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Vol. LXXX No. 20,853
(ConjTlght, mo,
?w York Tribune Inc.)
First to Last ? the Truth : News ? Editorials ? A dvertisements
Local showers to-day; to-morrow
cloudy, probably showers; east
to northeast winds.
Fall Report on l?*t Pace
MONDAY, MAY 24, 1920
In (firenter New York
Witiilit 200 MilPH
Einen here
Penrose Has
Relapse; Is
Critically 111
Pennsylvania Senator Not
in Immediate Danger,
Physicians Announce ;
Heart Causing Trouble
Politicians Put in
Awkward Position
Can't Attend Convention
and Watson Is Likely
toTakeOver Leadership
United States Senator Boies Pen
rose, who has been ill at his home
here since last fall, had a relapse
yesterday and was reported to-night
to be in serious condition. His phy
: thai although the Sen?
ator is very ill he is in no immediate
Special Dispatch to The Tribune
PHILADELPHIA, May 23. ? While
Ir.ghton Taylor, private secretary to '
Senator Penrose, to-night denied that :
the Senator had suffered a relapse, I
there is a persistent report that at a
consultation of Senator Penrose's phy?
sicians Saturday it was found thatTai'
ure of his heart to function satisfac?
torily resulted in his present condition.
The first inkling that reached the
public of Senator Penrose's con- '
dition came last Tuesday, when, for the
first time during his political career,
he failed to vote at the primaries, not?
withstanding the fact that a bitter
contest was in progress between the
Administration forces under Mayor
Moore and the Vare faction.
Despite'the denial of Mr. Taylor that
the Senator had suffered a relapse, it.
was learned to-night tnat the Senator's
brother, Dr. Charles ]B. Penrose, and
Dr. Herbert B. Carpenter had been in
constant attendance at the Penrose
home all day, and would remain during
the night.
It is understood that his physicians
attribute his relapse to his having
overtaxed himself in receiving callers
snd in otherwise attempting to direct
political affairs both nationally and in
this city and state.
Senator Penrose had been counting
confidently unon attending the Repub?
lican National Convention, which meets
in Chicago June 8, and had chartered a
.-pc-cial car for the trip.
Convention Plans?
Instead of going to a hotel, at the
suggestion of his friend Mayor William
Hale Thompson of Chicago, Senator
Penrose accepted an invitation to oc?
cupy private apartments close to the
convention hall and the headquarters
of the diff?rent candidates in the state
The Senatoj- was reported to have
been benefited by his trip South. A
few days after he got back from Flor?
ida he hud a relapse and had to
deny himself to all callers for more
than a week.
At that time Doctor Carpenter ex?
plained Mr. Penrose's condition was
due to tho strain upon his depleted
physical resources in his journey north
and the fact that he had taken a fresh
cold on the trip. He also explained
that the Senator immediately plunged
into work as though he had not been
?I!, and this in a great measure ac?
counted for his failure to respond to
Following his recovery from this re?
versal, Senator Penrose resumed his
activities in connection with the na?
tional political canvass. Daily he re?
ceived important callers, including
members of the Republican National
Committee, personal representatives of
nearly all of those who have been
mentioned prominently for the Presi- j
dency, members of both branches of I
Congress and others who will be factors j
t at the Chicago convention. National
Chairman Hay. has made several visits j
'o him since the Senator's return from
the South and was among the last to
talk with him before he went to Florida.
From The Tribune's Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, May 23. -News from
Philadelphia that Senator Penrose had
?uffered a relapse was taken by Re
publicans here to end all hope that the
Pennsylvania Senator would be able to
?o to Chicago for the Republican con?
vention, as he had hoped to do.
It is known here that, contemplating
?ne possibility that he would not be
*Me to go, Senator Penrose already
rM notified many of his trusted lieu?
tenants, not only in Pennsylvania, but
throughout the country, that he would
?ke them to consult with Senator
?'cmes E. Watson, of Indiana, at Chi?
cago. This was not taken to mean
-hat Mr. Penrose was handing his
?>>antle over to Senator Watson, it
wag understood that he meant he
would keep in constant telephone com?
munication with Mr. Watson, and thus
save himself the strain of talking to
a 'arge number of leaders, passing his
?*n word down the line through the
?-idiana Senator.
Penrose for Watson
Mr. Watson is known to be a strong
fayonte with Mr. Penrose. It has been
wieved by intimates of both for some
?me that, if the Pennsylvania Senator
fought it possible, he would like noth?
ing better than to throw the nomina
n?n to Watson.
ofA\tt0 Mr" Watson taking the place
t Mr. Penrose if the Pennsylvania
?-'nator is so ill during the conven
," 'hat he cannot be consulted on
Political problems at all, politicians
'" to-night were unwilling to take
"aP Judgment. Manv of them rather
j^U?lrt that Mr. Watson would be the
eical "old Guard" leader, especially
* no one of this group except Mr.
pow e ,himse!f is still a political
er. The voluntary retirement of
lion i a^?r Murr?y Crane from the Na?
ns' Committee was pointed to as a
ljJ?_ indication of this,
of M *_" *,er* douhts that the absence
in ?*' enr08e? especially if he is not
dista * t0 be consulted over the long
'o b fu te'ePhone, as is now expected
diffe' Case' w'" ,n?ke a tremendous
'?ence at the Chicago convention,
"?spite his long illness, Mr. Penrose
ttev k a 8tron_er position than he has
'<__ en at Hny Republican National
?"??ntion. Due to his victory at the
E2k_?*y ele<;tion in Philadelphia,
ct?? i e ho was stricken, and his suc
?ari LWe<;k in the Republican pri
rle?, he was in more complete con
C??tUu?t! ?x w thrm
League to Postpone
inquiry in Russia
Special Cable to The Tribune
Copyright, 1920. New York Tribune Inc.
ROME, May 23.?The council
of the league of nations has de?
cided to postpone indefinitely its
projected investigation of condi?
tions in Russia through a com?
mission. The Bolsheviki have
?ntil June 15 to reply to an in?
quiry, s?nt by the council asking
whether the Lenine-Trotzky gov?
ernment is willing to receivc
a commission representing the
league, but the general feeling
here is that the military opera?
tions on the Polish front and the
invasion of Persia by the Soviet
armies have complicated the situ?
ation so the league cannot pro
ceed with its investigation foi
some time.
Gompers Calls
For Overturn
Of Congress
Summons Workers to Join
in Eliminating Enemies
and Electing Friends to
Overcome Unjust Laws
Incompetent, He Says
Asserts Lawmakers Failed to
Pass Needed Measures
Aimed at Profiteering
Samuel Gompers, president of the
American Federation of Labor, writing
in "The American Federationist," sum?
mons all workers and citizens to join
at the coming elections to force an
"overturn" in Congress?the elimina?
tion of enemies and the election of
friends. He declares the working
people of the United States "are to?
day speaking in mandatory terms and
have reached the point where they will
no longer endure or suffer injustice
by legislative enactment and profiteer?
ing by private pirates."
"Labor's Protest Against a Rampant
Tragedy" is the title of Gompers's ar?
ticle, which takes up the, entire cur
? rent issue of the official organ, "The
He charges flagrant legislative dis?
criminations against labor and says
"appeals of the wage earners for re?
lief from profiteering, relief from the
high cost of living, relief from reduc
| tion of wages have been made under
conditions most aggravatine, only to
t be m?"t with deception, if not treach?
ery." He declares the high cost of
living is '^paramount issue with the
American fljople."
Discusses Railroad Strike
American labor has plodded under
? terrible restraint, Gompers contends.
i The recent insurgent strike among
! railroad workers was one of the symp
i toms of America's labor trouble, he
! declares.
"Only two classes of people were
i surprised by that outburst," declares
? the Federation chief, "the 'ignorant
and the blind.' To be sure, the rail?
road workers used tactics that were
entirely wrong and foredoomed to
failure. Howevir, the undeniable fact
is that they acted in response to a
situation that was aggravating in the
extreme, a situation which has been
for two years clamoring for relief, a
situation which officials and employers
had failed to comprehend and failed
to meet and which had been made the
plaything and footbaH of officials and
"The great body of railroad workers
has shown a patriotic restraint and
long-suffering forbearance.
"American labor generally has had a
sense of responsibility and of duty to
humanity, while those who profiteer in
the products of industry have cast
aside all honor, all restraint, all de?
cency, all consideration for human wel?
Five Demands Are Made
Mr. Gompers excoriates Congress for
alleged incompetence in handling the
high cost of living problem and for
alleged restrictive labor legislation.
He condemns the Attorney General and
the Department of Justice *or "comedy"
activity against profiteers. He cites
profiteering and the increased high cost
of living as against unequal earnings
of labor. He then puts forth organized
labor's platform in five demands
against what he terms the "assaults
from pirates of commerce and trade."
They are:
First Immediate adjustment of
wages, both in private employment
and in government service, to at
(Continua* an ?*?? three)
Wilson Orders Shearing
Of White House Sheep
Flock Will Be Stripped of Wool
To-morrow; Disposition of
Product Not Known
From The Tribune's Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, May 23.?Woodrow
' Wilson, sheep raiser, will harvest his
annual crop of wool Tuesday. The
i White House flock, including forty-six
sheep, twenty-six of which have abun
I dant yields of wool, will be sheared on
order of the President.
How the fleece will be disposed of
has not been made known. Last year
the wool was given to the American
' Red Cross and auctioned to the highest
| bidders. The 1919 yield averaged five
pounds a sheep, and netted the Red
Cross a considerable sum.
The decision to shear the flock is be?
lieved to have been hastened by a de?
sire of the President to make the sheep
inore presentable to sightseers. Re?
moval of the flock from the south part
of the White House grounds to the
lawns in front may have benefited the
i sheep, but it has given an unsightly
> appearance to the heretofore well-kept
lawns of the Pennsylvania side.
What constitute Kooif results? Not flU
im- your ofllce. with "Job-hunters, not
waatlna valuable timi> Interviewing under
?trablo applicants, but In srettin? what you
desire with the ?Vast possible trouble and
s,;?,0 ??all the ?Uood Morning l.lrl.
I "'. , I ?nan ?U00. and *\ve h,>r your adver?
tisement tor to-morrow's Triune.--Advt.
Lawyers Offer
$2,500 Reward
For Bergdoll
Sum Is Announced After
Conference in Washing?
ton of Counsel for the
Escaped Draft Evader
Nation-Wide Net Is Cast
Circulars With Minute De?
scription Sent to Civil
and Military Authorities
From The Tribune's Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, May 23.?A reward
of $2,500 for the apprehension and de?
livery to the military authorities of
Grover Cleveland Bergdoll, millionaire
draft slacker, who escaped from mili?
tary guard at Philadelphia Friday, was
offered to-day by" Bergdoll's attorneys,
] D. Clarence Gibboney, of Philadelphia,
I and E. T. Ansell and E. S. Bailey, of
| Washington.
j The attorneys admitted that theyhad
no clew to the fugitive's whereabouts.
Adjutant General Peter C. Harris,
j who granted the permission for Berg
j doll's temporary absence from the Fort
? Ja?- military prison to search for the
[ alleged hidden treasure of $150,000, lei
it be known that the War Department
; would exert all efforts to capture the
| fugitive, although primarily holding
I the attorneys responsible for the es
i cape.
j The War Department has had print
j ed thousands of circulars, with minute
| descriptions of Bergdoll, which will be
j sent broadcast to call attention of
j civilian and military authorities to the
| case. The nominal reward of $50 will
be paid by the department to the per?
son who catches the fugitive.
Decision Reached at Conference
The decision to offer the reward o1
$2,500 was made at a conference o?
the prisoner's counsel in the Wash;
ington office of Colonel Ansell and Mr
I Bailey. Mr. Gibboney came to Wash?
ington early to-day,and was in con
ference with his associates for severa
hours. Together they framed the fol
lowing notice:
"We, the undersigned, hereby offei
a reward of twenty-five hundred dollar!
($2,500) to any person for the appre
hension and delivery to the proper mili
tary authorities, at any military post o:
? station, of Grover Cleveland Bergdoll
j an escaped military prisoner. The re
ward will be paid immediately upoi
| receipt of official notice from the ad
I jutant general of the army by eithe
] of the undersigned of the deliver;
| of the prisoner into military cus
! tody and of the name of the persoi
entitled to the reward."
Adjutant General Harris has takei
charge of the army's search for th
fugitive. He explained that he au
thorized the trip of Bergdoll from For
Jay to Philadelphia with the expr?s
understanding Irom the prisoner'
counsel that he would go immediatel
to the place where the treasure wa
said to be hidden, and upon recoverin
it be returned immediately to For
Jay. He said the authority granted th
attorneys was limited to this errant
and contended tnat the removal o
Bergdoll to his home placed full re
sponsibility on the attorneys for hi
return to the military authorities.
Attorneys' Pledge Violated
General Harris said that the ai
torneys agreed to have an automobil
awaiting the prisoner at the Nort
Philadelphia station, and that th
failure of the Philadelphia attorne
to provide this conveyance had bee
an element in the decision of the di
partment to hold the attorneys r<
sponsible for Bergdoll's custody an
safe return to the Fort Jay militar
Although Attorney Gibboney jojne
his associates in offering a reward ft
the capture, he disavowed respons
| bility for Bergdoll's custody while i
: Philadelphia. He said he was not en
! powered to guard the prisoner; th?
j the military authorities of Fort Ji
? had sent two non-commissioned off
; cers to watch the movements of Ber?
I doll, and he asserted the guards we
| derelict., in their duty by permittir
; the prisoner to leave them.
Bergdoll's attorneys said they wil
! ingly would cooperate with the i
i spector general's department of tl
! army in the investigation of the ca
ordered by Secretary Baker. Colon
Ansell, who handled the arrangemen
with Adjutant General Harris for Ber
doll's trip, said he would place at tl
disposal of the War Department all i
formation they receive from perso
who know of Bergdoll's whereabou
and otherwise assist in clearing i
the case.
; Theories Vary on
BergdolVs Fligh
U. S. Agents Believe E
cape Took Place Earlu
Than Was Reporte
Special Dispatch to The. Tribune
ment of Justice agents believe tl
Grover Cleveland Bergdoll, who escap
from two military guards at 1
mother's home in Wynnefield, may i
have disappeared Friday afternoon,
reported, but at some time betwe
2:55 o'clock that afternoon and
o'clock the preceding night. This i
parently was borne out to-day by M
Eugene Stecher, wife of Ike Stech
Grover's chauffeur.
According to Mrs. Stecher, her h
band came home in the machine 1
Thursday afternoon, ran inside th
home on the Westchester Pike, i
said: "Don't wait for me for sup:
to-night." He ran out of the hou
jumped into the machine, in which
other man was sitting, and, with
even saying goodby, was off. Who
other man in the machine was is
known, and Mrs. Stecher has not s?
(Continued w p?j? el(ht)
When you gc
I to the country
this summer don't forget to
have The Tribune follow
. hi. Let us arrange to have
!; mailed?both daily and
Sunday?just phone Beek
man 3000, or write out
Subscription Department
It's the best way to keep ir
touch with the up-to-the
minute news of the day.
Dowager Queen9s Sight
impaired by Illness
LONDON, May 28.?Queen
Alexandra, according to an offi?
cial report issued to-day, ha?
been suffering from a sever?
bronchial attack, which is now
"During a violent attack of
coughing a small blood vessel
burst in one of the Queen's eyes
causing troublesome impairment
of the vision," says the state?
ment. "It is hoped that with care
and rest this inconvenience will
pass, but her majesty's engage?
ments must to some extent be de?
pendent upon the progress made."
Troops Called
As 1,000 Storm
Jail for Negro
Cavalry From Fort Myer
Disperses Mob 12 Miles
From Washington; Man
Slain and Fiancee Robbed
Captive Makes Confession
Girl, Secretary to Repre?
sentative Britten, Gives
Details of the Crime
WASHINGTON, May 23.?A detach?
ment of cavalry from Fort Myer to?
night dispersed a mob of more than a
thousand persons which had sur?
rounded the jail at Alexandria Court
House, Va., twelve miles from here, at?
tempting to obtain possession of Will?
iam Turner, a negro.
The troops, dispatched to the scene
at the request of the Sheriff of Alex?
andria County, have been stationed
about the jail. The village was reported
quiet late to-night.
Turner is accused of having shot to
death T. Morgan Moore, an employee
of the naval torpedo plant at Alex?
andria, Va., and of having attempted
to attack Miss Pearl Clark, of Wash?
ington, Moore's fianc?e and secretary
to Representative Britten, of Illinois.
The negro was arrested early to-day,
about two hours after Moore was
killed. Turner later confessed, accord?
ing to the authorities.
Moore and Miss Clark, according to
the report made to Virginia and Wash?
ington authorities by the latter, were
seated in an automobile near the Vir?
ginia end of the Potomac River bridge
connecting Washington and Virginia
when the negro approached them.
Pointing a revolver at Moore, Miss
Clark said, the negro demanded money.
When Moore refused, Miss Clark said,
she became frightened and jumped
from the machine and the negro
started after her. Then Moore, ac?
cording to Miss Clark, seized a revol?
ver from a door pocket of the auto?
mobile and fired at the black.
In an exchange of shots Moore was
shot through the heart and the negro
struck in the leg and hand. Accord?
ing to Miss Clark, he continued to pur?
sue her until she hair given him some
Turner, who is said to answer the
description given by Miss Clark of
the assailant, ?was captured in the vi?
cinity of Arlington National Cemetery.
The police say Turner bore two wound?;,
one in the hand and the other in the leg,
when arrested.
Moore and Miss Clark, whose home is
in Chicago, were to be married soon.
Johnson Leads in
Oregon by 774
incomplete Returns (rire I
Senator 409543, Wood]
PORTLAND, Ore., May 28?Senator j
Hiram W. Johnson had a lead of 774
votes over Major General Leonard j
Wood for the Oregon Republican Presi-*j
dential preference, according to figures
tabulated to-night by the Portland
"Oregonian." These figures are based
on complete returns from 412 of the
413 precincts in Multnomah County
(Portland ) complete returns from twelve
and incomplete returns from the other
twenty-three countie? of the state.
The vote stood Johnson 40,543, Wood
39,769, Lowden 14.487, Hoover 13,036.
In the contest between Senator
George E. Chamberlain and Harvey !
Starkweather for the Democratic nom- ?
?nation for United States Senator the
vote stood: Chamberlain, 12,885; ;
Starkweather, 7,1.58.
Robert B. Stanfield had a heavy ma?
jority over Albert Abraham for the
Republican Senatorial nomination on
the face of the incomplete returns.
Dr. Esther Poole Lovejoy was lead
ing Mrs. Alexander Thompson for the I
Democratic nomination for Represent?i
tive of the Third Congressional Dis
trict (Portland). In the second Con- !
gressional District Representative N. j
J. Sinnott, Republican, had a comfort?
able lead for renomination.
Rail Clerks Defy Chiefs
ATLANTA, May 23. ? Leaders of |
striking Central of Georgia Railroad
clerks announced to?night that the
clerks w.ould disregard the warning of
railroad officials that failure to return
to work to-morrow would result in
the filling of their places.
.The strike, which started nearly a
week ago, and which is effective in half
a dozen Georgia cities and towns in ad- !
dition to Atlanta, is said by the clerks
to have resulted from the refusal of ;
the road to grant them a conference j
for discussion of higher wages. Rail-]
road officials assert the strike is illegal, j
since all wage matters are for deter?
mination by the Railroad Labor Board.
American Aviator Missing
WARSAW, May 23.?Lieutenant Har- '
mon C. Rorison, of Wilmington, N. C, !
a pilot in the Kosciusko Aerial Squad- j
ron, has been missing for several days,
since he began a flight to obtain a re?
port concerning the Bolshevik lines on
the southern front in the Ukraine. ,1
The Polish military authorities are
of the opinion that he either was shot
down by the'enemy or forced to land
inside the Bolshevik unes. Efforts
have been made to ascertain the fate ?
of the aviator by wireless.
i A
Plots in U. S.
Directed by
Chief of Staff Said Shutting
Off of Munitions to the
Entente Nations in 1915
Meant German Victory
Pa*pen Bares Messages
Gen. Wood Accused Him of
Plan to Land U-Boats and
Blow Up N. Y. Subways
BERLIN, May 23 (By The Associated
Press).?"If you succeed in measurably
restricting American deliveries of war
materials to the Entente until the end
of 1915 we will, in all probability, have
won the war."
General von Falkenhayn, then chief
of the German General Staff, wrote |
thus to Captain Franz von Papen, Ger
man military attache at Washington, :
in the spriRg of that year. The state
ment, which comprised part of the !
evidence submitted by Von Papen in a
recent hearing before a parliamentary
commission, was amplified by him to
the extent that he directed his e'fforts
to this end.?
Captain von Papen at the time was
secretly examined by the National As?
sembly Commission, which also heard
Count von Bernstorff, the former Ger?
man Ambassador to the United States
His evidence is only now made public.
New York Plot Exposed
In describing the efforts of the
United States to follow his activities
in that country, von Papen said:
"General Wood once asked me to call
on him at Governor's Island. He was
very cordial, and smilingly told me
'several persons have called on me and
given me a detailed plan of a plot, j
which you, captain, are supposed to
have worked out. The scheme provides
for the landing of German U-boats at
New York, which would then proceed
to blow up the subway tunnels and
the city's water mains. We have your
complete plans, where you propose to
place your explosives and what points
you will attack. Complete evidence is
in my possession. You may see it if
you are interested.'
"We did not waste a single word
over the matter. But the incident
shows the methods used against us at
the time."
Von Papen touched uoon what he
called the unneutral attitude of offi?
cial quarters in Washington, the Amer?
ican courts and political circles, and
declared that the British military
attach? was permitted to operate un?
molested and givc-n the nupport of offi?
cial quarters and the American Secret
? Service.
Agreed With Bernstorff
Von Papen declared he was of the.
same opinion politically as von Bern?
storff, with respect to the American
situation, and so informed General von
Falkenhayn when he returned after
his recall from Washington.
"If you do not succeed in keeping
the United States out of the enemy
coalition, you will have lost the war,"
von Papen informed the chief of staff.
He added tnat tremendous material
and moral assets were at the disposal
of America. "But," continued von
Papen, "these were so imperfectly ap?
praised here that I deemed it necessary
to enlighten German public opinion
concerning them."
The military attach? obtained the
consent of von Jagow, Foraign Secre?
tary, to appear before the German ed?
itors to inform them on the German
attitude, but Major Nicoll, chief of the
press and espionage division of the
general staff, opposed the plan.
After detailing the plans to corner
war materials in the United States,
control factories, divert labor and pre?
vent munitions from reaching the En?
tente, von Papen said the theft of Dr.
Albert's portfolio containing outlines
of the scheme brought the secret into
the Entente's possession.
Dr. Heinrich Albert, imperial German j
Privy Councillor, succeeded Dr. Dern
burg as,director of German propaganda
in this country during the war. In
1916 a portfolio of documents, including
numerous letters and messages showing
that Dr. Albert was in communication L
with men who were ready to foment
industrial troubles for money, was stol
en from the Privy Councillor and its
contents were published. Dr. Albert de?
nied at the time that he was an insti?
gator of strikes, declaring the letters
merely snowed that men were for hire ,
for that purpose and not that he bad
hired them.
Berlin "Vorwaerts" Wants
To Know Who Lost the War
GENEVA, May 23.?Under the cap?
tion, "Who Lost the War?" the Berlin
"Vorw?rts" publishes two documents,
signed by Field Marshal von Hinden- :
burg and General Ludendorff, former
Quartermaster General, dated in Oc- '
tober, 1918, asking the German govern?
ment to make peace immediately.
Ludendorff's request was dated October
1 and that of von Hindenburg Octo
be'r ~.
"They say they were stabbed in the
back by the Socialists," says the "Vor?
w?rts," which then asks the question,
"Who lost the war?"
Condemned Man Asks
To Die on His Birthday
Sing Sing Warden Refuses to
Change Date of Execution
From Next Thursday
8peciol Dispatch to The Tribune
OSSINING, N. Y, May 23.?Walter
Levandowski, one of seven Sing Sing
prisoners whose death has been set 1
for Thursday night, wrote to-day to ?
Warden Lewis E. Lawes asking him to
let him die Wednesday.
"Put my execution a day ahead," he
wrote, "and let me die on May 26,
which is my twenty-sixth birthday."
He explained that he regarded his
birthday as the unluckiest day of his
life and thought his twenty-sixth
would be a most fitting time for his
death. Warden Lewis refused to grant
the request, one reason being that the
others whose death has been set for I
Thursday have a superstitious objection
to any change in the plans.
Although seven are slated to die
Thursday and invitations are to be sent
out to-day, it is regarded as certain ,
tTfat reprieves will arrive for four of
the men. These are James Cassidy and
his three accomplices in the robbery
and murder of Otto Fiala. a subway
station a_ent in New York. Lunacy
proceedings are pending in Cassidy'? [
Carranza Slain in Sleep;
Loyal Troops in Valiant
Stand Against Traitors
Fear New Coup
In Germany as
Assembly Ends
Political Discontent Is
Rife; Militarists Are Agi?
tated as Result of Vic?
tories of the Socialists
By William C. Dreher
Special Cable to The Tribune
(Copyright, 1920. Now York Tribune, Inc.).
BERLIN, May 23. ? The National
Assembly passed out of existence
rather ingloriously last week, leaving
in its wake a trail of disappointed
hopes. Although the assembly fulfilled
its appointed task in adopting a con?
stitution, and fulfilled it well &3 far as
that document is concerned, it failed
to give political contentment to Ger?
many even in the country's internal
affairs. As a result, fears of new coups
d'etat from both left and right con?
tinue to cause anxious hearts.
The Kappiade revealed the reckloss
spirit and the anti-republican senti?
ment which- prevails in a dangerous
form among army officers, and subse?
quent events have served to widen the
chasm between the military and the
civilian heads of the government. The
ruthless tactics of troops both in Ber?
lin and in the Ruhr valley have pro?
foundly deepened the antagonism o?
the people to the military authorities.
Characteristic of. this anti-militarist
spirit were the two steps taken by the
assembly at its closing session. The
Majority Socialists joined with the
independents to force th?! abolition of
martial law?or, as it is called, the state
of siege?throughout the country.
Vote to Stop Martial Law
Owing to the inability of the whips of
the bourgeois parties to gather enough
votes to overcome the Socialists, the
motion was adopted, despite the fact
that it placed the government in an
embarrassing position in view of the
insistence of the Minister of Defense
that the country could not be governed
without the protection of exceptionally
stringent military law.
A crisis was forced in which the
overthrow of the government was im?
minent, and the Socialists, to offset
such a catastrophe on the eve of the na?
tional elections, met in caucus and de?
cided to modify their abolition of the
state of siege by permitting the use
of martial law in three disturbed dis?
The second outburst against mili?
tarism came when the bill to abolish
military courts came up for passage.
The parties of the right had been doing
everything in their power to wreck the
measure in order to save the last
stronghold of the militarists. The gov?
ernment coalition and the Independent
Socialists, on the other hand, have been
doing their utmost to pass the bill.
Before a final vote could be taken the
Nationalist and Stresemann parties'
moved to table the measure, and then
got up and left the hall before the roll
call count had shown that a quorum
was not present.
Anti-Militarists Gaining
Although the measure was thus de?
feated indefinitely, the cause of de?
militarization is making steady prog?
ress. The internal administration in
Prussia has been undergoing steady
transformation in personnel. With the
impending appointment of Desuedekum
as Governor-President of Hanover the
last of the men put in such offices by
the Kaiser will have disappeared.
All the men of the old r?gime have
been displaced by Socialists, Demo?
crats and Catholics, and at the same
time the functions of the governor
presidents have been extended to give
them authority over the military.
This silent revolution means that
henceforth no military commander can
take steps even to suppress disorders
without the specific authority of the
Governor-President in his district or
on the orders of the government in
Berlin. Under the r?gime of the na?
tional assembly, therefore, much has
(Continuad on paga lour)
Preacher in Wrong j
Pulpit by Mistake \
Presbyterian Student De?
livers His Sermon to
Astounded Methodists
Special Dispatch to The Tribune
PITTSBURGH, May 23.?Samuel |
Neal, a student in the Western Theo
logical Seminary, delegated to conduct,
the Sunday morning service in the
Presbyterian church in Independence,
near here, got into the right town, but
landed in the wrong church. He didn't
know that, however, until after he had '?
preached his sermon and pronounced
the benediction in due form.
Mr. Neal had been told the Presby
terian church was the newer looking
one of the two in Independence. Ar?
riving in the town, he quickly con?
cluded after a glance at the two .
churches in the main street that the
Methodist Episcopal church was the one
in which he was to officiate, and with?
out asking any questions he entered
and ascended to the pulpit. The
mystified consregation sang the hymns
he announced and listened wonderingly
to his sermon. The Rev. M. R. Flem?
ing, the regular pastor, dumfounded by
the turn affairs had taken, sat with the
At the close of the service Mr. Neal :
congratulated members of the congre?
gation on their "fine Presbyterian j
"But this is a Methodist church," one
?esponded. The disconcerted young
minister, discovering the real situati'^n,
apologized for his blunder, squared
himself without difficult:' with Mr.
Fleming and then dashud over to r!u>
other church to patch thin~s up there
as best he could.
Reward Offered For
Villa, Dead or Alive
EL PASO, Tex., May 23?A j
reward of 100,000 pesos for the
death or capture of Francisco
Villa has been offered by the
Government of the State of Chi?
huahua. This announcement was
made here late to-day by the pro?
visional Governor, who added that
2,000 troops left Chinhuhua city
this morning under orders to hunt
down the bandit chieftain.
Trend Toward
Lower Prices
Cheers Britain
Drop jn Wholesale Values
Expected to Affect Re
tail Market Soon ; Tea
and Cotton Lead Slump
Special Cable to The Tribune
Copyright, 1920, New York Tribune Inc.
LONDON, May 23.?The most cheer?
ful development of the hour in Great
j Britain, in the face of the depressing
state of Irish and international affairs,
is the strong trend toward falling
prices for many necessities of life,
which undoubtedly is being helped mor?
ally by news of American price cutting. ;
So far most of the declines have been
in the wholesale trade, but that is
bound to bring down reta.l Drices if it
lasts much longer. The last few days
have seen sensational slumps in the
: cotton and tea markets and a tend
i ency toward iower freight rates. . The j
| principal factors re^oonsihle for the
; decline are public agitation aimed ;
! against the exorbitant costs, restric
j tions of bank credits and overdrafts
' and an all round decrease in the per?
sonal extravagance engendered by the
The propaganda of the Labor party
has had much to do with the charges.
Both in the House of Commons and in
their own unions the laborites have
| attacked high prices and their efforts '
have resulted in a general labor deci
sion to make a thorough investigation !
j of the cost of living, especially re- '
! garding food and wages. The Miners'
Federation is particularly active in
this direction and has called a confer- '
ence in London June 12 to discuss these I
One of the biggest drives against the
high cost of living has been aimed at !
the prices of men's suits, and it has
resulted in a number of tailors cutting
prices considerably. In the retail j
trade the only other big move so far
j has been aimed at lowering the cost :
of canned foodstuffs, which probably
will begin to show its effects next wee!..
Careful and critical authorities and
newspapers, however, are not being
stampeded into joyous outbursts. They
are still skeptical of the" permanency
of the decline, and question whether
the vital trouble, underproduction, ha-i
yet been sufficiently relieved to make
a fundamental difference in price levels.
On the other hand labor leaders and I
radical economists profess to believe I
that a very considerable reduction in j
the cost of living can be effected by
elimination of profiteering, corners and i
trusts of all kinds.
Two Hurt in Auto;
Runs Down Another
Jack Rothstein, Brother
of Arnold, Finally Gets
His Victims to Hospital
After running down a man and wom?
an with his automobile at Forty-fifth
Street and Madison Avenue last night
Jack Rothstein, twenty-nine, a cotton
dealer and said to be a brother of
Arnold Rothstein, picked up the in?
jured persons, placed them in his car
and started for Flower Hospital. .*t
Fifty-sixth Street and Madison Ave?
nue he struck and knocked down an?
other man, who also was placed in the
machine. The three victims then were
driven to the hospital.
The first two victims were Mr. and
Mrs. Thomas Kearns, of 141 East Fif?
ty-eighth Street. Mrs. Kearns refused
medical treatment. Her husband suf?
fered abrasions of the abdomen and
contusions of the right hip. John Mc- |
Davitt, twenty-five, of 383 East Twen- j
ty-third Street, was the third person
injured. He received lacerations of
his face.
Rothstein was arrested by Detective
James T. Brady, of Inspector Under?
bill's staff, and locked up in the East
Fifty-first Street station. He was re?
leased when Arnold Rothstein appeared
before Magistrate Francis X. McQuade !
in the Night Court and gave a $1,000
bill as bail. Arnold Rothstein gave
his occupation as a speculator and his
address as 358 West Eighty-fourth
Pirates Kill Two on Launch
PORT OF SPAIN, Trinfdad, May 12. ?
?A party, said to be Venezuelans,
chartered a motor launch here last !
Sunday, ostensibly to proceed to the j
south coast of Trinidid. Arriving near5
Asphalt Lake, the crew was ordered to
proceed to the Venezuelan coast.
The owner and engineer refused to
comply with this demand and both
were shot dead. The rest of the crew
escaped by jumping into the sea. Armed
forces from Tri.nidid and a British ;
warship are searching the Gulf of \
Paria for the launch, but it is pre?
sumed that the party has already land?
ed on the Venezuelan coaft.
There arc reports that the intention
was to boerd and attack a steamer j
l carrying a shipment of gold. |
Gen. Molina" Also'Killed
When Herrero'? Men
Mistook Him for Bonil?
las in Hut of First Chief
Assassins Take
Sixty Prisoners
Mur guia Led Fight Against
Attackers in Dark; To
Name President To-day
MEXICO CITY, May 23 (By The
Associated Press). ? Venustiano
Carranza was killed when traitors,
led by General Rodolfo Herrero, sur?
rounded and "fired furiously" into
the hut where the fugitive was sleep
? ing, according to a dispatch received
here to-day by General Alvaro Obre
gon from Juan Barragan, Carran
zista chief of steff.
General Morales y Molina was the
only other person killed in the at?
tack, according to newspaper dis?
patches. The reports quote General
Herrero as saying he desired to kill
? only Carranza and Ignacio Bonillas,
former Ambassador to the United
? States. Herrero is said to have mis
i taken General Molina for Bonillas.
Sixty Taken Prisoner
Fighting in the semi-darkness un?
? der the leadership of General Fran
i cisco Murguia, Carranza's followers
m^de such a valiant defense that
Herrero's men were forced to take
sixty prisoners, the message from
Barragan said.
Newspaper reports say the three
generals and two members of Car?
ranza's Cabinet, who were first re?
ported to have been killed in the
Tlaxcalantongo fighting, have now
disappeared, and probably are in
An effort to select a Provision? I
President of the republic will be made
here to-morrow, when an extraordinary
session of Congress will convene t?
choose a chief executive under the
Agua Prieta plan. The failure of th?
permanent commission of the National
Congress to obtain a quorum on two
occasions, to sustain its assumed au?
thority to choose a Provisional Presi?
dent, is taken to indicate the choice
made by the extraordinary session will
be acceptable.
General Molina, who was killed witr\
Carranza, conducted the military trial
of General Roberto F. Cejudo, former
commander in chief of the forces of
Emiliano Zapata in Hidalgo, who waj
accused of dealing with the rebels.
Details of Assassination
Barragan's dispatch giving details of
the killing of Carranza and Molina
"Villa Juarez, State of Puebla, May
''To General Alvaro Obregon.
"Referring to your telegram of
this date, Herrero joined the column
at Patla, professing loyalty. Arriv?
ing at Tlaxcalantongo, Herrero of?
fered hospitality to Carranza, plac?
ing sentinels who knew the terrain.
At 4 o'clock in the morning his men,
abusing the confidence imposed in
them, surrounded the shelter where
Carranza was sleeping, firing their
rifles furiously into the hut. Every?
one offered resistance, although
with the natural demoralization
caused by the unexpected attack.
"General Francisco Murguia fought
valiantly in the obscurity (semi
darkness), repulsing the traitors,
who surprised the defenders when
they were leaving their shelters to
attack the enemy.
Clear Military Honor
"The unexpectedness of the attack
enables us to clear our military honor.
The defense was general to such an
extent that the attackers were forced
to take sixty prisoners, among them
Mario M?ndez, Paulino Fontes, Gil
Garias, General Heliodoro Perez.
Colonel Che Gomez, General Villela
and Carranza's military aid!
[M?ndez formerly was director of
the national telegraph linees, Fontes
was former director of national rail?
ways and Se?pr Garias was Car?
ranza's private Secretary.]
"Our conscience is clear. Our grief
for the death of the President is in?
consolable. We are satisfied that we
did not abandon him for one moment.
Loyalty Useless Against Treason
"The few men wounded and dead
is explained by the fact that the at?
tackers planned their crime knowing
the place where the President, who
had placed his confidence in Herrero,
was sleeping. The loyalty and cour?
age of the President's followers wer?
useless again.-it the treason of those
The message was signed by Barragan
and Marciano, Gonzales, Federico Mon?
tes, Francisco de H. Mariael and others.
The flags on the American Embassy
and all the other embassies and lega?
tions were placed at half-staff when the
news of the assassination of President
Carranza arrived.
Herrero's Father Slain
Juan Sanchez Azcona, who is in
charge of the Foreign Office, to-day &t
noon sent the following communication
to all the foreign, diplomats in Mexicc
"With sorrow I inform you that at 4
o'clock on the morning of May 21 Presi?
dent Carranza was assassinated in the
village of Tlaxcalantongo, State of
Puebla, where he had passed the night
in his flight through the Neeax, a moun?
tain range, accompanied by forty per
sons, mostly high army officials.
"The assassin, Rodolfo Herrero, be
longed to a small force of Genera
Mariel, a follower of Carranza, wh?
protected him in flight. Herrero com
manded the escort charged with guard?
ing Carranza the same v.ight. Aftei
consummating his crime Herren ?ei
into the mountains with his followers

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