Newspaper Page Text
EuropeaiLHotels Raising ; Prices for American Invasion
. lourisis warnea 10 Make Reservations in Advance t By Frank Getty frtrra The TrUmnerB Earovean Burse* ?UIGI, doyen of hextdwaiters stood by the little serving table near the entrance to the C-'s fa >___j grill' absent-mindedly stirring a salad dressing, humming softly to aitnself. A profiteer, who had dined well and impressed his friends, got past Luigi and out of the door with? out the usual oontribution. Still Luigi stood and stirred, that far auay look in. his eyes becoming ten? derer each moment ae he hummed' As this was unlike Lwtgi I drew ruar to htxtr the tenor of his lay. And it was this: "The Yanks are coming, the Yanks are coming!" . . , LUIGI is not the only London headwaiter who has that dreamy, faraway look in his eyes these days. And as for the hotel proprietors?well, they may frown a bit when they ponder on the certain shortage of accom? modation, but they certainly are rubbing their hands secretly in an? ticipation of the coming American invasion. Over in gay Pare? it's the same ttory. The Germans didnt get to Paris, but the hotel and restaurant people are going to make sure that the Americans do. And there, as in London, they are preparing to show the Americans who it was that really pot the H in the H. C. of L. Where Will Tfiey Sleep? Close upon 250,000 American tourists are expected in Europe this spring and summer. In the daytime they will be all right; just where they are all going to sleep remains an open problem?but it is going to cost them something, day or night The cheapness of accommodations in England and on the Continent is a legend; it went out of being with the war, so far, at least, as the large cities are concerned. With a favor? able exchange rate as the only solace to their wounded pocket books, American tourists are going to find Europe just about as expen? sive a place as they have ever "isited. Even to-day hotel rates are being .vised, and revision in this sense is not synonymous with reduction. The Incorporated Association of Hotels and Restaurants has held its annual :neeting. Exactly what was decided as to prices was not made public. The official announcement read: "The general opinion was ex? pressed that, taking into considera? tion the facts, "1. A considerable amount of hotel accommodation would be avail? able by May 1, owing to the removal <>t government offices; "2. More accommodation would be available this year than during ? the war, owing to the absence of i overseas officers and their families; j "3. The annual exodus from Lon-1 don of the usual hotel residents dur- j ing the holiday season would prob ably be greater than ever; there- j fore, there was no reason to antici- j pate any great difficulty in provid- ! ing accommodation for American ) visitors, for whom every prepara- j tion is being made by London and provincial hotels." From Paris the unofficial word is ?mething like this: j "Send us your American*;! We j don't quite know where we will put them to sleep, but send them on and leave the rest to us. Paris expects j every billiard table to do its duty!" j "rices Have Doubled i And prices? Tourists familiar, with prewar charges in London and i Paris will find the good old day3 have gone forever. Newcomers are -* for bitter disillusionment, - The ; increase has in every respect ex- i ceeded 100 per cent. Rooms, board, restaurant charges, tips ? all the tariffs have soared. It will not by | any means be entirely profiteering ; j ;he cost of living in England and j f ranee has increased all round in [ ? ke proportion. Of course, the in- i -iux of thousands of American visi? tors, with demand everywhere ex 1 ceding supply, will have a lot to do *v-th it. Hotel proprietors intimate 'hat prices will be even higher when summer comes. The best of it is that they have a J new excuse. For the last five years ! jt has been "C'est la guerre!" Now : rt s "the American exchange." The ?American tourist to-day could get , seven ?1 notes for $25, where be? fore he would have received only five. He will find that the seven1 will purchase only what he could ! h*ve secured for three and a half be *??e the war. * do not know what they are '. charging in New York hotels these ' toys, but it must be remembered ' that In a New York hotel you get : ?erviae of which they do not even . ?now the meaning in London. The ? cl?ef difficulty with London hotels ?;> their extreme inefficiency (as ? jadged by American standards) ? ?when it comes to catering to the 1 complete comfort of guests. One is i "The Yanks Are Coming!" "the Yanks Are Coming! 99 tfe ?** ?iHfileU just as likely as not to find the water cold in the morning (the boiler has burst again), or the electric light annoyingly dim (there has been a strike at the power plant). Valet? ing takes a week. Not even the very best of London hotels have baths with a majority of the rooms. Compare the prices with those of New York. There is a certain amount of uniformity in the charges of all the good hotels, so the follow? ing tariff is typical: Single bedroom, without bath, $5 and up. (That is, $5 for the smallest of its top-story rooms, with a nar? row bed and no running water.) Double bedroom, with bath, $12 and up. Sitting room, double bedroom, bath, $25 and up. Sitting room, two bedrooms and bath, $47 and up. The table d'h?te lunch of four courses, without wine or coffee, is about $1.75 at the present favorable rate of exchange; the dinner, $2.75. These table charges, compared with those of the instaurants, are ex? tremely moderate. Elsewhere pre? war prices have been practically trebled. Drinks Up, Too American tourists used to drink lots of wine in Europe. "You can get it so cheap over here." Not any more. Glance at the wine list of any hotel or restaurant, not just the best. The better known brands of America ^^"^T"W TE in America have al ^yW^ ways been a little " * afraid, or, rather, we have stood in great awe of the fine arts. We have looked upon the product of genius as a phenomenon. But instead of con? sidering it as the Europeans do, as God Inspired, to be worshipped in masses at its shrine and to be prayed to for understanding that will make for a more worth while apprecia? tion, we have been inclined to think of genius as devil provoked, some? thing to be avoided rather than sought." This is the way C. Breck Trow bridge, famous architect and vice president of the American Academy in Rome, picturesquely puts the case of American art, apropos of the an? nouncement that the Academy has Just launched a campaign for a million dollar fund. "In the century and a half since our Declaration of Independence we, as a nation, have been too busy hustling in the pursuit of distinction in so-called practical lines to give champagne, 40 to 50 shillings a bottle; Burgundies, 20 to 30 shil? lings; claret, 10 to 15 shillings. American cocktails, so called by courtesy, are always 60 cents; whisky- But it's a shame to write about this sort of thing when every one in America can't come over. A business man's lunch runs to about $2.50; if he has his wife with him, and the headwaiter gets busy, to $5. To take a party of four to dinner at one of the more fashion? able restaurants, with the usual complements of wine, coffee and liqueurs, costs anywhere from $20 up. Cigars and cigarettes are dearer here than in America; even to-day an additional 15 per cent has been added to the price of all brands. Paris is ahead of London in two ; ways. It has comparatively more ? room for the expected American i tourists, having ejected its govern | ment officials from the various ? hotels with commendable prompti ! tude, and its prices are much higher. J If the cost of living in London hai I risen more than 100 per cent since ? the good old days, it has increased : by more than 250 per cent in Paris, i What pays for a suite here will buj i a room for the night in Paris ; meals | cost at least twice as much. And this is Paris! Paris of the little caf? ! restaurant, where, under the gay I awning in? the summer time one ? could get a seven course chicken ns Are i > ! much attention to a subject whicl I requires not only thought but con \ templation?the building up of ouj national arts and letters. America's Defects **So America has been accused and no doubt rightly, of having n< artistic background. Sociologist? have gone so far as to point to th? fact that we not only have had n< native art, but that we were evei sadly lacking in folklore, which i; supposed to be the germ from whicl spring the higher manifestations o\ culture. "Of course, America has produce? artists and men of letters even be fore the Revolution, and she hai turned out many inventors, financia geniuses and talented authors since but the fact remains that her quota of celebrated painters, sculptors, mu sicians, architects and men of letter: whose influence has been interna tional is very small compared witl that of Prance, Germany, Italy Spain and Great Britain. "Twenty-five years ago, afte: more than a century and a quarto: of military, political and commer cial triumphs, fj}te time seemed rip for the laying of a campaign fo dinner with a bottle of vin rouge for j five francs. Parisian hotel proprietors never j enjoyed a more profitable season I ashamed conquests in the field of letters and fine arts. "A group of men, consisting of the finest product of our American citizenship, conceived a glorious ideal for the'development of Ameri? can genius. Headed by Charles F. ! McKim, Saint-Gaudens and Frank i Millet, masters in their chosen art, and supported by such men as Dan- ' iel Burnham, J. Pierpont Morgan, i William K. Vanderbilt, Henry Frick i and Henry Walters, they founded the American Academy in Rome, i which holds out to the gifted youth of America exactly the same privi? leges which the French Academy has offered to the geniuses of France since the reign of Louis XIV. Products of the School "That the plan was ideal and the realization fine is testified by the : fact that during the last quarter of i ; a century the American Academy in ! Rome has produced in the fine arts ? such architects as John Russell j : Pope, H. Van Buren Magonigle, F. ' Livingston Pell and Harry Allen Jacobs; such sculptors as Paul Man- < ship, Hermon A. ,MacNeil, Albin ] Pol&sek and Charles JKeck, and such painters as George W. Breck, Harry ? i than during 1919, in the days of the peace conference, when delegations from various Allied countries and America swooped down upon the to A dm i Faulkner, Ezra Winter and Eugene Savage, and has, from the School of Classical Studies, furnished our universities and schools with nearly one hundred and fifty professors trained in the humanistic as opposed to the pedantic spirit, among them such men as Howard Crosby Butler, John R. Crawford, Dean Lockwood, Walter Lowerie, Ralph V. Magoffln, Esther B. Van Deman and James C. Egbert "Now, after all these years of success, the sponsors and trustees of the Academy find that compara? tively few university men, and haTd ly any of the public who are not specifically interested in educational matters, know anything about their, ideals and the scope of their work and very little about the results they have accomplished. "For this condition the Academy ! has primarily to blame itself. It has j been too busy striving to realize its j vision for the artistic and scholastic future of America to have much time to talk or write about its work. "Now, all of us. who are inter? ested -in the Academy are pausing long enough to realize that unless we can induce the American people to take the Academy in Rome to j 'HAT is the refrain that t of European headwaitei harvest of the I French capital and took possession, I throwing away francs like scraps of paper. Prices were inflated beyond i recognition, but government ex ! chequers were paying the bills. \ American and Allied officers on ! leave made counting the day's re? ceipts the most enjoyable of occa? sions. So all Paris hopes for is an even better season this year. Most of the rumora as to the probable number of American tour? ists are extravagant. Some have : placed it as high as half a million; people who pretend to be expert in that sort of thing estimate the in : vaders' strength at about 200,000. Not that this number, or anything like it, will be here at any one time, but that '200,000 Americans will visit Europe between May and Sep? tember. Probably a majority of them will visit both London and Paris. It is also expected that a considerable number of tourists will arrive this year from Canada, South Africa, Australia and New Zealand. Shipping Restricted I The first obstacle which the i i prospective American tourist will encounter will be, of course, the shipping problem. Upon the amount of shipping available dependa the t a Love I their hearts, as the French people have for several centuries cherished theirs; unless they can make the man and woman in every strata of the social scale realize that the prize of a three years' fellowship is some? thing for which all who feel they have the gift, whether it is for paint? ing, sculpturing, music, writing or any of the fine arts, must strive, they will have only partly succeeded jn their great work. "How was this to be accomplished? The question was put to the various committees of the Academy just as they were planning a campaign for a million dollar fund." "Why not," it was suggested, "ex? tend to the millions of people in the United States the privilege of con? tributing, in small sums, toward this fund?" The idea was heartily in? dorsed. "For the past twenty-five years," Mr. Trowbridge explained, ; "the American Academy in Rome has been supported through generous subscriptions from the few wealthy men and women in the United States. who have had the prophetic vision to realize America's great need for just such an institution. These men are still mo?e than willing to continue to'contribute. But we \$puld rather irums incessantly in the heads "8 and others as they vision the j coming summer ' number ef visitors Europe can re? ceive from the United States. There will not be more ships available than in 1913?probably there will be fewer. The U-boat's work has not been entirely repaired. "Book early" seems to be the order of the day. j Already leading steamship lines re ; port advance bookings in extraor? dinary numbers. First class trans? portation is going to be at a pre? mium. Hotels Will Be Full Having assured himself of pass? age to Europe, the tourist's troubles have only just begun if, i. e., he is i to avoid further and more certain ! : troubles in the near future. The j ! next step is engaging hotel accom- I modations in London or Paris. I can ! , only pass along the advice of one of * Thomas Cook & Sons' London man- ? 1 agers: ? i "It would be most unwise for j | any traveler, especially, a stran- j ger, to arrive either in London or I j Paris during the season without j ' having previously made definite j I arrangements for accommodation. j The hotels in both cities are cer ; tain to have their capacities taxed ! to the uttermost. A little fore- j for Art have ten thousand contributions of j $5 each, coming from all over the country and from the average citi? zen, than one bulk sum of $50,000 from any one wealthy individual. To Admit Women "Part of the fund is to go toward j the increased cost of maintaining j the already established fellowships? architecture, painting and sculpture, ? j literature and the classical studies. But the bulk of the money would be used for the founding of three new fellowships in landscape architec? ture and of three new musical com? position fellowships, and for the providing of such accommodation for women as may be required by the very important fact that the Acad? emy will for the first time in history open its doors to women. ? "All of these innovations will fill long-felt wants," Mr. Trowbridge pointed out. "We had long ago de? cided that it was only fair to women and to art to give them an equal opportunity with men to compete for the fellovtohips in the Academy. The genius of women, as well as that of men, cannot bear its perfect fruit v. it hout cultivation." Rates Have Doubled and Other Ex? penses Soar -_ ! sight now will save an infinitude ! of inconvenience, disappointment f and annoyances later on." Many of London's largest an? | best hotels were commandeered by the government for the period oi the war, and many of the govern ment departments are still in them ! The well known Cecil on the weJ | known Strand still houses spurrco ! subalterns and gum-chewing flap | pers in suites worth thousands to ? frantic proprietor. Several hotel; have, of course, been recently re leased, but they will not be available for the accommodation of traveler* i for many months to come. Some of j the larger hotels have even beer i purchased byv industrial concerns a. ! offices. As"Goests" One answer to the hotel shortag? j has been suggested. Why should j not Americans with the money ar.c the inclination live as paying guests in some of the beautifu' country estates some distance out from London? There can always b? found people of good social positicr who would be glad to accommodai I American guests in this way. A recent advertisement in the per j sonal column of "The Times" read ; AMERICAN gentleman, tourist, wife, two daughters, coming London la Jun?. would like become paying guest? ?om? fine old JBnglish country estate, where could keep at least two cars: ; aporta, hunting, etc., it possible; ex? pense no consideration. The advertiser was overwhelmei with replies. For various reason many owners of country houses ar prepared to accept limited number of guests on some such arrangemen as the above. The thing need no 'necessarily be done on such a larg : scale. There are also many privat ? hotels which are anxious to cater t j this sort of visitor. Many American tourists spend | considerable part of their time 1 | the Shakespeare country, or tli ! Lake districts, or Wales, all of whic helps relieve the congestion in Loi don. The British capital never exper enced difficulty in coping with ? influx of tourists in prewar daj ! and so is hopeful of pulling throuj; i this coming season. If only tl stream of American tourists w "keep moving" and not stagna in London, hotel proprietors are n anticipating too much troubl Those who own the little hostelri? on the outskirts of the city are lool ing forward with pleasurable ai ticipation to receiving some of tl overflow. In prewar days it w? the custom for tourists to congr? gate in the largest of London's hi tels and scorn the more atteactft tariffs but less convenient locatior of the suburbs. This year it is g( ing to be a question of "getting i anywhere." Even the famous watei \ ing places, one or two hours' run oi j of London, expect to receive hur ? dreds of American visitors who ma I be unable to secure accommodatio i in London. Just how many millions of do lars Europe expects American toui ists to spend cannot be estimate?: All they have, at any rate. Battlefields the Feature The chief feature of Europe th coming year will, of course, be th battlefields, particularly those o which the American forces fough Elaborate arrangements for partit to tour the sacred ground in Flat ders and France have been mad Hundreds of ex-officers, fluent i their French conversation and we informed as? to the lay of the Ian are planning to act as guides. Oi company which builds airships even considering arranging an aeri trip for the wealthier visitors in dirigible of the Zeppelin type, fro which the whole sweep of the ter tory which was so fiercely disput for over four years can be taken at a glance. This question of visiting the bi tlefields leads back to a considei tion of the hotel problem which have not mentioned before, rar as I have said, is goine: to crowded to the limit. Arrd prtc a?e going to be high. But betwe Paris and the battlefields lie mai quite respectably sized cities whi will be prepared to accommoda tourists at prices far below those the French capital. The cost of living, which has sh up everywhere in the largest citi of Europe, has, if anything, d creased somewhat since the war these smaller places. Moreover, su luxuries as eggs, butter, milk a good wine, which will be as scar as they will be expensive in Par can be had in plentiful quantiti at reasonable prices in the outlyi districts. Besides being more co fortable and more picturesque, th? towns and cities are, many of the within the, actual war zone, and are clos?* to the fields which Am ?can? w?U want to visit.