours is im-' mutable. That is, if one is best suited I to one line of effort ono cannot by toil and study develop another qual- I ity or direction of effort into the dominant. A Dark Outlook In fact, it is extremely difficult, almost. impossible, to be optimistic ovew the probiem of longevity. There is something depressing about an in vestigation of it. It seems as though | the first rule should be "don't be ambitious." Dr. .Meylan admits it, The nation ' D R. ELIOT, president emeritus of Harvard, who attributes his long life to moderate livina that sets up longevity as its ideal,' he says, ls pretty sure to slow up in other directions. Progress means burning out. It means doing in five ! years what ordinary effort would ac complish in twenty years. If a na? tion is to adopt longevity as its greatest end, it must be content with the twenty year instead of the five year speed mark, or it must be con? tent to adopt the ideas of others in? stead of forming its own. lt must drop back into the position of the second or third rate plodder and be satisfied. The ether alternative is to select a few specially equipped leaders to bum themselves out and sacrifice themsclves for the progress of the nation. But who is to make the se lection and who is to repress the ambitions of those who are not' chosen? The problem ia too difflcult. It is paternalism gone mad. And there remains the other diffl culty that no one can develop facul ties with which nature has not endowed him. The best one can do Ls to cultivate to their highest point the facuities one has. If thia can be made the uniform practice cf the nation, in time a race of high-pow ered specialists wiil be developed that over the whole population of a country will cover the entire field of human endeavor, and then there. can be both longevity and progress. H. G. Wells prognosticatea a de cent winter climate for Xew York (in common with the rest of the earth) half a million yeara hence. In the same lenth of time. that for midable race of high-powered spe? cialists may be cultivated. Let's go 1 N I !. REAT many hui ln 1 ? oi have been written '.'. T"o v. ho have :i to succe is e>r fame, ' I ? hard cap of early pov thi is a sl ry of a womai attained international dis th ' pite rieI e :, and it ha feal ire lite as rema rkable as anv to I . L I in the na i rat ives ? ? ' elebi ities. .f than two years ago Mrs. '-'?' a Rae Drake had no individual ?''?'? nction beyond that of *<?' !e v known in New York ?? tl * ife of John \. Drake, i r and business partner of ie late John W. Gates; to ? i one of the * I rongest non in the friendship thal '? ' ' ? United States and Ital . i ? i the Fiunie controversy ?;'? o ' i ght and certain of our leaelers w re b< ing hotl '??''???- mned by the modern descend ?'?'* of the Roman Empire, thosi iame j eople were crow ding th *treei Lo pay homage to Mrs. Draki '??'? they vvelcomed as a personifi *'a' ':- ' !1 <? true spirit of Ami rica ?"rv! ' ? ? as a savior. Thus Mrs. '?'?? ? ' ough her activities, which ? ? ? ivar work, has served -nd conl ? ucs to serve the best in toresl i oi :? th nations. bought It a Time Killer When Mrs. Drake, by telephoning ?*> a fi w of her friends from her --partments in tho Vanderbilt Hotel, first undertook the formation of an ?rganizati "i that was to he known as the Ameriean Free Milk and Re '-ef for Italy, the general opinion was that, like a good many others, *?*-?- I a I lecided to dabbTe in war re? lief work, partly because lt was fash -onable and partly because the re -M-icted social activities due to the war left her with a lot of snare time t0 kill. But those who figured that way did so without knowing the real *?ula Drake or the tireless energy of Which she is possessed. *et if these people had stopped to think they might have seen right frorn tho start that Mrs. Drake In knded doing things. ln the first ------'e. it was fashionahle at the time *** aid France and Beigium. Mrs. ?Drake turned to Italy. Why? Be c--Uao she had been doing some JhfRS. JOHN ADAMS DRAKE, a New York woman, who became the idol of Italy thinking for herself and because she took the trouble to get herself per sonally well informed as to tho con? ditions there. Sho knew, and she had tho facta and figures aa proof, that the con? ditions in the war devaatated areas of Italy were quite aa bad aa those in France and Belgium. She had the figures about the coal shortage, the appalling milk shortage that was causing a horrible infant mortality, the influenza epidemic and the vast army of homeless orphana it pro? duced. AU tlmse things she atudied out and she got d< wiuto the funda? mental causes of ail this sufi'ering and consulted apecialiata as to the best methoda of relief. And ail thia while lier surround ings, even some of her friends, were tempting her back to the life of ease ar.d luxury. It was ail very well for her heart to go out to Italy. Doubtlesa that poor, dear country needed help, too, but why not send a check for a few thouaand to the Red Croaa or somebody and let them do the worrying? That was aome of the, advice she got, but that was just the kind she refused to listen With her social standing ?]1P na(j no trouble in getting the best names in the country on her list of mem? bers, but when it came to doing the work she soon found that she had to attend to that pretty much ail her? self. But that was no discourage ment. Did the Work Herself Having laid her groundwork, as, were, she turned one of her rooms: at the Vanderbilt into an office, in stalled a private telephone wire and went to work. lt wasn'l long before the money began to roll in. But thia money wasn't allowed to remain in the bank long. Just as soon as sufficient to make a shipment had been gathered it wa3 invested in dry milk and other supplies, which were rushed to Italy. From the Italian government Mrs. Drake obtained a grant of free transportation by land ar.d water for the goods, so Ll al practically every cent that was i .. lected was spent for supplies, wh ch was a strong point ir. favor of the i i rganization. Not content with her activities among the adults, Mrs. Drake or ganized the Bnmbino League, a ;'unior auxi! ry, and so started hun dreds of children to workii g in Italy, until the Bambino League grev, : have 5,000 members. Meanwhile, tho Italian branch of the main organization had been or gani/.ed. under the patronage of the Queen herself, and trained physi ciana and specialists carried on the work there un ier the supervision of Henry M. Rae, of Xew York, and Captain Piero V. Tozzi. While the war raged, and for a short time af terward, Mrs. Drake's organization supplementod the work of the Amer? ican Red Cro; i in Italy; but when the American Red Cross withdrew the vast relief work still to be dor.v fell upon tiie smallef organization; but Mrs. Drake kept right on, work? ing twelve and sixteen hours a day, and finally, wl cn thin - w< re going smoothly here. decided upon a per onal tour of inspection, to see if more could not be done. She went there, expecting to make quiet visits t i tho 230 institutions which are being supplied by her or? ganization, but instead the ship that took her over was greeted by the highest governmesto officials, and her tour became a series of ovations, ?>1 (P f* f* w "w %* i vec ' such as Italy probably has never ex tended to any other Ameriean wom? an. In Rome, in Naples, everywhere she went, tiie people in the streets cheered as she passed in her motor ,car, with military escort provided by the government, and the highest dig nitaries gave dinners and receptions in her honor ad decorated her with medals. Yet never for a moment did these demonstrations turn her head or clistract her from her work. There was Fiume. What differ >nrv did it make, from the human itarian point of view, who was inally to get that much eontested city? It was filled with children who were starving and must be saved. It wasn't an easy matter to "''!- ? upplii s into Fiume, but Mrs. Drake found a way, and they were ??'. enough to last three months. And, later, although sho had to vel in an automobile by night, he went to Fiume herself to see that the needy children actually got the supplies that had been sent. Here again her entry was turned into a sort of triumphal march, for Gabriele d'Annunzio and his entire staff came out to greet her and that other Xew York woman, Mrs. W. B. Thompson, who had accompanied her on the journey. Then through lanes of cheering people d'Annunzio took the two women to the Gov ernor's palace, where he had hi3 headquarters, and there gave a ban quet in their honor. Twice during the dinner d'Annun? zio was forced to go out upon a balcony and address the great crowds that had gathered. He spoke cf Ameriea in terms of highest praise, and then he took Mrs. Drake ami .Mrs. Thompson out with him a l the two were cheered as heart :'.;* as the poet himself. Then be? fore they left the soldier-poet gave Mrs. Drake a manifesto to the Ameriean people written in English hi his own hand and decorated her with the gold medal of Fiume. Received by the Pope And there were two other gold medals which Mrs. Drake brought home with her when sho returned he other day, one bestowed by the Mayor of Rome and the other by ?1 ? t resi lent of the Italian Red Cross, and so many othi r honor were heape d upon her thal it would i become tedious to list them all. QABRIELE D'ANNUNZIO'S message to New York sent through Mrs. Drake Even the Pope recognized her valu able service to Italy and i: vit d Mrs. Drake to the Vatican where during a half hour's conference he not only expressi d his grat Lude and gave Mrs. Drake an iiu'o graphed photograph of himself, but offered the codperation of the Cath olic Church in carrying on the relief But any one who goes to inter view Mrs. Drake will find it mighty hard to get anything out of her about the honors 'ha*. Italy bestowed upon her, for ?'n^ will talk only about the needa of that country, which she says is greatly misunder Btood. "1*, is not that Italy has not the ability to help herself," she saidj when seen in her office where, ever --in.ee the day after her return, she has been working away as busily as ever. ''The trouble i3 that she has nothing to work with. Every man and woman from the lowest to the highest ia workii g with every ounce of strength to save Italy. They have a wonderful organization that cove'i. the entire country and every? body works. "I met a young Italian naval offi cer, who, judging from appearances, might have b< en intereated only in a round of entertainmenta and flirtationa. The next day I saw him again at one of our institutions for orphans. He was helping to pre? pare food for ?jhe older children, He told me he was devoting fourj | days a week to this sort of thing which he called the after-the-war fight to save the country. His case was typical of the feeling with which every one there is imbued. "Italy is like a wounded soldier weak from loss of blood," continued Mrs. Drake. "But don't make a mis take," she added quickly. "Italy ia not begging for help. Her people are patient and long suffen'ng and highly appreciative of anything that is done with love; but they ask for nothing. They are fighting on in the same spirit with which they foughl tho war. In her reconstruction work Italy is making a record second to none among the countries of Europe. and she is doing it practically un aided aml against tremendous odds. "Xo one is helping to rebuild Northern Italy, devastated by th? Austrians; nobcdy is sending any money or raw materials over there for that: purpose, yet the rebuild ing is going on and has been almost since the day the armistice was signed. And how are they doing it? The poor peasants are g< >.g back to " ie wreckage that was once their home and are rebuilding houses out of the ruins, and they are doing the work splendidly and without com plaint. Asks Square Deal "It is this unconquerable spirit which has caused me to become such a warm admirer of the entire na? tion, ar.d I am sure that every Ameriean who would stop to learn the truth about Italy would feel the same way about it. Oh, if I could only make my own Ameriea see things as they really are I arn sure Italy would get a square deal. "Politics do not interest me. I only know what I saw, and I believe I know the heart of the Italian peo? ple, and it holds only love for Ameriea. Everywhere I went 1 found this to be true. In Fiume, when d'Annunzio made his speeeh in praise of Ameriea, the people cheered wildly for fully five min? utes, and a great crowd, as you know. always expresses its true sen timents. "There are strong blood ties be? tween the two nations, and politics should not be allowed to east a cloud over this natural friendship. Deati tute as the nation is, without coal or food or medieines, Itaiy wants the love and respect of Ameriea more than any of these material things. She wants our sympathy and our appreciation of the v.t.il part she played in the war. Poor Italy wrecked herself in helping to bring about the victory, and yet there are so few who will gi\ heroic nation her just dues o -w.-'.i even recognize her sacritices."