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ADVERTISED IN THE TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED Vol. LXXX No. 26,923 (Copyright, 1080, New York Tribun? Inc.) First to Last ? the Truth: News ? Editorials ? Advertisements M?NI>A?f A?GUS* L\ 1920 THE WEATHER Partly clondy to-day; to-morrow fair, with rising temperature; gentle to moderate variable winds, mostly northerly Fall Hepnrt on Last Pac? * * * . TWO CENT? I THRKB (KNTS I F017R r?TTT! In Gr??ter ?w York I Mithin ?0? Mile? I Klu^wlwre Roads Seek Rate Raise From States Various Commissions To Be Asked to Grant Same Advances I. C. C Per-; mits Interstate Business! Carriers Counted On This Increase ?, Will Not Add to the Total income Provided by the Federal Board Decision - WASHINGTON, Aug. 1 (By The As- j sociated Press).- Advances of intra state rates?freight, passenger and Pullman to correspond with the in? terstate increases authorized yesterday by the Interstate Commerce Commis? sion will be asked of the various state railway commissions by the carriers, it was stated here to-night by Alfred P. Thorn, general counsel for the Associ? ation of Railway Executives. Such intrastate rate increases, Mr. Tnom said, will not add to the total income provided for by the Federal commission's decision because in sub? mitting their estimates the carriers calculated on a basis of increases of both interstate and intrastate rates. applications to the state commissions ave row being prepared by the rail? roads, and it is expected by the rail way executives that the increases will be granted. Should any state commis? sion refuse to authorize them, however, the carriers, Mr. Thorn said, will pro? ceed under the transportation act and ask a hearing before the Interstate. erce Commission"" to determine :- the existing intrastate rates are discriminatory or prejudicial to interstate commerce. Slate Representatives at Hearings It was pointed out by Mr. Thorn that three representatives of the state com? mis-ion sat with the Federal commis sion during the public hearings on the ation of the carriers. They will make reports to the state commissions, : Mr. Thoni said it was thought that ? ?pinions would have weight with -aie bodies. S'nce the increases in passenger, Pullman, excess baggage and milk rates were made general for the en tire country bv the Federal commis? sftn the railroads will ask for corre? sponding increases in each state. The percentage of advances in intrastate freight rates which the roads will re? nkest, however, will correspond to the Turcantage authorized in the territory ? which the state is located, Thus increases requested in Eastern states tvouid be 40 per cent; in Southern states, 25 per cent; in Western states, r cent, and in mountain-Pacific s ates, 25 per cent. Rate increases granted the railroads by -he Interstate Commerce Commis? sion are designed to give the carriers Su annual net operating income of Si. 134,000,000, or $2-11.000,000 more than the standard return allowed by the government and based on the aver i the three-year period immedi? ately preceding Federal control. Thii sum is $34,000.000 more than the loads made in their record year of 1916, but is $99.000,000 less than the total of 51,233,000,000 net operating in i'ome which they sought in presenting their applications to the commission. Experts Start Work To-day Rate experts of the carriers will sei to work to-morrow on the tremendous task of preparing the new tariff sched? ules which it is planned to file in timt for the increased rates?freight, pas senger and Pullman?to become effec? tive on September 1. On that date th< ? raillent guaranty of the standar?: of $893.000,000 annually will ex nder a provision of the transpor talion act limiting this guaranty to si> after the carriers were returnee to private control. Experts of the commission and th? ? rs will also undertake to figur. the actual money return which wil accrue to the roads from the rate in creases granted, which are about 3: per cent on freight rates, 20 per cen "ft passenger.'excess baggage and mill rates and 50 per cent on charges fo in sleeping and parlor cars. The actual increased amount to h received by the roads a? a result o he rate advances has been roughl' ited at $1,500,000,000, but unti the new tariffs aie worked out and pu "ration the exact amount i i'oblernatical. With passenger fare ed one-tifth and Pullraa <'??? irg? g advanced one-half passenge travel probably will be reduced. To Help Absorb Wage Raise Based on the present passenger traf c ftnese increases are expected to yiel the roads a return of $277,000,000, al of which was ".ought to help absor I e wage advance to railroad worker which the Railroad Labor Board ha informed the commission will work oc at $618,000,000, instead of the $600 <ft>0,000 first estimated. The carrier have figured the increase at $625,000 000. For the purposes of the rate cas the commission used the board's fin Ul'?tfc The estimated net operating inconi ? 11,134,000,000 which the roads are 1 receive under the new increase repr? s at s ft per cent on the aggregate valt 1 the railroad properties, which w; i by the commission at $18,900 'ft or $1,140,000,000 less than ti curriers' estimate. Of the total ii received by the roads one-ha O? i Ter eent of the aggregate value, ? 00,000. must be set aside annual for additions and betterments. Thus the actual net operating i come going into the treasury of tl carriers would be $1,040,000,000. Fro this must be deducted taxes and oth fixed expenses not included in ope ating expenses before the actual n income is determined. Admitted taxes and most, others of such fixed e Penses have increased since the pr War period on which the standa government return is based. Should the commission's decision r lit m producing more than the 6 p ""t return on the aggregate val allowed linder the * transportation 8' <>Oe-half of the excess would, und 'he terms of that act, be placed in t reserve funds of the roads and t other half turned over to the Int< "" *'.?<* Commerce Commission to esta lish a revolving fund to be used f making loans to the carriers or i Purchasing equipment to be leased them. Six Per Cent Net Income Fixed The estimated net income to be i Iceived by the three groups of roads ''"-ed at 6 ?Ser cent of the valuati Borah Will Be Active in Harding Campaign CHICAGO, Aug. 1.?Senator William E. Borah, of Idaho, ac? tive in the pre-convention cam? paign for Hiram Johnson, will take an active part in the cam? paign for Senator Harding, and probably will make several speak? ing tours in the interest of the Republican nominee, it was an? nounced at Republican headquar? ters here last night. Ex-Gov. Hanly, In Auto Party,I Killed by Train Doctor and Wife, Friends of Former High Official of Indiana, Also Victims j of Motor Crash in Ohio Hanly Long in Politics Defeated T. R. Marshall for Governor 16 Years Ago;! Was Strong Prohibitionist - _? ( DENNISON, Ohio, Aug. l.?J. Frank Hanly, former Governor of Indiana and candidate for President on the Prohi- , bition ticket in 1916, and Dr. and Mrs C. M. Baker, of Kilgore, Ohio, were killed six miles from here early to-day ' when a Pennsylvania freight train struck the automobile in which they , were driving. All three suffered fractured skulls and their bodies were crushed. None | recovered consciousness after being brought to a local hospital. Mr. Hanly ? died at 9 a. m.. Mrs. Baker at 11:30? and her husband at 3:30 p. m. Dr. and Mrr-. Baker had met Mr. ' Hanly in Denmison at 6:45 o'clock this morning and were driving him to their, home in Kilgore, twenty miles from ! here. CHICAGO, Aug. 1.?The Prohibition ; party lost one of its greatest leaders ' in the death of J. Frank Hanly, Virgil | G. Hinshaw, chairman of the Prohibi? tion national committee, said, when | informed by the Associated Press of . the fatal accident. "Mr.' Hanly made his first big fight for prohibition sixteen years ago, when ho was elected Governor of Indiana on a county option platform in opposition to Thomas R. Marshall, now Vice Pr?sident," said Mr. Hinshaw. "Mr Marshall was understood to be opposed to prohibition in that campaign and Hanly's victory marked one of pro? hibition's first great triumphs. "Five years previous to his election, however, he had come out strongly for prohibition and made an extended speaking tour over the country. Later h 7- made many other tours for prohibi? tion and was always looked upon as : one of our greatest leaders. "In 1916 be was the party's candidate for President and drew an unusually large vote." Mr. Hanly was born at St. Joseph, 111., April 4, 1863. He was educated in the common schools of Champaign County, Illinois, and was married in 1881 to Eva M. Simmer, of Williams port, Ind. He taught in the public schools of that city from 1881 to 1889, j when he was admitted to the bar. He practiced law in Williamsport until 1896, when he moved to Lafayette, Ind., where he practiced until 1905. He was a member of the Indiana State Senate in 1890 and a member of the 54th Con? gress from 1895 to 1897. He was an unsuccessful candidate for the United States Seriate in 1899 and was Governor of Indiana from 1905 to 1909. He was the publisher of two news? papers in Indianapolis, "The. National Enquirer," a weekly, which he founded in 19!5, and the Indianapolis "Com- , mercial," a daily. He represented the drys before the United States Supreme Court in the Ohio cases in which the constitutional- I ity of the national prohibition amend? ment was sustained, as well as the validity of the Volstead act. As tine president of the Flying Squad? ron Foundation, he was preparing to launch a nation-wide fight for the election of dry Congressmen to main- j tain the law. A campaign is to be ; continued as planned by him. ? Debs Calls Halt on Move To Free Him From Prison Socialist Leader "Wishes to Fare No Better Than Comrades" WASHINGTON, Aug. 1.- -Eugene V. Debs, Socialist candidate for Presi? dent, has put his foot down on the 1 movement started by friends to obtain his release from the Federal prison. Writing from the Atlanta peniten : tiary, De*bs declared that so long as hi.-' comrades "are held criminals and con virts," his place was there. The let? ter, sent to Mrs. Lucy Robins, secre? tary of the Central Labor Bodies' Con? ference of New York, and made public here to-day, said: "Please say to tho comrades in New i York that while I appreciate fully all ' that has been done in my behalf. I . object emphatically to any further j appeal being made for me only to ' President Wilson. I wish no special consideration and I wish to fare no ; better than my comrades. "As long as they are held criminals ! and convicts my place is here. My comrades will therefore understand i that they can serve me best by bring , ing their influence to bear in behalf of all." _ .-m ? Chicago Labor Orders War on U. S. Chamber of Commerce CHICAGO, Aug. 1.?The Chicago Fed ! eration of Labor to-day authorized its ; president, John Fitzpatrick, to appoint I a committee of fifteen for the announced purpose of "actively going to battle with the United States Chamber of Commerce on the closed shop proposi? tion" and to devise means of preventing open shops._ DomeMio Help Problems easily aolved by consulting Situation 1 Wanted Female Ads. that appear In The ! Tribune dally or by Inaertlmr a Help Wanted Ad Phone Beekman "?OOO or so to any of The Tribune's Want Ad. Aj,.>*it* ?over 500 in ?Jieatcr New York.?Advt. Tammany to Bar Lansing For, Senator Democratic Leaders at Saratoga Say It Would Be Bad Politics Now j to "Slap at President" Many Eager to Run Against Wadsworth See Hope of Victory if Republicans Nominate Him for Second Term From a Staff Correspondent SARATOGA SPRINGS, N. Y.. Aug. 1. ?Tammany, leaders to-night threw cold water on the boom of Robert Lansing, former Secretary of State, for the i Democratic designation for United States Senator at the unofficial state convention to be held here Tuesday. Friends who h?nd been booming: Lansing ! were told that he. could not be con? sidered because such action would be a ! slap at President Wilson. Mr. Lansing resigned as Secretary of! State because of differences with the i President. One Tammany leader, who has no love for Mr. Wilson, made this1 comment: "So far we have not done anything which could be interpreted as an open slap at, the President, and 1 don't think it would be good politics to begin now. Indorsing Lansing would be tantamount to such action." Hope Wadsworth Will Win The Democrats are hoping that Sen? ator Wadsworth will win out in tho Republican primaries. They are pre- j dieting that with the aid of the ma- ; chine vote Senator Wadsworth will win i the. nomination, and that he can be ! beaten by any one they may nome in the November election. Within the next twenty-four hours, ! when all the party leaders from the various states have gathered here, con- ] ferences will be held to make selec? tions among the score of candidates i for the Senatorship and the half hun-! dred aspirants for the other offices. Several prominent Tammany leaders to-night were talking of getting behind Charles E. Treman, of Ithaca, for United States Senator. Treman is a wholesale dealer in agricultural imple? ments and was one of the men recom? mended two years ago by the Syra? cuse conference of upstate leaders for the Democratic nomination for Gov? ernor. Several new candidates for Senator were trotted out to-day, among them being Henry Morgenthau, former Am? bassador to Turkey and former treas? urer of the Democratic National Com? mittee; John B. Havens, of Rochester, and former State. Senator John C. R. Taylor, of Orange County. Smith to Be Named Governor ?Smith unquestionably will be designated for the race to succeed j (Continu?e on paga 4) Miners Are Voting To Return at Once Men Practically Unan~ intous in Decision to Obey Order of Lewis Special Dispatch to The Tribune INDIANAPOLIS, Aug. 1. ??- Repors reaching headquarters of the United Mine Workers of America to-night from many of the bituminous coal fields of Indiana, where meetings were held to? day by local unions out on strike for the last week to act on the mandatory order of President John L. Lewis re? questing that they return to work im? mediately, were highly encouraging to officers of the international organiza? tion. At practically all tlie meetings ? held to-day the miners voted to return [ to work to-morrow. At Bicknell and the American No. 1 mine local of the United Mine Workers of America at a meeting this evening unanimously voted to return to work Monday morning. This local led in the i walkout in Indiana a week ago. Although the walk-out of 100 miners employed at the Diamond coal mine at Evansville yesterday left only two mines in the southern Indiana coal fields working, both operators and local officials of the mine workers predicted to-day that the mines will be working not Inter than Tuesday. Robert Leigh, of Evansville, member of the executive board of the United Mine Workers, who attended a conference of operators and mine officials at Terre Haute, said that he will make a nersonal appeal to the men to return to work at once. _.-??. Miss Jones Quits Bedford ; Many Attendants Resign Physicians and Matron AlsoWill Depart; Ice-Pack Treatment Given Fractions Prisoners BEDFORD, N. Y? Aug. 1.- The State Reformatory for Women is without a superintendent. Two months' cxperi ! ence in handling defiant and unruly ; young women was enough for Miss j Florence Jones. To-day she packed her i things and left. Her resignation had ? been scheduled to take effect August 1. The reformatory is also faced with a ! depletion in the ranks of its attend j ants. Many have resigned since the ; riot nine days ago. The reformatory : physicians, Dr. Mary Connant and Dr. Elizabeth Jaeger, and Matron Hannah . Moore have announced that they are going elsewhere to work. Mrs. Frank Christian, of Elmira, is in temporary , charge of the institution. Attendants' who still remain reported ' to-day that a niunber of fractious pris? oners are being given the ice-pack : treatment. This consists of packing ; them from head to foot in ice bags for i the purpose of restoring them to a I state of calmnejss. A temporary psychopathic ward has S been opened at the reformatory. Dr. ; Menas Gregory, a member of the board of managers, is neported to have sent ! three Bellevue nurses to the institu ; tion to assist in the treatment of in 1 mates. Italy May Confiscate Excess War Profits ROME, Aug. 1.-?The govern? ment bill providing for confisca? tion of all excess war profits was passed in its entirety by the Ital? ian Chamber of Deputies here yesterday. Canadian Sends Challenge for America's A. C. lioss, Ex-Member ofj Parliament, Proposes to IN. Y. Club Thai Yaehis ! Race it? Summer of 1922! Boat to Cost a Million SIoopTo Be Manned by Nova j Seotia Fishermen and '< Paid by Popular Fund ; TORONTO, August 1.?Alexander C. I Ross, a former member of the Canadian ' Parliament, announced to-night that he had sent a challenge to the New York Yacht Glub to compete for the Amer? ica's cup in the summer of 1922. The challenge, Mr. Ross said, has been sent on behalf of the Nova Scotia Yacht Squadron and if accepted it is proposed to have the boat designed, by j a Britisher, built in Canada and man- ! ned by Nova Scotia fishermen. Commodore Aemilius Jarvis, of To- I ronto, who was one of Sir Thomas ; Lipton's advisers, conferred here to- ' day with Mr. Ross and intimated his i willingness to be the skipper for the j next race. He estimated the cost of the new challenger, which will be christened i "The Maple Leaf," will be more than | $1,000,000. Mr. Ross said it is planned to have the cost of construction paid for by popular subscription. Public to Pay for Boat When told about the proposed chal? lenge by a Canadian yacht, several British-Columbia skippers, Mr. Ross said, expressed their willingness to finance the project. He added, how? ever, that he intends to make the challenge a matter of national inter? est and that subscriptions will be re? ceived from a dollar upward. "There arc enough sportsmen in this country to carry this thing through," declared Mr. Ross, "and I have the Ut? most confidence in our Nova Scotia fishermen. They are familiar with the kind of yacht that is to be sailed, for their fisher boats on the Cape Breton coast are similar in design to the Resolute and the Shamrock." Sir Thomas Lipton has been informed of the Canadian challenge, Mr. Ross said, but nothing has been heard from him Challenge .Received Here Commodore J. P. Morgan of the New York Yacht. Club received a telegram ; yopterday from Alexander C. Ross, of ? Montreal, announcing his intention of entering a challenger for the America's i Cup next July in behalf of the Nova i Scotia Yacht Squadron. "We will build a boat," he wired, "in ' Canada, to be manned by Nova Scotia j fishermen, if you grant us this oppor- ! tunity of competing. We will abide as j to measurement, cost, etc., and will j submit our bona fides by letter." It is expected that the message will I be laid before the America's Cup com mittee of the New York Yacht Club ! to-day. As a formal challenge in j writing is required under the deed ot | gift of the cup, it is likely that the j only immediate action taken by the. i committee will be to acknowledge the | receipt of the telegram. The project of entering a chai- ; lenger had been considered by 1 Mr. Ross before the war, it was j said, and he originally attempted; to make it a province-wide effort by suggesting that the money for building the challenger be raised by popular ' subscription in Nova Scotia. His challenge will take precedence over the tentative one of Sir Thomas ? Lipton, which was to have been de- ? cided by a race in 1922. -1 Jersey Motor Inspector Is Arrested for Speeding j - L. W. Gilbert Claims Immunity, but Is Slated for Trial; Swears Vengeance Lester W. Gilbert, chief inspector of ? the New Jersey State Motor Vehicle Department, was arrested for speeding i yesterday as he drove thro'*gh Passaic, I N. J., with a young woman seated be? side him. Mr. Gilbert was indignant. He assured the police that they couldn't arrest him and pointed'to a paragraph ; in the state law which says that an in? spector of his department is immune | from arrest for speeding while on offi i cial business. "You'll h"Ve a hearing in police court J j here August 10," said Sergeant Zober, j before whom Gilbert was arraigned, j ; "Meantime, I'll let you go on your own recognizance." Mr. Gilbert deonrted, vowing that i he*d have the job of the policeman who j locked him up if it took him half a 'lifetime. He li e ' 140 Pine Street, : Jersey City. -m Boy Scout Shot to Death ; Three Youngsters Held Companion Says Campers Fired on Them While Walking Near Buffalo Special Dispatch to The Tribune BUFFALO, Aug. 1.? Edward Pok grant, a sixteen-year-old Boy Scout, ' was shot and killed this afternoon near here. He was walking with Norman Wertz, fourteen years old, another Boy j Scout. They came across a camp, ac ! ccrding to Wertz, which they thought ? at first was that of some members of j their organization. As they approached it they became ! frightened at the rough aspect of the ! cnnipers, he continued and started j away. One of the campers, Wertz said, fired a shot after them and Pokgrant fell while he ran for help. A sheriff's posse visited the scene of ; the shooting and brought back three I beys whom they found in the vicinity. ' Two of them arc fifteen years old and thr- other is twelve. No charge has | been made against them, but they ' will be interrogated by the police. Cup Queenstown Is Barred to j Mannix Ship Britain Orders Vessel Car? rying Archbishop to Proceed to Liverpool; Cunard Line Is Included Great Loss Seen To Business Men; Permit Rule May Be Re? vived to Prevent Prel? ate Entering Ireland From The Tribune's European Bureau Copyright 1920, New York Tribune In?-. LONDON, Aug. 1. -Archbishop Man nix, of Melbourne, Australia, who sailed from New York yesterday on the White Star liner Baltic, will not even see Queenstown on his voyage. Announcement was made, to-day that neither White Star nor Cunard liners will call at Queenstown, Ireland, hence? forth. The decision to eliminate the stops at the Irish port is supposed to he due to a desire on the part of the British government to avoid difficulty if the Baltic with Archbishop Mannix on . board touched at that port. The prel? ate was booked- 'for Queenstown, de? spite the fact that Premier Lloyd George had announced that the Arch? bishop would not be allowed to land in Ireland. Although both the Cunard steam? ship Caronia, with 1.100 nassengers, and the White Star liner Celtic, with 800 passengers, for thai pert, aboard,1 were booked .to stop at Queenstown, both passed it to-day without stopping and made for Liverpool. DUBLIN, Aug. 1.?Should Archbishop Mannix, of Australia, be forced to pro? ceed direct to Liverpool the question, arises here as to how the government can prevent his coming to Ireland. Until a few months ago a permit was required to land in Ireland, but this regulation was abolished. It is sug? gested that, it might be revived, as has been the rule regarding government search of passengers' baggage. Large numbers of Irish bishops and priests from Australia are at present j visiting Ireland, and intimation has ; been given that they will form a body- ' guard for Archbishop Mannix if he is i permitted to land. The Archbishop of Sydney, Australia, who has been visiting Ireland, to-day ? preached a sermon sympathizing with \ the Sinn Fein. BELFAST, Aug. 1.?Ordering of the : Celtic and Caronia to proceed direct to : Liverpool, it is pointed out, will inflict heavy financial loss on the port, where the hotels laid in large supplies for thousands of passengers expected to land from the steamers. Pope Says Home Is UnderminedbyWar Conjugal Fidelity Less? ened. Declares Pontiff: Denounces Communism ROME, Aug. 1.?Evil conditions con- j fronting the world to-day are outlined in a circular letter issued to the Church by Pope Benedict yesterday. The pur? pose of this letter is to proclaim throughout the world the fiftieth anni versary of the decree by which St. Jo? seph was named patron of the univer? sal church, and in it the Pontiff urges the Catholic world to celebrate for a whole year from December next solemn functions in honor of the saint. "When the end of the war came," says the letter, "the minds of men, led astray by militarist passions, were ex- ,, asperated by the length and bitterness of the conflict, and aggravated by fam? ine, on one side and accumulated riches in the hands of a few on the other. The war brought about two other evils - the diminution of conjugal fidelity and the diminution of respect for con? stituted authority. Licentious habits ftllowed, even among young women, and there arose the fatal doctrine of Communism, with the absolute de? struction of dutiful relations between nations and between fathers and chil? dren. Terrible consequences ensuing have already been experienced." The letter continues by illustrating the efficacy of the patronage of St. Jo? seph, "since the society of mankind is founded on the family, and anything strengthening Christian domestic or? ganization also strengthens human so? ciety." * ? Girl Begins Studies to Become a Jewish Rabbi Hebrew Union College at Cin? cinnati Debates Whether Pul? pit Is Place for Women Special Dispatch to The Tribune CINCINNATI, Aug. 1.-?"Shall women enter the Jewish ministry?" is a ques? tion raised by Joseph Leiser, of Cin? cinnati, in the latest issue of "The American Israelite." The question is creating considerable discussion in Cincinnati Jewish circles and indi i rectly has brought to light the fact that one young woman, Miss Martha ! Neumark, of Cincinnati, is already i studying at the Hebrew Union College | for the pulpit. She is a daughter of ' Professor David Neumark, a member j of the faculty. Miss Neumark is the ! first girl in history to enter college to prepare to become a rabbi. "We have no objection at the college to women entering the ministry," de? clared Dr. Kauffmann, president of tlje Hebrew Union College. "The ques? tion is whether the congregations are prepared to receive women rabbis." Dr. Gothard Deutsch, dean of the college, expressed the opinion that there is no need for women in the pul? pit. "There have been numerous occa? sions on which women have spoken from Jewish pulpits," he said, "but, in my opinion, there is no need, for them as ministers. The congregations would hardly be inclined to receive them." Soviet Army 75 Miles From Warsaw; Polish Resistance Stiffening Reds' Drive in the North Spent, French Believe; Allied Officers Bolster Polish Soldiers' Morale Reinforcements i Reaching Front! Bolshevik Propaganda Is! Blamed for Disorganiza- j tion of Warsaw Army; By Ralph Courtney Special Cable to The Tribune . Copyright, 1920, New York Tribune In?-. PARIS, Aug. 1.?That the Russian blow in the north has now spent itself, is the belief to-day in competent French soui'ces, where it is said that it is now ? doubtful whether the Bolsheviki can gather strength for another grand scale ! offensive before next spring. Meanwhile many French and English | officers and technicians are arriving at1 the front. This has had a stimulating efTeet on the. Polish soldiery. More than a thousand English officers and technicians have just arrived by way of : Danzig. The Allied experts have undertaken I i to remedy the disorganization in the rear of the Polish army, which is one of the chief causes of the Polish de? feats. Efforts also are being made to stem the tide of disaffection in the Polish army, which Is largely caused, it is said, by the spreading of false news by the Bolsheviki, such as reports that demo? bilization had been ordered. Reorgani? zation of the northern front, however, is now taking place with great lapidity. Many reinforcements are arriving at the front. Reds' Infantry Demoralized Reports on the strength of the Rus? sian army say that the Soviets are making use of excellent and numerous cavalry which are very well disciplined and reliable. On the other hand, Rus? sian infantry is in a lamentable state. They have very little equipment and are in the last, stages of fatigue. They have no artillery and answer the Polish big gun fire only with machine j guns. The Soviet machine guns ap- ! pear to be-numerous and well served,] but the Reds evidently are short of ammunition. The Poles in the north, now com? manded by General Haller, are resort? ing to Draconian measures to stop the Bolsheviki, and it is believed they can I succeed. French opinion is inclined to ! believe that if peace negotiations fail | the Bolsheviki will endeavor to stabil? ize the present front, waiting until ! next spring to make another grand of? fensive. Magyars and Bolsheviki From the southern front it is report? ed the Soviet troops are operating in the Tarnopol-Brody sector, aided by a Magyar division, composed of 2,000 former prisoners of war. This division is operating against Lcmberg. Indications lead to the be? lief, it is said, that this Hungarian division will try to cross the Czecho? slovak frontier in the neighborhood of Stryf. The Polish situation is complicated by troubles at Danzig, where the dock er? are refusing to unload munitions destined for the Polish army, while Germany complains that the shipment of arms to the Poles constitutes a breach of Teuton neutrality. It is said that the shipment of goods to the free city is now completely at a standstill. Sir Reginald Tower has been compelled to make a threat that if the port workers continue their opposition to the unloading of munitions he will see that they are unloaded by other means. Late this evening no report of the results of the Baranovitchi armistice pourparlers had reached Paris, but it is said that the Bolsheviki are trying to make the negotiations drag on as long as possible. Germany Interns Fugitive Poles Special Cable to The Tribune Copyright, 1920, New Yorl? Tribuno Inc. BERLIN, Aug. 1.?The whole Berlin press applauds the action of the gov? ernment in interning at Arys 2,000 fugitive Poles who crossed the east Prussian frontier last night. The radical Socialist newspapers declare that the government's action indicates Germany's intention to maintain neu? trality. Early this morning a squadron of Bolshevik cavalry pursuing the Poles appeared at the German frontier. The commanding officer expressed irrita Lion at the escape of the Poles, but as? sured the frontier authorities that the Boisheviki are determined to respect German neutrality. Figures are still unobtainable, but the disaster which overtook the Polish northern army could not have been ! more complete. Reports published here of the armis? tice negotiations between the Bolshe? viki and the Poles represent the Rus? sians as adopting a highly arrogant . attitude toward the Poles. One mes? sage from the Polish front, appearing ! in the "National Zeitung," says the Poles regard the Russian proposal? as quite unacceptable, and that a break? down of the negotiations is s.t hand. Communist Coup Feared Meanwhile, the anxiety of the Ger? man middle classes is increased by de? tailed stories of the imminence of a Communist coup in Germany. To? night's "Deutsche Tages Zeitung" gives what it says is the text of final in? structions issued by the German Cen? tral Soviet Committee, running: "The time is approaching when we . must take over all government power. Our reckoning with capitalist society in Germany must be vigorous and re? lentless. A general strike proclamation ; is being, prepared and will be dis i tributed in due course." Despite the fulminating of the Ger? man Communists, there does not seem to be any probability that the vast mass of the workers h re taking part in ; any such wild escapade. Polish Women Troops, Shattered, in Warsaw WARSAW, Aug. 1 (By The Associated Press).?Warsaw was brought into closer contact with the front to-day by the arrival, in a shattered condition, of a wom? en's battalion which fought in the defense of Vilna. The bat? talion suffered heavy losses and is now being reorganized. Mass has been held in memory of the women soldiers and others who fell defending Vilna. China Requests! 9 Million Loan! Of U.S. Bankers Group Interested in Pro? posed Consortium Asked to Make an Advance lin? der T, W. Lamont's Plan For Reconstruction Work Japan Said to Obstruct '? Scheme Whereby Peking j May Get Financial Aid By Nathaniel Peffer Special Cable to The Tribune Copyright, 1920, New York Tribune Inc. PEKIN, Aug. 1.?China has asked the American group of bankers interested in the proposed consortium for a loan of $9,000,000 on account, agreeing to the terms laid down in the plan mapped out ? by Thomas W. Lamont, of J. P. Morgan & Co. China asks for an immediate ! advance for the purpose of disbanding ? troops and reconstructing the govern-1 ment, after the overthrow of the pro- I Japan Cabinet. In the mean time the consortium is i obstructed by Japan, ftwhich is holding I out. Charles R. Crane, American Minister j to China, is individually doing what he ? can for China. The change in government improves i the prospect of an international finan- j cial agreement if America takes the ini- ? tiative. _ Expected Loan Will Be Made From The Tribune's Washington Bureau WASHINGTON, Aug. 1.?While of? ficial comment on the request of China j for an advance of $9,000,000 on the i loan arranged by the consortium early j last month was withheld, it was said j unofficially that in all probability the money will promptly be forthcoming. Delay in advancing money to China, once the difficulties in the way of the j consortium were smoothed out, was j caused by the civil war. The attempt of the Anfu party, about a month ago, ? to force President Hsu of China to dis- I miss the officials and generals of the I State of Chihli precipitated the trouble, j The Anfu party has been suspected of j being pro-Japanese. While openly giv- ! ing in to the Anfu leaders, President Hsu secretly sent word to General Tsao and General Wu Pei-Wu, leaders of the Chihli party, to remain in office. ! Then came the peremptory demand of the Anfu leaHprs for the Chihli lead- j ers to get oat, whereupon the Chihli ? generals mobilized their army and j started northward toward Peking. Tuan, commander in chief of the ! Anfu forces, was defeatjd in practical- ! ly every engagement, and was vir- ' tually crushed several weeks ago in a battle along the Peking and Tientsin Railway. The last reports had Tuan Chi Jui, leader of the Anfu party, in flight about 270 miles north of Peking, j with Tsao and Wu Pei-Wu in hot pur- j suit, and the government completely in the hands of the Chihli party. This was further indicated by the resignation of the Anfu members of ' the Cabinet, all disavowing any con? nection with their late chief, Tuan. The consortium was finally agreed upon with five powers as managers, ? but, as a result of the insistence by j the United States that the door to all powers having interests in Chint. should be left open, with the under? standing that other powers could join i in the loan if they wished. Japan had wanted to make all loan? | to China herself, preferring this toi any agreement for joint loans. She! finally agreed to the consortium, how? ever, stipulating that all the money loaned China should be for purely reconstructive purposes, and none of it should be used for war or military pre? paredness. As a result of the civil war the loan was held up, and the powers acted jointly in keeping open the Peking* and Tientsen Railroad after the battle along it. Most of the powers involved in the loan had garrisons at Tient-?. under the original Boxer agreement, providing that this railroad to Peking should be kept open. The United States had a battalion of troops there, which was reinforced after the civil war had broken out by 500 marines landed from the Pacific fleet. The road was kept open, one train a day for mail and passengers being operated in each direction. Communists in Britain Vote for Dictatorship LONDON, Aug. 1. Agreement was unanimously- reached to form a Com? munist party in Great Britain "for the ?purpose oi establishing Communist rule, conferring power on the working classes and controlling all forces of production," at the opening session of the Communist convention here yester? day. Present at the initial meeting were 15-1 delegates of British Commu? nist organizations. Resolutions were passed saying it was necessary to "se.t up a dictatorship of the proletariat as a means of combating counter revolu? tion " Fortress of Lomza and Two Towns Near Ger. man Border Reported Captured by Bolsheviki Haller's Defense Encourages Alli?e Fear Felt for Troops e? Brest-Litovsk, Which Ij Said to Have Fallen PARIS, Aug. 1 (By The Associ? ated Press).?The Russian Soviel. army is. now within seventy-fivq miles of Warsaw. It has capture;! Lomza, which is just that distan?a northeast of the Polish capital, an t the towns of Kolno and Szcuczyr, near the German border in th.* Lomza region. In spite cf these and other Bolshei vik successes, military expev's of u". .:? Anglo-French mission in Poland aro reported to be optimistic because ?... the remarkable stiffening in the re? sistance of the Polish northern array under General Haller. Concern Over Fourth Army The chief concern of the experts ia the position of the Fourth PoKch Army, defending Brest-Litovsk. I it Polish advices declare the pressure upon that army will be relieved shortly by the Polish counter offen? sive which is being directed north? eastward from the region of Brody. northeast of Lern berg. A large number of ships is arriving at Danzig daily from French an! British ports with munitions, which-art; being unloaded rapidly and rushed to the Polish front, according to word re? ceived here. An efficient unloading system has been organized by the Allied experts, and in putting this system into effect French, British and Polish workers are laboring side by sid'i without interference, it is declared. Brest-Litovsk Reported Taken LONDON, Aug. 1.?The fortress of Brest-Litovsk, the stronghold 110 miles east of Warsaw on the boundary ( " Poland proper, is reported to have bee:*, captured by the Russians, according to a wireless dispatch from Berlin to-day. The reports, says the Berlin message, came from eastern Germany, and <ie clare that Brest-Litovsk has been taken by the Bolsheviki. after onlv slight resistance from the Poles, and that the Soviet forces were continuing their advance toward Warsaw and Lemberg. The Bolshevik cavalry on the Gei - man eastern frontier, the message adds, has been withdrawn and started in th" direction of Warsaw. Friday's official Soviet commui from Moscow, transmitted thro gh London Saturday, while it did not claim the capture of Brest-Litovsk, in? dicated that the Soviet forces ha ! reached that fortress in their forward movement against the Poles. The statement said: "We occupied Prusham Tuesday and advanced to Brest-Litovsk. Thursday." Reds Occupy More Towns A continuance of the Bolshevik ad? vance west of Bialystok, with the oc? cupation of towns and villages, is re? ported in Saturdays communique < f the Russian war offic?- at Moscow, re ceived here to-day. 11 cads: "In the direction of Lomza (seventy five miles northeast of Warsaw ? we forced the rivers BoboiT and Nareff. "West of Bialystok o?r advance is continuing successfully. To the ?-out 7 of Bialystok we occupied Bielsk. "In the region of the Belovezh Forest we occupied Belovezh station. North? east of Kovrin we have broken the enemy's stubborn resistance and oc? cupied a series of villages." Poles Repulse Bolsheviki WARSAW, Aug. 1 (By The Associ? ated Press).?Bolshevik forces, have been concentrated on the b r-.k? of the Narew River, with the apparent object of driving to Warsaw along the Bug River, have begun a series o strong attacks, according to a Po communiqu? issued here to-day. statement adds that the Poles have repulsed the Bolsheviki with he-.v ? loss in a sector near Topieloe, the R ? sians abandoning eleven machine g , and leaving 500 dead. A desperate struggle is going on west of Bialystok, on the Bre*t Litovsk Railroad, for possession o? th? line running through Torczeja and Lubina and along the Rivers Nurets and Zerzyce. , The fighting in the Brody region i i reported by the statement as favor afele to the Poles. No Word of Truce Envoys I Nothing has been heard up to this i hour from the Polish armistice nego ? liators since they were swallowed un in the darkness within the Soviet Rus? sian lines at 9 o'clock Friday night, <??*. their way to meet the Soviet armistice envoys. While the crossing of No Man's Land was arranged to take place ai 8 p. m., there was an hour's delay, dur to a misunderstanding in signals. ? owing to the difference in time kept by the two armies, and the Poles wer-? obviously agitated by the wait im? posed upon them before- the jump-o;? from the Polish front to the Soviet lines. The crossing was made in a quiet sector, in the region of Kobryn. Seven Polish automobiles borr- the emis? saries. The cars carried white flag:. The motor bearing Genera] R?mer, the head of ttv, delegaci?n, wen. ?.v ? x -v _ *?;? ??