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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, March 08, 1920, Image 9

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quality ofJjtgpertyjlights for Women Demanded
Suffrage Only
Beginning of
New Freedom
RcpnMicaii Party Urged to
Correct Injustices Relat
ing to Women in Eco?
nomic and Business Life
fleal pf Real Equality
Thirteenth, Fourteenth and
Fifteenth Amendments
as Basis for Fair Deal
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Regarded from the atandpoint
,of national history, economic progress
ind conatitutional development the Re
pAliean party is the standard bearer
for the vital concepts that have come
to be denomlnated by the eompoaite ad
jective term "American." It uniformly
has gauged the trend of thought un
darlying the national outlook^ and has
Bolded public opinion into construc
tire achievement, One may be sure,
therefore. that it will take no narrow
riew of that great movement which is
ibout to sweep away the barrier that
forcenturies has permitted the sex issue
to be an insuperable bar to th* reali
xation of those principles of equality
and right which are set forth in our
Declaration of Independence.
Woman suffrage in itself is a mere
political phenomenon. Its strength is
es an instrument, not aa an achieve?
ment. It nashes the light of equality
in a sphere where heretofore there has
been a shadow of injustice,'but essen
tially it is merely a means, not an end.
The effect of woman suffrage on
party politics is not to be decried, nor
may one understimate the tremendous
moral force that it will exert in mat
ters of legislation and administration,
but the thing for which women are pri
marily fighting is bigger than this?it
is equality in the broadest, personal,
economic, constitutional and national
Ineqaalities in Laws
The attainment of woman suffrage
leaves untouched the inequalities in the
laws of all the states touching women's
property rights, their rights relating
to their children, their liberty of ac?
tion in commercial and economic ac
tivities, their power to hold office and
in many other directions.
When the Republican party sought to
put life into the principle of emanci
pation for the negro did it merely pass
a suffrage amendment and leave each
gtate with an age-long fight for putting
the principle of equality into active
operation? The Thirteenth, Fourteenth'
and Fifteenth amendments to the Con?
stitution furnish the true criterion of
what is needed to realize the ideal of
political equality for women.
1. The Thirteenth Amendment, abol
lthing slavery and involuntary servi
tude, should be so enlarged aa to wipe
out the whole legal concept of the sub
Krvience, inferiority and male control
of women in marital and all other
^Wipe Out Discrimlnations
2. The Fourteenth Amendment,
guaranteemg equality of right, priv
i!?ge and immunity under the law,
ihould be so enlarged as to eradicate
811 discriminations between the aexes
with reference to property rights, con
tract and commercial powers. child
control and the like.
3. The Fifteenth Amendment finds
its counterpart in the suffrage amend?
ment, but this ahould be so enlarged
?? to remove all existing disqualifi
tttions preventing women from holdina*
poolic office. ?
The formulation of these principles
into our conatitutional system falls to
? 'ot of the traditional party of
toJE"''*.10 Jeave them untouched is
S^hfsemenTh0le ^ ?f P?Htical en"
Christianize the Mexicans
Churches and Schools Held So
lution of Problem
lo the Editor of The Tribune.
ed JM*n deinocraey was found
Blhu \ Chr.lstlan home and the open
v?in fl,Ameincan youth d,ed no* in
Y? i? \ demo?acy might live on.
af? Va to U8 that younger democra
wes^to-day reach out for encourage
fani?M*j,c^n R?pablio has been a
JeoBa,Vnd,th? Cvh'neM ??Pub!Id is in
eamertfl l**1* *?***'? the two fun
**?????*oi? ? ?? ?*
aSeSS1?' ?t ou/ Maker- Wbat *?
SSa*af0f b?Ider Patro1 the flrBt
or u?,n*hs would bui*d and maintain
lettllm.l!*"/ college, hospital, soeial
7.^ "<* a church in every Mexi
SntSTf ?^4'?.00- Therein lies our
?oiution for the Mexican problem.
%ni to ? ? J- B- MAZZIE.
Yorfc Seventy-aecond Street, New
Stfndards of RepublicanUm
i^0lP?rated lnt? o Phtnk
Sr.enE1it0rs?f The Tribune.
IsmJi J>ow,i8 my ldea of a straight
inKj? nk~80methin8f the average
hPSSi ?an unde?tand, rendered
tejrcai ?3 ,calcuJat*d to attract his in
?tSn,h.d '!! ,r?m that "dry a? du8t"
dlvh'ff lhat the avera*e reader
V"SffiSd?8ata?teany ""^ **m*
hom! t? .?r^n *he BabwaT' ir*in or
*???!*!!* he or 8he lnvariably
?tB, \y?mt ltem of PaB8inK ?ntereat
articl? th8n *ade through a party
poiuj6,, f?g?d with hi?hfalutia?
RaasiJi* M?*B,naT of tho Word
^?dAm?erTcark ****"' *? * b^
SSSI^S b8 llved up to.
BettL,8 8tr?neth.
Cfrfe*"01181 ?7?t?m.
Ia*l?t on 21In. fc*?ven?menUl iasues.
C|??W8hir^n*rinan lnd?P?ndence.
/rights' WlU 8ecure * citizen'a
I "nd?*>ort, Conn. W. L. P.
?* Edltor of Th0 TribnB8>
K^ifeiT ?K-" -TbT-aub.
'? ta? aa?t!,"a! by r?*?on ol a change
i2r*Wf*ln?1.trVlon' but ?b??Mb*
P*?3lcts L !2.yfar?i! P?>viding Con
To-Day's Prize Letter
Concllistlon Praposod
To ths Editor of Ths Tribune.
Sir: Whst ws want and what w?
nssd is an administration which will
?how ths mass of citizens?those w&o
lsbor ? thst this government is
founded upon ths principles "of tho
people, for ths people, snd br tho
The ono great fundsmentsl cause
of this present existing economic
eondition is thst the grest percent
age of working people, those' who
have been provoking strife and dis
order, which has proved such a hin
drance to normal. production, do*not
realizo that in the end it is they who
will sufFer.
The man of wealth can in time of
economic distress and dissster pack
up his chattels and move out, where
as the man dependent upon his earn?
ings to keep body and soul together
must stick and suffer.
Tesch, then, codperation. Show
them that strife and disorder and
Platform Builders
Asked to Assure
Rule by Economy
Americanism, Prndent
League of Nations, Un
trammeled Army and
Navy and Federal Thrift
To the Editor of the Tribune.
Sir: The platform contest has been
widely patronized. It would bo reason
able to assume that a platform which
embraced the best and most popular
features of all those presented -would
have a fair chance of appealing Btrong
ly to the nation as a whole. Why not,
therefore, a platform embracing:
Americanism?with a vigorous educa
tional campaign to further it, in place
of blind discountenance of free speech
and radicalism of all kinds.
A league of nations?with reserva?
tions now almost universally accepted
as prudent.
An army and navy untrammeled by
inexperienced civilian direction.
A business administration guarantee
ing economy in government expendi?
ture, and a sympathetic codperation
with the leaders of capital and labor
toward increased production and trana
portation fscilities* and a correspond
ing decrease in living costs.
A platform somewhat similar to the
above would, I think, general ly satisfy
the desires of the people, as interpreted
from The Tribune's letters.
Moreover, if that man is found who
can put such a platform into effect he
has a great opportunity. Such a man
I think is available. He has already
denounced any curtailment of free
speech and personal liberty. He has
already promised his support to that
party which will put through the league.
If elected, able men at the head of the
army and navy are assured, for ho ac
knowledges no obligation to any party
machine, and if elected would have no
debts to pay. This freedom irom poli?
tical obligations would help toward
economy and efflciency in administra?
tion. Gabinet officers and department
heads could be selected entirely on the
basis of fitness. F. M. JOHNSON,
New Haven, Conn.
Universal Training Needed
Nation Should Not Depend
Upon Ex-Service Men
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir?Some of your correspondents
suggest that we do not need universal
military training for at least ten years,
because we have several million ex
service men available for immediate
defense. They argue, therefore, that
the present execution of the plan
would entail a superfluous and wasteful
The shortsighted. nature of such a
view becomes evident upon scrutiny.
Any system of training would require
several years' headway before it could
be made an affective reality; it could
not, as some seem to imagine, instantly
become a reliable ssfeguard at its in
ception. Whils wo are indeed fortu
nate at present in having in our midst
so many men exporienced in war, wo
should begin promptly to prepare for
the timo when thoss men will no longer
be servieeabls. Ths temptation to
postpone an enterprise of this kind, es
pecially when some oxpenso is involved,
will grow with ssch sueceedlng yesr.
And if ws are lucky enough to be fa
vorsd with peace during the next dec
ads, ? falss sense of sscurity will be?
come established in tha minds of tha
coming goneration.
When wo purpose to cresto an insti
tution that may forever be essential
to our safety and welfare a policy of
proscraatination with regard to begin?
ning is little short of criminal.
26 New York Avenue. Brooklyn.
CondiHosui of the
Platform Contest
Tho Tribune lnvtte* you to wrtto
planks fsr a RspobUeaa platform
?nd to wrtto lottors about planks
proposed by other rsaders through
its eotaasM.
Fsr ths sost planks snd letters
Tho Trlbuao offer* thoso prisss:
For tho bos* plank.?. $800.00
PorthosoaaodbostpUnk.. 2S0J0
Fsr each of tho oight asxt
b?sSpUnlD8 .......100.00
For tho boot sstteaa daily
prtiaS) of ??*.*????????-... 10.00
Fsr ths boot Isttsr tm tho
whole empetltlon .100.00
Tho Tribune will make up ? plat?
form of ten planks to bo determined
by your votes. Tho ten issues rs
coMag tho most votos will bo ths
planks. Ths tsa planks that bsst
oxproas tho shsssn isauss will bs
solstttod for tho prize awards.
Each plank ts lhnltod to 100 word a
Of two planks or lottors of equal
merit tho ahertsr wCl bo ehossn,
Bvsry plank and Isttsr must bear
tho aamo aad addrsss of tho ssndsr,
artheugh a nom do plumo will bs
puhUshod if ths writer desires.
Ths contest adll siosa at midnight,
April 00, 1010. Msnusortpts will aot
bo rstamsd*
Tha Jadgas sf ths contest will bs
thras of Tho Tribune's editor*. They
will bsse thslr decisions on sound
thinktag sad brovityrAlt*rn?*a aad
strsagta of sutsassat.fi
to End Industrial Strife
wrong will not right another wrong.
Llfo is not an algebraie equation
wherein two minus make a plu*. It
take* right to right a wrong. In
such a time ss this personal eon
cessiona muat bs made for general
The entiro world is suffsring from
a grost shock. Why Jump on her
back when she ia down and pound
her and whack her and open all the
old aorea? Why not Join hands in a
jinited effort t? restore all to normal
conditions? Thsn when the world
iaV again normal, split your hairs and
rauaack your braina for petty points
for. diversity of opinion.
NV>w get to work. Dig. Smile.
Get *i man who can look beyond his
own selflsh desires?yes, who can
even hiok beyond the walls of Amer?
ica toward s world that is crying
for aid and codperation.
Port Gbeater, N. Y.
Independent Vote
To Decide Fight
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: The coming Presidential
election will bo decided by the inde?
pendent voters.
The people have had enough of
political nromises made to catch
votes without a thought of fulflll
ment; and they have had far more
than enough of delusive speeches
made up of fine phrases and "pur
ple periods" intended to becloud the
issues with which they assumed to
We, the voters, will demand
plainly-stated, clear-cut and definite
statements of what the Republican
party intends to do when it comes
into control of the government. We
shall expect the nomination by the
national convention of men of proved
executive ability for the positions
of President and Vice-President.
On the great issues before the
country?foreign relations, restric
tion of immigration, military and
naval preparedness, prohibition and
other unconstitutional sumptuary
legislation, the Mexican question,
etc.?on all these and other im?
portant points we must know defi
nitely where the Republican party
Welfare Work
Requires Aid
Of GovernmeAt
I Exclusive Jurisdjction of
Marriage and Divorce
Is Recommended
for Federal Control
i -?.
'Big Brother' Idea Urged
Platform Declaration Asked
for Commission on Codi
fication of State Laws
i -__
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Conservation of real American
citizenship must necessarily be an
issue at this time, when it behooves
America to develop the best that is in
her. The United States must raise up
a citizenship equal to the task of maln
taining the position of this nation as
the "greatest nation on earth," and
this does not mean the greatest nation
from the standpoint of money control
or commercial domination, but the
greatest nation morally, mentally and
One of the first steps in this direc?
tion, in my opinion, is for the govern?
ment to take an active part in the
social welfare of the people?to be a
"big brother," as it were, in their daily
lives through the extension 6f its
sphere of influencc As things stand at
present, the government is nothing
more than a vague conception of power
apart from the people. Let it extend
a benevolent hand in the home. To
that end the exclusive jurisdiction of
marriage and divorco should be com?
mitted to it, ns well as the wardship
and training of dependent children.
I would suggest a platform declara?
tion by the Republican National Con?
vention urging the appointment of a
commission to report to Congress upon
a codification of the various state laws
on marriage and divorce and upon the
subject of dependent children, to the
end that a Federal code may be devised,
especially a proposal to make a phys?
ical examination of candidates for mar?
riage a eondition precedent to the
granting of a marriage license. Under
present regulations among the several
states it is possible to nullify the mar?
riage bond on the most trivial grounds
and to evade the laws of one state on
the subject of marriage and divorce by
going into another state, where the
laws are more lax. The entire field of
domestic relations, so far as marriage,
divorce and dependency of children are
concerned, should be an exclusive sub?
ject for the Federal government.
H. R. B.
Harriman National Bank
Fifth Avenue and 44th Street
* Foreign Department
The Harriman National Bank announces the return
from Europe of Charles F. Koth, Vice-President and
Manager Foreign Department, and the enlargement
of its offices and facilities for dealings in all branches
of international banking and finance.
# The correct solution of the perplexing problems
arising from and peculiar to the present state of the
foreign exchanges, and the right answers to questions
concerning them, depend upon judgment based on fresh
and first-hand information. The Foreign Department
of the Harriman National Bank is thus prepared to
co-operate efficiently with customers in their foreign
dealings, and may be consulted freely in an advisory
The chief activities of the Foreign Department
of the Harriman National Bank are concerned with
the financing of import and export trade, commercial
and circular letters of credit, the purchase and sale of
foreign drafts and currencies, remittances by check
or cable, investigations of foreign credits and general
aid ln fadlitating profitable dealings with foreign
The Foreign Department of the Harriman National
Bank (telephone: Murray Hill 9200) may be called by
wire for quotations on exchange, and on any matter
connected with the Department's activities. These
services of the Harriman National Bank are offered
to its customers and the public on the basis of a com
prehensive acquaintance with the subject and in con?
nection with the general services of the institution.
Classified Advertising Appeals
are most effectively made by using. a medium
whose readers are of a reliable type?who an?
swer advertisements because they mean business
?not out of idle curiosity.
New^ork I'ribune readers are clean-cut Ameri?
cans and mean business. You'll find few triflers
in their ranks. And what is more, Tribune read?
ers have real confidence in what appears in the
columns of their chosen paper.
Put your wants before these people. Send your
advertisements to The Tribune. Call the Good
Morning Girt?Beekman 3000^-and give her
your adverttseroent Bill will be sent laterj
Some Suggested Planks
Among tho man of mggetHon, for plank* t? tho Republican platform ore the foUowtsg:
N*od for Aaaimilation
Americanlsro is the achiewment
of nationallty upon the plane of our
highest ideals. If we think alike we
can act together. We must be able
to speak the same language, llterally
and aplrltually. A knowledge of the
EngUsh language is now a condition
of natlonalization, but there must
also be a change of mind and heart
in all who are not truly loyal to
our government." All _ must be as
slmilated. Asslmllation is a matter
of environment pitted against hered
ity. To this instructlon ln lan?
guage, Ideals, principles and history,
tending to assimilatlon, the Repub?
lican party pledges itself.?A. F. D.
Remit War Loan Interest
The Republican party advocates
the remisslon of all interest dui or to
become due on moneys loaned by the
United States to our various allies in
ths World War, and further remisslon
of principal of loan to France by an
amount emial to the expenditure of
the French government incurred in
helping us during the Revolutionary
War.?J. 0. B.
'. ______
Sinking Fund to Liquidate
A permanent sinking fund policy
for the protection and liquidation of
the public debt; all unexpended bal
jsnces of appropriations to annually
revert to the sinking fund.?L. C.
White, 810 White Street, Burling
ton, Iowa.
Hospital Education for Woman
In accordance with the attitude we
have taken toward the women of our
country, and because of the great aid
rendered by them during the war in
matters pertaining to the care and
comfort of the sick, wounded and im
poverished, we feel we should foster
the spirit which prompted it and
provide a means of systematic edu?
cation and direction for the ultimate
purpose of combating disease and
niaintainlng healthful conditions in
our land. Wo therefore favor suit
able legislation by Congress to pro?
vide a system of more or less extend
ed elementary hospital education and
training as nurses for our young
women, aa we have provided a West
Point and an Annapolis for our young
men.?F. W. Hendrickson, Bayside,
Hold Allies to All Debta
To the end that the present
and future generations of Americans
may be released from the yoke of
unnecessary taxation, the Repub?
lican party subscribes its belief that
the United States has honorably ful
filled all obligations imposed by
virtue of her aasociations during
tho war against Germany and
pledges unalterable opposition to all
demands that thia nation cancel
debts incurred by her associates,
wherein the United States became
ths creditor.-J. B. Failsy, 848 Ridge
field Avenue, Bridgeport, Q?nn.
Elsct Hoaso at Largo
Ws favor the proposal that mem?
bers of the House of Representa
tives bs elected st large in each
state, and not by designatsd dtstriets.
This wonld eliminats ths objection
able district obligations which are tha
source of much of the so-eslled "log
rolling" in legislation, nnd wonld
give to members of ths House ths
brosder view of affairs now enjoyed
by members of ths Senate.?H. G.
Light Wiaos aad Beer
We believe prohibition of Uquor
traffic to bs s raistake, and that reg
ulation of sams would have b*an a
better solution of the problem. The
brewery-eontrolled saloon, with its
back room, being one of ths main
causes of the liauor evil, it shoold
be eliminated and licenses issnsd on
the place, not on ths proprietor We
declare for light wines and beer and
our intention of refsrring the ques?
tion of the constitutional sraend
ment to ths voters of the countrv
H. G. Hutchinson, 706 Rivsrsids
<fTheydon 't write such English now
adays. The book is charming."
?The New York Sun.
Dr. Willis Fletcher Johnson, of The Tribune:
MY UNKNOWN CHUM is as much alive as any of the six best sellers of the current
week, and seems likely so to remain as long as there are readers to read and publishers to
publish good hterature. Nor need we wonder why. Open the book at random and read a
dozen sentencesand the question ia anawered. Read the whole from first to last and con
viction is reduplicatively confirmed. He writes in English so pure, so perfect, so unfail
ingly felicitous in every word and phrase and period, that the sensuous charm of his
speech is commensurate with the intellectual and spiritual appeal of his thoughts.
Clean Hterature and clean womanhood are the keystones of civiliza
tion, and MY UNKNOWN CHUM "is the cleanest and best
all-around book in the English Language.9*
ak WIJfS?r y?yn8r ?T old' you wil1 find "My Unknown Chum" the best of comrades all
through Me. He will introduce you to about all that is worth while?tell you how to in
vest even suffering with charm, how to manage should you, too, ever be "Hard Up in
Paris or elsewhere. His views of Cant?of Life are worth in lasting results a typhoon
?l *P<Jutln?? **?? the manicured ministers, serio-comic revivalisU and others. who with
their Croesus Christ and profiteer pewholders have abandoned the lowly Nazarene and
His followers to the three-balled mercy of neighborhood pawnbrokers.
Preachy? Not a bit of it. He'U lead you into delightful Bohemia, sip some punch
with you m an historic Boston Alley, conduet you to all that is truly best on the other
side?go with you to the theatre. there or here?take you Behind the Scenes if you like.
chat with you about the art, the pleasures of the playhouse, with never a word or
thought of the sensualistic rubbish that features only the flesh-mummer, her toothbrush
bnlliancy and the stage door?that leads to so many family scandals, domestic wreck
age and divorce.
"Life is too short for reading inferior books."?Bryce
"An Ideal Chum." You will read it often and like it better the oftener you read it_
once read it will be your chum, as it is now the chum of thousands. You will see
France, Belgium, England, Italy and America?men and women in a new light that
will make it the Chum of the home, of your traveling bag?and an ihspiration for let?
ters. It has naught to do with the horrors of war."
The essay-story of a beautiful English girl and wife will remind many a
youth and man of what he owes to womanhood in these truly chaotic times.
It fulfills to the letter Lord Rosebery's definitlon of the three-fold function of a book?"TO
P' .?? SENATOR DAVID I. WALSH, of Massachusetts:?(The only book he nas ever endorsed
to the public.) 'My Unknown Chum'?/ cannot too strongly express the pleasure and companion
shtp I found in this excellent book. lt is all that is claimed for it?even more. It is not only a com
panion, but afriend."
PHILIP GIBBS, the brilliant War Correspondent:?
" 'My Unknovm Chum' is delightful."
THOMAS G. PATTEN, Postmaster, New York:
?" 'My Unknown Chum' is the most companionable
book I have ever read."
EX-MAYOR JAMES LOGAN, Worcester, Mass.,
Vice-Chairman Y. M. C. A.:?"A friend gave me a
copy of 'My Unknovm Chum,* and since then I have
given away about ten or twelve copies. I recently
made a trip to San Francisco and took My Unknown
Chum' with mefor a second reading from cover to cover,
a thing I have not done for thirty years, i, e., read a book
the second time. It is wonderfuUy interesting."
largest wholesale bookseUers:?"'My Unknown
Chum' is a wonderfxd book?appeals tom the* cuUivated
classes. Has a remarkable sale. We s'cll more copies
than we do of many 'best selling' novels."
ALICE M. BRADLEY, author of the Belasco
production "The Governor's la&y>':?"The title,
My Unknown Chum,' most aptty descrxbes the book.
It is a chum, a confidant, with old-time manners and
aUrtime observation and philosophy. He takes you
with him and delights you. What delicious humor!
SIR THOMAS WHITE, Canadian Minister of
Finance:?"I have read 'My Unknown Chum' many
times over with great pleasure. What a beautiful,
simple, clear style, deep human sympathy and insight
it exhibits! It is indeed well named, for it is truly a
chum to those who love Hterature."
CARDINAL GASQUET, the world's foremost
scholar:?"I have read 'My Unknown Chum* wtih the
greatest possible pleasure."
FRANK IRVING FLETCHER, whose own never
signed Aphoristic English, is read daily with interest
and profit by millions of readers the world overj?
"Now and then there is a book which takes upits residence
in ihe heart while a hundred classics lie neglecUd on
the shelves. Such a book is 'My Unknown Chum/
I know Of only one other book in recent years which has
contributed so much to my pleasure or interfered to
much with my work, borrowea so much of'my time or
rewarded me so liberally with inspiration, added to
much to my electric light bili or so completdy recharged
my mental baUeries. lt isa book with a heart boat
between its covers, bright, cheery, communicative and
optimistic, written in the unaffected style of one who
speaks to his own, and altogether more like a long lost
chum than a chum unknown."
SIR CHARLES FITZPATRICK, Chief Justice of Canada:?" 'My Unknown Chum* is a wonder
ful book. I can repeatsome of the pagee almost by heart. I buy it to give to those I love and to friends
who can appreciate a good book."
Notei When you crose the Atkmtm "My Unknown Chum" (if you've read it) iciil be your chosen comrade.
A specUd travel edition ready in April.
Price $1.90 Net FttpS4$2 At tofcdsres, ?r
*THE DEVIN-AMIR COMPANY, Pnblishen, 425 Fifth Atc? New York
?. 04?ri UnwersityPme, Toronto, Canada, Agent**

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