Newspaper Page Text
ADVERTISED *IN THE
TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED
Vol. LXXX No. 26,906
First to Last?the Truth:, News?Editorials?Advertisements
Fair to-day and to-morrow. Little
change in temperature; gentle
west and northwest winds.
Pall report on last paire.
New York Tribune lae.i
FRIDAY, JULY 16, 1920
* * * *
TWO CENT? j THREE CENT*
In Greater New York | Within 300 Mile?
Shamrock Wins First Race After Resolute Withdraws
With Broken Halyard; Defender Was Far in Lead
Man Shot to
Mm LeRoy Held With
Chauffeur and Stranger
Who, She Says, Was
Standing Near Body
A Rich Italian
Five Bullet Wounds Fatal ;
Loaded Shot Guns Dis?
covered Near Scene
At 2:4a o'clock - this morning a
woman who gave her name as Loretta
LcRoy, of 156 West Ninety-fourth
Street, accompanied by a man who said
he was Wilson Jackson, of 2460 Sev-'
cnth Avenue, her chauffeur, and Pas?
quille Dimara, an Italian, drove up to
Bellevue Hospital with the body of a
man who had been shot five times.
The victim, who is believed to be a
wealthy Italian, was pronounced dead
by Dr. Tims, of the Bellevue staff.
Miss LeRoy, her chauffeur and the
Italian were detained at the hospital
by the police.
In her story to the police, Miss Le?
Roy said that she was being driven
home by her chauffeur in her seven
passenger Cladillac car when they no?
ticed the body of a man lying in front
of 87 Kenmare Street. Demira, she
said, was standing near the body.
Body Taken to Hospital
She got out of her car, she declared,
and walked across the sidewalk. Di
ir.ara, she said, told her that the man
un the ground had been shot and was
living. Miss Lc Roy declared that Bhe
oldcred the body placed in he>r ma?
chine and started for Bellevue, Di?
mara accompanying her.
Miss Le Roy implored the hospital
authorities to do everything possible
: the wounded man, and when in
-;ed that he was dead she collapsed
[id not recover consciousness un?
til the detectives arrived.
A loaded 38 calibre revolver with
hon? of its chambers discharged was
found in Miss Le Roy's automobile.
The dead man had been shot five
times, all shots penetrating his left
breast. He was well-dressed, is about
twenty-five years old and about five
feet eight inches in height. He wore
a large diamond stud in his shirt front.
Miss Le Roy was expensively clad
and wore many jewels.
Patrolman George Taylor, of the
Elizabeth Street Station, stated that at
1:46 oclock he was on duty at Grand
and Mulberry streets when he heard
Two Shot Guns Found
In making an investigation he went
to the corner of Kenmare and La?
fayette streets and under the steps
leading down from 87 Kenmare Street
he found two shot guns, both loaded,
but having been tired recently. These
guns were taken to the Elizabeth Street
Patrolman Stabwitz, on duty between
1 and 2 o'clock in the vicinity of Lafay?
ette and Kenmare Streets, said that
about 2 o'clock he was hailed by a
taxicab driver, who gave the name of
Fred Hanson, of 193 Skillman Avenue,
Hanson, he said, told him that he had
seen a woman and two men loading the
body of a mar. into an automobile while
passing Kenmare and Lafayette Streets.
This machine, according to the driver's
story, was a seven passenger car.
Next door to the house in front of
*?nj?h the body was found is a small
Halmn restaurant. This restaurant, it
is believed, was closed at 1 o'clock
this morning. In a cellar beneath the
?estaurant. detectives found a guitar
case They believe the victim met
?fcath in a fight.
It was said at 156 West Ninety
fourth Street last night that no one
">' the name of Loretta Le Roy lived
For Flag Stealing
Theft of Tricolor Laid
to Inadequate Police
Protection by Germany
Special Cable to The Tribun*
BERLIN, July 15.?The government
Press to-day condemns the stealing
yesterday of the tricolor from the
'.??ench Embassy, official regret has.
D?en expressed and the flag has been
??turned to the embassy.
It has been learned that the French
Ambassador had taken the precaution
,\? inform the Foreign Office that a
?ttle celebration would be held at the
embassy in honor of Bastille Day, and
requested the necessary police pro
wction. Police Headquarters, however,
?ent an inadequate rorce to cope with
8 crowd of about five hundred which
w?s attracted by the sight of the
'rench flag flying over the embassy
The mob cried for the flag to te
?ken down and sang "Deutschland
u?er Alles." Finally the police dis?
persed the crowd. Later some one
Wined entrance to the roof from the
'ear of the buildir.fr-and stole the flag
Without being detected. The colors
were later found >i an adjacent build
'?i. uninjured, and were returned to
As soon as the incident became
known Under Secretary von Haniel, of
')?? Foreign Office, called o-. the French
Ambassador to express the regret of
?ne government and request that no
Political significant be attached to it.
Polish Women Give Up City;
City Occupied By Red Troops
LONDON, July 18, Friday.?The Bol
sheviki occupied Vilna Wednesday
afternoon without opposition, accord?
ing to a dispatch to "Tho London
Times" from Kovno.
WARSAW, July 14 (By The Associ?
ated Press).?Women soldiers have
taken up positions for the defense of
Vilna. They have been assigned to an
All the women are equipped with
American boots and are being fed part?
ly by the American Young Women's
Christian Association. They are under
the command cf Mme. Goercz, who
fought with General Pilsudski against
the Russians, and who also operated
last year with the women during the
siege of Lemberg.
Commander Goercz is twenty-six
years old. She contends that women
can hold their own alongside the men,
even in tho front line. Mme. Goercz
has about one thousand women under
her command. Many of them are strong
women of the factory type, who arc
eager for excitement and adventure.
The woman commander is in charge
of all her own transport system and
rolling kitchens, and all fighting equip?
ment except artillery.
Additional detachments of women
are being formed throughout Poland
for defense of the republic. As soon
as their numbers justify it, Mme.
Goenez will be placed in command of
Poland's army of women.
In the north, whero the Bolsheviki
are using shock troops in the effort to
break through the Poles' front, the
Bolsheviki came in contact with Lithu?
anian troops, but there was no fighting,
according to reports received in War?
saw military circles to-day. It is said
the Lithuanians agreed to nave Lithu?
anians troops ready to occupy Vilna
soon after, if Vilna was captured by
The fall of Vilna would give the Bol?
sheviki virtually direct rail communi?
cation with East Prussit. The Poles
are concentrating their efforts to pre?
PARIS, July 15.---All conditions laid
down in the note sent to Moscow by
Premier Lloyd George relative to an
armistice with Poland have been ac?
cepted by the Russian Bolshevik gov?
ernment, according to a Spa dispatch to
SPA, Belgium, July t 15.?Premier
Lloyd George said to-night that he
had no confirmation of the report that
the Russian Soviet had replied to hia
proposals for an armistice with Po?
An Exchange Telegraph dispatch from
Berlin quotes the newspaper "Pravda,"
one of the Bolshevik organs, as de?
claring that Soviet Russia would decline
all proposals for peace with Poland and
would not lay down her arms until
a Bolshevik Poland was established in
place of the present capitalistic state.
To All Demands
Made by Allies
Tension Relaxed After an
Hour's Conference of
Lloyd George and Si?
mons on Coal Deliveries
SPA, Belgium, July 15 (By The
Associated Press).? The German
ministers are disposed to accept the
note of the Allies and to answer in
the affirmative to-morrow without
qualification. A formal decision will
be taken in the Cabinet council in
the morning, but the attitude of the
ministers to-night is that the agree?
ment is as good as made.
This also is the view of Premier
Dr. Simons, the German Foreign
Secretary, said he had an hour's
conversation with Premiers Mille?
rand and Lloyd George, in which
they discussed the essentials of the
Allied reply: Dr. Simons was meas?
urably reconciled to the Allies' solu?
tion. Tension is greatly relaxed at
Premier Lloyd George seemed to be in
good spirits this evening, but when asked
by a correspondent if he thought the
Germans would accept, said:
"I cannot say. Dr. Simons is a rea?
sonable opponent, but he has insatiable
men with him."
Text of German Note
Following is the text of the German
note to the Allies:
"1. The German government engages
itself to place at the disposal of the
Allied governments, beginning August
1, 1920, according to present arrange?
ments, for the duration of six months,
2,000,000 tons of coal monthly.
, "2. The Allied governments will pay
for this coal up to the German market
price by placing the respective sums to
Germany's credit on her reparation ac?
count, and the difference between the
German market price and the world
market price in cash, unless the man?
ner of payment shall be determined in
a different way in a general agreement
on financial questions.
"3. For the duration of the afore?
said coal deliveries, the clnuses of the
'decision' on the coal question com?
municated to the German delegation
July 9 and amended July 11 will not
be applied. Neither shall the amounts
of coal to be delivered monthly be in
caused by the reparations commission
during this period.
Silesian Pact Desired
"4. There shall' be made as soon as
possible an agreement concerning the
situation in upper Silesia by which
either the German government will re?
cover control over Silesian coal or by
which her monthly share of Silesian
coal is fixed at not less than 1,500,000
"5. There shall be instituted as
soon as possible a mixed commission
at Essen for the purpose of investi?
gating means for improving the con?
dition of the miners with regard to
food, clothing and housing and im?
proving thereby the coal output in the
"The Allies shall declare themselves
ready to grant to Germany necessary
credits for the importation of food?
stuffs for her population, as well as
for the importation of raw materials
for German industry and agriculture.
The deliberations in this regard will
take place in connection with the gen?
eral deliberations concerning the finan?
cial question, with the cooperation of
the experts of both sides."
Conditions as to Upper Silesian coal
are set forth as follows:
A mixed reparations commission will
be appointed, and later a permanent
committee, to investigate the working
conditions of the miners. It is further
stipulated that the difference between
70 marks a ton and the world price
of coal is to be loaned to Germany by
the various Allied powers in the pro?
portion of 62 France, 22 Great Britain,
8 Italy and 8 Belgium.
If, as is hoped, the Germans sign the
protocol the conference will resume its
discussion of reparations. Premier
Lloyd George wishes to leave Spa to?
In Third Party
Nonpartisans Repudiate the
New Organization, While
Other Groups Bolt and
Make Separate Plans
CHICAGO, July 15.? The Committee
of Forty-eight, the bulk of whose dele?
gates last night bolted the fusion
Farmer-Labor party convention, re?
sumed its separate sessions to-day, dis?
appointed and chagrined. With their
plans to nominate Senator Robert M.
Le Follette for the Presidency swept ;
aside by the fusionists, the Forty-eight- ]
ers, minus a few of their number who i
clung to the Farmer-Lnborites, tried to
decide what stand to take?whether to
start out alone to to join the fusion?
ists despite the distastefulness of
parts of the Labor platform.
After a clay of futile wrangling the
Forty-eighters adjourned to-night with
no arrangements made to put a sepa?
rate Presidential ticket in the field.
Adjournment was taken over the pro?
test of a minority group and was only
accomplished when the committee
leaders turned out the lights and or?
dered the owners to clear the hall.
Prior to adjournment the leaders
presented a report providing for the
continuation of the organization in
! each state. The report was adopted.
It makes no provision for a national
ticket, but does provide that another
national convention may be called at
some future date.
Parley P. Christensen, of Salt Lake
City, Presidential nominee of the
Farmer-Labor party, on a ticket with
Max S. Hayes, Cleveland labor leader,
threw the dying Forty-eight convention
into an uproar by sending to it a mes?
sage characterizing ' its actions as
"Regardless of the action taken at
this meeting, however foolish," Christ
!'onsen's message said^'-'I am the cavidi
| date of the Farmer^Labor party and
will continue in the race."
Three of the majority groups origi
| nally subscribing to the fusion move?
ment were represented in to-day's
j meeting. Besides a part of the Forty
I cighters, leaders of the World War Vet?
erans and People's party joined the
Of all the groups which joined the
new parly convention Tuesday only one
well organized faction is left in the
farmer-labor ranks, and that is the
former Labor party. The dominant
farmer group in the amalgamation,
members of the Nonpartisan League,
stayed to the last, but their organiza?
tion has repudiated the movement, re?
fused to amalgamate and has indorsed
Senator Robert M. La Follette for
The Single Tax pairty, the first to
withdraw, nominated its own ticket
Tuesday night and adopted a forty
The, Fusion movement, forty-eight
speakers to-day declared, was wrecked
by what Gilbert E. Roe, La Follette's
personal representative characterized
(Continued on page 4)
Ship to Try Wireless Phone
To Shores on Entire Voyage
Special Cable to The Tribune
?Copyright, 1920. New York Tribun? Inc.)
ST. JOHN'S, N. F., July 15.?Whether
wireless telephone communication with
shore during the entire transatlantic
passage of a ship is a possibility will
be demonstrated within the next few
days during the voyage of the Canadian
Pacific steamer Victorian from Liver?
The Marconi company to-day is put?
ting the finishing touches to an appa?
ratus it has erected on Signal Hill for
wireless telephone experiments. On
the other side a similar apparatus has
been installed at Poldhu. The liner
will endeavor to keep in communication
with the Poldhu station during the first
days of its voyage and with Signal
Hill in the latter part, thus making the
communication with shore continuous.
The Victorian is equipped with a
three-kilowatt telephono set,'while the
Signal Hill station has a six-kilowatt j
set, powerful enough, according to the i
Marconi engineers, to reach Poldhu
With distilict voice sounds. It' already j
has been demonstrated that voice i
sounds can be carried beyond midocean.
When the Victorian is two or three !
days out from Liverpool it is expected
that the passengers will be able to con- j
verse with persons here.
Should the experiment prove success?
ful the next step will be to establish
direct communicaton from Signal Hill
to Poldhu, covering the entire stretch
of the Atlantic. During this latter ex?
periment Governor Harris of Newfound?
land and officials of his government
will endeavor to talk with^other gov?
ernment officials across the Atlantic.
| Engineer Mogridge, in charge of the
Marconi forces hore, is confident that
?the cross-Atlantic experiment will be
successful with the six kilowatt sets.
Signal Hill, from which the experi?
ments here will be conducted, is 850
feet above sea level, and the tower on
its summit is 150 feet high.
No Need of
Asserts Republican Plat?
form Is Sane and Pro?
gressive and Certain
of Voters' Approval
Glad La Follette
Refused to Run
Likely to Make Speeches
in Some of the Larger
Cities During Campaign'
From a Staff Correspondent
MARION, Ohio, July 15.?Senator
Warren G. Harding declared to-day
that the Republican party stands be?
fore the country upon a platform that
is sound and progressive, and he is
confident that the expression of the
voters' judgment of it will result in
victory in November.
The Republican nominee made it
clear that the formation of a third
party will not alter in any way the
campaign plans of the Republican
party. He expressed gratification that
Senator La Follette had declined the
third party nomination and said:
"I think it will be found that no Re?
publicans arc interested in the third
party movement. The Republican party
stands before the country upon a plat?
form which is sound and progressive,
It offers its platform to the voters foi
their judgment, with confidence that
the expression of their judgment will
result in victory in November.
Appeals to All Americans
"The Republican party this year rep?
resents no faction within the party, nc
special interest or particular grout,
within our voting citizenship. Rather
it calls upon all Americans who lov?
America, wh; believe in sound prog
rcsd and real development, to sup
"The laboring man who seeks i
square deal from a political party wil
get it from the Republican party; thi
farmer who is looking for freedon
from present irksome restrictions ii
promised that freedom and full consid
oration of the needs of agriculture ii
the event of Republican success; th
small business man who is sufferinj
from restricted credit, high inter?s
rates and inequitable taxes, may wel
look to the Republican party to reliev
him from the burdens placed upon hir
by a Democratic Administration.
"More than ever the Republican part
this year stands for the Lincolnia
principle of 'government of the peoph
by the people and for the people,' fo
the good of all the people. It is upo
the development of that principle an
the interpretation of our platform thi
we shall make our campaign, irrespec
tive of the plans or the nominees c
No Speeches at Stations
It was learned on good authority t<
day that while Senator Harding is i
firm as ever in his decision again:
making observation car speeches on
tour of the country, he will accept
few invitations to speak, in some <
the larger cities after the notificatio
It is probable that he will go to Ne
York and Chicago.
The nominee had a,quiet day, spem
ing most of his time at work on h
speech of acceptance. He had as
luncheon guest Malcolm Jennings, i
Columbus, a former employee of "Tl
Marion Star," the Senator's newspape
Ohio women are organizing
Harding-for-President Women's Clu
which will attend the notification cer
mony here on July 22. All women
the "state interested in the success
the suffrage amendment have been i
vited to a preliminary meeting to-fno
row in Columbus. Mrs. C. C. Pavey
one of the leading spirits in this o
Young Voters Favorable
Eugene L.'Nixon, of New York, pre;
dent of the Young Men's National R
publican Club, has written Senat
Harding that the Republican ticket w
get the ballots of the young voters tr
election. . .
Senator Harding also received
letter of congratulation from L.Lani
Washington, of New York, a gres
groat-great-grandson of Mary Bi
Washington, the mother of Geor
Washington. Mr. Washington is t
hereditary representative of Geor
(Continued on page 6)
To Have Won
Agrees to Accept Victory
Only After Persuasion ;
Says Race of Yesterday
Unfair to Both Boats
Occurred in 1899
Resolute To Be Repaired
in Time for 2d Contest
Yesterday's international yacht race
victory will go officially to Shamrock's
credit. It was said last night that I
even though Sir Thomas Lipton showed
a sportsmanlike disposition to have the
contest sailed over again the America's
Cup Committee wouid not permit it.
It was pointed out that when the
first Shamrock was competing against
Columbia on October 17, 1899, and was
forced to withdraw as a result of a
broken topmast the victory was award- j
ed to the American boat, following :
this precedent the cup committee will |
award yesterday's victory to Sham?
The work of refitting a new gaff on
the defender was begun last night as
soon as" she had been towed to her
anchorage in Sandy Hook Bay and the
Race Committee of the New York
Yacht Club announced that Saturday's i
triangular contest of thirty miles would
be held as scheduled.
Resolute was towed into Sandy Hook
Bay long after sundown and when she
was safely anchored an explanation of
her accident was given out .by Charles
Francis Adams 2d, her amateur skipper.
Adams Explains Mishap
"The trouble was caused," said Mr.
Adams, "when the throat halyard
parted at the winch. This caused the
gaff to collapse. An investigation con?
vinced us that the break could not be
repaired and we were forced to with?
draw at a time when we believed we
had the race won. The damage will
ba repaired to-morrow and we shall '
be ready to race again Saturday."
The winch referred to by the Reso
lute's skipper is below decks and is
used to hoist the mainsail. Practically
all the halyards on both sloops are
handled in this way in order to keep
the decks clear.
Sir Thomas Lipton was frankly dis?
appointed at the result of the race.
On board the steam yacht Victoria he
"I want to win fair and square. It's
no pleasure to me to win on a fluke.
I am exceedingly sorry at what hap?
pened to-day and I would prefer not
to call it a race."
Not a Fair Race, He Says
For fully two hours the famous baro?
net persisted in his decision to refuse
the victory that Fate in a dramatic
moment had presented to him for the
first time in more than two decades.
He insisted that it was not a fair race
and that the defending yacht should
be give another chance.
It was only after the repeated argu?
ments of his American guests aboard
that he retreated from the position he
had assumed, and then finally decided
that he would be governed by the de?
cision of the race committee.
As his green hulled yacht was cross?
ing the winning line Sir Thomas said:
"Resolute did exceedingly well to?
day, but on account of the fluky
nature of the weather any boat might
have won. Resolute was making better
way up to the time of the accident.
"To-day was very unfortunate with
its storms, sunshine and then heavy
rains. I want to assure you again that
, I am very sorry, very sorry indeed, at
what happened, and 1 hope the Reso?
lute will be ready again by Saturday.
"Personally, it never appeals to me
to win through an accident, although I
have lost international races here be?
fore through an accident. I can't really
express how sorry I am. I might have
had a similar accident myself, and I am
positive that in that case the American
people would have been sorry for me. i
I know that we are both anxious to test
the real quality of the boats and are
anxious for the best boat to win.
"If the squally weather continues in
the next races the same result may oc?
cur again, but I prefer an even, steady
breeze, so that both boats may have a
fair and square chance."
At this moment Commodore Aemilius
Jarvis, the famous Canadian Corin?
thian who had been acting as official
observer for Sir Thomas, said: "The
race to-day did not really prove any?
thing. I think, however, that if Sir
Thomas was to refuse the win it would
not be in the best interests of yacht?
ing, as it would put a premium on light
600 Aboard Floating Bar
Enjoy Race at $25 Each
Most of the spectators who saw the
yacht race from excursion boats ex?
pressed disappointment at the outcome
of the race when their boats drew up
at their piers, but the 600 who paid $25
apiece for places on the Ward liner
Oriziiba disembarked in .good humor.
The Ward liner, which happened to be
in port and was turned into a floating
grandstand for the occasion, has a bar,
fully equipped even to cloves, and the
; bar was opened when the vessel got
i outside the three-mile limit.
Several hundred persons saw the race
i from the Plymouth, of the New Eng
! land Line, which docked at Pier 14,
I Hudson River, about 6:30 p. m. An
| other boat which carried spectators to
the race course was the Taurus, of the
| Iron Steamboat Company. Its passen
l gcrs got off at the Battery about 7 p. m.
; The Taurus then went to 129th Street.
A Word of Welcome
Is always expressed by employer? to em
I ployeea through a Tribune Help Wanted Ad.
if you need the services of a wide await?
I worker or seek employment, you will And
' The Tribune Help Wanted column? you?
The Halyard Breaks
Resolute photographed from an airplane just after the throat halyard
parted. The mainsail is sagging.
Resolute Proves Her Speed,
But Has Yet to Prove Stamina
Race, as Race, a Farce, and Only Further Testimony
That Handicapping in Championship
Events Should Be Abandoned
By Grantland Rice
Floundering upon the water, like a white gull with a splintered wing,
the American defender Resolute saw Shamrock IV sail by to an uncon
tested victory in the first'test for the America's Cup.
/ Speed and stamina are the two essentials for victory in any race, and
the Resolute therefore was only 50 per cent equipped. She had the speed
to sail away from the challenger and lead by a wide margin at the turn,
but she lacked the stamina to stand the combination of rain-drenched sails
and a ten-mile breeze.
"The race is not to the swift," could<
hardly be classed as a new-born maxim.
The race is certainly not to the swift
that can't stand the gaff and carry
the burden to the end of the stretch,
For the better part of two hours and
fifty minutes Resolute looked to be the
better boat as she began leaving her
rival almost hid in the gray mists from
the wind blown aisles of rain far be.
hind. But two hours and fifty minutes
was as far as Resolute could go in the
first test without cracking something in
a vulnerable spot, and, after all, this
is the main test. For Shamrock IV,
lacking sufficient speed to hold her
own to the turn, at least had the,
stamina needed to go the full route
without spilling a vital part of her
system or permitting her throat halyard
to split in twain.
Race Was a Farce
The race, of course, was a farce.
But it was headed ior a farce in eitne?
case. Resolute was awarded a time
allowance of seven minutes. Yet start?
ing from scratch ???ie was about six
minutes ahead of her rival when the
Undoubtedly the time allowance as
figured out was mathematically correct.
Undoubtedly it was in accord with the
law that governs the handicapping.
But it was only further proof that any
handicap race in a championship affair
is almost sure to be a joke. For in
this case, so far as the test went, the
faster boat drew the advantage and
the slower boat was further handi?
capped by a crushing penalty in time.
"Yes," the expert will say, "this
happened to be so in this particular
case. But under different weather con?
ditions it would not work out with the
Likely not. But what human group
has yet been found that can temper
the weather to suit the handicapping,
and thereby make it a fair, clean test?
What human group can produce cer?
tain air currents at a stated interval
that will render the handicapping
Resolute Far tn Lead
When her throat halyard decided to
split asunder, the Defender was thir?
teen minutes ahead on her way to
glory, six minutes fairly earned by her
speed and seven minutes allotted by the
regulations in force, a combination
against which the challenger had a
chance about as thick as the segment
of a toy balloon.
So far as the non-expert eye could
figure it out, the only difference in the
two boats was that one happened to
have her hull painted green while the
other was in white. Shortly after the
start Shamrock IV began to ease neatly
away, as if the time allowance was
justified. But when this lead had
reached 400 yards a rainstorm struck
the scene and the wind died away to
a whisper. Shortly thereafter Resolute
not only got back the lost stretch of
water, but in addition began to pull
rapidly away. Boat for boat, with no
time allowance thrown in and no acci?
dent to mar the race, the two rivals
might well have furnished an exciting
But when you saw the Resolute six
minutes ahead, with seven additional
minutes in reserve, the remaining ex?
citement died away to a deadly calm.
At that moment it was very much as if
one had seen Man o' War spotted a
/urlong in a mile dash, p'ointing for
the head of the big turn, with the rest
of the field barely completing the first
Clearly Out of Race
It was not until certain signs of 3ure
trouble were seen aboard the defender
that any excitement arose aboard the
destroyer following the two yachts. No
one could tell at first whether a gaff
had gone wrong or the halyards had
cracked, but after a minute or so, as
the big sail fluttered and skidded down?
ward, it was easy to see that Sir
Thomas Lipton had the remainder of
the rainy afternoon to himself.
It was suggested then that the Brit?
ish sportsman would not accept a race
won under any such conditions -a sug?
gestion without any basis of reason. A
race is a race, where, as we suggested
before, both speed and stamina tell the
story. The heavy rains had soaked the
extended sails upon both boats, and
when a ten-mile breeze finally whipped
in the defender couldn't stand the
strain. The first race, therefore, was
fairly won by the boat best equipped
for the occasion?a boat that other?
wise, with the prevailing weather con?
ditions, would have been handicapped
out of any sort of chance to win.
Should Race From Scratch
Whatever the result or these races
when the defender is repaired, it is al?
ready self-evident that no more handi?
cap races or time allowance races
should be permitted in any champion?
ship event. A championship that isn't
started from scratch isn't a champion?
ship, but a purely handicap affair ol
strictly local interest.
The Resolute has proved her speed
but she has yet to prove her stamina
She reminds one of a great ball clut
that is always having a star pitchei
hurt or a leading batter injured. Th<
Resolute had serious trouble in hei
\ tests against the Vanitie, and even a?
late as last Sunday had to undergo fur
| ther repairs. A fast boat but a brittl?
one is no safe support with the cup a
stake. If the Resolute can only kee]
together, her speed and her time a!
lowance combined should bring he:
home an easy winner in any race shi
can finish. But few races are won b;
entries unable to reach the wire. It i
always here that the final verdict i
The only spectacular, or nearly spec
tacular, part of the race came at th
start, when the two yachts, white am
green of hull, held together for a fe\
hundred yards, and later, on, when the;
again sailed, boat and boat, thrcug
the heavy mists?white ghosts quthne
against a black sky, surrounded by
threatening storm that remained cor
tent to merely offer its drenching ?o\
Resolute Gets Away to
Fine Start and at Once
Piles Up Big Lead ; Chal?
lenge! Appears Slow
First Race Lost
Since Early '70s
Shamrock's Time of 4
Hrs., 24 Mins. and 48
Sees. Considered Good
The sturdy, snub-nosed challenger
Shamrock IV took the first race in
the series for the America's Cub yes?
terday when the finely trained de?
fender Resolute broke her throat
halyard at the fifteen-mile mark off
the Jersey coast. The Resolute wa3
leading by about five minutes when
the mainsail fluttered uncertainly
for a few seconds, then settled
slowly down to the decks, just as the
defender was rounding the stake for
the run home.
It looked like the Resolute's race,
boat for boat. The defender was
skimming up to the mark, while the
Shamrock IV was pounding in the
rear. The Resolute seemed to need
no time allowance. Excepting for
a few miles after the start, off the
Ambrose Lightship, the finely cut
racing machine seemed to have
everything its own way. The race,
as a race, seemed a fiasen.
Crew Seems Dazed
Then this white, bronze-bellied
'? bird collapsed, not suddenly, but flut?
tering like a wounded sea bird, for
| a while, and then settling down on
! the misty sea, hopeless and beaten.
For a while the crew seemed dazed
at the mishap and watched as the
huge mainsail began to sag down
and the club top dragged down after
it. Then two men were sent aloft,
but the huge mass of canvas became
more inert. It was heavily weighted
down with rain and it soon flattened
down to the decks.
While the sail drooped and sagged,
Resolute stuck to her course and tacked
around the mark. In the mean time th?
plugging, plodding green challenger
continued to come up, It rounded the
stake just five minutes after Resolute
foundered around, cripple?! and out of
it. Then Shamrock started home with
the wind behind, at :?. ten-'Knot clip,
leaving the crippled Resolute drifting
ii, her wake.
The official elapsed time of Sham?
rock IV was given as -1 hours 24 min?
utes and -18 seconds for the thirty miles
to windward and back. This is regard?
ed as good time in view of the erratic
conduct of the wind during the beat to
windward through the dark gray
patches of squalls and calms.
Ike race started in fretful weather,
I with fits of light squalls interspersed
with brief periods of almost dead calm,
the rain pelting down in torrents part
?of the time, while now and then the
sun strove to penetrate the steaming
'mitts. At one time it looked as though
I there would be no race, as both vessels
drifted about, feeling for the signs of
Then rain-filled puffs of wind came
up and hid the yachts from view, while
I ihe sightseers on the yachts and ex?
cursion boats scurried to cover. When
ti.e mists lifted again Resolute had
fhot into the lead and was dashing for
the stake boat. The amateur skipper
of Resolute, Charles Francis Adams
2r, had out-maneuvered William P.
burton, of Shamrock IV, in the mists,
and the most interesting part of the
race was hidden from the spectators.
Leads by Half Mile
The breezes were fitful and chang?
ing constantly, following each rain
squall. Resolute seemed alert and took
every advantage of the turn of direc?
tion of the capricious winds that flut?
tered along the course. At eight and a
half miles on the windward course,
Resolute was leading by almost half
a mile. As she neared the stake boat
she seemed to have about a twelve min?
ute advantage, counting her time allow?
ance of seven minutes and one second.
When the mists cleared rear th?
stake and showed the dark hull of the
?guide boat. J. P. Morgan's Corsair, it
looked as though not only the first race
l but the entire series had, to all intents
j and purposes, been concluded. It would
; have been finished to all intents and
j purposes at the stake boat if Resolute
, had held together. Resolute was win
! nmg like a teal duck, while the snub
J nosed Shamrock IV was plodding be
! hind like a bay coot.
| Within four miles of the 'stake boat.
i Victoria, Sir Thomas Lipton's steam
j yacht, crept up to the racers and
i hovered for a while in the wake of
I Shamrock. Sir Thomas was watch
j ing his racer from the bridge. He
: could not have been otherwise than
I convinced that this attempt to lift the
j America's Cup was destined to be as
? futile as any of the preceding trials.
i Boat for boat, and without a time al
? lowance, Resolute was beating Sham
; rock. The attitude of all those t.i
, board the Victoria seemed to be one
j of dejection, and the big white steam
j yacht dropped behind.
It was about 2:50 that Resolute was
b?ginning to round the fifteen-mile
stake and start on the free certain
?run home when it was noticed on
board the U. S. destroyer Simmea,