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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, February 27, 1920, Image 4

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Colby Inquiry
Delays Voteon
V ,_
Committee Not Expected to
Take Up Case for Three
Weeks, but Favorable Fi?
nal Action Is Predicted
Office Vacant in Interim
Precedents Are Against Ap?
pointee Assuming Duties
Pending Action by Senate
From Th? Tribune's Washington Bttrsau
WASHINGTON. Feb. 26.--The nomi?
nation of Bainbridge Colby to bo Sec?
retary of State will be held up for an
indefinite period by the Senate before
that body votes its approval of Presi?
dent Wilson's selection of a successor
to Robert Lansing. Indications are,
however, that when the vote ia finally
reached Mr. Colby will be confirmed.
The disposition to make a full and
open investigation of Mr. Colby's qual?
ifications for the Cabinet pest was
much more apparent in tho Senate to?
day than yesterday, especially among
Democratic Senators. Even Senator
Hitchcock, of Nebraska, acting Ad?
ministration leader in the Senate, said
that public hearings probably will be
held on the nomination before the
Foreign Relations Committee reporta
it to the Senate fcr confirmation.
The Senate's procedure on the nomi?
nation has been placed in charge of
Senator Lodge. The appointment has
not yet been referred to the Foreign
Relations Committee and it is probable
the committee will not take it up for
three weeks. *
? Full Committee to Act
Senator Lodge explained to-day that
the committee will not act on tho
nomination until members who are out
of the city have returned. Senator
Johnson, of California, who was as?
sociated with Mr. Colby in tho Pro?
gressive party movement and whose
vote insured the confirmation of Mr.
Colby as a member of the United States
Shipping Board in 1917, is particularly
interested in the new appointment, said
Senator Lodge. Senator Johnson's at?
titude to-day toward Mr. Colby is un?
known, and probably will not be known
until Mr. Johnson returns from his
speaking trip.
In addition to Senator Johnson, Sen?
ators McCumber, of North Dakota, Re?
publican, and Smith, of Arizona, and
Swanson, of Virginia, Democrats, are
out of the city.
Opposition to confirmation of th'? ap?
pointment is dying out, Senators ex?
plained to-day," because they believe
the President shou'd have the right
to select his own Cabinet officers,
"There ought not to be any opposi?
tion to Mr. Colby," said Senator Fre
linghuysen, Republican, of New Jersey,
to-day. Senator Frelinghuysen yester?
day favored rejection of the appoint?
ment. "The President has the right to
name his own Cabinet. If Mr. Palmer
could get by I see no reason why Mr.
Colby should not."
Colby to Await Confirmation
Senators do not believe that Mr.
Colby will assume tho duties of Secre?
tary of State until after confirmation
of his nomination. Senators Knox and
Hitchcock declared to-day that lie
could not assume office, since he was
appointed during a session of Congress.
Mr. Palmer assumed the office of At?
torney General before the Senate con
tirmed his appointment, it was pointed
out, but Mr. Palmer was appointed dur
ng a recess of Congress and under
the law could function as a recess ap?
pointee until the Senate acted.
Senators -quoted two precedents to?
day to support t?eir contention that
Mr. Colby could not act as Secretary
of State until hia appointment has
been confirmed. Both precedents were
established during the term of Presi?
dent Tyler, when the Senato and White
House were engaged in a bitter fight.
President Tyler appointed Caleb
Gushing, of Massachusetts, as Secre
'ary of the Treasury three times, aad
each time the Senate rejected the nom?
ination. Then President Tyler nom?
inated James S. Green, of Tennessee,
for the place, and after holding up the
appointment for three weeks the Sen?
ate rejected it. Both appointments
were made in 1843 and while Congress
was in session, and neither Mr. Cuah
ing nor Mr. Green was allowed to as?
sume the duties of Secretary of the
Treasury, although the office was va?
cant. Roger B. Taney, who was ap?
pointed Secretary of the Treasury by
President Andrew Jackson, was also
Reed Denounces Nomination
The nomination of Mr. Colby was
denounced on the floor of tho Senate
to-day by Senator Reed, Democrat, of
Missouri, during the course of debate,
on the peace treaty.
"The American people have not been
told the truth regarding this instru?
ment and one of the men who most as?
siduously misrepresented this docu?
ment to the people of the United States
has just been named for our new Secre?
tary of State," said Senator Reed. "I
simply remark in passing that if he
does not know anything more about
our international relations and the
league of nations than he did when he
was out in Missouri making speeches,
then he needs a lone and faithful
cours? of instruction before he assumes
the responsible duties of Secretary of
State. However, in view of his acro?
batic abilities, he probably can change
any of his opinions as readily as he
has changed his political parties, which
offers some hope."
"The Senator from Missouri is a
master of Invective and sarcasm," in?
terrupted Senator Ashurst, of Arizona.
"In many instances his just excoriation
of various men is proper, but I hardlv
think it conforms with the Btandard of
a great Senator when a man has been
nominated for an office and that nomi?
nation is to be considered in executive
session to say in a speech that the nom?
inee has been guilty of perpetrating
fraud. I think a mistake was made in
not sending in the name of a Democrat,
But I think if you were to search the
country you would not find a more
courageous man, a more honorable
gentleman than Bainbridge Colby."
Returns to the Attack
k ^.V1 ??wondering what these wonder
1 RW .* itle.Vf .f,our**e? ?re." Senator
-Buhn?-?FreatJ-our?*? to leave the Re
E.. ?-art*C an-d -?0 to the Bull
ouaHtvPa/ty; W ?f ",at i8 trje that
.-uality of courage was possessed by a
vary large number of American people
?It may have required courage then to
leave the Progressive or Bull Moose
party and come over to the Democratic
party; but if that is true, a very large
number jf other people did it*? There
is this distinction: When tho other
people did it they did not gain any
Cordon &DiIworth
? Real ??
thing, but our friend had hardly landed
in the Democratic party before ho
landed in a job.
"As to the impropriety of mentioning
Mr. Colby because ho has been nomi?
nated by the President, I want to say
that it takes something besides the
holy oil of Presidential approval to
render a man immune from criticism In
the United States Senate. What 1 have
said about him was apropos of the
proposition we nre discussing, the
league of nations, and I said it be?
cause ho Is now in the public light.
When men's names are sent to this j
body they are here for discussion, and j
so far ns I am concerned. I propose to j
discuss thorn any time I feel like it and '
in my own way."
Colby an Ardent (Wet,9
Fricndsat Dinner Hear |
Banquet Said to Have Been In- \
spired by ?V>j<p Cabinet Offi- \
eers inability do Get Drink
Bainbridge Colby, nominated by ?
President Wilson as Secretary of State
to succeed Robert Lansing, was de?
scribed us an ardent anti-prohibition?
ist at a "wet" dinner given at the Hotel
Biltmore last night by the Society of I
Arts and Sciences.
Mr. Colby was to have been toast
master. In explaining his inability to j
be present. John F. Tucker, the sec-j
retary, sp.id:
"This dinner grew out of discontent!
when one afternoon at the Metropolitan ?
Club, in Washington, Mr. Colby and j
I couldn't get a drink. We felt so dis-|
pleased that the project of giving one ?
of our dinners to discuss prohibition
was discussed. Mr. Colby made all *
the arrangements, and he is not here
only because greater uuties call him]
"But, I will add, he Is here in spirit i
if not in spirits."
While Mr. Tucker was explaining Mr. ;
Colby's ab3er.ee, George Washington
Oakes arose and said he had a r?solu- :
'.ion to offer.
Resolution of Gratification
"It is a resolution referring to Mr.
Colby, or.o of the society's vice-presi
dents and.formely president, who has
now achieved a position second only to ,
that of the President himself," said ;
Mr. Oakes. "Mr. Colby has been a con- ;
spicuous member of three political ;
parties in the last five years, so that. ?
his selection* by the President cannot !
he said to be partisan. We should feel j
proud that one of our members is se- j
lectcd cut of 110.000,000 people to take
a place in the Cabinet."
The resolution expressed gratifica?
tion to President Wilson ".'or choosing ?
Mr. Colby, Mr. Tucker called for a |
rising vote. About three-fourths of
the guests stood up. Tho negative
votes were not called for.
Tho dinner was given in honor of ?
Governor Edwards of New Jersey, who i
was invited to give tht "wet" side of
a prohibition argument in answer to
William J. Bryan, who some time ago ?
spoke before the society in favor of
the "dry" cause.
Edwards Assails Congress
The speakers included Augustus !
Thomas, toastmaster; Judge Reuben L. ;
Haskell, of Brooklyn; Alexander Simp
son, State Senator of New Jersey, who j
declared that prohibition was "amen-;
tal dyspepsia" which threatened to i
make of American liberty "a living !
skeleton"; Ethel Watts Mumford, Cop. |
nel Michael J. Lynch, representing
Governor Beeckman of Rhode Island, \
and Burr Mclntosh.
After reasserting that he intended
to make a national issue of anti
prolibition and to urge the Demo?
cratic party to include it in its plat?
form, Governor Edwards attacked Con?
gress for haviiig acted without "con?
sulting the wishes of the people."
Governor Edwards said lie was con?
fident that the New Jersey Senate, fol?
lowing the action of the House, would
adopt the .bill regulating the manu?
facture and sale of beer for beverage
purposes by Monday. "And I will
promptly sign the measure," said the
"Drys" Open Campaign
Against Wadsworth !
Senator's Re-election Part of !
Scheme to Nullify Prohibi?
tion, Pamphlets Assert j
The Anti-Saloon League of New York ?
began the distribution yesterday of ten j
million anti-Wadsworth Damphlets. Pam- !
phlet No. I is entitled "Nullification ,
Through Congress Is Liquor Plan." In I
blackface type is this:,, "Senator Wads-]
worth's renomination and reelection is ?
part of a nation-wide 'wet' scheme to
make the prohibition amendment use?
less." The document says, in part:
"United States Senator James W.
Wadsworth jr. is the keystone of the I
liquor nullification conspiracy to 'ren
der forever inoperative the Eighteenth
Amendment to the Federal Constitution,' j
to use the official language of the Asso- i
ciation Opposed to National Prohibition, j
which is backing him.
"Regardless of the other political is?
sues involved, the 'wets' already have ;
announced that tho vote on Wadsworth j
will be a 'referendum' on prohibition in ?
New York State. If he should win, then \
a maliciously hostile 'wet' press would
herald to the nation and the world the
claim that New York had repudiated
prohibition. The 'wets' would insist ;
that he and the other Senator and the
forty-three Congressmen from New
York must accept such a vote as a man- |
date to oppose enforcement in every
way. Every effort to enforce prohibi?
tion in New York would be made more
difficult. A setback to prohibition in ?
this case might forfeit strategic ad- I
vantage that it would take a decade j
to recover. The fact that the new census
will give the new Congress a larger pro- i
portion of members from the 'wet' cities t
increases the menace. On the other hand, !
If Mr. Wadsworth is defeated the back- ?
bone of the whole 'wet' conspiracy is :
broken. The opposition to the renomi- j
nation of Mr. Wadsworth is not an at- !
tempt to defeat the Republican party? j
but an effort to prevent its committing
political suicide."
Charges Voting List Is Padded
COPENHAGEN, Feb. 26.?"The
Avis." published in Flensburg, Schles?
wig-Holstein, says the voting list in
Flensburg, where a plebiscite is soon
to be held, contains (j.000 more names
than there are bona fide voters. The
newspaper insinuates that the list has
j been tampered with by German of
i ticials.
Denmark Favors League
COPENHAGEN, Feb. 26.?The Par?
liamentary commission recently ap?
pointed to discuss the government's
proposal that Denmark join the league
of nations has reported unanimously
in favor of such action.
ioN?o* For Men and Women
Th? World'a areattsi leather Stores
?KM fifth Ave.. N?w York; 263 Hroadway
Boston?1-45 Treniont Street.
Loii-ion?It lissent Street.
Soviet Peace
Plea Promises j
A Democracy'
f'ontlnneel from par? 1
Russia, but ho said the Russian gov
cr?ment might make a condition that
a commission of Left Socialists also
be given facilities in Russia.
Bolsheviki May End
Their Dictatorship
The report of a new peace offer
from the Bolsheviki, including an ex?
pression of the Soviet government's
readiness to summon a Constituent
Assembly, is considered here by ob- 1
server:-; as the most startling political ?
development in Russian affairs since
the seizure ??r power by the Bolsheviki ?
in 1917 and the dissolution of the Con
stituent Assembly, January F>, 1918.
Coming as it does at the moment of |
the greatest military victories of tho
Bolsheviki and a radical chantre in the j
attitude of the Allied governments to- |
ward their r?gime, the readiness of the
Bolsheviki to summon a new Assembly
an?! to restore all political and civil
liberties in Russia may be interpreted ?
as willingness on their part tu abdicate j
their dictatorship. '?
The sBolshevil i, in dissolving the [
Constituent. Assembly maintained that, j
Russia wanted a soviet, government, \
and that the masses of the Rus- i
sian peopje did not desire what Bol
sheviki spokesmen at thai time charac- :
torized as "a miserable little bourgeois
parliament." The firsl C instituent As?
sembly was overwhelmingly anti-Bol?
shevist, the parly of Social Revolution- ;
ista wielding absohvte control, so far
us votes were concerned. It is this :
party which has been primarily rospon- j
sible for the defeat of Kolchak it-'
Siberia and which to-day is in control
of the greater portion of that region. _ I
It is difficult to reconcile the readi- ?
"eus of the Bolsheviki to summon a!
Constituent Assembly with their claims
that the majority of tho Russian peo?
ple are. supporting them in their soviet
system. Recent reports, however, re
reived from certnin sources not inimi
:al to the Bolsheviki asserted that the
soviet system, as such, has ceased t?> j
[?x-'st, thai elections to the soviets are
seldom held and that Russia is ruled
by a "red" K-.i K'.ux Klan, without rc
v'r'l to the will and suffrage of the.
,.- ?pie. ;
Should tho Bolsheviki actually call ;
?lections for a Constituent Assembly!
.he result will depend upon the rules
?.ml arrangements under which they |
proceed. The principal parties that
would participate i-i such elections
provided the Bolsheviki carry out their !
promise of restoring civil liberties, i
would be the Bolsheviki, the Social !
Revolutionists, the Mensheviki (Mod?
erate Social Democrats) and the Popu?
list Socialists. It is doubtful whether
the Constitutional Democrats (Cadets)
will be allowed to part:.-'..:'!: in view
of the close connection if this party's;
organization and leaders with the late
government of Admiral Kolchnk and
the government of General Dcnikine.
The present, moment in the political ?
affairs of Russia, provided the report;
of the pence offer of the Bolsheviki is
true and the moment has actually ar- .
rived, recalls the October days of 1905,
when, under pressure of national and
international .sentiment, the late Em
peror Nicholas was compelled to aban
don the political dictatorship ?>f the j
Romanoffs and summon a national par?
liament?the Duma. Nicholas gained :
a new lease of life by promising the
introduction of democratic liberties. No !
sooner was the Duma called, however, i
than Nicholas dissolved it, on the
ground that he did jiot consider it in i
consonance with what he regarded as \
the real interests of Russia. The rea- j
son for the dissolution of the Duma. ?
however, was that, it was opposed over?
whelmingly to the party in power?the '
Monarchist ' party.
The Bolsheviki gained their original
power, among other things, on the
promise that they would summon a
Constituent Assembly, which, they
charged, the Provisional government,
the government of Alexander Kerensky,
was sabotaginer. As late as August,
1917, two months before seizing power.
Nikolai L?nine wrote:
"I am often accused of being against
the immediate convocation of the Con?
stituent Assembly. This is base false- '?
It was L?nine, however, who more
than any one else was responsible for :
the dissolution of the Constituent As- I
semblv when it became apparent, upon
its convocation, that it was' overwhelm- ,
ingly anti-Bolshevist. The Bolsheviki
maintained that the Constituent Assem?
bly was dissolved he-cause it was
"bourgeois." The roll, however, showed
the following composition: Social
Revolutionists, 400; Bolsheviki, 180; ?
Mensheviki, 20} Cadets, 13. The rest!
were divided among various other revo- ?
lutionary groups of a total of not. more i
than 50.
Unless the Bolsheviki contemplate ?
control of the elections to a new Cob- |
stituent Assembly by special exception ;
laws, such as were introduced by Pie- ?
mier Stolypin in the elections to the
third Duma, their readiness to summon
a Constituent. Assembly at this moment j
would indicate they have chosen this '
method of making the most graceful
exit possible from their military dorn- i
ination of Russia.
Former G rand DukeNicholas
' Guest of Srali(m Monarch
ROME, Feb. 26.?Former Grand Duke;
Nicholas of Russia and his wife, the j
latter a sister to the Queen of Italy, '
are guests of the Italian sovereigns :
here, and are taking the keenest in?
terest in the attitude of the Entente !
powers toward Russia.
The "Avanti," the Socialist organ,1
calls the latest decision of the Supreme i
Council with regard to Russia as
"hypocrisy." It declares that the com?
munication issued concerning the re?
lations with Russia is composed of!
"incoherent phrases, which have as j
their object the concealing of certain I
inevitable capitulations."
"It is grotesque," the newspaper con?
tinued, "especially when, after having!
Certainly a Guarantee?) First
Mortgage Certificate can he
Issued In that amount?or In
any other from $100 upward.
And being legal lor Trust
Funds In l\'c'w York State
these odd amount Certif??
cales are growing rapidly fu
favor with Trustees and other
Custodians ol Funds.
The present rate Is 5 % % net.
No loaa In ?7 years to anv investor.
We gu?rante*) there never ahaU ba.
Send for Booklet JT-S9
RICHARD M. llUItn, President.
Capital and Sure; lus$U,000,000
?? Mlieriy tit,, N. Y. 184 M'hiImuo St?. Bka.
denounced the methods of tho Soviet,
it acknowledges the necessity to send
a mission to Russia to study and learn
the situation there."
Armed R?en Storm Two
Irish Police Barracks ;
F?cB?eppra Leave Several I)ra<i
After Attacks Lasting More j
Than Two Hours
DUBLTN, Feb. 26.?Two constabulary ;
barracks, at Timoleague and Mount :
Pleasant, County Cork, were subjected !
to a prolonged siege after midnight
last night by large bodies of armed j
men. The besiegers employed the cus
tomary tactics of blocking the roads :
with trees and cutting tho telegraph
The nttnrks against the barracks
lasted for more than two hours, dur?
ing which attempts were made to set ?
fire to them by piling hay against the
doors. The assailants finally were I
driven off. The members of tho gar- j
risons escaped uninjured.
In the morning around Timoleague !
the bodies of several civilians were
found. It is believed that the dead
men were members of tho raiding
party there. There also was found a
wounded man, who declared that seven
other wounded men had been carried j
The police are searching the neigh
borhood, but thus far no arrests have
been made.
Ruling by Cabinet
On the Disability of
President Opposed
Emphatic Objection by Mem?
bers of House Committee
to Madden Bill Marks
O pen i nc; of Hearings
WASHINGTON, Feb. 26.?What con-<
stitutes "inability" of a President of
the United States to perform the duties
of his office and how this question
may be determined was discussed to- i
day from all angles by the House Ju?
diciary Committee in opening hearings
on four measures relating to mode of
Emphatic objection was expressed
by members of the committee to cer?
tain provisions of a bill offered by;
Representative Madden., Republican, of
Illinois, which would give the Cabinet
power to declare the President "unfit" I
after being ill or absent from the;
country six weeks,
Mr. Madden said he was trying to ;
suggest a short way out of the dif?
ficulty, adding that the Cabinet, natur?
ally in harmony and sympathy with a ;
President, would not be inclined to do
violence to his rights.
"Why does your bill fix March ?1 as
the elate it is to take effect?" asked
Representative Morgan, Republican,1
of Oklahoma.
"Simply to take the present, Presi- ,
dent out of the discussion," Mr. Mad?
den replied. "I do not want President
Wilson to think this legislation is j
aimed at, him."
Representative Huste?.!. Republican,
of New York, thought the plan gave i
"tremendously wide discretion to the
Cabinet" which amounted to absolute
power over the President.
Representative Rogers, Republican,!
of Massachusetts, spoke in support of ]
his bill providing that the Supreme
Court, when requested by resolution!
of the Senate or House?, should ele- ,
termine whether the President was [
able to discharge his duties. Mr. Rog?
ers said he did not want to "litter up
the Constitution" with another amend?
ment if the question could be- do- !
termined by statute.
The hill by Representative McArthur, ;
Republican, of Oregon, under which:
the President would be disqualified be- ;
cause of a thirty-day period of absence
from the country or illness, was dis?
cussed briefly, and next week the com- ?
mittee will hear Representative F?ss,
Republican, of Ohio, who has still an-!
other plan for solving the Presidential !
disability problem.
Toronto Bars Miss Addams
Lecture Canceled Because of
Her Atitude in War
Special Dixpalrh to Hie Tribune
OTTAWA, Ont., Feb. 26.?As a re?
sult of objections to Miss Jane Addams, ?
of Chicago, appearing as a lecturer in ,
social service subjects at Toronto at :
the invitation of Toronto University
authorities, the lecture has been can- !
Objection was taken to Miss Addams j
because of her attitude toward the !
Allies during the war and particularly
when the United States became in- i
volved in the strife.
ilCFO?NDED 1856
PME transition from Winter to Spring
is surrounded with uncertainty.
The logical time for lighter raiment
is difficult to determine?some wait
until Spring is definitely established,
others practice preparedness and
make their selections in advance.
JK?fe Modified production is prevalent and
(o-ln Pomts to a limited variety as the sea
*-*?--. son progresses?initial prices embody
the economy of anticipated provision.
There's security in selecting your Spring
clothes now.
Assured advantages?maximum variety?mini?
mum price.
Brokaw Brothers
1457-1-163 BROADWAY
Bolt, Ratify
Continue?! from pnjxe 1
trenty at length, and took his Demo?
cratic colleagues to tusk for having
vote?! in accordance with the wishes of
the President.
"A few weeks ago," he said, "a gen?
tleman told us that If wo laid unholy
hands on Article X wo would be tearing
out of tho covenant Its sacred heart.
Now they are reaching for the heart
with both hands, and have concluded
that it ought to be torn out of tho
body of this monstrous thing. But they
have not yet arrived at the point where
'.'icy aie willing to remove tue United
States from Europe, to cut the cn
tanglcments of European diplomacy,
chicanery, trickery and cruelty aud to
??nine buck to the doctrine of Wash?
ington, whose words were read a few
?lays ago aud applauded cither with an
honest devotion ?>r with hypocrisy.
"Deny it who may and ae-ek to avoid
it who will, the whole propaganda for
the league of nations as now delivered
te? us has been one of fraud and of mis?
Ashurst Answers Reed
Senator Asnurst declared that Sen?
ator Reed, by making sarcastic re
markg to Democratic Senators who are
going to support the Lodge reserva?
tions, "hones artfuliy and shrewdly" to
prevent them.
"Ho hopes," Senator Ashurst added,
"that the sting of his terrible sarcasm
v.ill k?'?i> them away from a position
I hat they interne! to take, of veiling
for the Lodge reservations, so that
there; v.ill In- no hope of ratifying
the treaty at all. The Senator is per?
fectly justified m making that argu
ment, but I simply want him to know
that I think I see the plun.
"It is not an improper plan. If he
can prevnt Democrats from ratifying
this treaty he will achievo his point.
\ do not piopose that those Deme.crats,
if any there be, who aro honestly con?
vinced that we? can havo n treaty by
voting for reserval ions shall bj- any
sarcastic flail of his ho driven from
their position.
"I say this not, in unkindncss, but in
order, if I may, to weaken tho force
and effect of his blows. Some of us
em this siel? of the? chamber want a
treaty: we want to have the war liqui?
During discussion of the proposed
amendments to the reservation on ?lo
mestic questions, tho Democratic Sen?
ators denied that they had favored
them m tho bipartisan conference.
After Senator Lodge withdrew his
amendments to the reservation Senator
Hitchcock offered as a substitute a
reservation that was defeated, in the
Senate on November 19. The Hitch?
cock sutstitute would reserve to "each
member nation" the right to decido its
domes! ic questions.
Senators of both parties, including
Senators Borah, Kcllogg, Lenroot, Reed
auel .Smith, of Georgia, declared that
the Hitchcock substitute was really an
amendment to the league covenant,
since it changed the provisions of the
covenant respecting other nations.
Man Who Faced Gallows,
Exonerated, Gets $4,000
?Mississippi Compensates \ ic
tim of Bun ???led Hanging and
Life-Time Sentence
JACKSON, Miss., Feb. 26.?The lower
house of the State Legislature voted
$4,000 to Will Purvis, a Cantar County
farmer, to-day for having faced the
gallows only to be ultimately exon?
erated of the murder charge of which
he was convicted.
The killing was that of Will Buck
eley, a witness in a "white can" case
twenty-six years ago near Columbia,
?Vliss. On the day set for execution the
noose slipped and Purvis fell unhurt
when the trap was sprung. His counsel
won a contention that he eoulei not
twice be punished for the same offense
and sentence was commuted to life im-'
Two years later Joe Heard, another
farmer, cleared Purvis in a deathbed
confession relating to the killing of
Buckeley, and iie was pardoned. A
cousin of the murdered man, now in
the Legislature, supported the bill to
compensate Purvis which passed the
House to-day.
Turks Renew Massacres
Thousands of Armenians Are
?Reported Slain
WASHINGTON Feb. 26.?The mas?
sacre of several thousand Armenians
was reported in a cablegram received
;o-day by Professor der llagopian. vice
president of the Armenian national
delegation t.-? the peace conference, who
is in Washington on. a special mission.
The message was from Patrick Zaven,
at Constantinople, unel said, in part:
"Ciiicia covered with blood. Several
thousand Armenians massacred. The
existence of all our compatriots in those
regions in danger in consequence of
the recrudescence of Turkish attacks.
Several Armenian '"localities evacuated
or besieged. We uro making the nec?
essary political representations to the
peace conference."
Arrest Ex-Premier of Hungary
BASEL. Switzerland, Feb. 25.?Vienna
newspapers received here announce the
arrest of Alexander Garbai, former
Prt mier of Hungary.
India Decided
Policy of Allies
Toward Turkey
Peace Envoys Warned That
Removal of Sullan Would
Be Regarded a? Breach
of Faith hy Britain
Christians Safeguarded
Lloyd George Tells Com?
mons Principal Peace Aim
Is Freedom of the Straits
LONDON, Feb. 2ft.?The decision not
to oust Turkey from Constantinople
was reached by the Allied Supreme
Council only after long consideration
of tho difficulties in the Turkish pitua
tion, Premier Lloyd George declared
to-day in the House of Commons when
the question of (he future of Turkey
was brought up for debate. The de?
cision, Raid the Premier, was a balance
of advantages and disadvantages, and
I it was upon this balance, and after
?weighing carefully all the arguments
i pro and con, that the council concluded
| that, on the whole, the better course
; for achieving the common end was to
retain the Turk in the capital on the
i Bosporus.
Referring to the agreement made
I early in the war under which Russia
i was to obtain Constantinople, Mr. Lloyd
! George said this agreement had ended,
? so far as Russia was concerned, by the
] revolution of 1917 and the peace of
j Brest-Litovsk. He reiterated his pledge
! that there would be "a different porter
I at the gates," however. It would be
i the height of folloy again to trust the
guardianship of those gates to a people
i who had betrayed their trust, he de?
clared, and never again would those
gates be closed by the Turks in the
lace of British ships.
"Perfectly Deliberate Pledge"
The Premier referred to the "per?
fectly deliberate pledge" given by the
British government in January, 1013,
: in which it was asserted that Great
Britain was not lighting to deprive the
Turks of Constantinople, subject to the
Straits being internationalized and
j neutralized, and he remarked paren?
thetically that this was what would be
' done with the Straits. This pledge, he
explained, was not an offer to the
Turks or Germans, but was made to re?
assure the English people and the Ma?
hometans of India. lie' .pointed out
that Great Britain was the grautest
Mahometan power in the world, and
'? that as a resuit of the government's
statement of its war aims there had
been an increase in recruiting in India
at a time when Great Britain was mak?
ing a special effort to raise additional
The influence which had decided the
; peace conference to retain the Turks
in Constantinople, the Premier con?
tinued, had come from India. The two
peace delegates of India at Paris,
neither of whom was a Mahometan,
had declared that unless the Allies re?
tained the Turks in Constantinople
their action would be regarded as a
gross breach of faith on the part of
the British Empire, the Premier in?
formed the House.
Without the aid of India. Mr. Lloyd
George pointed out, Turkey could not
have been conquered, and nothing could
be more damaging to British prestige
in Asia than the feeling that? Great
Britain did not keep her word. He
promised, however, that when the peace
terms were disclosed they would he
found drastic enough to satisfy Tur?
key's bitterest foe.
"Let us examino our legitimate and
main peace aims in Turkey," the Pre?
mier went on. "The first is the
ircedom of the straits. The second is
?he freeing of all non-Turkish com?
munities from the Ottoman army. The
third is the preservation for the Turks
of self-government in communities
which are mainly Turkish, subject to
two most important reservations.
"The. first of these r?servations is
that there must be adequate safeguards
within our power of protecting minori?
ties that have been oppressed by the
Turk. The second is that the Turk
must be deprived of his power of
vetoing the development, of the rich
lr.nds under his rule which were once
the granaries of the Mediterranean.
These are the main objects of the
Freedom of Straits Assured
Mr. Lloyd George, explained that the
freedom of the straits would be as?
sured, because all of Turkey's forts
would he dismantled, she would have
no troops within reach, and would not
be permitted to have a navy, while the
Allies would garrison the straits. The
only alternative, he ?aid, was an in?
ternational military government of Con?
stantinople and all the surrounding
territory, which would be very un?
satisfactory and costly to the Allies.
The Premier said he was afraid that
underneath the movement for expul?
sion of the Turks there was something
.of the old feeling of Christendom
against the Crescent. If the Mahom?
etans believed that the terms were
dictated for the purpose of lowering
the prophet's flag before that of
Christendom, he declared, it would be
fatal to British government in the East
and it was unworthy that the purpose
bo achieved by force.
Expressing regret that America had
not taken a mandate, Mr. Lloyd George
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j McCreery's
said: "For the moment America must.
|be reckoned aa entirely out if any ar
i rangement we can contemplate for the
i government of Turkey and the protec
i tion of Christian minorities."
He contended that, every precaution
i had been taken in the treaty for the
?protection of Christians in the future,
i because any decrees authorizing per
. secution of Christians would bo signed
I under the menace- of British, French
?and Italian guns. Ihe Premier said he
j believed the Armenians woulel be far
? safer from such persecution with the
i Turks in Constantinople under the
! menance of Allied ?runs than if thej
were in Asia Minor, where the nearest
Allied garrisons would be hundreds of
piiles away._
! Turk Treaty Concedes
Greek Claim to Thrace
LONDON, Feb. 26. ?"The Evening
.Standard" says the provisions of the
| new Turkish treaty include the follow
S in?,':
The claims of Greece regarding
' Thrace have been conceded. Greece
l will retain Smyrna under the suze
i ra'nty of Turkey in principle.
Very stringent financinl clauses have
j been decided on to supervise the whole
of Turkey's resources.
Cilicia probably will be placed under
a mandate from France, and an inde
! pendent Armenia is contemplated, in
1 eluding a republic of Erivan and parts
: of Northern Armenia, within lines
, drawn up bj a boundary commission.
Tho Turks will remain in Constanti?
nople, but very stringent regulations
! have been agreed to.
?? ?
? Cecil and Devlin Attack
Irish Home Rule Bi?i
Time lo Offer Ireland Self
i Government When She Be?
comes Orderly, Former Suy>
? I'rom, The Tribune's European Bureau ?
Corpjrrisht, 19-0. Now Yorir Tribun? I-.,-.
LONDON, Feb. 26.?Two prominent
! leaders of opinion in this country came
! out to-day in strong opposition te> the
! ifrovernment's Irish bill, which was for
mally introduced in the House of Com
! mona last night.
Lord Robert Cecil in ?m interview
j insists that Ireland must become or
j derly before .any sort of self-govern
! ment is granted to lier. Joseph Devlin.
! M. P., denounced the bill as "insulting
i and ridiculous," and says that only
i real self-government and nor make-be
' lieve, which only divides the country
] permanently, can remedy the-? present
; situation. He adds: "There :.- no use
j attempting to pass a bill for Irish self
government which the Irish themselvc -
I reject."
Lord Robert, who heretofore has been
conisidered favorable to Ireland, sa'd
further he was opposed to having any
Irish members at ajl in th?? British
House of Commons. "When Ireland
has shown herself an orderly country '
that would be the time to offer her a
just mensure of self-government," suid
I Lord Robert. "If there is a district in
j the northeast which is hostile- to a pro
? posai of self-government anel the resl
of Ireland is favorable, then we would
i have to resort to the principle of self
| determination. If the Irish want com
| pletc self-government they must con?
vince their fellow countrymen. No
i one in Ireland wants the present bill.
i As far as restoring order is concerned.
j Irelniui would welcome the return of
the Balfour 'crimes act.'" Tin- act is
one of tht? strongest ever imposed on
Devlin in his statement ?aid fur?
"There is no man. woman or child in
| Ireland who would not oppose this bill.
j It is purely a measure 10 please Sir
Edward Carson, and is a grotesque ;
, travesty on freedom. It will be re
? jected in contempt by all Ireland, ex
? cept perhaps by the ascendant party
; in Ulster, whose bill I believe it is."
j Asquith's Election
Believed to Spell
End of Coalition
Former Premier's Upturn to
j Parliament Eclips?e All
Pol?tica] Questions and
Rea vak e >i s ?.iberalisn,
LONDON, Feb 2C.-AU pol?tica:
questions are for the moment com
Ipletely eclipsed by former Premier A*
h's triumpl ant rn to par]:8.
'"''- '-'*' ? * Of Wold
astonished everybody, Including hi?
own supporters. The result is uahtr
sally recog? I as n .table persimi
achievemi i en . statesman wit?
Mr. Asquith's long record, while tht
restoration of his presence and influ
one? in ?he counsels oi Parliament i'
held to be an event d( itined to hevi
important consequences * the politic:
of Great Britain, and probably th
Politicians of all parties talked o
nothing yesterday but the rofibilitie
; opened by his active resumption c
lieh, i
is generallj conceded, r Asquith*?i1
take over forthwith ir Dorsal
MacLean, whos? tenui ys has bee
regarded more 01 temporary, !
is understood Mr. As take hi
? at in the Hou: e ne* lay, and h
?' on)
on personal grou robably wi
make his first spei * *k durin
' he deba'" on I; ?? lading c
* the Irish bill.
Press Welcomes IIis Return
Most newspapers ?-. *.- weleoir
th return of the great Liberal leade
even those which opposed him pout
cally having go ; ? for hi:;?. The
*.*;? ws a ^ to the sign ifica nee of bis ele1
? ? however, differ w dely, it beir
variously declared to be due, amor
other things, to growii g popular di
gu -* with t '.* ? ?? T":r.c
popular hostility to the Labor progra
of nationalization, which .Mr. Asqui'
emphatically condemns, and rewakenii
Lib< ral ism. Among other cans?a su
'iiittc-cl by the press as accounting f
the former Premier's big majority
the vote cast by women, t being co
tended, on the one hand, that women*
afraid of the Labor movement, and, i
the other hand, tha** they are irrit?t'
by the high r1 ".*ic??;-?. which they are di
posed to attribute to the present go
??J'iic Times," which heads it? e(
,: comment "A Turning Poinl
interprets the election a.- r?pudi?t!
of th?** coalition government, hostili
to which, it says, has <?? en "drivii
electors toward Labor because Ti:'> pt
pie thought they Baw therein the on
Sees* End of Coalition
The newspaper welcomes the retu
of Mr. Asquith as a *'?? rater pari:
mentar?an than any man row in Co
mons," and is convinced he ??
"breathe fresh life and v.gor into tl
lethargic assembly."
Mr. Asquith's most co?t-picuous si
porter of the London press, "The Da
.Vows," predicts he will detach a e
tain number of Coalition Liberals fit
the government, and expresses the 1
lief the last general election on t
coalil ion ticket ha< bet n ? gilt.
"The Daily Mail" also foresees H
fection "f Liberals irom the coaliti
organization, and thinks Premier Llfl
George will "move toward Liberal op
ion in an effort to retain the allegiai
of that party." It is safe to assu:
that next week will produce vastly
teresting happenings in Hritish pc
tics, especially in view of Mr. Asquit
opinion that the time
over and that for a return to party p
itics is overdue.
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