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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, February 04, 1920, Image 1

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Vol. LXXIX No. 26J43
First to Last- the Truth:
M I Copyright, 1920.
New XotU Tribune tnc.l
^^^^^^^^^News ? Editorials
Advert i se men ts
Snow or rain to-day; to-morrow un?
settled; fresh, possibly strong,
northeast winds
Fall Keport on Ltwt Pa??
^F T* *P *f*
TWO CBNTS 5Ll4,r;r'?t"^.r.fL_Y"r.U. *n? I TH"EE ?*XT?
Lowest Mark
Reached by
Exchange as
Stocks Fall
_ ?...
Dollar Value of Foreign
Moneys at New Level
as Securities and Lib?
erty Bond Prices Drop
Ocean Shipping
Rates Declining
Decreasing Demand for
Cargo 8 p a c e Shows
Slump With Trade
Abroad Has Begun
These important developments
took place yesterday in America's
economic readjustment to a peace
The dollar rose to the greatest
premium in history over the cur?
rencies of the former belligerent
nations of Europe.
Prices on the New York Stock
Exchange, in response to unset
tlement in the foreign exchanges
and in the domestic money mar?
ket, declined sharply.
Bankers have unofficially agreed
on a fixed supply of credit for the
?tock market.
Liberty bonds sold at the lowest
prices on record.
As a result of the falling of the
European exchanges, exports to
Europe are shrinking, the demand
for carpo space on the transat?
lantic liners is smaller and
freight rates are toppling.
Exchange Break Unchecked
The break in exchange ratos was
drastic and unchecked. The discctun
terling in New York increased ter
?ents over that prevailing the day be
fore, and foreign exchange banker;
i.s described the market as "panicky.'
Despite its enhanced value m th<
terms of European turrencies, the dol
? ?s below par in Argentina, and fo
his reason a group of American bank?
headed bj the National City Hank, yes
srday shipped $17.110.000 in Unitei
ites gold coin to the South Americai
republic to settle international trad'
balances. The Argentine credit wa.
up largely through the sale o
heat, and yesterday's gold shipmen
presents the balafitrw^trn! over j
I of days.
Bank< rs, who had looked with somi
: on the outflow of gold to Soutl
imei ca and to the Orient, yosterda;
:all d attent ioi to th< fact that Japa
nese yen, which had been at a premiun
in this market for several years, hac
fallen to a discount. Normally, accord
in? to an expert on Oriental financia
condition-, tiiis drop of the yen wouli
mark the end of 'he shipment of Amer
icf.n cold to Japan, hut, in the presen
abnormal situa ion, it was indicate!
that Japan, in her scramble for gold
mi?ht further depreciate the exchanp'
valut nf her currency in order to ge
the yellow metal. The depreciation o
the yen, it is said, is duo to the shift
ine of the balance of trade betweei
Japan and the United States in favo
of this country, as a result of Japan'
rpcent heavy purchases in this country
In the war years Japan built up larg
balances in this country, which are no\
estimated to he as high as $100,000,001
Falling Off or Exports
As a result c.r the collapse of ex
ehanpe rat! s on European countries
exports to Europe have been falling ol
and the d?niai.d for cargo space i
transatlantic Btenmers is fast shrink
ing, according to shipping men. Rate
are going lower, and, in the case o
some commodities, have dropped a
much as 50 j i : cent in the last tw
months. Furthermore, shipping authoi
lties, explaining that actual shippin
usually la,., some week behind th
making of transactions, predict sti
further contracting of cargoes in th
future as the result of pre sent exchang
rates. Only a few months ago th
shortage of cargo space was markei
hut to-day the situation has change
so that some steamers have been take
off transatlantic routes and diverted t
South American trade.
Reflecting the smash in the exchanp,
market, but more particularly the tigr
domestic credit situation, which is cor
fleeted in part with the foreign tangl
railroad and industrial stocks on th
New York Stock Exchange fell to th
lowest ?eve! reached in 1920, accordin
to The Tribune's daily averages. Ol
Servers of the market said there was
good deal of actual liquidation. Sim
jar declines took, place on the curb an
In the cotton and grain markets.
Stocks in Downward Trend
At the eiose of trading in the Stoc
?change, American Tobacco w<
quoted at L':>o;s, ott 14% points; Bal?
?in Locomotive, 111%, off 5% pointi
Crucible Steel, 212, off 7%; Union P?
cine, 120%, oil' 1',,, and United Stat.
Steel. KI2 >,, off 2%. Liberty bonds so
?t a new low level.
As a reflex of the policy of the Fe
eral Reserve Hoard to curtail cred
expansion and gradually to cause d
?atton, the rate on call loans for Sto
Exchange purposes remained at M p
W?t all through the day. The ra
*M within 1 per cent of the highe
renewal rate in recent years. Ten p
tent was bid for time loans, but ev
at that figure, which is a new hi|
record, no loans were actually mai
?o far as could be learned.
That the leading money lending i
?titutions of the financial district h
> concerted policy in regard to Sto
Exchange loans was-? admitted in a
tnoritativc quarters. One leadi
?>anker said that this understandi
JiBurcd the segregation of a fixed si
w needs of the board, and that if
?^rangements had been made the sp<
"Utors in stocks might be more m<
cUessly starved. Moreover, it becai
?nown that responsible bankers in t
tempting to cooperate with the Ft
'f8' Reserve Board are advising thi
commercial customers to reduce th<
?oventories, that is, their holdings
Wmmoditiea, to absolute needs so tl
Continued on page four
JP^RPixo cap.? to rini.APEi.pfn;
?New Jerii-y Central beirlnnlnK YVedn
?Kai?!!*, i-.i, 4th, on train leaving L
3? K, 12-16 A. M. Car? open 10 P.
British Bankers
In Conference
Over Exchange
Hard Work Called Best
Remedy for Lean Purse
in Europe; Recovery Is
Certain To Be Slow
LONDON, Feb. 3.?Austen Chamber
Iain, the Chancellor of the Exchequer
discussed with leading bankers, political'
leaders and others this afternoon the
situation that has arisen from the ad?
verse rate of exchange. The greatest
secrecy was maintained in connection
with the proceedings, but a statement
was made public after the meeting. A
report also was drawn up for presenta?
tion to the Cabinet.
Great crowds witnessed the arrival
of the conferees, who included Lord
Robert Cecil, Reginald McKenna, for?
mer Chancellor of the Exchequer:
Robert Kindersley, chairman of the
War Savings Commission; .1 H
Thomas, the labor leader; Walter Leaf
chairman of the London County, West?
minster and Paris hank; Sir Auckland
Geddes, Minister of National Service
and Reconstruction; G. H. Stuart Bun
ning, secretary of the Postmen's Fed?
eration; Sir Richard Vassar-Smith,
president and chairman of the Council
of the Institute of Hankers, and Sir
Donald Maclean, M. P.
International Call Discussed
An official statement on the confer?
ence, issued to-night, shows that
Chancellor Chamberlain convened the
conference for the purpose of discuss?
ing the recent memorial of 'bankers
and others to the Premier in favor of
calling an international finance con?
The memorialists explained that the
memorial had not been prepared with
special reference to the exchange situ?
ation, but was the outcome of a series
of conferences held at Amsterdam a
month ago with a view to finding
remedies for the economic collapse in
many parts of ?urope. In further ex?
planation of their views, they urged
the imperative need of European coun?
tries bringing their expenditure within
the compass of their revenue as the
first condition of obtaining assistance
through public or private channels,
and pointed out that once this was ac?
complished private credits would im?
mediately become available.
A general exchange of views fol?
lowed, and it was unanimously recog?
nized that there was no panacea for
the existing financial and economic dis?
orders, and that recovery was certain
to be slow and could only be achieved
by hard work, increased production and
private and public retrenchment.
Chamberlain to Report
Mr. Chamberlain promised to report
en the matter to the Cabinet council to?
morrow. He discussed the subject to?
night, with Premier Lloyd George, who
did not attend the conference.
The fact that this is the first occa?
sion the Labor leaders have been called
into consultation with the government
on questions of high finance has at?
tracted considerable comment. It is
supposed that the ministers are seek?
ing their aid in the project of stimu?
lating the workers to increased pro?
duction, the belief being that the United
States is clamoring for British goods,
especially textiles, which, if they can
be produced in sufficient quantity,
would provide a surplus after satisfy?
ing home demands, and this surplus
could be exported to offset the adverse
trade balance.
Special Care Is Taken to
Guard Wilson From 'Flu'
Dr. Grayson Discloses That the
President Had Narrow Escape
Several Days Ago
Krw York Tribune
Wa-*hinoton Bureau
WASHINGTON, Feb. 8. Special pre?
cautions against the President con?
tracting influenza are being taken by
Di. Cary T. Grayson and members of
the White House family who are in
attendance upon Mr. Wilson, it was
officially said to-day. Dr. Grayson dis?
closed that the President had a slight
cold several days ago and had a nar?
row escape from Influenza.
The President's daily excursions to
the open air in his wheel chair have
been abandoned temporarily, except on
tm most moderate days, and special
care is being taken that no one with
even the slightest cold is permitted
near the patient. Only occasionally
is the President permitted to walk
about the upper portion of the White
House, and an even temperature is con?
stantly being kept in all the rooms
where the patient may walk.
White House attach?s declared to?
day the President has no thought, of
presiding at Cabinet meetings until he
is thoroughly well. The report that the
patient was soon to be removed to a
Southern winter resort also was said
to be unfounded.
Man Is Hydrophobia Victim
Bitten hy Mad Dog Six Weeks
Ago While Defending Son
William Elliott, a New York Central
locomotive engineer, is in the Ossininpr
Hospital with hydrophobia. The dis?
ease resulted from the bite of a mad
dog, from which Elliott saved his
little son about six weeks ago. He took
the Pasteur treatment up to two weeks
ago. His case is one of the few on
record that have materialized after
that treatment. Elliott is thirty-six
vears old and lives in Ossining.
" Dr. R. J. Wren, who is attending
him, sought in New York vainly last
night for a specialist who might know
some cure for the malady. Elliott's
throat muscles are paralyzed and he
suffers excruciating pain.
U. S. Said to Face Extinction
MONTREAL, Feb. 3.?Extinction
within 150 years is what the United
States faces' if the doctrine of birth
control continues in its present ascend?
ancy, according to Dr. W. A. L. Styles,
physician in connection with' the Baby
Welfare Committee of this city, in an
address to-day before the Montreal
Catholic Women's League.
In support of his statement Dr. Styles
said the number of children under the
aire of five for each 1,000 women of
child-bearing age, in the United States
has decreased 50 per cent in the last
century. It was only immigration and
the birth rate of the foreign popula?
tion that kept births ahead of deaths,
he asserted.
17 Missing in Rail Wreck
SHREVEPORT, La., Feb. _ 3.?A
Natchez-Monroe passenger train on
the Missouri Pacific Railroad was de?
railed at Clavton Junction early to-day,
the negro coach, baggage car *nd en?
gine going into the Tensas River.
Fifteen negro passengers, Fireman
C B. Castell and Expressman Sam Mc
Callum, both of Monroe. *.jv, ^? ro
Girl Testifies
Solomon Spat
On U. S. Fias
Miss Olivers Says the
Accused Assemblyman
Desecrated Emblem in
j Presence of Big Crowd
Defendant Makes
Denial of Charge?
Letter of Father Ryan,
Condemning Ouster of
Five Men, in Evidence
Staff Correspondence
ALBANY, Feb. 3.?Miss Ellen B.
Chivers, a stenographer, of 420 Sixth
Avenue, Brooklyn, testified at the trial
of the five ousted Socialists to-day
that Assemblyman Charles Solomon
spat on the American flag at a public
meeting at Sixth Avenue and Ninth
Street, Brooklyn, in the spring of 1917.
This nlleged desecration of the flag,
the witness testified, was witnessed by
a large crowd, including three police?
men. She said the policemen ? refus jd
to arrest Solomon when they were
asked to do so by some of the audi?
Just prior to the alleged violation of
the flag, Miss Chivers said, Solomon
\ refused to lend his platform So some
' soldiers engaged in recruiting, saying
to them :
"The gutter is good enough for you."
Solomon Makes Denial
On cross-examination by Seymour
Stedman the witness admitted that she
was a member of the American Anti
Socialist League of Brooklyn, founded
by William Russell Dunn, who was sent
to Blackwell's Island a little more than
a year ago for his anti-Semitic speeches
in the streets of New York.
She said that, although she knew
Dunn and had visited the club almost
weekly since the alleged spitting upon
the flag by Solomon, she had not spoken
of the incident to Dunn or any one
else until a week ago. when she wrote
a letter to Speaker Sweet.
Solomon issued a statement later de?
nying Miss Chivers's tsetimony, say?
ing that in all his life he never had
shown disrespect to the American flag,
adding that "the public perpetration of
such an act of gross disrespect would
endanger the life of the person guilty
! of it."
Two other witnesses were called in
sn attempt to attach persona! guilt to
Solomon at the afternoon session. Both
are members of the New York police
Police inspector ("ailed
One of them, Inspector Samuel A.
\ McAvoy, testified that during the
Brooklyn Rapid Transit strike last
.August Solomon had interfered with
? his efforts to quell an incipient riot.
! On anothet occasion, he said, tne
? preceding May 1, a group of Socialists,
i of which Solomon was one, were about
?to parade with red flags when be or
' dored them to leave the crimson
?.standards behind.
On neither occasion, he said, did he
arrest Solomon or make any charge
against him, The inspector's testi
I raony regarding the occurrence at the
Brooklyn Rapid Transit was rorrobo
j rated by Police Lieutenant Adolphe
j Ahlers.
The prosecution played what one of
? its counsel described as a trump card
in calling Peter .W. Collins, director
general of the Knights of Columbus rc
construction employment service.
While Mr. Collins, who has for twenty
? years been lecturing against Socialism,
! was on the stand the Socialists made
public a letter, written by the Rev.
John A. Ryan, editor of the "Catholic
Charities Review," and a member of
? the faculty of the Catholic University
; of America, to Morrio Hillquit.
i Father Ryan denounced the attempt
i to bar the Socialists from the Legisla
I ture as the most brazen and insidious
i political outrage thai has been com
I m it ted in this country since 1877.
Father Ryan's Letter
Father Ryan's letter, which he au?
thorized Mr. Hillquit. to make public
follows :
"When 1 was in New York Friday
I telephoned your residence with the
, intention of congratulating you on the
j very able and altogether magnificent
j fight that you have been making at Al
j bany on behalf of fair play and repre
! sentative government. What I wanted
! to say to you then 1 say now. You and
your asosciates are combating the most
brazen and insidious political outrage
that has been committed in this coun?
try since 1877.
"I agree with the social and political
principles held by your live clients as
I little to-day as in the days when you
and I crossed swords in the pages of
'Everybody's Magazine,' but I hope I
' still believe in justice, in democracy, in
, the reign of law.
i "Possibly my desire to see your pres?
ent cause triumph is not altogether
I unselfish, for I see quite clearly that
if the five Socialist representatives
I are expelled from the New York Assem
{ bly on the ground that they belong to
i and avow loyalty to an organization
| which the autocratic majority regards
I as 'inimical to the best interests of
the State of New York,' a bigoted ma
l jority in, say, the Legislature of Geor
i gia, may use the action as a precedent
to keep out of that body regularly
elected members who belong to the
Catholic Church.
"For there have been majorities in
the Legislature of more than one South?
ern state that have looked upon the
! Catholic Church exactly as Speaker
\ Sweet looks on the Socialist party."
Offers to Resign Seat
Another feature of the day's pro
1 ceeding8 was the offer of Assernbly
1 man William Thome Simpson to re
! sign his seat if Governor Smith will
! call a special election and go before
I his constituency on the question of
i whether or not they are of the opinion
I that the Socialists should be ousted.
Assemblyman Simpson is a Republi
I can and a former lieutenant in the
j A. E. F., having seen active service in
! France. He holds the Socialists should
i not be expelled. It was in his district
? that Solomon, according to Miss
1 Chivers, spat on the American flag.
"I would like to try," said Assembly.
I man Simpson, "an experiment with the
i English system. If the Governor would
! call a special election in my district
i I would be willing to resign and go
before the voters of my district on a
' platform declaring that the proceedings
are unjustified and that the Socialists
; should be reseated. In that way it
! would be possible to get a correct re
?ontinued on page eight
Volley In lo Crowd
Ends Limerick Riot
Woman Mortally Wound
er/, Man Killed and
Many Injured in Clash
LONDON, Feb. ". Serious rioting
i occurred ?it Limerick last night, ac?
cording to a dispatch to "The Star."
The military fired on the crowd of
?demonstrators and Richard Dwyer w'as
A woman also received a shot in the
.body and is believed to be mortally
wounded. A number of other persons
were injured.
The trouble arose in O'Connell
Street, where a crowd came into col?
lision with an armed military patrol
and constabulary. The crowd "booed"
the patrol. It. i* reported that one of
the crowd fired a revolver at the
troops, wlio returned the tire.
, DUBLIN, Feb. 3.?The Dublin cor?
poration has adopted a resolution di
i recting the attention of the peoples of
! other countries to "the intolerable con
, ditions under which the Irish people
i labor, instanced by arrests and depor?
tations without trial of three mem
jbers of tlie council under acts passed
I during the war."
A continuance of this state of af?
fairs, the resolution says, "would not
be justified unless on the assumption
that a state of war existed between
Ireland and England."
Fugitives Dug
From Cave in
Sing Sing Yard
Hiding Place of Two Prison?
ers Missing Since Sunday
Was Provisioned for a
Percival McDonough and Alfred
Friedlander, Sing Sing prison con
, victs, who had been missing since the
5 p. ni. count last Sunday, were
dragged last night from a dugout in
the prison yard, where they had lain
for more than fifty hours. They had
food enough to last two weeks, ciga?
rettes, blankets, extra underwear,
! solidified alcohol for cooking, a frying
i pan and a hammer and file.
"We're here, we'll come out!" Fried
| lander shouted as a keeper's pick
i pierced the rooting of the cave and
pulled up a plank. "We expected to
1 stay underground two weeks, and
thought- by that time the search would
! be called off and we could make a
j getaway." he said.
? Wardten Lewis E. Lawes! is con
] vinced that more than one of the fel
! low inmates of the "green auto" ban?
dits, as they were called, knew where
they were hidden. The covering over
of the ramp by which they descended
to their subterranean refuge proves
j they hail at least one confederate.
j They told the warden they entered
| the dugout ahrm! 2 o'clock Sunday
I afternoon, a time when all of the pris
; oners had the freedom of the yard.
Nervousness Betrays Plot
The warden's suspicions that the
?hiding place of the fugitives was
known to their fellows were aroused
Monday afternoon when he was dis-i
cussing tii" supposed escape with sev?
eral men working at the coal pile in j
: the north end of the yard. He observed ;
that they were nervous, shuffling thetrj
, feet uneasily. A little later Keeper !
John Farrell, in charge of the coal pile
squad, told Lawes of the discovery of!
some fresh clay, just beyond the coal |
pile, heaped on the frozen snow that
lias covered the ground for more than!
a week. The warden put some pris- j
oners to digging in that section of the
yard yesterday morning, but they ac-j
complished nothing.
Yesterday afternoon all the prison-j
eis were locked in their cells at 4
o'clock and thirty keepers and five j
clerks set to work excavating in the!
vicinity of the coal pile. Lawes him- !
self lent a hand. Thev dug for iwo
Simultaneously the picks of Keepers
Robert Underwood and Arthur Fergu- j
son struck wood. A reverberation an
' swered the impact of their implements,;
j which they saw were imbedded in a
1 plank. They drew it up cautiously,
- others standing back from the aper?
ture, their lingers on the triggers of!
their guns.
Fugitives Make No Fight
Then Friedlandcr cried out his sur
. render.
The recaptured convicts steadfastly
! refused to tell who dug the cave or
when the work was done. Prison of- !
ficials believe ?t was excavated last
summer. After Fried lander and Mc
Donough had been locked in their cells
Warden Lawes and his subordinates
closely examined the dugout. It was 6
feet square and 5 feet 8 inches deep.
The ceiling consisted of six 12-inch
planks, and upon these was packed six
inches of dirt. Over this earth lay the
same depth of frozen snow that car?
pets the remainder of the yard, and it
, was evident that this had not been dis?
turbed, proving that the excavation
, was made before snowfall.
A sloping runway, or ramp, led from
the surface into the dugout proper.
The opening at the upper end had
been covered with planking, earth and
snow by a confederate, after Fried
lander and McDonough entered their
I hiding place.
Equipped for Long Hiding
Resides canned corn and beans, the
convicts had a supply of potatoes and
si me oread. There were three heavy
blankets and three extra suits of un?
derwear in the cave. These and the
remainder of their siege equipment
they had purloined from time to time
from the prison stores, they told War
i den Lawes.
McDonough and Friedlander proba?
bly will be transferred to Dannemora.
They will lose the credits which would
have shortened their sentences. Mc?
Donough, a second offender, is serving
a flat term of forty years. Friedlander
is serving from eight to sixteen years.
They entered prison March 21 last, af
t! r conviction, with four others, of
robbing the passengers and crews of
several trolley cars near the Kings
Queens county fine. McDonough is
twenty-five years old and Friedlander
nineteen. Both lived in Brooklyn.
Platform Contest
|N THE first ten days of The
* Tribune's National Republican
Platform Contest 1,262 planks
have been submitted for considera?
tion in the award of prizes.
Read about the contest on
j Page 1 1.
14 Arrested
In $220,000
Army Theft
Five Trucks Loaded With
Clothing Seized in Raid
on Warehouse in 127th
St. ; Suspect Conspiracy
| Seven Soldiers, 27
Civilians Are Held
Goods on Way to Camp
Merritt From the Bush
Terminal in Brooklyn
Attempted theft of five motor trucks
laden with $200,000 worth of army cloth?
ing was thwarted last, night when detec?
tives of New York Police Department,
members of the Army Intelligence Corps
and soldiers of the Motor Transport
Corps conducted a raid on the Riverdale
Storage Warehouse, 152 West 127th
They found there the five trucks which
had been cleared from the army supply
base at the Bush Terminal under forged
orders yesterday afternoon. They also
found seven civilians and seven members
| of the Motor Transport Corps, who %i-ere
placed under arrest. One of the trucks
had been almost unloaded when the po?
lice broke in upon the proceedings.
The plot, according to Major Joseph
McConville, commandant at the supply
; base, had been hatching under the eyes
! of the authorities for the last week.
j Several clerks at the base, as well as
| the uniformed men, were implicated in
j it, he said.
Way Made Easy for Plotters
"We gave them all the rope they
? needed." he continued. "We even abol?
ished some inspections of warehouses
and trucks temporarily so that noth
\ ing might interfere with their plans.
If we hadn't been, aware already of
what was going on the fake orders that
: they issued to the chauffeurs to-day
would have tipped us off.
"These directed that the goods be
j taken to Camp Merritt, near Tenafly.
i Apparently the conspirators did not
; know that Camp Merritt has not been
I in existence for some weeks now. it
| was abolished the first of the year."
Major McConville stood in the win?
dow of his office yesterday and watched
the five trucks trundle away with an
i other car containing soldiers and de?
tectives trailing discreetly behind. The
i trucks were driven to the West Shore
I ferry at the foot of West Forty-second
I Stieet, where it was understood, ac
? cording to the police, that the con?
spirators were to receive $'50,000 for
! their loot.
Apparently something went wrong,
for the truck waited there an hour and
then went north to the Riverdale Ware?
house, which has a garage on the
ground floor. Detectives John Mc
! Go wan, Harry Walsh and Michael Ward,
together with military police and other
I soldiers under command of Lieutenants
Mosey and Callahan, waited for fifteen
! minutes.
Surrendered Without Resistance
Then, summoning to their aid several
uniformed police, they shut off the
block on which the warehouse stands
to all traffic, foot or vehicular, and
i burst into the warehouse garage. The
! men discovered there surrendered with?
out, a struggle, were bundled, hand?
cuffed, into motor cars and taken to
Brooklyn. The seven civilians were
' held without bail on charges of grand
larceny. They will be arraigned in
. the Federal court to-day. The seven
j soldiers were turned over to the mili
1 tary authorities. The prisoners are:
Joseph Sanand, civilian clerk at the
supply base, living at 438 West 164th
Street, Manhattan; Max Ludecke,
proprietor of the warehouse, living at
329 Lenox Avenue; Michael Fay, civil?
ian clerk, 320 Lenox Avenue; George
Mooney, 142 West 103d Street, fore?
man at the supply base; Samuel Small,
civilian clerk, 33 Market Street, Man?
hattan; Barney Schustacker, 67 Forsyth
i Street; John Mc.Mahon, expressman,
85 West 104th Street.
Sergeant James S. Kelly, 407th Com?
pany, Motor Transport Corps; Ser?
geant Fred Cormack, 407th Company;
Corporal Edward Blackburn, 657th
Company; Corporal Vetter, 796th Com?
pany; Corporal Joseph Ginalle, 657th
! Company; Private Strassberger, 407th
[ Company and Private Abe C. Berg?
man, 107th Company.
Among the material with which the
i trucks were laden were 20,000 shirts,
! 20,000 pairs of gloves, leggings, trou?
sers, underclothes and some shoes.
More Arrests Expected
It is not believed by military or city
! police that, all the conspirators have
?been arrested. Major McConville hint
i ed tnat a "man higher up" might, be
? involved. It was rumored last night
! that the arrest of a commissioned offi
| cer might follow shortly.
Mrs. Ludecke said last night that
jher husband had nothing whatever to
I do with the attempted theft. She said
that last Friday McMahon called up the
warehouse office and that she answered
? the telephone. He asked, she related,
1 whether Ludecke had any spare space
in his warehouse to house some trucks
: that he was unable to take care of.
Mrs. Ludecke said that she told him
to send the trucks up, but did not
i hear from him again until 4:30 yester
! day afternoon, when the trucks ap
i peared.
Immediately after they were driven
! into the building, she said, men began
j to unload one of them, working ap
i parently in great haste. Neither she
; nor her husband, she said, had any
idea that there was anything wrong
until the police and secret service men
j burst in.
? Danes Heckle "Pussyfoot"
Prohibition Campaign Meets
Hostile Reception
COPENHAGEN, Feb. 3.?William E.
; ("Pussyfoot") Johnson, of the Ameri
j can Ariti-Saloon League, and the Rev.
! David Oestlind today inaugurated a pro
I hibition campaign at a public meeting
| here. They met with a mixed recep
! tion,' but the hostile element prepon?
derated, and the heckling received by
the speakers was of a severe nature.
In an editorial to-day dealing with
the campaign, the "National Tidende"
says that the meeting was by no means
"a successful start for the American
agitation." The "Kobenhaven" declares
the agitation has been started "for
American money" and asks "for what
Intelligent parents usually help decide a
boy's first step In the Business World. In
tellifrent parents read The Tribune. Call
up the Good Morning Girl?Beehman 3000
_?jid give her your advertisement for to
tnarru'.v's !??.?>*.? -?-dvC
Allies Demand 800 "War
Criminals" of Germany;
Ex-Kaiser's Sons Head List
Sims Assailed
By Daniels at
Navy Hearing
j Secretary, in Defending
Overturn of Awards,
Says Admiral Spent 16
i Years on Shore Duty
New York Tribune
Washington Bureau.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 3.--Vigorously
nssailing Rear Admiral William S.
Sims, Josephus Daniels, Secretary of
j the Navy, laid before the Senate In
I vestigating Committee to-day his de
jfense against the charge of gross dis?
crimination and favoritism in the dis?
tribution of war medals to officers and
men of the American navy.
Throughout his testimony the Secre?
tary indulged in savage attacks on the
former commander of the American
naval forces in Europe. He did not
hesitate to ridicule his views as to
what constitutes the proper basis for
the award of these decorations, and ht>
declared that by his own testimony Ad?
miral Sims had proved his unfitnessas
a guide in these matters.
Contrasting his own attitude with
! that of Admiral Sims and in justifying
! his action in overriding the recoramen
? dations of the Board of Awards in
: favrr of decoration for officers who
\ served on shore duty, Mr. Daniel? com
| ptred himself to Nelson, the British
i hero at Trafalgar, who, he said, gave
! the lion's share of credit to his com
! manders at sea.
Reveals Sims-Wilson Row
In spectacular fashion the Secretary
gave a wider scope to the controversy
; when he laid before the committee a
! letter he had received from Admira?
; Sims, under date of January 15, 1019,
I disclosing the existence of a bitter per?
sonal row between Sims and Admiral
Henry D. Wilson, now commander in
, chief of the Atlantic fleet. During the
?war Admiral Wilson commanded the
j American destroyer patrol in French
: waters and was responsible for the safe
convoy of the American transports into
the French ports.
Referring to the personal controversy
which had occurred during the war be?
tween himself and Admiral Wilson, the
letter from Sims protested vigorously
against the selection of Admiral Wil?
son as commander in chief of the At?
lantic fleet following ihe cessation of
, hostilities. As he himself had been
made president, of the Naval War Col
lope at Newport, R. !.. Admiral Sims
made the point that it was essential
that there should be complete aympathy
betwen the president of the War Col
. lege and the commander of the fleet.
; Secretary Daniels by inference sought
to make it appear that Admiral Sims's
failure to recommend Admiral Wilson
for any decoration was due to his strong
personal dislike for that officer.
Justifying his own preference in the
matter of awards for the officers and
men who served on sea duty, Secretary
I Daniels referred sarcastically to the
' fact that Admiral Sims has spent most
of his career on shore duty.
Sixteen Years on Shore Duty
The position of Rear Admiral Sims
in placing shore duty above sea duty
in the danger zone," said the Secretary,
"is, no c'ouht. influenced by his record.
During the last twenty-five years he
: has served about sixteen years on shore
j duty and about nine years on sea duty.
' During the Spanish-American War he
' was United States Naval Attache at
: Taris and St. Petersburg, and during
j the great World War he served on
| shore, spending most of his time in
London, so he had the title of 'Com?
mander of United States Naval Forces
, in European Waters' and 'Naval At
I tach?' at London. So rarely did he
; take a sea trip that in his book he tells
I the following story of one of the few
?times he was afloat, going then with
the British admiral who had been
placed by Rear Admiral Sims in com?
mand of the American destroyers base
on Queenstown:
"On occasions Admiral Bayly would
go to sea himself?something quite
? unprecedented and possibly even repre
? hensible, for it was about the same
thing as a commanding general going
into the front line trenches. But the
; admiral believed that doing this now
? and then helped to inspire his men;
; and, besides that, he enjoyed it -he
; was not made for an exclusively land
j sailor. He had as flagship a cruiser of
I about 5,000 tons; he had a way of
i jumping on board without the slight
? est ceremony and taking a cruise up
| the west coast of Ireland. On occa
; sion the admiral would personally lead
an expedition which was going to the
i relief of a torpedoed vessel, looking
| for survivors adrift in small boats.
One Chance the Germans Missed
"One dav Admiral Bayly, Captain
Pringle, of the U. S. S. Melville; Cap
I tain Campbell, the Englishman whose
exploits with mystery ships had given
| him world-wide fame, and myself
j went out on the Active to watch cer
! tain experiments with depth charge--.
It was a highly imprudent thing to do,
but that only added to the zest of the
occasion from Admiral Bayly's point
of view. '
" 'What a bag this would be for the
Hun.' he chuckled. 'The American
! commander in chief, the British ad?
miral commanding in Irish waters, a
? British and an American captain.'
"In our mind's eye we could see our
! pictures in the Berlin papers, four
i distinguished prisoners standing in a
Tn the course of this story Admiral
Sims mildly criticised Bayly for "his
1 imprudence" in risking himself by fre?
quently going out in the submarine
zone svith the destroyers.
"My own opinion." said Secretary
Daniels, "is that Admiral Bayly was
not imprudent or doing anything repre?
hensible, but that, like Nelson, he was
doing most to win the war when he
went out to find the foe on the sea."
Answers "No Fighting" Charge
Secretary Daniels displayed consid
I ?rable feeling over what he declared
: was a charge by Admiral Sims that the
Continued on page three
Paris Predicts
Dutch Blockade
PARIS, Feb. 3.?The "Petit
Parisien" says the Entente re?
joinder to the refusal of Holland
to surrender former Emperor
William will be generally concili?
atory, but it will consider, in
case of a new refusal by Holland,
measures going as far as the
breaking of diplomatic relations
or a naval blockade of Dutch
The "Journal des D?bats," on
the other hand, says its informa?
tion is that the powers are not
contemplating for the present
any such measures as the break?
ing off of diplomatic relations or
a blockade.
Heat Strike Off;
Workers Given \
Chief Demands
Employers Meet the Terms
of Unions at Conference
Called bv Dr. Copeland;
3,629 New "Flu" Cases
. The threatened strike of engineers,
firenien and coal passers operating the
heating plants in hotels, apartment
houses and office buildings has been
! averted. A conference of union repre?
sentatives and employers held yester?
day in the office of Dr. Royal S. Cope
' land. Health Commissioner, reached
agreement last evening by granting all
of the workers' demands save one.
Recognition of the union, the eight
? hour day and the forty-eight-hour
' week were accepted with little argu- :
ment. Chief discussion was over the
submitted wage schedule. In the end
i this was approved, except in the case of
: the firemen, who receive $31.50 a week
instead of the $33 for which they
asked. Engineers get $39 and coal
: passers $30.
Dr. Copeland announced the result
of the conference at a meeting held by
the union members In the Central Op?
era House, Sixty-seventh Street and
j Third Avenue, last night. There was
some grumbling over the reduction in
the firemen's demand. A few hot?
heads demanded that, the strike be car
1 ried through. They were outvoted, '?
Cheers for Copeland
The Health Commissioner, who had'
been opposing the strike because of its
possible effect on the influenza and '
' pneumonia epidemics, told the meeting
: that he had accepted the post of arbi
' trator between the union men and their
employers for the coming year. He re?
ceived vociferous applause. The meet?
ing ended with three cheers for "Dr.
Copeland, our next Mayor."
The death rate from influenza and
pneumonia took a big jump yesterday,
j and a total of 347 deaths from the
I two diseases marks the highest figure
; reached so far. There was also an
: increase of 956 in the number of new
influenza cases and fifty-six in pneu
? monia cases over the figures of the
. day preceding.
According to Or. Copeland the high
death rate was not unexpected. He ex
; plained that where death from pneumo
1 nia occurs following influenza, it usually
: takes place about seven or eight days
? after the influenza case is reported. I
; for that reason the comparatively j
| large number of deaths is an aftermath
I of the large total of "flu" cases re
' ported a week ago yesterday, when the
j figures were 3,663.
"We may expect to have three or four I
/days of high death rate of pneumonia"/'i
said Dr. Copeland, "because in the cor- ;
i responding days last week we had the i
highest record of influenza cases. It !
usually takes about three days for j
influenza to develop into pneumonia '
i and three or four more days for the
pneumonia to reach the crisis."
Record of Epidemic by Boroughs j
The statistics compiled by the Health |
; Department for the twenty-four-hour;
I period ended at 10 o'clock in the morn- j
I ing show an increase of deaths from
influenza and pneumonia of 144 over
the day preceding. The figures are:
Influenza. Pneumonia.
. BorouKh. Cases. Deaths. Cases. Deaths.
! Manhattan .... 1,692 76 337 83
Bronx . 559 20 17 13
? Brooklyn . 1,095 56 198 71
' Queens . 171 7 9 12
Richmond . 112 4 19 5
? Totals . 3,629 163 580 184
Preceding twen
i ty-four hours
totals . 2.673 94 524 109 j
! Increases . 956 69 56 75
Previously re?
ported . 41,560 866 8,031 2,062
.Grand totals
, since Jar. 1. .45.189 1,029 8.611 2,246
I Corre;ponding
date 1918 epi
| demie . 4.925 322 479 336
The proprietors of fourteen more
motion picture theaters have been
warned by Health Department investi?
gators. Dr. Frank J. Monaghan, Sani?
tary Superintendent, announced. He
said that three Brooklyn theaters and
one in Manhattan would probably
be closed shortly. The crusade
against persons who expectorate in
public places continued, and 239 men
i were summoned, while thirty-one
mw? were arraigned' in court for
smoking in the subways. The Health
Department is investigating 550 com?
plaints against landlords accused of
furnishing insufficient heat.
Dr. Copeland said that the "stag
i gered" hours system was not being
? followed by some obscure establish
? ments, but that in the main the larger
; employers were adhering to the plan.
He said investigators were at work
j and violators of the Health Depart
! ment instructions would be severely
j punished. Dr. Copeland also remarked
j that any one interested in the purchase
i of coffins could obtain them through
I him. as he had received an offer of
' about sixty caskets, ranging in price
| from $19 to $30. There have been
I charges of excessive prices being ex
I acted for coffins. ? I
Hindenburg, Prince Rup- .
precht, Mackensen and
Ludendorff Are Among
the Leaders Summoned
Council Discusses
New Note to Dutch
Final Answer To Be Com?
pleted Friday; No De?
cision on Aid to Poles
PARIS, Feb. 3.?The list of Ger?
mans accused by the Allies of war
crimes, and whose extradition is to
be demanded, is headed by former
Crown Prince Frederick William
and several other sons of the former
German Emperor. The list was
handed to Baron Kurt von Lersner,
the German representative here, this
evening by Paul Dutasta, secretary
of the peace conference.
Included in the list are Dr. Theo?
bald von Bethmann-Hollweg, former
German Imperial Chancellor; Field
Marshal von Hindenburg, General
Erich Ludendorff, formerly first
quartermaster general; Field Mar?
shal von Mackensen, Crown Prince
Rupprecht of Bavaria, the Duke of
Wurtemberg and a number of other
princes and titled officers.
List for Each Nation
The total number of names on the
list is about eight hundred, and it is
divided into eig-ht sections. The first
section is a common list of all the
accused. Then follow seven other
lists, giving the names, rank and ac?
cusations of persons whose name
were supplied by Great Britain,
France. Italy, Belgium, Rumania,
Jugo-Slavia and Poland.
The draft of the note making the de?
mand on Germany, with the list of per?
sons whose extradition is sought, was
approved by the Council of Ambas?
sadors at its meeting frfts morning. It
was decided by the council that neither
the note nor the list should be made
public here.
Kaiser's Case Set for Friday
The council also discussed the reply
to Holland regarding the surrender of
former Kmperor William to the
Allies, which Holland refused in her
recent answer to the Allied demand.
The terms of the proposed Allied re?
sponse were considered at length and
will be further taken up at the next
meeting of the council, Friday. It is
not expected, however, that a decision
will be reached on that, day. as the
different governments interested must
be consulted.
The request of Poland for arms and
supplies was under consideration for
some time by the council. It was not
decided, however, whether help of this
kind would be supplied to the Polish
THE HAGUE, Feb. 3.?The Asso?
ciated Press was informed to-day that
any demand on Holland for the sur?
render of former Crown Prince Fred?
erick William us a war criminal would
be treated by the Dutch government
probably according to the Dutch extra?
dition treaty with Germany, and it
would be a question for the courts to
decide rather than the government, as
in the case of the former German
"If the Crown Prince is demanded of
Germany by the provisions of the Ver?
sailles Treat. ,' it wa> stated, "it is
then up to Germany to ask Holland
for him."
Growing opposition in Germany to
the arrest and surrender of persons
charged with war crimes under the peace
treaty has been evidenced in two formal
notes from the Berlin government to
the Supreme Council in Paris, and by
"white-hot" articles in the press and
frequent demonstrations.
Berlin Seeks to Evade Issue
The German government advised the
Allies on January 2fi and again on
January 29 that it doubted its ability
to surrender the persons wanted on
criminal charges. The Allies were
warned that Germany cannot assume
she is able to compel either national
or local agencies of the law to lay
hands on the men wanted and transfer
them to the German frontier.
Officials of the German Foreign Office
said unofficially they would "strike" or
indulge in "passive" resistance by way
of refusal to execute any extradition
formalities. A leading official of the
Foreign Office expressed doubt whether
a man could be found in Germany,
from an army or navy commander down
to a fiumble village deputy, "who would
lend himself to the work of executing
a warrant for the arrest or detention
of fellow countrymen who are to be
dragged before a foreign tribunal."
Trial in Leipsic Sought
The German government has re?
iterated its suggestion that those
whose trials are demanded by the
Allies be tried by the Supreme Court at
Leipsic, in which the Allies could be
represented. It was urged that the
nation's highest tribunal could guar?
antee an exhaustive and impartial
The Basle "Nachrichten" said J*nn
afy 31 that the German Cabinet would
resign if the Allies insist upon the de?
livery of the war criminals. The news?
paper said the government recognized
the impossibility of fulfilling its obli?
gation to surrender the persons de?
At a mass meeting at the Busch Clr-|
cus in Berlin January 25, in protest
against the extradition, a National Lib?
eral member of the Assembly said that
althought the treaty obligated Germany

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