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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, February 01, 1920, Image 84

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Mr. Wilson Or
The Nebraskan Comments 011
the Clash Between Himself
and the President
By Edward S. Van Zile
(The folloiving intern'ew, hitherto
unpublished, presents the mental al
tihidc of Mr. B)-yan on the afternoon
succeeding his historic Jackson Day
speeches at Washington, D. C., on
tiie night of January S. Mr. Van
Zile traveled with Mr. Bryan from
Washington to Harper':; Ferry on
the afternoon of January 9.) '
? ?T~JRESIDEXT WILSOX is
g only a man, and, like ail
humans, fallible."
So said William Jcn
nings Bryan to me the day after
the- famoua Jackson banquet, o?i the
Chicago Limited, leaving Washing?
ton at 1:35. Despite the fact that
he had been up until the amall
hours, making two historic speeches
at a doublc-barreied J3emocratie
. dinner and had dropped a high ex
plosive shell into the army he had
so often led to battie, he looked fit
and energetic and in trim to make
what may turn out to be the fight
of hia none-too-peaceful career.
"My speeches last night," he went
on to say, after we had seated our
selves in the dining car for a be
:ated luncheon, "were prepared be?
fore I had seen the President's let?
ter. I didn't know the position he
had taken until his communication
was read at the banquet. It is only
fair to say, however, that if I had
been cognizant of the contents of
Mr. Wilson's letter it would have
made no difference in my utterances
last evening."
The Power of 1 ruth
Mr. Bryan'a mouth closed with a
map, his eyes flashed snd the stub
born expression on his clean-cut
Face, less rotund than it used to be,
indicated that the Great Commor.cr
> as not born to be a compromiser,
"The President is enly a man,"
? repeated presently. "You see.
l suths do not obt-ain their strcnglh
from those uho utter them- though
imy do give strength to those who
lespouse them. Mr. Wilson's rec
1 ommendations must depend for their
I value upon their own strength and
not unon his authority as an of
ficial."
Mr. Bryan paused for a moment
and, though he had admitted that
he was hungry, gazed down indiffer
ently at the t'ood the waiter had set
before him. Prescntly he went on:
"The Constitution, which confers
upon the President the right to make
rocommendations to Congress, also
confers upon Ccngress the right to
ignore them." After a short silence
he remarked, in a gentler tone: "I'm
not sure that the President's letter
can be fairly construed as a refusal
in advance to accept any compromise
that the Senators might agree upon.
The word 'interprctative' may, oi
course. cover a very wide range. If
1-y tiie word 'accompanying' Mr.
Wilson means that, the interpreta
tions must not be a part of the rati
fying resolutions, he makes compro?
mise more difficult. Xevertheless,
Jthe Senators in favor of ratification
may come together on some common
ground making ratification possible.
and thus throw upon the Presi?
dent the respoiisibiiity of deciding
whether he wiil send the treaty to
the Allies with reservations or with
hold it."
A Father of Aiiu*2Hliiiriits
"As ,i prcphet, Mi. Bryan. what
do you predict as the outcome of the
tangle?"
? "I'm not prophesying," replied the
protagonist of a great historical
drama, one scene of which he had
dominateel the night before; "I'm
only hoping, My great desire i* for
a speedy compromise on the ques?
tions at. issue and immediate ratifi?
cation tf the treaty."
"You obtain a good many things
you strive for, .Mr. Bryan," I sug
gesl .1 presently, after my vis-a-vis
had paid sufficienl attention to our
LtttU George: "Did you ever see such an unsociable
creature? No matter how much I tickle him with this pretty
spike, he Simply won't be tame." ?-From The Star, London'
"^"TT 7"HEN the Germans invaded
\/\/ France in 1914 Charle
ville was chosen as the
then Kaiser's headquar
ters, which rcmained there for two
years. A Charleville editor, M.
Domelier, whose publication was
suppresscd by the Germans, had oc?
casion to observe at close range the
Hoings of the Ail Hig'nest, the Crown
Prince nnd their suite, and after
ward described his experiencea in a
series of highly interesting articles
in the "Kcho de Paria." These ar
ticlea have now been issued in book
form, under the title "Aa G. Q. G.
Allemand," with a prcface by Mau?
rice Barr.s, of the French Academy.
"The London Daily Mail" prints the
following extracta from the testi
mony of thia vigilant and clever wit
ness:
"Williclm II was attended by a
vcritable army of domestics. He
changed his clothes several times a
day, putting on clean linen and clea.'i*
silk socks. His majesty disdained
plebeian footgear, Everything witl.
him was show. He knew i f N'a
poleon's simplicity in the field, and
himjeif slept on a camp bedstead,
lacquered white, but inster.d of erect
ing it in a tent, placed it in a sump
: tuous villa, which he had thoroughly
' protected against air raids by a solid
: armoring of concrete.
j "His terror of air raids was enter
| '..'lining to the people, and the French
; airmen gave him a very lively time.
! in April, 1915, they dropped a
i bomb only 200 feet from hi?
villa and four more within 800 feet.
After this he changed his sleeping
place constantly. A year later the
French population heard the hum
m ng of th" acroplanes and saw
'imposing colonels, fat majors, ter
rified ficld-grays and ? -tcited police
men rushing in the scantiest cos
tume' for shelter. The servants and
soldiers of the Kaiser's train. which
was kept at Charleville, bolted for
a dugout just as a bomb fell on i*
and were killed to a man: 'the chief
engineer, a personal friend of the
Emperor; the head guard, the cooks
and the other attendants met death
in the panic flight of terror.'
" Vfter thi; '.'.' 11 .- i i loft hi : villa
ar.d retired to a house at a distance
where iris quarters were protected
by very strong steel netting, held
ily a.
luncheon to take the edge off his
appetite. "I recently heard you
; called 'the Father of Constitutional
; Amendments.""
Mr. Bryan smiled, somewhat dep
recatingly, aa he said:
"1 don't want to take credit that
doesn't be'.ong to me, of course. I
was not a pioneer in prohibition leg
, islation, much less its originator.
j But I began fighting the saloona in
; Nebraska in 1910, when county op
! tion was the issue. It wasn't until
; 1915 that 1 took up the subject of
national prohibition."
"As for other amendments," went
on the Great Connnoner presently,
"I've taken considerable part in
bringing about popular election of
Senatora, in establishing the income
tax and in furthering tiie cause of
woman suffrage, the latter about lo
bc made nation wide by Federal
amendment. For over twenty years
I've been advocating government
ownership of the telegraph, and for
the last. iifteen years furthered the
: cause ci government-run railroads. i
'believe that there should be Federal
ow ?rship of long-distance linec?
that is, trnnk lines?and state owner
ship of local lines. This difieremtir
, tion in control should apply also to
telephone lines. My project in regard
to the railroad;- differs aom.what
1 from the Piumb plan, in that the lat
, ter contemplates national ownership
of ail lines. The basic pririciple, how- !
lever, is the same." t
"But, Mr. Bryan," 1 interposed,
i "didn't our experiment during the
war in government ownership of
railroads, telephones, telegraphs and '
a ies recult so disastrously that the
Vmerican people, for the most part,
desire the return of national utili
ties to private control?"
Says Sentiment Grows
Mr. Bryan dropped hia knife and
fork an 1 turned to gazc ai me
sternly.
"The sentiment in favor of gov?
ernment ownership has grown by
leaps and bounds," ho asserted em
phatically. "I will admit that many
of our people who had become con
verts to government ownership dur?
ing the war have ha 1 their inin Is
di turbod und c u fuse 1 of late
through rnisreprescntations made by
the railroad interest-". Then ha-'
jyiLLiAM JENNINGS BRYAN, from a pholbgraph taken
at the Jackson Day dinner in Washington
long been in existence in this country
a m >st pernicious triple alliance.
Tho raiiroads, through their 1 ank
ing interests, exert a controlling in
fiu ince over most of our big dailies.
The railroad side of all question ? af
fi '..?..- their status gets wide pub
licity through the controlled presr",
v, hile the other : i lo, which is my
side, finds difficultv in getting a
hearing.
The Rarilrpnris in Politics
"La:" night, at tho Jackson Day
dinners, 1 exhibitcd to my audiences
an advertisemen! covering more
than half a page in a small provin
cial daily, published by an associa?
tion of railroad executivcs and
backed by all the railroad systems in
the country. it was an outward and
visible sign of the method pursued
by tho railroads to influence public
opinion. They hirc space in the
newspapers, both great and small,
and get their case before the jury
of public opinion by the expenditure
of large amounts of money for ad
vertising space. Their opponents
have no facilities for combating this
method of propaganda."
"How does all this affect practical
politics, Mr. Bryan'.'" I queried,
when the Great Commoner had re
allible, R
1 sumed his seat after rising to shake
hands with a temperamental Virgin
'. ian who had asscrted that he had
ropeatedly voted for Bryan for
President and expected to do so
again.
"The railroads are more deeply
immersed in politics at present than
they ever were before," replied Mr.
Bryan sweepingly. "And their ac
tivity in this line will continue until
government owmeVship is accom
plished. lt is possible, you know, to
regulate a private monopoly. But
the interest of a big monopoly in
preventing regulation is so great
that it gocs into politics in order
that it. may control the political des
tinies of those who, by election to
office, obtain the power of regula?
tion. The more stringent the laws
relating to regulation are made, the
greater is' the stake which the mo
nopoly has in elcctions. Take mu?
nicipal franchises for a source of
political corruption. And the politi?
cal crime, originating in municipal
affairs, connected with franchises,
etc, is raised to the ?nth power in
cahoots with monopolies whoso scope
of influence is larger than a town
or city."
\ Radical Distinction
"Are Ameriean governmental in
stitutions in grave peril at present,
Mr. Bryan?" 1 qucried presently.
"There is discontent and unrest
in this countrly, as there 13 in the
world at large," he replied, after a
thoughtful silence. "There is much
loose thinking and Ioose talk in?
. Ameriea to-day. But the real point
at issue is not complicated and can
be stated in perfectly clear lan?
guage. Any man who advocates a
change in our government by force
puts himself in the same class as
those who actually resort to force.
There is no logical distinction be?
tween the agitator who advocates
the ov-.ri.hrow* of our institutions by
unconstitutional means and the law
breaker who employs direct action j
to accomplish this purpose. But
there is a clear distinction between
the advocacy of changes in our in?
stitutions to be effected by constitu
tional methods and the employment
of, frea speeeh, or a free press, for .
furthering the overthrow of constl
tutional government. Advocacy of j
| amendments to our Constitution is
not disloyalty, advocacy of its de
struction by force is disloyalty."
Republiean Optimisiii
"I'vc recently been in touch with .
the leaders of the Republican party,'
Mr. Bryan. They seem to be confi
f
_ _ _?* 14 CllCPt*
f
A Frencliman Who Remained iii Charleville Throughout
Fighting Has Written of the .411 Highest's Martial
r
the
'oses?In Deadly Fear of Air Raid
s
up by pistoii aupporta which would
yield to a blow, with a very strong
atcel grating underneath. _ven this
did not satisfy him. He had a ahelter
of concrete, three feet thick, con
structed over his bed on huge steel
supports; and in tho garden a great
concreted dugout '.'.'as prepa ? d,
which was lighted with electricity
and capablo of holding thirty per?
sons. Numerous batteries were es
tablished to protect him, and when
he went about he was followed by
an anti-aircraft gun on a motor.
"Unlike his sons, he lived simply.
Thus, on December 27. 1914, the
royal dinner consisted of roast fowl,
cold venison with salad, and sweets,
The state banquet on his birthday,
January 27, 1915, was a little less
frugal. It consisted of caviar nnd
sparkling wine, thick venison soup
with fine hock, garnished fowls with
1906 Heidsieck, pate de foie gras
and. 1878 Chatenu Montrose, rice
and fruit, and sweets. But his
ordinary drink was beer, with hock
or Moselle at dessert.
"He made a large bathroom by
knocking down the partition walls
of the house in which he iived; fur-!
niture was provided for him by req
uisition (or. as tho French called
it, theft). Even then he had takei
to cutting down trees. 'By-passers
were astonished to see the German
sovercign strip his field murshai's
tunk and 1'all on the magnifici t
trees which surrounded the i iuse,
They laughed or shrugged their
shoulders; the Kaiser-workman did
not impose upon them. He distrib
ute 1 the wo >d v hich he chopped up
among poor families. His arm was,
without spending a halfpenny, by
using the true owner's wood, to ? b
tain sympathy.' The French noted
that nc was mean as well as heart- j
? e.-s. He allowed the girls and
women who had been taken by force
from Lillo to lab >r m his sight on
the land.
" i ittle Willie' lived in a far
more riotous fashion. Like his
father. he showed no desire to risk
his life at the front. Ludendorff
nnd Hindenburg treated him as a
more cipher. 11" spent ::.u-n of his
time with a Frem h girl, Gabrielle
Si urier, and drank to exeess 'till
the orderlies were cbligcd to carry
him home dead elrunk.' When his
; '-'".ii v, ar tt d to send a present to
the Crown 1'rinco.s Cecilie they
stole a valuable book, the 'Ardennes
lllustree.s,' from a private library,
and on their flight they loft the
offices they had used in sut h a state
of filth that the French troops,
when they arrived, found the stench
.-'?> great as almost to require gas
masks."
HPHAT was in the golden age of
German royalty. Times have
changed since, and the other day
i"Thc London Daily Express" report?
ed that the belongings of the ex
l*ung of Bavaria will he sold at pub?
lic auetion by his erstwhile faithful
su.bjects. 'i he Beriin corresponder.t j
of "The Express" says the ex-King
of Bavaria has made a written pro- ;
test against this arrangement. Ac- j
cording to the "Zeitung am Mit
tag," a beginning has not y< t been :
made with the indemnificaticn of '
the royal house.
1 : Munieh governmem. "The
Express" continues, some moi th ;
ago offered $25,000 as an install
ment, but the King declined. He is
ow depenclent on ln lp from
relatives.
AC< ORDINgIo '"The Londoti
i '..i... News, a ra ary i 55,1 0 a
'? "*''" :'; ?'? i g i egging. Mr. W. F.
Hurndall, of Camberwell, wei! kn ?\vn I
in the spir tui '1 :. ? ?,- ? -' |, :
to guarante that arm unt to a "phys
ical or materializing medium" who
convinces him of being genuine.
'By a physical or materializing
medium," he explained, "I mean a
med-him who is capablc, say, of
g tables ar.d chairs to rise
'' -' ? -: ihe employment of any out- '
side agency or r.f persuading di i r
to open and shut. ln thirty yi ars'
experience 1 have failed to find any
one who could convince me of his
ability to do those things. Claims
have frequently been made, but as
? r as I am aware no satisfactory
demonstration has ever been given
of so-called 'table turning.' "
if Air. llurndall succeeds in find
i."g a genuine medium he purposes
to arrange demonstrations in public
and anticipates no difliculty in at
tracting enough interest to justify
the payment of $5,000 a year
salary. "The Daily News" con
cludes: "To our notion Mr. Hurn
dail is quite a?clever investor."
^PROPOS of the recent attempt on
the life of Lord French,the Lord
Lieutenant of Ireland, a correspond
ent rcports in 'The Manchcster
Guardian" that, according to opinion
prevalent at Dublin, his excellency
escaped death only by traveling in
the first car of his pi'ocession instead
of the second, as had been his cus
tom. That he was expected to be in
the second car is sufficiently attested
by the fact that it. was tho principa!
object of the attack.
The correspondent then proceeds:
"ff this be so, it is"a really re
markable parallel to the similar
change by which the Czar Alexander
:1 escaped assaaaination in Novem?
ber, ' 379. At that time he waa al
rcady a marked man. The Nihiliat
'executive committee' had deter
mined to have hia life; he had been
shct at in St. Petersburg, and he
had only escaped from a violent
bomb explosion in the dining room
cf the imperial palace because he
chanced to be late for dinner. Then
the Nihilists decided to blow him up
while im was return ing by railway
with his family from his residence
in the Crimea to tho capital. A mine
was to be laid under the line in Mos?
cow, the progress 0f the imperial
train was to be reported from point
to :? int, and at tho proper moment
the niine was to be fired.
'There were, however, two impe?
rial trams. Tbv, general rule was
that the first was given up to the
staff and baggage, while the imperial
family traveded in the second. When
the day came and the mcssages
from the N'ihilist confederates in the
south reported that the Czar was on
his way, the first train was allowed
to pass the mine. The second was
duly blown up. But on the journey
the Czar's personal train had gone
in front and become the first in
order, so that while the Nihilists
were blowing up the staff ar.d lug
gage the Czar went smoothly on his
waytoSt. Petersburg. The conspira
tors followed immediately after him
and mingled unsuspected among the
crowd which greeted him on his first
public appearanee in the capital.
The change of trains, which was
due to the deliberate design of the
police to baffle any attaek during]
the journey, did not save the Czar!
for long. He was destroyed by
bomhs in the streets of St. Peters?
burg in .March, 1881, by conspirators
acting, as before, under the orders
of the executive committee."
TT-HAT a wife'a cigarette smoking
cannot be allowed as a ground for
separation was the opiruon an?
nounced the other day by a judge
in a .\<-w York court. The indignant
husband, who supported his petition
by a reference t" his wife's addiction
to tiie weed, may be intcrested in the
case of Mrs. Mabel Walenn, whose
address is Louarn, Chatsworth Road,
Willesden Grcen, London, X. \V. '2.
This lady has recently communicated
the following letter to the editor of
"The I.of.don Daily Mail":
."~'ir: Having just I'aislieJ hmcli
eon, 1 have an usual sat down to my
Daily Mail" and?my pipe.
I hnve smoked pipes and cigars
tor many years. 1 don't care about
("igarettes.
I have colored several calabashes
and possess two pmes by :? well
known maker my last a s:ro.^ht cut,
?1 be: utj :
All my friends know t -??i*o'-s?. ar.d
a* I have eight brotbers-in-law 1
don't come of? badly for cigar.-*.
1 doa't thmk I should imoke ?
Ar. Bryan Says
l . -
Federal Control of the Railroads
Is Growing in Favor, the
Commoner Belicves
dent of a Republican victory in
1920."
The Great Commoner indulged in
an enigmatic smile. He, of course,
never has engaged in gamea of
chance, outside of politics, but
nature endowed him with a perfect
control of his faciai muscles ar.d
internal emotiona that would have
made him, had he wiahed to be, a
great poker player.
1 "The optimism of the Republi
cana," he remarked presently, "is
easily explained. When the weather
ia hazy, objecta Iook larger at a dis?
tance. The Presidential election is
nearly a year in the future. The
political atmosphere ia extremely
misty. It ia easy for optimists to
see what they wish to aee in a fog.
But you will find that even the rosi
est Republican predictions at pres?
ent are modified by varioua ifs.'
The Dcmocrats take the liberty of
adding to the list of Republican 'ifs.'
! The Republicans say: if our party
, is united.' The Dcmocrats para
? phrase this by saving: 'If the rec
, ord of the Republican Congress is
'? pleaaing to the public' You see,
! both ifs' suggest uncertainties. It
j ia much easier for the Republican.*
; to unite in criticism than in con
istruction. Thus far. since it came
, into power in Congress, the unity of
| the Republican party has been of the
negatlve brand."
Women for the Right
"The women are in tho saddle
j politically, Mr. Bryan," I remarked.
"They are?and they know how,
| and where, to ride," he conimented
instantly. "The Federal suffrage
|amendmeat will be ratified in time
| for Ihe women of the nation to take
part in the next Preaidential election
and perhapa in the nominating con
ventions. Believing, as I do, that the
Democratic party will stand on the
right side of the great moral issues
involved in the coming contest, 1 fcel
sure that the Democratic pla form
will appeal to large n imbers of
women technically at this moment
outside of our party. 1 expect to see
an overwhelming majority of the
women voters of th i nation flocking
to our standard this year."
"Were you surpriaed at the
achicvementa of our soldiers in
[Europe, Mr. Bryan?" I qn?rie(j
changing the subject on the can*.
rather abruptly.
"I was amazed at the rapidity r.t
our mobilization and at the -nwi
?loss sustained in getting our troop,
to the other side. If, before th,
great feat was accompl -ho ] 0f coi
veying several -? fightin*-*
Amerieans acrosa th'ousands of mil?!
of perilous waters. the most gas.
guine patriot had predicted the mna.
ber of our troopa to be transporte-J
in a year he'd have fallen far shor.
of the grand total. As for the mili
tary achievements of cur men u
Europe, there was came for less as
tonishment, as we've always had a
high opinion of the fighting qnalj.
ties of our Ameriean soldiers."
"You're right, colonel," I mur.
mured, bringing my hand to the
salute, as Bryan smiled at me rem:
niscently.
l!i<- Republican Platform
"Chairman Hays of the Republi?
can National Committee is an lnno
vator, Mr. -Bryan. He's going to trv
an experimont in platform making."
"What is it?" craeried the Great
Gommoner, a veteran writer of plat?
form ?, inte re sted! y.
"He has appointed a committee of
sixty prominent Republican men End
women to get to work at once to
formulate platform suggestions to
be submitted to the party conven?
tion in June."
"I don't consider the scheme prac
tically valuable," commented Mr.
Bryan unl esit iting y. "There are
many objectii rs to it. A platform
should be the embodiment oi what
the party stands for at the time of
the convention. A platform should
be written by delegates c m ng
sl raight from the * eoj le. No con
hope to m a hit with
?? p :bl c if it :: ; ed :,
mai dati to n ? the do . line."
<: ..- tra ii ivas dr iw n into iiar
per's 1 'erry, and I bade a has! y :'are
well to Mr. Bryan, to catch a * air.
back to Washingti n. Did 1 e, i r did
he ii t, cai ry 11." future f th'
Demw ratic por*; ?? -,- he
? ? way to Cl * ted
I had ju.-t Ii ?": .'
? ? ?? ' i ? ?? . ? '??? i
cigar at a hotel or a restaurai t, aa
it would necessitate my taking ?,
tablf too far from my neighbors'
l>ut I alwaya have a cigarette o
in these places.
If it came to a ihoice between ' i o
pudding" or "no pipe" it would ci r
tainly be "n0 pudding."
I average al ou.1 four pipes a lay
and a cigar in the evening wi!
husband over .'^ game of ch? ?
rfVXE of the most fascinating prob
lems of the borderlan I where
physical science and psycho'.ogica
science touch. upon what is commonly
called miraculous is presented by
the faculty of some individuala to
divine the hidden presence of water
or of different metal-. Every now
and then the newspapera record an
instance of this mysterious forc
The last occurrence of the kind is
reported by "The Lon lon Daily E.\
press," whose correspondent writes
from Ash Vale, a village of western
England:
"Mrs. Lacey, wife of the vicar of
Ash Vale, r.eur A ler hot, is :i wom m
diviner of water who doea not use a
rod. She i:> in thi respect r ?
to S.ipper Kelly, the diviner of Gal
lipoli fame.
"She ia also susci . tible thi igh ;?>
a lesspr dotrree. to th,' presence of
gold, and on one occasion 'divined' h
sovHre:-'i carefully conceal d under
a thick hearthrug
'"I discovered my powera quite Hy
accident,' said Mra. Lacey to me. '.V
rail'.vay line was being con.ur_ct,-d
near my home m .lo.cesters.hire, and
Sunday ? ' ron de, Manchi ster
professi ? .; livlners tvci e b ng fin
1 dotect I he ; res nc< ol FBter.
'??':? i ' ?? . i [ie -
' ?'? ?'? the liviri ? hazel
' "';-' ? I fo ind ? com
munic ited to i . arm nd I ilv lyi
now pn nee oi vat ?
" 'I found afte
' ' ' ????'? ri ii wil
use of twigs. \\
' ? ie sui i ? ?
?? ition o i ti enn ndous
u hing. J h after effoi t ia ncr
i : .' on, w . i ?
henrt, and for 1 hus?
band objeci ? ?<> ?:.. , .. t
? ??:?; o en
" ''
had been coverci
'??? uei 1 he r . ? n
? idi d ?., rs ? ? . ? ? ?
' '????? ' ? ;
' ? .'.??-? :? i., ? ..
?ted
' 1 v >.,???? ? .? '
work, :? ?'?.?? bonn ? isi
selected spot,
changed hi* mind
.' tl ?< n. '.'. r was
'' '?! n I ... ? _- .
' f hei - o .? : i dr. i Water
?- : nt f .: in the listricl
a few steps'Mra Lace -ma, which
she he i ...
?' ? :' ?'"?? > bi n
mvi ble foi re I ?
"' ? - for e and foui d lha i ;
I ?" tb e i ince \
' "? ' ' Il s I ?? . ..? . ^
ncavierunti I me ? ? ?
gasj s, and at th.real ' r
mother, who was pr m1 h? L ? ^aj_t
the demonstration to a close."

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