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ADVERTISED IN THE
TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED
Vol. LXXX No. 26,930
First to Last?the Truth : News?Editorials ? A dvertisements
Now York Tribune Ino.)
MONDAY, AUGUST 9, 1920
Partly cloudy to-day. To-morrow local
showers; moderately warm
Full Report on Last Tare
TWO CBNTS I TH
In (.realer New York | Wit
hin 200 Miles
Allies Will Beeide To-day on Armed Aid for Poland;
_Soviet Guns Are Hammering at Gates of Warsaw
Seen in Fall
40.000 Apartments De?
manded and Only 300
Are Vacant in New York
City, Survey Indicates
IVew Leases Show
Truants Must Pay 25 to
100 Per Cent More or
Face Possible Eviction
A comprehensive survey of the hous?
ing situation as it exists in the City
of New York to-day. rnadr by The Trib
? ui e a condition which, in the
v Is of Harry Robitzek, Municipal
Court justice, "the 1.000,000 apartment
dwellers of the metropolis may well
r? card with a shudder."
V. ?th the city annually in need of
? ' "?' '-'merits to take rare <>f
its .-.- rma! increase in population, the
nel rdditions to the housing facilities
s ? e the first of the year, according
; the figures of the Tenement House
D' amount to a mere 207
,r J. W. Hilly, chairman of the
M yor's Committee on Rent Profiteer
i- ?r, d< ubts jf there are more than 300
" : r? at" signs in the whole of Man
I in. and he adds that this is i ho
summer season, when a considerable
port on of the population usually give
up their homo? and leave town.
'. Mann, head of the Tenement
H u e Department, says that at this
r ment there is a shortage of more
''('fi. housekeeping suites.
'..'?? i merely raying that while
* ere was trouble enough for Mr.
- nan\ last year in the way
uate housing facilities and
inci sed rents, the conditions have
i ? improved and have actually grown
Rents Will Re Higher
!r yon are one of the 00 Tier cent
of the tenants whose leases expire on
Ocl iber 1, you have probably been in
formed or will be informed by your
ird or real estate agent that your
ill hereafter be from 25 per cent
i0 per rent, higher, or you have
been flatly requested to vacate the
ses for any number of good or
If you feel thai the demands are ex
or tanl or are unable to meet them,
evident from the foregoing fig
thal there are certainly few va?
cant ? irtments waiting to receive
i e question naturally arises: What
-. to happen to you on October
il you r? '"use or are unable Jo
ir ?' the new demands and can't find
?. ' home? What, rol i of do the
r laws hold out to you? When
; - ? ro going to be apartments
ei .-': to go ?.round at reasonable
rat? nd what is being done by the
i - to relieve the situation?
of all, because of circumstances
1 oui of the war, there has been
r ling of ?weldings in the city
? the last twoLor three years to
? i e worth ^mentioning. The
f .it exists to-day is force
i . '? presented by figures of the Tene
l House Department. Tlie.sc show
(am ary 1. 1919, t h?M'<> were
N living suites in the apartment
r tenement houses of the five bor
< . On January 1 of this year
t were 982,761.
No Change Is Seen
It shows that at the beginning of
1 ear there were actually 383 apart
r less in the city than there were
I . ear. Since January 1 there were
e ected about ninety tenements, with
? capacity of 2,171 apartments. As
t this, however, 302 tenements
witl 1,964 living quarters have been
?educed or converted to non-habitable
Usi s, leaving a gain of only 207 apart
r for the entire city. The opinion
of those conversant with the facts is
that the situation will not be apprc
< unproved within the next two
or three years except through legisla
til e s timulus.
V> th the passage of the new rent
laws by the last Legislature, the ac
'tivities of the Mayor's ('ommitteo on
1 ' Profiteering and other agencies,
it was thought that exorbitant de
ri.iri'is would in a mensure be checked.
I'- the leases now being offered the
average tenant mean anything, the
gouging has grown worse.
The owners and real estate agents
?ftre offering leases to tenants with
poosts ranging |rom 25 per cent to 100
(Continued on page 9)
Man, Believed Killed by
I ?ghtning, Found in Boat
?Marled on Fishing Trip Satur?
day: Craft About a Mile From
Shore in Pelhatn Bay
The lifeless body of Joseph A. Ayres
fcixty years old, of 4678 Park Avenue
the Bronx, who is believed to hav?.
!>?<?n struck by lightning in Saturday'^
thunderstorm, was found yesterdaj
?board his motor boat, Old Crow, ir
Pelhani Bay, about a mile north of tht
Fort Schuyler shore.
The body was in the cockpit of the
?raft. It was found by PatrMmer
?George Bero and Cyrus Morton, of the
ttiarine division. Ayres left Singer's
hoathouse on Throg's Neck early Sat?
urday afternoon for a fishing trip. H?
had been employed in a shirt factorj
at 166th Street and Third Avenue. Ar
?utopsy will be performed by Dr. Knr
?Kcnnard, assistant medical examiner.
Lloyd George to Meet
Giolitti at Lucerne
GENEVA, Switzerland, Aur.
8.?Lloyd George, British Prime
Minister, will arrive in Lucerne j
next Thursday. While in Lucerne :
he will reside in a cottage placed
at his disposal by King Albert
of Belgium. Signor Giolitti, Pre?
mier of Italy, will go to Lucerne
Saturday to confer with Llovd
On his trip to Lucerne Lloyd
George will not pass through
Dyijig Banker j
In Strange Bed ;
E. H. dim, of W. Va., Un-!
conscious in Room Where j
Assailants Are Thought !
to Have Concealed Him
Door of House Forced ?
Only 27 Cents in Porkcts,
Although Helas in Habit j
of Carrying Large Sums '
E. H. Crim, bank president and lead- i
ing citizen of Philippi, W. Va., was \
found dying from morphine yesterday'
at 158 West Thirty-fourth Street, in the
room of James Ready. Ready never I
had laid eyes on him before, he told
the police, and could not explain how.
Crim got into his room
It is thought that the banker was
drugged and loft in the first accessible'
hiding place that his assailants came '
?.cross. He died within a few hours at]
New York Hospital without recovering'
his senses. ?. S. Bradford, of 818 ;
"West Eighty-ninth Street, who identi?
fied the bo<Hfc said that Mr. Crim had ;
come to New York on business of im- '
Although some jewelry was found on
M>\ ("rim's person he had only twenty-'
seven cents in his pocket, a circnm- j
stance which was mystifying to Mr.
Bradford, who said that the banker was
accustomed to carry large sums with
him. Mr. Crim leaves a widow and a
daughter. His attorney and business
manager are expected to-day to take
chartre of his body, which is at the
Campbell Funeral Church.
Found Door Unlocked
H was G o'clock when Ready crot
home. He noticed that the front 'door
was unlocked and that the door of his
room stood ajar, although he distinctly
remembered closing and locking it
when be went out Saturday night.
All thought of sleep was driven from
Ready's mind by the sight that met his
gaze as he entered his room. A man
about fifty years old was sprawled on
his bed, fully dressed and apparently
sound asleep. Ready never had sten
the man before. He ?pok?- to the stran?
ger; he called to him; he shook him by
There was no response. The intruder
was in a stupor. Ready called Patrol?
man Kgan. of the West Thirtieth Street
police station. Egan could make noth?
ing of the mystery, but after a glance
at the contracted pupils of the stran?
ger's eyes decided that it was an ambu- I
lance case. j
While waiting for the ambulance
Egan went through the pockets of the
unconscious man in an endeavor to
find something which would identify
him. Letters and papers were found
indicating that his name was E. 1!.
Crim and that he was staying at the
Hotel Pennsylvania. Egan not iced that, i
the lock on Ready's door had been i
Autopsv To Be Held
Physicians at the New York Hospital, ;
where Mr. Crim was taken, said he was j
suffering from acute morphine poison- I
ing. An autopsy probably will be or
dered to determine the cause of death, j
!\.*r. Crim registered at the Hotel ?
Pennsylvania August 4. No on- in the I
Thirty-fourth Street house could a- |
plain how he had got into Ready's ?
room. Neither morphine nor a mor- |
phine bottle was found in the room.
Climbs Telegraph Pole,
Goes to Sleep on Wires
Man, Roused by Policeman,
Klundiv Explains lie Was
"Out With the Boys"
Patrolman Rush was standing at the >
coiner of Fleming Avenue and Provi- :
Hence Street, Newark, yesterday morn- ,
ing when he happened to cast his eyes :
upward. Directly above him, lying
across the wires at the top of a tele
graph pole, was a man. Patrolman
Rush couldn't say whether the man :
was dead or just taking an early morn- !
:ng snooze. %
The reserves were called. Several ;
hundred people swarmed around the I
pole, thinking that a lifeless body was
to he brought down. A policeman
climbed the pole and shook the man
by the shoulder. He opened his eyes ;
slowly, gave a mighty yawn and asked
what time it was.
He told his astonished audience that
bis name was William Merkel, that he
had been "out with the boys" the night !
before ar.d that some drink he had
taken must have caused him to climb
the pole. He was sent to the Newark
Girls Saved From Asphyxiation
Neighbors early yesterday morning
traced the odor of gas to the apart?
ment of Helen and Eleanor Almedo at
_26 Ea&t 104th Street. A patrolman
vho broke into the aoartment found
the two girls unconscious. After a
hiilf hour's work with the pulmotor Dr.
King removed the young women to
Reception Hospital, where -r f.i rtid
tney will recover. ?>
J. J. McGraw
John C. Slavin Suffers a
Fractured Skull in Fall
After Being Peacemak?
er in Lambs Club Row
Leader of Giants
Has a Black Eve
Name of His Antagonist,!
Thespian, Kept Secret;
Taxi Ride Adds Mystery
John C. Slavin, a well known actor,
now retired, and "peacemaker" in a
tight at The Lambs early yester?
day, lay unconscious from a fractured
skull last night in St. Luke's Hospital.
John J. McGraw, manager of the
Giants and said to have been the loser
in the fight, was able to attend the
ball game yesterday, although he had
a black eye and didn't bat bulls to the
infield, according to custom.
Detectives Fitzpatrick and Love are
trying to determine what might have j
caused Slavin to fall on the sidewalk
in front of McGraw's apartment house,
at 301 West 109th Street, one minute
after they said good night to each |
other at 7:30 o'clock yesterday morn-1
Reports at the West 100th Street sta- j
tion were that McGraw nnd an actor,
whose name the Lambs withhold,!
had a fistic dispute there late Saturday j
night, and that Slavin attended Me- j
Graw's wounds. Then, with Winfield j
Lcggett, retirer! lieutenant commander I
i in the navy, they left, the club nnd went
to McGraw's home in a taxicah driven
by William Meagan, of 3 Columbus
Slavin Falls on Sidewalk
Physicians at the hospital had the
impression that Slavin fell from the j
taxicab and struck the sidewalk with
some force, but .Meagan said the thres j
men got out and McGraw, after a brief j
conversation, said good night and
entered the building. Then Meagan I
heard the sound of Slavin's fall and, j
turning, saw b;m stretched out on the
. idewalk, with blood streaming from
Two men came from a motor car on ?
the corner and suggested that Slavin
be taken to the hospital. Leggett and
Meagan had Slavin placet! in the taxi- |
cab and drove to the hospital, where ,
the police were notified. I
Detective Love visited McGraw's I
home, awakened him and told the aston- j
ished baseball magnate of Slavin's in- \
jury. Neither he nor Leggett could j
imagine how Slavin happened to fall. I
They said there had been no quarrel in
the taxicah and that they had parted I
the best of friends. Meagan confirmed
"Mr. Slavin was not injured in the
Lambs Club." a member who spOke for |
the club deeiared. "He was perfectly j
all rieht when he left here in com- I
pany with McGraw and Leggett. The j
story we were told was that he slipped !
in alighting from a taxicab and struck;
his head on the sidewalk when be fell." i
Club Will Investigate
The police have made no arrests in ?
connection with the case. Slavin re?
mained practically unconscious through- j
out yesterday, but would answer "Yes" \
and "No" vajuely to questions. Mrs. !
Slavin and a son, John Slavin jr., came
to the hospital from their homo at 1S42
Case Street, Elmhurst, L. I. Doctors!
said there was no likelihood that? he;
would die immediately and no way to j
determine whether he would live.
Slavin has much real estate, and has
pot been active on the stage for about
ten years. When appearing regularly
he was seen in support of De. Wolf j
Hopper, Lillian Russell, Frank Daniels, :
Jefferson Dc Angelis and other stars, i
He was with Frank Tinney in "When j
Dreams Come True" several years ago. J
C. V. O. Hein, of the Lambs Club, I
said last night that he was playing j
cards with McGraw, Slavin and Leg
gett early Saturday night, but that !
was before the hour of the rumored ;
light. George Howell, of the house |
committee, announced that the com- !
mittee would meet at 4 p. m. to-day '
to take some action regarding the i
fight to prove that the club was in no I
w.iv responsible for the injury to ;
An employee in McGraw's home said
yesterday afternoon that he had gone ;
to the game and would be home to
dine with his family at 7:30 o'clock.:
But at that hour no one was there, and !
an elevator attendant declared that ;
McGraw had not been home sinie the
Aero Mail Route
B?azed to Pacific^
Two All-Metal Machines
' That Left Here July 29
Alight at Oakland, CaL
OAKLAND, Calif., Aug. 8.?Two all
metal airplanes that left New York
City on July 29 to blaze a trail for a
transcontinental aerial mail service,
landed at an Oakland flying field late
J. M. Larsen. owner of tho planes,
delivered to Postmaster Joseph J.
Rosebrough a package of New York
mail, constituting what was said to be
the first transcontinental aerial mail
deliverv on record.
-? . ..
Tribune render? huve confidence in It? ?d
vertlslwr columns on account of the
"Merchandise Guaranteed" r?an. This pel
lev Involves a ran>fui Inspection nf the
.."--.H'-?t W-nt A<1. Consult the Want A<1.
..... ui ni Tut iti : :.? u? Interest. Advt,
Report Cox 'Surprise9
Vetoed by Tumulty
DAYTON, Ohio, Aug. 8.?
There was much discussion here
to-day over Governor Cox's fail?
ure yesterday to insert, the mys?
terious 200 words he had prom?
ised to make public in his speech
The story about hotel lobbies is
that the 200 words were a ref?
erence to the present interna?
tional, situation in Europe, charg?
ing: that it is the fault of Repub?
licans,' but that Joseph P. Tum?
ulty, President Wilson's secre?
tary, disapproved the extract
when it was shown him upon his
arrival to attend the ceremonies,
and so it was left out.
From a source close to the
Governor it is said the extract
was upon a domestic issue.
Call Cox Talk
Maze of Error i
Curious Mixture of Mis- :
statements Where Facts j
Were Ignored or Con-!
torted, According to Critics
Tax Charges Refuted
Republicans Accept Chal?
lenge to Make Wilson j
Covenant Issue of Fight
Rprrial Dispatch to The Tribune
MARION, Ohio, Aug. 8.?The Re- '
publican party is ready to join battle
before the country on the assumption
of Governor James M. Cox, in his
speech accepting the Democratic Presi?
dential nomination, that the Senate,
.subverted the wish and purpose of the j
American people in preventing ratifi- j
cation of the Wilson covenant.
The Cox challenge was accepted to?
day in a statement issued from the
headquarters of Senator Warren G.
Harding that is understood to repre?
sent the views of the nominee. This
statement classified the Cox address |
as a curious mixture of errors and mis
Senator Harding's advisers selected i
from the speech as the most glaring
error Governor Cox's statement that
the Republican Congress since the ar?
mistice has made no effort to enact nor
passed a single law "to lift from the i
American people a loa?! of war taxa?
tion that cannot be tolerated in a time
Che Harding headquarters statement
says this is untrue, pointing out that
the 66th Republican Congress, in a lit- !
tie more than a year, reduced taxes!
$2,41-1,115,144.13, appropriating this!
much less than the Wilson Administra- j
lion demanded should be appropriated. I
The statement which bears the sig?
nature ''Senator Harding's Headquar?
"Governor Cox.'s acceptance address
will not fail to please his political op?
ponents. Republicans and Democrats
alike, who are convinced that the
country's most immediate task is to get
its business administration into the
hands of people competent to take care
of it, and get its international rela?
tions into the. control of men who are
Americans first rather than interna?
Many Errors in Speech
"The speech is a curious mixture of
eirors and misstatoments as to facts
so well known that mere utterance can
cause nothing less than amazement.
"Thus on the subject of government
expenses Governor Cox said:
" 'Immediately following the armistice
measures to modify onerous and annoy?
ing taxation should have been taken
and the Republican Congress . . . j
has not made a single effort or passed I
a single, law to lift from the American j
people a load of war taxation that can?
not be tolerated in a time of peace.
Federal taxation must be heavily re- j
duced, and it will be done at once if r. j
Democratic Administration is chosen in
"The foregoing is far from recorded
facts. The GGth Congress in a lit?
tle more than a year of its existence I
(Continued on Page 3)
General Evacuation of
City Marked by Great
Disorder; Reds Retire
Hungarian Troops Be?
ing Prepared by French
Special Cable, to The Tribune,
Copyright, 1920, New York Tribune Inc.
BERLIN, Aug. 8.?Russian artil?
lery is hammering at the outer forts
of Warsaw. A vast big-gun duel is
in progress between the Bolshevik
advance artillery and the defenders
of the Polish capital.
According to news reaching here
by way of Posen, Bolshevik airplanes
hover over the city day and night,
but. no attempt is being made to
bomb the capital. On the other hand,
vast quantities of propaganda leaf?
lets are being dropped!
Populace Flees Warsaw
A general evacuation of Warsaw
by panic-stricken Poles is announced
in the latest dispatches reaching
here. It is estimated that more than
100,000 men and women have fled
from the capital during the last few
It is reported that the Russians have
withdrawn all their troops from the
East Prussian frontier and directed
them southwards. Public opinion in
Berlin now is calmer and the belief is
general and shared by the government
that no pressure is likely to be put on
Germany to agree to the. transport of
French troops through her territory to
help the Poles.
Czech Army Mobilized
Circumstantial reports from Buda?
pest suggest, however, that 150,000 Hun?
garian troops, under French command,
may bo expeled to move against the
Bolsheviki if the I^pndon negotiations
fail. Reports from Prague also signal
mobilization of the Czech army, although
it seems equally clear that the Czech
government ami public are anxious to
maintain neutrality. The mobilization
is being explained by the necessity of
defending the Bohemian frontiers
against possible Bolshevik attacks.
Hungary Offers Two Divisions
WARSAW, Aug. 8 (By The Associat?
ed Press). -The question of transport?
ing through the border states two di?
visions of cavalry which have been
offered to Poland by the Hungarian
Parliamentary delegation is under con?
Premier Witos, in a statement tc
the Polish newspaper men today, snid
the government would remain in War?
Asked regarding the foreign lega
I tions, the Premier said representa?
tives desiring to stay with the govern?
ment did so on their own responsi?
It is announced that Cardinal Rat
tiv, papal nuncio at Warsaw, will re?
main in Warsaw if the capital falls
'. into the hands of the Bolsheviki.
j The newspapers to-day print arti?
cles criticizing Poles who aro leaving
the city, declaring they should not bi
allowed to return.
The Reds are gradually creeping up
on Warsaw. They are reported now tc
be only sixty kilometers (thirty-si\
miles) away, and preparing for a quick
* Peace negotiations are at a standstill
on account of a fourth refusal to-day
of the Moscow wireless operators tc
receive the Polish note asserting will
ingness on the part of the Poles tc
send a ?lelegation to Minsk to discuss
peace. Efforts are still being made by
the civil population to back up the
troops at the front.
The entire police force of Warsaw
l.QDO strong?armed with new Englisl
rifles, has left for the front. Theii
places as guardians of the peace in th?
(Continued on next page)
Six Well-Fed Bandits Return
To Steal Restaurant Cash Box
Six men entered the restaurant of
Peter Menidis, 2235 Eighth Avenue, at
2:30 a. m. yesterday and ordered a
meal that inspired the chef to his
highest culinary achievement. In?
cluded in the order was a thick, juicy
steak, smothered in $2 worth of mush-1
After enjoying the meal and leaving
a generous tip for the waiter, the six
men sauntered toward the door. As
they paid the check, which amounted
to more than $S, one of them remarked
to the cashier: "Nice steaks you have
here; nice place. See you later."
The cashier beamed upon them and
suggested that they come again. Two
minutes later he regretted the invita?
tion. Two of the well-fed strangers
returned with revolvers drawn. "Sit
down and, keep quiet," one of them or?
dered. "We have work to do."
Into the restaurant marched two
more of the six. They grabbed the big
cash register, Which contained the 58
they had contributed, and about 5490
moie, and hurried oui.
The robbery was witnessed by sev?
eral waiters and a number of patrons.
With the exception or one young!
woman, they all watched the perform?
ance in open-mouthed amazement. She
.seized a catsup bottle and hurled it at
the bandit? as they were leaving. It
smashed against the white-tiled wall
and two of them were showered with
the thick red liquid.
The two men who remained outside
were sitting in a big touring car. The
car took the cash register and bandits
to other parts of Manhattan.
Police of the West 123d Street sta?
tion investigated and obtained a com?
plete description of the six men, down
to the size of the steak they had
ordered and the size of the tip they
had given the waiter. A demolished
cash register found yesterday in
Sixtieth Street, near Ninth Avenue, is
believed to be the ono taken from the
The restaurant is the oldest chop and
oyster house in Harlem, having occu?
pied its present quarters for nearly
twenty years. Until yesterday it had
never been robbed.
League of Nations May Be Invoked
To Renew Trade Ban on Rues'a
Special Cahl? to The Tribune.
Copyright, 1920, New York Tribune Inc.
HYTHR, England, Aug. 8.?The presence of Arthur J. Balfour,
British representative on the council of the League of Nations, at the
conference of premiers here to-day was responsible for a report that
the League of Nations may be invoked to undertake a blockade.of
Russia. Mr. Balfour has just returned from the San Sebastian meeting
of the league council, where it considered military blockade questions for
the first time.
It may be assumed that he reported fully just what the league con?
sidered it might be able to undertake. This might meet with objections
from British labor. The Bolsheviki, by their invasion of Poland, vio?
lated one of the fundamental principles of the league. England, which
under no circumstances is willing to send troops at this juncture, might
supply warships to the league, while France might give military officers
and some men for strengthening the Polish army.
Another reason advanced for calling in the league is that America,
if the action were taken, might adopt a more sympathetic attitude
toward operations against the Bolsheviki.
To Quell Riot;
5 Sailors Shot
Jackies and Marines Take j
Prisoner From Police
at Revere Beach, Then ?
Bombard Station Honse j
100,000 Witness Battle!
100 Naval Men Arrested;
Women and Girls Faint j
as Excitement Runs High
REVERE, Mass., Aug. 8.?Federal j
troops from Fort Banks were rushed !
to Revere Beach to-night after a crowd
of sailors and marines had attacked a
Metropolitan Park police officer, who
had attempted to arrest a sailor on a
charge of drunkenness, and attacked
the police station.
While thousands of Sunday night
pleasure seekers looked on, the sailors S
and marines, joined by a few soldiers, !
and numbering more than 400, took!
the prisoner from the officer and then !
gave battle to other members of the j
One Hundred Sailors Arrested
Some of them seized rifles from near- !
by shooting galleries and opened tire!
on the police station. The police re- j
turned the fire with revolvers and shot- j
guns. Five sailors were seriously
wounded and there were many minor |
Help was summoned from Fort
Banks, the Chelsea police and the Bos- !
ton navy yard. A detachment of 300 j
soldiers from Fort Banks, with fixed
bayonets, was hurried to the scene and !
proceeded to clear the beach. The /o- |
lice estimated the crowd at the beach ;
at the time of the rioting to be 100,000.
The naval authorities gave orders to
the navy provost guard that every :
sailor in Revere was to be arrested.
Late to-night more than one hundred '?
had been placed under arrest, and the
authorities seemed to have gained con?
trol of the situation.
Several patrolmen were injured in j
the fighting, none seriously. The !
beach is under the control of the
Metropolitan District Commission and j
is patrolled by the commission's police
Throng Watches Battle
Most of the minor injuries to po?
licemen and bystanders were caused
by flying stones when the mob hurled
missiles at the police station. The'
windows were smashed and much of j
the furniture inside the station was1
The excitement among the onlookers
was intense, especially when the officers
fired volleys over their heads in an ef?
fort to frighten away their attackers.
Women and girls screamed and some
of them fainted in the crush as the
throng pressed close to watch the
It was more than three hours before
the soldiers and police, assisted by
naval provost guards, drove away the
throng. The police station was filled
with prisoners and many more were
lined up outside under guard.
Many Reds Seized
In Warsaw ?lot
Scheme to Blow Up Army
Offices Is Frustrated;
Tunnel Found in Church
WARSAW, Aug. 8 (by The Associated
Press).- A plot, believed to have been
of Communist origin and designed to '
blow up general army headquarters,
has been discovered in Warsaw. Many
persons have been arrested and great
quantities of arms and ammunition
confiscated in the old Russian Cathe- \
dral, which is situated just across the
street from the army office?.
The arms were found in the base?
ment of the church. Here also was
discovered a tunnel, nearly complete,
which was being dug under the street !
toward army headquarters. The find- i
ing of the tunnel and the arms came ;
as a result of sentries at headquarters
during the night hearing the thump of
steel against the earth beneath their:
Headquarters is only 100 feet from
the cathedral, which stands in the een- :
ter of the city of Warsaw. It was built
by the Russians. Since the Germans
left Warsaw the catht-dral has been i
used as a garrison as well as for all
military masses and funerals.
A number of Communists have been :
arrested during the last few days. In i
their possession were found complete j
plans of the city, with government
buildings marked in red ink. Since the
finding of the arms and the tunnel
hundreds of arrests have been made.
Him in Ireland
Liverpool Shut to Arch?
bishop as M'Cready Sends
Wireless Warning Against
Attempt to Land in Erin
Arrival Remains Secret
Half Dozen Cities Prepare
Welcome; Debarkation at
Fishguard Is Expected
By Frank Getty
Special Cable to The Tribune
Copyright. 1920, New York Tribune Inc.
LIVERPOOL, Aug. 8.-The Liverpool
police to-night announced officially that
Archibishop Mann i x, of Melbourne,
Australia, will not be permitted to land
The Archbishop, from the steamship
Baltic, on which he sailed from New
York, sent a wireless message to Dub?
lin newspapers saying he had received
a message by wireless from General
Macready declaring that if h? attempt?
ed to land in Ireland he would be ar?
rested. This was the only direct word
received from the prelate.
Great secrecy surrounds the govern?
ment's plans to handle the Archbishop.
Preparations are being made at half a
dozen ports to receive him, including ;
Southampton, Falmouth, Portsmouth
There were countless rumors and a
flat statement by one evening paper
to-day that Archbishop Mannix would
land at Fishguard. The Baltic will
dock here at 6 o'clock to-morrow even?
Secrecy Baffles Plans
The Lord Mayor of Dublin and
others planning addresses of welcome
were as much in doubt as to the gov?
ernment's intentions as they were yes?
terday. They had proceeded with plans
for the greatest reception in Liver?
The city was quiet today, Irish or?
ganizers having purposely kept would
be demonstrators in check in order to j
avoid giving the authorities any pre- !
text for banning demonstrations to- ?
morrow. Some thousand Irishmen are .
gathered here, but aside from" a small
assemblage at the pier this afternoon I
for want of a better place to go, they j
were not in evidence in public.
Councilor P. J. Kelly, who was in
charge of the plans for the local recep- ?
tien, knows nothing of the government's ?
intentions about landing Archbishop j
Mannix. He repeated his wireless j
message of yesterday to the Archbishop, j
but has received no word of any sort !
from the Baltic.
Arriving passengers are not permitted
to communicate with those awaiting
them on shore and the withholding of
passes to the landing stage is causing
considerable inconvenience to those
Americans and others who have come
to meet friends and relatives.
There was a rumor this afternoon
that the Baltic had been sighted off
the Mersey bar and this ?ent those pre?
paring to welcome the Archbishop scur?
rying to gather their forces, but the
craft proved to be another vessel.
Prepare for Trouble
Organizations here have given a
verbal promise to refrain from counter
demonstrations, but say ominously,
"We won't be responsible if there is
The Catholic Bishop Cloyne publishes
letters from Archbishop Mannix dated
Los Angeles, June 14, in which he says
that he does not Intend to act as an
agitator in Ireland, but simply wishes
to visit his old home. The Archbishop
wrote that he expected to attend a
number of receptions in the United
States, but did not want anything in j
the nature of a public reception in Ire- ?
The London Sunday papers united
^Continued on Pat? 3)
A. B. Howard Disappears
Express Co. Manager on Voyage
From Buenos A y re? to N. Y.
BUENOS AYRES, Aug. 8. -A. B.
Howard, South American manager of
the American Express Comoany, has
disappeared from the steamship Martha
Washington, which is on a voyage from
Buenos Ayres to New York, says a
wireless dispatch recciveu here. He
has been missing since July 30.
Mr. Howard was one of the best
known Americans in South America.
He was returning to the United States
on eccount of the illness of nis wife,
who preceded him.
L?nine IVIakes It Plan? Jo
Premiers That Soviet In?
tends to Deal Directly
With Poland for Peace
Mi Her and Urges
Lloyd George Holds Back,
but Both Realize Soviet
Is Set on Taking WarsaM'
Special Cable to The Tribune
Copyright. 1920. N?? Y'^rk Tribune Inc.
HYTHE, England, Aug. 8.?
I Plans for military aid to be given
\ Poland immediately by the Allies
are being drawn up to-night and to?
morrow Premiers Lloyd George and
Millerand will pass upon them. The
decision will mean whether Great
Britain and France are to go to
! war with Russia to save Poland.
The turn in the conference of
? the two premiers, which wac called
I to consider the Polish question,
??came when Mr. Lloyd George rc
! ceived from the Russian Soviet
government a refusal to grant
Lloyd George's demand that an im*
'. mediate truce be granted Poland by
| the Moscow government.
Reds Want Dir?ect Peace
It is officially stated that neither
Premier Millerand nor Lloyd George
are any longer able to doubt that
the Bolsheviki intend to push on
into Warsaw and set up a Soviet
In refusing allied mediation be?
tween themselves and Poland to?
day, the Bolsheviki said they pre?
ferred direct peace negotiations
with the Poles.
It was when this purpose of the Rus?
sians became known that the premiers
ordered the military experts to report
to-morrow morning on plans for assist?
The conference also received news
showing that the Poles are showing
signs of moving toward direct peace.
Premier Millerand is alarmed at the
prospect of contact between the Ger?
mans and Bolsheviki and believes this
must be prevented at all costs, for it
would lead sooner or later to destruc?
tion of the Versailles treaty. He con?
siders it absolutely essential for the
safety of Europe that those of the
Poles who still desire to resist th?
Rolsheviki should receive full support
for that purpose and that, urgent mili?
tary measures are nece.-sary
At the conference to-day, Mr Mille
rand also demanded that formal decla?
ration be made that any violation of
the Versailles treaty would result in
further occupation of German terri?
Reds Frame New Demands
The Bolshevik refusal of the Allied
truce proposal is said to be final. The
Bolshevik notes, two of which were
received by the conference to-day,
showed the Bolsheviki intend to inflict
terms on Poland which all former
Polish declarations have said would be
Among other declarations, the Bol?
sheviki demand free transportation
across Poland and reduction of the
Polish army to one-fourth that of the
size of the Soviet forces.
The British representatives came to
Hythe in an optimistic spirit, hoping
for a favorable reply from Russia.
They do not conceal their disappoint
ment. On the other hand, the French
take an "I told you so" attitude. The
French believe their demand? for
strong military measures will prevail
and pointed out that the F:snch pre?
mier came with a program of action
suited to the contingency which ha?'
The French feel so strongly that
they are almost prepared to plaj a
lone hand, whiie Premier Lloyd George
knows the weight of public opinion
in England is against any action which
might precipitate the country into
war. Not only members of the Liberal
and Labor parties, but a large number
of Conservatives have expressed to him
their unwillingness to bear the burden
of another struggle at this time.
British officials who have been deal?
ing with Leonid Krassin and Leo
Kameneff consider that the Poles have
not exhausted the possibility of reach
ing peace and though they hold that
Premier L?nine and Foreign Mint .i^.
Tchrtcherin, of Russia, have been bluf?
fing and stalling in the preliminary
pour parlers, they are inclined to leavr
the door of peace open a little longer.
Those at the Conference
Tho'se attending the conference for
the British were Premier Lloyd Georj,.,
Arthur J. Balfour, General Sir Henrv
Wilson, Chief of the British Imperial
Staff; Bari Beatty, Commander of the
Grand Fleet, and Sir Maurice Hankey,
Secretary of the Committee on Im?
perial Defense. In behalf of France
were Premier Millerand, Philippe
Berthelot, Political Director of the
French Foreign Office; M. Fleuriot and
HYTHE. England. Aug. 8 ( Bv The
Associated Press). WhMe there has
been no talk of offlciaH^declorlng war
on Russia bewuae of the Russia?'!