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Mr. Wilson Or
The Nebraskan Comments 011 the Clash Between Himself and the President By Edward S. Van Zile (The folloiving intern'ew, hitherto unpublished, presents the mental al tihidc of Mr. B)-yan on the afternoon succeeding his historic Jackson Day speeches at Washington, D. C., on tiie night of January S. Mr. Van Zile traveled with Mr. Bryan from Washington to Harper':; Ferry on the afternoon of January 9.) ' ? ?T~JRESIDEXT WILSOX is g only a man, and, like ail humans, fallible." So said William Jcn nings Bryan to me the day after the- famoua Jackson banquet, o?i the Chicago Limited, leaving Washing? ton at 1:35. Despite the fact that he had been up until the amall hours, making two historic speeches at a doublc-barreied J3emocratie . dinner and had dropped a high ex plosive shell into the army he had so often led to battie, he looked fit and energetic and in trim to make what may turn out to be the fight of hia none-too-peaceful career. "My speeches last night," he went on to say, after we had seated our selves in the dining car for a be :ated luncheon, "were prepared be? fore I had seen the President's let? ter. I didn't know the position he had taken until his communication was read at the banquet. It is only fair to say, however, that if I had been cognizant of the contents of Mr. Wilson's letter it would have made no difference in my utterances last evening." The Power of 1 ruth Mr. Bryan'a mouth closed with a map, his eyes flashed snd the stub born expression on his clean-cut Face, less rotund than it used to be, indicated that the Great Commor.cr > as not born to be a compromiser, "The President is enly a man," ? repeated presently. "You see. l suths do not obt-ain their strcnglh from those uho utter them- though imy do give strength to those who lespouse them. Mr. Wilson's rec 1 ommendations must depend for their I value upon their own strength and not unon his authority as an of ficial." Mr. Bryan paused for a moment and, though he had admitted that he was hungry, gazed down indiffer ently at the t'ood the waiter had set before him. Prescntly he went on: "The Constitution, which confers upon the President the right to make rocommendations to Congress, also confers upon Ccngress the right to ignore them." After a short silence he remarked, in a gentler tone: "I'm not sure that the President's letter can be fairly construed as a refusal in advance to accept any compromise that the Senators might agree upon. The word 'interprctative' may, oi course. cover a very wide range. If 1-y tiie word 'accompanying' Mr. Wilson means that, the interpreta tions must not be a part of the rati fying resolutions, he makes compro? mise more difficult. Xevertheless, Jthe Senators in favor of ratification may come together on some common ground making ratification possible. and thus throw upon the Presi? dent the respoiisibiiity of deciding whether he wiil send the treaty to the Allies with reservations or with hold it." A Father of Aiiu*2Hliiiriits "As ,i prcphet, Mi. Bryan. what do you predict as the outcome of the tangle?" ? "I'm not prophesying," replied the protagonist of a great historical drama, one scene of which he had dominateel the night before; "I'm only hoping, My great desire i* for a speedy compromise on the ques? tions at. issue and immediate ratifi? cation tf the treaty." "You obtain a good many things you strive for, .Mr. Bryan," I sug gesl .1 presently, after my vis-a-vis had paid sufficienl attention to our LtttU George: "Did you ever see such an unsociable creature? No matter how much I tickle him with this pretty spike, he Simply won't be tame." ?-From The Star, London' "^"TT 7"HEN the Germans invaded \/\/ France in 1914 Charle ville was chosen as the then Kaiser's headquar ters, which rcmained there for two years. A Charleville editor, M. Domelier, whose publication was suppresscd by the Germans, had oc? casion to observe at close range the Hoings of the Ail Hig'nest, the Crown Prince nnd their suite, and after ward described his experiencea in a series of highly interesting articles in the "Kcho de Paria." These ar ticlea have now been issued in book form, under the title "Aa G. Q. G. Allemand," with a prcface by Mau? rice Barr.s, of the French Academy. "The London Daily Mail" prints the following extracta from the testi mony of thia vigilant and clever wit ness: "Williclm II was attended by a vcritable army of domestics. He changed his clothes several times a day, putting on clean linen and clea.'i* silk socks. His majesty disdained plebeian footgear, Everything witl. him was show. He knew i f N'a poleon's simplicity in the field, and himjeif slept on a camp bedstead, lacquered white, but inster.d of erect ing it in a tent, placed it in a sump : tuous villa, which he had thoroughly ' protected against air raids by a solid : armoring of concrete. j "His terror of air raids was enter | '..'lining to the people, and the French ; airmen gave him a very lively time. ! in April, 1915, they dropped a i bomb only 200 feet from hi? villa and four more within 800 feet. After this he changed his sleeping place constantly. A year later the French population heard the hum m ng of th" acroplanes and saw 'imposing colonels, fat majors, ter rified ficld-grays and ? -tcited police men rushing in the scantiest cos tume' for shelter. The servants and soldiers of the Kaiser's train. which was kept at Charleville, bolted for a dugout just as a bomb fell on i* and were killed to a man: 'the chief engineer, a personal friend of the Emperor; the head guard, the cooks and the other attendants met death in the panic flight of terror.' " Vfter thi; '.'.' 11 .- i i loft hi : villa ar.d retired to a house at a distance where iris quarters were protected by very strong steel netting, held ily a. luncheon to take the edge off his appetite. "I recently heard you ; called 'the Father of Constitutional ; Amendments."" Mr. Bryan smiled, somewhat dep recatingly, aa he said: "1 don't want to take credit that doesn't be'.ong to me, of course. I was not a pioneer in prohibition leg , islation, much less its originator. j But I began fighting the saloona in ; Nebraska in 1910, when county op ! tion was the issue. It wasn't until ; 1915 that 1 took up the subject of national prohibition." "As for other amendments," went on the Great Connnoner presently, "I've taken considerable part in bringing about popular election of Senatora, in establishing the income tax and in furthering tiie cause of woman suffrage, the latter about lo bc made nation wide by Federal amendment. For over twenty years I've been advocating government ownership of the telegraph, and for the last. iifteen years furthered the : cause ci government-run railroads. i 'believe that there should be Federal ow ?rship of long-distance linec? that is, trnnk lines?and state owner ship of local lines. This difieremtir , tion in control should apply also to telephone lines. My project in regard to the railroad;- differs aom.what 1 from the Piumb plan, in that the lat , ter contemplates national ownership of ail lines. The basic pririciple, how- ! lever, is the same." t "But, Mr. Bryan," 1 interposed, i "didn't our experiment during the war in government ownership of railroads, telephones, telegraphs and ' a ies recult so disastrously that the Vmerican people, for the most part, desire the return of national utili ties to private control?" Says Sentiment Grows Mr. Bryan dropped hia knife and fork an 1 turned to gazc ai me sternly. "The sentiment in favor of gov? ernment ownership has grown by leaps and bounds," ho asserted em phatically. "I will admit that many of our people who had become con verts to government ownership dur? ing the war have ha 1 their inin Is di turbod und c u fuse 1 of late through rnisreprescntations made by the railroad interest-". Then ha-' jyiLLiAM JENNINGS BRYAN, from a pholbgraph taken at the Jackson Day dinner in Washington long been in existence in this country a m >st pernicious triple alliance. Tho raiiroads, through their 1 ank ing interests, exert a controlling in fiu ince over most of our big dailies. The railroad side of all question ? af fi '..?..- their status gets wide pub licity through the controlled presr", v, hile the other : i lo, which is my side, finds difficultv in getting a hearing. The Rarilrpnris in Politics "La:" night, at tho Jackson Day dinners, 1 exhibitcd to my audiences an advertisemen! covering more than half a page in a small provin cial daily, published by an associa? tion of railroad executivcs and backed by all the railroad systems in the country. it was an outward and visible sign of the method pursued by tho railroads to influence public opinion. They hirc space in the newspapers, both great and small, and get their case before the jury of public opinion by the expenditure of large amounts of money for ad vertising space. Their opponents have no facilities for combating this method of propaganda." "How does all this affect practical politics, Mr. Bryan'.'" I queried, when the Great Commoner had re allible, R 1 sumed his seat after rising to shake hands with a temperamental Virgin '. ian who had asscrted that he had ropeatedly voted for Bryan for President and expected to do so again. "The railroads are more deeply immersed in politics at present than they ever were before," replied Mr. Bryan sweepingly. "And their ac tivity in this line will continue until government owmeVship is accom plished. lt is possible, you know, to regulate a private monopoly. But the interest of a big monopoly in preventing regulation is so great that it gocs into politics in order that it. may control the political des tinies of those who, by election to office, obtain the power of regula? tion. The more stringent the laws relating to regulation are made, the greater is' the stake which the mo nopoly has in elcctions. Take mu? nicipal franchises for a source of political corruption. And the politi? cal crime, originating in municipal affairs, connected with franchises, etc, is raised to the ?nth power in cahoots with monopolies whoso scope of influence is larger than a town or city." \ Radical Distinction "Are Ameriean governmental in stitutions in grave peril at present, Mr. Bryan?" 1 qucried presently. "There is discontent and unrest in this countrly, as there 13 in the world at large," he replied, after a thoughtful silence. "There is much loose thinking and Ioose talk in? . Ameriea to-day. But the real point at issue is not complicated and can be stated in perfectly clear lan? guage. Any man who advocates a change in our government by force puts himself in the same class as those who actually resort to force. There is no logical distinction be? tween the agitator who advocates the ov-.ri.hrow* of our institutions by unconstitutional means and the law breaker who employs direct action j to accomplish this purpose. But there is a clear distinction between the advocacy of changes in our in? stitutions to be effected by constitu tional methods and the employment of, frea speeeh, or a free press, for . furthering the overthrow of constl tutional government. Advocacy of j | amendments to our Constitution is not disloyalty, advocacy of its de struction by force is disloyalty." Republiean Optimisiii "I'vc recently been in touch with . the leaders of the Republican party,' Mr. Bryan. They seem to be confi f _ _ _?* 14 CllCPt* f A Frencliman Who Remained iii Charleville Throughout Fighting Has Written of the .411 Highest's Martial r the 'oses?In Deadly Fear of Air Raid s up by pistoii aupporta which would yield to a blow, with a very strong atcel grating underneath. _ven this did not satisfy him. He had a ahelter of concrete, three feet thick, con structed over his bed on huge steel supports; and in tho garden a great concreted dugout '.'.'as prepa ? d, which was lighted with electricity and capablo of holding thirty per? sons. Numerous batteries were es tablished to protect him, and when he went about he was followed by an anti-aircraft gun on a motor. "Unlike his sons, he lived simply. Thus, on December 27. 1914, the royal dinner consisted of roast fowl, cold venison with salad, and sweets, The state banquet on his birthday, January 27, 1915, was a little less frugal. It consisted of caviar nnd sparkling wine, thick venison soup with fine hock, garnished fowls with 1906 Heidsieck, pate de foie gras and. 1878 Chatenu Montrose, rice and fruit, and sweets. But his ordinary drink was beer, with hock or Moselle at dessert. "He made a large bathroom by knocking down the partition walls of the house in which he iived; fur-! niture was provided for him by req uisition (or. as tho French called it, theft). Even then he had takei to cutting down trees. 'By-passers were astonished to see the German sovercign strip his field murshai's tunk and 1'all on the magnifici t trees which surrounded the i iuse, They laughed or shrugged their shoulders; the Kaiser-workman did not impose upon them. He distrib ute 1 the wo >d v hich he chopped up among poor families. His arm was, without spending a halfpenny, by using the true owner's wood, to ? b tain sympathy.' The French noted that nc was mean as well as heart- j ? e.-s. He allowed the girls and women who had been taken by force from Lillo to lab >r m his sight on the land. " i ittle Willie' lived in a far more riotous fashion. Like his father. he showed no desire to risk his life at the front. Ludendorff nnd Hindenburg treated him as a more cipher. 11" spent ::.u-n of his time with a Frem h girl, Gabrielle Si urier, and drank to exeess 'till the orderlies were cbligcd to carry him home dead elrunk.' When his ; '-'".ii v, ar tt d to send a present to the Crown 1'rinco.s Cecilie they stole a valuable book, the 'Ardennes lllustree.s,' from a private library, and on their flight they loft the offices they had used in sut h a state of filth that the French troops, when they arrived, found the stench .-'?> great as almost to require gas masks." HPHAT was in the golden age of German royalty. Times have changed since, and the other day i"Thc London Daily Express" report? ed that the belongings of the ex l*ung of Bavaria will he sold at pub? lic auetion by his erstwhile faithful su.bjects. 'i he Beriin corresponder.t j of "The Express" says the ex-King of Bavaria has made a written pro- ; test against this arrangement. Ac- j cording to the "Zeitung am Mit tag," a beginning has not y< t been : made with the indemnificaticn of ' the royal house. 1 : Munieh governmem. "The Express" continues, some moi th ; ago offered $25,000 as an install ment, but the King declined. He is ow depenclent on ln lp from relatives. AC< ORDINgIo '"The Londoti i '..i... News, a ra ary i 55,1 0 a '? "*''" :'; ?'? i g i egging. Mr. W. F. Hurndall, of Camberwell, wei! kn ?\vn I in the spir tui '1 :. ? ?,- ? -' |, : to guarante that arm unt to a "phys ical or materializing medium" who convinces him of being genuine. 'By a physical or materializing medium," he explained, "I mean a med-him who is capablc, say, of g tables ar.d chairs to rise '' -' ? -: ihe employment of any out- ' side agency or r.f persuading di i r to open and shut. ln thirty yi ars' experience 1 have failed to find any one who could convince me of his ability to do those things. Claims have frequently been made, but as ? r as I am aware no satisfactory demonstration has ever been given of so-called 'table turning.' " if Air. llurndall succeeds in find i."g a genuine medium he purposes to arrange demonstrations in public and anticipates no difliculty in at tracting enough interest to justify the payment of $5,000 a year salary. "The Daily News" con cludes: "To our notion Mr. Hurn dail is quite a?clever investor." ^PROPOS of the recent attempt on the life of Lord French,the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, a correspond ent rcports in 'The Manchcster Guardian" that, according to opinion prevalent at Dublin, his excellency escaped death only by traveling in the first car of his pi'ocession instead of the second, as had been his cus tom. That he was expected to be in the second car is sufficiently attested by the fact that it. was tho principa! object of the attack. The correspondent then proceeds: "ff this be so, it is"a really re markable parallel to the similar change by which the Czar Alexander :1 escaped assaaaination in Novem? ber, ' 379. At that time he waa al rcady a marked man. The Nihiliat 'executive committee' had deter mined to have hia life; he had been shct at in St. Petersburg, and he had only escaped from a violent bomb explosion in the dining room cf the imperial palace because he chanced to be late for dinner. Then the Nihilists decided to blow him up while im was return ing by railway with his family from his residence in the Crimea to tho capital. A mine was to be laid under the line in Mos? cow, the progress 0f the imperial train was to be reported from point to :? int, and at tho proper moment the niine was to be fired. 'There were, however, two impe? rial trams. Tbv, general rule was that the first was given up to the staff and baggage, while the imperial family traveded in the second. When the day came and the mcssages from the N'ihilist confederates in the south reported that the Czar was on his way, the first train was allowed to pass the mine. The second was duly blown up. But on the journey the Czar's personal train had gone in front and become the first in order, so that while the Nihilists were blowing up the staff ar.d lug gage the Czar went smoothly on his waytoSt. Petersburg. The conspira tors followed immediately after him and mingled unsuspected among the crowd which greeted him on his first public appearanee in the capital. The change of trains, which was due to the deliberate design of the police to baffle any attaek during] the journey, did not save the Czar! for long. He was destroyed by bomhs in the streets of St. Peters? burg in .March, 1881, by conspirators acting, as before, under the orders of the executive committee." TT-HAT a wife'a cigarette smoking cannot be allowed as a ground for separation was the opiruon an? nounced the other day by a judge in a .\<-w York court. The indignant husband, who supported his petition by a reference t" his wife's addiction to tiie weed, may be intcrested in the case of Mrs. Mabel Walenn, whose address is Louarn, Chatsworth Road, Willesden Grcen, London, X. \V. '2. This lady has recently communicated the following letter to the editor of "The I.of.don Daily Mail": ."~'ir: Having just I'aislieJ hmcli eon, 1 have an usual sat down to my Daily Mail" and?my pipe. I hnve smoked pipes and cigars tor many years. 1 don't care about ("igarettes. I have colored several calabashes and possess two pmes by :? well known maker my last a s:ro.^ht cut, ?1 be: utj : All my friends know t -??i*o'-s?. ar.d a* I have eight brotbers-in-law 1 don't come of? badly for cigar.-*. 1 doa't thmk I should imoke ? Ar. Bryan Says l . - Federal Control of the Railroads Is Growing in Favor, the Commoner Belicves dent of a Republican victory in 1920." The Great Commoner indulged in an enigmatic smile. He, of course, never has engaged in gamea of chance, outside of politics, but nature endowed him with a perfect control of his faciai muscles ar.d internal emotiona that would have made him, had he wiahed to be, a great poker player. 1 "The optimism of the Republi cana," he remarked presently, "is easily explained. When the weather ia hazy, objecta Iook larger at a dis? tance. The Presidential election is nearly a year in the future. The political atmosphere ia extremely misty. It ia easy for optimists to see what they wish to aee in a fog. But you will find that even the rosi est Republican predictions at pres? ent are modified by varioua ifs.' The Dcmocrats take the liberty of adding to the list of Republican 'ifs.' ! The Republicans say: if our party , is united.' The Dcmocrats para ? phrase this by saving: 'If the rec , ord of the Republican Congress is '? pleaaing to the public' You see, ! both ifs' suggest uncertainties. It j ia much easier for the Republican.* ; to unite in criticism than in con istruction. Thus far. since it came , into power in Congress, the unity of | the Republican party has been of the negatlve brand." Women for the Right "The women are in tho saddle j politically, Mr. Bryan," I remarked. "They are?and they know how, | and where, to ride," he conimented instantly. "The Federal suffrage |amendmeat will be ratified in time | for Ihe women of the nation to take part in the next Preaidential election and perhapa in the nominating con ventions. Believing, as I do, that the Democratic party will stand on the right side of the great moral issues involved in the coming contest, 1 fcel sure that the Democratic pla form will appeal to large n imbers of women technically at this moment outside of our party. 1 expect to see an overwhelming majority of the women voters of th i nation flocking to our standard this year." "Were you surpriaed at the achicvementa of our soldiers in [Europe, Mr. Bryan?" I qn?rie(j changing the subject on the can*. rather abruptly. "I was amazed at the rapidity r.t our mobilization and at the -nwi ?loss sustained in getting our troop, to the other side. If, before th, great feat was accompl -ho ] 0f coi veying several -? fightin*-* Amerieans acrosa th'ousands of mil?! of perilous waters. the most gas. guine patriot had predicted the mna. ber of our troopa to be transporte-J in a year he'd have fallen far shor. of the grand total. As for the mili tary achievements of cur men u Europe, there was came for less as tonishment, as we've always had a high opinion of the fighting qnalj. ties of our Ameriean soldiers." "You're right, colonel," I mur. mured, bringing my hand to the salute, as Bryan smiled at me rem: niscently. l!i<- Republican Platform "Chairman Hays of the Republi? can National Committee is an lnno vator, Mr. -Bryan. He's going to trv an experimont in platform making." "What is it?" craeried the Great Gommoner, a veteran writer of plat? form ?, inte re sted! y. "He has appointed a committee of sixty prominent Republican men End women to get to work at once to formulate platform suggestions to be submitted to the party conven? tion in June." "I don't consider the scheme prac tically valuable," commented Mr. Bryan unl esit iting y. "There are many objectii rs to it. A platform should be the embodiment oi what the party stands for at the time of the convention. A platform should be written by delegates c m ng sl raight from the * eoj le. No con hope to m a hit with ?? p :bl c if it :: ; ed :, mai dati to n ? the do . line." <: ..- tra ii ivas dr iw n into iiar per's 1 'erry, and I bade a has! y :'are well to Mr. Bryan, to catch a * air. back to Washingti n. Did 1 e, i r did he ii t, cai ry 11." future f th' Demw ratic por*; ?? -,- he ? ? way to Cl * ted I had ju.-t Ii ?": .' ? ? ?? ' i ? ?? . ? '??? i cigar at a hotel or a restaurai t, aa it would necessitate my taking ?, tablf too far from my neighbors' l>ut I alwaya have a cigarette o in these places. If it came to a ihoice between ' i o pudding" or "no pipe" it would ci r tainly be "n0 pudding." I average al ou.1 four pipes a lay and a cigar in the evening wi! husband over .'^ game of ch? ? rfVXE of the most fascinating prob lems of the borderlan I where physical science and psycho'.ogica science touch. upon what is commonly called miraculous is presented by the faculty of some individuala to divine the hidden presence of water or of different metal-. Every now and then the newspapera record an instance of this mysterious forc The last occurrence of the kind is reported by "The Lon lon Daily E.\ press," whose correspondent writes from Ash Vale, a village of western England: "Mrs. Lacey, wife of the vicar of Ash Vale, r.eur A ler hot, is :i wom m diviner of water who doea not use a rod. She i:> in thi respect r ? to S.ipper Kelly, the diviner of Gal lipoli fame. "She ia also susci . tible thi igh ;?> a lesspr dotrree. to th,' presence of gold, and on one occasion 'divined' h sovHre:-'i carefully conceal d under a thick hearthrug '"I discovered my powera quite Hy accident,' said Mra. Lacey to me. '.V rail'.vay line was being con.ur_ct,-d near my home m .lo.cesters.hire, and Sunday ? ' ron de, Manchi ster professi ? .; livlners tvci e b ng fin 1 dotect I he ; res nc< ol FBter. '??':? i ' ?? . i [ie - ' ?'? ?'? the liviri ? hazel ' "';-' ? I fo ind ? com munic ited to i . arm nd I ilv lyi now pn nee oi vat ? " 'I found afte ' ' ' ????'? ri ii wil use of twigs. \\ ' ? ie sui i ? ? ?? ition o i ti enn ndous u hing. J h after effoi t ia ncr i : .' on, w . i ? henrt, and for 1 hus? band objeci ? ?<> ?:.. , .. t ? ??:?; o en " '' had been coverci '??? uei 1 he r . ? n ? idi d ?., rs ? ? . ? ? ? ' '????? ' ? ; ' ? .'.??-? :? i., ? .. ?ted ' 1 v >.,???? ? .? ' work, :? ?'?.?? bonn ? isi selected spot, changed hi* mind .' tl ?< n. '.'. r was '' '?! n I ... ? _- . ' f hei - o .? : i dr. i Water ?- : nt f .: in the listricl a few steps'Mra Lace -ma, which she he i ... ?' ? :' ?'"?? > bi n mvi ble foi re I ? "' ? - for e and foui d lha i ; I ?" tb e i ince \ ' "? ' ' Il s I ?? . ..? . ^ ncavierunti I me ? ? ? gasj s, and at th.real ' r mother, who was pr m1 h? L ? ^aj_t the demonstration to a close."