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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, February 02, 1920, Image 2

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<he real British position. Lord Grey
eoncedes tho soundncss of the Amor
?ean position land particularlv as to
the yalidity 0f our contention for an
equal voting pc*ver. There is ono place
where it is to be hoped his letter will
be road and rogarded and that is at
tho White House."
Senator Harding, Republican. of Ohio,
"I think Lord Grey makes a verv fair
statement. He says what a goo<? many
of us have known for some weeks, that
the leading statesmen of F.aropo are
<iuite willing to accent tho entrance of
the United .States into the league on
the' terms provide. and the reserva
fions adopted by the Senate. lt ought
"n remove the obstinacy which has
stood in the way of a -ratification which
the country would wiUJngly accept."
Senator Lenroot, Republican, of WIs
consin, aid:
"I am very much pleased with Lord
Greys letter. He makes it very plain
that the reservations adopted bv the
Senate will be aceeptable to the "Brit?
ish Empire, and that being so it should
make it very much onsior to reach an
agreement when the treaty again cbmes
up on thi' floor."
Senator Thomas, Democrat, of Colo?
rado: "l think it is the most timelv.
eonservatiyc and valuable contribution
lhat has been made in the discussion of
the subject, ono of tho best and most
statesmanlike expressions. 1 do not
think it will (ave any etfect. however.
so far as the ratification of the treaty
is concernod.''
Will Accelerate Action
Senator King, Democrat. of Utah.
"The position taken by Lord Grey
fmphasizes what. must be apparenl to
hose who have studied tho covenant of
the league and have attemptod to ap
prehend its mission that to accom
plish the desired results the United
States must be a member of the
"Wihile it is true that the European i
nations and other nations which have
become members of tiie league are
more or loss powerful, nevertheless the
league can not fully function or per
form its high mission in the world
without tho United States.
"In my opinion the European nations
feel so strongly tiie importance of the
United States becoming a member of
tho league tlfat even with material
reservations they would welcome r.c-j
ceptanee of the covenant by this coun?
try. This view is strengthened by tho
statement of Lord Grey. In my opin?
ion. England aml France will not hesi
tate to assent to a!' reasonable reser
vatiohs which the United States may
adopt as a part oi its resolution of
ratincat ioh.
"Lord Grey's view i^ a broad and
comprehensive one and one which. in
my judgment, will have considerable
influehce in the United States and will
accelerate favorable action by thi
Senate in dealing with the treaty.
"I think 't :s clear that he take" the
view that th" reservations which have
been deemed the most important,
namely. those dealing with Article X
and wi'h the voting power of members
of tho league, would not be rogarded
as obstacles by tho other members to
the acceptance of tho United States as
a member of the league."
Pomerene for Early Action
Senator Pomerene, Democrat, or
"Lord Grey shows a very intimate
knowledge of American conditions. His
statement eontirms the thought I have
entertained for months. that if tho
treaty is ratified with reasonable res
ervatior s they ? ill be accepti d by the*
aaaociated powers. !?. ought to encour
age Senators to adjust theii differ
encea so that a >-,- ohnion of ratifica
011 can receive th< necessary constitu
? ioi ai twi ? ? irda <.?>;<?. and if the treaty
is th.HS ratified i have every confidence
that the signatory powers w'ilj accept it.
We owe a duty to the world. We did
not enter tl e war for a selfish purpose
: nd we cannot r.o.v dosei't Ey_ope for a
selfish purpoi e. We are a world power,
? fi we musl accept our obligations as
Senator Kellogg, Republican, of
I nnesota:
"Viscount Grey's letter is a clear and
'.-.ir discussion of the situation. It is a
cdndid and statesmanltkG statement
that Great Britain is ready to accept
the I.odge reservations.''
Grey Letter Seen
As Appeal to U. S.
London Press Dechtres It
a Powerful Plea for
America to Enter League
LONDON, Feb. 1. It is evident from
the tono of editorial comment on Vis
count Grey's estimate of America's |
position on tho league of nations that
it set forth conditions little under
stood before. Viscount Grey's stat. -
ment declared the hesitation of the
United States in accepting the league
of nations js not due to hostility to the
principle, but to constitutional ques
tions and caution as to the possible ef?
fects of entering into the league.
With the situation clearly explained
hy such an uutnority newspapers here
seem wi ling to give" the United States
the benefit of the argument that she is
unwilling to make a radical departure|
from her former policy without due
consideration. The letter is viewed as
a powerful appeal to America to enter
the league. and "The Sunday Observer"
pleads for tho establishment of the
league quickly, even if it i.< only a
conaultatory body, without tiie United
"Let us meet the United States so
liberal'y and boldly as to leave her not
an excuse for standing out," the news?
paper says.
Complaints over reservations pro?
posed by United States Senate should
he 9topped, the newspaper says, and
it invites tho United States to "send
over a shipfoad of them," r.dding: "The
more America's reservations are in
dulged the less she is inclincd to in-1
l is: upon then-.."
Nations, big and little, are show- !
ing their worst sides to each other,
the paper goes on, and it asse.rts that
the "heart and soul" of Viscount Grey's
plea is patience.
After saying: "There is a deplor
able tendency to east the major respon
sibilitj for Europe. t'r.u.les on Amer?
ican ahoulders," "The Times'' says the
viscount. statement arrived at a most
opportune moment and "(hose who di
gest it will find nusunderstanding ro
inoved and comprehefision establlshed."
Copyright To Be Reiiewed
Hriiish Accept U. S. Plan to He
vive Those Lost in the War
Nru York TribUM
.HroiJeon Burea <
(Copyright, 1920, New Yorh Trlbune In.-.)
LONDON, Feb. 1. The British gov?
ernment has accepted without reserva
tion the American war copyright pro
posals, which provide for the renewal
in the two countries of copyrights lost
because of war conditions. An Order
in Council will be issued immediately
in promulgation ^<: the new agreement
as of January l, lvio.
Tho American proposals, which are
aid to have been due to tho initiative
of Major George Haven Putham, wero
champ oned on this si.je hy Lord Ask
with. Satisfaction is expressed by Brit?
ish publishers over the settlmenl o.'
Anglo-American copyright diilerenees.
(Jahy Deslvs Has Kelaose
PARIS, Feb, 1.- Gaby Deslys. the
Hctress, again is in a eerious condition.
She ha3 sutTered a further relapse, and
another operation has been necessary. i
Viscount Grey Champions
Senate Stand on Treaty
British Ambassador Declares Difficulties Foreseen
hy Amerieans May Not Arise or Be Felt Once
tl. S. ls in League; Nalion's Participatiou Vital
In a letter to the editor of "Tho Lon?
don Times," which is rcprintcd herc
with by courtesy of "The Xew York
; Times," Viscount Grey. British Am?
bassador to the United States, who is
, now in London, discusses the Ameri?
ean viewppint in regard to the peace
treaty, which is now before the Senate.
! and also gives some of his personal
: views rcgarding the proposeel Ameri?
ean reservations, The letter in full
"Sir: Nothing. it. seems to me, is
more dcsirable in international politics
I than a good understanding between
the democracy of the United States, on
the one hand. and the domocrncies of
! Great Britain and tiie sclf-governing
dominions and, I hope, we may add, Ire?
land, on the other. .Nothing'would be
more disastrous than a misunderstand
ing and estrangement.
"There are some aspects of the posi?
tion in the United Siates with regard
to the league of nations which are not
wholly understood in iii';;', Britain.
In the hope that as a result of my re?
cent stay in Washington I may be able
to make that position better under?
stood, 1 venture to oft'er the following
obscrvations. They repi-esent only my
own personal opinion and no'thingH
more, and they are given simply as
thoso of a privati individual,
"In Great Britain and the Allied
countries there is naturally impatienco
and disappointment at the delay of i
the United States in ratifying the1
peace treaty nnd the covenant of the
league oi' nations. II is perhaps ifot
so generall> recognized here that there
a o great impatienci ;t:. I disap
pointment in the United States. No
where is tiie impasse < used hy tho
deadlock between the President and "'
the Senate more kcenly regretted than
in the l nited States, .. ln re thero i-; ;:
strong am! even urgent desire in the
public opii ion to sei ?* \. j oui of that
impasse found which w'ill he both
1 or.orablc to the United States and
helpful to the" world, it would be well
to understand the - - < ? -11 difficulties with
which the people <<f the United Statea
have been confronted. In nhe cleai
light of right understanding whal
seemed the disagreable features of the
situation will assume a more favorable
and inti lligible aspect.
Cler.rs Senate of Bad Faith
"Let us first get rtd of one possible :
misundei stai dii ?-. No ( har^e of ' ad !
faith or repudiating signatures can be
brought agains the ac ion of the
United States Senate. By the Ameri?
ean Constitution it is an independe'nt'
body, an independent element in the
treaty making power. Its refusal to
ratify the treaty cannot expose either
itself or the country to a charge of bail
faith. or repudiation.
"Nor is it fair to represent the
Uhfted States as hotding up the treatj
solely from motives of party politics.
and thereby sacrincins the interests of
the other nations for this petty con
si'i: rat ion.
"!t is true that there are party
politics and personal animosities in the,
United States. An Ameriean who saw
much of England between 1880 and l
1890 said that the present conditions
of politics in the United States re
minded him of whal he had observed in
London when Gladstone first advocated
Home Rule for Ireland. Party politics
and personal animosities arising out. of
them operate in every democratic
country. They ' are factors varying
from time to time in degree, but al?
ways more or less active, and they
operate upon every pubJic question
which is at all controversial. They are.
however, not the sole or even the prime
cause of the difficulty in the United
States about the league of nations.
Self-Interest Not Sole ftlotive
"Nor ia it true to Say tliat the
United States is moved solely hy self
inti rest to the disregard of higher
ideals. ln the Ui ited States, as in
other countries, there are cross-cur
rents and backwaters in. the national
life and motives. When tiie nation
was roused by the war these cross
currents and backwaters were swept
into the main stream of action am!
obliterated, as they were in other
countiHes. With the reaction to peace
and more normal conditions they aro
again apparent, as they are in 'other
countries. But an Ameriean might
fairly reply that whereas the **e!i'-in
tcrest of other countries which have
conquered in the war is now apparent
in the desire ' to secure specia
territorial advantages, the self-interest
of the United States takes the less
aggressive form of desiring to keep
itself free from undesirable entangle
ments, and that it does not lie with
other countrii ; to reproach the United
"lt would l.e well. therefore, foi
the reo ons bot h of truth and expedi |
? ncy, to concenlrate our attention on
tiie real underlying causes of ti,,- Sen
ate's insistence upon reservations in
ratify:!!'.- the covenant of the league of
"1. There is in the United States
a real conservative feeling for tiie tra
ditional policy, and one of those tra
ditions ^orisccrated by the advicc of
Washington is ;.<> abstain fr.ua foreign
and particularly from European en
tanglements. Even for nation-; which
have been used to European alliances
the league of nations is felt to be
something of a new departure.
Desires Caution on League
"This i ! still more true for the
United States, which has hitherto held
aloof from all outside alliances. For
the league of nations is not merely:
a plunge into the unknown, but a
plungo into something of which his
torical advice and traditions have
hitherto positively disapproved. It
does not say that it will not make this
new departure. lt recognizes that
world conditions have ehanged, but it
desires time to consider, to feel its way i
and to act. with caution. Hence this
desire for some qualification and res-j
"". The Ameriean Constitution not
only makes possible, but under certain
conditions renders inevitable, a conflict
between Executive and legislature.
lt would be p< ssiblo, as the covenant
of the league of nations stands, for a
President in some future years to com
mit the United Siates through the
Ameriean representative on the coun?
cil of tho league of nations to a policy
of which the legislature at that time
might disapprove.
'The conungency is one which cannot
aiise in Great Britain, where the gov
ernmi nt is dailj responsible to the rep
resentative authority of the House of
Commons and where in case of a con-;
flict between the House of Commons
and the government Une latter must I
? initnetliatcly give way or public I
opimon must decide between them and
a 'rt itsel by immedia e general elec
t li I1S.
"This contingencj is, therefore, not
present t.. our minds, and in ratifying
tho league of nations we havo no need
to make any reservations to provide for'
a contingency which cannot arise in
Great Britain.
Must I'revcnt Future Wars
"But in the United States it isother
wise. The contingency" is within the
region 0f practical politics. They have
reason and, if they so desire, the
right to provide against it Reserva- i
tiens with this object are therefore an I
i.lustration not only of party politics,!
but of a great constitutional question!
I which constantly arises between tho
I President and the Senate, and it would
be no more fair to label this with the
(name of party politics than it would bc
lo apply that name to some of the
great constitutional struggles whidh
aroso between the House of Commons
I nnd the executive authority in Great
Britain in tho days before tho question
i had finally been settled in favor o( the
i House of Conimons,
"What. then, may we fairly expoet
from tho United States in this great
| crisis of world poltoy. for a erisis, in?
deed, it is? If the participation of the
United States waa enormous y helpful
in securing tho victory in the critieal
months of 1918, its help will bo even
moro essential to sccure stability in
peace. Without the United States' the
present league of nations may become
little hettor than n league of the Allies
for armed self-defcnse against a rc
vivnl of Prussian militarism or against
a sinister sequel lo Ho shevism in
Russia. Bolshevism is despotism, and
despotisms have a tendency to become
militarist ie. as the great. French Revo
lution proved. The great object o( the
league of nations is to preveht future
vvnrs and to discouragc from the be?
ginning the growth c>f nggressive
armaments which would lead to war.
Should Operate at Once
"For this purpose ii shouhl operate
at once and begin here, am! now, in the
first years of peace, to estabiish a rep
utation for justice, moderation nnd
strength. Without the United States
i; .vill have neither the overwhelming
physical nor moral force behind it that
il Bhould have, or if it has tiie physical
force it will not have the same degree
of moral force, for il will be predomi
nantly European, and not a world or?
ganization, and it wiil be taintcd with.
ail tiie interracial jealousies ot Europe.
With the United States in the league
of nations war may be prevented aml
armaments discouraged, and i; will not
he in the power of the frctful nations
of the world to disturb genuine peace.
Without the league of nations the old
order of things will reviv'e, the old
consequences will recur, there will
again he some great catastrophe oi'
wsjr in which the United States will
again find itself compelled to intervenc
for the same renson and at no less nor
even greater cost than in 1^17.
"I' would bc a mistake to suppose
that tiie American people nrv- prepared
or wish to withdraw their influence in
world affairs. Americans differ among
Lhemse'lvcs as to whether they could or
ought io have entered the war sooncr
than they did. It is neither necessary
nor profitable for foreigners to discuss
this point now. Waa* is common to ai!
Americans and to ail foreigners who
know the facts i the unseltish, whole
hearted spirit in which the American
nation acted when it came into the war.
The immediate adoplion of compulsory
military service and, even more, th*.
ral oni : of food nnd fuel in those
millions and millions o( households
oyi r such a ? -t area, nol by com] ul
sion but by purel> voluhtary action in
response to an appeal which had no
compulsion behind it, is a remnrkable
and even astonishing example of na
' ional spiril and idealism.
Should Enter Pacl Willingly
"That spiril i \ still th in . It is
as much a parl of the nature, ar.d
possibilities of the American people
as any other characteristic. It is not
possible for such a spirit to olay such
; a part as it did in the war and then
! to relapse and bc e.xtinguishcd al
i together. It would be a great mis?
take to suppose that because the citi
zens of the United States wish to limii
their obligations they therefore pro
pose to themselves to ; lay a small ? ai
in the league of nations. If they enter
the league as willing partners with
limited obligations, it may well be that
American opinion and American action
inside the league will be much more
fruitful than if they entered as u
reluctant partner, who fel( that hei
land had been forced. It is ;n this
spirit, in this hope, and in this expecta
tion that 1 think we should approach,
and are justified in approaching ccn
sidcration of American reservations.
"I do not deny that some of them ave
material qualifieations of the league of
nations as drawn up at Paris or that
they musl be disappointing to those
who are with that covenant as it stand
and are even proud of it, but those who
have had the longest expericnoe of po
litical affairs, and especially of treaties,
know best how often it happens that
difticulties which scem most formidablc
in anticipation and on paper nover
arise in practice. I think this is likely
.. be particularly true in the working
of the league of nations. The ilidicul
ties and dangers which the Americans
foresee in it will probably never arise
or be fell by them when they are once
in the league. And ;:i the same way
the weakening and injury to the league
which some of its best friends appre
hi nd from the American reservations
would not be felt in practice.
"If the outcome of the long contro
versy in the Senate has been to offer
cooperation in the league of nations it
would be the greatest mistake to refuse
that cooperation because conditions aro
attached to it, and when that coopera?
tion is accepted let it not he accepted
in a spirit of pessimism.
"The most vital considerations are
that representatives should he ap
pointed to the council of the loague of
nations by ail the nations that are
members of the council; that these rep?
resentatives should he men who are in
spired by the ideala for which we
entered the war, and that these repre?
sentatives should be instructed and
supported in that same spirit of. equity
and freedom by the govefnments and
public opinion o'7 the countries who
are now partners in peace. If that he
the spirit in which the council ()f the
league of nations deals with the busi?
ness that comes before it, there need
be no fear that the representatives of
the United States on that council will
net take part in realizing tho hopes
with which the league has been founded.
"There is one particuTar reservation
which must give rise to some difficulty
in Great Britain and self-governing do
minions. It i ? that which has reference
to the six British votes in the as
sembly of the league of nations. The
self-governing dominiona are full mem?
bers of the league. They will a.iir.it
and Great Britain can admit no quali
fication whatever of thal right. What
ever t!io self-governing dominions may
ho in the theory and the letter of the
constitution, they have in effect ceased
to be eolonies in the old ^'n-o of the
word. They are free communities, in
dependent ns regards ail their own af?
fairs, and partners in those which con
cern the empire at large.
Equal Vote Issue Not Important
"lt is a special status and th.<
can be no derogation from it. _o any
provision which makes it. clear Cor
ncne of the British votes can be used
in a dispute likely t0 lead to rupturc
:n which any part of the British
Empire is involved, no excention can
he taken. That is only a reasonable
interpretation p' the covenant as it
how stands. If any p8rt of the
British Empire is involved in a dis?
pute s with the United States, the
United States will he unable to vote
and al parts of the British Empire
Pieeisely because they are partners
will be parties to that dispute and
eoually unable to vote. But as re
gafrds this right to vote where th?y i
aro not parties to the dispute there
Opens To-Day
At 290 Broadway, Cor. Reade St.?Diwi Bldg.
This famons old Park Row Restaurant, one of New
York't noted dining piaces, Invltes its many friends to
enjoy at the new location the same high utandards of
culslne and service which have mado it a downtown
can be no qualificatlon nnd there is
? very general admisslon that the
; votes of the sclf-coverning dominlons
'?? would in most cases bo found on tho
; same side as that. of the United
; St hIop.
' "It must not be supposed thnt in tiie
; 1 nited States there is anv tendency to
grudge the facl that Canada and the
; other self-governing dominions of the
i British Empire have votes, but any per?
son with the smallest understanding of
public audiences must. realize the feol
ing created by the statement. that. the
United States with several million
more English-speaking citizens than
there are in the whole of the Hritish
Umpire has only one lo six voles. 1
arri not. concerned to discuss here how
this probiem of equnlity of voting may
be adjusted in practice*. it. will not be
importnnt. In sentiment and political
fecling it, is a very powerful factor.
We can neither give way about the
: votes for the self-governing dominlons
' nor can we ignoro the real political
difficulty in the United States.
"It may be sufficient to observc thal
tho reservation of the United States,
as far as known at. the time of writing.
does not in any way challenge the
right of tho self-governing dominions
tn exercise their votes, nor does it state
that the United States will necessarily
reject tiie decision to which those
.votes have been east. It is therefore
possible, 1 think if is even more than!
I probable, that in practice no dispute
will i'vi i arise. Our object is to niain
tain the stntus of the self-governing
j dominions, not to secure a greater'
British than Ameriean vote, and we
have no objection in principle to in?
crease of the Ameriean vote.
"Your obedient servant,
? ..
German Staff Ordered
To Prepare to Mobilize
jNewspapers Attribute Mysleri-I
ous Directions to an In
saiif Armv OHirf-r
BERLIN, Feb. 1. ' General staff of
I licei*3 throughout Germany recently ;
\ have received a mysterious order, sup
posed to have emanated from the War
I Ministry, printed on official stationery
and marked "strictly secret." It gave
instructions to the officers respecting
tho organization and equipment o" new
army itnits which were to be held in
readiness for instantaneous mobiiiza
t i' n
The oidcr contained detailed direc?
tions concerning recruiting and orgnn
i izing stores, aviation squads and other
units, and specilically ordered that 600
flyers, equipped fur bombing flights,
1 should be in readiness by March I
'?> break through on the west,
Some of the newspapers print the
documenl to-day, accompanying it with
a semi-ofificial declaration that its au
| thor, an insane former officer, was ar
rested Saturday and is now in n sani
tarium. This declaration adds that
! "publication of the order might likely
be construed hy the Enterite as breach
of tiie peace treaty and evidence oi
j disloyalty," and says it therefore is
given publicity with the purposc of
: indicating its oritrin.
Berlin to Heed italy's
Protest Against Envoy
Von Lucius, Nanietl for Post nt
Homc, Charged With Es
pionage During War
BERLIN, Feb. 1 The German gov?
ernment will in all probability cancel
the appointmenl of Baron von' Lucius,
temporary diplomatic German repre
i tativc in Rome, as a icsult of at
tacks upon him hy French and other
Continental newspapers. They charge
that he carried on espionage nnd propa
ganda in connection with a mission to
Sweden iluring the war.
Baron von Lucius is als.o under sus
picion of having been in .active touch
with the Russian Bolsheviki. lt. is
learned from a relinble source that the
Quirinal has virtually notificd Wil
helmstrasse that the baron is persona
non grata. Hinting at the episode, the
"Tageblatt" blames the Foreign Office
for "awkward procedure" in selectingl
and dispatching new pnvoys and charges
bi ore governments in question have
been consulted. The newspaper says
'he Cabinet has rusbed into print with
names before knowing whether men se?
lected are acceptable.
Baron von Lucius and Pr. von Rosen,
whom Spain rejected, are the only
trained diplomatists on Germany's new
list of foreign envoys.
Wallace Departs for Paris
N'ICE, Feb. 1.- The Ameriean Ambas
sa-dor to France, Hugh C. Wallace, who
has been here for tiie last five days.
departed for Paris nt noon to-day. ile
will attend the ambassadors' confer?
ence to-morrow.
Germans Siirremler Two Towns
LONDON, Feb. !. Tho towns of
Konitz and Behrent, included in the!
West Prussian territory allocated to
Poland by the peace treaty were turned
over to the Poles on Friday, according
to a wireless message from Berlin. i
'Herald' Alumni Formed
At Owl Club Farewell
IKditorial Staff Organizes Asso?
ciation; Uiiioii ArrangCH
Prinlcrs' Rights in Merger
The Owl Club, composed of members
of the cditoflal stafT of "The New York
Herald," ceased to exist early yester?
day at a dinner held by members at the
Hotel Vanderbilt. In its stcad was
organized the "Alumni Association of
Th,- New York Herald."
The election of officers i'csulted in
Lhe unanimous choice of John T. Burke
as president; William W. Willis, vice
president, and Hamilton Peltz, secre
tary-treasurer. These members were
namoil to form an executive committee
for the purpose of drawing up a consti
lut ion and by-laws.
I.eo L. Redding, .Miss Mnrtha Coman,
Randolph Marshall, Robert K. Living
ston, Michael F. Haggerty, John Floyd
lliimes, !?'. II. Pierson, Royal K. Fuller,
John P, Donlon, Roberi lf. Pachen,
Samuel Morsc, Miss Caroline Harding,
Allen Eddy, Karl Deckei* and Frank
E'arker Stockbridge.
The composing room force of "The
Sun and The New York Herald" will be
made up of printers from "I he Sun"
and "Herald" according to priority,
"Big Six" Typographical Union decided
yesterday. The union held this to bu
tho equitable course, in view of the
Fact. that the amalgamation of the two
papers has not eliminated either. The
rerfull will ho that the composing room
department of the new paper will eon
sist largely of men who have born in
service of one or the other for many
H was decided further that vacancies
in "The Evening Telegram" list nro to
he made up according to priority from
those on the respective lists of "The
Sun" and "Herald" whose length of
service does not qualify them for posi?
tions on the amalgamated paper. All
members concerned are to be carried
on the payroll for one week from yes?
terday, the date consolidation went into,
effect. >
Finding Five Bodies
Keveals Mystery Wreck
Life Preserver Floating Ashore
011 Georgia Coast Bears
iNamc of "Fortune"
BRUNSWlCK, Ga., Feb. 1.?Finding
of the bod;es of five men on the beach
near Jeyk! Island to-day led to efforts
to ascertain tiie* identity of a vessel
believed to havo been wrecked off the
Wreckage which floated up with the
bodies included a life-preserver bear
ing the name "Fortune," but no vessel
of that name is known in marine cir
clos here. If was at lirst thought that
tiie bodies were those of tho iuembers
of the crew of the Spanish schooner
Sant Fo->. which went ashore off
Doboy Light Thursday and later broke
up with fifteen of tho crew miss
iug. Later this supposition was dis
carded for the belief that the five men
belonged to a boat or scow.
Pope Conipliments Hoover
Work in Aiding Children of
\\ ar Victims Cited
ROME, Feb. i. Herbert lloover's
work in aiding ehildren of victims of
the war entitles him "to a very high
rank in the history of Christian
clvanty and gives him a unique place.
in the gratitude of peoples,' says a
li tter addressed to Mr. Hoover by Pope
Benedict on January 9, and sent to
the ehairman of the Inter-AUied food
organization through Cardinal Gibbons
of Baltimore.
?Vfter recalling that more than 3,000,- !
000 children in different states of
Europe await relief, the Pope appeals
to "the generosity of nll Ameriean citi?
zens without distinction of faith or
German Haihvuy Workers
Vote to Accept Piecework
BERLIN, Feb. L ? The National
'Zeitung" reports that the general
railroaders' organization has voted to
accept a piecework basis to counter
aci the radicals and assist tho govern?
ment. At a meeting it was unani
mously decided that the uprisings ha-l
hurl Germany.
Enough workers are affected bv this
decision to reopen the two great
locomotive plants in Berlin. Plants
elsewhere also have loyal workers,
who apparently are throwing off Gom
munist intluences.
Shipwrecked, 15 Men Missing
BREST, Feb. L?The British shTp
Nero was wrecked near Molene Island
ni a storm which swept the Engjish
Channel to-day. The crew of twenty
men left the ship in two lifeboats.
One .: these, carrying (ive men. has
land-rl, but there is no news from the
Will You Profit by the
Nickel Plate Railroad's Experience?
yO handie ita increased volume of correspondence
* "with greater speed, the New York, Chicago & St.
Louis Railroad (Nickel Plate) is using 100 Dictaphones,
Here a where The Dictaphone proved its case on a defi
nite basis of increased production alone. The Dictaphone
13 ready to prove its case in your business. '
Re*. U. S. Pat. Off and Forei?n Coootriw
Phon. Worth 7250?Call at 280 Broadway, New York City W
Britain Denies
Seeking More
Loans in U. S_
Representative in Washing
toii Asserts Reduction of
Indebtedness Iw Sought;
Aid to Europe Wanted
Nations Agree, Says Glass
Co-operation in Helping
Continental Industry Is
Acceptable to London
New York Tribune
Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, Feb. 1.?The British
j government. ofTicially denied to-day
I that it contemplates seeking ..dditioniil
i loans from the United States. In a
: statement issued hy Secretary of the
Treasury Glass, a communication from
R. C. Lindsay, the British Charge
d'Affaires here, is given, setting forth
that further indebtedness to the United
States is not sought, althouph the co?
operation of the American government
in relief measures in Kuropean coun
'? tries is desired. Mr. Glass. statement
said :
"With the permission of tho British
Chnrjre, l take peasure in making
public tho attached copy of a lot tor
; received from him. (r shows sub
| stantial agreement between the two
governments with respect to finance.
! The British government does not eon
! template fresh borrowing in tho United
States and, on the other hand, does
contemplate relief measures Uk'e that
which I have recently proposed to the
Committee on Ways and Means."
The position of tho British govern?
ment with reference to further flnan?
cial transactions with the United
States is shown in the following letter
from Mr. Lindsay to Secretary Glass:
"I am desired by my government to
make the following statement to you:
"'ln view of repeateel allcgations in
the press that. the British government
desires to borrow large siiins in the
United States, his majesty's govern?
ment states that, as 1ms been explained
moro than once in the British Parlia
ment, it is entirely contrary to the pol?
icy of the British Treasury to incur a
fresh indebtedness in the United
States. Since June. 1P1P. the whole ox
penditure of the British governmenl in
the United States was finance:! without
fresh borrowing, and tho first steps
have been taken to reduce outstanding
indebtedness. Tho loan issued in the
I market on November l, 1919, by the
British government was issued for the
; purpose solely of meeting maturing in
! debtedness.
" 'Some confusion seems to have arisen
: out of the fact announced in the press,
both in Great Britain and the United
States, that the British government
has invited the cooperation of the gov?
ernments of other countries, and in
i particular of the United States, with ii
j in joint action for further measures of
1 relief and reconstruction in the sufter
! ing parts of Europe. Any such meas?
ures, if finally agreed upon. must ob
? viously involve no further borrowings
by the people of the United Kingdom
from the United States. but further ad
vances by the 'nited Kingdom, ns well
as by the United States and such other
countries as take part in the joint ac?
tion contemplated, to countries requir
ing assistance.''"
Glass Letter Seen
As Spur to Europe
London Papers Approve;
Say Old World Must
Work Own Salvation
_ LONDON, Feb. l.-Thc newspapers
feature the letter of Secretary Glass
of the United States Treasurj lo 'ho
president of the Chamber of Commerce
ot the United States, declaring against
further loans to Kuropean countries
Iboy aro further stirred over the ex?
change controversy. A majority of the
papers take the statement as a com?
mon sense plan, some of them weleom
mg it as a needed tonic. Tho minoritv
express regref and even resentment. "
With reference to the proposal to
call an international conferencp to dis
cuss the position. "The Daily Mail"
says: "Ii America will ifot come the
Kuropean nations should stil] unite and
devise what means are possible to meet
the coming crisis."
Among tho objectors to tho letter of
?__?-'.!"_f_..is "Th(i Chronicle," which
calls it "a striklng blow to Europe's
hopes," and compares the situation
with an onlooker advising a drowning
man to learn to swim, instead of throw
ing a rope. The newspaper says that
not Britain but the penniless sufTerers
on the Continent will be affected by
the declaration.
Says Britain Askn No Help
! "Great Britain asks no help from the
United States; she is solvent and can
stand on hei own feet," continues "The
Chroniclc." "If she were wilLng to
act on what Beems to be Mr. Glass's
I plan to leave imnoverisbod Europe to
I wallow in poverty unaided, her ex
I change very soon v/ould recover the
war level with that of the United
I States. But Great Britain cannot act
: thtis." . ,.
"The Chronicle" rciuses to believe
i that, this is tfle last word of the United
States, adding: "But if it should be,
i an international conference should still
be held nnd n large part of its ' b
I should be to dlscovor ways and means
! enabling Europe to do without Ameri
! can products."
"The Daily News" says that while it
does not affect to admire the present
temper of Ameriea, it does not intend
to criticise it. The newspaper admits
! that Ameriea has done much, but if
goes.on :
"When Ameriea threw what Presi
> dent Wilson called 'all we have and all
i we are' into the common struggle
| there was ground to hope that the**"same
j spirit would actuate her when it was
| a question of facing the burdens of the
j common struggle left as a legacy. The
I rciuctance of the United States to par
[ ticipate in tiie international confer
! ence is a matter of grave regrct."
Condemns America's Aloofness
j "The Express" condemns "America's
indifference and aloofness from Eu
rope's troubles" and suggests that the
European nations get. together and de
visc means to do without Ameriean irn
Under the heading "Unpleasant, but
wholesorne," "The Times" editorially
"The Ameriean policy may seem cal
lous to the Old World that ruined it?
self in order to vindicate principles the
Amerieans hold dear, but when all is
said and done it would be futile to ex
pect the Amerieans, even in their most
generous mood, to shoulder the finan?
cial burdens of Europe."
Senate of Seventy Members,
Plan of Polish Commission
WARSAW, Feb. 1. Decision to in?
stitute a senate composed of seventy
members, including representatives of
the governing authorities of Polish
provinces, has been reached by the
Constitutional Commission of Parlia
? ment. In the senate will be five dele?
gates from the Catholic episcopacy,
three representatives of other religious
odie.s and delegates of scientific in
stitutions nnd universities.
Flensb urg Mayor
Quits Plebiscite
Area in an Auto
jDeported Burgomaster Di_
appoints Large Crowd
Gatllered at Kailroad Sia?
tion to IticI Him Goodbv
, FLENSSTJRG, Feb. 1.?Mayor To*
: send, the Gefinan burgomaster ?)_
: was ordered by the tnttr-AllteJ'c__!
j mission to quit the pleb ?- areai*
I Bchleswig, loft by .-. ? ? yelter
day aft< rnoon to tho ,- ?appointj_eni
of a Iar?e crowd which Ra the red ?
S" r;'ilr"?': tati. d to bid h,m goodUT
rhere wai much German rcse_tui__
over his deportatioi , and a lompam
of British troop - j ap at' th'J
j station to prevent disorder, but th*
crowd quietly dispersed when ?
learned the Mayor had !? Ft town
Nearly 1,000 Bi ? troops, ianded
at Mervic several days ago we?
; brought here to-day, and the mim ??
! them will be distributcd hi??_?_
towns mar this city,
BERLIN, Feb. 1. While the pre,.Bi
rate ol foreign exchange gives Bares
an advantage in connection with carrv
ing on propaganda work in the plcbi
irea of
Ze.tungV' correspoi lent says Germaw
w-h profit H this counti
rdict at the bi
: indemnification o ? ? of Ger
, mans in the redi ? German cur
rency on the ba ?-. . nehanw
| will require I - ner a?!
will constitute a - rious economic
Predictions that one-third of th?>
plebi ci ?? zone ii Schle aig H< w?
wiil revert to Germany <^\ the nation
ality : ssue are mai
a '-',"' ,t]
He di putes the prevalent notion tha
German prospect i foi rucc< ss are
meager, and - . Danea
within the zone ha- ? [te$ a,
an entity, certain ?ec
tho cities <
predomi ntl Gei . ?,
hold a majoi ity in the
I of the region where
be held I said.
1 he Usei . -.-,.;
| \\ i'.l fall to 3
? it. In
t hi - econd zoi..? the ?
lieves Germany I
the ; sue
national tic ncip
most efFectivi
the disposal of the ]
tioi it aid, is the p
isburg ;? wners will r sgain shipa
surrenden I ? '
is givei ? ? ?
But never in it for long! For no sooner
have the delicate leaves of Tetley's Orange
Pekoe given up their full flavor and delicious
fragrance in a jolly fat pot of freshly boiled
water than you want to drink it.
Makes Good Tea a Certainty
We're very particular about the tea leaves
used for Tetley's, and as for their blending?
well. we're just plain fussy about it!
3a*--*-ST - BI>JaAD\Wr\Y-33r,j ST.
National Music Exposition : Grand Central Palace
And Are Sold in New
York Only Ai Gimbeh.
See Them Here Any Time
Cimbcls are proud to be exclusive repre?
sentatives of the Mchlin, "the final choice
of the artist.*' These pianos, players,
grands and reproducing pianos are umur
passed for beauhi of case architecture and
accuracy of s< ale draftsmanship.
Mchlin pianos have been crcated and huili
in accordancv mth the most advanced
scientific and artistic principles, and have
man]) exclusive patenled features which
guarantee supcriorilv.
This Is Music Week At Gimbels Too. So A Cordial Welcome U P?i J a ~r
Every V,si,,?g Re.ailer And The Public To V.sit The 3w&?5^

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