Newspaper Page Text
ADVERTISED IN THE
TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED
Vol. LXXX No. 26,923
New York Tribun? Inc.)
First to Last ? the Truth: News ? Editorials ? Advertisements
M?NI>A?f A?GUS* L\ 1920
Partly clondy to-day; to-morrow fair,
with rising temperature; gentle
to moderate variable winds,
Fall Hepnrt on Last Pac?
* * * .
TWO CENT? I THRKB (KNTS I F017R r?TTT!
In Gr??ter ?w York I Mithin ?0? Mile? I Klu^wlwre
Various Commissions To
Be Asked to Grant Same
Advances I. C. C Per-;
mits Interstate Business!
On This Increase
Will Not Add to the Total
income Provided by the
Federal Board Decision
WASHINGTON, Aug. 1 (By The As- j
sociated Press).- Advances of intra
state rates?freight, passenger and
Pullman to correspond with the in?
terstate increases authorized yesterday
by the Interstate Commerce Commis?
sion will be asked of the various state
railway commissions by the carriers, it
was stated here to-night by Alfred P.
Thorn, general counsel for the Associ?
ation of Railway Executives.
Such intrastate rate increases, Mr.
Tnom said, will not add to the total
income provided for by the Federal
commission's decision because in sub?
mitting their estimates the carriers
calculated on a basis of increases of
both interstate and intrastate rates.
applications to the state commissions
ave row being prepared by the rail?
roads, and it is expected by the rail
way executives that the increases will
be granted. Should any state commis?
sion refuse to authorize them, however,
the carriers, Mr. Thorn said, will pro?
ceed under the transportation act and
ask a hearing before the Interstate.
erce Commission"" to determine
:- the existing intrastate rates
are discriminatory or prejudicial to
Slate Representatives at Hearings
It was pointed out by Mr. Thorn that
three representatives of the state com?
mis-ion sat with the Federal commis
sion during the public hearings on the
ation of the carriers. They will
make reports to the state commissions,
: Mr. Thoni said it was thought that
? ?pinions would have weight with
S'nce the increases in passenger,
Pullman, excess baggage and milk
rates were made general for the en
tire country bv the Federal commis?
sftn the railroads will ask for corre?
sponding increases in each state. The
percentage of advances in intrastate
freight rates which the roads will re?
nkest, however, will correspond to the
Turcantage authorized in the territory
? which the state is located, Thus
increases requested in Eastern states
tvouid be 40 per cent; in Southern
states, 25 per cent; in Western states,
r cent, and in mountain-Pacific
s ates, 25 per cent.
Rate increases granted the railroads
by -he Interstate Commerce Commis?
sion are designed to give the carriers
Su annual net operating income of
Si. 134,000,000, or $2-11.000,000 more
than the standard return allowed by
the government and based on the aver
i the three-year period immedi?
ately preceding Federal control.
Thii sum is $34,000.000 more than the
loads made in their record year of
1916, but is $99.000,000 less than the
total of 51,233,000,000 net operating in
i'ome which they sought in presenting
their applications to the commission.
Experts Start Work To-day
Rate experts of the carriers will sei
to work to-morrow on the tremendous
task of preparing the new tariff sched?
ules which it is planned to file in timt
for the increased rates?freight, pas
senger and Pullman?to become effec?
tive on September 1. On that date th<
? raillent guaranty of the standar?:
of $893.000,000 annually will ex
nder a provision of the transpor
talion act limiting this guaranty to si>
after the carriers were returnee
to private control.
Experts of the commission and th?
? rs will also undertake to figur.
the actual money return which wil
accrue to the roads from the rate in
creases granted, which are about 3:
per cent on freight rates, 20 per cen
"ft passenger.'excess baggage and mill
rates and 50 per cent on charges fo
in sleeping and parlor cars.
The actual increased amount to h
received by the roads a? a result o
he rate advances has been roughl'
ited at $1,500,000,000, but unti
the new tariffs aie worked out and pu
"ration the exact amount i
i'oblernatical. With passenger fare
ed one-tifth and Pullraa
<'??? irg? g advanced one-half passenge
travel probably will be reduced.
To Help Absorb Wage Raise
Based on the present passenger traf
c ftnese increases are expected to yiel
the roads a return of $277,000,000, al
of which was ".ought to help absor
I e wage advance to railroad worker
which the Railroad Labor Board ha
informed the commission will work oc
at $618,000,000, instead of the $600
<ft>0,000 first estimated. The carrier
have figured the increase at $625,000
000. For the purposes of the rate cas
the commission used the board's fin
The estimated net operating inconi
? 11,134,000,000 which the roads are 1
receive under the new increase repr?
s at s ft per cent on the aggregate valt
1 the railroad properties, which w;
i by the commission at $18,900
'ft or $1,140,000,000 less than ti
curriers' estimate. Of the total ii
received by the roads one-ha
O? i Ter eent of the aggregate value, ?
00,000. must be set aside annual
for additions and betterments.
Thus the actual net operating i
come going into the treasury of tl
carriers would be $1,040,000,000. Fro
this must be deducted taxes and oth
fixed expenses not included in ope
ating expenses before the actual n
income is determined. Admitted
taxes and most, others of such fixed e
Penses have increased since the pr
War period on which the standa
government return is based.
Should the commission's decision r
lit m producing more than the 6 p
""t return on the aggregate val
allowed linder the * transportation 8'
<>Oe-half of the excess would, und
'he terms of that act, be placed in t
reserve funds of the roads and t
other half turned over to the Int<
"" *'.?<* Commerce Commission to esta
lish a revolving fund to be used f
making loans to the carriers or i
Purchasing equipment to be leased
Six Per Cent Net Income Fixed
The estimated net income to be i
Iceived by the three groups of roads
''"-ed at 6 ?Ser cent of the valuati
Borah Will Be Active
in Harding Campaign
CHICAGO, Aug. 1.?Senator
William E. Borah, of Idaho, ac?
tive in the pre-convention cam?
paign for Hiram Johnson, will
take an active part in the cam?
paign for Senator Harding, and
probably will make several speak?
ing tours in the interest of the
Republican nominee, it was an?
nounced at Republican headquar?
ters here last night.
In Auto Party,I
Killed by Train
Doctor and Wife, Friends of
Former High Official of
Indiana, Also Victims j
of Motor Crash in Ohio
Hanly Long in Politics
Defeated T. R. Marshall for
Governor 16 Years Ago;!
Was Strong Prohibitionist
- _? (
DENNISON, Ohio, Aug. l.?J. Frank
Hanly, former Governor of Indiana and
candidate for President on the Prohi- ,
bition ticket in 1916, and Dr. and Mrs
C. M. Baker, of Kilgore, Ohio, were
killed six miles from here early to-day '
when a Pennsylvania freight train
struck the automobile in which they ,
All three suffered fractured skulls
and their bodies were crushed. None |
recovered consciousness after being
brought to a local hospital. Mr. Hanly ?
died at 9 a. m.. Mrs. Baker at 11:30?
and her husband at 3:30 p. m.
Dr. and Mrr-. Baker had met Mr. '
Hanly in Denmison at 6:45 o'clock this
morning and were driving him to their,
home in Kilgore, twenty miles from !
CHICAGO, Aug. 1.?The Prohibition ;
party lost one of its greatest leaders '
in the death of J. Frank Hanly, Virgil |
G. Hinshaw, chairman of the Prohibi?
tion national committee, said, when |
informed by the Associated Press of .
the fatal accident.
"Mr.' Hanly made his first big fight
for prohibition sixteen years ago, when
ho was elected Governor of Indiana on
a county option platform in opposition
to Thomas R. Marshall, now Vice
Pr?sident," said Mr. Hinshaw. "Mr
Marshall was understood to be opposed
to prohibition in that campaign and
Hanly's victory marked one of pro?
hibition's first great triumphs.
"Five years previous to his election,
however, he had come out strongly for
prohibition and made an extended
speaking tour over the country. Later
h 7- made many other tours for prohibi?
tion and was always looked upon as :
one of our greatest leaders.
"In 1916 be was the party's candidate
for President and drew an unusually
Mr. Hanly was born at St. Joseph,
111., April 4, 1863. He was educated
in the common schools of Champaign
County, Illinois, and was married in
1881 to Eva M. Simmer, of Williams
port, Ind. He taught in the public
schools of that city from 1881 to 1889, j
when he was admitted to the bar. He
practiced law in Williamsport until
1896, when he moved to Lafayette, Ind.,
where he practiced until 1905. He was
a member of the Indiana State Senate
in 1890 and a member of the 54th Con?
gress from 1895 to 1897. He was an
unsuccessful candidate for the United
States Seriate in 1899 and was Governor
of Indiana from 1905 to 1909.
He was the publisher of two news?
papers in Indianapolis, "The. National
Enquirer," a weekly, which he founded
in 19!5, and the Indianapolis "Com- ,
mercial," a daily.
He represented the drys before the
United States Supreme Court in the
Ohio cases in which the constitutional- I
ity of the national prohibition amend?
ment was sustained, as well as the
validity of the Volstead act.
As tine president of the Flying Squad?
ron Foundation, he was preparing to
launch a nation-wide fight for the
election of dry Congressmen to main- j
tain the law. A campaign is to be ;
continued as planned by him.
Debs Calls Halt on Move
To Free Him From Prison
Socialist Leader "Wishes to
Fare No Better Than
WASHINGTON, Aug. 1.- -Eugene V.
Debs, Socialist candidate for Presi?
dent, has put his foot down on the
1 movement started by friends to obtain
his release from the Federal prison.
Writing from the Atlanta peniten
: tiary, De*bs declared that so long as hi.-'
comrades "are held criminals and con
virts," his place was there. The let?
ter, sent to Mrs. Lucy Robins, secre?
tary of the Central Labor Bodies' Con?
ference of New York, and made public
here to-day, said:
"Please say to tho comrades in New
i York that while I appreciate fully all
' that has been done in my behalf. I
. object emphatically to any further
j appeal being made for me only to
' President Wilson. I wish no special
consideration and I wish to fare no
; better than my comrades.
"As long as they are held criminals
! and convicts my place is here. My
comrades will therefore understand
i that they can serve me best by bring
, ing their influence to bear in behalf
of all." _
Chicago Labor Orders War on
U. S. Chamber of Commerce
CHICAGO, Aug. 1.?The Chicago Fed
! eration of Labor to-day authorized its
; president, John Fitzpatrick, to appoint
I a committee of fifteen for the announced
purpose of "actively going to battle
with the United States Chamber of
Commerce on the closed shop proposi?
tion" and to devise means of preventing
DomeMio Help Problems
easily aolved by consulting Situation
1 Wanted Female Ads. that appear In The
! Tribune dally or by Inaertlmr a Help
Wanted Ad Phone Beekman "?OOO or so
to any of The Tribune's Want Ad. Aj,.>*it*
?over 500 in ?Jieatcr New York.?Advt.
Democratic Leaders at
Saratoga Say It Would
Be Bad Politics Now j
to "Slap at President"
Many Eager to Run
See Hope of Victory if
Him for Second Term
From a Staff Correspondent
SARATOGA SPRINGS, N. Y.. Aug. 1.
?Tammany, leaders to-night threw cold
water on the boom of Robert Lansing,
former Secretary of State, for the i
Democratic designation for United
States Senator at the unofficial state
convention to be held here Tuesday.
Friends who h?nd been booming: Lansing !
were told that he. could not be con?
sidered because such action would be a !
slap at President Wilson.
Mr. Lansing resigned as Secretary of!
State because of differences with the i
President. One Tammany leader, who
has no love for Mr. Wilson, made this1
comment: "So far we have not done
anything which could be interpreted as
an open slap at, the President, and 1
don't think it would be good politics
to begin now. Indorsing Lansing
would be tantamount to such action."
Hope Wadsworth Will Win
The Democrats are hoping that Sen?
ator Wadsworth will win out in tho
Republican primaries. They are pre- j
dieting that with the aid of the ma- ;
chine vote Senator Wadsworth will win i
the. nomination, and that he can be !
beaten by any one they may nome in
the November election.
Within the next twenty-four hours, !
when all the party leaders from the
various states have gathered here, con- ]
ferences will be held to make selec?
tions among the score of candidates i
for the Senatorship and the half hun-!
dred aspirants for the other offices.
Several prominent Tammany leaders
to-night were talking of getting behind
Charles E. Treman, of Ithaca, for
United States Senator. Treman is a
wholesale dealer in agricultural imple?
ments and was one of the men recom?
mended two years ago by the Syra?
cuse conference of upstate leaders for
the Democratic nomination for Gov?
Several new candidates for Senator
were trotted out to-day, among them
being Henry Morgenthau, former Am?
bassador to Turkey and former treas?
urer of the Democratic National Com?
mittee; John B. Havens, of Rochester,
and former State. Senator John C. R.
Taylor, of Orange County.
Smith to Be Named
Governor ?Smith unquestionably will
be designated for the race to succeed j
(Continu?e on paga 4)
Miners Are Voting
To Return at Once
Men Practically Unan~
intous in Decision to
Obey Order of Lewis
Special Dispatch to The Tribune
INDIANAPOLIS, Aug. 1. ??- Repors
reaching headquarters of the United
Mine Workers of America to-night from
many of the bituminous coal fields of
Indiana, where meetings were held to?
day by local unions out on strike for
the last week to act on the mandatory
order of President John L. Lewis re?
questing that they return to work im?
mediately, were highly encouraging to
officers of the international organiza?
tion. At practically all tlie meetings ?
held to-day the miners voted to return [
to work to-morrow.
At Bicknell and the American No. 1
mine local of the United Mine Workers
of America at a meeting this evening
unanimously voted to return to work
Monday morning. This local led in the i
walkout in Indiana a week ago.
Although the walk-out of 100 miners
employed at the Diamond coal mine at
Evansville yesterday left only two
mines in the southern Indiana coal
fields working, both operators and local
officials of the mine workers predicted
to-day that the mines will be working
not Inter than Tuesday. Robert Leigh,
of Evansville, member of the executive
board of the United Mine Workers, who
attended a conference of operators and
mine officials at Terre Haute, said that
he will make a nersonal appeal to the
men to return to work at once.
Miss Jones Quits Bedford ;
Many Attendants Resign
Physicians and Matron AlsoWill
Depart; Ice-Pack Treatment
Given Fractions Prisoners
BEDFORD, N. Y? Aug. 1.- The State
Reformatory for Women is without a
superintendent. Two months' cxperi
! ence in handling defiant and unruly
; young women was enough for Miss
j Florence Jones. To-day she packed her
i things and left. Her resignation had
? been scheduled to take effect August 1.
The reformatory is also faced with a
! depletion in the ranks of its attend
j ants. Many have resigned since the
; riot nine days ago. The reformatory
: physicians, Dr. Mary Connant and Dr.
Elizabeth Jaeger, and Matron Hannah
. Moore have announced that they are
going elsewhere to work. Mrs. Frank
Christian, of Elmira, is in temporary
, charge of the institution.
Attendants' who still remain reported
' to-day that a niunber of fractious pris?
oners are being given the ice-pack
: treatment. This consists of packing
; them from head to foot in ice bags for
i the purpose of restoring them to a
I state of calmnejss.
A temporary psychopathic ward has
S been opened at the reformatory. Dr.
; Menas Gregory, a member of the board
of managers, is neported to have sent
! three Bellevue nurses to the institu
; tion to assist in the treatment of in
Italy May Confiscate
Excess War Profits
ROME, Aug. 1.-?The govern?
ment bill providing for confisca?
tion of all excess war profits was
passed in its entirety by the Ital?
ian Chamber of Deputies here
A. C. lioss, Ex-Member ofj
Parliament, Proposes to
IN. Y. Club Thai Yaehis !
Race it? Summer of 1922!
Boat to Cost a Million
SIoopTo Be Manned by Nova j
Seotia Fishermen and '<
Paid by Popular Fund ;
TORONTO, August 1.?Alexander C. I
Ross, a former member of the Canadian '
Parliament, announced to-night that he
had sent a challenge to the New York
Yacht Glub to compete for the Amer?
ica's cup in the summer of 1922.
The challenge, Mr. Ross said, has
been sent on behalf of the Nova Scotia
Yacht Squadron and if accepted it is
proposed to have the boat designed, by j
a Britisher, built in Canada and man- !
ned by Nova Scotia fishermen.
Commodore Aemilius Jarvis, of To- I
ronto, who was one of Sir Thomas ;
Lipton's advisers, conferred here to- '
day with Mr. Ross and intimated his i
willingness to be the skipper for the j
He estimated the cost of the new
challenger, which will be christened i
"The Maple Leaf," will be more than |
$1,000,000. Mr. Ross said it is planned
to have the cost of construction paid
for by popular subscription.
Public to Pay for Boat
When told about the proposed chal?
lenge by a Canadian yacht, several
British-Columbia skippers, Mr. Ross
said, expressed their willingness to
finance the project. He added, how?
ever, that he intends to make the
challenge a matter of national inter?
est and that subscriptions will be re?
ceived from a dollar upward.
"There arc enough sportsmen in this
country to carry this thing through,"
declared Mr. Ross, "and I have the Ut?
most confidence in our Nova Scotia
fishermen. They are familiar with the
kind of yacht that is to be sailed, for
their fisher boats on the Cape Breton
coast are similar in design to the
Resolute and the Shamrock."
Sir Thomas Lipton has been informed
of the Canadian challenge, Mr. Ross
said, but nothing has been heard from
Challenge .Received Here
Commodore J. P. Morgan of the New
York Yacht. Club received a telegram ;
yopterday from Alexander C. Ross, of ?
Montreal, announcing his intention of
entering a challenger for the America's i
Cup next July in behalf of the Nova i
Scotia Yacht Squadron.
"We will build a boat," he wired, "in '
Canada, to be manned by Nova Scotia j
fishermen, if you grant us this oppor- !
tunity of competing. We will abide as j
to measurement, cost, etc., and will j
submit our bona fides by letter."
It is expected that the message will I
be laid before the America's Cup com
mittee of the New York Yacht Club !
to-day. As a formal challenge in j
writing is required under the deed ot |
gift of the cup, it is likely that the j
only immediate action taken by the. i
committee will be to acknowledge the |
receipt of the telegram.
The project of entering a chai- ;
lenger had been considered by 1
Mr. Ross before the war, it was j
said, and he originally attempted;
to make it a province-wide effort by
suggesting that the money for building
the challenger be raised by popular '
subscription in Nova Scotia.
His challenge will take precedence
over the tentative one of Sir Thomas ?
Lipton, which was to have been de- ?
cided by a race in 1922.
Jersey Motor Inspector
Is Arrested for Speeding j
L. W. Gilbert Claims Immunity,
but Is Slated for Trial;
Lester W. Gilbert, chief inspector of ?
the New Jersey State Motor Vehicle
Department, was arrested for speeding i
yesterday as he drove thro'*gh Passaic, I
N. J., with a young woman seated be?
side him. Mr. Gilbert was indignant.
He assured the police that they couldn't
arrest him and pointed'to a paragraph
; in the state law which says that an in?
spector of his department is immune
| from arrest for speeding while on offi
i cial business.
"You'll h"Ve a hearing in police court J
j here August 10," said Sergeant Zober, j
before whom Gilbert was arraigned, j
; "Meantime, I'll let you go on your own
Mr. Gilbert deonrted, vowing that
i he*d have the job of the policeman who
j locked him up if it took him half a
'lifetime. He li e ' 140 Pine Street,
: Jersey City.
Boy Scout Shot to Death ;
Three Youngsters Held
Companion Says Campers Fired
on Them While Walking
Special Dispatch to The Tribune
BUFFALO, Aug. 1.? Edward Pok
grant, a sixteen-year-old Boy Scout,
' was shot and killed this afternoon near
here. He was walking with Norman
Wertz, fourteen years old, another Boy
j Scout. They came across a camp, ac
! ccrding to Wertz, which they thought
? at first was that of some members of
j their organization.
As they approached it they became
! frightened at the rough aspect of the
! cnnipers, he continued and started
j away. One of the campers, Wertz said,
fired a shot after them and Pokgrant
fell while he ran for help.
A sheriff's posse visited the scene of
; the shooting and brought back three
I beys whom they found in the vicinity.
' Two of them arc fifteen years old and
thr- other is twelve. No charge has
| been made against them, but they
' will be interrogated by the police.
Is Barred to j
Britain Orders Vessel Car?
rying Archbishop to
Proceed to Liverpool;
Cunard Line Is Included
Great Loss Seen
To Business Men;
Permit Rule May Be Re?
vived to Prevent Prel?
ate Entering Ireland
From The Tribune's European Bureau
Copyright 1920, New York Tribune In?-.
LONDON, Aug. 1. -Archbishop Man
nix, of Melbourne, Australia, who
sailed from New York yesterday on
the White Star liner Baltic, will not
even see Queenstown on his voyage.
Announcement was made, to-day that
neither White Star nor Cunard liners
will call at Queenstown, Ireland, hence?
The decision to eliminate the stops
at the Irish port is supposed to he due
to a desire on the part of the British
government to avoid difficulty if the
Baltic with Archbishop Mannix on .
board touched at that port. The prel?
ate was booked- 'for Queenstown, de?
spite the fact that Premier Lloyd
George had announced that the Arch?
bishop would not be allowed to land
Although both the Cunard steam?
ship Caronia, with 1.100 nassengers,
and the White Star liner Celtic, with
800 passengers, for thai pert, aboard,1
were booked .to stop at Queenstown,
both passed it to-day without stopping
and made for Liverpool.
DUBLIN, Aug. 1.?Should Archbishop
Mannix, of Australia, be forced to pro?
ceed direct to Liverpool the question,
arises here as to how the government
can prevent his coming to Ireland.
Until a few months ago a permit was
required to land in Ireland, but this
regulation was abolished. It is sug?
gested that, it might be revived, as has
been the rule regarding government
search of passengers' baggage.
Large numbers of Irish bishops and
priests from Australia are at present j
visiting Ireland, and intimation has ;
been given that they will form a body- '
guard for Archbishop Mannix if he is i
permitted to land.
The Archbishop of Sydney, Australia,
who has been visiting Ireland, to-day ?
preached a sermon sympathizing with \
the Sinn Fein.
BELFAST, Aug. 1.?Ordering of the :
Celtic and Caronia to proceed direct to :
Liverpool, it is pointed out, will inflict
heavy financial loss on the port, where
the hotels laid in large supplies for
thousands of passengers expected to
land from the steamers.
Pope Says Home Is
Conjugal Fidelity Less?
ened. Declares Pontiff:
ROME, Aug. 1.?Evil conditions con- j
fronting the world to-day are outlined
in a circular letter issued to the Church
by Pope Benedict yesterday. The pur?
pose of this letter is to proclaim
throughout the world the fiftieth anni
versary of the decree by which St. Jo?
seph was named patron of the univer?
sal church, and in it the Pontiff urges
the Catholic world to celebrate for a
whole year from December next solemn
functions in honor of the saint.
"When the end of the war came,"
says the letter, "the minds of men, led
astray by militarist passions, were ex- ,,
asperated by the length and bitterness
of the conflict, and aggravated by fam?
ine, on one side and accumulated riches
in the hands of a few on the other.
The war brought about two other evils
- the diminution of conjugal fidelity
and the diminution of respect for con?
stituted authority. Licentious habits
ftllowed, even among young women,
and there arose the fatal doctrine of
Communism, with the absolute de?
struction of dutiful relations between
nations and between fathers and chil?
dren. Terrible consequences ensuing
have already been experienced."
The letter continues by illustrating
the efficacy of the patronage of St. Jo?
seph, "since the society of mankind is
founded on the family, and anything
strengthening Christian domestic or?
ganization also strengthens human so?
Girl Begins Studies to
Become a Jewish Rabbi
Hebrew Union College at Cin?
cinnati Debates Whether Pul?
pit Is Place for Women
Special Dispatch to The Tribune
CINCINNATI, Aug. 1.-?"Shall women
enter the Jewish ministry?" is a ques?
tion raised by Joseph Leiser, of Cin?
cinnati, in the latest issue of "The
American Israelite." The question is
creating considerable discussion in
Cincinnati Jewish circles and indi
i rectly has brought to light the fact
that one young woman, Miss Martha
! Neumark, of Cincinnati, is already
i studying at the Hebrew Union College
| for the pulpit. She is a daughter of
' Professor David Neumark, a member
j of the faculty. Miss Neumark is the
! first girl in history to enter college to
prepare to become a rabbi.
"We have no objection at the college
to women entering the ministry," de?
clared Dr. Kauffmann, president of
tlje Hebrew Union College. "The ques?
tion is whether the congregations are
prepared to receive women rabbis."
Dr. Gothard Deutsch, dean of the
college, expressed the opinion that
there is no need for women in the pul?
pit. "There have been numerous occa?
sions on which women have spoken
from Jewish pulpits," he said, "but, in
my opinion, there is no need, for them
as ministers. The congregations would
hardly be inclined to receive them."
Soviet Army 75 Miles
From Warsaw; Polish
Reds' Drive in the North
Spent, French Believe;
Allied Officers Bolster
Polish Soldiers' Morale
Bolshevik Propaganda Is!
Blamed for Disorganiza- j
tion of Warsaw Army;
By Ralph Courtney
Special Cable to The Tribune
. Copyright, 1920, New York Tribune In?-.
PARIS, Aug. 1.?That the Russian
blow in the north has now spent itself,
is the belief to-day in competent French
soui'ces, where it is said that it is now ?
doubtful whether the Bolsheviki can
gather strength for another grand scale !
offensive before next spring.
Meanwhile many French and English |
officers and technicians are arriving at1
the front. This has had a stimulating
efTeet on the. Polish soldiery. More
than a thousand English officers and
technicians have just arrived by way of :
The Allied experts have undertaken I
to remedy the disorganization in the
rear of the Polish army, which is one
of the chief causes of the Polish de?
Efforts also are being made to stem
the tide of disaffection in the Polish
army, which Is largely caused, it is said,
by the spreading of false news by the
Bolsheviki, such as reports that demo?
bilization had been ordered. Reorgani?
zation of the northern front, however,
is now taking place with great lapidity.
Many reinforcements are arriving at the
Reds' Infantry Demoralized
Reports on the strength of the Rus?
sian army say that the Soviets are
making use of excellent and numerous
cavalry which are very well disciplined
and reliable. On the other hand, Rus?
sian infantry is in a lamentable state.
They have very little equipment and
are in the last, stages of fatigue. They
have no artillery and answer the
Polish big gun fire only with machine j
guns. The Soviet machine guns ap- !
pear to be-numerous and well served,]
but the Reds evidently are short of
The Poles in the north, now com?
manded by General Haller, are resort?
ing to Draconian measures to stop the
Bolsheviki, and it is believed they can I
succeed. French opinion is inclined to !
believe that if peace negotiations fail |
the Bolsheviki will endeavor to stabil?
ize the present front, waiting until !
next spring to make another grand of?
Magyars and Bolsheviki
From the southern front it is report?
ed the Soviet troops are operating in
the Tarnopol-Brody sector, aided by a
Magyar division, composed of 2,000
former prisoners of war.
This division is operating against
Lcmberg. Indications lead to the be?
lief, it is said, that this Hungarian
division will try to cross the Czecho?
slovak frontier in the neighborhood
The Polish situation is complicated
by troubles at Danzig, where the dock
er? are refusing to unload munitions
destined for the Polish army, while
Germany complains that the shipment
of arms to the Poles constitutes a
breach of Teuton neutrality. It is said
that the shipment of goods to the free
city is now completely at a standstill.
Sir Reginald Tower has been compelled
to make a threat that if the port
workers continue their opposition to
the unloading of munitions he will see
that they are unloaded by other means.
Late this evening no report of the
results of the Baranovitchi armistice
pourparlers had reached Paris, but it
is said that the Bolsheviki are trying
to make the negotiations drag on as
long as possible.
Germany Interns Fugitive Poles
Special Cable to The Tribune
Copyright, 1920, New Yorl? Tribuno Inc.
BERLIN, Aug. 1.?The whole Berlin
press applauds the action of the gov?
ernment in interning at Arys 2,000
fugitive Poles who crossed the east
Prussian frontier last night. The
radical Socialist newspapers declare
that the government's action indicates
Germany's intention to maintain neu?
Early this morning a squadron of
Bolshevik cavalry pursuing the Poles
appeared at the German frontier. The
commanding officer expressed irrita
Lion at the escape of the Poles, but as?
sured the frontier authorities that the
Boisheviki are determined to respect
Figures are still unobtainable, but
the disaster which overtook the Polish
northern army could not have been
! more complete.
Reports published here of the armis?
tice negotiations between the Bolshe?
viki and the Poles represent the Rus?
sians as adopting a highly arrogant
. attitude toward the Poles. One mes?
sage from the Polish front, appearing
! in the "National Zeitung," says the
Poles regard the Russian proposal? as
quite unacceptable, and that a break?
down of the negotiations is s.t hand.
Communist Coup Feared
Meanwhile, the anxiety of the Ger?
man middle classes is increased by de?
tailed stories of the imminence of a
Communist coup in Germany. To?
night's "Deutsche Tages Zeitung" gives
what it says is the text of final in?
structions issued by the German Cen?
tral Soviet Committee, running:
"The time is approaching when we
. must take over all government power.
Our reckoning with capitalist society
in Germany must be vigorous and re?
lentless. A general strike proclamation
; is being, prepared and will be dis
i tributed in due course."
Despite the fulminating of the Ger?
man Communists, there does not seem
to be any probability that the vast
mass of the workers h re taking part in
; any such wild escapade.
Polish Women Troops,
Shattered, in Warsaw
WARSAW, Aug. 1 (By The
Associated Press).?Warsaw was
brought into closer contact with
the front to-day by the arrival, in
a shattered condition, of a wom?
en's battalion which fought in
the defense of Vilna. The bat?
talion suffered heavy losses and
is now being reorganized. Mass
has been held in memory of the
women soldiers and others who
fell defending Vilna.
9 Million Loan!
Of U.S. Bankers
Group Interested in Pro?
posed Consortium Asked
to Make an Advance lin?
der T, W. Lamont's Plan
For Reconstruction Work
Japan Said to Obstruct '?
Scheme Whereby Peking j
May Get Financial Aid
By Nathaniel Peffer
Special Cable to The Tribune
Copyright, 1920, New York Tribune Inc.
PEKIN, Aug. 1.?China has asked the
American group of bankers interested
in the proposed consortium for a loan
of $9,000,000 on account, agreeing to the
terms laid down in the plan mapped out ?
by Thomas W. Lamont, of J. P. Morgan
& Co. China asks for an immediate !
advance for the purpose of disbanding ?
troops and reconstructing the govern-1
ment, after the overthrow of the pro- I
In the mean time the consortium is i
obstructed by Japan, ftwhich is holding I
Charles R. Crane, American Minister j
to China, is individually doing what he ?
can for China.
The change in government improves i
the prospect of an international finan- j
cial agreement if America takes the ini- ?
Expected Loan Will Be Made
From The Tribune's Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, Aug. 1.?While of?
ficial comment on the request of China j
for an advance of $9,000,000 on the i
loan arranged by the consortium early j
last month was withheld, it was said j
unofficially that in all probability the
money will promptly be forthcoming.
Delay in advancing money to China,
once the difficulties in the way of the j
consortium were smoothed out, was j
caused by the civil war. The attempt
of the Anfu party, about a month ago, ?
to force President Hsu of China to dis- I
miss the officials and generals of the I
State of Chihli precipitated the trouble, j
The Anfu party has been suspected of j
being pro-Japanese. While openly giv- !
ing in to the Anfu leaders, President
Hsu secretly sent word to General Tsao
and General Wu Pei-Wu, leaders of
the Chihli party, to remain in office. !
Then came the peremptory demand
of the Anfu leaHprs for the Chihli lead- j
ers to get oat, whereupon the Chihli ?
generals mobilized their army and j
started northward toward Peking.
Tuan, commander in chief of the !
Anfu forces, was defeatjd in practical- !
ly every engagement, and was vir- '
tually crushed several weeks ago in a
battle along the Peking and Tientsin
Railway. The last reports had Tuan
Chi Jui, leader of the Anfu party, in
flight about 270 miles north of Peking, j
with Tsao and Wu Pei-Wu in hot pur- j
suit, and the government completely
in the hands of the Chihli party.
This was further indicated by the
resignation of the Anfu members of '
the Cabinet, all disavowing any con?
nection with their late chief, Tuan.
The consortium was finally agreed
upon with five powers as managers, ?
but, as a result of the insistence by j
the United States that the door to all
powers having interests in Chint.
should be left open, with the under?
standing that other powers could join i
in the loan if they wished.
Japan had wanted to make all loan? |
to China herself, preferring this toi
any agreement for joint loans. She!
finally agreed to the consortium, how?
ever, stipulating that all the money
loaned China should be for purely
reconstructive purposes, and none of it
should be used for war or military pre?
As a result of the civil war the loan
was held up, and the powers acted
jointly in keeping open the Peking* and
Tientsen Railroad after the battle
along it. Most of the powers involved
in the loan had garrisons at Tient-?.
under the original Boxer agreement,
providing that this railroad to Peking
should be kept open. The United
States had a battalion of troops there,
which was reinforced after the civil
war had broken out by 500 marines
landed from the Pacific fleet. The
road was kept open, one train a day
for mail and passengers being operated
in each direction.
Communists in Britain
Vote for Dictatorship
LONDON, Aug. 1. Agreement was
unanimously- reached to form a Com?
munist party in Great Britain "for the
?purpose oi establishing Communist
rule, conferring power on the working
classes and controlling all forces of
production," at the opening session of
the Communist convention here yester?
day. Present at the initial meeting
were 15-1 delegates of British Commu?
nist organizations. Resolutions were
passed saying it was necessary to "se.t
up a dictatorship of the proletariat as
a means of combating counter revolu?
Fortress of Lomza and
Two Towns Near Ger.
man Border Reported
Captured by Bolsheviki
Fear Felt for Troops e?
Brest-Litovsk, Which Ij
Said to Have Fallen
PARIS, Aug. 1 (By The Associ?
ated Press).?The Russian Soviel.
army is. now within seventy-fivq
miles of Warsaw. It has capture;!
Lomza, which is just that distan?a
northeast of the Polish capital, an t
the towns of Kolno and Szcuczyr,
near the German border in th.*
In spite cf these and other Bolshei
vik successes, military expev's of u". .:?
Anglo-French mission in Poland aro
reported to be optimistic because ?...
the remarkable stiffening in the re?
sistance of the Polish northern array
under General Haller.
Concern Over Fourth Army
The chief concern of the experts ia
the position of the Fourth PoKch
Army, defending Brest-Litovsk. I it
Polish advices declare the pressure
upon that army will be relieved
shortly by the Polish counter offen?
sive which is being directed north?
eastward from the region of Brody.
northeast of Lern berg.
A large number of ships is arriving
at Danzig daily from French an!
British ports with munitions, which-art;
being unloaded rapidly and rushed to
the Polish front, according to word re?
ceived here. An efficient unloading
system has been organized by the Allied
experts, and in putting this system
into effect French, British and Polish
workers are laboring side by sid'i
without interference, it is declared.
Brest-Litovsk Reported Taken
LONDON, Aug. 1.?The fortress of
Brest-Litovsk, the stronghold 110 miles
east of Warsaw on the boundary ( "
Poland proper, is reported to have bee:*,
captured by the Russians, according to
a wireless dispatch from Berlin to-day.
The reports, says the Berlin message,
came from eastern Germany, and <ie
clare that Brest-Litovsk has been
taken by the Bolsheviki. after onlv
slight resistance from the Poles, and
that the Soviet forces were continuing
their advance toward Warsaw and
The Bolshevik cavalry on the Gei -
man eastern frontier, the message adds,
has been withdrawn and started in th"
direction of Warsaw.
Friday's official Soviet commui
from Moscow, transmitted thro gh
London Saturday, while it did not
claim the capture of Brest-Litovsk, in?
dicated that the Soviet forces ha !
reached that fortress in their forward
movement against the Poles. The
statement said: "We occupied Prusham
Tuesday and advanced to Brest-Litovsk.
Reds Occupy More Towns
A continuance of the Bolshevik ad?
vance west of Bialystok, with the oc?
cupation of towns and villages, is re?
ported in Saturdays communique < f
the Russian war offic?- at Moscow, re
ceived here to-day. 11 cads:
"In the direction of Lomza (seventy
five miles northeast of Warsaw ? we
forced the rivers BoboiT and Nareff.
"West of Bialystok o?r advance is
continuing successfully. To the ?-out 7
of Bialystok we occupied Bielsk.
"In the region of the Belovezh Forest
we occupied Belovezh station. North?
east of Kovrin we have broken the
enemy's stubborn resistance and oc?
cupied a series of villages."
Poles Repulse Bolsheviki
WARSAW, Aug. 1 (By The Associ?
ated Press).?Bolshevik forces,
have been concentrated on the b r-.k?
of the Narew River, with the apparent
object of driving to Warsaw along the
Bug River, have begun a series o
strong attacks, according to a Po
communiqu? issued here to-day.
statement adds that the Poles have
repulsed the Bolsheviki with he-.v
? loss in a sector near Topieloe, the R ?
sians abandoning eleven machine g ,
and leaving 500 dead.
A desperate struggle is going on
west of Bialystok, on the Bre*t
Litovsk Railroad, for possession o? th?
line running through Torczeja and
Lubina and along the Rivers Nurets
and Zerzyce. ,
The fighting in the Brody region i i
reported by the statement as favor
afele to the Poles.
No Word of Truce Envoys
I Nothing has been heard up to this
i hour from the Polish armistice nego
? liators since they were swallowed un
in the darkness within the Soviet Rus?
sian lines at 9 o'clock Friday night, <??*.
their way to meet the Soviet armistice
While the crossing of No Man's
Land was arranged to take place ai
8 p. m., there was an hour's delay, dur
to a misunderstanding in signals.
? owing to the difference in time kept
by the two armies, and the Poles wer-?
obviously agitated by the wait im?
posed upon them before- the jump-o;?
from the Polish front to the Soviet
The crossing was made in a quiet
sector, in the region of Kobryn. Seven
Polish automobiles borr- the emis?
saries. The cars carried white flag:.
The motor bearing Genera] R?mer,
the head of ttv, delegaci?n, wen. ?.v ?
x -v _ *?;? ??